Environmental Pollution In Zhejiang Province Supervision And Administration 2011 (Revised)

Original Language Title: 浙江省环境污染监督管理办法(2011年修正本)

Read the untranslated law here: http://www.chinalaw.gov.cn/article/fgkd/xfg/dfzfgz/201206/20120600369188.shtml

Environmental pollution in Zhejiang Province supervision and administration 2011 (revised) (No. 216 of July 13, 2006, Zhejiang Province people's Government of Zhejiang Province, issued on December 21, 2010 order No. 284, published by Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang Provincial people's Government to amend regulations on wage payment of 18 pieces, such as the management of the enterprise's decision for the first amendments on December 31, 2011, order No. 289 Zhejiang Province people's Government promulgated by December 31, 2011, the Zhejiang Provincial people's Government on changes of urban road management in Zhejiang Province

    14 second amendments to regulatory decisions) Chapter I General provisions

    First for the supervision and administration of strengthening pollution prevention and to protect and improve the environment and promote comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development of economy and society, in accordance with the People's Republic of China environmental protection law and other laws and regulations, combined with the facts of the province, these measures are formulated.

    Article environmental pollution prevention and control and supervision within the administrative area of the province, these measures shall apply.

    Marine, radioactive, electromagnetic radiation pollution prevention and supervision, these procedures do not apply.

    Article people's Governments at all levels should adhere to the policy of placing equal stress on environmental protection and economic and social development, implementation of environmental protection in development and in promoting development in the protection of the environment, environmental protection and the development of integrated decision making, promote the development of recycling economy, realize the integration of economic, social and environmental benefits.

    Article people's Governments at all levels should establish and improve the responsibility system for environmental protection, environmental quality Chief Executive accountability system into practice, within the term established environmental protection targets and annual implementation plans and pollution prevention within their respective administrative areas and environmental quality in performance evaluation of leading cadres.

    Fifth in the budget each year, the people's Governments above the county level shall arrange special funds for environmental protection, supervision and management and pollution prevention, and gradually increase financial input.

    Governments at all levels should be developed and implemented policies and measures for environmental protection, and guide social capital to invest, establish and improve the mechanism of investment and financing of environmental protection, protection of investment in pollution prevention.

    Sixth administrative departments in charge of environmental protection of the people's Governments above the county level shall exercise unified supervision and management of prevention and control of environmental pollution within their respective administrative areas.

    Environmental protection Administrative Department of the people's Governments above the county level may establish, as necessary, the environmental protection agency, commissioned by the competent administrative Department of the people's Governments at the corresponding level of environmental protection, law implementation supervision and management on the area of pollution prevention. Administrative Department of environmental protection's environmental monitoring agency shall bear the pollution discharge Declaration of registration, collecting fees work, investigating environmental pollution accidents and disputes, and to put forward opinions.

    Statutory authority within the Administrative Department of environmental protection can entrust environmental monitoring bodies impose administrative penalties to which they belong.

    The township (town) people's Governments shall strengthen the supervision and inspection of the administrative region pollution prevention, with full-time staff, guarantee funds, and with the Administrative Department of environmental protection and its agencies do work related to environmental protection.

    Seventh article County above government development and reform, and economic and information, and financial, and housing and urban and rural construction (planning), and business, and quality technology supervision, and health, and land resources, and water, and agricultural, and marine and fisheries, and forestry, and tourism, and police, and city integrated law enforcement, and traffic transport, and railway, and civil aviation, administrative competent sector, should according to their duties, is responsible for related of pollution control and supervision management work.

    Eighth article of any units and individuals have the obligation to protect the environment has the right to impeach and accuse of pollution, destruction of the environment, directly affected by environmental harm is entitled to exclude dangers and damages.

    Nineth levels of people's Governments and relevant departments to make remarkable achievements in environmental pollution prevention and control in the units and individuals, should be given recognition.

    Chapter II supervision and administration

    Tenth provincial people's Government, as needed, to national environmental quality standards and national emission standards in the items not provided, developing local standards; items have been specified in the national standards, developing local standards stricter than national standards, except as otherwise provided by laws and regulations.

    Provincial Government may appoint a provincial environmental protection Administrative Department in conjunction with the provincial quality and technical supervision and other relevant administrative departments formulate local standards prescribed in the preceding paragraph, can also delegate district municipal people's Government, formulate local standards prescribed in the preceding paragraph.

