The Facilities Of The United Nations Educational, Scientific And Public Education

Original Language Title: o zřizení Organizace Spojených národů pro výchovu, vědu a osvětu

Read the untranslated law here: https://portal.gov.cz/app/zakony/download?idBiblio=16034&nr=196~2F1947~20Sb.&ft=txt

196/1946 Sb.



The Convention,



which establishes the Organization of the United Nations Educational, scientific, and public education.



The name of the Czechoslovak Republic. Day 16. November 1945 in London

negotiated this Convention:



(Translation.)



The Convention,



which establishes the Organization of the United Nations Educational, scientific, and public education.



The Governments of the Member States of this Convention on behalf of their peoples declare,



that, because the war is born in the mind of the people, is to be in the mind of the people

to build the defense of peace;



because the mutual incomprehension of Nations has always been in the history of the origin of the

suspicion and mistrust between peoples, thus their misunderstanding too

often degenerated in the war;



because United and terrible war which has just ended, it became possible

only the negation of the democratic ideal of dignity, equality and respect for the

human beings and will nahraditi it to the dogma of inequality of races and people

using ignorance and prejudice;



because human dignity requires, to spread the culture and education

to justice, freedom and peace, and because this thing is sacred

obligations, that all peoples must perform in a spirit of mutual assistance;



because peace, based only on the economic and political agreements

Governments, could not get the unanimous, lasting and sincere assent of Nations and

because this peace must be based on the intellectual and moral solidarity

of mankind,



for these reasons, signatární States this Convention, being determined to

ensure to all the full and equal access to education, free tracking

objective truth and the free exchange of ideas and knowledge, 27(4), on

the development and rozhojnění of relations between their peoples, so that they can mutually

better research and to gain a more precise and správnějšího of knowledge

the life of each of them.



The objectives of this Organization are based, the United Nations Educational,

Science and education, to the cooperation of Nations around the world gradually reached on

the field of education, science and education the objectives of international peace and of the common

the welfare of mankind for which the United Nations Organization was established and

which its Charter proclaims.



Article. (I)



Purpose and activities.



1. the Organization is trying to přispěti to the preservation of peace and security

through strengthened collaboration among the Nations through education, science and education, in order to

ensure general respect for Justice, the law, human rights and

fundamental freedoms for all, without distinction of race, sex, language, or

religion, which the Charter of the United Nations admits to all Nations.



2. For the purpose of Organization:



and) supports education and mutual understanding of the peoples, the propůjčujíc its

help resources serving broad information layers; It is recommended to

the objectives of such an international agreement, which it considers useful to the

facilitate the free circulation of ideas, Word and image;



(b) gives a huge boost to lidovýchově) and the spread of education; cooperation with the

Member States which so wish it, to the development of their educational

activity;



the introduction of cooperation between Nations, towards the progressive implementation of the

the ideal of equal opportunities for education for all, without distinction of race,

gender, and any economic or social differentiation;



the design of educational methods, matching to ensure that children all over the world

have been prepared on the responsibility of a free man;



(c) maintaining progress) helps and dissemination of knowledge:



care about the conservation and protection of world spiritual assets,

which of the books, works of art and other monuments of importance

historic or scientific, and by doporučovati účastněným

Nations, to negotiate the objectives of international conventions;



by promoting cooperation between Nations in all sectors of intellectual

activities, the international exchange of persons active in the field of education,

Science and education, as well as the exchange of publications, works of art, laboratory

the device and all of the information material;



the introduction of appropriate methods of international cooperation, to all Nations was

facilitate access to what each of them is issued by the press.



3. the Member States of this Organization in order to ensure the independence, integrity

and fruitful diversity of the cultures and educational Organisations

any rights of the zasahovati in any case falling substantially to

their inner powers.



Article II.



Members.



1. the Member States of the Organization of the United Nations shall have the right to be members of the

Organization of the United Nations Educational, scientific, and public education.



2. subject to the provisions of the agreement, which will be negotiated between the

Organisací and Organisací of the United Nations, approved in accordance with article X of this

of the Convention, States that are not members of the Organization of the United Nations, to be

adopted for the members of the Organization, on the recommendation of the Executive Committee,

If it is voted for by the General Assembly by a two thirds majority.



3. the Member States of the Organization that will be deprived of the rights and privileges of members

Organization of the United Nations, at its request, be deprived of the rights and privileges of membership

associated with membership in this organization.



4. the Member States of the Organization cease to be members of ipso facto,

If they are excluded from the Organization of the United Nations.



Article. III.



Authorities.



Organization consists of the General Assembly, the Executive Committee and

the Secretariat.



Article IV.



The General Assembly.



And Composition.



