Act 178 of 1994
Official Gazette No. 41656 of December 29, 1994
Through which the "Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property" is approved, done at Paris on March 20, 1883, revised at Brussels on December 14, 1900, in Washington on June 2, 1911, in the Hague on November 6, 1925, in London on June 2, 1934, in Lisbon on October 31, 1958, in Stockholm on July 14, 1967 and amended on October 2, 1979. Summary
THE CONGRESS OF COLOMBIA,
having regard to the text of the "Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property" made in Paris on March 20, 1883, revised at Brussels on December 14, 1900, in Washington on June 2, 1911, in the Hague on November 6, 1925, in London on June 2, 1934, in Lisbon on October 31, 1958, in Stockholm on July 14, 1967 and amended on October 2,
1979. Spanish official record established under Article 29 (1) (b).
"PARIS CONVENTION FOR THE PROTECTION OF INDUSTRIAL PROPERTY
of March 20, 1883, revised in Brussels on 14 December 1900
in Washington on June 2, 1911, in
the Hague on 6 November 1925, in London on June 2, 1934, in Lisbon
on October 31, 1958, in Stockholm on July 14, 1967
and amended on October 2 ARTICLE 1o
1979. [CONSTITUTION oF tHE UNION; FIELD oF INDUSTRIAL PROPERTY]... (1)
1 the countries to which this Convention applies constitute a Union for the Protection of Industrial Property industrial.
2. Protection of industrial Property aims patents, utility models, industrial designs or models, trademarks, trade name, service marks, trade name, the indications of source or appellations of origin, and the repression of unfair competition.
. 3 Industrial property is understood in its broadest sense and applies not only to industry and commerce proper, but likewise to agricultural and extractive industries and to all manufactured or natural products, for example, wines, grain, snuff leaves, fruit, cattle, minerals, mineral waters, beer, flowers, and flour.
4. Patents between the various kinds of industrial patents recognized by the laws of the countries of the Union, such as patents of importation, patents of improvement, patents and certificates of addition, etc. are included
. [NATIONAL TREATMENT TO NATIONALS OF THE COUNTRIES OF THE UNION].
1. Nationals of each of the countries of the Union shall enjoy in all other countries of the Union, as regards the protection of industrial property, the advantages that their respective laws now grant, or in the future to their nationals all without prejudice to the rights specially provided for by this Convention. Consequently, those will have the same protection as the latter, and the same legal remedy against any infringement of their rights, provided they meet the conditions and formalities imposed on nationals.
2. Nevertheless, no condition of domicile or establishment in the country where protection is claimed may be imposed upon nationals of countries of the Union for the enjoyment of any industrial property rights.
3. Are expressly reserved the provisions of the legislation of each of the countries of the Union relating to judicial and administrative proceedings, and competition, as well as the choice of domicile or the appointment of an agent, which are required by the laws of property industrial.
ARTICLE 3. [ADOPTION OF CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF PERSONS TO NATIONALS OF THE COUNTRIES OF THE UNION]. Shall be treated as nationals of those countries national Union of countries which are not part of the Union who are domiciled or have industrial or commercial effective and serious in the territory of any of the countries of the Union institutions.
ARTICLE 4. [A- I- PATENTS, UTILITY MODELS, INDUSTRIAL DESIGNS, TRADEMARKS, Inventors' Certificates: PATENT LAW G- priority-: DIVISION OF THE APPLICATION].
A. 1. Whoever has duly deposited an application for patent, utility model of industrial design, brand or trade in any of the countries of the Union or his successor in title, shall enjoy, for the deposit in other countries, a right of priority during the periods set later in the present.
2. It is recognized that gives rise to a right of priority Any filing that is equivalent to a regular national filing under the national legislation of each country of the Union or bilateral or multilateral treaties concluded between countries of the Union.
3. Regular national filing is meant any filing that is sufficient to determine the date on which the application was filed in the country concerned, whatever the subsequent fate of the application.
B. Consequently, any subsequent filing in any of the other countries of the Union before the expiration of these periods shall not be invalidated by events in the interval, in particular, another filing, the publication of the invention or exploitation, by putting on sale of copies of the design or model, or by the use of the mark, and such acts can not give rise to any third party rights or any personal possession. The rights acquired by third parties before the date of the first application that serves as the basis of the right of priority are reserved in what the domestic legislation of each country of the Union.
C. 1) The periods of priority above shall be twelve months for patents and utility models, and six months for industrial designs and trademarks or trade.
2) These periods shall start from the date of filing of the first application; the day of deposit is not included in the period.
3) If the last day of the period is an official holiday or a day when the Office is not open for the filing of applications in the country where protection is claimed, the period shall be extended until the first following working day.
4) should be considered as a first application, the filing date will be the starting point of the period of priority, a subsequent application have the same object as a previous first application within the meaning of paragraph 2) above, deposited in the same country of the Union, provided that this earlier application, on the date of filing the subsequent application has been withdrawn, abandoned or refused, without having been laid open to public inspection and without leaving any rights, and it has not yet served as a basis for claiming a right of priority. The previous application may not thereafter serve as a basis for claiming a right of priority.
D. 1) Anyone who wishes to claim priority of an earlier application shall state in a declaration date and country of this deposit. Each country shall determine the maximum period that must be made this statement.
2) These particulars shall be mentioned in the publications issued by the competent authority, in particular in the patents and their descriptions.
3) The countries of the Union may require any person making a declaration of priority filing a copy of the application (description, drawings, etc.) previously filed. The copy, certified as correct by the authority which received such application, shall not require any legalization and in any case be filed, without fee, at any time within three months from the date of deposit the subsequent application. It may be required to be accompanied by a certificate from the date of deposit issued by that Authority and a translation.
4) may not require other formalities for the declaration of priority at the time of filing the application. Each country of the Union shall determine the consequences of the omission of the formalities prescribed by this Article, but such consequences may exceed the loss of the right of priority.
5) Subsequently, they may be required other supporting.
Who avails himself of the priority of a previous application shall state the number of the deposit; this number shall be published as provided by paragraph 2), above.
E. 1) Where an industrial design has been deposited in a country under a right of priority based on the filing of a utility model, the period of priority shall be fixed for industrial designs.
2) In addition, it is permissible to deposit in a country a utility model under a right of priority based on the filing of a patent application and vice versa.
