The International Covenant On Civil And Political Rights

Original Language Title: Mezinárodní pakt o občanských a politických právech

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Read the untranslated law here: https://portal.gov.cz/app/zakony/download?idBiblio=33345&nr=120~2F1976~20Sb.&ft=txt

120/1976 Coll.



Decree



Minister of Foreign Affairs



of 10 June 1999. May 1976



of the International Covenant on Civil and political rights and the international

Covenant on economic, social and cultural rights



On 19 December. December 1966 in New York City was opened for signature by the International

Covenant on Civil and political rights and the International Covenant on

economic, social and cultural rights.



On behalf of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic were both signed pacts

in New York on 7 December. October 1968.



With the two international covenants have expressed their consent on 11 July. November 1975, Federal

the Assembly of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. President of the Republic

has ratified the International Covenant on Civil and political rights with

Declaration on article 48, paragraph 1, and the International Covenant on economic,

social and cultural rights with the Declaration to article 26, paragraph 1.

Ratification of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic have been saved

with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the depositary of the two

pacts, on 23 December 2005. December 1975.



The International Covenant on Civil and political rights entered into force

on the basis of article 49 on 23 September 2006. in March 1976, and on this day he entered in

into force for the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. International Covenant

on economic, social and cultural rights entered into force on

pursuant to article 27 on 3 June 2006. January 1976 and for the Czechoslovak

Socialist Republic entered into force on 23 September 2006. March 1976.



English translations of the two pacts will be published at the same time.



Minister:



Ing. Now in r.



International Covenant



on Civil and political rights



States parties to this Covenant,



considering that according to the principles proclaimed in the Charter of the Organization

the United Nations is the recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and

inalienable rights of all members of the human family, the Foundation of freedom,

Justice and peace in the world,



Recognizing that these rights derive from the inherent dignity of the human

beings,



Recognizing that, in accordance with the Universal Declaration of human rights is the ideal

of free human beings enjoying civil and political freedom and

freedom from fear and a lack of can be achieved only if the

such conditions will be created, in which everyone will be able to požívati their

Civil and political rights, as well as their rights of economic,

social and cultural,



considering the commitment of the States arising from the Charter of the Organization of the

of the United Nations to promote universal respect for human rights and freedoms

and to their conservation,



realising that the individual, having duties to other and to

the community, to which it is obliged to endeavour to develop and

observance of the rights recognized in the Covenant,



agree on this, as stipulated below:



Part I



Article 1



1. all peoples have the right to self-determination. On the basis of this law

the freedom to determine their political status and to freely carry out their

economic, social and cultural development.



2. all peoples may, for their own ends freely dispose of his

the natural wealth and resources without prejudice to any obligations

arising out of international economic cooperation, based on the

mutual benefit and international law. In no case shall be

a nation deprived of its own means of living existence.



3. States parties of the Pact, including those States which are responsible

the management of the nesamosprávných and the poručenských territory, will support

the implementation of the right to self-determination and to respect this right in

accordance with the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations.



Part II



Article 2



1. Any State which is a party to the Covenant, undertakes to respect

the rights recognized in the Covenant and to ensure that the rights of all individuals to

within its territory and subject to its jurisdiction, without any discrimination

based on race, colour, sex, religion, political or other

opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or

other status.



2. Any State which is a party to the Covenant, undertakes, if so

already provides existing legislative or other measures that it will take

the necessary steps in accordance with its constitutional procedures and the provisions of this

The Pact, to approve such legislative or other measures necessary

to ensure that the rights recognised in the Covenant applied.



3. Any State which is a party to the Pact, is committed to:



and) to ensure that any person whose rights or freedoms as follows

The Pact recognised are violated, effective protection regardless of,

whether the breach of its rights or freedom committed by persons acting in

official function;



(b)) to ensure that any person who seeks such protection, it should

the right provided for by relevant legal, administrative or legislative

authorities or any other authority designated by the legal system of the State

and to have the possibility of legal protection;



(c)) to ensure that the competent authorities of that protection to promote, as soon as is

granted.



Article 3



States, Contracting Parties to the Covenant undertake to ensure the equal rights of men and

women in the enjoyment of all civil and political rights set out in this

The Pact.



Article 4



1. If in an emergency, which is officially proclaimed, vulnerable life

the nation, the States, Contracting Parties to the Pact, to take measures to soften the

their obligations under the Covenant to the extent that they may require such needs

of the situation, provided that such measures are not inconsistent with their other

obligations under international law and does not constitute discrimination under

race, colour, sex, language, religion or social origin.



2. Pursuant to this provision shall not derogate from articles 6, 7, 8

(paragraph 1 and 2), 11, 15, 16 and 18.



3. Any State which is a party to the Covenant, using the law in

the meaning of paragraph 1. 1 of this article shall immediately notify through

the Secretary-General of the United Nations, other States

the Contracting Parties, of the provisions of the Covenant from which it departed, and on

the reasons that led him to it. A further communication shall take the same path to the

the date on which this measure will end.



Article 5



1. nothing in this Covenant cannot be interpreted in such a way as would make

any State, group or person any right to engage in

activity or to perform any act that would require suppression

any of the rights and freedoms recognised by this Pact or to

their limitation to a greater extent than the Pact lays down.



2. Any of the fundamental human rights recognized in any State, that is

a party to this Covenant, on the basis of law, conventions, regulations or

Customs will not be limited or cancelled under the pretext that such a Pact

the law does not recognize or recognizes them to a lesser extent.



Part III



Article 6



1. Every human being has the right to life. This right is protected by the

by law. No one will not be arbitrarily deprived of life.



2. In countries where the death penalty has not been abolished, the sentence may be

death has been declared only for the most severe crimes in accordance with the law

applicable at the time when the offence was committed, and not in conflict with

the provisions of this Covenant and the Convention on the prevention and punishment of the crime

of genocide. This penalty may be executed only on the basis of the final

the judgment handed down by a competent court.