1. The General Assembly is composed of representatives of the Member States of the Organization.

The Government of each Member State shall appoint not more than five representatives, selected

After hearing of the National Commission, if any, or of the institutions and congregations

Educational, scientific, and educational.



(B) Activity.



2. The General Assembly determines the direction and main features of the Organization. Decides on the

the program charted by the Executive Committee.



3. The General Assembly, if necessary, convene an International Conference

on education, the sciences, the Humanities studies and the dissemination of knowledge.



4. Act to the General Assembly the adoption of the proposals, which have to be

submitted to the Member States, must--whether in between the recommendations of the Member

States and to the international conventions, which Member States have ratifikovati. In

the first case, you just need a simple majority; in the case of the second requires

a two-thirds majority. Each of the Member States shall submit to the competent

National agents recommendation or Convention within one year after

the end of the session of the General Assembly, at which they were adopted.



5. The General Assembly gives the Organization the United Nations Council on educational,

Scientific and cultural issues, the page of the United Nations, in accordance with

provisions and the way in which officials had previously approved both

Organisací.



6. The General Assembly receives and examines reports by Member States

periodically, shall be submitted in accordance with article VIII.



7. The General Assembly shall elect the members of the Executive Committee; shall be appointed by the General

the Director, in accordance with the proposal of the Executive Committee.



C. Voting.



8. Each Member State is entitled to one vote at the General Assembly.

Resolutions are taken by a simple majority of the votes, including the cases when

the provisions of this Convention, asking the two-thirds majority. The majority should be

According to the majority of the members present and voting.



D. rules of procedure.



9. The General Assembly shall meet in ordinary session every year; on

convening the Executive Committee may come to the meeting of the extraordinary. On

each session of the General Assembly shall determine the place of the next meeting; This place

each year varies.



10. The General Assembly shall elect at each meeting its President and Bureau

and shall establish its rules of procedure.



11. General Assembly establishes a special technical Commission and other

subsidiary bodies, which may be necessary to carry out their tasks.



12. Measures shall be taken so that the public could účastniti the negotiations, with the

subject to the provisions of the rules of procedure.



E. Observers.



13. on the recommendation of the Executive Committee, and subject to the provisions of the rules of

regulations, the General Assembly adopted resolution pozvati, a two-thirds

usually, the representative of the international, namely those for which the

mention in article XI, paragraph 4, as an observer on a meeting

the General Assembly or the Commission.



Article. In the.



The Executive Committee.



And Composition.



1. the Executive Committee consists of 18 members elected by the General Assembly of the

delegates appointed by the Member States, as well as of the President of the General

the Assembly, which shall meet as such with the Advisory.



2. In the election of the members of the Executive Committee of the General Assembly shall seek to

dosaditi the experts in art, literature, science and promotion

thinking, experience, and expertise required to carry out

the administrative and executive functions of the Committee. Will also take into account the diversity of

cultures and fair geographical distribution. The Executive Committee will be

can never be more than one national of the same Member

State, nečítajíc in that the President of the General Assembly.



3. Election of the members of the Committee will retain its function for a period of three years; may be

immediately following the period of znovuzvoleni, but not zasedati

For more than two consecutive periods. In the first election

shall elect eighteen members, of whom a third resigns after the first

the year of the duration of the mandate and a third after the expiry of the second year of the show
their withdrawal is specified immediately after the election by drawing lots. Later elects to

six members per year.



4. In the event of the death or resignation of one of the members shall be determined by the Executive

the Committee of delegates from the Member State concerned, which will be representative

zasedati to the next session of the General Assembly, which chooses

full member for the remainder of the mandate period.



(B) Functions.



5. the Executive Committee, acting by the power of the General Assembly, is he

responsible for the fulfilment of the programme adopted by the Assembly. Prepares daily

the agenda for meetings of the Assembly and its work programme.



6. the Executive Committee recommends to the General Assembly the admission of new members

to the Organisation.



7. Subject to the decision of the General Assembly shall establish an Executive Committee

its rules of procedure. The Bureau's elect from among its members.



8. The Executive Committee shall hold an ordinary meeting at least twice a year; may

come to the extraordinary meeting, if convened by the President to her from his

its own initiative or at the request of six members of the Committee.



9. the Chairman of the Executive Committee shall submit to the General Assembly, with

comments or without them, the annual report of the Director-General of the

the activities of the Organization, which had been submitted to the Committee.



10. The Executive Committee shall make all the appropriate measures for consultation with representatives of

International organisací or qualified persons, which

dealing with issues falling within its competence.



11. the members of the Executive Committee shall exercise the power that left them

the General Assembly, on behalf of the whole of the General Assembly and not as a

the representatives of their respective Governments.



Article VI.



The Secretariat.



1. the Secretariat shall consist of the Director-General and the necessary personnel.



