Grass Seed Management

Original Language Title: 草种管理办法

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(Published on January 12, 2006, the Ministry of agriculture, the 56th as of March 1, 2006) Chapter I General provisions article in order to standardize and strengthen the administration of grass seeds, improving the quality of grass species, maintaining grass varieties and grass seed producers, operators and users of the legitimate rights and interests and promote the healthy development of grass industry, according to the People's Republic of China Law on seeds and the People's Republic of China Law on grassland, these measures are formulated.
    Article People's Republic of China territory of grass varieties and grass seed production, distribution, use, and management activities shall abide by these measures.
    Third species in these measures refers to animal feeding, ecological construction, afforestation and beautification purposes of forage shrubs of herbs and seeds, fruits, roots, stems, shoots, leaves, buds, and other planting material or propagation.
    Competent national grass seed of the fourth Department of agriculture management.
    Competent administrative departments of local people's Governments at or above the county level grassland species management within their respective administrative areas. Fifth Prairie administrative departments and their staff shall not participate in and grass seed production, business activities; grass seed production and management institutions may take part in or engaged in the administration of grass seeds.
    Grass species, administrative departments and production operations in terms of personnel and finances must be kept separate.
    Sixth local people's Governments at or above the county level administrative departments should strengthen the prairie grass germplasm resources conservation and breeding, production, update and promotion efforts, encourage the combination of breeding, production and management, rewards in germplasm resource conservation and breeding, promotion and other work units and individuals who made outstanding achievements.
    Chapter grass germplasm resources protection of the seventh country to protect grass germplasm resources, no unit or individual may seize and destroy.
    The eighth bar according to the needs of the Ministry of agriculture germplasm resources under special State protection list.
    Nineth relevant units of the Ministry of Agriculture Organization collecting, sorting, identification, registration, storage, Exchange and utilization of germplasm resources, establishment of germplasm repository, and regularly publish the availability of germplasm resource directory.
    Tenth Department of agriculture and the provincial Prairie administrative departments under the people's Governments need to build national and local germplasm resources conservation areas or protected. 11th prohibits collecting, exploiting natural grass germplasm resources of national key protection.
    Due to special circumstances such as research collection, the excavation shall be examined by the Prairie administrative departments of the people's Government at the provincial level, reported to the Ministry of agriculture for approval.
    12th grass germplasm resources imported from abroad, should be under quarantine in accordance with law.
    First introduced grass species and quarantine should be achieved conduct a risk assessment and confirmed safety before use.
    13th National grass germplasm resources of sovereignty, all units and individuals to offer foreign germplasm resources, the local governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the competent administrative Department of grassland, reported to the Ministry of agriculture for approval.
    Chapter grass variety selection and validation the 14th State to encourage units and individuals engaged in grass breeding and encouraging research institutes and enterprises to combine breeding species, encourage enterprises to invest in breeding varieties of grass. 15th State implementation of the new system of grass varieties.
    New grass varieties has not been registered, should publish any advertisements, shall operate, promotion.
    The 16th national grass variety Appraisal Committee of the Ministry of agriculture, responsible for the new grass varieties.
    National grass variety appraisal committee composed of related research, teaching, extension, administration and other areas with senior professional titles or positions above the Department level professionals.
    National grass cultivar Director, Deputy Director, Member of the Committee appointed by the Ministry of agriculture.
    New grass varieties registered in the 17th, by the national grass variety Appraisal Committee issued the certificate, the Department of agriculture bulletin.
    Validation notice shall include the registered variety denomination, selection, adaptation, and so on.
    Validation does not pass by the national grass variety Appraisal Committee notifies the applicant in writing and state the reasons.
    18th in China there is no habitual residence or place of business of the foreign citizen, foreign enterprise or other foreign organization in China to apply for new grass varieties, China shall entrust a legal personality of grass seed research, production and management agency.
    Chapter fourth grass seed production the 19th major grass seed production through a licensing system.
    Grass seed production licenses by the grass seed production unit or individual provincial people's Government issued by the administrative departments of the Prairie.
    20th article application received grass species production license of units and personal should has following conditions: (a) has breeding grass species of isolation and foster conditions; (ii) has no national provides quarantine object of grass species production locations; (three) has and grass species production phase adapted of funds and production, and test facilities; (four) has corresponding of professional production and test technicians; (five) legal, and regulations provides of other conditions.
    21st article application received grass species production license of, should submitted following material: (a) grass species production license application table; (ii) professional production and test technicians qualification proved; (three) registered capital proved material; (four) test facilities and instrument equipment listing, and photos and property or legal right proved; (five) grass species bleachery situation introduced or grass species drying equipment photos and the property or legal right proved; (six) grass species warehouse facilities photos and the property or legal right proved;
    (G) the grass seed production sites of the quarantine certificate and briefing; (VIII) grass seed production quality assurance system (I) feature.
