People's Republic Of China Compulsory Education Law

Original Language Title: 中华人民共和国义务教育法

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People's Republic of China President 52nd of the People's Republic of China compulsory education act by the People's Republic of China XI session of the 22nd meeting of the Standing Committee of national people's Congress adopted on June 29, 2006, as amended, now revised the People's Republic of China published in the compulsory education law, since as of September 1, 2006 People's Republic of China President Hu Jintao June 29, 2006 People's Republic of China Law of compulsory education (198 6 years April 12 VI session national people's Congress fourth times Conference through June 29, 2006 x session national people's Congress Standing Committee 22nd times Conference Amendment) directory first chapter General second chapter students third chapter school fourth chapter teachers fifth chapter education teaching sixth chapter funding guarantees seventh chapter legal responsibility eighth chapter schedule first chapter General first article to guarantees age children, and juvenile accept compulsory education of right, guarantee compulsory education of implementation, improve full national quality, according to Constitution and education method,
This law is enacted.
Second national nine-year compulsory education system.
Compulsory education is a national uniform implementation of all school-aged children and adolescents must receive education, is the undertaking of the State must be protected.
Implementation of compulsory education, tuition, miscellaneous fees.
States establish compulsory education funds guarantee mechanism to ensure implementation of the compulsory education system.
Article must implement the national education policy of compulsory, quality education, improving the quality of education, school-age children and teenagers in the all-round moral, intellectual and physical all-round development, to train with ideals, morality, culture and discipline of Socialist builders and successors to lay the Foundation.
Article fourth with People's Republic of China nationality of school-age children and adolescents, without distinction as to sex, nationality, race, family and property status or religious belief, shall enjoy the right to equal access to compulsory education and fulfil their obligations under compulsory.
V people's Governments at various levels and departments concerned shall fulfil all the duties stipulated in this law, protect the right of school-age children or adolescents receive the compulsory education.
School-age children and young parents or other legal guardians of minors shall ensure the timely admission and completion of compulsory education.
Schools of compulsory education by law shall be completed in accordance with the provisions of the standard tasks of education and teaching to ensure teaching quality.
Community organizations and individuals should be school-age children or adolescents receive the compulsory education to create a good environment.
Sixth the State Council and local people's Governments at or above the county level should rationally allocate education resources and promote balanced development of compulsory education, improve poor school conditions, and take measures to guarantee shall provide compulsory education in rural areas, ethnic minority areas, low-income families and people with disabilities in financial difficulties of school-age children or adolescents receive the compulsory education.
National organizations and encourage developed areas to support compulsory education in underdeveloped areas.
Article seventh compulsory introduction of leadership of the State Council, Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the overall planning and implementation, management of the people's Government at the county level.
Education administration under the people's Governments above the county level departments specifically responsible for the implementation of the compulsory education; other departments above the county level people's Government is responsible for the implementation of the compulsory education in their respective areas of responsibility.
Education article eighth people's government supervisory bodies on the implementation of compulsory education laws and regulations, quality of teaching and the balanced development of compulsory education for supervision, inspection report to the public.
Nineth any social organization or individual has the right to violate this law presented to the relevant State agencies report or accusation.
Significant events occurred in violation of the law, impede the implementation of compulsory education, a significant social impact, has a leadership or Administrative Department of education under the people's Governments in charge must resign.
Article tenth for outstanding contribution in the implementation of the compulsory education in social organizations and individuals, Governments at all levels and the departments concerned in accordance with the relevant regulations, recognize, and reward.
11th student chapter II where a child six years of age, their parents or other legal guardians shall send their admission and completion of compulsory education; area does not have the conditions of children, until seven years old.
School-age children and adolescents due to physical conditions need to postpone school or dropping out, the parents or other legal guardians shall apply, by the local township government or county educational administrative departments for approval. 12th school-age children and adolescents without taking the entrance.
Local people's Governments at various levels shall guarantee school-age children and adolescents enrolled in domicile school. The parents or other legal guardians, in non-domicile or school-age children and adolescents live, work or place of residence of the parents or other legal guardians receive compulsory education, the local people's Governments shall provide conditions for equal access to compulsory education.
Specific measures shall be prescribed by the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the.
County administrative departments of education for military children receive compulsory education be guaranteed within their respective administrative areas.