3. If the deprivation of life is a crime of genocide, it is understood that nothing

in this article does not authorize any State which is a Contracting Party to the

The Pact, to derogate from any of the commitment, which was taken on the basis of

the provisions of the Convention on the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide.



4. Anyone who has been sentenced to death has the right to apply for pardon or

mitigation of punishment. Amnesty, pardon or mitigation of death penalty may be

granted in all cases.



5. the sentence of death will not be stored for offences committed

persons under eighteen years of age and will not be performed on pregnant women.



6. This article shall not be exercised in order to prevent the cancellation of the

the death penalty or to abolish the death penalty has been impeded by any

State; a party to this Covenant.



Article 7



No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or

degrading treatment or punishment. In particular, no one will be without their

free consent to medical or scientific experiments.



Article 8



1. no one shall be held in slavery; all forms of slavery and trafficking

the slaves are disabled.



2. no one shall be held in servitude.



3.



and matters should not be) required to perform forced or compulsory

work;



(b)), article 3. and does not prevent the exercise of hard work) in countries where it is possible to

impose a prison sentence with hard work for the crime, if it was handed down

the competent court such a judgment;



(c)) for the purposes of this paragraph the term "forced or compulsory labour"

does not include:



(i) any work or service not referred to in subparagraph (b)),

that normally require from a person who is in custody as a result of

the final valid decision of the Court or from the person who is

conditionally released from such links;



(ii) any service of a military character and, in countries where it is recognised

the refusal of military service on the basis of beliefs, any national

the service, which is under the law requires from people that refuse to military

the service from the reasons for their beliefs;




(iii) any service enforced in exceptional cases or when

the disaster threatening the life or well-being of the community;



(iv) any work or service which forms part of normal civil

duties.



Article 9



1. everyone has the right to freedom and personal safety. No one shall be

arbitrarily arrested or detained. No one shall be deprived of his liberty save in the

in cases where that happens on the basis of the law and in conformity with the management of that

It is provided by law.



2. everyone who is arrested shall be informed at the time of arrest of the reasons for

for his arrest and shall be promptly informed of the charges against him

being raised.



3. everyone who is arrested or detained on a charge of criminal

the crime, shall immediately be brought before a judge or other officer

that is empowered by law to exercise judicial power and shall be entitled to

criminal proceedings within a reasonable time or to release. There is no general

the rule that persons pending the criminal proceedings have been held in custody;

release may be conditioned by guarantees, however, that it will come to the criminal

proceedings in any other stage of the proceedings and the judgment.



4. everyone who is arrested or is being held in custody has the right to control

before the Court so that the Court may decide without delay on the Decree of

of his detention and order his release if the binding is not legal.



5. everyone who has been the victim of unlawful arrest or custody, has

an enforceable right to compensation.



Article 10



1. All persons of liberty ducks is humanely and with dignity

to the inherent dignity of the human being.



2.



and) accused persons except in exceptional circumstances are separated from the

people sentenced and treated them in proportion to the fact that their

guilt has not yet been taken;



(b) the accused juvenile persons) are separated from adults and possibly

quickly brought to justice.



3. The prison regulations shall ensure that such treatment of prisoners, the main objective

is their re-education and correction. Juvenile criminals will be separated from the

adult and gets them treatment appropriate to their age and legal

position.



Article 11



No one will be jailed only for inability to fulfil a contractual obligation.



Article 12



1. everyone who is legally present in the territory of a State, it has to

that territory the right to freedom of movement and freedom to choose their place of residence.



2. everyone has the freedom to leave any country, including his own.



3. The above-mentioned rights shall not be subject to any restrictions except those that

prescribed by law and which are necessary for the protection of national security,

public order, public health or morals or the rights and freedoms

of others and are consistent with the other rights recognized in this

The Pact.



4. no one shall be arbitrarily deprived of the right to enter his own country.



Article 13



An alien lawfully in the territory of present state which is a Contracting

a party to the Covenant, it can be expelled only on the basis of the decision to

which arrive in accordance with the law, and has the option, except when

overriding reasons of national security require a different procedure, submit

objections against his expulsion and to put their case to the review by the competent

authority or a person or persons especially designated by the competent authority

and be in front of them for this purpose be represented.



Article 14



1. all persons are equal before the Court. Everyone has exactly the same

the right to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial

the Court, in the determination of his rights and obligations and on the

any criminal charge against him. The press and public

may be excluded from the whole or part of the proceedings for reasons of morality,

public order or national security in a democratic society

or if it requires the private interest of the parties, or may be

excluded, to the extent that is required under a strict Court when

special circumstances under which disclosure of the interests of the prejudikovalo

Justice; However, every judgment in criminal or

civil cases will be published with the exception of cases, when interest

juvenile persons requires a different procedure or where the proceeding

matrimonial disputes or the guardianship of children.



2. everyone charged with a criminal offence shall be considered innocent

until there is a legal procedure proven guilty.



3. everyone charged with a criminal offence has the following minimum have

guarantees:



and) should be immediately informed in detail in a language which he understands, of the

the nature and cause of the accusation against him;



(b)) is to have sufficient time and opportunities for the preparation of his defence and to

could combine with counsel of their own choice;



(c)) to be tried without undue delay;



(d)) to be tried in his presence and to defend himself in person or

through a lawyer, which his choice; to be advised of their

rights and has be granted legal aid in any case, when the

the interests of justice so require, and without in this case alone was paying

the cost if it lacks sufficient means to pay;



e) has him be given the option to carry out the questioning or gave to hear

witnesses against him and to have the opportunity to participate and the hearing of witnesses

in his behalf under the same conditions as witnesses against

him;



(f)) has to get the assistance of an interpreter if does not understand the language or

don't speak the language, which is used in court;



(g)) may be compelled to testify against himself or to confess guilt.



4. In criminal proceedings against minors, taking into account their age and

the fact that it is desirable to seek to solve them.



5. everyone who has been proven to have committed a criminal offence has the right

that evidence and the judgment has been reviewed higher court.