F. No country of the Union may refuse a priority or a patent application on the ground that the applicant claims multiple priorities, even if they come from different, or on the grounds that an application claiming one or more priorities contains one or countries several items that were not included in the application or applications whose priority is claimed, provided, in both cases, there is unity of invention, under the law of the country.
With respect to the elements not included in the application or applications whose priority is claimed, the filing of the subsequent application gives rise to a right of priority under ordinary conditions.
G. 1) If the examination reveals that a patent application is complex, the applicant may divide the application into a certain number of divisional applications and preserve as the date of each the date of the initial application and, if we add any, the benefit of preemption.
2) The applicant may also, on its own initiative, divide a patent application and preserve as the date of each divisional application the date of initial application and, if we add any, the benefit of the right of priority. Each country of the Union has the power to determine the conditions under which such division shall be authorized.
H. Priority may not be refused on the ground that certain elements of the invention for which priority is claimed do not appear among the claims made in the application filed in the country of origin, provided that all the application documents reveal precisely the existence of these elements.
I. 1) Applications for inventors' certificates filed in a country in which applicants have the right to request, at its option, a patent or an inventor's certificate shall give rise to a right of priority established by this Article under the same conditions and with the same effects as applications for patents.
2) In a country in which applicants have the right to request, at its option, a patent or an inventor's certificate, an applicant for an inventor's certificate shall be entitled, under the provisions of this Article shall apply to patent applications , the right of priority based on the filing of an application for patent, utility model or inventor's certificate.
ARTICLE 4-bis [Patents: INDEPENDENCE OF LEARNED patents for the same invention in different countries].
1. Patents applied in different countries of the Union by nationals of countries of the Union shall be independent of patents obtained for the same invention in the other attached or not to the Union.
2. This provision should be understood absolutely, especially in the sense that patents applied for during the period of priority are independent, both from the point of view of the causes of nullity and forfeiture, and from the point of view of the duration normal.
3. She all existing patents applied at the time of its entry into force.
4. It will be the same, in the case of accession of new countries to those in either side at the time of accession patents.
5. Patents obtained with the benefit of priority shall, in the different countries of the Union, of a duration equal to that which they would have had they been applied for or granted without the benefit of priority.
ARTICLE 4-ter [Patents: Mention of the Inventor in the Patent]. The inventor has the right to be mentioned as such in the patent.
ARTICLE 4-quater [Patents: Patentability in Case of Restrictions SALE]. The grant of a patent shall not be refused and a patent shall not be invalidated on the ground that the sale of the patented product or obtained by a patented process is subject to restrictions or limitations resulting from national legislation.
The 5th ITEM.
[A. Patents: introduction of objects, lack or insufficiency of exploitation, compulsory licensing. B. Industrial Designs: Failure to Work, introduction of objects. C. brands: lack of use, different forms, employment co-owners. D. patents, utility models, trademarks, industrial designs: signs and indications].
A. 1) The introduction by the patentee, in the country where the patent has been granted of articles manufactured in any of the countries of the Union shall not entail forfeiture.
2) Each of the countries of the Union shall have the right to take legislative measures providing for the grant of compulsory licenses to prevent the abuses that might result from the exercise of the exclusive right conferred by the patent, for example, lack operating.
3) Forfeiture of the patent shall not be provided for except in cases where the grant of compulsory licenses would not have been sufficient to prevent these abuses. No action expiration or revocation of a patent may be instituted before the expiration of two years from the grant of the first compulsory license.
4) A compulsory license may not be requested because of missing or insufficient working before the expiration of a period of four years from the deposit of the patent application or three years from the grant patent, whichever expires later applied; It will be refused if the patentee justifies his inaction by legitimate reasons. Such a compulsory license shall not be exclusive and shall not be transferable, even in the form of grant sublicense, except with that part of the enterprise or goodwill which exploits such license.
5) The foregoing provisions shall apply to utility models, subject to the necessary modifications.
B. The protection of industrial designs can not be affected by any expiration, either for lack of exploitation, either by introducing similar objects that are protected.
C. 1) If a country is compulsory the use of the trademark, the registration may be canceled only after a reasonable period, and if the person concerned does not justify his inaction.
2) The use of a brand or trade name by the owner, in a form which differs by elements that do not alter the distinctive character of the mark in the way it has been registered in one of the countries the Union will not result in the invalidation of registration or diminish the protection afforded to the mark.
3) The simultaneous use of the same mark on identical or similar products, industrial or commercial establishments considered as co-owners of the brand under the provisions of national law of the country where protection is claimed shall not prevent registration or will diminish in any way the protection granted to such mark in any country of the Union, provided that such use does not result in inducing the public to error and not contrary to the public interest.
D. No sign or mention of the patent, utility model, registration of the trademark or trade or deposit of industrial design is required on the product, for recognition of the right.
The 5th ITEM. bis [ALL INDUSTRIAL PROPERTY RIGHTS: GRACE PERIOD FOR PAYMENT OF FEES FOR MAINTENANCE OF RIGHTS; PATENTS: REHABILITATION].
1. a grace period, which must be at least six months for the payment of the fees prescribed for the maintenance of industrial property rights, upon payment of a surcharge, if national legislation so be granted.
2. The countries of the Union have the power to provide for the restoration of patents expired as a result of fees not paid.
The 5th ITEM. ter [Patents: PATENTED OBJECTS WHICH ARE PART OF LOCOMOTION APPARATUS]. In each of the countries of the Union shall not be considered attacking the rights of the patentee:
1. Employment on board vessels of other countries of the Union of devices forming the subject of his patent in the hull of the vessel, in the machinery, tackle, gear and other accessories, when such vessels temporarily or accidentally enter waters country, with the proviso that such devices are used exclusively for the needs of the ship.
2. The use of devices forming the subject of the patent in the construction or operation of aircraft or land vehicles of other countries of the Union or of accessories of such aircraft, when they temporarily or accidentally in the country.
The 5th ITEM. quater [Patents: Importation of Products Manufactured by A PATENTED PROCEDURE IN THE COUNTRY OF IMPORT]. When a product is introduced into a country of the Union where there exists a patent protecting a process of manufacture of the product, the patentee shall, with respect to the imported product, all rights legislation of the importing country grants on the basis of the process patent, with respect to products manufactured in that country.
The 5th ITEM. d [DESIGNS]. The industrial designs shall be protected in all countries of the Union.
