Minister of Foreign Affairs
of 11 December 1997. July 1962
about the Antarctic Treaty
On 1 May 2004. December 1959 in Washington negotiated the Treaty on Antarctica.
The National Assembly expressed its consent agreement on 29. March 1962 and
President of the Republic signed the instrument of accession of the Czechoslovak
Socialist Republic of Vietnam to the Treaty on 6. May 1962.
The instrument of accession was deposited with the State Department of the United States
of America on 14 June 2004. June 1962.
According to article XIII, paragraph 1. 5 Treaty on the same day entered for
The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic in force.
English translation of the Treaty shall be designated at the same time.
The Governments of Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Chile, the French Republic,
Japan, New Zealand, Norway, the Union of South Africa, Union of Soviet
Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland and the United States of America
Mindful that it is in the interest of all mankind, that Antarctica continues to always
serve exclusively peaceful purposes and did not become the scene or the subject
Recognizing the significant contribution to scientific knowledge based on international
cooperation in scientific research in Antarctica;
convinced that the creation of a solid basis for the continuation of this
cooperation and for its development on the basis of free scientific inquiry in the
Antarctica, as was the case for the International Geophysical Year
corresponds to the interests of science and the progress of all humanity;
Furthermore, being convinced that the Treaty, which provides the use of Antarctica
only for peaceful purposes, and the continuation of international understanding in the
Antarctica, will contribute to the achievement of the objectives and principles of the Charter of the Organization of the
the United Nations;
have agreed as follows:
1. Antarctica will be used only for peaceful purposes. Prohibit, inter alia,
any measures of a military nature, such as the construction of a military
bases and fortifications, holding military maneuvers, as well as experiments with
any kinds of weapons.
2. this agreement does not prevent the use of military personnel or equipment
for scientific research or for any other peaceful purposes.
Free scientific research in Antarctica and cooperation in this regard, as
they are applied for the International Geophysical Year, persists in
accordance with the provisions of this agreement.
1. To promote international cooperation in scientific research in
Antarctica, as provided for in article II of this agreement, the Contracting Parties
agree that you will be in the highest possible and practicable extent:
and to exchange information on plans) scientific work in Antarctica in order to
saving resources and ensure maximum efficiency of work;
(b) the exchange of scientific personnel between) groups and stations in the Antarctic;
c) Exchange data and results of scientific observations in Antarctica and
ensure free access to them.
2. in fulfilment of this article will make every supported establishing
active cooperation with the specialized agencies of the United
Nations and other international organizations, which have about Antarctica
interest from the scientific and technical point of view.
1. Nothing contained in this agreement, shall be construed as:
and) a waiver of any of the Contracting Parties have previously announced rights
or claims to territorial sovereignty in Antarctica;
(b)) a waiver of any of the Contracting Parties of any substrate for
claims to territorial sovereignty in Antarctica, or restrictions of this
the substrate, that either of the Contracting Parties may obtain as a result of their
activities or the activities of their citizens in the Antarctic, or for other reasons;
(c)) damage to the positions of any Contracting Party as regards the recognition or
non-recognition of a right or claim or basis of claim of any
another State to territorial sovereignty in Antarctica.
2. no action or activity falling within the time when this Agreement shall be in
force will not be the basis for the Declaration, supporting or denying
any claim to territorial sovereignty in Antarctica and does not create any
rights of sovereignty in Antarctica. No new claims for extensions
existing claims to territorial sovereignty in Antarctica will not be
applied until this contract is in force.
1. Any nuclear explosions in Antarctica and the disposal of
of radioactive waste material in this area is prohibited.