    Varieties protected variety shall also provide documentary proof varieties agrees or the assignment contract; production of grass seed is genetically modified varieties, should also be the provision of agricultural genetically modified organism safety certificate. 22nd approval authority shall, from the date of acceptance of the application, 20th in the completion of the review, make a decision whether to grass seed production license issued by.
    Rejection, notify the applicant in writing and state the reasons.
    If necessary, the approval authority for the production site can be drying, drying facilities, storage facilities, test facilities and equipment for field trips.
    23rd grass seed production licensing model provides centrally by the Ministry of agriculture.
    Grass seed production license is valid for 3 years, to continue production after the expiration, licensee shall, prior to the expiry of 3 months the original license holder as per original application procedure to apply for.
    In grass seed production license, the license indicated changes, licensee should change with the original examination and approval authority, and provided supporting materials.
    24th prohibits any units and individuals without a license in the major grass seed production.
    Prohibited to forge, alter, buy or lease grass seed production license. 25th grass seed production units and individuals shall be in accordance with the technical regulations for production of grass species of grass seeds, and a grass seed production archive, containing the production locations, production site environment, previous crops, parent seed source and quality, technical manager, field inspection records, origin records, seed flow and so on.
    Production files shall be kept until 2 years after the grass seed production. Chapter fifth grass operates 26th species operating through a licensing system.
    Grass seed business units and individuals shall first obtain the grass business licenses, grass seed to the Administration for industry and commerce business license to apply or change the license, but according to the seeds Act do not need to apply for business licenses except grass species.
    Mainly grass seeds of hybrid rice seeds and its parent seeds, general business license of the original seed, grass seed business unit and individual Prairie administrative departments of the people's Governments at the county level, where audits, Prairie issued by the administrative departments of the people's Government at the provincial level.
    Grass seed import and export business, business licenses by grass grass seed business unit or individual Prairie administrative departments of the people's Government at the provincial level, where audits issued by the Ministry of agriculture.
    Other grass species license, run by the grass seed units or individuals where grassland issued by the administrative departments of the people's Governments at the county level.
    27th article application received grass species business license of units and personal, should has following conditions: (a) has and business grass species type and number phase adapted of funds and the independent bear civil responsibility of capacity; (ii) has can right recognition by business of grass species, and test grass species quality, and master grass species storage and custody technology of personnel; (three) has and business grass species of type, and number phase adapted of business places and the warehouse facilities; (four) legal, and regulations provides of other conditions.
    28th apply for business licenses of grass species, the following documents shall be submitted: (a) grass seed business permit application form, (ii) site photographs, proof of property rights or legal rights, (iii) grass seed storage facilities list, photographs and proof of property rights or legal rights. 29th approval authority shall, from the date of acceptance of the application, 20th in the completion of the review, whether or not the issuance of business licenses of grass seed decision.
    Not be issued, notify the applicant in writing and state the reasons.
    If necessary, the approval authority can place and processing, packaging, storage facilities and inspection equipment the quality of grass seed for field trips.
    Article 30th d management licensing model provides centrally by the Ministry of agriculture.
    Grass seed business license is valid for 5 years, needs to continue to operate after the expiry, the operator shall, prior to the expiry of 3 months the original license holder as per original application procedure to apply for.
    Grass seed business licenses within the validity period, the license indicated changes, licensee should change with the original examination and approval authority, and provided supporting materials.
    31st any unit and individual is prohibited unlicensed grass.
    Prohibited to forge, alter, buy or lease grass seed business licenses.
    32nd grass managers should the management is responsible for the quality of the grass, and comply with the provisions of relevant laws and regulations, to the grass to provide grass seeds characteristics, cultivation techniques and other consulting services. 33rd selling grass seed should be packaged. Implementation of packaging, you should indicate the packing units, the original grass species or variety name, country of origin.
    Article 34th selling grass seed shall bear a label.
    Labels should indicate the name of the grass species, varieties, seed batch time, name of manufacturer, place of origin, production and quality issues.
    Labelling shall be commensurate with selling grass seed.
    Sales of imported grass species, should be accompanied by a Chinese label.
    35th grass managers should establish grass management files containing grass seed source, processing, storage, transport and quality testing all aspects of the brief description and owner, movements, and so on.
    Business Archives shall be kept until the grass seed sales after 2 years. 36th grassland administration departments at or above the county level shall strengthen the supervision and management of grass species in the local advertising.
    Grass seed advertising content shall comply with the relevant laws and regulations, the main characters description should be consistent with the validation notice, shall not be false, misleading propaganda.
    Sixth chapter 37th grass quality Ministry of agriculture is responsible for establishing the national grass seed quality supervision plan and the grass quality supervision plan, competent administrative departments of local people's Governments at or above the county level grassland, according to the national planning and supervision of local conditions to develop appropriate plans.
    Supervision requirements included in the administrative departments of the Prairie's budget shall not be charged to selected enterprises.
    Grassland supervision already implemented by the Administrative Department of the enterprise, within 6 months from date of sampling, this level or lower level grassland to the enterprise by the Administrative Department for supervision shall not be of the same crop seeds.
