Interim Provisions On The Supervision And Management Of Major Hazard Of Dangerous Chemicals

Original Language Title: 危险化学品重大危险源监督管理暂行规定

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Read the untranslated law here: http://www.chinalaw.gov.cn/article/fgkd/xfg/gwybmgz/201112/20111200359091.shtml

Interim provisions on the supervision and management of major hazard of dangerous chemicals

    (Released August 5, 2011 the State administration of work safety, the 40th since December 1, 2011) Chapter I General provisions

    First in order to strengthen the management of major hazard installations safety supervision of dangerous chemicals to prevent and reduce the occurrence of dangerous chemical accident, protect people's lives and property safety, in accordance with the People's Republic of China Law of safety production and the safety management of dangerous chemicals Ordinance and other relevant laws, administrative regulations, this provision is enacted.

    Article production, storage, use and management of hazardous chemicals (hereinafter referred to as hazardous chemicals unit) hazard chemical significant dangerous source of identification, assessment, registration documentation, record keeping, verification, supervision and management, these provisions shall apply.

    Town gas, used for defence research and production of hazardous chemicals of major hazards and major hazard installations safety supervision of dangerous chemicals within the port management, these rules do not apply.

    Article III hazard chemical significant dangerous source in these rules (hereinafter referred to as major hazards), means any of the identification of major dangerous source of dangerous chemicals (GB18218) determination of the standard identification, production, storage, use or handling of hazardous chemicals in quantities equal to or more than a critical mass of cells (including space and facilities).

    Fourth unit of hazardous chemicals is the major hazard installations safety management of responsibility, its principal heads of the units responsible for safety management of major hazards, and ensure the security necessary for major hazard installations safety inputs.

    The fifth major hazard installations safety supervision and management of jurisdictional supervision combined with management principles.

    Local people's Governments at or above the county level work safety supervision and management departments in accordance with the relevant laws, regulations, standards and regulations, the implementation of safety supervision and management of major hazard in the area.

    Sixth the State encourages dangerous chemicals unit increase of major hazard safety and security levels advanced and applicable technology, technologies, equipment and automatic control system to promote work safety supervision and management departments of major hazard installations safety supervision Informationization construction.

    Chapter II identification and assessment

    Seventh unit shall, in accordance with the dangerous chemicals hazardous chemical identification of major dangerous source of standards on the units of production, management of dangerous chemicals, storage and use of identification of major hazard installations, facilities or places, and record the identification process and results. Eighth dangerous chemicals should be major hazard installations safety assessment and determine the major hazard level.

    Hazardous chemical units can organize the units of certified safety engineers, technical staff or hired experts to conduct security assessments may also entrust a qualified security assessment of the security agencies.

    In accordance with the provisions of laws and administrative regulations, hazardous chemical safety evaluation units need, major hazard installations safety assessment and safety assessment of this unit together, instead of a safety evaluation report security assessment reports, can also be a major hazard installations safety assessment. Major hazards according to the risk level is divided into grade I, grade II or grade III and IV, level to the highest level.

    Classification method of major hazard installation by the provisions listed in annex 1.

    Nineth major hazard, one of the following circumstances shall entrust a qualified security assessment agency in accordance with the relevant provisions of the standard quantitative risk evaluation method of safety assessment to determine the risk of personal and social values:

    (A) constitute a primary or secondary major hazard and toxic gases actually exists (online) volume in the dangerous chemicals set out in the identification of major dangerous source of critical mass ratio is greater than or equal to 1;

    (B) constitute a major source of danger, or liquefied flammable gases and explosive physical presence (online) volume in the dangerous chemicals set out in the identification of major dangerous source of critical mass ratio is greater than or equal to 1.

    Tenth major hazard installations safety assessment report should be objective and fair, the data is accurate, complete, definite, measures possible, and include the following:

    (A) the main basis for assessment;

    (B) the basic situation of major hazards;

    (C) the possibility of accidents and hazards;

    (D) individual risk and societal risk value (only for quantitative risk assessment methods);

    (E) the surrounding premises, staff may be affected by the accident;

    (Vi) analysis of major hazard identification and classification of compliance;

    (VII) security management, security and monitoring measures;

    (H) emergency measures;

    (I) the evaluation conclusions and recommendations.

    Unit to replace the safety assessment report of dangerous chemicals safety assessment report, its content about major hazards safety evaluation reports shall conform to the requirements specified in the first paragraph of this article.

