By Which Standards Are Adopted Earthquake Resistant Buildings

Original Language Title: Por la cual se adoptan normas sobre construcciones sismorresistentes

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1997 LAW 400

(August 19)

Official Journal No. 43.113 of 25 August 1997

By which rules on Seismic Resistant Constructions are adopted.

Vigency Notes Summary

COLOMBIA CONGRESS

DECRETA:

TITLE I.

OBJECT AND SCOPE

ARTICLE 1o. OBJECT. This law establishes minimum criteria and requirements for the design, construction and technical supervision of new buildings, as well as those indispensable for the recovery of the community after the occurrence of an earthquake, which may be subjected to seismic forces and other forces imposed by nature or use, in order to be able to withstand them, to increase their resistance to the effects they produce, to reduce to a minimum the risk of loss of human life, and to defend as much as possible the patrimony of the State and of the citizens.

In addition, it points to the suitability requirements for the exercise of the professions related to its object and defines the responsibilities of those who exercise them, as well as the parameters for the addition, modification and remodeling of the system structural buildings constructed before the current law.

PARAGRAFO. A building designed to meet the requirements of the norms that regulate the earthquake-resistant constructions, must be able to resist, in addition to the forces that impose its use, tremors of low intensity without damage, moderate tremors without structural damage, but possibly with some damage to non-structural elements and a strong tremor with damage to structural and non-structural elements, but without collapse.

Care in both design and construction and technical supervision are fundamental to the earthquake resistance of structures and non-structural elements.

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ARTICLE 2o. REACH. 183 of Decree 19 of 2012. The new text is as follows: > Constructions that are brought forward in the territory of the Republic shall be subject to the rules laid down in this Law and in the provisions to be regulated.

It corresponds to the district or municipal offices or offices responsible for granting the construction licenses, the requirement and monitoring of their compliance. They shall refrain from approving projects or plans of construction which do not comply with the standards set out in this Law or its regulations.

The construction must be strictly attached to the corresponding project or approved plans.

PARAGRAFO. In any case, unless otherwise provided by law, the municipal and district authorities may not issue or require compliance with technical or construction standards other than those referred to therein. law and the provisions governing it.

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ARTICLE 3o. EXCEPTIONS. The provisions of this law and its regulations do not include the design and construction of special structures such as bridges, transmission towers, industrial towers and equipment, springs, hydraulic structures and all those structures whose dynamic behavior differs from that of conventional buildings, or are not covered within the limitations of each of the prescribed structural materials.

TITLE II.

DEFINITIONS

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ARTICLE 4. DEFINITIONS. For the purposes of this law it is understood by:

1. Finishes or non-structural elements. Parts and components of a building that do not belong to the structure or its foundation.

2. Seismic threat. It is the expected value of future seismic actions on the site of interest and is quantified in terms of a horizontal acceleration of the expected land, which has a probability of surplus given in a period of time. default time.

3. Amplification of the seismic wave. Increased in the amplitude of the seismic waves, produced by its passage from the rock to the surface of the ground, through the strata of the soil.

4. Power dissipation capacity. It is the capacity that has a structural system, a structural element, or a section of a structural element, to work within the inelastic range of response without losing its resistance.

5. Dead load. It is the vertical load due to the weight of all permanent elements, whether structural or non-structural.

6. Live load. It is the load due to the use of the structure, not including the dead load, wind force, or earthquake.

7. Home. Single-family building for housing.

8. Strong earthquake construction. It is the type of construction that meets the object of this law, through a design and a construction that conforms to the parameters established in it and its regulations.

9. Builder. 1 of Law 1229, 2008. The new text is as follows: > It is the professional, civil engineer, architect or builder in architecture and engineering, under whose responsibility the construction of a building is advanced.

Vigency Notes
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10. Floor Drift. It is the difference between the horizontal displacements of the levels between which the floor is comprised.

11. Architectural Designer. It is the architect under whose responsibility the design and architectural plans of the building are carried out and who signs or kneecap them.

12. Designer of non-structural elements. It is the professional, empowered for that purpose, under whose responsibility the design and drawings of the non-structural elements of the building and who are signed or kneecap are realized.