ARTICLE 6o. [MARKS: REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS, REGARDLESS OF THE PROTECTION OF THE SAME MARK IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES].
1. The conditions of deposit and registration of trademarks or trade will be determined in each country of the Union by its domestic legislation.
2. However, a mark filed by a national of a country of the Union in any country of the Union may not be refused or invalidated on the ground that has not deposited, registered or renewed in the country of origin.
3. A mark duly registered in a country of the Union shall be regarded as independent of those registered in other countries of the Union marks, it being understood in the country of origin.
ARTICLE 6.-bis. [BRANDS: BRANDS WELL-KNOWN].
1. The countries of the Union undertake, ex officio if their legislation so permits or at the request of the interested party, to refuse or invalidate the registration and to prohibit the use of a trademark or trade constitutes reproduction, imitation or translation, liable to create confusion, of a mark that the competent authority of the country of registration or use to be well known as being already the mark of a person entitled to the benefits of this Convention and used for identical or similar products. The same shall apply when the essential part of the mark constitutes a reproduction of any such well-known mark or an imitation liable to create confusion therewith.
2. a minimum period of five years should be granted from the registration date for requesting the cancellation of that mark. The countries of the Union may provide for a term which shall be claimed the prohibition of use.
3. No limit shall be fixed for requesting the cancellation or prohibition of use of registered or used in bad faith.
ARTICLE 6.-ter. [Marks: Prohibitions concerning State Emblems, Official Hallmarks, and Emblems of Intergovernmental Organizations].
1. a) The countries of the Union agree to refuse or cancel the registration and to prohibit by appropriate measures the use, without authorization of the competent authorities, either as trademarks or trade, or as elements of trademarks, of coats of arms, flags and other State emblems of the countries of the Union, official signs and hallmarks of control and warranty adopted by them, and any imitation from a heraldic point of view.
B) The provisions of subparagraph a) above apply equally to armorial bearings, flags and other emblems, abbreviations and names of international intergovernmental organizations of which one or more EU countries are members , with the exception of armorial bearings, flags and other emblems, abbreviations and names that have been the subject of international agreements intended to ensure their protection.
C) No country of the Union may be obliged to apply the provisions contained in the letter b) above to the detriment of holders of rights acquired in good faith before the entry into force, in that country, of this Agreement. The EU countries are not obliged to apply those provisions when the use or registration referred to in point a) above is not of such nature that do suggest a link between the organization, in the public mind, concerned and coats of arms, flags, emblems, abbreviations, and names, or if such use or registration is probably not of such a nature as to mislead the public about the existence of a link between the user and the organization.
2. The prohibition of official signs and hallmarks of control and warranty shall apply solely in cases where the brands that contain them are intended to be used on goods of the same or of a similar kind.
3. a) For the purposes of these provisions, the countries of the Union agree to communicate reciprocally through the intermediary of the International Bureau, the list of State emblems, official signs and hallmarks of control and warranty, which they desire to place, absolutely or within certain limits under the protection of this Article, and all subsequent amendments to this list. Each country of the Union make available to the public in good time, the lists so.
However, this notification is not mandatory in regard to flags of States.
B) The provisions of subparagraph b) of paragraph 1) of this Article shall apply only to armorial bearings, flags and other emblems, abbreviations and names of international intergovernmental organizations as the latter they have communicated to the EU countries through the International office.
4. Any country of the Union may, within twelve months from the receipt of the notification, transmit through the intermediary of the International Bureau, the country or international intergovernmental organization concerned, their possible objects.
5. For State flags, the measures prescribed in paragraph 1) above, shall apply only to marks registered after November 6, 1925.
6. For state emblems other than flags, for official signs and hallmarks of the countries of the Union and for the coats of arms, flags and other emblems, abbreviations and names of international intergovernmental organizations, these provisions shall apply only to the marks after two months registered receipt of the notification referred to in paragraph 3) above.
7. In the case of bad faith, the countries shall have the power to cancel even those registered before November 6, 1925 containing State emblems, signs and hallmarks marks.
8. Nationals of any country who are authorized to use the State emblems, signs and hallmarks, of their country may use them even if resemblance to those of another country.
9. The countries of the Union undertake to prohibit the unauthorized use in trade, the arms of State of other countries of the Union, when the use is of such a nature as to mislead about the origin of products .
10. The above provisions shall not preclude the exercise by the countries of the power to refuse or to invalidate, in accordance with paragraph 3) of section B of Article 6d marks containing, without shields authorization weapons, flags and other State emblems, or official signs and hallmarks adopted by a country of the Union, as well as the distinctive signs of international intergovernmental organizations referred to in paragraph 1), above.
6o- quater- [BRANDS: TRANSFER OF TRADEMARK].
1. When, under the law of a country of the Union, the assignment of a mark is valid only when have taken place while the transfer of the company or business to which the mark belongs, will be sufficient for this validity it is admitted, that the part of the company or business located in this country is transmitted to the assignee with the exclusive right to manufacture or sell there products bearing the mark assigned.
2. This provision does not impose on the countries of the Union any obligation to regard as valid the transfer of any mark whose use by the assignee may, in fact such as to induce the public to error, particularly in regard to the origin , nature or essential qualities of the products to which the mark is applied.
ARTICLE 6o. d [MARKS: PROTECTION OF TRADEMARKS IN A COUNTRY OF THE UNION IN OTHER COUNTRIES OF THE UNION (CLAUSE "AS IS")].
A. 1. Any brand or trade regularly registered in the country of origin shall be accepted for filing and protected as is in the other countries of the Union, unless the conditions mentioned in this article. Such countries may, before proceeding to final registration, require the production of a certificate of registration in the country of origin issued by the competent authority.
Not any legalization for this certificate will be required.
2. It will be considered as country of origin the country of the Union where the applicant has an industrial or commercial effective and serious establishment, and, if he has no such establishment in the Union, the EU country where it has its registered office and, if no domicile within the Union, the country of his nationality, in the event that a national of a country of the Union.
B. Trademarks or trade covered by this Article may be neither denied registration nor invalidated except in the following cases:
1. When you are able to affect rights acquired by third parties in the country where protection is claimed.
2. When they are devoid of any distinctive character, or consist exclusively of signs or indications which may serve, in trade, to designate the kind, quality, quantity, intended purpose, value, place of origin of the products or the time production, or have become customary in the current language or in the bona fide and established practices of trade of the country where protection is claimed.