2. The Director-General proposes to the Executive Committee and shall be appointed by the General

the Assembly for a period of six years for conditions to be General

approved by the Assembly. May be reappointed. The Director-General

is the highest official Organisations.



3. The Director-General or a representative of that for himself ordained, participating in the

without the right to vote in all meetings of the General Assembly, the Executive

the Committee and the Commission Organisation. Formulate proposals for measures, which has the General

the Assembly and the Committee of the exceptions.



4. the Director General shall appoint the staff of the secretariat according to the provisions of the

the personnel of the Statute, which will need to be předložiti to the approval of the General

the Assembly. Employees will be recruited on the broadest

geographical basis so that ensure the highest level of

the integrity, efficiency and technical knowledge.



5. The responsibility of the Director General and the staff shall be exclusively

international nature. In the performance of their duties will not be vyžadovati

přijímati or instructions from any Government or from any authority outside of the stationary

Organization. Avoid any action, which could kompromitovati

their position that they occupy as international officials. All

the Member States of the Organization to undertake that the Government will be the international character of the

the functions of the Director General and the staff and not on them vykonávati

influence in the performance of their tasks.



6. None of the provisions of this article for Organization in

to contract within the Organization of the United Nations special agreements for

the establishment of joint offices and on the mutual exchange of employees.



Article. VII.



The National Commission for cooperation.



1. each Member State shall take the measures appropriate to the circumstances, in order to

Organization of the work of his group were přibrány most important, dealing

things for education, scientific research and public education, if possible, by the way,

to establish a National Commission, in which the Government will be represented, and these groups.



2. In countries where they are established, are the National Commission or national

Organization for cooperation of the Advisory function of their national delegations to the General

the Assembly and its Government in all matters relating to the Organisation.

Have a role of connecting the authorities for any Organization interested in the issues.



3. at the request of a Member State may either temporarily or delegovati Organisations

the National Commission of this permanently to the State of a member of its secretariat, to

He was assisted in its work.



Article. VIII.



Reporting by Member States.



Each Member State shall be sent to the Organization in the form determined by the General

Assembly, periodic report about the laws, regulations and statistics

relating to its institutions and activities in the field of education, science and awareness,

as well as about what was done in the case of the recommendations and conventions, which

referred to in article IV, paragraph 4.



Article. IX.



The budget.



1. the budget is managed by the Organisací.



2. The General Assembly finally approves the budget and the financial

the share of each of the Member States, subject to the measures which will be

made agreement with the Organisací of the United Nations in accordance with article X of this

of the Convention.



3. The Director may, with the consent of the Executive Committee of the přijímati gifts,

links and subsidies directly from Governments, public or private institutions,

associations or individuals.



Article. X.



Contact with the Organisací of the United Nations.



Organisations will be connected as soon as possible, to the Organization

The United Nation. It will be one of its special authorities, referred to in

Article 57 of the Charter of the United Nations. This connection shall be carried out by agreement with the

Organisací of the United Nations in accordance with the provisions of article 63 of the Charter. This

the agreement shall be submitted to the General Assembly of the Organization for approval.

Museti will umožňovati a real cooperation between the two organisations for

a common goal. At the same time confirms the autonomy of Organisations in the field of its

the specific scope, as defined in this Convention. This agreement will be namely

contain provisions concerning the approval of the budget and the financing of the Organisation

the General Assembly of the United Nations.



Article. XI.



Relations with other organisations and specialized international institutions.



1. Organisations may spolupracovati with other organisations and professional

intergovernmental institutions, whose tasks and activities are in conformity with the

its own objectives. For this purpose, the Director of the power

the Executive Committee effective relations with these pulling organisations and

institutions and zříditi Joint Commission, which would have proved necessary to

the negotiation of effective cooperation. All the agreements concluded with these

organisations or professional institutions will podléhati approval

of the Executive Committee.



2. whenever the General Assembly of the Organization and officials

any other intergovernmental organization or institution having the expertise

a similar activity and scope, they see the desirable freedom

Organization resources and functions of the above organisations or institutions,

the Director may, subject to the approval of the General Assembly,

needed a permanent Alliance agreement that would suit both parties.



3. the Organization may do in common agreement with the other intergovernmental

appropriate measures to ensure organisations to be represented on their

meetings.



4. Organization of the United Nations Educational, science and education can do

all appropriate measures for the mutual consultation and cooperation with the private

international organisations which deal with matters falling within the

its scope. May požádati about performing certain defined tasks,

falling within their competence. This cooperation may also include

the participation of the representatives of the mentioned organisací in the work of advisory committees

established by the General Assembly.



Article. XII.



The legal status of the Organization.



The provisions of article 104 and 105 of the Charter of the United Nations, concerning the

the legal status of the United Nations, their privileges and freedoms, also applies to

This Organization.