13. Structural Designer. It is the civil engineer, empowered for this purpose, under whose responsibility the design and structural plans of the building are carried out, and who signs them or kneecap.

14. Building. It is a construction whose primary use is the room or occupation by human beings.

15. Community Care Buildings. These are the necessary buildings to deal with emergencies, preserve the health and safety of people, such as: fire headquarters, police and military forces, facilities health, headquarters of emergency operational agencies, etc.

16. Essential buildings. These are the community care buildings that must operate during and after an earthquake, whose operation cannot be moved quickly to an alternate location, such as hospitals. of complexity levels 2 and 3 and central operation and control of vital lines.

17. Element or structural member. The structural system component of the building.

18. Structure. It is an assembly of elements, designed to support gravitational loads and resist horizontal forces.

19. Seismic forces. These are the inertial effects caused by the acceleration of the earthquake, expressed as forces to be used in the analysis and design of the structure.

20. Performance of non-structural elements. It is called the performance of the non-structural elements of the building in the event of an earthquake affecting it.

21. Use Group. Classification of buildings according to their importance for the attention and recovery of people living in a region that can be affected by an earthquake or any type of disaster.

22. Geotechist engineer. It is the civil engineer, who signs the geotechnical study and under whose responsibility the geotechnical or soil studies are carried out, by means of which the parameters of the design of the foundation, the effects of seismic wave enlargement caused by the type and stratification of the soil underlying the building, and the definition of the soil parameters to be used in the evaluation of the effects of interaction soil-structure.

23. Soil-structure interaction. It is the effect that soil properties that support building support, in addition to the rigidity properties of foundation and the structure, have in the static and dynamic response of the structure. structure.

24. Interventor. 2 of Law 1229 of 2008. The new text is as follows: > It is the professional, civil engineer, architect or builder in architecture and engineering, representing the owner during the construction of the building, under whose responsibility it is verified that this is forward in accordance with all relevant regulations, following the plans, designs and specifications made by the designers.

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25. Construction license. Administrative act by means of which authorization is granted, at the request of the person concerned, to advance the construction of a building.

26. Vital lines. Basic infrastructure of networks, pipelines, or connected or continuous elements, enabling the mobilization of electrical energy, water, fuels, information and the transportation of people and products, essential to perform the activities of the company with efficiency and quality.

27. Liquefaction. Response of the soils subjected to vibrations, in which they behave as a dense fluid and not as a mass of wet soil.

28. Seismic microzoning. Division of a region or urban area in smaller areas, which present a certain degree of similarity in the way they are affected by seismic movements, given the characteristics of the strata of the underlying soil.

29. Teluric Movement. Movement of the Earth's crust.

30. Soil Profile. They are the different layers of soil existing beneath the site of the building.

31. Owner. It is the natural or legal person, owner of the property, in the name of which the construction license is issued and who hires the different professionals involved in the design, construction and technical supervision of the structure of the building and the non-structural elements covered by this law and its regulations.

32. Designs Reviewer. It is the different civil engineer of the designer and independently of the designer, who has the responsibility to review the structural designs and geotechnical studies; or the architect or engineer civil or mechanical that reviews the designs of non-structural elements, to verify that the proposed building meets the requirements required by this law and its regulations.

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33. Registered dry seal. Enhanced mark that is placed on a construction plane and that replaces the signature of the designer responsible for the designs expressed in the. The mark he produces must contain the name of the professional, his profession and the number of the professional registration. "The Advisory Commission for the Resistant Earthquake Construction Regime" will determine the entity in charge of the registration.

34. Earthquake, tremor or earthquake. Vibrations of the earth's crust induced by the passage of seismic waves from a place or area where sudden movements of the earth's crust have occurred.

35. Design Earthquake. It is the characterization of the minimum seismic movements to be used in the performance of the resistant earthquake design.

36. Seismic resistance system. It is that part of the structure that according to the design, provides the resistance required to support seismic design movements.

37. Solicitations. These are the forces or other actions that affect the structure due to the body's own weight, non-structural elements, occupants and possessions, environmental effects such as wind or wind. earthquake, differential settlements, and dimensional changes caused by vibrations in the temperature or geological effects of materials. In general, they correspond to everything that could affect the structure.

