Decree No. 6949, 25 August 2009

Original Language Title: Decreto nº 6.949, de 25 de Agosto de 2009

Read the untranslated law here: https://www.global-regulation.com/law/brazil/2908171/decreto-n-6.949%252c-de-25-de-agosto-de-2009.html

Subscribe to a Global-Regulation Premium Membership Today!

Key Benefits:

Get a Day Pass for only USD$49.99.
Decree No. 6949, 25 AUGUST 2009.
Promulgates the International Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities and its Optional Protocol, signed in New York on 30 March 2007.
The PRESIDENT of the REPUBLIC, in the use of the role that gives the art. 84, section IV, of the Constitution, and whereas the National Congress approved, by means of legislative decree in 186, July 9, 2008 as the procedure of § 3 of art. 5 of the Constitution, the Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities and its Optional Protocol, signed in New York on 30 March 2007;
Considering that the Brazilian Government deposited the instrument of ratification of the said actions by the United Nations Secretary-General on August 1, 2008;
Whereas the international acts in question entered into force for Brazil, external legal in 31 of August 2008;
DECREES: Art. 1 the Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities and its Optional Protocol, accompanied by copy to this Decree, shall be implemented and completed as fully as they contain.
Art. 2 Are subject to the approval of the National Congress any acts that may result in a review of these international diplomas or that entail high charges or commitments to national heritage, pursuant to art. 49, item I, of the Constitution.
Art. 3 this Decree shall enter into force on the date of its publication.
Brasilia, 25 August 2009; 188 of independence and 121 of the Republic.
LUIZ INACIO LULA DA SILVA Celso Luiz Nunes Amorim CONVENTION on the RIGHTS OF PERSONS with DISABILITIES Preamble the States parties to this Convention, a) Recalling the principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations which recognize the inherent value and dignity and the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family as the Foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world , b) Recognizing that the United Nations, in the Universal Declaration of human rights and in the International Covenants on Human Rights, proclaimed and agreed that everyone lives up to all the rights and freedoms established there, without distinction of any kind, c) Reaffirming the universality, indivisibility, interdependence and interrelation of all human rights and fundamental freedoms, as well as the need to ensure that all people with disabilities the exercise fully without discrimination, d) Recalling the International Covenant on economic, social and cultural rights, the International Covenant on Civil and political rights, the International Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination, the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of discrimination against women, the Convention against torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment the Convention on the rights of the child and the International Convention on the protection of the rights of all migrant workers and members of their families, and) Recognizing that disability is an evolving concept and that disability results from the interaction between persons with disabilities and barriers due to attitudes and the environment that prevent the full and effective participation of these people in society on equal opportunities with other persons , f) Recognizing the importance of the principles and policy guidelines contained in the World Programme of action for disabled persons and in the rules on the Equalization of opportunities for persons with disabilities, for influencing the promotion, formulation and evaluation of policies, plans, programs and actions in national, regional and international levels to facilitate greater equality of opportunity for people with disabilities , g) Emphasizing the importance of bringing disability issues to the Centre of the concerns of society as an integral part of relevant strategies of sustainable development, h) Recognizing also that discrimination against any person by reason of disability, configures violation of dignity and worth inherent in the human being, i) Recognizing also the diversity of persons with disabilities, j) Recognizing the need to promote and protect the human rights of all people with disabilities , including those that require greater support, k) concerned about the fact that, despite these various instruments and undertakings, persons with disabilities continue to face barriers against their participation as equal members of society and violations of their human rights in all parts of the world, l) Recognizing the importance of international cooperation for improving the living conditions of persons with disabilities in all countries , particularly in those developing, m) Acknowledging the valuable contributions and potential of persons with disabilities to the common well-being and diversity of their communities, and to promote the full exercise by persons with disabilities of their human rights and fundamental freedoms and their full participation in society will result in strengthening their sense of belonging to society and the breakthrough of human development society, social and economic, as well as on poverty eradication, n) Recognizing the importance for persons with disabilities of their individual autonomy and independence, including the freedom to make their own choices,) whereas persons with disabilities should have the opportunity to participate actively in decisions regarding programs and policies, including those that concern them directly , p) concerned about the difficult situations faced by people with disabilities who are subject to multiple or aggravated forms of discrimination because of race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinions, national, ethnic, native origin or social origin, property, birth, age or other condition, q) Recognizing that women and girls with disabilities are often exposed to higher risks both at home and abroad, to suffer violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, r) Recognizing that children with disabilities shall enjoy fully all human rights and fundamental freedoms on equal opportunities with the other children, and recalling obligations to that end by the States parties to the Convention on the rights of the child , s) Emphasizing the need to incorporate a gender perspective to the efforts to promote the full exercise of human rights and fundamental freedoms by persons with disabilities, t) Highlighting the fact that most people with disabilities live in conditions of poverty and, in this regard, recognizing the critical need to deal with the negative impact of poverty on persons with disabilities , u) bearing in mind that conditions of peace and security based on full respect for the purposes and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations and the observance of the human rights instruments are indispensable for the full protection of persons with disabilities, in particular during armed conflicts and foreign occupation, v) Recognizing the importance of accessibility to the physical, social, economic and cultural , to health, to education and to information and communication, to enable the disabled the full enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms, w) aware that the person has duties to other individuals and to the community to which it belongs and which, therefore, has a responsibility to strive for the promotion and observance of the rights recognized in the International Human Rights Charter , x) convinced that the family is the natural and fundamental nucleus of society and is entitled to receive the protection of society and the State and that people with disabilities and their families should receive the protection and assistance needed to make families able to contribute to the full and equitable exercise of the rights of persons with disabilities , y) convinced that a general and comprehensive International Convention to promote and protect the rights and dignity of persons with disabilities will provide significant contribution to correct the profound social disadvantage of persons with disabilities and promote their participation in the economic, social and cultural life, on equal opportunities, both in developing countries as in developed countries, have agreed the following : Article 1 Purpose the purpose of this Convention is to promote, protect and ensure the full and equitable exercise of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities and to promote respect for their inherent dignity.
People with disabilities are those who have long-term impediments physical, mental, intellectual or sensory, which, in interaction with various barriers may obstruct your full participation and effective in society on equal terms with others.