3. When they are contrary to morality or public origin, particularly when they are able to deceive the public. It is understood that a mark may not be considered contrary to public order for the sole fact not in accordance with any provision of the legislation on marks, except if such provision itself relates to public order.
In any case it reserved the application of Article 10a.
C. 1. In determining whether a mark is eligible for protection should take into account all the factual circumstances, particularly the length of use of the mark.
2. They can not be reused in other EU countries trademarks or trade for the sole reason that differ from those protected trademarks in the country of origin only elements that do not alter the distinctive character and do not affect the identity of brands, in the way they have been registered in that country.
D. No one may benefit from the provisions of this Article if the mark for which protection is claimed has not been registered in the country of origin.
E. However, in any case, the renewal of registration of a mark in the country of origin involve an obligation to renew the registration in the other countries of the Union where the mark has been registered.
F. Deposits of marks filed within Article 4 acquire the benefit of priority, even when the registration in the country of origin is not made until after the expiry of that period.
ARTICLE 6. sexies [Marks: Service Marks]. The countries of the Union undertake to protect service marks.
They are not required to provide for the registration of such marks.
ARTICLE 6o. septies- [Marks: Registration BY AGENT OR REPRESENTATIVE OF THE HOLDER WITHOUT YOUR PERMISSION].
1. If the agent or representative who holds a mark in one of the countries of the Union applies, without such proprietor's authorization, the registration of the mark in his own name, in one or more of these countries, the holder will the right to oppose the registration applied for or demand its cancellation or, if the law so permits, transfer his favor of the said registration, unless such agent or representative justifies his action.
2. The owner of the mark shall, under the conditions indicated in paragraph 1) above, the right to oppose the use of his mark by his agent or representative if he has not authorized such use.
3. National legislation may provide an equitable time limit within which the holder of a mark must exercise the rights provided in this Article.
ARTICLE 7. [MARKS: NATURE OF THE PRODUCT TO APPLY THE MARK MUST]. The nature of the product to which the brand or trade is to be applied, in any case, not be an obstacle to registration of the mark.
7o- bis [Marks: COLLECTIVE].
1. The countries of the Union undertake to accept for filing and to protect collective marks belonging to communities whose existence is not contrary to the law of the country of origin, even if such associations do not possess an industrial or commercial establishment.
2. Each country will decide on the particular conditions under which a collective mark must be protected and may refuse protection if the mark is contrary to public interest.
3. However, the protection of these marks shall not be refused to any association whose existence is not contrary to the law of the country of origin, for the reason that it is not established in the country where protection is sought or has not been incorporated under the laws of the country.
8o- [TRADE NAMES]. A trade name shall be protected in all the countries of the Union without the obligation of filing or registration, whether or not forming part of a trademark or trade.
9o- [TRADEMARKS, TRADE NAMES: EMBARGO ON IMPORTS, ETC., PRODUCTS ILLICITLY CARRYING A BRAND NAME OR COMMERCIAL].
1. All goods unlawfully bearing a trademark or trade name or trade name shall be seized on importation into those countries of the Union where such mark or trade name is entitled to legal protection.
2. The embargo shall likewise be effected in the country where it is made unlawful use, or in the country where the product has been imported.
3. Seizure shall take place at the request of the Public Ministry, any other competent authority, or an interested party, person or entity, in accordance with domestic laws of each country.
4. The authorities shall not be bound to effect seizure of goods in transit.
5. If the legislation of a country does not permit seizure upon importation, seizure shall be replaced by prohibition of importation or by seizure inside.
6. If the legislation of a country permits neither seizure upon importation nor prohibition of importation nor seizure inside, and pending such legislation is modified accordingly, these measures shall be replaced by the actions and means the law of that country in such cases to grant nationals.
ARTICLE 10. [INDICATIONS, FALSE: EMBARGO ON IMPORTS, ETC., PRODUCTS CARRYING ON FALSE INDICATIONS OF ORIGIN PRODUCT OR IDENTITY OF PRODUCER, ETC].
1. The provisions of the preceding article shall be applied in case of direct or indirect use of a false indication of the origin of the goods or the identity of the producer, manufacturer or merchant.
2. It is in any event recognized as an interested party, whether physical or moral person, any producer, manufacturer or trader engaged in the production, manufacture or trade in such goods and established either in the locality falsely indicated as the source, or in the region where such locality is situated, or in the country falsely indicated, or in the country where the false indication of source is used.
ARTICLE 10- bis [UNFAIR COMPETITION].
1. The countries of the Union are bound to assure to nationals of the countries of the Union effective protection against unfair competition.
2. An act of unfair competition any act of competition contrary to honest practices in industrial or commercial matters.
3. In particular shall be prohibited:
1) Any act capable of creating confusion by any means whatever with the establishment, goods or industrial or commercial activities of a competitor;
2) false allegations in the course of trade to discredit the establishment, goods or industrial or commercial activities of a competitor;
3) indications or allegations the use, in the course of trade may induce the public to error concerning the nature, mode of manufacture, characteristics, suitability for employment or the amount of products.
Article 10b. [TRADEMARKS, TRADE NAMES, INDICATIONS FALSE, UNFAIR COMPETITION: REMEDIES; Right to Sue].
1. The countries of the Union undertake to assure to nationals of other countries of the Union appropriate legal remedies effectively to repress all the acts referred to in Articles 9, 10 and 10a.
2. They also undertake to provide measures to enable trade unions and associations representing industrialists, producers or traders concerned and whose existence is not contrary to the laws of their countries, the courts or before the administrative authorities for the Suppression of the acts specified in the articles 9, 10 and 10a, to the extent that the law of the country where protection is claimed allows unions and associations in this country.
ARTICLE 11. [INVENTIONS, UTILITY MODELS, INDUSTRIAL DESIGNS, MARKS: TEMPORARY PROTECTION IN CERTAIN INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITIONS].
1. Countries of the Union shall, in accordance with its domestic law, a temporary to patentable, to utility models, to industrial designs as well as trademarks or trade for products inventions protection contained in official or officially recognized international exhibitions organized in the territory of any of them.
2. This temporary protection shall not extend the terms of Article 4. If, later, the right of priority is invoked, the Administration of each country may provide that the period from the date of introduction of the goods into the exhibition.