38. Technical supervision. Technical supervision means the verification of the subjection of the construction of the building structure to the plans, designs and specifications made by the structural designer. Likewise, the non-structural elements are constructed according to the plans, designs and specifications made by the designer of the non-structural elements, according to the degree of seismic performance required.

Technical supervision can be carried out by the financial controller, when the owner's will is contracted by a construction controller.

39. Continuous technical monitoring. This is where all construction tasks are monitored in a permanent manner.

40. Roaming technical monitoring. This is the one in which the technical supervisor visits the work with the frequency necessary to verify that the construction is being carried out properly.

41. Technical Supervisor. 3 of Law 1229, 2008. The new text is as follows: > It is the professional, civil engineer, architect or builder in architecture and engineering, under whose responsibility the technical supervision is carried out. Part of the oversight work can be delegated by the supervisor to auxiliary technical personnel, who will work under his management and responsibility. Technical Supervision can be performed by the same professional who performs the financial controller.

Vigency Notes
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Previous Legislation

42. Vulnerability. It is the quantification of the potential of the bad behavior of a building with respect to a request.

43. Seismic threat zone. They are regions of the country where the seismic threat varies with respect to others.

PARAGRAFO 1o. 4 of Act 1229, 2008. The new text is as follows: > Understand by professional in architecture and engineering construction, university-level professional whose academic background enables you to:

(a) Building or materializing the construction of any type of civil or architectural project, such as construction of buildings, housing, roads, pavements, bridges, airports, aqueducts, sewers, pipelines, pipelines, polyducts, etc., which have been previously designed or calculated by architects or engineers respectively;

b) Manage, plan, organize, execute, manage and control (inspection, direction of work and/or intervention), the different constructive processes of civil or architectural projects, using new technologies and applying the constructive rules in force, provided that the project has been previously calculated and designed by civil engineers or architects respectively;

c) Produce materials for construction and research on new construction systems, innovate both techniques and constructive processes and implement environmental standards and processes in the process;

d) Implement, coordinate and assign tasks arising from preventive and corrective constructive maintenance plans;

e) To celebrate public or private contracts whose purpose is the materialization, management, planning, organization, administration or control of architectural or civil projects, such as construction of buildings, housing, roads, pavements, bridges, airports, aqueducts, sewers, pipelines, pipelines, polyducts, etc. and, in general, contracts that have to do with the construction of all types of projects that have been previously designed or calculated by architects or engineers respectively;

f) Management of construction projects, programming of works and projects, and construction and control of construction budgets;

g) Advisor on all matters relating to the materialization of civil or architectural works;

h) Carry out studies, formalities and issuance of planning and construction licenses for projects that have been previously calculated and designed by civil engineers or architects respectively;

i) Playing teaching in the area of construction;

j) Elaboration of avalanches and expertise in building construction to buildings;

k) Other that are exercised within the field of the builder's profession.

Vigency Notes

PARAGRAFO 2o. 4 of Act 1229, 2008. The new text is as follows: > From the entry into force of this law, the faculties in "construction professionals in architecture and engineering"; they will have to meet the same time intensity in seismic resistance as the established for the professional career of Civil Engineering; this in order for its professional graduates to be able to comply with the activities foreseen in the Law 400 of 1997.

Vigency Notes

TITLE III.

DESIGN AND BUILD

CHAPTER I.

RESPONSIBILITIES

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ARTICLE 5o. RESPONSIBILITY FOR DESIGNS. For the purposes of assigning the corresponding responsibilities, the definitions of the builder, architectural designer, structural designer, designer of the non-structural elements should be consulted. Geotechist engineer, reviewer of designs, owner, financial controller and supervisor, established in Title II of this law.

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ARTICLE 6o. THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE DESIGNERS. The responsibility of the designs of the different elements that make up the building, as well as the adoption of all the necessary measures for the fulfillment in them of the objective of the norms of this law and its regulations, it falls to the professionals under whose direction the different particular designs are elaborated.

