Minister of Foreign Affairs
of 16 December 2002. February 1989
on the Convention on the safety and health of workers and the working environment (No.
On 23 December 2005. June 1981 was on 67. meeting of the General Conference
The International Labour Organisation adopted the Convention on the safety and health of
workers and the working environment (No. 155). Ratification Of The Convention
The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic was registered on 2 February 2005. December
1988, Director General of the International Labour Office. According to article
24 paragraph 3 of the Convention for the Czechoslovak Socialist
Republic in force 2. December 1989.
Czech translation of the Convention shall be published at the same time.
JUDr. Johanes in r.
on the safety and health of workers and the working environment
The General Conference of the International Labour Organization, which was convened
the Administrative Council of the International Labour Office in Geneva, and there met the day 3.
June 1981 at its 67. the meeting,
rozhodnuvši accept some assurances about the safety and health of
workers and the working environment, which are the sixth point of the rules
agenda of the meeting, and
stanovivši, that these proposals will take the form of an International Convention,
accepts 23 July. June 1981 this Convention, which will be referred to as
The Convention on the safety and health of workers, 1981.
Scope of application and definitions
1. this Convention applies to all branches of economic activity.
2. a Member State which ratifies this Convention may, after what the most common
consultation with the representative organisations of employers and
workers, partly or wholly exempt from its application the individual
sector of economic activity, such as. sea-going or catching fish,
If specific problems arise in the implementation of certain
3. each Member which ratifies this Convention shall indicate, in the first
the report on the implementation of article 22 of the Constitution, submitted pursuant to the international
Organization of the work of all sectors, which he took out in accordance with paragraph 2 of this
Article, stating the reasons for such exclusion, and shall describe the measures taken by the
for adequate protection to workers in excluded sectors and in
the following lays out the progress reports was achieved for the purpose of
1. this Convention applies to all workers in industries
economic activity that involves.
2. a Member State which ratifies this Convention may, after consultation with
participating representative employers ' and workers '
partly or wholly exempt from its application the defined groups
workers in respect of which there are particular problems in the implementation.
3. each Member which ratifies this Convention shall indicate, in the first
report on its implementation, submitted pursuant to article 22 of the Constitution of the international
Organization of work, all the defined groups of workers that have been
exempted in accordance with paragraph 2 of this article, giving the reasons for such
the exemption in the following messages and lays out the progress that has been achieved in
the purpose of broader implementation.
For the purposes of this Convention,
and) the term "branches of economic activity" covers all sectors where
workers are employed, including the public service;
(b)), the term "workers" covers all employed persons, including
(c)), the term "workplace" covers all places where workers
located or where you are going because of their work and which are subject to
direct or indirect supervision of the employer;
(d)), the term "regulations" includes all the provisions to which the competent authority of the
or the competent authorities have given the force of law;
(e)), the term "health" in relation to work does not mean merely the disease-free status
or disability; It also includes the physical and mental elements affecting
health, which is directly related to health and safety at work.
Principles of the national policy
1. Each Member State shall, taking into account national conditions and
practice and after consultation with the most representative organizations
employers and workers has to establish, implement and periodically
přezkušovat the overall national policy on safety and
the health of workers and the working environment.
2. the objective of this policy is to be to prevent accidents and injury to health,
that arise as a result of or in connection with the work or during it, the
that will be reduced to the minimum possible causes of virtually risk
related to the working environment.
Policy referred to in article 4 has to take account of these main areas
the activities affect the safety and health of workers and the working
and designing, testing,) the selection, replacement, position, layout,
use and maintenance of the physical components of the work (workplaces, working environment,
Tools, machines and tools, chemical, physical and biological substances and
agents, work processes);
(b) the material constituents of) the relationships between the work and the persons who carry out
work or supervise, as well as the adaptation of machines, tools,
working time, work organization and working procedures of the physical and
mental abilities of workers;
(c)) and other necessary education professional education, certification and
the motivation of the people involved in it in any way, in order to achieve
a reasonable level of safety and health protection;
(d) contacts and cooperation) at the level of working groups and of the undertaking, and on all
other appropriate levels, including the national level;
(e)) the protection of workers and their representatives from disciplinary measures against
their work carried out in good faith in accordance with the policy referred to in
Article 4 of this Convention.