    11th under any of the following circumstances, units should be major hazard of dangerous chemicals, repeat the identification, safety evaluation and classification:

    (A) the major hazard installations safety assessment for three years;

    (B) constitute a major hazard installations, facilities or sites for new construction, renovation or expansion;

    (C) the types, quantity, production and use of hazardous chemicals process or storage method, and important changes in equipment, facilities and other, affect the level or extent of the risk of major hazards;

    (D) the external environmental factors of production safety changes, affecting the degree of level of major hazards and risks;

    (E) hazardous chemical accidents resulting in death or more than 10 people were injured, or affect public safety;

    (Vi) relating to the identification of major hazards and safety assessment of national standards and industry standards change.

    Chapter III safety management

    12th dangerous chemicals unit shall establish and improve management of major hazard installations safety regulations and safety procedures, and to take effective measures to ensure their implementation.

    13th hazardous chemicals unit should be according to the hazardous chemicals pose a major hazard types, quantity, production and use of technology () or associated equipment, facilities, the actual situation, established in accordance with the following requirements improve the safety monitoring and control system to improve control measures: (A) the major hazard installations equipped with temperature, pressure, level, flow, information such as the component of continuous acquisition and monitoring system and combustible gas and toxic gas leak detection and alarm devices, and transfer of information, continuous recording, early warning, information storage functions; a grade I or grade II major hazard, with emergency stop function.

    The electronic data of the preservation of records for not less than 30 days;

    (B) the major hazard sources chemical production plant and equipment meets the safety requirements of the Automation control system; a grade I or grade II major hazard, equipment, emergency shutdown systems; (Iii) the major hazard of toxic gases, toxic liquids and flammable gases and other key facilities, emergency disconnecting device; toxic gas facilities, provided spill emergency device.

    Relating to toxic gases, liquefied gases, liquid level or secondary major hazards, separate the safety instrumented system (SIS);

    (D) highly toxic substances stored in the major hazard establishments or facilities, set up a video surveillance system;

    (E) safety monitoring and control system in line with provisions of the national standard or industry standard.

    14th through quantitative risk assessment of major hazard as determined individual and social value-at-risk shall not exceed this provision listed in annex 2 of the individual limit values of tolerable risk and community standards.

    Exceeding limit values of tolerable risk standards of individuals and society, unit shall take the appropriate measures to reduce the risk of dangerous chemicals. 15th dangerous chemicals unit shall, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State regularly on major hazard installations safety facilities and safety monitoring and controlling system for testing, inspection, and carry out regular maintenance, service, guarantee the safety of major hazard facilities and safety monitoring and control system for effective, reliable operation.

    Maintenance, service, testing should be recorded and signed by the persons concerned. 16th hazardous chemicals unit should be clearly critical of major hazard installations, parts of the key responsibility or the responsibility of agencies and periodically check the State of major hazard safety and take timely measures to eliminate potential accidents.

    Accidents is difficult to immediately exclude shall promptly developing governance programmes, implementation of corrective actions, responsibilities, funding, time frames and plans.

    Article 17th of hazardous chemicals should be on major hazard management and operations jobs skills and safety training of personnel, their hazard characteristics of major dangerous source, familiar with major hazard installations safety regulations and safety procedures, mastering the job safety skills and emergency response measures.

    18th hazardous chemicals unit should be noticeable security on places where the major hazard warning signs indicating emergency measures in emergency situations.

    19th dangerous chemicals unit major hazard that may occur should be the consequences of the accident and emergency measures and other information, in an appropriate manner inform units, regions and persons likely to be affected.

    20th dangerous chemicals unit shall develop emergency response plan for major accidents of hazard, establishing emergency rescue organizations or provided with emergency rescue workers, equipped with the necessary protective equipment and emergency rescue equipment, equipment, supplies, and to guarantee their integrity and ease of use with brilliant production safety supervision and management departments of the local people to develop areas involving hazardous chemical accident emergency.

    On exists inhalation sex toxic, and harmful gas of major dangerous source, dangerous chemicals units should equipped with portable concentration detection equipment, and air breathing device, and chemical protection clothing, and blocking leak equipment, emergency equipment and equipment; involved toxic gas of major dangerous source, also should equipped with two sets above (containing this number) gas key type chemical protection clothing; involved flammable easy burst gas or flammable liquid steam gas of major dangerous source, also should equipped with must number of portable can burning gas detection equipment.

    21st hazardous chemicals unit should develop a major hazard emergency drill plan and emergency drills in accordance with the following requirements:

    (A) the special emergency plan for major hazard, at least once a year; (Ii) the major hazard site solutions, at least once every six months.
    Emergency plans after the end of the walkthrough, dangerous chemicals unit shall evaluate the effectiveness of emergency drills, written emergency plan drill assessment report problems in analysis, contingency plans for proposed amendments to, and modified in a timely manner.