PARAGRAFO 1o. The "Permanent Advisory Commission for the Resistant Earthquake Construction Regime", in accordance with the provisions of Article 39 of this Law, shall establish the minimum content of the drawings, memories and studies of the different designs, as well as their specifications.

PARAGRAFO 2o. All designs must be signed or labeled with dry seal registered by professionals enrolled and empowered for this purpose, which meet the qualities and requirements indicated in Chapter 2 of the Title VI, who will be responsible.

PARAGRAFO 3o. All designs should look at the rules on removing architectural barriers for disabled and elderly people.

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ARTICLE 7o. FASTENING OF THE CONSTRUCTION TO THE PLANES. The architectural and structural plans that are presented for obtaining the construction license must be equal to those used in the construction of the work. At least one copy of these must remain in the file of the administrative department or district or municipal office in charge of the issue of the building license.

PARAGRAFO. All architectural and structural plans must include rules on the removal of architectural barriers for disabled and elderly people.

CHAPTER II.

OTHER DESIGN AND BUILD ALTERNATE MATERIALS AND METHODS

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ARTICLE 8o. USE OF ALTERNATE MATERIALS AND METHODS. The use of structural materials, design methods and methods of construction other than those prescribed in this law and its regulations is permitted, provided that the requirements laid down in the (i)

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ARTICLE 9o. ALTERNATE MATERIALS. The use of structural materials not provided for in this law and its regulations is permitted by prior authorization of the "Permanent Advisory Commission for the Regime of Resistant Earthquake Constructions" in the terms of the Article 14, subject to the regime of responsibilities established in this law and its regulations.

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ARTICLE 10. ALTERNATIVE METHODS OF ANALYSIS AND DESIGN. The use of methods of analysis and structural design different from those prescribed by this law and its regulations is permitted as long as the structural designer presents evidence showing that the The proposed alternative complies with its purposes for safety, durability and especially seismic resistance, and is also subject to one of the following procedures:

1. Present with the necessary documents for obtaining the building license of the building, the demonstrative evidence and a memorial in which unequivocally accepts responsibility for the methodologies of analysis and design alterns, or

2. Obtain a prior authorization from the "Permanent Advisory Commission for the Resistant Earthquake Construction Regime", in accordance with the provisions of Article 14, which allows it to be used, subject to the of responsibilities set out in this law and its regulations.

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ARTICLE 11. ALTERNATE CONSTRUCTION METHODS. The use of alternate methods of construction and covered materials is permitted, but the constructive methodology is different from the one prescribed by these methods, provided the structural designer and the builder On the whole, they present a memorial in which they unequivocally accept the responsibilities arising from the alternative methodology of cons-truction.

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ARTICLE 12. PREVIEW SYSTEMS. The use of seismic resistance systems that are composed, in whole or in part, by prefabricated elements that are not covered by this law is permitted, provided that they comply with one of the Following procedures:

1. Use the seismic design criteria presented in Title A of the regulation, in accordance with the provisions of article 46 of this law.

2. Obtain prior authorization from the "Permanent Advisory Commission for the Resistant Earthquake Construction Regime", in accordance with the provisions of Article 14, which allows it to be used, which does not exempt of the regime of responsibilities laid down in this Law and its Regulations.

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ARTICLE 13. OTHER SYSTEMS, METHODOLOGIES OR MATERIALS. Any design and construction system that refers to the object of this law and its regulations, of which there is evidence obtained by use, analysis or experimentation that it is capable of to fulfil its purposes but does not meet one or more specific requirements of the law and its regulations, may be presented to the district or municipal unit in charge of the issue of the construction licenses, accompanied by an authorization of the "Permanent Advisory Commission for the Resistant Earthquake Construction Regime," according to the provisions of Article 14, which does not exempt from the regime of responsibilities established by this law and its regulations.

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ARTICLE 14. CONCEPTS OF THE "PERMANENT ADVISORY COMMISSION FOR THE REGIME OF RESISTANT EARTHQUAKE CONSTRUCTIONS". Based on the evidence presented on the suitability of the seismic resistance system and the proposed scope for its use, the " Commission Permanent Advisor to the Resistant Earthquake Construction Regime, " will issue a concept on the use of materials, methods and systems included in this law and its regulations.