In establishing the policy referred to in article 4 is necessary to define the relevant
the functions and duties of public authorities, employers, workers and
other stakeholders in the field of safety and health of workers and
working environment taking into account the complementary nature of these
obligations and to national conditions and practices.
At appropriate intervals it is necessary to examine the status of the safety and health of
workers and the working environment, either in the whole range or a specific
the area, in order to identify the most serious problems, establish effective
ways to control them, and the order of the measures to be taken, and
evaluate the results.
Measures at the national level
Each Member State shall by legislation or by other means
the corresponding national conditions and practice and after consultation with
participating representative employers ' and workers '
to take the measures necessary for the implementation of article 4.
1. monitoring the implementation of the legislation on health and safety
workers and the working environment should be ensured by appropriate and adequate
a system of inspection.
2. system of supervision is to impose the appropriate penalties for violations of
Steps must be taken to provide guidance to employers and
workers, in order to help them to comply with legal obligations.
For the purpose of implementation of the policy referred to in article 4 of this Convention, the competent
the authority or the authorities have gradually to ensure these tasks:
and) provide-where the nature and degree of hazard conditions require
for the design, construction and equipment of enterprises, their commissioning,
major reconstruction of the enterprises and changes in their destination, the safety of technical
the equipment used at work and the implementation of the procedure laid down by the competent
(b)) to establish work procedures, substances and agents, for which it is to be
exposure of prohibited, restricted or subject to authorisation or control
the competent authority or competent authorities; It is necessary to take into account the
threats caused by current exposure to several substances or agents;
(c) establish and implement management) for the notification of occupational accidents and diseases
the profession of employers, respectively. insurance and other direct
the participating institutes or persons and produce an annual statistics on
accidents at work and occupational diseases;
d) carry out investigations in cases where an accident at work, occupational disease
or other disability health, which took place at work or in connection
It shows the seriousness of the situation;
(e) disclose annually information about) the measures taken in
the context of the policy referred to in article 4, as well as about work
accidents at work, occupational diseases and other disabilities to health, to which
occurred at work or in connection with it;
(f)) to introduce or develop, taking into account national conditions and
the possibilities of system testing of the chemical, physical and biological
factors in terms of the threat to the health of workers.
In accordance with national law and practice should be
take measures to ensure that persons who design, manufacture, import, place
into circulation or transfer for any reason, machinery, equipment or substances
for working purposes,
and convinced if) it is virtually impossible that the machines,
equipment or substances do not constitute a danger to the safety and health of
people that use them properly;
(b)) to deliver information for proper placement and use of machinery and equipment,
as well as the proper use of the substances, threats that are associated with
machinery and equipment, and on the hazardous properties of chemicals,
physical and biological agents or products and learning how to
protect against known threats;
(c) undertake research and investigation) or otherwise informed of the development of the
Scientific and technical knowledge, in order to meet their obligations under the
the provisions in points) and b) of this article.
A worker who ignored her work, about where he reasonably considers that the
immediately and seriously endangering his life or health shall be in accordance
with national conditions and practice, protect from neospravedlněnými
Steps must be taken to make the way to the corresponding national
conditions and practices promote the concept of safety issues and protection
health at work and the working environment in programmes of education and
vocational education at all levels, including higher technical,
medical and vocational education, so as to meet the needs of
training of all workers.
1. in order to ensure the coherence of the policy referred to in article 4 of this
the Convention and the measures taken for the implementation of this policy, each Member
the State has, after consultation with the most representative of what nejčasnějším
the organisations of employers and workers and capital. with any other appropriate
authorities to accept the provisions of the relevant national circumstances and
practice to ensure the necessary co-ordination between various authorities and bodies,
to implement parts II and III of this Convention.
2. whenever circumstances so require and national conditions and practice it
allow you to have such measures include the establishment of a central authority.
Measures at the level of the enterprise
1. The employers should be required to the extent it is virtually
feasible, workplaces, machinery, equipment and working practices that
subject to their control do not jeopardise the safety and health of workers.