6. If someone proved the offence and if the

later refuted this evidence or was acquitted on the basis of

the fact that some new fact convincingly shows that the verdict

the law had been violated, the person who has been punished on the basis of

such evidence, compensation according to the law, if it is incapable of that early

putting known previously unknown is not really totally or partially

at expense of that person.



7. Criminal proceedings may not be initiated against it, against which an earlier

prosecution for the same Act ended by a final decision of a court, which was

the accused was convicted or acquitted.



Article 15



1. No one shall be punished for an act which was not punishable by law in

a time when it was committed. The offender cannot save a higher penalty than specified in the

Save the law effective at the time when the offence was committed. The new law has

retroactive effect only if it is more favourable to the offender.



2. nothing in this article does not prejudge the punishment for any act that, in the

a time when it was committed, was criminal according to the General principles of law

recognized by the community of Nations.



Article 16



Everyone has the right to be recognized everywhere, its legal personality.



Article 17



1. no one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with private life,

family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation.



2. everyone has the right to legal protection against such interference or

attacks.



Article 18



1. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right

includes the freedom to profess or adopt a religion or belief

of their own choice and freedom to manifest his religion or belief itself

or jointly with others, whether publicly or privately, through the implementation of

religious celebrations, in worship, observance, and teaching.



2. No one shall be subjected to coercion which would undermine its

the freedom to profess or adopt a religion or belief of their own

options.



3. the Freedom to manifest religion or belief may be subjected to only

such limitations are prescribed by law and which are necessary for the protection

public safety, order, health or morals or the fundamental rights of the

and freedoms of others.



4. States, Contracting Parties to the Covenant undertake to respect the liberty of parents,

and, where appropriate, guardians, to ensure the religious and moral

teaching of their children according to their own beliefs of parents or guardians.



Article 19



1. Everyone has the right to hold their views without obstacles.



2. Everyone has the right to freedom of expression; This right includes freedom

seek, receive and impart information and ideas of all kinds, without

regardless of frontiers, either orally, in writing or in print, through art

or any other means of their own choice.



3. use of the rights referred to in paragraph 2 of this article carries with it the

special duties and responsibilities. It may therefore be subject to certain

the restrictions, but the restrictions will only be such as are prescribed by law and

which are necessary:



and to respect the rights or) reputation of others;



(b)) for the protection of national security or public order, or of public

health or morals.



Article 20



1. any war propaganda is prohibited by law.



2. any national, racial or religious hatred that constitutes

incitement to discrimination, hostility or violence shall be prohibited

by law.



Article 21



It recognizes the right to peaceful assembly. Exercise of this right must not be


in no way hindered with the exceptions laid down by the law and which are

necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security or

public safety, public order, protection of public health or

morals, or the protection of the rights and freedoms of others.



Article 22



1. Everyone has the right to freedom of association with others, the right to be based on the

protection of their interests, trade unions and access to them.



2. the exercise of this right must not be restricted in any way; the exception are

restrictions which are laid down by law and which are necessary in a democratic

the company in the interests of national or public security, public

order, protection of public health or morals or the protection of the rights and

freedoms of others. Nothing in this article shall prevent limiting by law the exercise of this

the rights of members of the armed forces and the police.



3. Nothing in this article shall not entitle the Contracting Parties to the Convention, the international

Organization of work of 1948 concerning freedom of Association and protection of

to organise to take legislative measures which would prejudikovala

the guarantees provided for in the Covenant, or apply the law in such a way

which of these guarantees, prejudikoval.



Article 23



1. the family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to

the protection of society and the State.



2. Recognizes the right of men and women to conclude within a reasonable age of marriage and

to start a family.



3. the Marriage will not be contracted without the free and full consent

the betrothed.



4. States parties of the Covenant, shall take appropriate steps to ensure that

to ensure the same rights and obligations of the spouses during the marriage, during the marriage

and when you divorce. When you divorce, shall decide on the need to protect children.



Article 24



1. Every child has, without any discrimination based on race, colour, sex,

language, religion, national or social origin, property or

genus right to such protection, which he is entitled with regard to its

the position of the nezletilce, on the part of his family, society and the State.



2. Every child shall be registered immediately after birth and gets the name.



3. Every child has the right to a nationality.



Article 25



Every citizen has the right and the opportunity, without any of the differences referred to in

Article 2 and without unreasonable restrictions:



and) participate in the management of public affairs, directly or

through freely chosen representatives;



(b)) vote and stand as a candidate in the regular election, which will be held on

the basis of universal and equal right to vote, by secret ballot

free voting procedures;



(c)) access on equal terms to public service in his country.



Article 26



All are equal before the law and are entitled to the same protection

the law without any discrimination. The law prohibits any discrimination and

shall guarantee to all persons equal and effective protection against discrimination on

for whatever reasons, for example. based on race, colour, sex, language,

religion, political or other beliefs, national or

social origin, property and family.



Article 27



In States where there are ethnic, religious or linguistic minorities,

It will not be its nationals are denied their rights, together with the other

members of the minority their own culture, professed and

show their own religion or use their own

of the language.



Part IV



Article 28



1. a Committee for human rights (in this Pact, called the

The Committee). It consists of eighteen members and shall perform the functions set out below.



2. the Committee shall be composed of nationals of the parties to the Pact, which

will the high moral character of the persons and recognised skills in

the field of human rights, and will take into account the fact that

will be useful participation of some persons having legal experience.



3. the members of the Committee shall be elected and acting as a private person.



Article 29



1. members of the Committee shall be elected by secret ballot from a list of people

having the characteristics prescribed in article 28 and nominated for this purpose

States parties to the Covenant.



2. Any State which is a party to the Covenant, it may propose a maximum

two persons. These persons are nationals of the State which is

He suggested.



3. any person may be proposed again a member of the Committee.



Article 30



1. the first elections shall be held no later than six months from the date on which this

The Pact will take effect.



2. At least four months before the date of each election to the Committee, with the

the exception of elections where you want to occupy the vacant post in accordance with article

34, the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall invite States in writing,

which are parties to the Covenant to submit, within three months of their

proposals on the membership of the Committee.