Article 2 definitions for the purposes of this Convention:? Communication? includes languages, display of text, braille, tactile communication, the extended characters, accessible multimedia devices, as well as the plain language, written and oral, auditory systems and digitized voice media and the ways, means and augmentative and alternative formats of communication, including accessible information and communication technology;

? Language? covers the languages spoken and signals and other forms of non-spoken communication;
? Discrimination on grounds of disability? means any distinction, exclusion or restriction based on disability, with the purpose or effect of preventing or impair the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on equal opportunities with others, of all human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other. Covers all forms of discrimination, including denial of reasonable accommodation;
? Reasonable accommodation? means the modifications and the necessary adjustments and not cause disproportionate burden suitable or misuse, when required in each case to ensure that people with disabilities can enjoy or exercise, in equal opportunities with other persons, all human rights and fundamental freedoms;
? Universal design? means the design of products, environments, programmes and services to be used, to the greatest extent possible, for all the people, without the need for adaptation or specific project. The? universal design? will not delete the technical AIDS for specific groups of people with disabilities, when necessary.
Article 3 General principles the principles of this Convention are: a) respect for inherent dignity, individual autonomy including the freedom to make their own choices, and independence of persons;
b) non-discrimination;
c) full and effective participation and inclusion in society;
d) respect for difference and acceptance of persons with disabilities as part of human diversity and humanity;
e) equality of opportunity;
f) accessibility;
g) equality between men and women;
h) respect for the development of the capacities of children with disabilities and for the right of children with disabilities to preserve their identities.
Article 4 General obligations 1. States parties undertake to ensure and promote the full exercise of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all persons with disabilities without discrimination of any kind because of his disability. To this end, States parties undertake to: a) Adopt all the legislative, administrative and of any other nature, necessary for the achievement of the rights recognized in the present Convention;
b) Adopt all necessary measures, including legislation, to modify or repeal laws, regulations, customs and practices which constitute discrimination against, persons with disabilities;
c) take into account, in all programmes and policies, the protection and promotion of human rights of persons with disabilities;
d) refrain from engaging in any act or practice inconsistent with the present Convention and to ensure that public authorities and institutions act in conformity with this Convention;
e) take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination based on disability by any person, organization or private enterprise;
f) Perform or promote research and development of products, services, equipment and facilities with universal design, as defined in article 2 of this Convention, that require the minimum possible adaptation and the cost is as little as possible, designed to meet the specific needs of people with disabilities, to promote their availability and use, and to promote universal design when the elaboration of standards and guidelines;
g) Perform or promote research and development, as well as the availability and the use of new technologies, including information and communication technologies, technical AIDS for mobility aids, devices and assistive technologies, suitable for persons with disabilities, giving priority to affordable technologies;
h) to provide accessible information to persons with disabilities about mobility aids, devices for technical AIDS and assistive technologies, including new technologies, as well as other forms of assistance, support services and facilities;
I) Promote capacity-building in relation to the rights recognized in this Convention of professionals and staff working with persons with disabilities, in order to improve the provision of assistance and services guaranteed by those rights.
2. In relation to economic, social and cultural rights, each State party undertakes to take steps, as far as available resources permit, and, when necessary, within the framework of international cooperation, in order to ensure the full exercise of these rights, without prejudice to the obligations contained in the present Convention that are immediately applicable according to international law.
3.Na design and implementation of legislation and policies to implement the present Convention and in other decision-making processes concerning persons with disabilities, States parties shall carry out close consultations and actively involve persons with disabilities, including children with disabilities, through their representative organizations.
4. No device of this Convention shall affect any provisions more conducive to the realization of the rights of persons with disabilities, which may be contained in the legislation of the State party or international law in force for that State. There will be no restriction or derogation from any of the human rights and fundamental freedoms recognized or existing in any State party to this Convention, in accordance with laws, conventions, regulations or customs, on the grounds that the present Convention does not recognize such rights and freedoms or recognize them to a lesser extent.
5.As provisions of this Convention shall apply, without limitation or exception, all constituent units of federal States.
Article 5 equality and non-discrimination 1. States parties recognize that all persons are equal before and under the law and that are entitled, without any discrimination, to equal protection and equal benefit of the law.
2. States parties shall prohibit any discrimination on the basis of disability and guarantee to persons with disabilities equal and effective legal protection against discrimination for any reason.
3. In order to promote equality and eliminate discrimination, States parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that reasonable accommodation is provided.
4. In accordance with this Convention, the specific measures which are necessary to accelerate or achieve the effective equality of persons with disabilities shall not be considered discriminatory.
Article 6 Women with disabilities 1. States parties recognize that women and girls with disabilities are subject to multiple forms of discrimination and, therefore, shall take measures to ensure women and girls with disabilities full and equal exercise of all human rights and fundamental freedoms.
2. States parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure the full development, advancement and empowerment of women, for the purpose of guaranteeing them the exercise and enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms set forth in this Convention.
Article 7 children with disabilities 1. States parties shall take all measures necessary to ensure that children with disabilities the full exercise of all human rights and fundamental freedoms, in equal opportunities with the other children.
2. In all actions concerning children with disabilities, the best interests of the child will receive primary consideration.
3. States parties shall ensure that children with disabilities have the right to freely express their views on all matters that relate to them, have their opinion duly valued in accordance with their age and maturity, in equal opportunities with other children, and receive care appropriate to their disability and age, so that they can exercise that right.
Article 8 Awareness 1. States parties undertake to adopt immediate, effective and appropriate measures: a to raise awareness of society as a whole), including their families, on the conditions of persons with disabilities and promote respect for human rights and dignity of persons with disabilities;
b) Combat stereotypes, prejudices and harmful practices in relation to people with disabilities, including those related to gender and age, in all areas of life;
c) Promote awareness of the capabilities and contributions of persons with disabilities.
2.As measures to this end include: a) Launch and continue effective public awareness campaigns designed: (i)) Encourage receptiveness in respect to the rights of persons with disabilities;
II) Promote positive perceptions and greater social awareness towards persons with disabilities;
III) Promote recognition of the skills, merits and abilities of persons with disabilities and of their contribution to the workplace and the labour market;
b) Fostering at all levels of the educational system, including them all children from an early age, an attitude of respect for the rights of persons with disabilities;
c) Encouraging all organs of the media to portray persons with disabilities in a manner compatible with the purposes of this Convention;
d) Promoting awareness-training programmes regarding persons with disabilities and on the rights of persons with disabilities.
Article 9

1. Accessibility in order to enable people with disabilities to live independently and participate fully in all aspects of life, States parties shall take appropriate measures to ensure to persons with disabilities access, on equal opportunities with other persons, to the physical environment, to transportation, to information and communication, including to systems and information and communication technologies as well as other services and facilities open to the public or public use, both in urban and rural areas. Such measures, which shall include the identification and elimination of obstacles and barriers to accessibility, shall apply to, inter alia, to: a) Buildings, roads, transportation and other indoor and outdoor facilities, including schools, homes, medical facilities and workplaces;
b) Information, communications and other services, including electronic services and emergency services.