    11th province environmental protection Administrative Department shall, jointly with the Department of provincial administration organization provincial environmental protection planning and related environmental protection planning, submitted to the provincial people's Government for approval.

    City divided into districts, counties (cities and districts) in environmental protection Administrative Department shall, in conjunction with the relevant competent administrative departments, according to the provincial environmental protection planning and related environmental protection planning, local reality, organization and administrative areas of the corresponding plan, reported by the people's Governments at the corresponding level for approval, and report to the Administrative Department of environmental protection at a higher level for the record.

    12th provincial water control system, total emissions of major pollutants of the atmosphere.

    Provincial environmental protection Administrative Department shall, in conjunction with provincial administrative departments of district city people's Government, according to the relevant regulations of the State and environmental capacity and the level of economic and social development of the province, develop the province's total emissions of major pollutants control plan, submitted to the provincial people's Government for approval.

    13th article of the province imposed on major pollutants discharge permit system. Pollutant discharging unit shall, in accordance with the relevant provisions of national and provincial obtained a licence for discharge and discharge of pollutants in accordance with emission permits.

    No permits, no discharge of pollutants.

    Emission permits should be allowed emission of main pollutants, aggregates, emission standards, emission and pollution control requirements.

    The scope and procedures of issuance of permit implementation, in accordance with the relevant provisions of national and provincial Executive, which permit discharge of major pollutants in the atmosphere, the people's Governments above the county level may delegate the level issued by the Administrative Department of environmental protection.

    14th provincial environmental protection and water conservancy administrative departments shall, jointly with the Department of provincial administration organization province water environmental function zone, water function zoning plan, submitted to the provincial people's Government for approval.

    District of the City Department of environmental protection administration should be established in conjunction with the relevant administrative departments, organized the preparation of the programme of environment functional regionalization of air quality within the administrative area, reported the people's Governments at the corresponding level for approval.

    City divided into districts, counties (cities and districts) in environmental protection Administrative Department shall, in conjunction with the relevant competent administrative departments, organization and the preparation of environmental noise of urban area zoning scheme, reported the people's Governments at the corresponding level for approval.

    Around the industrial layout and structure adjustment and regional development shall meet the requirements of environmental function zone.

    15th people's Governments above the county level shall organize the development of drinking water source protection plan, delineation of drinking water source protection areas according to law, strengthen the protection of drinking water sources, ensuring clean, safe drinking water.

    Prohibition of discharging pollutants in drinking water source protection areas.

    16th area of the serious pollution of the people's Governments above the county level shall define key areas of environmental protection, and to identify key regulatory industries and enterprises, it is within regulation; before key regulatory district has failed to meet remediation objectives, new construction, renovation or expansion of increase of total amount of pollutants project, you must have the appropriate programmes and measures to reduce the project emissions, examination and approval.

    Environmental protection focus on supervision and management of specific rules, developed by the provincial environmental protection Administrative Department, the provincial people's Government for approval.

    17th people's Governments above the county level shall, in accordance with the overall urban planning and regional environmental capacity requirements, organization of livestock and the forbidden area and restricted area and shall be published.

    Ban will be allowed in the new livestock farms; existing livestock farms should be the deadline closed.

    Limits will be allowed in building, expanding livestock farm, livestock and poultry farms within a governance, and strictly control the size.

    18th environmental protection Administrative Department of the people's Governments above the county level to one of the following units, shall order the prescribed period of time or suspend production control:

    (A) the discharge effluent discharge standard of pollutants in excess of the national and provincial regulations;

    (B) the emission of pollutants in excess of the emission targets set;

    (C) the discharge of pollutants is causing serious pollution to the environment.

    Time limit time limit should be based on units of technology and pollution control requirements, maximum shall not exceed 12 months, except as otherwise provided by laws and regulations.

    During a prescribed period, enterprises and limited production, shut down or other measures should be taken so that emissions comply with the time limit prescribed by the requirements, and may be constructed to increase of total amount of pollutants project.

    Expiry of the time limit, the Administrative Department of environmental protection enterprises and effect should be acceptance.