    38th Prairie administrative authorities may entrust the grass quality grass seed quality inspection authority for examination.
    Bear grass seed quality inspection agency shall have the corresponding test conditions and capacities, related authorities and approved by the people's Governments above provincial level examinations.
    39th grass grass seed inspectors of the quality inspection bodies shall comply with the following conditions: (a) or with a relevant professional college education with mid-level technical titles, (ii) engaged in grass seed testing technology for more than 3 years, (iii) competent administrative departments of people's Governments above provincial level grassland examinations. 40th supervision of grass seed should be based on the national forage seed test procedures for quality control.
    National forage seed test not provided for in the regulation, according to the international rules for seed testing, quality control.
    41st the grass quality inspection reports should indicate the species name, sampling dates and test species number, seed batch, test results and other relevant content.
    The grass seed quality inspection report completed by a certified grass seed inspectors, issued by the head of the inspection authority, sealed by the Inspection Agency inspection seal. 42nd spot check one disagrees with the results of testing shall be in 15th after receiving notification of the test result, to the relevant tasks of the grassland administration departments to submit written applications for review.
    Fails to apply, acceptance inspection as a result.
    Grasslands review applications received should be reviewed by the Administrative Department, you need to review, should be arranged in a timely manner.
    43rd prohibits the production and operation of fake and inferior species.
    Grass seed for the fake grass of the following: (a) non-grass species to imitate grass or grass seed varieties to imitate his grass seed varieties (ii) grass species, category, variety, country of origin and does not match the contents of the label callout.
    Following grass species for the inferior species: (I) quality below the national standard, (ii) indicators of quality than labels; (c) the modification cannot be used for grass seed and (iv) ratio of weed seeds in excess of the prescribed; (v) with the national quarantine objects.
    44th grass seed production or business operations shall be in accordance with the relevant quarantine laws and regulations to carry out the quarantine to prevent dangerous to plants, insects, weeds and other pest-borne and spread.
    Any unit and individual is prohibited in grass seed production base in pest inoculation.
    Seventh chapter import and export administration of the 45th units engaged in import and export business of grass seeds, in addition to the grass outside the business license, should also be in accordance with the country's foreign trade laws and regulations relevant provisions eligibility for import and export trade engaged in grass.
    Article 46th grass seed import and export approval system.
    Units and individuals who apply for import and export of grass seed, should fill out the (ex) grass form, examined by the Prairie administrative departments of the people's Government at the provincial level, after the approval of the Ministry of agriculture, import and export formalities according to law.
    Grass seed import and export approval is valid for 3 months.
    47th article import and export grass seed shall comply with the following conditions: (a) the grass quality to meet national standards, (ii) name of the species, quantity, country of origin and other relevant certificates complete, (iii) do not belong to the State prohibit the import and export of grass seed.
    Applications for import and export of grass species, units and individuals should provide the following materials: (a) the grass kind of operating license, business license, and import and export trade certificate, (ii) name of the species, quantity, country of origin documentation; (c) the foreign introduced grass varieties validation certificate or registration list. 48th for overseas production of imported grass species, by the 45th limit these measures could not, but should have a foreign production contract.
    Imports of seeds can be used for seed production, and its products may not be sold in the country.
    Introduced from abroad to experiment with grass seed, isolation should be cultivated, harvested seed shall not be sold as commodities.
    Eighth chapter supplementary articles the 49th in violation of this regulation, in accordance with the People's Republic of China seed law and the People's Republic of China grassland relevant provisions of the law will be punished.
    50th genetically engineered grass variety selection, testing, promotion, production, processing, management and management of import and export activities, and shall comply with the provisions of the regulations on administration of agricultural genetically modified organism safety.
    51st gathering, mining, offer foreign and introduced from abroad to be included in the list of national key protected wild plants germplasm resources, except in accordance with the means and approval procedures, should also be in accordance with the People's Republic of China regulations on protection of wild plants and the agricultural provisions of the wild plants protection means, go through the relevant procedures.
    52nd article this approach by said main grass species, is refers to alfalfa, and sand playing Mong Kok, and Golden Pheasant son, and red beans grass, and clover, and rock Astragalus, and column flowers, and Wolf tail grass, and old mount wheat, and ice grass, and sheep grass, and sheep Mao, and duck Mao, and alkali Mao, and put alkali grass, and Hu branches, and small Crown spent, and no mount que wheat, and oats, and small rye, and rye grass, and Sudan grass, and grass sweet clover, and early Wo, and the province, and autonomous regions, and municipalities Government Prairie administrative competent sector respectively determine of other 2 to 3 species grass species.
    Grasses in these measures without forage maize, forage sorghum and other crops in the field. 53rd these measures shall come into force on March 1, 2006.
                                                                                                On October 25, 1984 Ministry of agriculture, livestock and fisheries issued the provisional measures for Administration of forage seed (trial) be repealed simultaneously.

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