LAW 20 OF 1992
Official Gazette No. 40,640, of October 26, 1992
Through which the Organization of the Andrés Bello educational, scientific, technological and approved Cultural, signed in Madrid on November 27, 1990 Effective Jurisprudence
THE CONGRESS OF COLOMBIA,
having regard to the text of the "Organization of the Andrés Bello educational, technological and cultural", signed in Madrid on November 27, 1990, which reads:
"pREAMBLE tHE HIGH CONTRACTING PARTIES
Aware that the Education, Culture, Science and Technology are essential tools for the integral development of countries, leading to a better standard and quality of life to their people ;
Convinced that this development should be pursued within the framework of a common pursuit of peace, freedom, justice and solidarity among peoples;
Prompted by the desire to strengthen and promote relations of countries through measures for producing a true integration of their efforts and capabilities; and
Driven by the knowledge that such integration can be strengthened with the accession of the states that so wish, particularly in education, scientific, technological and culture;
they expressed their willingness to sign a new Andrés Bello Agreement on Educational Integration, Scientific, Technological and Cultural, to replace the agreement signed in Bogota on January 31, 1970, in order to expand and strengthen the dynamic process integration, support development and improve the material and spiritual welfare of the people.
Agreed as follows: CHAPTER
name and objectives.
ARTICLE 1o. the Andres Bello Organization of educational, scientific, technological and cultural, named in honor and recognition of the work of the American humanist Don Andrés Bello is created.
. The purpose of the organization is educational, scientific, technological and cultural integration of Member States, for which undertake concerted efforts at the international level in order to:
a) To encourage mutual understanding and brotherhood among them.
B) Contribute to the achievement of a proper balance in the process of educational, scientific, technological and cultural.
C) Carry out joint efforts for education, science, technology and culture to achieve comprehensive development of their nations; and
d) Apply science and technology to raising the living standards of their peoples.
ARTICLE 3. To achieve these purposes, the Organization will promote, among others, the following:
a) Develop and implement plans, programs, projects and integrated activities;
B) Encouraging joint development projects that contribute to improving productivity in areas of the organization;
C) Develop cooperative relationships with other countries and with national and international governmental and non-governmental organizations;
D) Develop and submit draft agreements on the protection and defense of cultural heritage, taking into account international conventions on the subject;
E) Encourage the reciprocal granting of scholarships;
F) Supporting, on a reciprocal basis, the establishment of quotas for students from Member States enter or continue their studies in institutions of higher education;
G) Unifying criteria for recognizing levels of knowledge and / or skills acquired in trades outside of formal education, by nationals of any Member States;
H) To promote the dissemination of culture in Member States and progress in education, science and technology, through the press, radio, television, film and other media;
I) To encourage the publication and dissemination of literary and scientific values among Member States.
ARTICLE 4. Member States shall recognize primary or general basic education and middle or secondary education studies using equivalence tables that allow the continuity of the same or obtaining certificates corresponding courses, levels, methods or degrees accredited in any of those .
The 5th ITEM. Member States shall recognize the diplomas, degrees or diplomas issued by certifying professional higher education institutions and academic studies each, for the sole purpose of admission to post-graduate studies (Specialization, Master and PhD). The latter do not imply the right to practice in the country where they are made.
ARTICLE 6o. Member States shall submit specific programmatic lines consider priorities in each of the areas of competence of the organization.
Based on them, the Organization formulate projects of Education, Science and Technology and Culture to include, among its activities, exchange of technical assistance, internships, seminars, workshops and exchange of experts, in order to contribute strengthening integration.
ARTICLE 7. Member States shall organize meetings and cooperation programs for the timely exchange of information on topics of interest to them.
Article 8. Member States shall encourage the development of multinational programs of research, experimentation, innovation and technology transfer in the areas of education, science and culture. CHAPTER TWO
Legal nature and structure.
Article 9. The Organization shall have international legal personality and in this regard will enjoy full capacity in the exercise of their functions for the achievement of its purposes, and in particular may:
a) To conclude agreements with States and International Organizations;
B) acquire, lease and dispose of goods and services and generally celebrate all kinds of acts and contracts;
C) be a party to legal processes and initiate legal proceedings.
ARTICLE 10. The bodies that make up the Organization of the Andrés Bello, are:
- The Meeting of Ministers.
- The Executive Secretariat.
- The Technical Committee on Education, Science and Technology and Culture.