3. Each country may require, as proof of the identity of the exhibit and the date of introduction, the supporting documents deemed necessary.
ARTICLE 12. [SPECIAL SERVICES FOR NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL PROPERTY].
1. Each country of the Union undertakes to establish a special service of industrial property and a central office for the communication to the public of patents, utility models, industrial designs or models and trademarks or trade.
2. This service shall publish an official periodical. It shall publish regularly:
a) The names of the holders of patents granted, with a brief designation of the inventions patented;
B) reproductions of registered trademarks.
ARTICLE 13- [ASSEMBLY OF THE UNION].
1. a) The Union is composed of the countries of the Union bound by Articles 13 to 17.
b) The Government of each country shall be represented by one delegate who may be assisted by alternate, advisors and experts assembly.
C) The expenses of each delegation shall be borne by the Government which has appointed it.
2. a) The Assembly:
i) deal with all matters concerning the maintenance and development of the Union and the implementation of this Convention;
Ii) give directions to the International Bureau of Intellectual Property (hereinafter "the International Bureau"), which referred to in the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (hereinafter designated "the Organization"), in connection with the preparation of review conferences, taking due account of comments from EU countries which are not bound by articles 13 to 17;
Iii) review and approve the reports and activities of the Director General of the Organization concerning the Union, and give him all necessary instructions concerning matters within the competence of the Union;
Iv) elect the members of the Executive Committee of the Assembly;
V) Consider and approve the reports and activities of its Executive Committee, and give instructions;
Vi) determine the program and adopt the biennial budget of the Union, and approve its final accounts;
Vii) adopt the financial regulations of the Union;
Viii) establish such committees of experts and working groups as it deems appropriate to achieve the objectives of the Union;
Ix) determine which members of the Union and which intergovernmental and international nongovernmental organizations shall be admitted to its meetings as observers;
X) Adopt agreements amending Articles 13 to 17;
Xi) take any other appropriate action to further the objectives of the Union;
Xii) exercise such other functions as are appropriate under this Convention;
Xiii) exercise, provided that acceptance, the rights under the Convention establishing the organization.
B) issues of interest also to other Unions administered by the Organization, the Assembly shall make its decisions after having heard the advice of the Coordination Committee of the organization.
3. a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph b), a delegate may represent more than one country;
B) Countries of the Union grouped under a special agreement within a common office that has for each of them the character of a special national service of industrial property, which are referred to in Article 12 may be represented jointly in the course of discussions, by one of them;
4. a) Each country member of the Assembly shall have one vote;
B) Half of the members of the Assembly shall constitute a quorum;
C) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph b), if the number of countries represented at any meeting is less than half but less than a third of the member countries of the Assembly, the Assembly may make decisions; however, the decisions of the Assembly, except those concerning its own procedure, shall take effect only if the following requirements are met. The International Bureau shall communicate these decisions to member countries which were not represented invite them to express in writing their vote or abstention within a period of three months from the date of communication. If, on expiry of that period, the number of countries having thus expressed their vote or abstention attains the number of countries which was lacking for attaining the quorum in the session itself, such decisions shall take effect provided that at the same time keeps the required majority;
D) Subject to the provisions of Article 17.2), the decisions of the Assembly shall require two-thirds majority of the votes cast;
E) Abstentions shall not be considered as votes.
5. a) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph b), a delegate may vote in the name of a single country;
B) The countries of the Union referred to in paragraph 3. b) shall endeavor, as a rule, be represented by its own delegations in meetings of the Assembly. Nevertheless, if for exceptional reasons, any such country can not send its own delegation, may give to the delegation of another such country to vote on their behalf, on the understanding that a delegation may not vote by proxy for one country. Such power must be recorded in a document signed by the Head of State or the competent Minister.
6. The countries of the Union not members of the Assembly shall be admitted to its meetings as observers.
7. a) The Assembly shall meet once every two years in ordinary session upon convocation by the Director General and except in exceptional circumstances, during the same period and in the same place as the General Assembly of the Organization;
B) The Assembly shall meet in extraordinary session upon convocation by the Director General, at the request of the Executive Committee or at the request of a quarter of the members of the Assembly.
8. The Assembly shall adopt its own rules of procedure.
ARTICLE 14. [EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE]
1. The Assembly shall have an Executive Committee.
2. a) The Executive Committee shall consist of countries elected by the Assembly among member countries of the same. Furthermore, the country on whose territory the Organization has its headquarters have; ex officio, a seat on the Committee, without prejudice to Article 16. 7. b);
B) The Government of each country member of the Executive Committee shall be represented by one delegate who may be assisted by alternates, advisers and experts;
C) The expenses of each delegation shall be borne by the Government which has appointed it.
3. The number of members of the Executive Committee shall correspond to one fourth of the number of member countries of the Assembly. In calculating seats to not be taken into consideration the remainders after division by four.
4. In the election of members of the Executive Committee, the Assembly shall take into account equitable geographical distribution and the need for all countries that are part of the special arrangements established in relation with the Union to be among the countries constituting the Executive Committee.
5. a) The Executive Committee members shall serve from the close of the session of the Assembly which elected it to the end of the next ordinary session of the Assembly;
B) Members of the Executive Committee may be reappointed to the maximum limit of two-thirds of them;
C) The Assembly shall establish the modalities of the election and possible re-election of members of the Executive Committee.
6. a) The Executive Committee:
i) prepare the draft agenda of the Assembly;
Ii) submit to the Assembly proposals for the draft program and biennial budget of the Union prepared by the Director General;
iv) submit to the Assembly, with appropriate comments, the periodic reports of the Director General and the annual reports on the accounts;
V) Take all necessary measures to implement the program of the Union by the Director General, in accordance with the decisions of the Assembly and taking into account the circumstances arising between two ordinary sessions of the Assembly;
Vi) perform such other functions as are allocated to it under this Convention;
B) issues of interest also to other Unions administered by the Organization, the Executive Committee shall make its decisions taking into account the opinion of the Coordination Committee of the Organization.
7. a) The Executive Committee shall meet in regular session once a year upon convocation by the Director General, and whenever possible during the same period and in the same place as the Coordination Committee of the organization;
B) The Executive Committee shall meet in extraordinary session upon convocation by the Director General, either on his own initiative or at the request of its Chairman or one-fourth of its members.