    22nd dangerous chemicals unit shall confirm the identification of major hazard in time, item-by-item register file.

    Important danger source files should include the following documents and information:

    (A) identification, classified records;

    (B) the basic features of major hazards;

    (C) involved in all chemical safety data sheet;

    (D) regional maps, floor plans, process flow diagrams and equipment list;

    (V) management of major hazard installations safety rules and safety regulations;

    (Vi) description of safety monitoring and control systems, measures, testing, test results;

    (G) the major hazards emergency plan, review comments, practice planning and assessment reports;

    (H) safety assessment and safety assessment reports;

    (IX) critical of major hazard installations, key parts of the name of the owner, responsible institutions;

    (J) the set of major hazard installations safety warning signs;

    (11) other documents and materials.

    23rd hazardous chemicals unit upon completion of major hazard installations safety assessment report or within the safety assessment report of 15th, should fill in the application form of major hazards, together with the provisions of this article 22nd major hazard dossier (the fifth provision in the second paragraph of documentation provide a list), submitted to the people's Governments at the County work safety supervision and management departments. The County work safety supervision and management departments should each quarter will be within the jurisdiction of one level, two major hazards filing submitted to the district people's Government municipal work safety supervision and management departments.

    District people's Government municipal work safety supervision and management departments should be rotated every six months will be major hazards at the jurisdiction level filing submitted to the provincial production safety supervision and management departments.

    Important danger source listed in the article 11th circumstances, dangerous chemicals shall promptly update the archive and to the local production safety supervision and management departments to record the people's Governments at the county level.

    24th hazardous chemicals unit construction, reconstruction and expansion of the hazardous chemical construction projects should be completed before the final acceptance of construction project of major dangerous source identification, security assessment and classification, registration documentation, and production safety supervision and management departments to the county people's Government for the record.

    The fourth chapter, supervision and inspection

    25th the County work safety supervision and management departments should establish and improve the system of major hazard management of hazardous chemicals, and clear responsibility for personnel, enhancing data archive. 26th the County work safety supervision and management departments should be before January 15 of each year, will be major hazard area in the previous year's summary information submitted to district people's Government municipal work safety supervision and management departments. District people's Government municipal work safety supervision and management departments shall, before January 31 of each year, will be major hazard area in the previous year's summary information submitted to the provincial production safety supervision and management departments.

    Provincial work safety supervision and management departments should be in by February 15 of each year, will be major hazard area in the previous year's summary information submitted to the State administration of work safety.

    The 27th major hazard installations safety assessment or security assessment no longer poses a major hazard, dangerous chemicals units shall apply to the people's Governments at the County work safety supervision and management departments to write off.

    Verification of major hazards the applicant shall submit the following documents and information:

    (A) application for verification reasons set forth;

    (B) the company name, legal representative, residence, contact, contact;

    (C) the safety assessment report or security assessment report. 28th County work safety supervision and management departments should be the receipt of the application in charge of document review, data within 30th of eligible, are cancelled and certified instruments do not meet the conditions, explain the reasons and inform the applicant in writing.

    If necessary, the County work safety supervision and management departments should employ experts to conduct on-site verification. 29th the County work safety supervision and management departments should each quarter area level, second level verification of major dangerous source materials submitted to district people's Government municipal work safety supervision and management departments.

    District people's Government municipal work safety supervision and management departments should be rotated every six months the area level verification of major dangerous source materials submitted to the provincial production safety supervision and management departments.

    30th local people's Governments at or above the county level shall work safety supervision and management departments should strengthen supervision and inspection of major dangerous sources of hazardous chemicals unit, urged the unit identification of major dangerous source of dangerous chemicals, safety evaluation and classification, registration documentation, record keeping, monitoring, emergency preparation, verification, and security management.

    Supervision and inspection of major hazards for the first time shall include the following main elements:

    (A) the major hazard installation operation, security rules and safety regulations development and implementation;

    (B) identification of major dangerous source classification, safety assessment, registration and documentation, for the record;

    (C) the monitoring and control of major hazard sources;

    (Iv) security of major hazard installations and safety monitoring and control system of testing, inspection and maintenance;

    (V) major hazards emergency plan preparation, review, record, revise, and exercises;

    (Vi) relating to staff safety training and education;

    (G) the safety flag is set;

    (H) emergency and first-aid equipment, facilities, material availability;

    (I) the implementation of accident prevention and control measures.