ARTICLE 11. The highest authority of the Organization is the Meeting of Ministers of Education of Member States, which corresponds:
a) Establish the general policy of the Organization;
B) To study and propose amendments to this Convention;
C) To approve the statutory and regulatory standards, in all matters within its jurisdiction;
D) Create, modify or delete according to your needs, specialized entities, defining their fields of action and approving their statutes;
E) Appoint the executive authorities of the Organization;
F) Analyze and approve the program-budget of the Organization;
G) To authorize the signing of Headquarters Agreements with Member States;
H) Define the functions of the organs of the Organization and delegating own it deems appropriate;
I) exercise the other powers assigned to this Convention, Statutes or Regulations, as appropriate.
ARTICLE 12. The Meeting of Ministers shall be composed of the holders of the Portfolios of Education of Member States or their duly accredited representatives.
ARTICLE 13. The Meeting of Ministers shall meet in regular session every two (2) years and in extraordinary session at the request of the President of the last regular meeting, or call for three of its members. The venue of the next meeting will be agreed during the last regular meeting.
ARTICLE 14. The approval or decision-making in matters pertaining to the Meeting of Ministers, will require the favorable vote of half plus one of the total of its members.
ARTICLE 15. The Executive Body of the Organization is the Executive Secretariat and its owner is the legal representative of the Organization.
The functions of the Executive Secretariat:
a) execute the policies of the Organization;
B) Prepare the Meeting of Ministers;
C) Comply with and enforce the resolutions and other agreements of the Meeting of Ministers;
D) To administer the Financing Fund of the Organization;
E) Prepare the proposed program-budget of the Organization;
F) To coordinate the activities of the organs and specialized agencies;
G) Maintain relations of the Organization with third countries and national and international organizations;
H) Other functions determined by the Meeting of Ministers.
ARTICLE 16. The Principal Advisory Committee will be the subsidiary body of the Meeting of Ministers of Education, inform the agenda and proposals that are submitted to the Meeting and evaluate periodically the implementation of its decisions. This Committee shall be composed of the National Secretaries or the representative of the Minister of Education designated by each country.
ARTICLE 17. The Organization shall have Technical Commissions for Education, Science and Technology and Culture, whose aim will be to formulate or evaluate draft programming in the respective area, which will be presented by the Executive Secretariat to the Meeting of Ministers, for approval, after consideration of the Commission Senior Advisor. Technical Commissions shall be composed of a specialist in each Member State in each of these areas.
ARTICLE 18. In each of the Member States operate a National Secretariat, responsible for all matters related to the Organization.
Each Member State may establish, in accordance with its internal rules, other national bodies to support the activities of the Organization, in coordination with the National Secretariats.
ARTICLE 19. The Organization may have specialized entities, which will aim to contribute to the achievement of the purposes that their statutes and other functions established by the Meeting of Ministers.
These entities maintain ties of subordination and coordination with the organs of the Organization, through its Executive Secretariat.
ARTICLE 20. A specialized entities mentioned in the previous article, it will be recognized autonomy in their headquarters, membership, finance and admnistración in accordance with the provisions of paragraph d) of Article 11. The country
headquarters of each of these entities will ensure the necessary facilities for its operation, in accordance with its domestic law. CHAPTER THREE
ARTICLE 21. Financing Fund consists of contributions from Member States. Interest and other income producing, financing will support joint projects and activities.
ARTICLE 22. The Fund may be renewed and increased with extraordinary fees in the amount and periodicity agreed by the Meeting of Ministers.
Article 23. Member States retain ownership of the nominal value of their contributions and can not remove them while they are part of the Organization.
ARTICLE 24. The availability of interest and other income of the Fund, does not exempt the countries that are Headquarters or the Specialized Entities, to assume the financing of local expenses incurred in the operation thereof. CHAPTER FOUR
Privileges and Immunities.
ARTICLE 25. The Organization shall enjoy in the territory of each of the Member States such privileges and immunities necessary for the exercise of their functions and the achievement of its objectives.
The representatives of Member States, the Executive Secretary and the staff of the Executive Secretariat and other bodies, shall enjoy the privileges and immunities necessary for the independent exercise of the functions related to the Organization.
The privileges and immunities referred to in the preceding paragraphs are:
a) In the territory of any Member State party to the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies of the United Nations, as defined in the terms of that Convention;
B) In the territory of Member States which are not part of the said Convention, the Headquarters Agreement defined in other instruments concluded for that purpose with the Organization. CHAPTER FIVE
ARTICLE 26. Disputes concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention which can not be settled by direct diplomatic negotiations between the parties, shall be submitted for settlement to the Meeting of Ministers.
If the dispute was not resolved within that body, shall, with the consent of the parties, any of the mechanisms provided by international law for the peaceful settlement of disputes.
CHAPTER SIX Final Provisions.
ARTICLE 27. This Agreement may not be subject to reservations at the time of signature, ratification or accession.
ARTICLE 28. Any Contracting Party may denounce this Convention by written notification to the Depositary, which shall take effect one year after the date of receipt thereof.