8. a) Each member of the Executive Committee shall have one vote;
B) Half of the members of the Executive Committee shall constitute a quorum;
C) Decisions are taken by simple majority of the votes cast;
D) Abstentions shall not be considered as votes;
E) A delegate may represent more than one country and can not vote in his name.
9. The countries of the Union not members of the Executive Committee shall be admitted to its meetings as observers.
10. The Executive Committee shall adopt its own rules of procedure.
ARTICLE 15. [OFFICE: INTERNATIONAL].
1. a) Administrative tasks concerning the Union shall be performed by the International Bureau, which happens to the office of the Union united with the office established by the International Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works;
B) The International Bureau shall the secretariat of the various organs of the Union;
C) The Director General of the Organization is the highest official of the Union and represents.
2. The International Bureau shall assemble and publish information concerning the protection of industrial property. Each country of the Union shall promptly communicate to the International Bureau text of all new laws and all related official texts to the protection of industrial property and provide the International Bureau all publications of their competent services in property Industrial direct concern to the protection of industrial property and that the International Bureau considers relevant to its activities.
3. The International Bureau shall publish a monthly magazine.
4. The International Bureau shall provide to the countries of the Union be asked information on matters concerning the protection of industrial property.
5. The International Bureau shall conduct studies and provide services designed to facilitate the protection of industrial property.
6. The Director General and any staff member designated by him shall participate, without vote, in all meetings of the Assembly, the Executive Committee and any other committee of experts or working group. The Director General, or a staff member designated by him shall be ex officio secretary of these bodies.
7. a) The International Bureau following the instructions of the Assembly and in cooperation with the Executive Committee, shall prepare the review conferences of the Convention other than those covered by Articles 13 to 17;
B) The International Bureau may consult with intergovernmental and international non-governmental organizations on the preparation for revision conferences;
C) The Director General and persons designated by him shall participate, without vote, in the discussions at these conferences.
8. The International Bureau shall carry out any other tasks assigned to it.
ARTICLE 16- [FINANCE].
1. a) The Union shall have a budget;
B) The budget of the Union shall include the income and expenses of the Union, its contribution to the budget of expenses common to the Unions, and, where applicable, the sum made available to the budget of the Conference of the Organization;
C) expenses common to the Unions expenses that are not attributable exclusively to the Union but also to one or more other Unions administered by the organization will be considered. The part of the Union in such common expenses shall be in proportion to the interest has in them.
2. the budget of the Union taking into account the requirements of coordination with the budgets of the other Unions administered by the organization will be established.
3. The budget of the Union shall be financed from the following sources:
i) contributions of the countries of the Union;
Ii) fees and charges due for services rendered by the International Bureau of the Union;
Iii) The proceeds from the sale of publications concerning international office to the Union and the rights corresponding to those publications;
Iv) gifts, bequests and subventions;
V) rents, interests and other miscellaneous income.
4. a) In order to determine its contribution towards the budget, each country of the Union shall belong to a class and pay its annual contributions on the basis of a number of units fixed as follows: Class I
25 | ||
Class II 20 Class III 15 Class IV 10
Class V 5 Class VI 3 Class VII 1
B) Unless it has already done so, each country shall indicate, at the time of deposit of its instrument of ratification or accession, the class to which it wishes to belong. You can change class. If it chooses a lower class, the country must announce it to the Assembly at one of its regular meetings. Such change will take effect at the beginning of the calendar year following that meeting;
C) The annual contribution of each country shall be an amount that will keep, relative to the total amount of annual contributions from all countries of the Union budget, the same proportion as the number of units of the class which belongs relative to the total units of all countries;
D) Contributions shall become due on 1. January each year;
E) A country arrears in the payment of its contributions may not exercise their right to vote in any organ of the Union of which it is a member, if the amount of its arrears equals or exceeds the contributions due from it for the preceding two full years. However, any of these bodies may allow such a country to continue to exercise its right to vote in that body if the delay is due to exceptional and unavoidable circumstances;
F) If at the beginning of a new year is not adopted the budget, it will continue to apply, the budget of the previous year, according to the procedures laid down in the financial regulations.
5. The amount of the fees and charges due for services rendered by the International Bureau of the Union shall be fixed by the Director General, who shall inform the Assembly and the Executive Committee.
6. a) The Union shall have a working capital fund consisting of a payment made by each of the countries of the Union. If the fund becomes insufficient, the Assembly shall decide to increase;
B) The amount of the single payment of each country to the said fund and its participation in the increase thereof shall be proportional to the contribution of that country a year during which the fund is established or the increase decided ;
C) The proportion and the terms of payment shall be determined by the Assembly on the proposal of the Director General and the opinion of the Coordination Committee of the Organization.
7. a) In the headquarters agreement concluded with the country on whose territory the Organization has its headquarters, provide that such country shall grant advances if the working capital fund is insufficient. The amount of those advances and the conditions under which they are granted shall be subject, in each case separated from the country concerned and the Organization. While you have the obligation to grant advances, such country shall have an ex officio seat on the Executive Committee;
B) The country referred to in paragraph a) and the Organization shall each have the right to denounce the obligation to grant advances, by written notification. The denunciation shall take effect three years after the end of the year during which it has been notified.
8. The auditing of accounts shall be, as provided in the financial regulations, one or more countries of the Union or auditors, with their consent, shall be appointed by the Assembly.
ARTICLE 17. [modifcation OF ARTICLES 13 TO 17].
1. Proposals for the amendment of Articles 13, 14, 15, 16 and this Article may be initiated by any country member of the Assembly, by the Executive Committee or by the Director General. Such proposals shall be communicated by the member countries of the Assembly at least six months prior to their consideration by the Assembly.
2. All modifications of the articles referred to in paragraph 1o. they should be adopted by the Assembly. Adoption shall require three-fourths of the votes cast; however, any amendment of Article 13 and this paragraph shall require four-fifths of the votes cast.
3. Any amendment to the articles referred to in paragraph 1o. will enter into force one month after the Director General has received written acceptance, effected in accordance with their respective constitutional processes, three-quarters of the countries that were members of the Assembly at the time notification when the amendment was adopted . Any amendment to said Articles thus accepted shall bind all the countries which are members of the Assembly at the time the amendment enters into force or which become members at a later date; however, any amendment increasing the financial obligations of countries of the Union shall bind only those countries which have notified their acceptance of such amendment.