2. States parties shall take appropriate measures to either: a) Develop, promulgate and monitor the implementation of minimum standards and guidelines for the accessibility of facilities and services open to the public or for public use;
b) ensure that private entities that offer facilities and services open to the public or public take into account all aspects of accessibility for persons with disabilities;
c) Provide, to all actors involved, training in relation to accessibility issues that people with disabilities face;
d) to provide the buildings and other facilities open to the public or public use of signage in braille and in easy to read formats and understanding;
e) Provide human or animal forms of assistance and services of mediators, including guides, tellers and professional sign language interpreters, to facilitate access to buildings and other facilities open to the public or for public use;
f) Promote other forms of assistance and support to persons with disabilities, in order to ensure these people access to information;
g) Promote access for persons with disabilities to new systems and information and communication technologies, including the Internet;
h) Promote, since the initial phase, the design, development, production and dissemination systems and information and communication technologies, so that these technologies and systems become accessible at minimum cost.
Article 10 right to life States parties reaffirm that every human being has the inherent right to life and shall take all measures necessary to ensure the effective exercise of that right for people with disabilities, equal opportunities with other persons.
Article 11 situations of risk and humanitarian emergencies in accordance with their obligations under international law, including international humanitarian law and international human rights law, States parties shall take all measures necessary to ensure the protection and safety of persons with disabilities who find themselves in situations of risk, including situations of armed conflict, humanitarian emergencies and the occurrence of natural disasters.
Article 12 equal Recognition before the law 1. States parties reaffirm that persons with disabilities have the right to be recognized anywhere as persons before the law.
2. States parties shall recognize that persons with disabilities enjoy legal capacity on an equal footing with others in all aspects of life.
3. States parties shall take appropriate measures to provide access by persons with disabilities to the support they may require in the exercise of their legal capacity.
4. States parties shall ensure that all measures relating to the exercise of legal capacity to include appropriate and effective safeguards to prevent abuse in accordance with international human rights law. These safeguards shall ensure that measures relating to the exercise of legal capacity respect the rights, will and preferences of the person, are free of conflict of interest and undue influence, are proportional and appropriate to the person's circumstances, apply for the shortest possible period and is subject to regular review by a competent authority or judicial body, independent and impartial. The safeguards shall be proportional to the degree to which such measures affect the rights and interests of the person.
5. The States parties, subject to the provisions of this Article, shall take all appropriate and effective measures to ensure to persons with disabilities the equal right to own or inherit property, to control their own finances and to have equal access to bank loans, mortgages and other forms of financial credit, and shall ensure that persons with disabilities are not arbitrarily deprived of their property.
Article 13 access to justice 1. States parties shall ensure effective access to justice for people with disabilities, on an equal footing with others, including through the provision of procedural adaptations appropriate to the age, in order to facilitate the effective role of people with disabilities as direct or indirect participants, including as witnesses, in all legal procedures , such as investigations and other preliminary steps.
2. In order to ensure people with disabilities the effective access to justice, States parties shall promote appropriate training for those working in the field of administration of Justice, including the police and the penitentiary system officials.
Article 14 liberty and security of person 1. States parties shall ensure that persons with disabilities, in equal opportunities with other persons: a) enjoy the right to liberty and security of person; and b) are not deprived of their liberty illegally or arbitrarily, and that any deprivation of liberty is in conformity with the law, and that the existence of a disability justify a deprivation of liberty not.
2. States parties shall ensure that if persons with disabilities are deprived of their liberty through any process, they, in equal opportunities with other persons, do justice to guarantees in accordance with international human rights law and to be treated in accordance with the objectives and principles of this Convention, including by provision of reasonable accommodation.
Article 15 prevention of torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment 1. No person shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. In particular, no one shall be subjected to medical or scientific experiments without his free consent.
2. States parties shall take all effective legislative measures, administrative, judicial or other to prevent persons with disabilities, in the same way as other people, to be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
Article 16 Prevention against exploitation, violence and abuse 1. States parties shall take all appropriate legislative, administrative, social, educational and other to protect people with disabilities, both within and outside the home, against all forms of exploitation, violence and abuse, including gender-related aspects.
2. The States parties also shall take all appropriate measures to prevent all forms of exploitation, violence and abuse by ensuring, inter alia, appropriate forms of assistance and support that take into account the gender and age of disabled people and their families and attendants, including through the provision of information and education on how to avoid , recognize and report instances of exploitation, violence and abuse. States parties shall ensure that protection services take into account the age, gender and disability in people.
3. In order to prevent the occurrence of all forms of exploitation, violence and abuse, States parties shall ensure that all programs and facilities intended to serve persons with disabilities are effectively monitored by independent authorities.
4. States parties shall take all appropriate measures to promote the physical, cognitive and psychological recovery, including through the provision of protection services, rehabilitation and social reintegration of persons with disabilities who are victims of any form of exploitation, violence or abuse. Such recovery and reintegration shall take place in environments that promote the health, welfare, self-respect, dignity and autonomy of the person and take into consideration the needs of gender and age.
5. States parties will adopt effective laws and policies, including legislation and policies for women and children, to ensure that instances of exploitation, violence and abuse against persons with disabilities are identified, investigated and, if necessary, prosecuted.
Article 17 protecting the integrity of the person every person with disabilities has a right to their physical and mental integrity is respected, on equal terms with others.
Article 18 liberty of movement and nationality 1. States parties shall recognize the rights of persons with disabilities to liberty of movement, to freedom to choose their residence and to a nationality, in equal opportunities with others, including by ensuring that persons with disabilities:

the) Have the right to acquire nationality and change of nationality and are not deprived of their nationality arbitrarily because of their disability.
b) are not deprived, because of their disabilities, the ability to obtain, possess and use document proof of their nationality or other identity document, or to resort to relevant processes such as immigration procedures, necessary to facilitate the exercise of their right to freedom of movement.
c) are free to leave any country, including his; and d) are not deprived, arbitrarily or because of their disability, of the right to enter his own country.
2.As children with disabilities shall be registered immediately after birth and will have from birth, the right to a name, the right to acquire a nationality and, as far as possible, the right to know their parents and be cared for by them.