    Article 19th regional, basin environmental quality due to force majeure such as natural causes are not up to the quality of environmental function zone requirements, can the people's Governments above the county level shall be based on pollutant discharging unit emission of pollutants, the units take measures such as limiting, ensure that the environmental quality of the Ribbon. 20th of polluter emissions polluted the environment, eliminate pollution by the units responsible for themselves.

    Units do not eliminate or is incapable of eliminating pollution, environmental protection Administrative Department of the people's Governments above the county level in accordance with the specified unit removed, disposal costs borne by the polluter.

    21st people's Governments above the county level administrative Department of environmental protection and environmental monitoring agency may, in accordance with the on-site inspection of the units within the administrative area. When inspectors conduct site inspections, field monitoring, collecting samples, check out the information, and so on.

    Causing severe environmental pollution, environmental protection Administrative Department of the people's Governments above the county level may, in accordance with the relevant laws and regulations on measures relating to facilities, goods temporarily or storage.
22nd environmental protection Administrative Department of the people's Governments above the county level shall strengthen the operation of sewage treatment facilities monitoring and management.

    Provinces, districts, Administrative Department of environmental protection shall regularly publish their own administrative area sewage treatment facilities run total effluent monitoring results.

    23rd people's Governments above the county level shall take effective measures to protect the public right to environmental information, encourage and support public participation in environmental protection.

    For violations of environmental laws, rules and regulations units, environmental protection Administrative Department of the people's Governments above the county level shall publish lists of illegal units.

    Included in the list of key enterprises of environmental management units should regularly publish the emissions of major pollutants, subject to public supervision.

    Chapter III pollution control

    24th according to law shall be subject to approval of the related activities of environmental protection, people's Governments above the county level must be approval by the Administrative Department of environmental protection, industry and commerce administration departments must permit the approval of the competent departments of the environmental impact assessment documents for registration, issuance of the business license. 25th in environmental impact assessment approval documents explicitly required pilot or pilot projects, the construction unit shall provide the approval documents for environmental impact assessment environmental protection Administrative Department in charge of trying or trying to run the application.

    Environmental protection Administrative Department shall, from the date of acceptance of the application whether it agreed with the audit observations made within 20th; audited agreed, it shall notify the applicant, audited do not agree, it shall explain the reasons.

    Construction project during pilot production or trial operation, supporting the construction of environmental protection facilities should be the main part of the project was put into operation, emissions of pollutants should be consistent with the Administrative Department of environmental protection in accordance with law on trial production or trial operation requirements.

    Units shall in the construction project trial production or trial operation before the expiry of, to the original examination and approval of environmental impact assessment environmental protection Administrative Department of the application acceptance of completed environmental protection installation of construction project. 26th units shall establish the pollution control facilities operation management account.

    Ledger shall contain the pollution control facilities operation, maintenance and the corresponding parameters, pollutant emissions and monitoring data.

    Units should be kept normal use of pollutant treatment facilities; the failed, should take immediate and effective measures to stop or reduce the emission of pollutants and corrective maintenance installations, troubleshoot, and report to the local administrative Department of environmental protection. Units of emissions of pollutants shall be strengthened daily testing, ensure that pollutant emissions.

    Units incapable of self test shall entrust a qualified unit tests. Pollutant discharging unit shall, in accordance with national and provincial technology specifications and standards set the outlet and approval in accordance with regulations.

    Banned the use of stormwater discharges.

    27th units according to law in the production plant or plant leasing, contract to others, you should lease, contract expressly agreed pollution control responsibilities and obligations in the agreement; not pollution control responsibilities and duties prescribed in the agreement, lease, the employer should undertake pollution control responsibilities and obligations.

    Any unit and individual is prohibited for serious environmental pollution and provide a forum for production and business activities without obtaining a business license and other conditions.

    28th units directly to environmental pollutants discharged to centralized urban sewage treatment facilities or a class of water pollutants, their pollutant emissions shall not exceed the national or provincial emission standards to centralized urban sewage treatment facilities discharging two classes of water pollutants, in accordance with the relevant laws, regulations and national and provincial standards.