13th County educational administrative departments and town people's governments organize and supervise school-age children and adolescents to school to help solve the problems that school-age children or adolescents receive the compulsory education, measures to prevent school-age children and teenagers from dropping out.
Neighborhood committees and village committees to assist the Government in doing a good job, urging school-age children and adolescents to school.
14th prohibition of an employing unit shall be subject to compulsory school-age children and adolescents.
According to the relevant regulations of the State approved to enroll school-age children and adolescents to arts, sports, and social organization of professional training, shall ensure the recruitment of school-age children or adolescents receive the compulsory education; compulsory itself should be approved by the county administrative departments of education. 15th chapter school inhabited by local people's Governments at or above the county level in accordance with this administrative area of school-age children, the number and distribution of juvenile and other factors, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the State, assessment and adjustment of school planning.
Need to set up new residential areas, it should be synchronized with the construction of residential areas.
16th schools to build, should be consistent with national education standards, and meet the needs of education; siting requirements and standards shall conform to national requirements, and ensure the safety of students and faculty members.
Article 17th people's Governments at the county level to set up boarding schools guarantees scattered school-age children and adolescents enrolled in compulsory education.
18th Department of education administrative departments and provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities according to the need, in the economically developed areas set to receive ethnic minority schools in school-age children and adolescents (class). 19th by local people's Governments at or above the county level shall set the appropriate implementation of the special education school (class), with Visual, hearing and speech disabilities and intellectual disabilities of compulsory school-age children and juveniles.
Special education schools (classes) should have adapted to children and adolescents with disabilities, rehabilitation, characteristic places and facilities.
Ordinary schools should receive general education abilities of disabled school-age children and adolescents with class, and help their learning, rehabilitation.
20th local people's Governments at or above the county level shall require, for the prevention of juvenile delinquency Act of serious misconduct of compulsory school-age youth set up special schools.
Article 21st not completing compulsory education for juvenile offenders and take mandatory educational measures for minors should be compulsory requirements by the Government to protect it. 22nd education administration under the people's Governments above the county level and their departments should promote balanced development of the school, bridging the gap between school conditions, schools may not be divided into key school and non-school.
Schools may not be divided into class and non-class.
Education administration under the people's Governments above the county level and their departments shall not in any name change or changed the nature of public schools in disguise.
23rd people's Governments at all levels and relevant departments to maintain order around schools, protect the legitimate rights and interests of students, teachers, schools, and provide security for the school.
24th school should establish and improve the system of security and emergency response mechanism, safety education for students, strengthen management, promptly eliminate hidden dangers and prevent accidents.
Local people's Governments at or above the county level shall check on the safety of school buildings on a regular basis; requires maintenance, renovation, timely maintenance, renovation.
School is not allowed once for an intentional crime to be deprived of political rights or other suitable for people working in the compulsory education staff.
25th school may not charge fees in violation of State regulations, not to students sell disguised way of selling goods, services or interests. Article 26th school headmaster. Principals shall meet the qualifications set by the State.
President appointed by the county educational administrative departments according to law.
27th for students who violate school management system, the school should be criticized, not fired.
Fourth chapter article 28th of teachers teachers enjoy the rights prescribed by law, fulfil the obligations prescribed by law and should be role models, loyalty to the cause of education of the people.
The whole society should respect teachers.
Article 29th in the teaching of education of teachers should treat students equally, attention to students ' individual differences, abilities, promoting the full development of students.
Teachers should respect the students ' personality, shall not discriminate against students, must not impose corporal punishment on students, corporal punishment or other degrading dignity, must not violate the students ' legitimate rights and interests.
30th teachers should be qualified as a state-mandated teacher. Countries to establish a unified system of compulsory education teachers.
Teacher divides into an entry-level position, intermediate and senior positions.
31st salary, welfare and social security benefits of people's Governments at various levels to protect teachers, improve teachers ' working and living conditions improve rural teachers ' salary funding mechanism.
Teachers ' average salary shall not be less than the average wage level of the local civil servants. Special education teacher special jobs subsidies.
In ethnic minority areas and teachers working in remote and poor areas to enjoy subsidies in poor areas hard.