Article 19 independent living and inclusion in the community and the States parties to this Convention recognize the equal right of all persons with disabilities to live in the community, with the same freedom of choice to others, and shall take effective and appropriate measures to facilitate the disabled the full enjoyment of this right and their full inclusion and participation in the community , including by ensuring that: a) persons with disabilities can choose their place of residence and where and with whom to live in equal opportunities with other persons, and you are not obliged to live in certain type of housing;
b) persons with disabilities have access to a variety of support services at home or in residential institutions or other community support services, including personal attendants services necessary to support people with disabilities to live and be included in the community and to prevent isolated or segregated from the community;
c) community services and facilities for the general population are available for people with disabilities, equal opportunities, and meet your needs.
Article 20 personal mobility States parties shall take effective measures to ensure to persons with disabilities their personal mobility with the greatest possible independence: a) facilitating the personal mobility of persons with disabilities in the manner and at the time they want, and at affordable cost;
b) Facilitating people with disabilities access to assistive technologies, devices and technical AIDS, and human or animal forms of assistance and of mediators, including making them available at affordable cost;
c) Enabling people with disabilities and to specialist staff training on mobility techniques;
d) Encouraging entities that produce mobility aids, devices and assistive technologies to take into account all aspects of mobility for persons with disabilities.
Article 21 freedom of expression and opinion and access to information States parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that persons with disabilities can exercise their right to freedom of expression and opinion, including the freedom to seek, receive and share information and ideas, in equal opportunities with others and through all forms of communication of their choice as the provisions of article 2 of this Convention, including: the) Provide, promptly and without additional cost, people with disabilities, all information intended for the general public, in accessible formats and technologies appropriate to different kinds of disabilities;
b) accept and facilitate, in official procedures, the use of sign languages, braille, augmentative and alternative communication, and all other accessible means, modes and formats of communication, the choice of people with disabilities;
c) Urgir the private entities that provide services to the general public, including through the Internet, to provide information and services in accessible formats, that can be used by people with disabilities;
d) Encourage the media, including the Internet information providers to make their services accessible to persons with disabilities;
and) recognize and promote the use of sign languages.
Article 22 respect for privacy 1. no person with disabilities, regardless of their place of residence or residences, will be subject to arbitrary or unlawful interference in their privacy, family, home, correspondence or other types of communication or to unlawful attacks on his honour and reputation. People with disabilities have the right to protection of the law against such interference or attacks.
2. States parties shall protect the privacy of personal data and data concerning health or rehabilitation of persons with disabilities, on an equal footing with others.
Article 23 respect for home and the family 1. States parties shall take effective and appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against persons with disabilities in all aspects relating to marriage, family, parenthood and relationships, on an equal footing with others, so as to ensure that: a) is the right of persons with disabilities, in age of contracting marriage , to marry and establish a family, based on the free and full consent of the applicants;
b) are recognised the rights of persons with disabilities to decide freely and responsibly on the number of children and the spacing between these children and to have access to age-appropriate information and education regarding reproduction and family planning, as well as the means to exercise those rights.
c) people with disabilities, including children, retain their fertility on equal terms with others.
2. States parties shall ensure the rights and responsibilities of persons with disabilities, relating to custody, custody, guardianship etc. and adoption of children or similar institutions, if these concepts are contained in national legislation. In all cases, the best interests of the child shall prevail. States parties shall give due assistance to people with disabilities so that these people may exercise their responsibilities in raising children.
3. States parties shall ensure that children with disabilities have equal rights with respect to family life. For the realization of these rights and to prevent concealment, abandonment, neglect and segregation of children with disabilities, States parties shall provide promptly comprehensive information on services and support for children with disabilities and their families.
4. States parties shall ensure that a child shall not be separated from their parents against the wishes of these, except when competent authorities subject to judicial control, determine, in accordance with the laws and procedures, that the separation is necessary in the best interests of the child. In no event shall a child be separated from parents under claim of disability of the child or one or both parents.
5. States parties, in the event that the immediate family of a child with a disability are unable to take care of the child, will make every effort to ensure that alternative care are offered by other relatives and, if this is not possible, within the family, in the community environment.
Article 24 Education 1. States parties recognize the right of persons with disabilities to education. To implement this right without discrimination and on the basis of equal opportunity, States parties shall ensure that inclusive education system at all levels, as well as learning throughout life, with the following objectives: a) the full development of human potential and sense of dignity and self-esteem, as well as the strengthening of respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms and human diversity;
(b)), as much as possible development of personality and of the talents and creativity of people with disabilities, as well as their physical and intellectual abilities;
c) the effective participation of persons with disabilities in a free society.
2. For the realization of this right, States parties shall ensure that: a) people with disabilities are not excluded from the general education system under claim of disability and that children with disabilities are not excluded from free and compulsory primary education, or from secondary education, under allegations of disability;
b) people with disabilities can have access to inclusive, quality primary education, free of charge, and the secondary school, on equal terms with the other people in the community in which they live;
c) reasonable accommodation of individual needs are provided;
d) people with disabilities receive the support required, within the general education system, to facilitate their effective education;
and individualized support measures) and effective are adopted in environments that maximize academic and social development, according to the goal of full inclusion.
3. States parties shall ensure persons with disabilities the possibility of acquiring the practical skills and necessary social so as to facilitate people with disabilities full and equal participation in the educational system and in community life. To this end, States parties shall take appropriate measures, including:

a) braille learning facilitation, written alternative modes, means and formats of communication augmentative and alternative, and orientation and mobility skills, in addition to facilitating peer support and mentoring;
b) facilitating learning of sign language and the promotion of linguistic identity of the deaf community;
c) guarantee that the education of persons, in particular blind children, deaf and surdocegas, be provided in the languages and in the modes and media best suited to the individual, and in environments that encourage the most academic and social development.
4. In order to contribute to the exercise of this right, States parties shall take appropriate measures to employ teachers, including teachers with disabilities, entitled for the teaching of sign language and/or braille, and to train professionals and staff who work at all levels of education. This will incorporate disability awareness training and the use of modes, means and appropriate formats and alternative augmentative communication, and teaching materials and techniques, such as support for people with disabilities.
5. States parties shall ensure that persons with disabilities can have access to higher education in General, professional training in accordance with their vocation, adult education and continuing education, without discrimination and on an equal footing. To this end, States parties shall ensure the provision of reasonable accommodation for persons with disabilities.
