Convention For The Protection Of The World Cultural And Natural Heritage

Original Language Title: o Úmluvě o ochraně světového kulturního a přírodního dědictví

Read the untranslated law here: https://portal.gov.cz/app/zakony/download?idBiblio=39159&nr=159~2F1991~20Sb.&ft=txt

159/1991.



The COMMUNICATION FROM the



the Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs



The Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs says that the June 16. November

1972 was taken in Paris Convention for the protection of the world cultural and

the natural heritage.



The instrument of acceptance of the Convention, the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic of Brazil

has been deposited with the depositary, the Director-General of UNESCO, on 15.

November 1990.



Convention entered into force on the basis of article 33 on the day 17. December

1975. for the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, entered the Convention in

force on the basis of article 15 of the same day. February 1991.



Czech translation of the Convention shall be published at the same time.



CONVENTION



on the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage



General Conference of UNESCO in Paris, scházejíc in 17 days. October

up to 21. November 1972, at its seventeenth session, bearing in mind that the

cultural heritage and the natural heritage are increasingly threatened with

the destruction of not only as a result of the traditional causes of decay, but also on the basis of the

the changing social and economic conditions, that the situation of members escalate

still hrozivějšími phenomena of damage or destruction;



taking into account that the shedding or destruction of any item of the cultural

or natural heritage represents an impoverishment of the irreplaceable heritage

all the Nations of the world;



considering that the protection of this heritage at the national level is often not

the full scope of resources that it requires, and due to a lack

economic, scientific and technical resources of the country, where the ownership,

that has to be protected, is located;



Recalling that the Constitution of the organization provides that will maintain,

expand and spread knowledge by ensuring the protection of world heritage and

recommending to the Nations concerned the necessary international conventions;



taking into account that the existing international conventions, recommendations and resolutions of the

concerning the cultural and natural property demonstrate the importance of

for all the peoples of the world to protect this unique and

irreplaceable property, whether they belong to any nation;



taking into account that part of the cultural or natural heritage have

exceptional importance and for this reason it is necessary to keep them as part of

world heritage of mankind as a whole;



taking into account that due to the volume and severity of new dangers

threaten the cultural and natural heritage, it is the responsibility of the international

community as a whole to participate in the protection of cultural and natural

world heritage of outstanding value that will provide collective

assistance, which, even though it will not replace the measures of the State concerned, the

serve as his effective replenishment;



taking into account, that for this purpose it is necessary to adopt new provisions

by Convention, creating an effective system of collective protection of the cultural and

natural heritage the exceptional values on the world, organised by the Standing

the basis of and in accordance with modern scientific methods;



rozhodnuvši, at its sixteenth session, that this question becomes

the subject of international conventions;



accepts this sixteenth day of November 1972 this Convention.



(I).



Definition of the cultural and natural heritage



Article 1



For the purposes of this Convention, shall be considered as "cultural heritage":



Memorials:



architectural works, works of monumental sculpture and painting, elements

or the structure of an archaeological nature, inscriptions, cave dwellings and combinations

elements that have an exceptional value in terms of world history, art, or

Science;



groups of buildings:



a group of separate or connected buildings which, because of their having

architecture, its homogeneity or location in the landscape of exceptional world

a value from the point of view of history, art or science;



locations:



the creations of man or the combined works of nature and man and the area

that includes the place of archaeological finds that have an exceptional world

a value from the historical, aesthetic, Ethnology and anthropology

point of view.



Article 2



For the purposes of this Convention, shall be considered as "natural heritage":



natural phenomena, consisting of physical and biological formations or groups of

such services, which are unique in the world of aesthetic value

or scientific point of view;



geological and fyziografické formations and precisely defined area, which

form instead of the natural occurrence of endangered species of animals and plants

the exceptional value of the world in terms of science or conservation of nature;



natural sites or precisely defined natural area the world values

from the point of view of science, conservation or natural beauty.



Article 3



It is in the scope of each of the Contracting Parties, in order to identify and define the ownership

situated in its territory in accordance with article. 1 and 2.



