By Which Standards Are Adopted Earthquake Resistant Buildings

Original Language Title: Por la cual se adoptan normas sobre construcciones sismorresistentes

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ACT 400 OF 1997
(August 19)
Official Gazette No. 43,113, of 25 August 1997
By establishing rules on Earthquake Resistant Buildings are adopted. Summary

Term Notes

THE CONGRESS OF COLOMBIA DECREES: TITLE I.


PURPOSE AND SCOPE ARTICLE 1o. OBJECT. This law establishes criteria and minimum requirements for the design, construction and technical supervision of new buildings, as well as those essential for community recovery after the occurrence of an earthquake, which may be subject to seismic forces and other forces imposed by the nature or use, in order to be able to resist them, increase their resistance to the effects they produce, minimize the risk of loss of life, and defend as much as possible State property and citizens.
It also notes the eligibility requirements for the exercise of professions related to its object and defines the responsibilities of the employees involved, and the parameters for the addition, modification and remodeling of the structural system of buildings constructed before the effective date of this law.
PARAGRAFO. A building designed according to the requirements set forth in the rules governing earthquake resistant buildings should be able to withstand, in addition to the forces imposed by its use, tremors of low intensity without damage, moderate earthquakes without structural damage, but possibly with some damage to nonstructural elements and a strong earthquake with damage to structural and non-structural elements, but not collapse.
Care in both design and construction and technical supervision, are essential to the strength of structures and earthquake non-structural elements.
Article 2.
. SCOPE. The buildings that are ahead in the territory of Ia Republic shall be subject to the rules established in the present Law and the provisions that regulate Ia.
Corresponds to offices or district or municipal agencies responsible for granting building permits, Ia requirement and compliance monitoring. These will refrain from approving construction projects or plans that do not meet the standards specified in this Act or its regulations.
The construction must adhere strictly to the relevant draft or approved plans.
PARÁGRAFO. In any case, unless otherwise provided by law, municipal and district authorities may issue and enforce technical standards or different from those covered by this law and the provisions that regulate construction Ia. Effective Notes

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ARTICLE 3o. EXCEPTIONS. The provisions of this law and its regulations do not include the design and construction of special structures such as bridges, transmission towers, towers and equipment, springs, hydraulic structures and all those structures whose dynamic behavior differs from conventional buildings, or are not covered within the limitations of each of the prescribed structural materials.
TITLE II. DEFINITIONS

ARTICLE 4.
. DEFINITIONS. For the purposes of this law means:
1. Finishes or non-structural elements. Parts and components of a building that do not belong to the structure or its foundation.
2. seismic hazard. It is the expected value of future seismic activity at the site of interest and quantified in terms of a horizontal ground acceleration expected, which has a given probability of exceedance in a predetermined time period.
3. Amplification of the seismic wave. Increase in the amplitude of the seismic waves produced by its passage from the rock to the ground surface through the soil layers.
4. Energy dissipation capacity. It is the ability of a structural system, a structural element or section of a structural element, to work within the inelastic range of response without losing its strength.
5. deadhead. It is the vertical load due to the weight of all permanent elements, whether structural or nonstructural.
6. live load. It is the load due to the use of the structure, not including the dead load, wind or earthquake force.
7. Home. House building for housing.
8. Earthquake resistant construction. It is the type of construction that meets the purpose of this law, through design and construction complies with the parameters established in it and its regulations.
9. Builder. Is the professional, civil engineer, architect or builder in architecture and engineering, under whose responsibility the construction of a building goes ahead.
Term Notes