Article 25 Health States parties recognize that persons with disabilities have the right to enjoy the highest possible state of health, without discrimination based on disability. States parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure to persons with disabilities access to health services, including rehabilitation services, which will take into account the specifics of genre. In particular, States parties:) will offer people with disabilities programs and free health care or affordable costs of the same variety, quality and standard that are offered to other persons, including in the area of sexual and reproductive health and public health programs aimed at the population in General;
b) will provide health services that people with disabilities need specifically because of their disabilities, including early intervention and diagnosis, as well as services designed to reduce as much as possible and prevent further disabilities, including among children and the elderly;
c) will provide these health services to persons with disabilities as close as possible to their own communities, including in rural areas;
d) Require health professionals to give people with disabilities the same quality of services dispensed to other people and, especially, to obtain the free and informed consent concerning people with disabilities. To this end, States parties shall carry out training activities and establish ethical rules for public and private health sectors, so as to educate health professionals about the human rights, dignity, autonomy and needs of persons with disabilities;
e) Prohibit discrimination against persons with disabilities in the provision of health insurance, and life insurance where such insurance are permitted by national legislation, which should be provided with reasonable and equitable way;
f) Preventing that refuse, of discriminatory way, health services or health care or the administration of solid or liquid foods by reason of disability.
Article 26 Habilitation and rehabilitation 1. States parties shall take effective and appropriate measures, including through peer support, to enable persons with disabilities achieve and maintain maximum autonomy and full capacity physically, mentally, socially and professionally, as well as full inclusion and participation in all aspects of life. To this end, States parties shall organize, strengthen and extend comprehensive habilitation services and programmes and rehabilitation, particularly in the areas of health, employment, education and social services so that these services and programmes: the Start very early stage) as possible and be based on multidisciplinary assessment of the needs and strengths of each person;
b) Support participation and inclusion in the community and in all aspects of social life, are offered on a voluntary basis and are available to persons with disabilities as close as possible to their own communities, including in rural areas.
2. States parties shall promote the development of initial and continuing training of professionals and staff working in habilitation and rehabilitation services.
3. States parties shall promote the availability, knowledge and use of assistive devices and technologies, designed for persons with disabilities and related enabling and rehabilitation.
Article 27 Work and employment 1. States parties recognize the right of persons with disabilities to work, on equal opportunities with other persons. This right includes the right to the opportunity to stay with a job of their choice or acceptance in the labour market, in the work environment that is open, inclusive and accessible to persons with disabilities. States parties will safeguard and promote the realization of the right to work, including those who have acquired a disability in employment, by adopting appropriate measures, including through legislation, to, inter alia: the) Prohibit discrimination based on disability with respect to all matters relating to the forms of employment, including conditions of recruitment, hiring and admission, permanence in employment Professional rise and safe conditions, and healthy;
b) protect the rights of persons with disabilities, on an equal footing with others, to just and favourable conditions of work, including equal opportunities and equal remuneration for work of equal value, safe and healthy working conditions, as well as repair of injustices and protection against harassment at work;
c) ensure that persons with disabilities can exercise their rights and labour unions, on equal terms with other people;
d) Enable people with disabilities to access effective programs of technical and vocational guidance and placement services at work and professional training and continued;
e) Promote employment opportunities and professional rise for people with disabilities in the labour market, as well as assistance in finding, obtaining and maintaining employment and in return to employment;
f) Promote job opportunities, entrepreneurship, cooperative development and establishment of own business;
g) Employ persons with disabilities in the public sector;
h) Promote the employment of people with disabilities in the private sector through appropriate policies and measures, which may include affirmative action programmes, incentives and other measures;
I) ensure that reasonable accommodation are made for people with disabilities in the workplace;
j) Promote the acquisition of work experience for people with disabilities in the open labour market;
k) Promote vocational rehabilitation, maintenance of employment and return to work programs for people with disabilities.
2. States parties shall ensure that persons with disabilities are not held in slavery or servitude and that are protected, on an equal footing with others, against forced or compulsory labour.
Article 28 standard of living and social protection suitable 1. States parties recognize the right of persons with disabilities to an adequate standard of living for themselves and their families, including adequate food, clothing and housing and to the continuous improvement of their living conditions, and shall take the necessary measures to safeguard and promote the realization of this right without discrimination based on disability.
2. States parties recognize the right of persons with disabilities to social protection and to the exercise of that right without discrimination on the basis of disability, and shall take appropriate measures to safeguard and promote the realization of this right, such as: a) Ensure equal access of persons with disabilities to basic sanitation services and to ensure access to services, devices and other appropriate calls for disability-related needs;
b) Ensure access by persons with disabilities, particularly women, children and the aged with disabilities, to social protection programmes and poverty reduction;
c) Ensure access by persons with disabilities and their families in situations of poverty to assistance from the State in relation to their expenses incurred by the disability, including adequate training, counselling, financial assistance and respite care;
d) Ensure access by persons with disabilities to public housing programmes;
and Ensure equal access of) persons with disabilities to retirement benefits and programmes.
Article 29 participation in political and public life States parties shall guarantee to persons with disabilities political rights and the opportunity to exercise them on equal terms with others, and shall:

a) ensure that persons with disabilities can effectively and fully participate in political and public life, equal opportunities with other persons, either directly or through freely chosen representatives, including the right and opportunity to vote and be voted, by, among others: (i)) guarantee that the procedures, facilities and materials and equipment for voting will be suitable accessible and easy to understand and use;
II) the right of persons with disabilities to the secret ballot in elections and referendums, without intimidation, and to stand in elections, effectively occupy elected Office and play any public functions at all levels of Government, using new assistive technologies, as appropriate;
III) free speech guarantee will of persons with disabilities as electors and to this end, where necessary and upon request, permission for them to be assisted in voting by a person of their choice;
b) Promote actively an environment in which persons with disabilities can effectively and fully participate in the conduct of public affairs, without discrimination and in equality of opportunity with others, and encourage their participation in public affairs, by means of: i) Participation in non-governmental organizations concerned with the public and political life of the country, as well as in the activities and administration of political parties;
II) formation of organizations to represent persons with disabilities at international, regional, national and local levels, as well as the affiliation of people with disabilities to such organizations.
Article 30 participation in cultural life and in recreation, leisure and sport 1. States parties recognize the right of persons with disabilities to participate in cultural life, in equal opportunities with other persons, and shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that people with disabilities can: a) have access to cultural assets in accessible formats;
b) Have access to television programs, movies, theater and other cultural activities, in accessible formats; and (c)) Have access to sites that offer services or cultural events, such as theatres, museums, cinemas, libraries and tourism services, and, as far as possible, have access to monuments and sites of national cultural importance.
2. States parties shall take appropriate measures so that people with disabilities have the opportunity to develop and utilize their creative, artistic and intellectual potential, not only for their own benefit, but also for the enrichment of society.