II.



The national protection and international protection of the cultural and natural heritage



Article 4



Each Contracting State recognizes that it is primarily the duty of the

secure the designation, protection, conservation, presentation and transmission

future generations of cultural and natural heritage referred to in the article. 1 and

2 and situated on its territory. To this end, shall take all the

the maximum use of their own resources, and, where appropriate,

along with international assistance and cooperation, especially financial, artistic,

Scientific and technical, which will be able to receive it.



Article 5



In order to ensure effective and current measures to protect,

conservation and presentation of cultural and natural heritage situated

on the territory of a Contracting State to the extent that, it will be possible and

appropriate, to seek:



and the adoption of a general policy) aimed at strengthening the role of the cultural and

the natural heritage in the life of the community, and the integration of the protection of this

heritage into comprehensive planning programmes;



(b)) on the creation of services for the protection, conservation and presentation of the cultural and

natural heritage with the relevant staff, having the means to

the performance of these functions, on their territories, where such services

There are;



(c)) on the development of scientific and technical studies and research and development

methods of work, which will become unable to act against the dangers

that threaten its cultural or natural heritage;



(d) the adoption of the corresponding legal), scientific, technical,

Administrative and financial measures necessary for the designation,

the protection, conservation, presentation and rehabilitation of this heritage; and



(e)) for support in the creation or development of national or regional

centres for training in the protection, conservation and presentation

cultural and natural heritage and the promotion of scientific research in the

This area.



Article 6



1. the Contracting States, fully respecting the sovereignty of States, on the

the territory is a cultural and natural heritage referred to in the article. 1 and 2, and

without prejudice to the rights of ownership to the designated national legal order

recognize that such heritage constitutes a world heritage for whose protection

It is the duty of the international community as a whole.



2. The Contracting States undertake, in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, that

provide its assistance in identifying, protecting and preserving the cultural and

natural heritage referred to in paragraph 1(b). 2 and 4 of the article. 11, if these States,

on whose territory it is situated, request the heritage.



3. Each Contracting State undertakes that it will not take any arbitrary

the measures, which might damage directly or indirectly the cultural and natural

Heritage mentioned in the article. 1 and 2 situated on the territory of the other Contracting

States.



Article 7



For the purposes of this Convention, under the international protection of the world

cultural and natural heritage is to be understood to create a system of international

cooperation and assistance to support States parties in their efforts to

the preservation and designation of this heritage.



III.



The Intergovernmental Committee for the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage



Article 8



1. in the framework of the UNESCO establishes the Intergovernmental Committee for the protection of

cultural and natural heritage of outstanding value, called the world

"The World Heritage Committee". It will consist of 15 Contracting States that

will be chosen by the States, which will meet to the General Assembly in

during the ordinary meeting of the General Conference of UNESCO. The number of States,

members of the Committee, will be increased to 21 from the date of the ordinary general meeting

Conference following after this Convention enters into force for the

at least 40 States.



2. Election of the members of the Committee shall ensure fair representation of the different areas and

cultures of the world.



3. the meetings of the Committee as an Advisor may participate in/HR

The International Centre for the study of the preservation and restoration of cultural

ownership (Roman Centre), the representative of the International Council for the

preservation (ICOMOS) and the representative of the International Union for the protection of

of nature and natural resources (IUCN), which can also be accessed on the

the request of the States parties to the non-existent during the General Assembly

regular session of the General Conference of UNESCO, the representatives of the other

intergovernmental or non-governmental organisations of similar focus.



Article 9



1. The term of Office of States members of the Committee-the world heritage will be

begin with the end of the ordinary meeting of the General Conference during which the
they will be chosen, and will be completed by the end of its third subsequent

the ordinary meeting.



2. the term of Office of one third of the members designated at the first election, however,

will be terminated at the end of the first ordinary meeting of the General Conference

following the meeting at which they were elected, and the term of

another third of the members designated at the same time will be terminated at the end of

the second ordinary meeting of the General Conference following the

the meeting, at which they were elected. The names of these members shall be determined by lot

the Chairman of the General Conference of UNESCO, after the first election.