3. the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall prepare a list of all

the following suggested people in alphabetical order, with an indication of the States that these

people have suggested, and submit it to the States, not later than one month before the date

the holding of elections.



4. Election of the members of the Committee shall be held at a meeting of the representatives of the States which are

Contracting Parties to the Pact, convened at the General Secretary of the Organization

the United Nations at the headquarters of the United Nations. On this

the meeting, on which two thirds of the States form a quorum, the Committee are

chosen ones from the nominated persons that receive the largest number of votes and

the absolute majority of the votes of the representatives of States present and voting.



Article 31



1. The Committee shall not be represented by more than one national

one State.



2. In the election of the Committee, consideration shall be given to equitable geographical

representation and to the representation of different forms of civilization and the principal legal

systems.



Article 32



1. the members of the Committee are elected for a term of four years. The withdrawing member

You can vote again immediately, if it is designed. The official period of nine of the members

elected in the first election shall expire at the end of the second year, however; without delay

After the first election, the President of the Board at the meeting referred to in article 30,

paragraph 4, the names of these nine members.



2. The elections will be held after the expiration of the functions referred to in the previous articles

This part of the Pact.



Article 33



1. Where, pursuant to the unanimous opinion of the other members of the stop the

Committee to carry out his functions for any other reason than because of the

of a transitional nature, Chairman of the Committee shall notify the Secretary-General of the

The United Nations, who shall declare the place of that Member for the

vacated.



2. in the event of the death or resignation of a member of the Committee shall inform the President of the

without delay to the Secretary-General of the United Nations,

declares the date of death for the vacated space or the date when resignation became

the validity of.



Article 34



1. If a vacancy is declared in accordance with article 33 and if the

the term of Office of the Member to be replaced within six months before

from this publication, the Secretary General of the United Nations

each State shall inform the participant of this Pact, which within two months

may submit a proposal in accordance with article 29 to fill the vacancy.



2. the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall prepare a list of

the suggested people in alphabetical order and submit it to the States, which are

Contracting Parties to the Pact. The election to fill the vacancy shall be

take place according to the relevant provisions of this part of the Pact.



3. Member of the Committee elected to the vacancy, which was published by the

Article 33, it will perform the function for the rest of the period, which accounted for

a member who uprázdnil place in the Committee under the provisions of the said

article.



Article 35



Members of the Committee shall receive, with the approval of the General Assembly of the Organization

United Nations remuneration from the resources of the United Nations

conditions to be decided by the General Assembly, bearing in mind the

the importance and responsibility of the Committee.



Article 36



The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall provide the necessary device

and equipment for the effective carrying out of the functions of the Committee under the Pact.



Article 37



1. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall convene the first meeting of the

The Committee at the headquarters of the United Nations.



2. After this first meeting, the Committee will meet, as will be set out in the

its rules of procedure.



3. The Committee shall normally meet at the headquarters of the United Nations

or in the Office of the United Nations in Geneva.



Article 38



Each Member of the Committee, before taking up his duties, shall take

a solemn declaration at a public meeting of the Committee that will perform the

his functions impartially and conscientiously.



Article 39



1. The Committee shall elect its officers for a term of two years. These can be

eligible for re-election.



2. the Committee shall draw up its own rules of procedure, which shall determine, inter alia, that:



and the twelve members of the Committee form a) quorum;



(b) decisions of the Committee are taken) by a majority vote of the members present.



Article 40



1. States parties to the Covenant, to undertake to

report on the measures it has taken to putting the rights recognised in this

The Pact, in life, and on the progress made in the use of these rights

achieved by:



a) within one year from the date on which have become participants in the Covenant;



(b)), then at any time when the Committee's requests.



2. All reports shall be submitted to the Secretary-General of the Organization

The United Nations, which is to submit to the Committee for examination. In the news,

point out any facts and difficulties relating to the implementation of the

This Pact.




3. the Secretary-General of the United Nations may, on the basis of

consultation with the Committee, forward to the competent organizations of the UNITED NATIONS professional prints

those parts of the messages that relate to their areas of competence.



4. the Committee shall examine the reports which have been presented to him. States that

are parties to the Covenant, shall submit his report and General

the comments which it considers appropriate. The Committee may these comments together with the

copies of the messages that it receives from the States which are Contracting Parties to the

The Pact also present the economic and Social Council.



5. States, Contracting Parties to the Pact, may submit to the Committee any

comments to comments that may be made in accordance with paragraph 4 of this

article.



Article 41



1. A State which is a party to the Covenant, it may, on the basis of this article

at any time declare that it recognizes the competence of the Committee to accept and consider

notification of one State that another State has failed to fulfil its obligations under the

This Pact. The Committee may adopt on the basis of this article and to assess the

notification only if the State which declared that

recognises the jurisdiction of the Committee. The Committee has not taken any notice, if

refers to a State which has not made such a declaration. With the announcements made by the

pursuant to this article shall be treated as follows:



and) State, which shall provide the notification received within three months of a State which is

submit a written explanation or statement which is to contain,

If appropriate depending on the nature of things, information about the

corrective actions shall be carried out or has already been made.



(b)) the two States are entitled to refer the matter to the Committee, if it is not able to

their satisfaction within six months after the State received the original

the notification. State which does so shall inform the next to the Second Committee

State.



(c)), the Committee will deal with the matter that he was referred to, only

When it finds that have been used and exhausted all available

remedies, in accordance with the generally accepted principles of international

rights. This procedure will be followed in the event that the axle is

unreasonably delaying.



(d)), the Committee examines the notification made pursuant to this article on a non-public

meetings.



(e)) in order to achieve a friendly settlement on the basis of respect for human

rights and fundamental freedoms as recognized in the Covenant, the Committee-with the

subject to the provisions of subparagraph (c))-provide a good service to States

which are parties to the Pact.



(f)), the Committee may call upon the States parties referred to in subparagraph (b)), to

provide any important information in each case which is

referred to the.