32nd people's Governments above the county level shall strengthen the training of teachers, to take measures for the development of teacher education. County Administration balanced allocation within the administrative area of the school of education faculty, organization of principals, teachers, training and mobility, strengthen the construction of weak schools.

33rd State Council and local people's Governments at various levels shall encourage and support city school teachers and college graduates to work in compulsory education in rural areas, ethnic minority areas. State encouraging college graduates to volunteer to rural areas, ethnic minority areas the lack of teachers teaching in schools.
County administrative departments of education identified teacher qualifications, their time in service.
Fifth chapter education article 34th education and teaching shall be in conformity with law of education and developmental characteristics of students, all students, teaching, the moral, intellectual, physical and aesthetic education in organic unity in educational activities, such as, focus on cultivating students ' ability of independent thinking, innovation and practical ability to promote students ' all-round development.
35th State Council Administrative Department of education based on school-age children, adolescent physical and mental development and the actual situation, determine teaching system and teaching contents and curriculum, reform the exam system, and improving upper secondary school enrollment policies, promoting quality-oriented education.
Schools and teachers in accordance with the established teaching contents and curriculum education activities to ensure the basic quality requirements set by the State.
States encourage schools and teachers to adopt heuristic education such as teaching methods, improving the quality of education and teaching.
Article 36th school moral education should be our top priority, moral education, and students age-appropriate social activities, formation of schools, families, social interaction system of ideological and moral education and promote students to develop good moral character and habits. 37th schools should ensure that students ' extracurricular activities, organize cultural and entertainment activities.
Public cultural and sports facilities, school extracurricular activities should be facilitated.
Article 38th of textbooks prepared according to the national education policy and curriculum standards, content to streamline the selection of necessary basic knowledge, basic skills, practical, quality assurance.
Staff members of State organs and textbook censors shall not participate in or participate in the preparation of textbooks in a disguised form. 39th State applies a system of textbook.
Textbooks approved by the State Council of educational administration department.
Without the approval of textbooks may not be published, use. 40th textbooks published by the price Administration Department under the State Council in conjunction with the Executive branch in accordance with the principle of profit determined benchmark price.
The provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities price benchmark for the executive authorities and the publication of the Executive Branch to determine retail prices.
41st national encouraged textbook recycling.
Sixth chapter 42nd State to ensure funding for compulsory education are fully integrated into the financial scope of protection, compulsory education was funded by the State Council and local people's Governments at all levels in accordance with the provisions of this law shall be guaranteed.
The State Council and local people's Governments at all levels of compulsory education funding in the budget, in accordance with faculty staffing standards, wages and school-building standards, public funding per student standards, adequate funds and funds for compulsory education in a timely manner to ensure the functioning and safety of the premises of the school, ensuring that staff wages in accordance with the provisions.
The State Council and local people's Governments at all levels for the implementation of compulsory education funding percentage growth the growth rate should be higher than the regular financial revenue, in accordance with compulsory education expenses in the average number of students gradually increased to ensure staff wages and growing public funding per student. Article 43rd school students average public expenditure per basic criteria formulated by the financial Department of the State Council in conjunction with the administrative departments of education, and adjusted in accordance with economic and social development.
Assessment and adjustment of public expenditure per student the basic standards should meet basic educational needs.
People's Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities according to the actual situation of the Administration, not below the national standard-setting public funding per student of school standards.
Special education schools (classes) standards should be public funding per student than school per-student public expenditure standards. 44th imposed compulsory education investment in the State Council and local people's Governments at all levels according to their functions and shared, Governments of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities are responsible for coordinating the implementation of the system.
The requirements for compulsory education in rural areas, by people's Governments at all levels in accordance with provisions of the State Council projects, an apportionment.
Governments at all levels to poor families of school-age children, juvenile free textbooks and boarding subsidies for health expenses.
Compulsory education funds guarantee the specific measures shall be formulated by the State Council.
45th local people's Governments at various levels in compulsory education funding in the budget column.
The County budget, in addition to weak schools and schools outside rural areas, compulsory education funds should be balanced arrangements. 46th State Council and provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities standardize the transfer payment system, increase general transfer payments scale and standardize special transfer payments for compulsory education, support and guide the local people's Governments at all levels to increase investment in compulsory education.
Local people's Governments at all levels shall ensure that the parent of the transfer payment for compulsory education in accordance with the provisions for compulsory education.