3. States parties shall make all the arrangements, in accordance with international law, to ensure that the legislation of protection of intellectual property rights does not constitute excessive or discriminatory barrier to access by persons with disabilities to cultural assets.
4.As people with disabilities will do justice, in equal opportunities with other persons, to which their specific cultural and linguistic identity is recognized and supported, including sign languages and deaf culture.
5. For people with disabilities to participate, on equal opportunities with other persons, recreational activities, sports and leisure activities, States parties shall take appropriate measures: a to) encourage and promote the greatest possible participation of persons with disabilities in the ordinary sports activities at all levels;
b) ensure that persons with disabilities have the opportunity to organize, develop and participate in sports and recreational activities specific to disabilities and, to this end, encourage the provision of education, training and adequate resources, in equal opportunities with other persons;
c) ensure that persons with disabilities have access to sporting events, recreational sites and tours;
d) Ensure that children with disabilities can, on equal terms with the other children, participate in games and recreational activities, sports and leisure, including in the school system;
e) ensure that persons with disabilities have access to services provided by persons or entities involved in the Organization of recreational, tourism, sports and leisure.
Article 31 statistics and data collection 1. States parties will collect appropriate data, including statistics and research, so that they can formulate and implement policies to implement the Convention. The process of collecting and maintaining such data should: a) to observe the safeguards established by law, including the laws on data protection, to ensure confidentiality and respect for the privacy of persons with disabilities;
b) observe the internationally accepted to protect human rights, fundamental freedoms and ethical principles in the collection of data and use of statistics.
2.As information collected in accordance with the provisions of this article shall be disaggregated, properly, and used to assess compliance by the States parties of their obligations under this Convention and to identify and address the barriers which disabled people face in the exercise of their rights.
3. States parties shall take responsibility for the dissemination of these statistics and ensure that they are accessible to people with disabilities and others.
Article 32 International Cooperation 1. States parties recognize the importance of international cooperation and its promotion, in support of national efforts for the achievement of the purpose and objectives of this Convention and, in this regard, adopt appropriate and effective measures between Member States and, accordingly, in partnership with relevant international and regional organizations and civil society and in particular, with organizations of persons with disabilities. These measures may include, among others: to) ensure that international cooperation, including international development programmes, are inclusive and accessible to persons with disabilities;
b) facilitate and support capacity-building, including through the Exchange and sharing of information, experiences, training programmes and best practices;
c) facilitating cooperation in research and access to scientific and technical knowledge;
d) Provide, in an appropriate manner, technical and financial assistance, including by facilitating access to assistive technologies and accessible and sharing, as well as through transfer of technology.
2. The provisions of this Article shall apply without prejudice to the obligations of each State party as a result of this Convention.
Article 33 national implementation and monitoring 1. States parties, in accordance with your organizational system, shall designate one or more focal points within Government for matters relating to the implementation of this Convention and shall give due consideration to the establishment or designation of a coordination mechanism within Government to facilitate related action in different sectors and levels.
2. States parties, in accordance with their legal and administrative systems, maintain, strengthen, designate or establish, including one or more of an independent mechanism, properly, to promote, protect and monitor the implementation of this Convention. To designate or establish such a mechanism, States parties will take into account the principles relating to the status and functioning of national institutions for protection and promotion of human rights.
3. civil society and, particularly, people with disabilities and their representative organizations, shall be involved and participate fully in the monitoring process.
Article 34 Committee on the rights of persons with disabilities 1. A Committee on the rights of persons with disabilities (hereinafter referred to as "Committee") shall be established to carry out the tasks defined here.
2. The Committee shall consist of, at the time of the entry into force of this Convention, of 12 experts. When this Convention reach 60 ratifications or accessions, the Committee will be increased to six members, making a total of 18 members.
3. The Committee members will act in a personal capacity and shall provide high moral posture, recognized competence and experience in the field covered by this Convention. To designate their candidates, States parties are urged to give due consideration to the provisions of article 4.3 of the present Convention.
4. The members of the Committee shall be elected by States parties, in accordance with an equitable geographical distribution, representation of the different forms of civilization and of the principal legal systems, balanced gender representation and participation of experts with disabilities.
5. The members of the Committee shall be elected by secret ballot in sessions of the meeting of States parties from a list of persons designated by States parties between their nationals. In these sessions, which quorum is two-thirds of the States parties, the candidates elected to the Committee shall be those who obtain the largest number of votes and an absolute majority of the votes of the representatives of States parties present and voting.

6. The first election will be held no later than six months after the date of entry into force of this Convention. At least four months prior to each election, the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall address a letter to States parties inviting them to submit the names of their candidates within two months. The Secretary-General subsequently prepare list in alphabetical order of all the candidates presented, indicating that have been designated by the States parties, and shall submit this list to States parties to this Convention.
7. The members of the Committee shall be elected for a term of four years and may be candidates for re-election only once. However, the term of Office of six members elected at the first election shall expire at the end of two years; immediately after the first election, the names of these six members shall be selected by lot by the Chairman of the session referred to in paragraph 5 of this article.
8. The election of the six additional members of the Committee will be held on the occasion of regular elections, in accordance with the relevant provisions of this article.
9. in case of death, resignation or declaration of a member that, for some reason, cannot continue to exercise his duties, the State party has nominated shall appoint another expert who has the qualifications and satisfies the requirements laid down by the relevant devices of this article, to complete the mandate in question.
10. The Committee shall establish its own rules of procedure.
11. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall provide the necessary staff and facilities for the effective performance of the functions of the Committee in accordance with this Convention, and shall convene its first meeting.
General Assembly approval 12.Com, members of the Committee established under the present Convention shall receive emoluments from United Nations resources, under terms and conditions as the Assembly may decide, in view of the importance of the responsibilities of the Committee.
13. The members of the Committee shall be entitled to the privileges, immunities and facilities of the experts in United Nations missions, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Convention on privileges and immunities of the United Nations.
Article 35 reports by States parties 1. Each State party, through the Secretary-General of the United Nations, shall submit comprehensive report on the measures adopted in compliance with its obligations established by the Convention and on the progress achieved in that regard, within two years after the entry into force of this Convention for the State party concerned.
2. Thereafter, States parties shall submit subsequent reports at least every four years or whenever the Committee so requests.
3. The Committee shall determine the guidelines applicable to the content of the reports.
4. A State party which has submitted a comprehensive initial report to the Committee need not, in subsequent reports, repeat information already presented. In preparing the reports to the Committee, States parties are urged to do so in a manner that is open and transparent and take into account the provisions of article 4.3 of the present Convention.