    Any of the following circumstances, belong not to the normal use of water pollutant treatment facilities:

    (A) in part or in whole without treatment facilities for water pollutants directly into the environment;

    (B) non-emergency cases will be part or all of the pollutants from the water pollutant treatment facilities emergency discharge valve is released into the environment;

    (C) untreated water pollutant water pollutant treatment facilities into the environment;

    (D) unauthorized stops use of some water pollutant treatment facilities;

    (E) violation of operating procedures use water pollutant treatment facilities;

    (F) treatment facilities after the failure of water pollutants, units are not timely troubleshooting, still water pollutants;

    (G) violations of water pollutant treatment techniques, dilution of water means treatment of pollutants;

    (VIII) other circumstances that not normal use of water pollutant treatment facilities.

    29th industrial sewage treatment unit with a legal personality, pollution prevention responsibilities borne by the unit; does not have legal personality, and sewage discharged into the industrial wastewater treatment facilities shared pollution prevention responsibilities. Urban sewage shall be centrally treated.

    People's Governments at various levels shall have plans to build urban sewage treatment facilities and of harmless sludge treatment facilities, establish and improve urban sewage pipe network supporting, strengthening urban water environment comprehensive improvement.

    Are conditions of the country should gradually build sewage treatment facilities and improve rural water environment.

    Article 30th discharges of urban and industrial sewage treatment facilities, must comply with national and provincial standards.

    Centralized urban sewage treatment facilities operating units discovered nanotubes when water quality shall promptly report to the location, the construction of the Administrative Department of environmental protection, and shall take effective measures to prevent the total effluent discharge standard, can also be taken off the excess units na pipe valve action.

    31st units should be to deal with pollutants, you can also entrust qualified units and individuals dispose of pollutants or pollution prevention facilities on behalf of operation management. Sewage disposal units commissioned units and individuals, or running, trust agreement shall be signed, specify the rights, obligations and responsibilities of both parties.

    Units should sign an agreement from the date of agreement within the 7th report the Administrative Department of environmental protection records.

    Units may not authorize non-qualified units and individuals running during the disposal of pollutants or management installations without qualified units and individuals shall not accept the delegate units.

    32nd people's Governments above the county level shall make an overall plan, there are plans to build rural and urban domestic waste collection, transportation, disposal facilities, improve the utilization of solid waste, and gradually realize the centralized harmless treatment of urban and rural solid waste.

    Article 33rd in urban areas where noise-sensitive buildings are concentrated, against environmental noise pollution of night jobs such as the construction, repair, rescue operations and other special needs must be continuous except for the job. Special needs continuum, the construction unit shall, before construction work to the local counties (cities, districts) apply to the Administrative Department of environmental protection. Administrative Department of environmental protection should be made within 3 working days from the date of acceptance of the application agree to an audit opinion; approval, shall notify the applicant in writing, audit did not agree, it shall explain the reasons.

    After examination and approval of construction operations at night, the construction unit shall notice residents nearby.

    The Administrative Department of environmental protection approved by the people's Governments at the corresponding level, and college entrance examination of noise during construction operations prohibitive provisions.

    34th prohibits the manufacturer without the discharge piping or treatment facilities discharging dust and exhaust.

    Banned in residential construction, reconstruction and extension project of odor, odor, dust.

    Banned in residential buildings (mainly for residents living in apartment buildings) within the new noise, fumes, smoke, odors of food, entertainment services business project, but plans as catering, entertainment service buildings excluded.

    Within the limits prescribed in the preceding paragraph has made business licenses, business projects, without obtaining the approval of environmental impact assessment, industrial and commercial administrative departments to investigate and punish. 35th city strictly control the external walls of buildings in the urban areas the use of reflective materials.

    Using reflective materials for exterior wall of a building, shall conform to the national and provincial standards.

    Outdoor lighting equipment shall comply with the environmental requirements of decorative lighting technical specifications, shall not affect the normal life of residents. Livestock should be in accordance with the relevant provisions of article 36th collection, storage, use or disposal of animal manure produced in the breeding process; discharging pollutants into the environment, and shall meet the requirements of the national and provincial emissions standards.

    Livestock and poultry farms have been built, its emissions are not up to national and provincial emissions standards, time limit, to prevent pollution of the environment. New intensive livestock and poultry farms should be in accordance with the relevant provisions of national and provincial environmental impact assessment, pollution discharge Declaration, obtained a licence for discharge and other procedures.

    Livestock and poultry farms in scale, the people's Governments above the county level shall, in environmental impact assessment, pollutant treatment facilities, subsidies, reduction of costs and other support measures.

