Hydrologic Network Management Approach

Original Language Title: 水文站网管理办法

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Read the untranslated law here: http://www.chinalaw.gov.cn/article/fgkd/xfg/gwybmgz/201209/20120900371829.shtml

Hydrologic network management approach

    (Released December 2, 2011 Ministry of water resources, the 44th since February 1, 2012) first to strengthen the management of hydrological station network and full play to the function and role of hydrologic station network under the People's Republic of China water and the People's Republic of China water Ordinance and other laws and regulations, these measures are formulated.

    Article in the People's Republic of China in the field of hydrologic network planning, construction and management of activities, these measures shall apply.

    The hydrological station network in these measures refers to in the basin or region, consists of adequate amounts hydrological station of hydrological information collection system.

    Article water Administrative Department under the State Council in charge of the national hydrologic network planning, construction and management, hydrological institutions specifically responsible for the Organization of their immediate implementation.

    Water Administrative Department under the State Council set for the country's major rivers, Lakes establishment of river basin management institutions (hereinafter referred to as watershed management bodies), responsible for the hydrologic network planning, construction and management, and within the jurisdiction in accordance with laws, administrative regulations and privileges as provided herein on the hydrologic network planning, construction and management to guide and supervise the work.

    The provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities within the administrative authorities responsible for the administration of water under the hydrological station network planning, construction and management, hydrological institutions directly under its (hereinafter referred to as the provincial hydrological agencies) responsible for organization and implementation.

    Article fourth hydrometric station is divided into basic hydrological station and special hydrological station. National basic hydrological stations in order of importance: national important hydrometric station hydrometric station.

    Competent administrative departments of people's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the water according to the actual situation, really important hydrological station at the provincial level within their respective administrative areas.

    According to hydrological research or other scientific research needs, establishment of a hydrological experiment stations.

    Fifth important hydrological station by provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities water conservancy administrative departments, or catchment management bodies, hydrological institutions directly under the water conservancy Administrative Department under the State Council review, determined by the water conservancy administrative departments under the State Council and published.

    Article meets basic hydrological station of the State one of the following conditions should be identified as one of the important hydrometric stations:

    (A) to the State flood control and drought relief headquarters of flood and catchment area of 3000 square kilometres of the hydrometric station.

    (B) the catchment area of more than 10000 square kilometers and annual runoff of more than 300 million cubic meters, or water catchment area is over 5000 square kilometres and annual runoff of more than 500 million cubic meters, or more than 2.5 billion cubic meters of annual runoff volume of the hydrometric station; alone of the catchment area is larger than 1000 square kilometres of control station into the river.

    (C) perennial surface area of over 500 square kilometres and is representative of the annual volume of more than 1 billion cubic meters of Lake station.

    (D) the capacity of more than 500 million cubic meters, or the capacity of over 100 million cubic metres and downstream of large and medium cities and main railway lines, large enterprise, or capacity of less than 100 million cubic metres of water Administrative Department under the State Council directly under the hydrological agencies have important effects on River disaster of reservoir station; water supply reservoirs of population of 500,000 or more.

    (E) set for the country's major rivers, lakes, water allocation that is set on the control station; provincial River catchment area is larger than 1000 square kilometres of border control station, or to water disputes in provincial mediation plays an important role of hydrological observation stations.

    (Vi) national key comprehensive hydrological experiment stations, located in key stations in sandy areas.

    (Seven) to other national, and about international organization informed flood or long-term engaged in People's Republic of China and neighbours junction of across territories River (following referred to across territories River) hydrological data exchange activities of hydrological measuring station; set water area 1000 square kilometers above of immigration River control station; from borders (border) 300 km range within, and on water resources management and disaster mitigation, has important effect of hydrological measuring station.

    (H) the national groundwater stations, water stations, water stations, ecological stations. Seventh State on construction of hydrologic Station net unified plans, hydrologic network planning is the basis of hydrological station network construction and management.

    Development of hydrologic network planning should be based on the hydrological planning and links up with the special plan.

    Hydrologic network planning should persist in combining basin and area, an area subject to the watershed, rational layout, avoid duplication, taking into account the principles of the current and long-term needs.

    Article eighth hydrologic network planning including network status and analysis, planning principles and objectives, network functionality, network layout, network, monitoring project, test methods, content management, safeguards and benefits evaluation.

    Nineth hydrological institutions directly under the water conservancy Administrative Department under the State Council is responsible for organizing the national hydrologic network planning, water conservancy administrative departments under the State Council for approval.

    Riverbasin management organization responsible for organizing the preparation of watershed hydrologic network planning, hydrological institutions directly under the water conservancy Administrative Department under the State Council for approval.

    Provincial hydrological institutions responsible for the preparation of the administrative area of hydrologic network planning, examination by the catchment management agencies, Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the water conservancy administrative departments, and hydrological agency directly under the water conservancy administrative departments under the State Council for the record. Hydrologic network planning of the tenth article be based on changes in lakes, reservoirs and rivers situation and economic and social development needs timely changes.

    Change hydrologic network planning, procedures should be in accordance with the plan approved by the original approval authority. 11th special hydrological station established under article shall not duplicate of basic hydrological station of the State. Professional planning involved in dedicated hydrological station, should converge with the hydrologic network planning.

    Approved by the relevant authorities prior to the professional planning, dedicated hydrological stations should be set up to seek the provincial hydrological organizations or views of river basin management agencies.