3. the States members of the Committee shall be selected-as his representative the person

qualified in the field of cultural or natural heritage.



Article 10



1. the World Heritage Committee shall adopt its rules of procedure.



2. the Committee may at any time invite you to attend its meetings in order to

consultations on specific issues of public or private organisations or

of the individual.



Article 11



1. Each Contracting State shall, if possible, the Committee for the world

heritage inventory of property forming part of the cultural and natural

heritage, which is located on its territory, and conforms to the

inclusion in the list referred to in paragraph 1(b). 2 of this article. This inventory,

that will not be considered as exhaustive, will include documentation

concerning the location of this property and its importance.



2. on the basis of the inventories submitted by States in accordance with paragraph 1. 1 the Committee of the

bases, will update and publish under the name of "list of the world

Heritage "list of property forming part of the cultural and natural

heritage, as defined in the article. 1 and 2 of this Convention, which it considers

ownership of having an exceptional world value according to such criteria,

what it provides. The updated list will be sent out at least every two

for years.



3. The inclusion of the property to the World Heritage List requires the consent of

of the State concerned. The inclusion of a property located on the territory of

which the sovereign jurisdiction of more than one State claims, in any

the case will not affect the rights of the parties in the dispute.



4. the Committee shall establish, update and publish, whenever it will be

circumstances require, under the name "list of world heritage sites in

danger ", a list of the property referred to in the" List of the world

Heritage ", in which the preservation of larger operations are required and for which

assistance was requested from this Convention. This list will contain an estimate of the

the costs of such measures. To the list may be included only

property forming part of the cultural and natural heritage and

He's serious and specific dangers, such as the threat of disappearance caused by

chátráním, an extensive public or private projects

rapid urban or tourist development; the destruction caused by

changes in the use or ownership of land, big changes, which cause

It is unknown; abandonment for any reason; the outbreak or threat

the armed conflict; calamities and disasters, the menacing fires, earthquakes

and landslides; volcanic eruptions; changes in water levels, floods and tidal

waves. The Committee may do so at any time, in case of urgent need, the new

record to the "List of world heritage in danger" and such record

immediately publish.



5. the Committee shall lay down the criteria on the basis of ownership can be

belonging to the cultural or natural heritage, included in one of the

the lists referred to in paragraph 1(b). 2 and 4 of this article.



6. Before rejecting the request for inclusion in one of the two lists

referred to in paragraph 1(b). 2 and 4 of this article, the Committee shall consult with the Contracting

State on whose territory the cultural or natural property

located.



7. The Committee shall, with the consent of the States concerned, co-ordinate and promote

studies and research needed for the compilation of the lists referred to in paragraph 1(b). 2 and 4

This article.



Article 12



The fact that a property belonging to the cultural or natural heritage

It was not included in one of the two lists mentioned in the paragraph. 2 and 4

Article 11, does not in any way be interpreted so that it does not have an exceptional

the world value for purposes other than those arising from the

inclusion in these lists.



Article 13



1. the World Heritage Committee will receive and study requests for

international assistance compiled by Contracting States, as regards the ownership

forming part of the cultural and natural heritage, which is located on the

their territory is included in the lists referred to in paragraph 1(b). 2 and 4 of the article. 11

or is appropriate for inclusion in these lists. The purpose of such

applications may be security protection, conservation, presentation and rehabilitation

such ownership.



2. The request for international assistance according to the paragraph. 1 of this article shall also be

may relate to the determination of the cultural or natural property defined in the

Article 1 and 2, if the preliminary investigations have shown that further examination would

was justified.



3. the Committee shall decide on the action to be taken in case of such

applications, where it is appropriate, establishes the nature and the scope of their

help and give consent on his/her behalf to the Government have been closed

the necessary agreement.



4. the Committee shall determine the order of priorities for its operations. It will have to

memory, the importance for the world cultural and natural heritage

ownership of the requesting protection, the need to provide international assistance

ownership, which is the most representative in terms of natural

of the environment or of the genius and the history of the peoples of the world, the urgency of the work,

that has to be done, the resources available to the State on whose territory the

the property is at risk, and in particular the extent to which they are able to

such ownership to secure their own resources.