TITLE IV.

REVIEWING DESIGNS

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ARTICLE 15. ENFORCEMENT. The Curator or the district or municipal offices or offices in charge of issuing the licenses, must first state that the proposed building meets the requirements of this law and its regulations, by reviewing the plans, memoirs and studies of the different designs mentioned in Title III.

PARAGRAFO. 3 of Law 1796 of 2016. The new text is the following: > The revision of the structural designs of the buildings whose property or premises allow to exceed more than two thousand square meters of area constructed, regardless of their use, will be realized at the cost of who applies for the license, with a particular professional, qualified for that purpose, in accordance with the requirements laid down in Chapter III Title VI of this law, different from the designer and independently of him, which after corrected the adjustments requested by the minutes of observations issued by the urban curator or the dependence of the municipal or district administration in charge of the issue of construction licenses, by means of a memorial addressed to it will certify the scope of the review carried out, the compliance with the norms of the present law and its regulatory decrees and shall sign the plans and other technical documents as a record of having carried out the review.

The professional in charge of the revision of the structural designs will be chosen autonomously by the applicant of the license.

This review may also be performed by legal persons who have qualified, accredited, and registered personnel who meet the requirements defined in this law for the review of structural designs.

When differences are presented between the structural designer and the project reviewer, they will be resolved in accordance with the regulation to be adopted by the national government.

For buildings to be subject to technical supervision in accordance with the provisions of Title V of this Law and its regulatory decrees and which are located in municipalities and districts where the curator's figure is not available urban, the revision of the present paragraph will be carried out at the expense of those who apply for the license and will be exercised by independent professionals or by the urban curator of the nearest municipality of the same department, in the terms and conditions to establish the national government through the Ministry of Housing, City and Territory.

The revision of the structural designs of buildings whose premises or premises do not allow to exceed more than two thousand square meters of built-up area, regardless of their use, will have to comply with the totality of the envisaged norms in this law and its regulatory decrees, reciting the responsibility on the structural designer, the owner of the property or the owner or the builder in the case of the autonomous heritages holders of the rights of domain that have been appointed in the respective contract of trust, in accordance with the provisions of the the law on the matter, and the holder of the construction licence. Without prejudice to the foregoing, a review of the structural project by those responsible for studying and issuing the licenses will be carried out during the license process.

When the construction that is intended to develop has less than two thousand square meters of area built, but count on the possibility of processing extensions that allow to reach the two thousand square meters demanded, in the Initial evaluation of the structural design will be analyzed if the same supports the future enlargement in which case the building despite having less than two thousand square meters, it will have to have the structural revision of this article.

When in one or more premises different buildings are approved which together exceed two thousand (2,000) square meters of constructed area, each one of them independently of its constructed area will have to have the structural revision required in this article.

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ARTICLE 16. SCOPE AND PROCEDURE OF THE REVIEW. The scope and procedures for reviewing the designs will be defined by the "Permanent Advisory Commission for the Resistant Earthquake Construction Regime", in accordance with the provisions of the Article 42 of this law.

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ARTICLE 17. DESIGN REVIEWER SUITABILITY. The revision of the designs shall be carried out by professionals who meet the qualities and requirements set out in Chapter 3 of Title VI of this Law.

TITLE V.

TECHNICAL CONSTRUCTION MONITORING

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ARTICLE 18. ENFORCEMENT. 4 of Act 1796 of 2016. The new text is as follows: > Buildings for which more than two thousand square metres of built-up area can be exceeded, regardless of their use, must be subject to independent technical supervision of the manufacturer. in accordance with the provisions of this Title and the corresponding regulatory decrees.

The buildings whose premises or premises do not allow to exceed more than two thousand square meters of built-up area, regardless of their use, must be executed as approved in the construction license. on the builder, structural designer, and those who have held the ownership of the predium and the construction license. In cases where, by virtue of the existence of an autonomous patrimony, the trustee who holds the ownership of the property and/or the building license, the person responsible for the trust contract must be provided with this obligation.