    12th national basic hydrological station established, should be based on hydrologic network planning, according to the national fixed assets investment projects construction procedures.

    13th National important hydrometric station and catchment management agencies General establishment and adjustment of hydrologic station, the people's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the water conservancy administrative departments or basin management agencies reported hydrological institutions directly under the water conservancy Administrative Department under the State Council for approval. Other general establishment and adjustment of hydrologic station, the people's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the water conservancy administrative departments, hydrological institutions directly under the water conservancy Administrative Department under the State Council for the record.

    Which, in province, and autonomous regions, and municipalities River, and across province, and autonomous regions, and municipalities River Junction River established and adjustment hydrological measuring station of, about province, and autonomous regions, and municipalities water administrative competent sector should on set station programme or adjustment programme consultations consistent; cannot consultations consistent of, by basin management institutions business about province, and autonomous regions, and municipalities water administrative competent sector proposed set station programme or adjustment programme, reported State water administrative competent sector directly under the hydrological institutions determine.

    14th State establishment and adjustment of basic hydrological station, the construction unit shall conduct technical demonstration, technical demonstration should include the following:

    (A) the establishment and adjustment of reason, purpose, role and mandate;

    (B) the test section of site selection, arrangement of observation project, the test facility;

    (C) testing, communication, staffing, management programmes;

    (D) whether the infrastructure and technical equipment comply with the relevant technical standards;

    (E) hydrological station due to significant impact construction migration should also put forward investments and increase the cost of operation and management of the proposed budget.

    15th under any of the following circumstances shall be established in accordance with the requirements of the relevant standards dedicated hydrometric stations:

    (A) large and medium reservoirs, hydropower stations and has the important task of flood control reservoir and hydropower station;

    (B) water supply project in large and medium cities and towns;

    (C) the large and middle scale irrigation area;

    (D) important, and water diversion projects;

    (E) other special hydrological stations in major construction projects should be set up. 16th National hydrometric station coverage areas, is absolutely necessary to set up special hydrological station, stations should be a description of the need, in accordance with administrative privileges reported to watershed management institution or provincial hydrological institutions for approval before they can set up.

    The stations shall meet the following conditions:

    (A) hydrological monitoring work carried out with the necessary venues and infrastructure;

    (Ii) have the necessary hydrological monitoring equipment and measuring instruments;

    (C) have appropriate professional and technical personnel.

    River basin management agencies or provincial hydrological institutions apply shall receive special hydrological station of the review decision within 20 working days, except for technical review and time required for site survey.

    Revocation of special hydrological station, shall be submitted to the approval authority for approval.

    17th due to transportation, shipping, environmental protection and other needs special hydrological station, or in countries not covered by the basic hydrological station dedicated hydrological station in the region, relevant authorities before ratification, should seek the views of relevant river basin management agencies or provincial hydrological institutions.

    18th special hydrological stations and other units engaged in hydrological activities, should receive water Administrative Department under the State Council directly under the hydrological agencies, watershed management and provincial hydrological bodies of industry management.

    County and city management of hydrological observation stations, shall be subject to the provincial hydrological Agency of industry management.

    Dedicated hydrological measuring station reached State water administrative competent sector provides of national basic hydrological measuring station standard of, in about provincial hydrological institutions or basin management institutions and the dedicated hydrological measuring station management units consultations consistent, and according to this approach 13th article provides of program reported to the approved Hou, can will its as national basic hydrological measuring station management, its information into provincial hydrological institutions or basin management institutions hydrological data whole compilation.

    Establishment and adjustment of hydrologic station of the 19th article, by hydrographic station construction unit reported to the relevant river basin authorities or competent administrative departments of people's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the water after a review is made, hydrological institutions directly under the water conservancy Administrative Department under the State Council for approval. 20th national hydrologic network should remain stable.

    Without permission, no unit or individual shall not be abolished, modified grade and relocation of basic hydrological station of the State; to migrate due to major construction, the construction unit shall, before construction projects, reported to have administrative rights to the station the water conservancy administrative departments, the costs borne by the employer.

    In the national basic hydrological station on the lower reaches 20 kilometers (plain River upstream and downstream of 10 km) river management within the affected is newly built, rebuilt or expanded hydrologic monitoring, basic hydrologic station of the State, in accordance with the People's Republic of China water Ordinance and the protection measures for hydrological monitoring and facilities (water, 43rd) regulations. 21st provincial hydrological management of transboundary river hydrological station and river basin water resource management, disaster prevention and reduction are crucial hydrological station, shall be subject to the operational guidance of river basin management institutions and supervision.

    River basin management agencies and the provincial hydrological institutions managing the hydrological station of consensus, by river basin authorities and provincial hydrological institutions to build, manage.

    22nd Provincial hydrological management of hydrological observation stations, according to the needs of local economic and social development, provincial hydrological institutions and districts, where municipal or County consensus, which can accept the seat area of the municipal or county administration.

    Article 23rd hydrometric station set up and adjustment has permission to the relevant administrative authorities, river basin management, hydrological institutions, not for approval and supervision duties according to law, if the circumstances are serious, the supervisor directly responsible and other persons directly responsible shall be given administrative sanctions constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.

    Article 24th of the unauthorized establishment of hydrometric station in accordance with the People's Republic of China water Ordinance provides for punishment of the 37th. 25th article this way come into force February 1, 2012.