5. the Committee shall draw up, publish and update the list of objects, which

international aid has been granted.



6. the Committee will decide on the use of the resources of the Fund created pursuant to article

15 of this Convention. Will search for ways to reproduce these resources and for the

order to take beneficial steps.



7. The Committee shall co-operate with international and national governmental and

non-governmental organisations pursuing similar objectives as the Convention. For

the purpose of the implementation of its programmes and projects, the Committee may call on

such organisations, in particular on the International Centre for research

conservation and restoration of cultural property (the Rome Centre), the

The International Council for preservation (ICOMOS) and the International Union for the

the conservation of nature and natural resources (IUCN), as well as public and

private bodies and individuals.



8. the decision of the Committee taken by a two-thirds majority of the members will be

present and voting. Most of the members of the Committee shall constitute a quorum.



Article 14



1. the World Heritage Committee will assist the Secretariat appointed by the

the Director-General of UNESCO.



2. The Director-General of UNESCO, will be taking advantage of to the maximum extent possible,

the services of the International Centre for research in conservation and restoration of cultural

property (the Rome Centre), the International Council for preservation

(ICOMOS) and the International Union for the conservation of nature and natural

resources (IUCN) in the areas of their competence and abilities,

to prepare the Committee's documentation and the agenda of its meetings and will be

responsible for the implementation of its decisions.



IV.



The Fund for the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage



Article 15



1. This creates a Fund for the protection of the world cultural and natural

world heritage of outstanding value, called "the World Heritage Fund".



2. the Fund shall establish, in accordance with the provisions of the financial rules of the UNESCO

the deposit fund.



3. resources of the Fund will consist of:



and) mandatory and voluntary contributions of States parties,



(b) contributions, gifts or) links, which can provide:



I) other States;



II) UNESCO, other organizations within the United Nations system, in particular UNDP and other

an intergovernmental organization;



III) public or private bodies or individuals;



(c)) any interest attributable to the resources of the Fund;



d) funds resulting from the collections and receipts from events organized for the benefit of

The Fund; and



e) all other resources which are in accordance with the regulations of the Fund, as they are

designed for the World Heritage Committee.



4. contributions to the Fund and other forms of assistance available to the Committee may

be used only for such purposes, what the Committee determines. The Committee may adopt

posts which are to be used only on a specific program or project

provided that the Committee shall decide on the implementation of such a program or

the project. No political conditions may be associated with posts

provided by the Fund.



Article 16



1. Without prejudice to the additional voluntary contributions, the Contracting States

undertake to pay regularly, every two years, to Fund

the world heritage site, the amount of contributions, in the form of a uniform percentage

the rates applied to all States, shall be determined by the General Assembly

the Contracting States to this Convention, which will meet during the meetings of the

General Conference of UNESCO. This decision of the General Assembly

requires a majority of the Contracting Parties present and voting, which

not a declaration pursuant to paragraph. 2 of this article. Mandatory contribution

States parties to the Convention in any event exceed 1% of the contribution to the ordinary

the budget of UNESCO.
2. any State referred to in article 31 or 32 of this Convention may, however, at the time of

its instrument of ratification, acceptance or accession,

declare that it will not be bound by the provisions of paragraph 1. 1 of this article.



3. A Contracting State to the Convention, which has made the Declaration referred to in paragraph 2

of this article may at any time withdraw the said Declaration by notification

the Director-General of UNESCO. However, the revocation shall not take effect

the validity of the terms of the mandatory contribution due by the State until the date of this

the next General Assembly of the States parties to the Convention.



4. For the purpose of effective planning of its activities the Committee will be the Contracting

States which have made a declaration in accordance with paragraph 1. 2 of this article,

pay their contributions regularly, at least every two years, and should not be

lower than the posts, which should pay, if they were bound by the

the provisions of paragraph 1. 1 of this article.