2. The employers should be required to the extent it is virtually
practicable, the chemical, physical and biological agents and substances,
under their control, does not endanger the health, if it is
ensured appropriate protection.
3. The employers should be required, if necessary,
provide appropriate protective clothing and protective equipment to
the extent to which it is practically feasible, was preceded by threats from
injuries or effects harmful to health.
At any time, at the same time, several undertakings pursuing an activity in the same workplace,
to cooperate in the implementation of the provisions of this Convention.
The employers should be required to, if necessary,
do the measures to confront any sudden cases and accidents, including the
resources sufficient to cope with first aid.
Steps must be taken at the level of the undertaking under which
and the staff in their work) work together to fulfil the obligations that
has the employer;
(b) workers ' representatives in the undertaking) shall cooperate with the employer in the
Department of health and safety at work;
(c) representatives of workers in an enterprise) will receive sufficient information about
the measures that the employer has made to ensure safety and health,
and they can be with their representative organizations to discuss under the
the condition that it shall not disclose commercial secrets;
d) workers and their representatives in the undertaking shall be suitably instructed in the
the field of safety and health at work;
e) workers or their representatives, and or. their representative
Organization in the company will be entitled under the national law
legislation and practice to check all pages in the safety and health
health associated with their work and the employer will be with them these things
discuss; for this purpose, can be the expert hired by mutual agreement
advisers to the unemployed in the undertaking;
(f)) shall immediately notify the worker to his immediate supervisor any
the situation which the law may believe that poses an immediate and
a serious threat to his life or health, and the employer, until
fails to remedy, if it is to be, cannot request personnel,
to continue the work in circumstances in which it takes the immediate and serious
danger to life or health.
The collaboration of employers and workers and, respectively. or their representatives in
the undertaking is to be an essential element of organisational and other measures
made in the implementation of articles 16 to 19 of this Convention.
Measures concerning safety and health at work shall not be
associated with any expense accounts for workers.
This Convention nereviduje no existing international Convention or
recommendation on the work.
The formal ratifications of this Convention shall be communicated to the Director-
The International Labour Office and written by him.
1. this Convention undertakes to only the Member States of the international organization
labour, whose ratification has been registered by the Director General.
2. Shall take effect twelve months after the date the Director writes
the ratification of the two Member States.
3. For each Member State, this Convention shall take effect twelve
months from the date on which its ratification has been registered.
1. each Member which has ratified this Convention may denounce it
After the expiration of ten years from the date on which this Convention first acquired
the effectiveness of written communication, the Director General of the International Office
work that is writes. Denunciation shall take effect one year after the date on which the
It was registered.
2. each Member State that has ratified this Convention and which does not apply
rights to terminate her under this article during the year following
the expiry of the period of ten years, as indicated in the previous paragraph, the
bound by the Convention for the next ten-year period and then it will be able to terminate
on the expiry of the 10-year period, under the conditions laid down in this
1. the Director General of the International Labour Office shall notify all Member
States, the International Labour Organisation the ratification of, and writing all the testimony,
members of the Organization shall communicate to him.
2. When the Member States of the Organization to communicate to write the last
ratification required to ensure that the Convention came into force, the Director-General
notify the Member States of the Organization to the date when this Convention enters into
Director General of the International Labour Office shall notify the
the Secretary-General of the United Nations for registration in accordance with article 102
The Charter of the United Nations full particulars of all ratifications and denunciations,
which enrolled under the provisions of the preceding articles.
Always, if deemed necessary, the Governing Board of the International Office
work shall submit to the General Conference a report on the implementation of this Convention, and
examine whether it is advisable to put on the agenda of the General Conference
the question of its full or partial revision.
1. the General Conference adopt a new Convention revising all or
partly this Convention and does not appoint a new Convention:
and the new Convention revising) the ratification by a Member State will result ipso jure
immediate denunciation of this Convention, notwithstanding the provisions of article 25,
with the proviso that the new revising Convention enters into force;
(b)), from the time when the new revising Convention enters into force, this Convention
Member States shall cease to be open to ratification.
2. This Convention shall remain in force in its form and content for those
Member States which have ratified it, and that have not ratified the revising
The English and French texts of this Convention are equally authentic.