5. reports may point out the factors and difficulties that have affected the fulfilment of the obligations arising from this Convention.
Article 36 Consideration of reports 1. reports will be considered by the Committee, which will make suggestions and general recommendations it deems relevant and shall transmit to the respective States parties. The State party may respond to the Committee with the information which he considers relevant. The Committee may request additional information to States parties concerning the implementation of this Convention.
2.Se a State party considerably delaying the delivery of its report, the Committee may notify the State that will examine the implementation of this Convention based on reliable information available, unless the report due to be presented by the State within the period of three months after the notification. The Committee shall invite the State party concerned to participate in this examination. If the State party respond by delivering his report, will apply the provisions of paragraph 1 of this article.
3. The Secretary-General of the United Nations to put the reports to all States parties.
4. States parties shall make their reports widely available to the public in their own countries and facilitate access to the possibility of suggestions and general recommendations about these reports.
5. The Committee shall transmit to the specialized agencies, funds and programmes of the United Nations and other competent organizations, as it deems appropriate, the reports of States parties containing demands or indications of need for consulting or technical assistance, together with any comments and suggestions of the Committee with respect to these demands or indications, in order to be considered.
Article 37 cooperation between States parties and the Committee 1. Each State party shall cooperate with the Committee and assist its members in the performance of its mandate.
2. In its relationship with States parties, the Committee shall give due consideration to the means and ways to enhance the capacity of each State party for the implementation of the present Convention, including through international cooperation.
Article 38 Relationship of the Committee with other bodies in order to promote the effective implementation of this Convention and to encourage international cooperation in the field covered by this Convention: a) The specialized agencies and other United Nations organs shall be entitled to be represented during the consideration of the implementation of the provisions of this Convention that relate to their respective mandates. The Committee may invite the specialized agencies and other competent bodies, according to judge appropriate, offer expert advice on the implementation of the Convention in areas relevant to their respective mandates. The Committee may invite specialized agencies and other United Nations organs to submit reports on the implementation of the Convention in relevant fields to their respective activities;
b) in the performance of its mandate, the Committee shall consult with, appropriately, other relevant bodies established under international human rights treaties, in order to ensure the consistency of their respective reporting guidelines, suggestions and general recommendations, and avoiding duplication and overlap in the performance of their duties.
Article 39 Report of the Committee every two years, the Committee shall submit to the General Assembly and the economic and Social Council a report on its activities and may make suggestions and general recommendations based on the examination of reports and information received from States parties. These suggestions and general recommendations shall be included in the report of the Committee together with comments, if any, from States parties.
Article 40 Conference of States parties 1. The States parties shall meet regularly in a Conference of States parties in order to consider matters relating to the implementation of this Convention.
2. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall convene, within the period of six months after the entry into force of this Convention, the Conference of the States parties. The subsequent meetings shall be convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations every two years or according to the decision of the Conference of the States parties.
Article 41 Depositary the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall be the depositary of this Convention.
Article 42 Signature the present Convention shall be open for signature to all States and regional integration organizations at United Nations Headquarters in New York, from 30 March 2007.
Article 43 consent to undertake the present Convention shall be subject to ratification by the signatory States and to formal confirmation by signatory regional integration organizations. It shall be open for accession by any State or regional integration organization than there is signed.
Article 44 regional integration organizations 1. " Regional integration organization "shall be understood as an organisation constituted by sovereign States of a given region, to which its Member States have delegated jurisdiction over matter covered by this Convention. Such organizations shall declare, in their formal confirmation or accession, the extent of their competence with respect to matters covered by this Convention. Subsequently, organizations shall inform the depositary of any substantial change in the scope of its competence.
2.As references to "States parties" in this Convention shall apply to such organizations within the limits of the competence of these.
3. For the purposes of paragraph 1 of article 45 and paragraphs 2 and 3 of article 47, any instrument deposited by a regional integration organization shall be computed.
4.As regional integration organizations, in matters within their competence, may exercise the right to vote in the Conference of States parties being entitled to the same number of votes as the number of their Member States that are Parties to this Convention. Such organisations shall not exercise their right to vote if any of its Member States exercise their right to vote, and vice versa.
Article 45 entry into force 1. this Convention shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the deposit of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession.

2. For each State or regional integration organization ratifying or formally confirm this Convention or accedes to it after the deposit of the twentieth instrument, the Convention shall enter into force on the 30th day from the date on which that State or organization has deposited its instrument of ratification, formal confirmation or accession.
Article 46 Reservations 1. Will not be allowed reservations incompatible with the object and purpose of this Convention.
2.As reservations may be withdrawn at any time.
Article 47 Amendments 1. Any State party may propose amendments to this Convention and shall submit them to the Secretary General of the United Nations. The Secretary-General shall communicate any proposed amendments to States parties, requesting them to notify whether they favour a Conference of States parties to consider the proposals and take decision about them. If, until four months after the date of such communication at least one third of the States parties to manifest itself in favour of this Conference, the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall convene the Conference under the auspices of the United Nations. Any amendment adopted by a majority of two thirds of the States parties present and voting shall be submitted by the Secretary-General to the approval of the General Assembly of the United Nations and, subsequently, to the acceptance of all States parties.
2. Any amendment adopted and approved in accordance with the provisions laid down in paragraph 1 of this article shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date on which the number of instruments of acceptance has reached two-thirds of the number of States parties at the date of adoption of the amendment. Thereafter the amendment shall enter into force for any State party on the thirtieth day after the deposit by such State of its instrument of acceptance. The amendment shall be binding only to the States parties that have accepted them.
3.Se the Conference of the States parties so decide by consensus, any amendment adopted and approved in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 1 of this article, related exclusively to articles 34, 38, 39 and 40, it shall enter into force for all States parties on the thirtieth day from the date on which the number of instruments of acceptance deposited has reached two-thirds of the number of States parties at the date of adoption of the amendment.
Article 48 Denunciation a State party may denounce the present Convention by written notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The denunciation shall become effective one year after the date of receipt of the notification by the Secretary-General.
Article 49 accessible formats the text of the present Convention shall be made available in accessible formats.
Article 50 authentic texts The Arabic, Chinese, Spanish, French, English and Russian of the present Convention shall be equally authentic.
In witness whereof, the undersigned plenipotentiaries, being duly authorized for this purpose by their respective Governments, have signed this Convention.