    Safety supervision management sector in supervision check in the found major dangerous source exists accident hidden of, should ordered immediately excluded; major accident hidden excluded Qian or excluded process in the cannot guarantee security of, should ordered from dangerous regional within withdrawal job personnel, ordered temporarily discontinued closed or stop using; major accident hidden excluded Hou, by safety supervision management sector review agreed, party can recovery production business and using.

    31st local people's Governments at or above the county level shall work safety supervision and management departments should, in conjunction with the relevant departments of the people's Government, to industry (chemical industry) Park major hazard concentration areas such as supervision and inspection to ensure that major hazards and peripheral units, neighborhoods, people, places, and other important targets and appropriate safety distances between sensitive places.

    The fifth chapter legal liability

    32nd hazardous chemicals unit, one of the following acts, ordered by the people's Governments above the county level production safety supervision and management departments to correct; it fails to mend, order to suspend for rectification, and a fine of less than 20,000 yuan and 100,000 Yuan:

    (A) is not in accordance with the requirements of major hazard safety assessment and safety assessment;

    (B) not in accordance with the requirements for registration filing of major hazards;

    (C) in accordance with these provisions and related standard requirements for safety monitoring and control of major hazard;

    (D) the formulation of major hazards emergency plan.

    33rd hazardous chemicals unit, one of the following acts, ordered by the people's Governments above the county level production safety supervision and management departments to correct; it fails to mend, order to suspend for rectification, and a fine of up to 50,000 Yuan:

    (A) does not constitute a major hazard sites obvious security warning flag is set;

    (B) is not in the major hazard equipment, periodic testing and inspection of the facilities.

    34th hazardous chemicals unit, one of the following circumstances, the people's Governments above the county level production safety supervision and management departments to give a warning, and may be fined not more than 5000 Yuan and 30,000 Yuan:

    (A) is not in accordance with the criteria to identify the major hazards;

    (B) is not in accordance with the clear key in the major hazard installations and the key positions of responsibility or the responsibility of institutions;

    (C) not in accordance with the regulations on establishing emergency rescue organizations or provided with emergency rescue personnel, as well as equipped with the necessary protective equipment and devices, equipment, material, and to guarantee their integrity;

    (D) is not in accordance with the provisions of the major hazards for the record or verification;

    (E) no major hazards caused by the consequences of the accident, emergency measures, such as information to potentially affected units, area, and personnel;

    (Vi) did not require a major hazard in accordance with this emergency plan drill;

    (VII) not in accordance with the provisions of major hazard installations safety checks on a regular basis of the situation and take measures to eliminate potential accidents. 35th article bear detection, and test, and security evaluation work of institutions, issued false proved, constitute crime of, in accordance with criminal about provides held criminal; is enough criminal punishment of, by County above government safety supervision management sector confiscated illegal proceeds; illegal proceeds in 5000 Yuan above of, and at illegal proceeds twice times above 5 times times following of fine; no illegal proceeds or illegal proceeds insufficient 5000 Yuan of, single at or and at 5000 Yuan above 20,000 yuan following of fine

    And directly responsible to the head of personnel and other persons of less than 5000 Yuan and 50,000 yuan fine causing harm to others, and assume joint and several liability of dangerous chemicals.

    For organizations where there are violations of the preceding paragraph, revoke the corresponding qualifications.

    The sixth chapter supplementary articles

    36th article of the regulations come into force on December 1, 2011.

    Annex 1: hazard chemical significant dangerous source classification

    First, index

    Used cell actually exists within a variety of hazardous chemicals (online) volume in the identification of major dangerous source of hazardous chemicals (GB18218), the ratio of critical mass, after correction coefficient correction ratio and r as the index.

    Second, the calculation of r

    (Editor's Note: this formula see manuscript)

    In the formula: Q1,Q2,...,qn – for each hazardous chemical physical presence (online) volume (metric tonnes);
    Q1,Q2,...,Qn – corresponds to the dangerous chemicals in the critical mass (in tons);

    Beta 1, Beta 2, ..., β-n-the correction coefficients corresponding to the hazardous chemicals;

    Alpha – the major hazard of dangerous chemicals factory outside the correction coefficient of exposed personnel.