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10. Drifting floor. Is the difference between the horizontal displacements of the levels between which is covered floor.
11. architectural designer. Is the architect under whose responsibility are held on the design and architectural plans of the building, and who signs or kneecap.
12. Designer of nonstructural elements. It is the professional, authorized for that purpose, under whose responsibility are held on the design and drawings of non-structural elements of the building, and who signs or kneecap.
13. structural designer. It is the civil engineer, authorized for that purpose, under whose responsibility the design and structural plans of the building are made, and who the firm or kneecap.
14. Edification. It is a building whose primary use is the room or occupation by human beings.
15. Buildings serving the community. Are necessary to meet emergency buildings, preserve the health and safety of persons, such as fire departments, police and military forces, health facilities, operating headquarters emergency agencies, etc.
16. critical facilities. Those buildings serving the community that must function during and after an earthquake, whose operation can not be transferred quickly to an alternative, such as hospitals complexity levels 2 and 3 and central operation and control of lifelines place.
17. Element or structural member. Component of the structural system of the building.
18. Structure. It is an assembly of elements designed to withstand the gravitational loads and resist horizontal forces.
19. seismic forces. Inertial effects are caused by the acceleration of the earthquake, expressed as forces to be used in the analysis and design of the structure.
20. Performance of nonstructural elements. Performance is called the behavior of non-structural elements of the building before the occurrence of an earthquake that affected.
21. Group use. Classification of buildings according to their importance for the care and recovery of people living in a region that may be affected by an earthquake or any type of disaster.
22. geotecnista engineer. It is the civil engineer, who signed the geotechnical study and under whose responsibility the geotechnical or soil studies are conducted, by means of which the design parameters of the foundation is set, the effects of extending the seismic wave caused by type and stratification underlying the building floor, and the definition of soil parameters to be used in evaluating the effects of soil-structure interaction.
23. Interaction soil-structure. It is the effect they have on the static and dynamic properties of the structure of the soil that supports the building, combined with the stiffness properties of the foundation and structure and response.
24. Controller. It is the professional civil engineer, architect or builder in architecture and engineering, which represents the owner during the construction of the building, under whose responsibility it is verified that this be brought forward in accordance with all applicable regulations, following plans, drawings and specifications made by designers. Effective Notes

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25. Building permit. administrative act by which it is granted, at his request, authorization to advance the construction of a building.
26. lifelines. Basic network infrastructure, pipelines or connected or continuous elements, which allows for the mobilization of electricity, water, fuel, information and transportation of people and goods is essential for efficiency and quality activities of society.
27. Liquefaction. Response of soils subject to vibration, in which they behave as a dense fluid and not as a mass of wet soil.
28. microzonation. Splitting a region or an urban area into smaller areas, which have a certain degree of similarity in the way they are affected by the quakes, given the characteristics of the underlying soil strata.
29. temblor. Movement of the earth's crust.
30. Soil profile. They are the different layers of existing soil beneath the site of the building.

31. Owner. It is the person, natural or legal owner of the property, the name of which the building permit is issued and who hires the various professionals involved in the design, construction and technical supervision of the structure of the building and structural elements not covered by this law and its regulations.
32. Reviewers designs. It is the designer different and independent civil engineer occupationally him, who has the responsibility to review the structural design and geotechnical studies; or architect or civil or mechanical engineer who reviews designs of nonstructural elements, to make sure the proposed building meets the requirements of this law and its regulations. Effective Jurisprudence


33. Seal dry up. Enhanced brand that is placed on a flat construction and replaces the signature designer responsible for the designs expressed therein. The brand that produces must contain the name of the professional, profession and number of professional tuition. "The Advisory Committee for Earthquake Resistant Building System" will determine the entity in charge of registration.
34. Earthquake, tremor or earthquake. Vibrations of the earth's crust induced by the passage of seismic waves from a place or where sudden movements of the earth's crust have occurred area.
35. Design earthquake. It is the characterization of the minimum earthquakes to be used in performing the earthquake resistant design.
36. Seismic resistance system. It is that part of the structure according to the design, providing the strength required to withstand earthquakes design.
37. Solicitations. Are the forces or other actions that affect the structure due to the weight of it, the non-structural elements, its occupants and their possessions, environmental effects such as wind or earthquake, the differential settlement, and dimensional changes caused by vibrations or temperature effects of geological materials. Generally they correspond to anything that might affect the structure.
38. technical supervision. Technical supervision means verifying the subject of the construction of the building structure to plans, drawings and specifications made by the structural designer. Also, the non-structural elements are built according to plans, designs and specifications made by the designer of non-structural elements, according to the required degree of seismic performance.
Technical supervision can be performed by the controller, when will one interventoría owner of the construction contract.
39. Continuous technical supervision. It is one in which all construction work are monitored on a permanent basis.
40. itinerant technical supervision. It is one in which the technical supervisor visits the site often as necessary to verify that construction is advancing properly.
41. Technical supervisor. It is the professional civil engineer, architect or builder in architecture and engineering, under whose responsibility the technical supervision is carried out. Part of supervisory tasks can be delegated by the supervisor in technical support staff, which will work under the direction and responsibility. Technical supervision can be performed by the same professional who conducted the auditing. Effective Notes