ARTICLE 18 [REVIEW OF ARTICLES 1 TO 12 AND 18 TO 30].
1. This Convention shall be subject to revisions in order to introduce any improvements that tend to improve the system of the Union.
2. For this purpose, they will be held among the delegates of the countries of the Union conferences to be held successively in one of those countries.
3. Amendments to Articles 13 to 17 shall be governed by the provisions of Article 17.
ARTICLE 19. [SPECIAL ARRANGEMENTS].
It is understood that the countries of the Union the right to make separately between themselves special agreements for the protection of industrial property is reserved, whereas such agreements do not contravene the provisions of this Convention.
ARTICLE 20 [RATIFICATION OR ACCESSION COUNTRIES OF THE UNION; ENTRY INTO FORCE].
1. a) Each of the countries of the Union which has signed this Act may ratify it, and if it has not signed it, may accede to it. The instruments of ratification and accession shall be deposited with the Director General;
B) Each of the countries of the Union may declare in its instrument of ratification or accession that its ratification or accession shall not apply:
i) Articles 1 to 12, or || | ii) articles 13 to 17;
C) Each of the countries of the Union, in accordance with paragraph b), has excluded from the effects of its ratification or accession one of the two groups of items referred to in that paragraph may at any time thereafter, declare that it extends the effects of its ratification or accession to that group of items. Such declaration shall be deposited with the Director General.
2. a) Articles 1 to 12 come into force among the top ten countries of the Union which have deposited instruments of ratification or accession without making a declaration as permitted by paragraph 1. b) i), three months after the deposit of the tenth such instrument of ratification or accession;
B) Articles 13 to 17 come into force among the top ten countries of the Union which have deposited instruments of ratification or accession without making a declaration as permitted under paragraph 1 b) ii), three months after the deposit of the tenth such instrument of ratification or accession;
C) Subject to the initial entry into force, as provided in the preceding paragraphs a) and b) of each of the two groups of items referred to in paragraph 1. b) i) and ii), without prejudice to paragraph 1. b), articles 1 to 17 shall, with respect to any country of the Union is not among those mentioned in the above paragraphs a) and b) depositing an instrument of ratification or accession, as well as with respect to any country of the Union which deposits a declaration pursuant to paragraph 1. c), three months after the date of notification by the director General of such deposit, unless when the instrument or declaration, it has indicated a later date. In the latter case, this Act shall enter into force with respect to that country on the date thus indicated.
3. For each country of the Union which deposits an instrument of ratification or accession, Articles 18 to 30 come into force on the first date on which it enters into force any of the groups of items referred to in paragraph 1. b) with respect to these countries in accordance with paragraph 2. a), b) or c).
ARTICLE 21. [ACCESSION COUNTRIES OUTSIDE THE UNION; ENTRY INTO FORCE].
1. Everything outside the Union may accede to this Act and thereby become a member of the Union. The instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Director General.
2. a) With respect to any external to the Union which deposits its instrument of accession one month or more before the entry into force of the provisions of this Act country, it shall enter into force on the date on which the provisions have entered into force for the first time for compliance with Article 20. 2. a) or b), unless, in the instrument of accession, has not been indicated a later date; however:
i) If items 1 to 12 have not entered into force on that date, such country shall, during the interim period before the entry into force of these provisions and replacing them by articles 1 to 12 of the Lisbon Act;
Ii) If Articles 13 to 17 have not entered into force on that date, such country shall, during the interim period before the entry into force of these provisions and replacing them by Articles 13 and 14 , 3, 4 and 5 of the Act of Lisbon.
If a country indicates a subsequent date in its instrument of accession, this Act shall enter into force with respect to that country on the date thus indicated;
B) For all external to the Union which deposits its instrument of accession at a later date after the entry into force of a single group of articles of this Act, or on a date preceding him within country one month, this Act shall enter into force, subject to the provisions of paragraph a) three months after the date on which its accession has been notified by the director General, unless this has been indicated a later date the instrument of accession. In the latter case, this Act shall enter into force with respect to that country on the date thus indicated.
3. For every external to the Union which deposits its instrument of accession after the date of entry into force of this Act in its entirety, or within the month prior to that date country, this Act shall enter into force three months after the date on which its accession has been notified by the director General, unless the instrument of accession a later date has been indicated. In the latter case, this Act shall enter into force with respect to that country on the date thus indicated.
ARTICLE 22. [EFFECTS OF RATIFICATION OR ACCESSION]. Without prejudice to any exceptions provided for in Article 20. 1. b) and 28. 2, the ratification or accession shall automatically entail the right, accession to all the clauses and admission to all the advantages stipulated by this Act .
ARTICLE 23. [Earlier Acts]. After the entry into force of this Act in its entirety, a country may accede to earlier Acts of this Convention.
ARTICLE 24. [territories].
1. Any country may declare in its instrument of ratification or accession, or may inform in writing to the Director General, at any time thereafter, that this Convention shall apply to all or part of the territories designated in the declaration or notification by which it is responsible for external relations.
2. Any country that has made such a declaration or given such a notification may, at any time, notify the Director General that this Convention shall cease to be applicable in all or part of those territories.
3. a) The declaration made under paragraph 1 shall take effect on the same date as the ratification or accession in the instrument in which it was included and the notification under this paragraph shall take effect three months after its notification by the director General;
B) The notification under paragraph 2 shall take effect twelve months after its receipt by the Director General.
ARTICLE 25. [IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONVENTION ON THE NATIONAL LEVEL].
1. Any country party to this Convention undertakes to adopt, in accordance with its Constitution, the measures necessary to ensure the implementation of this Convention.
2. It is understood that, at the time a country deposits its instrument of ratification or accession, is in a position under its domestic law to implement the provisions of this Convention.
Article 26 [REPORT].
1. This Agreement shall remain in force without limitation of time.
2. Any country may denounce this Act by notification addressed to the Director General. This complaint also denunciation of all earlier Acts and shall affect only the country that has made, being in full force and the Convention in respect of the other countries of the Union.
3. Denunciation shall take effect one year after the date on which the Director General has received the notification.
4. The right of denunciation provided by this Article shall not be exercised by any country before the expiration of a period of five years from the date on which it becomes a member of the Union.
Article 27. [Application of Earlier Acts].
1. This Act replaces in relations between the countries to which it applies, and to the extent that they apply, to the Paris Convention of March 20, 1883 and subsequent Acts of revision.