Optional Protocol to the CONVENTION on the RIGHTS OF PERSONS with DISABILITIES The States parties to the present Protocol have agreed as follows: Article 1 1. Any State party to this Protocol (? State Party?) recognizes the competence of the Committee on the rights of persons with disabilities (? Committee?) to receive and consider communications submitted by individuals or groups of people, or on their behalf, subject to its jurisdiction claiming to be victims of violations of the provisions of the Convention by that State party.
2. The Committee will not receive communication regarding any State party which is not a signatory to this Protocol.
Article 2 the Committee shall consider the communication inadmissible when: a) the communication is anonymous;
b) the communication constitutes abuse of the right to submit such communications or is incompatible with the provisions of the Convention;
c) the same matter has already been examined by the Committee or has been or is being examined under another procedure of international investigation or settlement;
d) have not been exhausted all internal resources available, except where the processing of these resources continues unjustifiably, that is unlikely to produce with them effective solution;
and) the communication is poorly justified or is not sufficiently substantiated; or f) the facts that prompted the communication occurred prior to the entry into force of the present Protocol for the State party concerned unless those facts continued occurring after that date.
Article 3 subject to the provisions of article 2 of this Protocol, the Committee will take confidentially to the attention of the State party regarding any communication submitted to the Committee. Within the period of six months, the State concerned shall submit to the Committee written explanations or statements clarifying the matter and the possible solution adopted by that State.
Article 4 1. At any time after receipt of a communication and before deciding on the merits of this communication, the Committee may transmit to the State party concerned, for its urgent consideration, a request that the State party take the precautionary measures that are necessary to avoid possible irreparable damage to the victim or victims of the alleged violation.
2. the exercise of discretionary faculties Committee by virtue of paragraph 1 of this article shall not prejudice some on the admissibility or on the merits of the communication.
Article 5 the Committee shall hold closed sessions to examine communications submitted to it in accordance with this Protocol. After examining a communication, the Committee shall forward its suggestions and recommendations, if any, to the State party concerned and to the applicant.
Article 6 1.Se receive reliable information indicating that a State party is committing serious or systematic violations of rights set forth in the Convention, the Committee shall invite that State party to cooperate with the verification of the information and, to this end, to submit observations with regard to the information on hand.
2. Taking into account any comments that have been submitted by the State party concerned, as well as any other reliable information in the possession of the Committee may designate one or more of its members to conduct research and submit, on the basis of urgency, report to the Committee. Where appropriate and the State party the consents, the investigation may include a visit to the territory of that State.
3. After examining the results of the investigation, the Committee shall inform the State party concerned together with any comments and recommendations.
4. Within the period of six months after receipt of the results, comments and recommendations transmitted by the Committee, the State party concerned shall submit its observations to the Committee.
5. This research will be conducted confidentially and the cooperation of the State party shall be sought at all stages of the process.
Article 7 1. The Committee may invite the State party concerned to include in its report, submitted in accordance with article 35 of the Convention, details about the measures taken as a result of the investigation carried out in accordance with article 6 of this Protocol.
2. If necessary, the Committee may, ended the period of six months referred to in paragraph 4 of article 6, invite the State party concerned to inform the Committee about the measures taken as a result of the said investigation.
Article 8 any State party may, at the time of signature or ratification of this Protocol or of accession to it, declare that it does not recognize the competence of the Committee, referred to in articles 6 and 7.
Article 9 the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall be the depositary of this Protocol.
Article 10 this Protocol shall be open for signature by the States and regional integration organizations signatories of the Convention, at United Nations Headquarters in New York, from 30 March 2007.
Article 11 the present Protocol is subject to ratification by the signatory States of this Protocol which have ratified the Convention or acceded to it. He will be subject to formal confirmation by signatory regional integration organizations of the present Protocol which have formally confirmed or acceded to the Convention. The Protocol will be open to accession by any State or regional integration organization have ratified or formally confirmed or acceded to the Convention and that have not signed the Protocol.
Article 12 1.? Regional integration organization? will be understood as an organisation constituted by sovereign States of a given region, to which its Member States have delegated jurisdiction over matter covered by the Convention and by this Protocol. Such organizations shall declare, in their formal confirmation or accession, the extent of their competence with respect to matters covered by the Convention and by this Protocol. Subsequently, organizations shall inform the depositary of any substantial change in the scope of its competence.
2.As references to? States Parties? the present Protocol shall apply to such organizations within the limits of the competence of such organizations.
3. For the purposes of paragraph 1 of article 13 and article 15, paragraph 2, any instrument deposited by a regional integration organization shall be computed.

4.As regional integration organizations, in matters within their competence, may exercise the right to vote in the Conference of States parties being entitled to the same number of votes that its Member States that are parties to this Protocol. Such organisations shall not exercise their right to vote if any of its Member States exercise their right to vote, and vice versa.
Article 13 1. Subject to the entry into force of the Convention, the present Protocol shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the deposit of the tenth instrument of ratification or accession.
2. For each State or regional integration organization ratifying or formally confirm or accede to this Protocol after the deposit of the tenth such instrument, the Protocol shall enter into force on the 30th day from the date on which that State or organization has deposited its instrument of ratification, formal confirmation or accession.
Article 14 1. Will not be allowed reservations incompatible with the object and purpose of this Protocol.
2.As reservations may be withdrawn at any time.
Article 15 1. Any State party may propose amendments to the present Protocol and submit it to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The Secretary-General shall communicate any proposed amendments to States parties, requesting them to notify whether they favour a Conference of States parties to consider the proposals and take decision about them. If, until four months after the date of such communication at least one third of the States parties to manifest itself in favour of this Conference, the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall convene the Conference under the auspices of the United Nations. Any amendment adopted by a majority of two thirds of the States parties present and voting shall be submitted by the Secretary-General to the approval of the General Assembly of the United Nations and, subsequently, to the acceptance of all States parties.
2. Any amendment adopted and approved in accordance with the provisions laid down in paragraph 1 of this article shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date on which the number of instruments of acceptance has reached two-thirds of the number of States parties at the date of adoption of the amendment. Thereafter the amendment shall enter into force for any State party on the thirtieth day after the deposit by such State of its instrument of acceptance. The amendment shall be binding only to the States parties that have accepted them.
Article 16 any State party may denounce this Protocol by written notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The denunciation shall become effective one year after the date of receipt of the notification by the Secretary-General.
Article 17 the text of the present Protocol shall be made available in accessible formats.
Article 18 The Arabic, Chinese, Spanish, French, English and Russian and of the present Protocol shall be equally authentic.
In witness whereof, the undersigned plenipotentiaries, being duly authorized for this purpose by their respective Governments, have signed this Protocol.

Related Laws