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42. Vulnerability. It is the quantification of potential misbehavior of a building regarding solicitation.
43. Seismic hazard zone. They are regions where seismic hazard varies from others. PARAGRAPH 1.
. Understood by professional under construction in architecture and engineering, professional college-level academic training which enables you to:
a) Build or realize the construction of all types of civil or architectural project such as construction of buildings, houses, roads , pavements, bridges, airports, aqueducts, sewers, pipelines, pipelines, etc., that they have been previously designed or calculated by architects or engineers respectively;
B) Manage, plan, organize, execute, manage and control (inspection, construction management and / or auditing), different construction processes of civil and architectural projects work, using new technologies and applying building rules in force as long as the project has been previously calculated and designed by civil engineers or architects respectively;

C) To produce building materials and research on new construction systems, both technical and innovative construction processes and implement standards in the construction process and environmental processes;
D) Implement, coordinate and allocate plans derived from preventive and corrective maintenance tasks constructive;
E) To hold public or private contracts whose object is the realization, management, planning, organization, management or control or civil architectural projects such as construction of buildings, houses, roads, pavements, bridges, airports, aqueducts, sewers, pipelines, pipelines, etc. and, in general, contracts that have to do with the construction of all types of projects that have been previously designed or calculated by architects or engineers respectively;
F) construction project management, programming of works and projects, and development and building control budgets;
G) Adviser on all matters relating to the realization of civil and architectural works;
H) Conduct studies, licensing procedures and planning and construction of projects that have been previously calculated and designed by civil engineers or architects respectively;
I) Perform teaching in the area of ​​construction;
J) Development of appraisals and expert opinions on construction to buildings;
K) The others are exercised within the scope of the profession builder. Effective Notes

PARAGRAPH 2.
. From the entry into force of this Act, the powers in "construction professionals in architecture and engineering"; They must comply with the same intensity earthquake resistance times that set for the career of Civil Engineering; this in order that their graduates to meet professional activities under Law 400 of 1997 Notes Effective


TITLE III.

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION CHAPTER I. RESPONSIBILITIES


The 5th ARTICLE. LIABILITY OF DESIGNS. For purposes of the allocation of the respective responsibilities, definitions of builder, architectural designer, structural designer, non-structural elements, geotecnista engineer, conductor designs, owner, auditor and technical supervisor, established in Title II must be consulted of this law.
ARTICLE 6.
. RESPONSIBILITY OF DESIGNERS. The responsibility of the designs of the different elements that make up the building, and the adoption of all necessary to fulfill in them the purpose of the rules of this law and its regulations measures, lies with the professionals under whose direction made the different individual designs.
PARAGRAFO 1o. The "Standing Advisory Committee for the System Building Earthquake Resistant" in accordance with the provisions in Article 39 of this Law, establish the minimum content of the plans, reports and studies of different designs and specifications.
PARAGRAFO 2o. All designs must be signed or labeled with the official seal registered by registered and authorized professionals for this purpose that meet the qualities and requirements specified in Chapter 2 of Title VI, who will act as responsible.
PARAGRAFO 3o. All designs must consider the rules on the removal of architectural barriers for the disabled and elderly.

Article 7. SECURING THE CONSTRUCTION PLANS. Architectural and structural plans submitted for obtaining the construction license should be equal to those used in the construction of the work. At least one copy thereof must remain on file with the administrative department or district or municipal agency in charge of issuing construction license.
PARAGRAFO. All architectural and structural plans must consider the rules on the removal of architectural barriers for the disabled and elderly.
CHAPTER II.
OTHER MATERIALS AND METHODS ALTERNATE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION
ARTICLE 8.
. MATERIALS AND METHODS USING ALTERNATE. the use of structural materials, design methods and different construction methods than those prescribed in this Act and its regulations, as long as the requirements are met the following items are allowed.


Article 9. ALTERNATE MATERIALS. the use of structural materials not covered by this law and its regulations, by prior authorization of the "Advisory Commission Standing for Regimen Building Earthquake Resistant" under the terms of Article 14, subject to the liability regime established in this law is allowed and its regulations.

ARTICLE 10. ALTERNATE METHODS OF ANALYSIS AND DESIGN. the use of methods of analysis and different structural design allows prescribed by this law and its regulations as long as the structural designer present evidence that the alternative proposal fulfills its purpose in terms of safety, durability and especially seismic resistance, and it also hold one of the following:
1. Submit the necessary documents for obtaining the construction license of the building, the demonstrative evidence and a memorial which accepts unequivocally the responsibility on methodologies for analysis and design alternate, or
2. Obtain prior authorization from the "Standing Advisory Committee for Earthquake Resistant Building System", in accordance with Article 14, which allows its use, subject to the liability regime established in this law and its regulations.