In any case, the structural designer or geotecnist engineer may require technical supervision of the buildings whose complexity, special constructive procedures or material materials make it necessary, by entering this requirement by means of a memorial to be attached to the structural project and/or the corresponding geotechnical study.

When the construction that is intended to develop has less than two thousand square meters of area built, but count on the possibility of processing extensions that allow to reach the two thousand square meters demanded, in the Initial evaluation of the structural design will be analyzed if the same supports the future enlargement in which case the building despite having less than two thousand square meters, must have the technical supervision.

When in one or more premises different buildings are approved which together exceed two thousand (2,000) square meters of constructed area, each one of them independently of its constructed area must have the technical supervision required in this article.

PARAGRAFO 1o. It is for the national government to define the functions, scope, procedures, documents, and responsibilities related to the technical oversight of this law.

PARAGRAFO 2o. The structures that are designed and built are excluded following the recommendations presented in the One-and Two-story Housing E Title of the NSR-10 Seismic Standard.

PARAGRAFO 3o. The monitoring of this article will be required without prejudice to the obligation of the builder to perform all quality controls that this law and its regulations require to ensure that the building is executed in accordance with the plans, designs and technical specifications approved in the respective license. To this end, the builder, during the development of the work, must have the participation of the structural designer of the project and of the geotechist engineer responsible for the plans and approved studies, who will have to attend the consultations and clarifications requested by the builder and/or the technical supervisor. Such consultations and clarifications shall be recorded and documented in the process of monitoring the work.

PARAGRAFO 4o. The monitoring of this article may also be performed by legal persons with qualified, accredited and registered personnel who meet the requirements defined herein. law to perform technical monitoring.

When differences are presented between the builder and the project's technical supervisor, they will be resolved in accordance with the regulation to be adopted by the national government.

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ARTICLE 19. BUILDINGS THAT DO NOT REQUIRE TECHNICAL SUPERVISION. 5 of Act 1796 of 2016. The new text is as follows: > In those buildings which, in accordance with the previous article, are exempt from independent technical supervision, the builder has the obligation to carry out the minimum quality controls that this law and its regulations require to ensure that the building is executed in accordance with the plans, designs and technical specifications approved in the respective license. To this end, the builder, during the development of the work, must have the participation of the structural designer of the project and of the geotechist engineer responsible for the plans and approved studies, who will have to attend the consultations and clarifications requested by the builder. Such consultations and clarifications shall be recorded and documented in the process of execution of the work.

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ARTICLE 20. COMMUNITY CARE BUILDINGS. Community care buildings, regardless of their area, must be subject to technical supervision.

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ARTICLE 21. SCOPE OF TECHNICAL SUPERVISION. The scope, procedures and minimum controls of technical supervision shall be established in Title I of the regulation in accordance with the provisions of Article 46 of this law, defining differential monitoring degrees, depending on the importance, area, height, or use group of the buildings.

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ARTICLE 22. QUALITIES OF TECHNICAL SUPERVISOR. The technical supervisor must be a professional who meets the qualities required in Chapter 5 of Title VI of this Law. The professional may, under his or her responsibility, delegate some of the tasks of supervision to non-professional staff.

Technical supervision is part of the financial controller and can be performed by a professional other than the financial controller.

TITLE VI.

PROFESSIONALS

CHAPTER I.

QUALITIES AND REQUIREMENTS

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ARTICLE 23. CALITAs. The professionals who perform structural and non-structural design tasks, geotechnical studies, design review or studies, management and technical supervision of the construction, must gather the qualities that are indicate in this Title.

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ARTICLE 24. ACCREDITATION OF EXPERIENCE AND SUITABILITY. The "Permanent Advisory Commission for the Resistant Earthquake Construction Regime", in accordance with the provisions of Article 42, may establish the mechanisms and procedures by means of which the professional experience, suitability and knowledge of this law and its regulations are demonstrated, of the different professionals who perform the tasks indicated in the previous article.

PARAGRAFO. The accreditation obtained in accordance with this article shall be valid throughout the national territory.

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ARTICLE 25. SCOPE AND EXECUTION OF THE PROFESSIONAL TASKS. The "Permanent Advisory Committee for the Resistant Earthquake Construction Regime" shall establish the scope and procedure for carrying out the tasks indicated in this Title, according to the importance, area, height, complexity or group of use of the buildings.