ARTICLE 29. The Government of the Republic of Colombia will assume the functions of Depositary. Consequently, it will guard the original text of the Convention and shall send certified copies thereof to the signatories and the Parties. Likewise, it will assume all functions recognized by international law to international conventions Depositories.
ARTICLE 30. This Agreement is subject to ratification by the signatory countries.
ARTICLE 31. This Agreement shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date of deposit of the fifth instrument of ratification. For other signatories shall enter into force on the date of the deposit of its instrument of ratification.
ARTICLE 32. After its entry into force, this Convention shall be open to accession by other countries as full members or observers, in accordance with the procedures and under the conditions stipulated by the Meeting of Ministers of education, by regulation.
ARTICLE 33. The provisions of this Convention shall not affect the rights and obligations arising from agreements signed by any country before its entry into force.
ARTICLE 34. Andres Bello Agreement on Educational Integration, Scientific and Cultural Countries of the Andean Region, signed on January 31, 1970, is hereby repealed with the entry into force of this Convention, the Organization automatically passing all assets, rights and obligations under therefrom.
ARTICLE 35. Amendments to this Convention agreed, as set out in paragraph b) of Article 11 thereof, for its entry into force, subject to the procedure set forth in Article 31 of the Convention. SEVENTH CHAPTER
Article 36. Member States of the Andrés Bello educational, Scientific and Cultural Countries of the Andean Region, signed in Bogota on January 31, 1970, which do not sign or ratify this Agreement not within six months after its entry into force, will lose all rights acquired during the term of the previous Convention, but must meet the commitments that are pending under it.
ARTICLE 37. All the provisions adopted by the Meeting of Ministers of Education of the Andrés Bello Convention 1970 remain in force even after the entry into force of this Convention as they do not conflict and until they are modified.
Article 38 signatory countries ratify this Convention after its entry into force, subject to all provisions that had so far approved the organs of the Organization shall apply.
Made in the city of Madrid, in one original, this 27th day of November in 1990.
For the Government of the Republic of Bolivia, Mariano Baptista Gumucio, Minister of Education and Culture; by the Government of the Republic of Colombia, Alfonso Valdivieso Sarmiento, Minister of Education; by the Government of the Republic of Chile, Raul Allard Neumann, Secretary of Public Education; by the Government of the Republic of Ecuador, Alfredo Valdivieso Gangotena, Ambassador of the Republic of Ecuador in Spain; by the Kingdom of Spain, Javier Solana Madariaga, Minister of Education and Science; by the Government of the Republic of Panama, Laurentino Gudiño Bazan, Deputy Minister of Education; by the Government of the Republic of Peru, Gloria Helfer Palacios, Minister of State in the Office of Education; by the Government of the Republic of Venezuela, Gustavo Rossen, Minister of Education.
The undersigned Secretary 044 Grade 11 of the Legal Secretariat of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs DECLARES
That this reproduction is true and complete copy of the original text of the "Andres Bello Convention Organisation Integration educational, Scientific, Technological and Cultural "made in Madrid on November 27, 1990, which lies in the archives of the Secretariat for Legal Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Given in Bogota, DC, on the twenty (22) days of the month of November in 1991 (1991).
Clara Inés Vargas de Losada
--------- EXECUTIVE BRANCH PUBLIC POWER
PRESIDENCY OF THE REPUBLIC Santafe de Bogota, DC, December 19, 1991. Approved
. Submit to the consideration of the honorable National Congress for constitutional purposes.
César Gaviria Trujillo Minister of Foreign Affairs, Noemi Sanin
ARTICLE 1o. Approval of the "Andres Bello Organization of educational, scientific, technological and cultural", signed in Madrid on 27 November 1990.
. In accordance with the provisions of article 1. 7a Act. 1944, the "Organization of the Andrés Bello educational, Scientific, Technological and Cultural" signed in Madrid on November 27, 1990, that the first article of this law is passed, will force the country from the date that international link is perfected.
ARTICLE 3. This Law governs from the date of publication.
The President of the honorable Senate, BLACKBURN JOSE CORTES
The Secretary General of the honorable Senate,
PUMAREJO PEDRO VEGA.
The President of the honorable House of Representatives, CAESAR
GARCIA PEREZ Secretary General of the honorable House of Representatives, Silverio
SALCEDO MOSQUERA. -----
Republic of Colombia - National Government.
Published and execute.
Given in Bogota, DC, 28 October 1992.
César Gaviria Trujillo Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs, in charge of the functions
Office of the Minister of Foreign Affairs | WILMA HARVEST TURBAY
|| Minister of National Education, CARLOS HOLMES TRUJILLO GARCÍA