ARTICLE 11. ALTERNATE METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION. the use of alternative construction methods and materials covered are allowed, but whose constructive methodology is different from that prescribed by them, provided the structural designer and builder present, overall, a memorial in which unequivocally accept the responsibilities They are derived from the alternating-cons truction methodology.
ARTICLE 12.
PREFABRICATED SYSTEMS. the use of seismic resistance systems that are composed wholly or partly prefabricated elements that are not covered by this law, provided they meet one of the following is allowed:
1. Using seismic design criteria presented in Part A of the regulation, in accordance with Article 46 of this Law.
2. Obtain prior authorization from the "Advisory Commission Standing for Regimen Building Earthquake Resistant", in accordance with Article 14, which allows its use, which does not exempt from liability regime established in this law and its regulations .

ARTICLE 13. OTHER SYSTEMS, METHODOLOGIES AND MATERIALS. Any system design and construction that refers to the object of this law and its regulations, which there is evidence obtained by use, analysis, or experimentation that is able to fulfill its purposes but does not meet one or more specific requirements of the law and its regulations may be submitted to the district or municipal agency in charge of issuing construction licenses, accompanied by an authorization from the "Advisory Commission Standing for Regimen building Earthquake Resistant", in accordance with Article 14, which does not exempt from liability regime established in this law and its regulations.

CONCEPTS Article 14. "STANDING ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT BUILDINGS REGIME". Based on the evidence presented on the suitability of seismic resistance system and the proposed use scope, "Standing Advisory Committee for the System Building Earthquake Resistant" issue a concept on the use of materials, methods and systems involved in this law and its regulations.
TITLE IV.

Design review
ARTICLE 15. OBLIGATION. Curator or offices or district or municipal offices in charge of issuing licenses, must first ascertain that the proposed building meets the requirements of this law and its regulations, by reviewing the plans, reports and studies different designs mentioned in Title III.

PARÁGRAFO. The review of the structural designs of buildings whose land or premises to overcome more than two thousand (2,000) square meters of built area, regardless of use, shall be undertaken at the expense of the person requesting the license, with a particular professional, qualified this end, in accordance with the requirements of Chapter III Title VI of this law, different designer and independent occupationally of it, which then corrected the adjustments requested by the minutes of observations issued by the urban curator or dependence the municipal or district administration in charge of issuing construction licenses, through a memorial to this certify the scope of the review undertaken, compliance with the rules of this law and its implementing regulations and sign the plans and other documents technical as proof of having carried out the review.
The professional in charge of reviewing the structural designs will be chosen independently by the license applicant.
This revision also may carry legal persons who have qualified, accredited and registered that meets the requirements defined in this Act for the review of the structural design staff.
When structural differences between the designer and project review them be settled in accordance with the rules adopted for this purpose by the national government arise.
For buildings which have to undergo a technical supervision in accordance with the provisions of Title V of this Act and its implementing regulations and that are located in municipalities and districts which are not available with the figure of urban curator, review dealt with in this paragraph shall at the expense of the applicant for the license and shall be exercised by independent professionals or by the urban curator of the nearest town in the same department, under the terms and conditions set by the national government through the Ministry of Housing, city ​​and Territory.
The review of the structural designs of buildings whose land or land not to overcome more than two thousand (2,000) square meters of built area, regardless of use, shall meet all the standards provided for in this law and its implementing regulations, taking responsability for the structural designer, the owner of the property or the settlor or the manufacturer in case of autonomous equity holders of ownership rights that have been designated in the respective trust agreement, in accordance with the provisions of the law on the matter, and the owner of the construction license. Notwithstanding the above, there will be a review of the structural project managers by studying and issuing licenses for the processing of the license.
When the building to be developed is less than two thousand (2,000) square meters of built area, but has the possibility of processing extensions to achieve the two thousand (2,000) square meters required in the initial assessment of structural design will be analyzed if it supports the future expansion in which case the building despite having less than two thousand (2,000) square meters, must have the structural review in this article.
When one or more properties of different buildings which together exceed two thousand (2,000) square meters of built area, each independently of its built must have the structural review required in this article are approved area. Effective Notes

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ARTICLE 16. SCOPE AND REVISION PROCEDURE. The scope and procedures of design review will be defined by the "Standing Advisory Committee for Earthquake Resistant Building System" in accordance with the provisions of Article 42 of this Law.