(g)) the participating States referred to in subparagraph (b)) have the right to be represented

When discussing the matter by the Committee and to express themselves orally or in writing.



(h)), the Committee shall submit a report within twelve months of the date on which it received the

the notification referred to in subparagraph (b)):



(i) if it reaches settlement referred to in subparagraph (e)), the Committee will limit their

the message on the succinct presentation of the facts and of the solution reached.



(ii) if it reaches the settlement referred to in subparagraph (e)), the Committee will limit the

your message to a succinct presentation of the facts; written observations and

a protocol containing the oral submissions made by the States parties to this

The Pact will be attached to the message. Report shall be transmitted to States which

refers to.



2. the provisions of this article shall enter into force when States, the Contracting

the parties of the Pact, shall make a declaration in accordance with paragraph 1 of this article. This

declaration deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations,

who shall transmit copies thereof to the other States, the participants in the Pact.

The statement may be withdrawn at any time, by notification addressed to the

the Secretary-General. The appeal does not prejudge the consideration of any matter which

is the subject of a notification already submitted under this article. Then, what

the Secretary-General received a communication from which the Declaration refers,

You cannot receive any more notifications of any State which is a Contracting

a party to the Pact, if a State which does not make a new declaration appealed,

statement.



Article 42



1.



and if the thing transferred Committee) on the basis of article 41 is not resolved to the

the satisfaction of the States parties of the Covenant to which it relates, the Committee may

created with the preliminary consent of the States concerned, the ad hoc Conciliation Commission

(hereinafter called the Commission). In order to achieve a friendly settlement on the basis of

respect for the Pact, good service, the Commission States, the Contracting

the parties to the Pact, which it refers to.



(b)), the Commission shall consist of five persons acceptable to the States parties to the

the Pact, which has concerned. If these States

do not reach agreement within three months on the composition of the Commission, members of the Commission,

on which no agreement was reached, the Committee shall be elected by a two thirds majority

from among its members by secret ballot.



2. the members of the Commission Act in its functions as a private person. A member of the

The Commission cannot be a national of a State which is a matter of prejudice,

or state that has not made the declaration under article 41.



3. the Commission shall elect its Chairman and adopt its rules of procedure.



4. the Commission shall meet at the headquarters of the United Nations or in the Office

The United Nations in Geneva. However, it can sit on a different

a suitable location, which shall determine, after consultation with the Secretary General of the Organization of the

the United Nations and the States concerned.



5. the secretariat established by article 36 will also work for

the Commission appointed under this article.



6. The information that the Committee collected, shall provide to the Commission. The Commission may,

call upon the States concerned to supply any other

important information.



7. when the Commission will examine the matter fully, but in any case

no later than twelve months after, when things take, shall submit to the

the Chairman of the Committee a report for States, which refers to:



and if the Commission is unable to complete) assessment within 12 months,

limit your message to a brief statement on his condition.



(b)) If friendly settlement on the basis of respect for the

human rights, as it recognises the Pact, its report to the Commission on the limits

concise summary of the facts and of the solution reached.



(c)) if the Commission reaches the solution referred to in subparagraph (b)), will include its

report of the results of the investigation of all questions relating to disputes and her views

on the possibility of an amicable settlement. This report also includes a written

representation of the States concerned.



(d) report of the Commission) if it is submitted in accordance with subparagraph (c)), it shall inform the

the States concerned within three months of receipt of the report

Chairman of the Committee on whether to approve the contents of the report from the Commission or not.



8. the provisions of this article neprejudikují the obligation of the Committee referred to in

Article 41.



9. The States concerned will participate in the expenses of the

members of the Commission in equal shares, according to the preliminary estimation of the

Secretary-General of the United Nations.



10. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall be empowered to

If it is necessary to pay the expenses of members of the Commission-until these expenses

will not be paid in accordance with paragraph 9 of this article states that are affected.



Article 43



Members of the Committee and the ad hoc conciliation by the Commission, which shall, where appropriate, established

under article 42, shall enjoy the privileges and immunities of experts of the United

Nations, as enshrined in the Convention on the privileges and immunities of the Organization

of the United Nations.



Article 44



Implementing provisions of the Pact, leaving intact the provisions on the management of

the human rights contained in the basic documents and conventions

The United Nations and the specialized agencies and shall not prevent the

States, Contracting Parties to the Pact, use other means for the settlement of

the dispute in accordance with General or special international agreements,

which are in force between them.



Article 45



The Committee shall submit an annual report on its activities to the General Assembly

The United Nations, through the economic and social

of the Council.



Part V



Article 46



Nothing in this Covenant may be interpreted as if it weakened the

the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations and the statutes of its

professional organizations, which define the responsibilities of the various organs

The United Nations and its specialized agencies in the field,

discussed in this Pact.



Article 47



Nothing in this Covenant may be interpreted as if it weakened the

the natural right of all peoples to enjoy fully and freely their natural

wealth and resources.



Part VI



Article 48



1. the present Covenant is open for signature by any Member State of the Organization

the United Nations or member of any of its specialized agencies,

any State participant Statute of the International Court of Justice, and

of any other State, that was by the General Assembly of the Organization

the United Nations is invited to become a participant in the Pact.



2. This Pact will be ratified. The instruments of ratification shall be deposited with

the Secretary-General of the United Nations.



3. the present Covenant is open access of any State referred to in

paragraph 1 of this article.



4. access shall be effected by an instrument of accession with the

Secretary-General of the United Nations.



5. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall inform all


States which have signed this Covenant or acceded to, imposing a

each instrument of ratification or accession.



Article 49



1. The Pact will take effect three months after the date of deposit of the thirty-fifth

instrument of ratification or instrument of accession with the Secretary-General of the

Of the United Nations.



2. for each State acceding to the Pact or ratifikující it after saving

the thirty-fifth instrument of ratification or accession to the Covenant shall take

the effectiveness of three months after which the State deposits an instrument of ratification

or on access.