Article. XIII.



Additions.



1. proposals for additions to this Convention shall become effective after the approval by the General

the General Assembly by a two thirds majority of the votes; but the additions are introduced

substantial changes in the objectives of the Organization or new obligations for Member

States will have to be additionally received two thirds of the

of the Member States. The text of the proposals for amendments will send the Director-General

the Member States at least six months before being submitted to the General

Assembly for consideration.



2. The General Assembly will be entitled to accept a two-thirds majority of the

the rules about the way in which the provisions of this article are to be carried out.



Article. XIV.



The interpretation.



1. The English and French texts of this Convention shall have the same force.



2. all issues and all disputes concerning the interpretation of this Convention shall be

made to the decision of the International Court of Justice or to an arbitral tribunal,

Depending on how the act according to its General Assembly

the rules of procedure.



Article. XV.



The entry into force.



1. this Convention shall be submitted for adoption. Instruments of acceptance shall be

deposited with the Government of the United Kingdom.



2. This Convention shall be deposited in the archives of the Government of the United Kingdom, where

will be freely available for signature. Signatures can be připojiti before or after

the submission of the instruments of acceptance. The adoption will have force only in case

It will be předcházeti or follow the signature.



3. this Convention shall enter into force as soon as it will be taken twenty of its

the signatories. The later adoption take effect immediately.



4. the Government of the United Kingdom shall notify all members of the Organization of the United
Nations taking over all of acceptance and the date when the Convention fits in

in accordance with the preceding paragraph.



On conscience subscribers assignees have signed this Convention in the language of the

the English and French languages, both texts of which are equally authentic.



Done in London, 16th November, 1945, in a single original in the

the English and the French. Duly certified copies thereof shall be sent by the Government

The United Kingdom and the Governments of all Member States of the United Nations.



The Argentine Republic: Australia:

Conrado Traverso



Belgium: Bolivia:

And (C) Salamanca Buisseret.



Brazil: Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic:

Moniz de Aragao



Canada: Chile:

Vincent Massey Francisco Walker Linares



China: Colombia:

Hu Shih J. J. Arango



Costa Rica: Cuba:

Luis Marino Perez



Czechoslovakia: Denmark:

John Michelsen Opočenský Albums.



Dominican Republic: Ecuador:

A. Pastoriza Pastoriza.



Egypt: El Salvador:

A. Fattah Amr Ethiopie Ah:

France:



Greece: Guatemala:

Th. M. Aghnides Galich



Haiti: Honduras:

Leon Laleau



India: Iran:

John Sargent And A. Hekmat



Irak: Lebanon:

Naji Al Nasil Camille Chamoun



Liberia: Luxembourg:

J. W. Pearson, And Als.



Mexico: Netherlands:

J. T. Bodet In D Leeuw



New Zealand: Nicaragua:

Ernesto Selva



Norway: Panama:

Nils Hjelmtveit E. A. Morales



Paraguay: Peru:

E. Letts



Filipina: Poland:

Maximo M. Kalaw, Bernard Drzewieski



Saudi Arabia: Syria:

Hafiz Wahba N. Armanazi



Turkey: Ukrainian Soviet Socialist

Yúcel Republic:



The South African Union: Union of Soviet Socialist

G. Heaton Nicholls republics:



United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland:

Ellen Wilkinson



United States: Uruguay:

R. E. Maceachen



Venezuela: Yugoslavia:

A. Azpurua Rodriguez, Dr. Ljubo Leontic



Prozkoumavše this Convention endorsement and we confirm it.



The conscience we have signed this sheet and the seal of the Republic of

The Czechoslovak přitisknouti.



In Topolčiankách 14 June 2006. September one thousand years the 40th devítistého

the sixth.



The President of the Czechoslovak Republic:



Dr. Edvard Beneš in r.



L. S.



Minister of Foreign Affairs:



Jan Masaryk in r.



Announces that the Convention has taken under its article XV, para. 3,

the effectiveness of day 4. November 1946 adoption of the twenty signatories to the Convention.

Instrument of ratification of the Czechoslovak Republic was stored in London

October 4, 1946, the date acquired for her efficiency.



30. June 1947 came into the effectiveness of the Convention States:



Australií, Belgium, Bolivií,-Brazil, China, Czechoslovakia, Denmark,

the Dominican Republic, Egypt, Ecuadorem, Filipinami, France

Haiti, India, Canada, The Netherlands, Lebanon, Liberií, Mexico, New

Zealand, Norway, Peru, Poland, Greece, Saudi Arabia For The Syrian Border, The,

Turkey, Great Britain, United States of America, South Africa

Union and Venezuela.



Dr. Clementis v r.



State Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.