47th State Council and local people's Governments at or above the county level based on actual needs, set up special funds to support compulsory education in rural areas, ethnic minority areas implemented.
48th State encourages social organizations and individuals donated to the compulsory education, encourage compulsory education fund established in accordance with national foundations.
49th article compulsory education funds in strict accordance with the budgetary provisions for compulsory education; any organization or individual shall embezzle funds for compulsory education, not to have a school illegally collected or assessed.
50th the people's Governments above the county level shall establish compulsory education funds auditing and statistical bulletin system.
The seventh chapter legal liability article 51st state departments and local governments at all levels shall violate the provisions of the sixth chapter of this law, does not discharge the responsibilities of the compulsory education funds guarantee by the State Council or by the rectification of the local people in serious cases, the managers directly responsible and other persons directly responsible shall be given administrative sanctions.
52nd article County above place Government has following case one of of, by superior Government ordered deadline corrected; plot serious of, on directly is responsible for of competent personnel and other directly responsibility personnel law give administrative sanctions: (a) not according to national about provides developed, and adjustment School of set planning of; (ii) school construction not meet national provides of running standard, and location requirements and construction standard of; (three) not regularly on school school security for check, and timely maintenance, and transformation of;
(D) not in accordance with the provisions of this law a balanced arrangement of compulsory education.
53rd article County above Government or its education administrative sector has following case one of of, by superior Government or its education administrative sector ordered deadline corrected, and informed criticism; plot serious of, on directly is responsible for of competent personnel and other directly responsibility personnel law give administrative sanctions: (a) will school is divided into focus school and non-focus School of; (ii) change or disguised change public school nature of.
County educational administrative departments or township Governments failed to take measures to organize school-age children, adolescents to school or to prevent dropping out, in accordance with the provisions of the preceding paragraph shall be investigated for legal responsibility.
54th under any of the following circumstances, by the parent or by the Administrative Department of education under the people's Governments, the financial sector, the price administrative departments and auditors based on the segregation of duties a rectification are serious, the directly responsible person in charge and other direct liable persons shall be given administrative sanctions: (a) to embezzle funds for compulsory education, (ii) illegally collected or assessed by the.
55th in compulsory education schools or teachers working in violation of education law, teachers ' law provisions, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the education law, teachers ' law.
56th schools charge fees in violation of State regulations, is ordered to return the fees the county educational administrative departments; directly responsible in charge and other direct liable persons shall be given administrative sanctions.
Schools sell to students or disguised to sell merchandise, services or any other means profit, criticized by the county educational administrative departments; has illegally obtained, confiscation of illegal income; directly responsible in charge and other direct liable persons shall be given administrative sanctions.
Involvement of functionaries and textbook censors or participate in the textbook in a disguised form, above the county level Governments or the administrative departments of education according to the functions and powers, a rectification shall be given administrative sanctions; has illegally obtained, confiscation of illicit proceeds.
57th article school has following case one of of, by County government education administrative sector ordered deadline corrected; plot serious of, on directly is responsible for of competent personnel and other directly responsibility personnel law give disposition: (a) refused to received has accept general education capacity of disability age children, and juvenile with class attended of; (ii) is divided into focus class and non-focus class of; (three) violation this method provides fired students of; (four) selection without validation of textbooks of.
Article 58th of school-age children and teenagers the parents or other legal guardians without due cause fails to comply with the provisions of this law send children and adolescents enrolled in compulsory education by the local township or county educational administrative departments under criticism, rectification.
59th under any of the following circumstances, in accordance with the provisions of relevant laws and administrative regulations shall be punished as follows: (a) coercion or deception should be compulsory for school-age children, adolescents who drop out of school, (ii) illicit use should be compulsory for school-age children and adolescents; (c) without legal approval of textbooks published.
60th in violation of the provisions of this law, to constitute a crime, criminal responsibility shall be investigated according to law.
The eighth chapter supplementary articles article 61st of compulsory school-age children, adolescents do not charge fees to implement steps stipulated by the State Council.
62nd social organizations and individuals held in privately-run schools to introduce compulsory education according to law, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the non-State education promotion law; private education promotion law is not specified, this law shall apply. 63rd this law shall come into force on September 1, 2006.

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