Article 50



The provisions of this Act apply to all parts of federal States

without any limitations or exceptions.



Article 51



1. any State which is a party to the Covenant, it may propose his

the change and submit it to the Secretary-General of the United

Nations. The Secretary General then acquainted with Amendment States,

the Contracting Parties of the Pact, with the request that it be stated that the convening of the

the Conference of the States parties to the Covenant, which would assess the proposal and

decided about it. The Secretary-General shall convene the Conference under the auspices of

The United Nations said at least one-third of the States for

its layout. Any amendment adopted by a majority of States

present and voting at the Conference shall be submitted to the General

Assembly of the United Nations for approval.



2. Amend the Pact will take effect if approved by the General

the General Assembly of the United Nations and accepted by a two-thirds

a majority of the States which are Contracting Parties to the Pact, according to their

the constitutional rules.



3. If the alteration shall become effective, they become binding for those States,

participants in the Pact, which is adopted. The other States are further

bound by the provisions of this Covenant only and any previous alteration,

they have adopted.



Article 52



Regardless of the statements made under article 48, paragraph 5, the General

the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall inform all States referred to in

paragraph 1 of the same article:



and the signatures and ratification) papers and instruments of access by

Article 48;



(b)) of the date when the Pact takes effect in accordance with article 49 and the date on which the

any amendment becomes effective pursuant to article 51.



Article 53



1. the present Covenant, of which the Chinese, English, French, Russian and

the Spanish are equally authentic, will be deposited in the archives of the Organization

of the United Nations.



2. The Secretary General shall send a certified fingerprint of this Covenant to all States

referred to in article 48.



International Covenant



on economic, social and cultural rights



States parties to this Covenant,



considering that, in accordance with the principles proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations, recognition of the

the inherent dignity and the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the

the human family is the Foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,



Recognizing that these rights derive from the inherent dignity of the human

personality,



Recognizing that, in accordance with the Universal Declaration of human rights, the ideal of free

human beings, free from fear and distress can be achieved only

If such conditions are created, they will be able to

each enjoy their economic, social and cultural rights, as well as

as well as their civil and political rights,



considering the commitment of the States arising from the Charter of the Organization of the

of the United Nations to promote universal respect for human rights and freedoms

and to their conservation,



realising that the individual, having duties to others and to

the community, to which it is obliged to endeavour to develop and

observance of the rights recognized in the Covenant,



agree on this, as stipulated below:



Part I.



Article 1.



1. all peoples have the right to self-determination. On the basis of this law

the freedom to determine their political status and to freely carry out their

economic, social and cultural development.



2. all peoples may, for their own ends freely dispose of his

the natural wealth and resources without prejudice to any obligations,

arising out of international economic cooperation, based on the

mutual benefit and international law. In no case shall be

a nation deprived of its own means of living existence.



3. States parties of the Pact, including those States which are responsible

the management of the nesamosprávných and the poručenských territory, will support

the implementation of the right to self-determination and to respect this right in

accordance with the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations.



Part II.



Article 2.



1. Any State which is a party to the Pact, is committed to taking

at the maximum use of their resources separately, even through

international cooperation and economic and technical cooperation, steps to

gradually achieve the full realisation of the rights recognised in the present Covenant, and

it by all appropriate means, including the adoption of legislative measures.



2. States, Contracting Parties to the Covenant undertake to guarantee that the rights of

formulated in this Pact will take place without any

a distinction based on race, colour, sex, language, religion,

political or other opinion, national and social origin,

property, birth or other status.



3. developing countries may, with due regard to human rights and their

the national economy to determine to what extent they would guarantee the economic

the rights recognized in the Covenant to foreign nationals.



Article 3.



States, Contracting Parties to the Pact, undertake to ensure the equal rights of men and

women in the enjoyment of all economic, social and cultural rights

referred to in this Pact.



Article 4.



States, Contracting Parties to the Covenant recognize that, in the enjoyment of those rights, which

was granted by the State in accordance with this Pact, the State may subject

such rights only to such limitations as are determined by law, and only in so far as

If it can be compatible with the nature of these rights and solely for the purpose

promoting the general welfare in a democratic society.



Article 5.



1. nothing in this Covenant cannot be interpreted in such a way as would make

for any State, group or person any right to engage in

activity or to perform any act that would require suppression

any of the rights and freedoms recognised by this Pact or to

their limitation to a greater extent than the Pact lays down.



2. any restriction or derogation from any of the fundamental human

rights recognized or existing in any country on the basis of the law,

conventions, regulations or practices will not be admitted on the pretext that the Covenant

does not recognize such rights or that it recognizes them to a lesser extent.



Part III.



Article 6.



1. States parties recognize the right of the Pact, which includes

the right of everyone to the opportunity to earn a living in his work,

which you freely chooses or accepts, and will take appropriate steps to

the protection of this right.



2. The measures to be taken by the States parties to the Covenant, to

achieve full realization of this right shall include programs

technical and vocational training and the training plans and the means to

achieve permanent economic, social and cultural development and full

and productive employment under conditions that ensure individuals

the fundamental political and economic freedoms.



Article 7.



States, Contracting Parties to the Covenant recognize the right of everyone to

just and favourable conditions of work which ensure, in particular:



and the reward that provides) as a minimum, to all workers:



(i) fair wages and equal pay for work of equal value without

any discrimination, in particular women, are guaranteed to work

conditions not worse than what men have, with the same remuneration for the same

work;



(ii) a decent living for them and their families, in accordance with the provisions of

This Pact;



b) safe and healthy working conditions;



(c)) the same opportunity for all to achieve promotion in employment on the

corresponding to a higher degree, and will not be applied other criteria,

than the length of employment and skills;



d) relaxation, recovery and reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic

paid vacation, as well as the remuneration in the days of public holidays.



8.