    Specific criteria for intensive livestock farming, the Department of the provincial environmental protection administration in conjunction with the provincial departments of agriculture administration; non-pollution control of intensive livestock farming specific rules formulated by the people's Governments above the county level.

    37th to encourage livestock farmers with science and technology and methods in accordance with national and provincial technical standards and norms, promote the use of biogas, organic fertilizer, and comprehensive utilization of livestock waste produced in the process.

    Financial administrative departments of agriculture Administration Department shall, together with the specific measures such as subsidies to livestock waste recycling.

    Article 38th agriculture administration departments at or above the county level shall strengthen the agricultural producers to use pesticides, agricultural chemicals such as fertilizers, agricultural films, guidance and supervision to prevent agricultural chemical pollution of the soil and agricultural products.

    Environmental protection Administrative Department of the people's Governments above the county level shall strengthen the supervision and management of the agricultural environment, in conjunction with the agriculture and other relevant administrative departments to carry out the environmental and safety supervision and monitoring work.

    The fourth chapter monitoring, emergency response and
39th province environmental protection Administrative Department shall establish a comprehensive environmental monitoring system and monitoring networks, develop integrated environmental monitoring standards in the province.

    Environmental protection Administrative Department of the people's Governments above the county level shall organize and supervise the routine environmental monitoring environmental monitoring agencies, to grasp the environmental quality within their respective administrative areas, pollutant emissions and trends, unified publishing environmental information and environmental quality report on the State of their respective administrative areas.

    Environmental monitoring institutions shall, in accordance with national and provincial environmental monitoring standards to carry out environmental monitoring, monitoring the accuracy of the data and responsible for monitoring data and monitoring findings. 40th article of the province to establish trans-transfer section of the river water quality monitoring systems. Provincial environmental protection administrative department responsible for organizing the monitoring of the transition section of water environmental quality situation in the province.

    Environmental protection Administrative Department of the people's Governments above the county level are responsible for the Administration in the transition section of water environmental quality monitoring and reports on monitoring results the people's Governments at the corresponding level, and announced to the public.

    Transfer section adjacent administrative areas of water pollution control in the people's Governments above the county level shall establish joint mechanisms to take effective measures to ensure environmental safety.

    Transition section of water environmental quality not up to the specified control objectives, adjacent administrative areas of the people's Governments shall coordinate; coordination fails, by a common higher level people's Government decision. 41st direct discharge of pollutants into the environment of the unit should be installed in accordance with the provisions of pollutant discharge online monitoring equipment.

    Online monitoring and control of specific scope and management rules by the provincial environmental protection administration departments concerned shall be formulated by the Administrative Department.

    Online monitoring units should ensure the normal operation of the equipment, shall not be removed, damaged line monitoring and control equipment line monitoring and control equipment failure, it should be immediately reported to the environmental protection Administrative Department of the people's Governments above the county level. Online monitoring equipment should be included in emissions online information systems.

    Online monitoring equipment under normal operating conditions the monitoring data obtained can be used as evidence of implementation of environmental supervision and management of the Administrative Department of environmental protection.

    42nd levels of people's Governments shall, in accordance with environmental public emergency preparedness requirements, establish rapid and effective emergency system and mechanism of treatment of sudden public events, and effectively guard against and treatment of sudden public events.

    Units should take effective measures to prevent environmental pollution accidents occurred. May cause significant environmental pollution accidents, developed by the people's Governments above the county level shall, in accordance with emergency plans and the circumstances of the entity, the formulation of the environmental pollution accident emergency plan, and report to the local administrative Department of environmental protection records.

    List of units of a possible major environmental pollution accident, the Department of the provincial environmental protection administration in collaboration with the province, prepared and published by the administrative department concerned.

    Article 43rd when environmental pollution accidents occur, pollutant discharging unit shall immediately take contingency measures, and immediately to the local people's Governments above the county level responsible for environmental protection departments and relevant departments report may endanger the safety of life, health and property of the public, it shall immediately inform the peripheral units and residents.

    Relevant departments of the people's Governments above the county level, and after receiving the environmental pollution accident report shall immediately start the appropriate contingency plans, to take effective measures to dispose of.

    The fifth chapter legal liability

    44th acts in violation of these rules, provisions of relevant laws and regulations, regulations on punishment, from its provisions.