5. A State party which is in arrears in the payment of its compulsory or

a voluntary contribution for the current year and the immediately preceding

the calendar year, will not be elected as a member of the Committee for world heritage;

This provision shall not apply to the first election.



The term of Office of any such State which is already a member of the Committee,

ends at the time of the elections provided for in article. 8 (2). 1 to this Convention.



Article 17



The Contracting States will assess or support the establishment of national,

public and private foundations or associations whose aim is to stimulate

the provision of the gifts on the protection of the cultural and natural heritage, as is

defined in article 1 and 2 of this Convention.



Article 18



The Contracting States will provide its assistance to international campaigns on

creation of funds organized for the World Heritage Fund under the auspices of the

UNESCO. Will facilitate collections organized for this purpose by the authorities

referred to in paragraph 1(b). 3 of article 15.



In the.



The conditions and measures for international assistance



Article 19



Each Contracting State may request international assistance for ownership

forming part of the cultural and natural heritage of outstanding world

values located within its territory. Along with their application shall submit to the

information and documentation in accordance with the article. 21, what is available and

that will allow the Committee to take a decision.



Article 20



In accordance with the provisions of paragraph 1. 2 article 13 (a). (c)), article 22 and article

23 international assistance may be provided for by the Convention provided only

in the case of property forming part of the cultural and natural

heritage, for which the World Heritage Committee decided, or may

choose to be included in one of the lists referred to in paragraph 1(b). 2

and 4 of article 11.



Article 21



1. the World Heritage Committee shall establish a procedure on the basis of the

requests for international assistance to be assessed, the exact content of the application,

that should define the measures considered necessary work, the expected

the cost of this operation, the degree of urgency and the reasons why the resources of the State

requesting assistance do not allow to cover all costs. Such requests

must be, whenever possible, supported by the reports of the experts.



2. The application for the reasons disasters or natural calamities should be due to the

the urgency of the work, already discussed by the Committee may include, as a priority,

The Committee would for such unforeseen events should have a reserve fund.



3. Before it reaches its decision, the Committee shall carry out such surveys, and

the consultation, which it considers necessary.



Article 22



The assistance provided by the World Heritage Committee may include

the following forms:



and research relating to works of art), the scientific and technical issues

resulting from the protection, conservation, presentation and rehabilitation of the cultural and

natural heritage as is enshrined in paragraph 2(b). 2 and 4 of article 11 of this

Of the Convention;



(b)) the provision of experts, technicians and skilled workers, to

to ensure the correct execution of the work;



(c) training workers and specialists) at all levels in the field

the designation, protection, conservation, presentation and rehabilitation of the cultural and

the natural heritage;



(d)) the supply of equipment which the State concerned does not own or cannot obtain;



(e) low-interest loans) loans or interest-free loans payable on fixed

basis;



(f)) the provision, in exceptional cases and for special reasons,

non-repayable contributions.



Article 23



The World Heritage Committee may also provide international assistance

national or regional centres for training and

specialists at all levels in the area of labelling, protection, conservation,

presentation and restoration of the cultural and natural heritage.



Article 24



Detailed scientific, economic and technical studies will be preceded by a

extensive international assistance. These studies suggest the State of the art

the technique for the conservation, presentation and rehabilitation of natural and cultural

heritage and will be in accordance with the objectives of this Convention. Research will also be

Search the ways of rational use of the resources available to the

the State in question.



Article 25



As a general rule will apply, that the international community will be

pay only part of the cost of the necessary work. Deposit of that State

international assistance will form a substantial part of the resources devoted to each

program or project, unless his sources were.



Article 26



The World Heritage Committee and the recipient State shall determine in agreement

closed, the conditions under which the program or project for which the

provides international assistance under this Convention. The responsibility of the

the State receiving such international assistance will continue during the

compliance with the conditions laid down in the agreement in the protection, preservation and

present ownership, which was as follows.



VI.



Educational programs



Article 27



1. the Contracting States shall endeavour by all appropriate means and

in particular by educational and information programmes, to

their peoples are increasingly appreciated and respect the cultural and

natural heritage as defined in article. 1 and 2 of the Convention.