2. If they concluded the international agreement relating to the use of nuclear
energy, including nuclear explosions and the disposal of radioactive
waste of material, on which will participate in all the Contracting Parties,
whose representatives have the right to participate in the Conference laid down
Article IX of the Antarctic will be applied the rules set out by these
The provisions of this agreement apply to the area south of 60. the parallel South
width, including the ice, however, nothing in this agreement
included, does not harm and do not affect the rights of any State
or the exercise of those rights as recognised in international law on the high seas in
1. in order to achieve the objectives pursued and in the interest of respecting the provisions of the
This agreement, each of the Contracting Parties whose representatives, may
participate in conferences, the implied article IX of this agreement, the right to
appoint observers for any inspection, anticipated this
article. Observers shall be nationals of the Contracting Parties, that is
their names are. The names of the observers will be notified to each of the Contracting Parties,
who has the right to designate observers; a similar message will be sent to you on
the case of the termination of their functions.
2. Each observer, appointed under the provisions of paragraph 1 of this article
has totally free access to any or all areas of Antarctica
and this at any time.
3. All areas of Antarctica, including all stations and facilities in these
areas, and also all the naval ships and aircraft on the bases where the
setting down or picking the cargo or personnel in Antarctica, are in any of the
the time available for inspection to the observers appointed in accordance with the provisions of the
paragraph 1 of this article.
4. observation from the air can carry out at any time and over
any of the above or all areas of Antarctica each Contracting Party,
who has the right to appoint an observer.
5. each of the Contracting Parties to this agreement, for it will take effect,
will inform the other Contracting Party and shall notify in a timely manner in the future:
and on all trips) of Antarctica or Antarctic region, which
operate its ships or its citizens, and of all the expeditions to the
Antarctica, which are organized on its territory, or of its
the territory of the broadcast;
(b)) of all stations in Antarctica operated by its citizens;
(c)) of any military personnel or equipment intended to send to the
Antarctica, taking into account the conditions laid down in point 2 of article I of this
Of the Treaty.
1. Observers, appointed in accordance with the provisions of point 1 of article VII and scientific
staff, to replace according to the provisions of point 1 b) Article III of the Treaty,
as well as the staff accompanying such a person, shall be subject to the interest of the
facilitating the exercise of their functions under this agreement, and without
prejudice to the respective positions of the Contracting Parties on the issue of jurisdiction
above all other persons in Antarctica, exclusively to the jurisdiction of the Contracting
Party of which they are nationals, in respect of all acts or
an accident occurring for their stay in Antarctica, for the purpose of
the performance of their functions.
2. The interested party, without prejudice to the provisions of section
1 of this article and before taking measures pursuant to the provisions of point 1 (e))
Article IX, shall, without delay, if there is any dispute on the question of
jurisdiction in Antarctica, immediately consult with each other to arrive to
mutually agreed solution.
1. the representatives of the Contracting Parties listed in the preamble of this agreement
meet in Canberra no later than two months after the entry thereof in the
force, and will henceforth meet at times and in places that
in the interest of the exchange of information, mutual consultation on issues
Antarctica, which are of general interest and in the interest of development,
explore the measures and recommendations to their Governments, which would contribute to the
the implementation of the principles and objectives of this agreement, including measures to:
and Antarctica) use only for peaceful purposes;
(b)) support scientific research in Antarctica;
(c)) the promotion of international scientific cooperation in Antarctica;
(d) support to the implementation of rights) of the inspection provided for in article VII of this
Of the Treaty;
e) issues relating to the exercise of jurisdiction in Antarctica;
(f) protection and conservation) the living resources in Antarctica.
2. each Contracting Party, which becomes a party to the Treaty on
the provisions of article XIII, will have the right to appoint their representatives to
participated in the conferences referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, for a period,
When this party manifests their interest in Antarctica by there
develops a substantial scientific and research activity, such as building
scientific station or the secondment of scientific expeditions.
3. the reports of the observers referred to in article VII of this agreement, the
sent to the representatives of the parties participating in the conferences
referred to in paragraph 1 of this article.
4. the measures referred to in paragraph 1 of this article shall enter into force after the
the approval of all the Contracting Parties whose representatives have the right to
to participate in conferences convened to discuss these measures.