1. States parties undertake to ensure the Pact:



and the establishment of) the right of trade unions and the right to access

the trade unions of their choice, subject to only

the statutes of trade unions, to the implementation and protection of its

Economic and social interests. Exercise of this right must not be restricted

any restrictions except those which are provided for by law and which are

necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security or

the public order, or to protect the rights and freedoms of others;



(b)) the right of trade unions to the establishment of the national federations or

Confederation and their right to create the International Trade Organization

or to join them;



(c)) the right of trade unions to the free functioning of, not subject to

to any restrictions except those which are provided for by law and which are

necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security or

public order or to protect the rights and freedoms of others;




(d)), the right to strike, provided that it is exercised in accordance with the laws of

of the country concerned.



2. This article shall not impose legal restrictions of these rights for the performance

members of the armed forces or the police or administrative authorities of the State.



3. Nothing in this article shall not entitle the Contracting Parties to the Convention, the international

Organization of work of 1948 concerning freedom of Association and protection of

to organise to take legislative measures that prejudikovala

the guarantees provided for in this Convention, or apply the law in such a way

which of these guarantees, prejudikoval.



Article 9.



States, Contracting Parties to the Covenant recognize the right of everyone to social

security, including the right to social insurance.



Article 10.



States, Contracting Parties to the Covenant recognize that:



1. The widest possible protection and assistance should be provided to the family, which

It is the natural and fundamental group unit of society, particularly for its

establishment and when is responsible for the care and upbringing of minors.

The marriage must be concluded, on the basis of free consent of the spouses.



2. Special protection should be provided to mothers during

a reasonable period before and after the birth of a child. During this period, the

working mothers should be granted paid leave or leave with

the corresponding benefits from social security.



3. special measures should be taken for the protection and assistance to all children

and young people without any discrimination on the basis of the family of origin, or

other terms and conditions. Children and youth should be protected before the

the economic and social exploitation. Their employment papers,

that would be harmful to their morals or health or dangerous to their

life, or likely to hamper their normal development should be punishable

According to the law. States should also establish an age limit below which

children's job work should be prohibited and punished under the law.



Article 11.



1. States, Contracting Parties to the Covenant recognize the right of every individual to

a reasonable standard of living for him and his family, including

sufficient food, clothing, lodging, and the constant improvement of living

terms and conditions. The Contracting States shall take all appropriate steps to ensure

the implementation of this right, recognizing to this end, a major

the importance of international cooperation based on free consent.



2. States parties of the Covenant, recognizing the fundamental right of everyone to

relief from hunger, shall take, individually and on the basis of the international

cooperation measures, including specific programmes, which are

needed:



and) to improve methods of producing, storing and distribution of food, full

the use of technical and scientific knowledge, by disseminating knowledge of the principles of

nutrition and by developing or reforming of agricultural systems in such a

in a way, in order to achieve the most efficient development and utilization of natural

resources;



(b)) to ensure a fair distribution of world food supplies in relation

the need for taking into account the problems of both food-importing countries,

so countries that exported food.



Article 12.



1. States, Contracting Parties to the Covenant recognize the right of everyone to achieve

maximum attainable level of physical and mental health.



2. States parties shall take measures for the Pact, achieve full

the implementation of this law, which will include:



and) measures to reduce the number of miscarriages and infant mortality, and measures

to the healthy development of the child;



(b) all external pages) improvement of living conditions and industrial

hygiene;



(c)) the prevention, treatment and control of epidemic, local diseases, diseases of the

occupational and other diseases;



(d)) the creation of conditions that would ensure all medical assistance and care in

the case of the disease.



Article 13.



1. States, Contracting Parties to the Covenant recognize the right of everyone to education.

Agrees that education will be directed to the full development of the human personality and

the sense of its dignity, and the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental

freedoms.



Agree that education shall enable all persons to participate effectively in a free

companies contribute to the mutual understanding, tolerance and

friendship among all Nations and all racial, ethnic and religious

groups, as well as to the development activities of the United Nations

the preservation of peace.



2. States parties recognize that the Pact, with a view to achieving

the full realization of this right:



and basic education will be mandatory) and freely accessible to all;



b) secondary education in its different forms, including

technical and vocational secondary education, generally will be allowed and the

accessible for all and by all appropriate means, in particular, the gradual

the introduction of free education;



c) higher education will also be made available to all, in accordance with the

capabilities by all appropriate means, and in particular, the gradual introduction of

free education;



d) elementary education of persons who have not received or completed their basic

education will be encouraged or intensified;



(e)) will be at all levels actively work on development of the school system,

the introduction of an adequate system of scholarships and will be continuously improved

the material conditions of teaching staff.



3. States parties undertake to respect the Pact, the freedom of parents,

or guardians to choose for their children schools other than those

have been established by the public authorities, which conform to such minimum level

education, what is laid down or approved by the State, and ensure

religious and moral education of their children in conformity with their own

the conviction.



4. No part of this article is not to be construed as interference in the

the freedom of individuals and organizations to establish and manage educational institutions,

However, under the terms of the conservation principles set out in paragraph 1. 1 of this

Article and to the requirements that the education provided in such institutions has

correspond to the minimum level established by the State.



Article 14.



Each State party of the Covenant, which at the time when it becomes a Contracting

the party is not secure on the native territory, or in another territory

under its responsibility, compulsory free education, is committed to

develop and adopt within two years, a detailed plan of measures for the

progressive implementation of the principle of compulsory and free education for all,

within a reasonable time, which will be established in the plan.



Article 15.



1. States, Contracting Parties to the Covenant recognize the right of everyone:



and) participate in cultural life;



(b) to enjoy the fruits of scientific progress) and its use;



(c)) to enjoy the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from the

his scientific, literary or artistic production.



2. The measures to be taken by the States parties to the Covenant, to

achieve full implementation of this right, will include those

It is necessary for the conservation, development and diffusion of science and culture.



3. States parties undertake to respect the Pact, freedom,

necessary for scientific research and creative activity.



4. States parties of the Covenant recognize the benefits arising from the

the encouragement and development of international contacts and cooperation in the scientific and

cultural area.



Part IV.



Article 16.