CHAPTER II.

DESIGNERS

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ARTICLE 26. DESIGNERS. The designer must be a civil engineer when it comes to structural designs and geotechnical studies, and an architect or civil engineer or mechanic in the case of designs of non-structural elements.

In all cases, they must have professional registration and credit to the "Permanent Advisory Commission for the Resistant Earthquake Constructions Regime", the requirements of experience and suitability that are indicated in the following provisions.

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ARTICLE 27. STRUCTURAL DESIGNERS ' EXPERIENCE. Structural designers must accredit graduate studies or experience greater than five (5) years in the area of structures.

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ARTICLE 28. EXPERIENCE OF THE GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERS. The professionals who perform the geotechnical studies must have an experience of more than five (5) years in geotechnical design of foundations, counted from the expedition of the card professional, under the direction of a qualified professional for this purpose, or to accredit graduate studies in the area of geotechnics.

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ARTICLE 29. EXPERIENCE OF DESIGNERS OF NON-STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS. Designers of non-structural elements must have an experience greater than three (3) years of exercise, counted from the issuance of the professional card, under the the address of a professional empowered for that purpose, in one or more activities, such as structural design, design of non-structural elements, geotechnical work, construction, financial controller or technical supervision, or accreditation of post-graduate studies in the area of seismic structures or engineering.

CHAPTER III.

DESIGN REVIEWERS

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ARTICLE 30. DESIGN REVIEWERS. The reviewer must be a civil engineer when it comes to structural designs and geotechnical studies and an architect or civil engineer or mechanic in the case of designs of non-structural elements.

In all cases, they must have professional registration and credit to the "Permanent Advisory Commission for the Resistant Earthquake Construction Regime", the ones of experience and suitability indicated in the following article.

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ARTICLE 31. EXPERIENCE. The reviewer of the designs must accredit an experience greater than five (5) years of professional exercise, counted from the issue of the professional card, under the direction of a professional authorized for this purpose, in one or more various activities such as, structural design, design of non-structural elements, geotechnical work, construction, intervention or technical supervision, or accredit post-graduate studies in the area of structures, geotechnics or seismic engineering.

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ARTICLE 32. INDEPENDENCE. The design reviewer must be laborally independent of who performs them.

CHAPTER IV.

CONSTRUCTION MANAGERS

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ARTICLE 33. CONSTRUCTION MANAGERS. 5 of Law 1229 of 2008. The new text is as follows: > Construction director must be a civil engineer, architect or builder in architecture and engineering, or mechanical engineer in the case of metal or prefabricated structures, possess professional registration and accredit to the "Permanent Advisory Commission for the Seismic Construction Regime" the requirements of experience established in Article 34 of Law 400/97.

Vigency Notes
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ARTICLE 34. EXPERIENCE. The construction director must accredit an experience greater than three (3) years of exercise, counted from the issuance of the professional card, under the direction of a professional empowered for that purpose, in one or more activities, such as construction, structural design, design of non-structural elements, geotechnical work, financial intervention or technical supervision, or accreditation of post-graduate studies in the area of construction, structures, geotechnics or engineering seismic.

CHAPTER V.

TECHNICAL MONITORS

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ARTICLE 35. TECHNICAL SUPERVISORS. 6 of Law 1229 of 2008. The new text is as follows: > The technical supervisor must be a civil engineer, architect, or architectural and engineering builder. Only for metal structures can you be a mechanical engineer.

You must have professional registration and accredit to the "Permanent Advisory Commission for the Sismorresilient Construction Regime", the experience and suitability requirements set out in Article 36 of Law 400/97.

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ARTICLE 36. EXPERIENCE. The technical supervisor must have an experience of more than five (5) years of exercise, counted from the issuance of the professional card, under the direction of a professional empowered for that purpose, in one or more activities such as, structural design, construction, intervention or technical supervision.

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ARTICLE 37. INDEPENDENCE. The technical supervisor must be laborally independent of the builder of the structure or non-structural elements.

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