ARTICLE 17. SUITABILITY OF THE AUDITOR DESIGNS. The design review should be carried out by professionals who meet the qualifications and requirements prescribed in Chapter 3 of Title VI of this Act. TITLE V. SUPERVISION


TECHNICAL CONSTRUCTION
ARTICLE 18. OBLIGATION. The buildings whose land or premises to overcome more than two thousand (2,000) square meters of built area, regardless of use, shall be subject to an independent technical supervision of the builder, in accordance with the provisions of this title and the corresponding decrees .

The buildings whose land or land not to overcome more than two thousand (2,000) square meters of built area, regardless of use, shall be enforced in accordance with the approved construction license taking responsability about the builder, structural designer, and those who have held the title to the property and construction license. In cases where under the existence of an autonomous patrimony is the trustee who holds the ownership of the land and / or building permit, it must be provided in the related trust agreement who is responsible for this obligation.
In any case, the structural designer or engineer may require geotecnista technical supervision to buildings whose complexity, special construction procedures or materials used make it necessary, consigning this requirement by memorial to be attached to structural design and / or the corresponding geotechnical study .
When the building to be developed is less than two thousand (2,000) square meters of built area, but has the possibility of processing extensions to achieve the two thousand (2,000) square meters required in the initial assessment of structural design will be analyzed if it supports the future expansion in which case the building despite having less than two thousand (2,000) square meters, must have the technical supervision.
When one or more properties of different buildings which together exceed two thousand (2,000) square meters of built area, each independently of its built must have the technical supervision required in this article are approved area. PARAGRAPH 1.
. For the national government to define the functions, scope, procedures, documents and responsibilities related to technical supervision covered by this law. PARAGRAPH 2.
. the structures are designed and constructed following the recommendations presented in Part E of houses of one and two floors of Earthquake Resistant Standard NSR-10 are excluded. PARAGRAPH 3.
. Supervision in this article is required without prejudice to the obligation of the manufacturer to perform all quality controls this law and its regulations require to ensure that the building is executed in accordance with the plans, designs and technical specifications approved in the respective license. To do this, the builder during the development of the work will involve structural designer of the project and geotecnista engineer responsible for the approved plans and studies, who will handle inquiries and clarifications requested by the manufacturer and / or technical supervisor. Such consultations and clarifications should be recorded and documented in the monitoring process of the work.
PARÁGRAFO 4o. Monitoring referred to in this article may also make legal persons who have qualified, accredited and registered that meets the requirements defined in this law for technical supervision staff.
When differences between the manufacturer and the technical supervisor of the project are submitted, they shall be settled in accordance with the rules adopted for this purpose by the national government. Effective Notes

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ARTICLE 19.
BUILDINGS EXEMPT FROM TECHNICAL SUPERVISION. In those buildings, in accordance with the previous article, are exempt from independent technical supervision, the builder is required to make the minimum quality controls this law and its regulations require to ensure that the building is executed in accordance with the plans , designs and technical specifications approved by the corresponding license. To do this, the builder during the development of the work will involve structural project designer and engineer responsible for geotecnista approved plans and studies, who will handle inquiries and clarifications requested by the constructor. Such consultations and clarifications should be recorded and documented in the process of execution of the work. Effective Notes

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ARTICLE 20. CARE BUILDING THE COMMUNITY. The buildings serving the community, regardless of their area, should undergo a technical supervision.


ARTICLE 21. SCOPE OF TECHNICAL SUPERVISION. The scope, procedures and minimum controls technical supervision shall be established in Title I of the regulation in accordance with Article 46 of this law, defining levels of differential monitoring, depending on the size, area, height or group use of buildings.

ARTICLE 22. TECHNICAL QUALITIES OF SUPERVISOR. Technical supervisor must be a professional who meets the qualifications prescribed in Chapter 5 of Title VI of this Act. The professional may, under its responsibility, delegate nonprofessional staff some of the work of supervision.
Technical supervision is part of the auditing and can be performed by a different auditor professional.
TITLE VI. CHAPTER I.


PROFESSIONAL QUALITIES AND REQUIREMENTS
Article 23.
QUALITIES. The professionals who perform structural design work and non-structural elements, geotechnical studies, design reviews or studies, management and technical supervision of construction, must meet the qualifications listed in this Title.