2. a) For countries that does not apply to this Act, or not in whole, but which would be applicable the Lisbon Act of October 31, 1958, the latter shall remain in force in whole or to the extent that the present Act does not replace under paragraph 1);
B) Similarly, as regards countries which do not apply neither the present Act, nor portions thereof, nor the Lisbon Act, remain in force on the London Act of June 2, 1934, in full or to the extent that the present Act does not replace under paragraph 1);
C) Similarly, as regards countries which do not apply neither the present Act, nor portions thereof, nor the Lisbon Act, nor the London Act, shall remain in force Act of the Hague 6 November 1925, in its entirety or to the extent that the present Act does not replace under paragraph 1);
3. Outside the Union to become a party to this Act countries, apply in their relations with any country of the Union that is not part of this Act or, being part, it has made the declaration under Article 20. 1) b) i). Such countries recognize that the EU country concerned may apply, in its relations with them, the provisions of the most recent Act of which he is a party.
ARTICLE 28- [DIFFERENCES].
1. Any dispute between two or more countries of the Union concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention which is not settled by negotiation, may be brought by any of the countries in dispute before the International Court of Justice by application in conformity with the Statute of the Court, unless the countries concerned agree on another method of settlement. The International Bureau shall be informed about the dispute submitted to the Court by the applicant country. The Office shall inform the other countries of the Union.
2. At the time of signing this Act or deposits its instrument of ratification or accession, declare that it is considered not bound by the provisions of paragraph 1). The provisions of paragraph 1) shall not apply with respect to any dispute between those countries and the other countries of the Union.
3. Any country which has made a declaration pursuant to paragraph 2 may withdraw it at any time, by notification addressed to the Director General.
ARTICLE 29 [Signature, Languages, Depositary Functions].
1. a) This Act shall be signed in a single copy in the French language and shall be deposited with the Government of Sweden;
B) The Director General shall establish official texts, after consultation with the interested Governments, in German, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese and Russian languages, and other languages as the Assembly may designate;
C) In case of dispute on the interpretation of the various texts, the French text is authoritative.
2. This Act shall remain open for signature at Stockholm until January 13, 1968. 3
. The Director General shall transmit two copies of the signed text of this Act, certified by the Government of Sweden to the governments of all countries of the Union and the government of any other country on request.
4. The Director General shall register this Act with the Secretariat of the United Nations.
5. The Director General shall notify the Governments of all countries of the Union of signatures, deposits of instruments of ratification or accession and any declarations included in such instruments or made pursuant to Article 20. 1) c), entry into force of all the provisions of this Act, notifications of denunciation, and notifications pursuant to Article 24.
Article 30. [Transitional Provisions].
1. Until the entry into first Director General, shall be deemed to references in this Act to the International Bureau of the Organization or the Director General shall be construed, respectively, to the Office of the Union or its Director.
2. The countries of the Union which are not bound by Articles 13 to 17 may, if they wish, exercise for five years from the entry into force of the Convention establishing the Organization, the rights under Articles 13 to 17 of the this Act as if they were bound by those articles. Any country desiring to exercise such rights deposited with the Director General a written notice that takes effect on the date of its receipt. These countries will be considered as members of the Assembly until the expiration of that period.
3. While there are countries of the Union who have not become members of the Organization, the International Bureau of the Organization and the Director General shall also functions corresponding respectively to the office of the Union and its Director.
4. Once all the countries of the Union have become Members of the Organization, the rights, obligations and assets of the Office of the Union shall devolve on the International Bureau of the Organization.
The undersigned Head of the Legal Office
Ministry of Foreign Affairs DECLARES
That this reproduction is faithful copy of the certificate text taken from "Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property Industrial ", made in Paris on March 20, 1883, revised at Brussels on December 14, 1900, in Washington on June 2, 1911, in the Hague on November 6, 1925, in London on June 2, 1934 in Lisbon on October 31, 1958, in Stockholm on July 14, 1967 and amended on October 2, 1979.
Given in Bogota, DC, nine (9)
days of July in 1993 (1993).
The Head of Legal Office, MARTHA
HOPE WHEEL MERCHÁN. I
certify true copy of the Spanish
official text of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property
of March 20, 1883, revised on 14 July 1967 and amended
October 1979. Arpad Bogsch, director General
World Intellectual Property Organization
Geneva, 28 May 1991.
EXECUTIVE BRANCH PUBLIC POWER
PRESIDENCY OF THE REPUBLIC Bogotá, DC
Approved. Submit to the consideration of the honorable
National Congress for constitutional purposes.
(Sgd.) César Gaviria Trujillo
The Minister of Foreign Affairs,
(Sgd.) RUBIO Noemi Sanin. DECREES
ITEM 1A. To approve the "Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property" made in Paris on March 20, 1883, revised at Brussels on December 14, 1900, in Washington on June 2, 1911, in The Hague on 6 November 1925, in London on June 2, 1934, in Lisbon on October 31, 1958, in Stockholm on July 14, 1967 and amended on October 2, 1979.
ARTICLE 2A. In accordance with article 1. 7a Act. 1944 the "Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property" made in Paris on March 20, 1883, revised at Brussels on December 14, 1900, in Washington on June 2, 1911, in The Hague on 6 November 1925, in London on June 2, 1934, in Lisbon on October 31, 1958, in Stockholm on July 14, 1967 and amended on October 2, 1979, that article 1. this law passed, it will force the country from the date the international link is perfect therefrom.
ARTICLE 3A. This law applies from the date of publication.
The President of the honorable Senate, GUILLERMO JUAN ANGEL MEJIA
The Secretary of the Senate of the Republic,
PUMAREJO PEDRO VEGA.
The President of the honorable House of Representatives
BENEDETTI ALVARO VARGAS.
The Secretary General of the honorable House of Representatives, DIEGO VIVAS
REPUBLIC OF COLOMBIA - NATIONAL GOVERNMENT
communication and publication. Run
prior review by the Constitutional Court,
under Article 241-10 of the Constitution.
Given in Cartagena de Indias, 28 December 1994.
Ernesto Samper Pizano Minister of Foreign Affairs,
RODRIGO PARDO GARCÍA-PEÑA.
The Minister of Economic Development, RODRIGO MARIN BERNAL
(1). Titles have been added to articles in order to facilitate their identification. The text signed no titles.