About The Communications Systems Of The Deaf And Deafblind People

Original Language Title: o komunikačních systémech neslyšících a hluchoslepých osob

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Read the untranslated law here: https://portal.gov.cz/app/zakony/download?idBiblio=46706&nr=155~2F1998~20Sb.&ft=txt

155/1998 Sb.



LAW



of 11 December 1997. June 1998



about the communications systems of the deaf and Deafblind people



Change: 384/2008 Sb.



Change: 329/2011 Sb.



Parliament has passed the following Act of the United States:



PART THE FIRST



§ 1



Introductory provisions



(1) this Act regulates the use of the communication of the deaf and

DeafBlind people as their means of communication.



(2) the deaf and deafblind persons have the right freely to choose from

communication systems referred to in this law, the one that corresponds to the

their needs. Their choice must be as far as possible

respected so that they have the ability to equal and effective participation in the

all walks of life of society and in the implementation of their statutory

rights.



the title launched



§ 2



Definition of key terms



(1) for the deaf, for the purposes of this Act, shall be considered as persons who

hear from birth, or have lost your hearing before developing spoken speech,

or people with full or practical deafness that lost hearing after

development of speech, and those hard of hearing aids, for which the scope and

the character of the auditory disability does not allow users to fully understand

speech hearing.



(2) for the purposes of the present law shall be considered as persons with

simultaneous hearing and vision impairments of varying degrees, type and time of developing,

for which the scope and nature of simultaneous auditory and visual impairment

does not allow for the full development of the speech, or does not allow

full speech communication.



§ 3



The communication of deaf and Deafblind people



Communication systems of the deaf and deafblind persons, for the purposes of

This Act means a Czech sign language and communication systems

coming out of the Czech language.



§ 4



Czech sign language



(1) a Czech sign language is a basic communication system, the

deaf people in the Czech Republic, which it considers itself to be the main

the form of your communications.



(2) a Czech sign language is a natural and full communication system

consisting of a specific visually-motion means, i.e.. the shapes of the hands,

their status and movements of MIME, the positions of the head and the top of the

the hull. Czech sign language has the core attributes of the language, i.e.. -intentional markings,

systémovost, double breakdown, productiveness, and historical

dimension, and is stable after the lexical and grammatical.



(3) a Czech sign language can be used as a communication system

DeafBlind people in a tactile form, which lies in the perception of its

means of expression through touch.



§ 5



cancelled



§ 6



Communication systems based on Czech language



(1) the communication systems of the deaf and Deafblind people

discharges from the Czech language are znakovaná, fingerspelling, Czech

visualization of spoken Czech, written record of spoken speech, Lormova

alphabet, daktylografika, Braille, using a tactile form,

tactile and vibration method Tadoma lip reading.



(2) Znakovaná Czech uses grammatical resources of the Czech language, which is

at the same time loudly advertised or articulated. Along with individual

Czech words are indicated by moving the position of the hands and the individual

characters, taken from Czech sign language. Znakovaná in Czech

a tactile form can be used as a communication system of Deafblind

people that are proficient in Czech language.



(3) the Fingerspelling uses a formalized and steady position

the fingers and the Palm of one's hand or fingers and palms of both hands to display

the individual letters of the Czech alphabet. Fingerspelling is used in particular

the odhláskování of foreign words, technical terms, or other terms.

Fingerspelling in tactile form can be used as a communication

the system of DeafBlind people.



(4) the visualization of spoken Czech is a clear articulation of the individual

Czech words with your mouth so that to allow or facilitate lip reading

speaking of persons that control the Czech language and lip reading

prefer as a means of communication.



(5) a written record of the speech is the conversion of speech into a written

form in real time. For the needs of Deafblind is a written record

performs the enlarged font or Braille.



(6) the Lormova alphabet is touch Palm alphabet, in which

individual letters are characterized by using steady movements and touch

carried out on the Palm and fingers of the hand of the recipient of the communication.



(7) Daktylografika is to insert a rule into the large printing letters

the Palm of the hand of the recipient of the communication.



(8) the Braille using a tactile form allows you to view

letters of the alphabet touches on those two fingers of one hand, or more

the fingers of both hands of the recipient of the communication with the use of a code system

Braille.



(9) Tactile lip reading is based on the perception of speech by using

the vibration of the vocal cords odhmatávání speaker.



(10) the Vibrating method Tadoma is based on the perception of speech by using

the vibration of the vocal cords, the odhmatávání movements of the lower jaw, lips, and face

speaker.



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§ 7



The use of the communication of the deaf and Deafblind people



Deaf and deafblind persons have the right to



and communication systems) use of the deaf and Deafblind people,



(b)) education using communication systems of the deaf and

DeafBlind people,



(c) teaching communication systems) of deaf and Deafblind people that

another legal regulation ^ 1).



§ 8



(1) deaf and Deafblind people have when you visit the doctor,

official matters and in providing other necessary needs the right

the interpretation services ensure interpreting in their chosen

the communication system referred to in this Act. Conditions for the granting

the interpretation services provided by other legislation ^ 2).



(2) individuals who are deaf and people who are hluchoslepým due to full or

practical deafness or hluchoslepoty holder of handicapped or ZTP/P,

interpretation services are provided free of charge in the court proceedings.



(3) the Deaf and hluchoslepým pupils of secondary schools and deaf and

hluchoslepým students in higher vocational colleges and universities

are due to complete or practical deafness or hluchoslepoty holder

handicapped or ZTP/P, interpretation services are provided free of charge

under the conditions laid down in the implementing regulation.



§ 9



Parents whose child was diagnosed with practical or complete

deafness ^ 3) or hluchoslepota, have a right to free tuition in

courses communication systems of deaf and Deafblind people.



§ 10



The Ministry of education, youth and sports, shall issue a decree



and the conditions and scope of interpretation) services provided without charge

deaf and hluchoslepým pupils and students according to § 8 para. 3,



(b) the content and scope of courses) in accordance with § 9.



PART TWO



cancelled



§ 11



cancelled



PART THREE



cancelled



§ 12



cancelled



PART FOUR



section 13 of the



The effectiveness of the



This Act shall take effect on the date of its publication, with the exception of section 8 to 12,

that will become effective on 1 January 2004. on 1 January 1999.



Zeman in r.



Havel, v. r.



Tošovský in r.



1) § 16 para. 7 of Act No. 561/2004 Coll. on pre-school, primary,

secondary, higher vocational and other education (the Education Act), as amended by

Act No. 388/2008 Sb.



2) § 86a of the Act No. 100/1988 Coll. on social security, as amended by

Act No. 155/1998 Sb.



2) Act No. 108/2006 Coll., on social services, as amended

regulations.



3) Decree No. 207/1995 Coll., which sets the degree of health

disability and method of assessment for the purposes of State social benefits

support, as amended by Decree No 156/1997.



3) Decree No. 207/1995 Coll., which sets the degree of health

disability and method of assessment for the purposes of State social benefits

support, as amended by Decree No 156/1997 Coll. and Decree No. 62/2008 Sb.