5. Some rights, or all of the rights provided for in this agreement, you may
be applied as soon as the Treaty enters into force, and regardless of the
whether any measures, contributing to the exercise of those rights, or
was proposed, discussed or approved, as it assumes that this
Each Contracting Party undertakes to develop appropriate efforts in
accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, was not in the Antarctic
no activity, contrary to the principles or objectives of this agreement.
1. If a dispute arises between two or more Contracting Parties concerning the
the interpretation or application of this agreement, the Contracting Parties are
consult with each other to solve the conflict by negotiation, investigation,
mediation, conciliation, arbitration proceedings, the Court or other
by peaceful means, that's their choice.
2. Any such dispute which is not resolved in this manner, it will be
with the consent of all parties involved in this dispute,
The International Court. However, if no agreement is reached about the submission
dispute to the International Court, they are not free from the obligations of the parties
continue to seek to resolve it by peaceful means, all sorts of
referred to in paragraph 1 of this article.
and) this agreement may be amended or supplemented at any time after the
the agreement of all the Contracting Parties whose representatives are entitled to participate in the
the Conference envisaged article IX. Any such amendment or supplement
entry into force, to the Government, for which the contract is saved, it gets from the
all of these Contracting Parties to report on their ratification.
(b)) this amendment enters into force, then any other
Contracting Party, up from her Government, for which the contract is saved, it gets
a report on their ratification. Any Contracting Party which does not give
report on ratification within two years after the entry into force of the amendment
under the provisions of paragraph 1 of this article, and will) from the date of expiration of this
the period considered as also having withdrawn from the contract.
and) If after thirty years from the entry into force of this Treaty
some of the Contracting Parties whose representatives are entitled to participate in the
the Conference envisaged in article IX, asks the Government which is a contract
stored, will be convened as quickly as practically possible, will be
the Conference of all the Contracting Parties, that will be how it is
The contract is being performed.
(b) any change or add-in) this contract, approved at the specified
the Conference of the parties at it usually represented, including most
those parties whose representatives are entitled to participate in the conferences
envisaged in article IX, shall be communicated by the Government, for which the contract is
stored, all Contracting Parties shall, without delay after the end of the Conference, and
shall enter into force under the provisions of paragraph 1 of this article.
(c) if any such change) or add-in entry into force
under the provisions of paragraph 1 of this article) within two years from the date of
they were informed all Contracting Parties, either from the
of the parties at any time after the expiration of this period, to recognize a Government which is
The Treaty imposed on its withdrawal from the Treaty; This withdrawal from the
The Treaty shall enter into force after the expiry of two years from the date when it was about him
informed the Government, for which the contract is stored.
1. this Treaty is subject to ratification by States which have signed it. Will
open for accession by any State that is a member of the United Nations
Nations, or of any other State that may be with the consent of all the
of the Contracting Parties whose representatives are entitled to participate in the conferences
envisaged in article IX of this agreement, invited to stepped up to the
2. each State ratifies this agreement or accedes to it in accordance with the
with their respective constitutional requirements.
3. the instruments of ratification and instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Government of
The United States of America, which shall be the depositary.
4. the Government, for which the contract is imposed, shall inform all States that
Have signed and acceded to it, on the date of deposit of each instrument of ratification
instrument or instrument of accession, as well as of the date of the entry of the Treaty in
the validity and any changes or additions.
5. To all States which have signed the Treaty, ratification
of the Charter, this agreement will come into force for such States and for States
that have deposited the instrument of accession. In the future the Treaty enters into force
for any State which accedes thereto after the deposit of its instrument of
6. This Treaty shall be registered by the Government, in which it is stored, in accordance with
the provisions of article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.
This Treaty, drawn up in English, French, Russian and Spanish
language, any texts being equally authentic, shall be deposited in
Archives of the Government of the United States, which shall send certified copies to
Of the Treaty, the Governments of the States which have signed it or acceded to it.
In witness whereof, the duly authorized representatives authorised,
have signed this agreement.
Given the Washington 1. December 1959.