    Article 45th disobey 13th article, lack of emission permit emission of major pollutants, environmental protection Administrative Department of the people's Governments above the county level shall be ordered to desist from the illegal act and can be fined a maximum of between 50,000 yuan and 20,000 yuan.

    46th in violation of the third paragraph of article 18th, units during the time limit pollutant emissions do not meet the requirements of the prescribed period of time prescribed by, the people's Governments above the county level shall double the levy of sewage charges in accordance with law by the Administrative Department of environmental protection, and can be fined a maximum of between 50,000 yuan and 20,000 yuan.

    47th violates the first paragraph of this article 25th, to pilot production or trial operation without approval from environmental protection Administrative Department of the people's Governments above the county level shall be ordered to desist from the illegal act and can be fined a maximum of between 50,000 yuan and 10,000 yuan.

    Violation of paragraph II of this article 25th, construction project in production or trial operation period, the pollutant emissions do not meet the requirements of environmental protection Administrative Department in accordance with law, the people's Governments above the county level administrative Department of environmental protection a rectification, and can be fined a maximum of between 50,000 yuan and 10,000 yuan.

    48th article violates this article 20th, 23rd, 26th of the first paragraph of article III, the people's Governments above the county level administrative Department of environmental protection a rectification, and more than 5000 Yuan and fined a maximum of 50,000 yuan.

    49th in violation of paragraph III of this article 31st, will be entrusted to non-qualified institutions dispose of pollutants, or non-qualified units and individuals entrusted to dispose of pollutants, the environmental protection Administrative Department of the people's Governments above the county level shall order correction within, and can be fined a maximum of between 50,000 yuan and 10,000 yuan.

    Units of 50th article violates these measures 33rd article first to second and 34th article, the people's Governments above the county level administrative Department of environmental protection a rectification, and can be fined a maximum of between 50,000 yuan and 10,000 yuan.

    51st violates the provisions of the second paragraph of this article 27th, the Department of environmental protection administration transfer of Administration for industry and Commerce investigated according to law.

    Violate the provisions of article 35th of the present approach, the Department of people's Governments above the county level city appearance and environmental sanitation administration a rectification, and can be fined a maximum of between 50,000 yuan and 10,000 yuan.

    52nd disobey article 42nd, 43rd article, the people's Governments above the county level administrative Department of environmental protection a rectification, and can be fined a maximum of between 50,000 yuan and 10,000 yuan.

    53rd acts in violation of these rules, causing environmental pollution and damage, in addition to should be given administrative punishments according to law, responsible persons shall be liable for pollution, elimination of hazards, restoring functional responsibilities, and shall bear the responsibility to pay compensation to victims.

    54th and monitored by the Administrative Department of environmental protection agencies and other relevant administrative authorities in violation of the rules of any of the following acts, directly by the authority in accordance with administrative privileges to responsible person in charge and other direct liable persons shall be given administrative sanctions:

    (A) violations of environmental protection laws and regulations and these rules and major mistakes in decision-making, resulting in serious environmental pollution;

    (B) within the jurisdiction of the serious and extremely serious environmental pollution and damage prevention of the accident occurred, has a leadership responsibility;

    (C) refuse to report, making false statements, and delaying the report, undeclared major, serious environmental pollution accident;

    (D) for environmental violations ineffective, harboring and conniving enterprises that illegally discharge pollutants;

    (E) these measures are not in accordance with the provisions in its monitoring and supervisory and management functions;

    (Vi) an implementation of administrative license, the administrative punishment and administrative compulsory measures;

    (VII) other acts of favoritism, abuse their powers, neglect their duties.

    55th at all levels shall mainly leadership and leaders in environmental protection work, neglect their duties, dereliction of duty, malfeasance, and investigated for responsibility according to law.

    56th acts in violation of these rules constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.

    The sixth chapter supplementary articles

    57th pollution control facilities in these measures refers to control waste water, waste gas, solid waste, noise pollution need to set up a variety of facilities and equipment, including pollutant treatment facilities, monitoring equipment, sewage networks, sewage outlets and signs, and so on. 58th article this way come into force on September 1, 2006. July 21, 1999 issued by the provincial people's Government of the Zhejiang Provincial environment supervision measures (provincial governments, 115th) repealed simultaneously.