    Third, the correction coefficient β value

According to the different category of hazardous chemicals within the cell, set the correction coefficient β value, as shown in table 1 and table 2:
  Table 1 correction factor β value table
  ───────┬──────┬─────┬─────┬────────
  Hazardous chemicals category │ │ │ │ explosive flammable gas toxic gas hazardous chemicals
        ───────┼──────┼─────┼─────┼────────
  β      │   见表2    │    2     │   1.5    │       1
    ───────┴──────┴─────┴─────┴────────
                      Note: the category of dangerous chemicals in accordance with the dangerous goods classification in the nomenclature standards.
  Table 2 common toxic gas correction factor β value table
  ──────┬────┬────┬────┬────┬───┬───┬─────
  Toxicity of ammonia gas name sulphur dioxide carbon monoxide │ │ │ │ │ │ │ methylbromide of hydrogen chloride ethylene oxide chloride
       ──────┼────┼────┼────┼────┼───┼───┼─────
  β     │   2    │   2    │   2    │   2    │  3   │  3   │    4
  ──────┼────┼────┼────┼────┼───┼───┼─────
  │ │ │ │ HF hydrogen sulfide nitrogen dioxide name toxic gas hydrogen cyanide │ │ │ phosphine for Carbonyl chloride methyl isocyanate
       ──────┼────┼────┼────┼────┼───┼───┼─────
  β │ 5 │ 5 │ 10 │ 10 │ 20 │ 20 │ 20
    ──────┴────┴────┴────┴────┴───┴───┴─────
    Note: is not listed in table 2 of the toxic gases according to the value of β = 2, highly toxic gases according to the value of β = 4.
    Value of four, correction coefficients α
                            According to the site boundaries of major dangerous source of dangerous chemicals to expand resident population within 500 metres, and staff set out exposure correction coefficient alpha values, as shown in table 3:
  Table 3 correction coefficient value table
        ────────────────┬──────────────────
  Plant may expose personnel quantity │ alpha
             ────────────────┼──────────────────
  More than 100 │ 2.0
             ────────────────┼──────────────────
  50 people ~99 │ 1.5
             ────────────────┼──────────────────
  30 people ~49 │ 1.2
              ────────────────┼──────────────────
  1~29人             │                1.0
                ────────────────┼──────────────────
  0人               │                0.5
    ────────────────┴──────────────────
    Five, grading standards
                According to the calculated values of r, in table 4 to determine the level of hazard chemical significant dangerous source.
  Table 4 major hazard levels of hazardous chemicals and the corresponding relation between r
      ────────────────┬──────────────────
  │ R hazard chemical significant dangerous source level value
                ────────────────┼──────────────────
  一级              │               R≥100
                ────────────────┼──────────────────
  │ 100 II r ≥ 50
                ────────────────┼──────────────────
  三级              │             50〉R≥10
                ────────────────┼──────────────────
  四级              │               R〈10

────────────────┴──────────────────

    Annex 2: permissible risk criteria

    , May allow individual risk criteria Personal risk is the hazard chemical significant dangerous source of potential fire, explosion, toxic gas leakage accident resulted in a fixed position within the regional personnel of individual probability of death, per unit of time (usually a year) mortality of individuals.

    Usually expressed in individual risk contours.

Through quantitative risk assessment, hazardous chemical units around key goals and sensitive sites in the exposure to individual risks shall meet table 1 permissible risk standards.
  Table 1 permissible individual risk criteria
             ───────────────────────────────┬─────
                                                                Hazardous chemicals around important subjects and sensitive places categories │ tolerable risk
  │(/年)
  ───────────────────────────────┼─────
  1. high sensitive areas (such as schools, hospitals, kindergartens, nursing homes); │ 3x10-7
  2. important objectives (such as government agencies and the military, cultural relic protection unit), │            3. Special high density areas (such as stadiums, large transportation hub, etc).
  │
  ───────────────────────────────┼─────
  1. the residence of high density places (such as residential areas, hotels or resorts); │ 1x10-6 2. class high-density public gathering places (such as office space, shopping malls, restaurants, entertainment, etc).
  │
    ───────────────────────────────┴─────
    Second, social risk criteria Social risk refers to the ability to cause the deaths of cumulative frequency greater than or equal to n people (f), or per unit time (usually a year) the number of deaths.
    Often using social risk curve (curve of F-N). Social risk criteria the use of ALARP (As Low As Reasonable Practice) principles as the accepted principles.
    ALARP principles through a line of two risks risks can be divided into 3 regions, namely: do not allow area, minimizing areas (ALARP) and permissible.
    ① If the social risk curve falls on inadmissible, except in special circumstances, the risk should not be accepted.
    → Fall within permissible areas at a very low level of risk, the risk is acceptable, do not need to take security measures.
    ③ If falls in areas as low as possible, you need to be possible to minimize the risk, that is to cost-benefit analysis of the various risk management measures, to decide whether or not to take these measures.
    Through quantitative risk assessment, hazard chemical significant dangerous source of social risk should meet the standards may allow social risks in Figure 1.
    (Editor's Note: graphics here see original)
    F/cumulative frequency (times/year)
    Death toll in N/(a) Figure 1 allowed social risk criteria (F-N) curve