ARTICLE 24. ACCREDITATION OF EXPERIENCE AND FITNESS. The "Standing Advisory Committee for the System Building Earthquake Resistant" in accordance with the provisions of Article 42 may establish the mechanisms and procedures by which professional experience, expertise and knowledge of this law and its proven regulations of the various professionals who perform the tasks indicated in the previous article.
PARAGRAFO. The accreditation obtained pursuant to this article shall be effective throughout the national territory.

ARTICLE 25. SCOPE AND EXECUTION OF PROFESSIONAL WORK. The "Standing Advisory Committee for Earthquake Resistant Building System" shall specify the scope and procedure for implementing the activities referred to in this Title, according to the importance, area, height, complexity or group use of buildings.
CHAPTER II. DESIGNERS

ARTICLE 26.
DESIGNERS. The designer must be a civil engineer in the case of structural design and geotechnical studies, and an architect or civil or mechanical engineer designs the case of non-structural elements.
In all cases they must have professional registration and prove to the "Standing Advisory Committee for Earthquake Resistant Building System", the experience requirements and suitability listed in the following provisions. Effective Jurisprudence


ARTICLE 27. EXPERIENCE OF THE STRUCTURAL DESIGNERS. Structural designers should accredit graduate or greater experience of five (5) years in the area of ​​structures.
ARTICLE 28.
EXPERIENCE geotechnical engineers. The professionals who perform geotechnical studies should have a greater experience of five (5) years in geotechnical design of foundations, counted from the issue of the professional card, under the direction of an authorized professional for that purpose, or accredit studies graduate in the area of ​​geotechnics.

ARTICLE 29. EXPERIENCE OF DESIGNERS nonstructural elements. The designers of nonstructural elements must have a greater experience of three (3) year period, counted from the issue of the professional card, under the direction of an authorized professional for this purpose, in one or more activities, such as structural design, non-structural elements, geotechnical work, construction, supervision or technical, or accredit postgraduate studies in the area of ​​seismic engineering structures or supervision.
CHAPTER III. REVIEWERS
DESIGN
ARTICLE 30. AUDITORS
DESIGNS. The reviewer should be a civil engineer in the case of structural design and geotechnical studies and an architect or civil or mechanical engineer designs the case of non-structural elements.
In all cases must have professional registration and prove to the "Standing Advisory Committee for Earthquake Resistant Building System", the experience and expertise of those listed in the following article. Effective Jurisprudence


ARTICLE 31.
EXPERIENCE. The reviewer designs must prove a greater experience of five (5) years of professional experience, counted from the issue of the professional card, under the direction of an authorized professional for this purpose, in one or more activities such as, structural design, non-structural elements, geotechnical work, construction, supervision or technical, or accredit postgraduate studies in the area of ​​structures, geotechnical or seismic engineering supervision.

ARTICLE 32. INDEPENDENCE. The reviewer must be occupationally designs regardless of who performs them.
CHAPTER IV. CONSTRUCTION MANAGERS


ARTICLE 33. DIRECTORS OF CONSTRUCTION. The construction manager must be a civil engineer, architect or builder in architecture and engineering, or mechanical engineer in the case of metal or prefabricated structures, own professional registration and prove to the "Advisory Commission Standing for Regimen Building Seismic" requirements experience set out in Article 34 of Law 400/97. Effective Notes

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ARTICLE 34.
EXPERIENCE. The construction manager must establish a greater experience of three (3) year period, counted from the issue of the professional card, under the direction of an authorized professional for this purpose, in one or more activities, such as construction, structural design, non-structural elements, geotechnical work, supervision or technical, or accredit postgraduate studies in the area of ​​construction, structures, geotechnical or seismic engineering supervision. CHAPTER V.


TECHNICAL SUPERVISORS
ARTICLE 35. TECHNICAL SUPERVISORS. Technical supervisor must be a civil engineer, architect or builder architecture and engineering. Only in the case of metal structures may be a mechanical engineer.
Must possess professional registration and prove to the "Standing Advisory Committee for the Building Seismic Regime", the experience and expertise requirements set out in Article 36 of Law 400/97. Effective Notes

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ARTICLE 36.
EXPERIENCE. Technical supervisor should have a greater experience of five (5) year period, counted from the issue of the professional card, under the direction of an authorized professional for this purpose, in one or more activities such as structural design, construction, supervision or technical supervision.

ARTICLE 37. INDEPENDENCE. Technical supervisor must be occupationally independent builder of the structure or non-structural elements.
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