1. States parties to the Pact, undertake, pursuant to the provisions

This part of the Covenant to submit reports on the measures taken and on progress

progress in complying with the rights recognized in the present Covenant.



2.



a) all reports shall be submitted to the Secretary-General of the Organization

the United Nations, who shall transmit copies thereof to the economic and Social Council

under the provisions of the Covenant.



(b)), the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall transmit a copy

messages or relevant excerpts of the reports of the States of the Contracting Parties of the Pact,

which are also members of professional organizations, these organizations, if

These messages or excerpts of them relate to any matter for which it is the

or she professional organisation appropriate according to their constituent

documents.



Article 17.



1. States parties shall report to the Pact, its messages sequentially according

the program, which will determine the economic and Social Council within one year from the

entry into force of this Act, after consultation with the Contracting States and the

relevant professional organisations.



2. reports may indicate factors and difficulties affecting the degree of fulfilment of the

commitments under this Covenant.



3. in those cases where the relevant information has already been submitted

Organization of the United Nations or of any of the professional organization of the State

a party to the Pact, it will not be necessary to repeat this information, but

the exact link is sufficient for this information.



Article 18.



In accordance with its responsibilities under the Charter of the United Nations

in the area of basic human rights and fundamental freedoms, the

Economic and Social Council with the specialized agencies of the UNITED NATIONS to agree to

her report on the progress achieved in compliance with the provisions of

the Pact, which fall within the framework of their activities. These messages can

include details of the decisions and recommendations adopted for the implementation of the

This task by their competent authorities.



Article 19.



Economic and Social Council may apply to the Commission for human rights


study and recommendations, where appropriate, to the General information of the message,

concerning human rights submitted by States in accordance with articles 16 and 17, or

specialized agencies under article 18.



Article 20.



States, Contracting Parties to the Pact, and the relevant professional organizations can

to submit to the economic and Social Council the comments to any of the

the General recommendation made under article 19 or reference to such

General recommendations contained in any report of the Commission on human rights,

or in any documentation, to which the message refers.



Article 21.



Economic and Social Council may submit from time to time to the General

Assembly reports with recommendations of a general nature and a summary of the information

obtained from the States of the Contracting Parties of the Pact, and from specialized agencies,

the measures taken and on progress made in the overall respect for the rights,

recognized in the Covenant.



Article 22.



Economic and Social Council may invite the attention of other organs of the Organization

the United Nations, its specialized agencies and the child folders

engaged in the provision of technical assistance, on any matter

arising out of the reports referred to in this part of the Pact, which could

help-such authorities within their jurisdiction-you decide

about the appropriateness of international measures that could contribute to the effective and

the progressive implementation of the Covenant.



Article 23.



States, Contracting Parties to the Pact, agrees that international measures to

achieving the rights recognised in the present Covenant includes such methods as the

conclusion of conventions, the adoption of recommendations, the provision of technical assistance,

the venue of the regional and technical meetings for the purpose of the consultations, as well as

I study organized in conjunction with the relevant Governments.



Of article 24.



Nothing in this Covenant may be interpreted as if it weakened the

the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations and the statutes of the professional

the United Nations, which define the responsibilities of the various organs of the Organization

the United Nations and its specialized agencies in the field, which is

engaged in the Pact.



Article 25.



Nothing in this Covenant may be interpreted as if it weakens the natural

the right of all peoples to enjoy fully and freely their natural wealth and

sources.



Part V.



Article 26.



1. the present Covenant is open for signature by any Member State

The United Nations or member of any of its professional

the Organization of any State, a participant of the Statute of the International Court of

Justice, and any other State which has been by the General Assembly

The United Nations is invited to become a participant in this

The Pact.



2. This Pact will be ratified. The instruments of ratification shall be deposited with

the Secretary-General of the United Nations.



3. The Pact is open to access any State referred to in paragraph 1.

1 of this article.



4. access shall be effected by an instrument of accession with the

Secretary-General of the United Nations.



5. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall inform all

States which have signed this Covenant or acceded to, imposing a

each instrument of ratification or instrument of accession.



27.



1. The Pact will take effect three months after the date of deposit of the thirty-fifth

instrument of ratification or instrument of accession with the Secretary-General of the

Of the United Nations.



2. for each State that will ratify the Pact or

After the imposition of the thirty-fifth instrument of ratification or instrument of

access, the Pact will take effect three months after the date of this State shall

instrument of ratification or instrument of accession.



Article 28.



The provisions of this Act apply to all parts of federal States

without any limitations or exceptions.



Article 29.



1. Any State party may propose an amendment to the Pact, the Pact and

submit it to the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

The Secretary General then acquainted with Amendment States, Contracting

the parties of the Pact, with the request that it be stated that the convening of the

the Conference of the parties to the Pact, which would assess the proposal and decided on

it. The Secretary-General shall convene the Conference under the auspices of the Organization

the United Nations said at least one-third of the States for its

the arrangement. Any amendment adopted by a majority of States present and

voting at the Conference shall be submitted to the General Assembly of the Organization

the United Nations for approval.



2. amendments shall take effect, shall be approved by the General Assembly

The United Nations and accepted by a two-thirds majority of the States,

which are parties to the Covenant in accordance with their constitutional rules.



3. the effectiveness of the changes Shall become binding for the Contracting

the parties Covenant that is adopted, while the other parties will be

Furthermore, bound only the provisions of this Covenant and any earlier amendment,

they have already adopted.



Article 30.



Regardless of the statements made under article 26, paragraph 2. 5, General

the Secretary-General shall inform all States referred to in paragraph 1. 1 of the same article:



and the signatures and ratification) papers and instruments of access by

Article 26;



(b)) of the date when the Pact takes effect in accordance with article 27 and the date on which

the change takes effect in accordance with article 29.



Article 31.



1. the present Covenant, of which the Chinese, English, French, Russian and

the Spanish are equally authentic, will be deposited in the archives of the Organization

of the United Nations.



2. the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall send a certified fingerprint

This Covenant to all States referred to in article 26.