2. The Contracting States undertake to widely inform the public about

the dangers threatening this heritage and of the actions undertaken on the

the basis of this Convention.



Article 28



Contracting States which adopt international assistance according to the Convention, shall take the

appropriate measures to ensure that he became known the importance of ownership,

that assistance was received, and the role of such assistance, already plays.



VII.



Messages



Article 29



1. the Contracting States shall inform in the reports, which shall submit to the General

UNESCO Conference on a date and in a way, what this provides on the legal and

the administrative measures they have adopted, and on other measures,

to take for the implementation of this Convention, together with details about the

the experience, which have gained in this area.



2. These reports shall be remitted to the Committee for world heritage.



3. At each regular session of the General Conference of UNESCO, the Committee will

submit a report on its activities.



VIII.



Final provisions



Article 30



This Convention is drawn up in Arabic, English, French,

Russian and Spanish, while all five texts being equally authentic.



Article 31



1. this Convention is subject to ratification or acceptance by the Member States of UNESCO in the

accordance with their respective constitutional procedures.



2. The instruments of ratification or acceptance shall be deposited with the

the Director of UNESCO.



Article 32



1. This Convention shall be open for accession by all States which are not members of the

The General Conference of UNESCO, and which asks you to access.



2. Access enters into force by depositing an instrument of accession with the General

the Director of UNESCO.



Article 33



This Convention shall enter into force three months after the deposit of the 20th

the instruments of ratification, acceptance, or access, but only for those

States that its instrument of ratification, acceptance, or access

deposited by this date or before him. For each of the other State shall enter in the

force three months after the deposit of its instrument of ratification, of the instrument of

admission or access.



Article 34



The following provisions shall apply to those States parties that have

necentralistický federal or constitutional system:



and) regarding the provisions of this Convention, the implementation of which falls within the

the jurisdiction of the federal or central legislative power, the obligations of the

the federal or Central Government, the same as for Contracting States that

they are not federal States;



(b)) regarding the provisions of this Convention, the implementation of which falls within the

the jurisdiction of the States, countries, provinces or cantons,

which are not bound by the constitutional system of the Federation to adopt the legislative

measures, the Federal Government will inform the competent authorities of such

States, countries, provinces or cantons of the said measures, together with the

its recommendation for their adoption.



Article 35



1. Any Contracting State may denounce the Convention.



2. The denunciation shall be notified in writing by the Charter imposed on the General

the Director of UNESCO.



3. the denunciation shall take effect twelve months after the receipt of notice

of the Charter and will not affect the financial obligations of the State to the vypovídajícího

the date on which the denunciation takes effect.



Article 36



The Director-General of UNESCO shall inform the Member States of the Organization,
States that are not members of the organisation, referred to in the article. 32, as well as the United Nations

Save all the instruments of ratification, acceptance or accession

referred to in the article. 31 and 32, as well as the statements of the Convention referred to in the article.

35.



Article 37



1. this Convention may be amended by the General Conference of UNESCO. Any

the change, however, will be binding only on those States that become parties to

the amended Convention.



2. should the General Conference adopt a new Convention changing the Convention

or in part, then, unless the new Convention otherwise provides, this Convention shall

It ceases to be open for ratification, acceptance or access from the date of

the new amended Convention enters into force.



Article 38



In accordance with article. 102 of the Charter of the UNITED NATIONS, this Convention shall, at the request of the General

the Director of the United Nations Secretariat, UNESCO registered in.



Done in Paris, this twenty-third day of November 1972, in two

original copies bearing the signature of the President of the seventeenth session of the

General Conference of UNESCO and the certified copy will be committed

sent to all the States referred to in the article. 31 and 32, as well as the United Nations. The above

It is the original text of the Recommendation duly adopted by the General Conference

UNESCO at its seventeenth session, held in Paris and was

declared closed the twenty-first day of November 1972. On the evidence

which we connected our signatures this twenty-first day of November

1972.



the President of the General Conference



the Director-General