Read the untranslated law here: http://www.gacetaoficialdebolivia.gob.bo/index.php/normas/verGratis_gob2/138877
Law No. 071 law of 21 of December 2010 EVO MORALES AYMA President constitutional of the PLURINATIONAL State of BOLIVIA, by how much, the plurinational Legislative Assembly, has sanctioned the following law: the Assembly Legislative PLURINATIONAL, DECREES: law of rights of the mother earth chapter I object and principles article 1. (OBJECT). This law aims to recognize the rights of mother earth, as well as the obligations and duties of the plurinational State and society to ensure respect for these rights.
Article 2. (PRINCIPLES). The principles of mandatory compliance, governing this law are: harmony. Human activities, in the framework of plurality and diversity, must achieve dynamic equilibria with cycles and processes inherent to mother earth.
Collective good. The interest of the society, within the framework of the rights of mother earth, prevail in all human activity and above any acquired right.
Guarantee of regeneration of the earth mother. He State in their different levels and the society, in harmony with the interest common, should ensure them conditions necessary to them different systems of life of the mother land can absorb damage, adapt is to them disturbances, and regenerate is without alter significantly their features of structure and functionality, recognizing that them systems of life have limits in its capacity of regenerate is , and that humanity have limits on their ability to reverse their actions.
Respect for and defence of the rights of mother earth. The State and any person, individual or collective respect, protect and guarantee the rights of mother earth for the living well of current generations and the future.
Not commodification. That can not be commercialized systems of life, nor the processes that sustain, nor form part of the heritage private nobody.
Interculturality. He exercise of them rights of the mother earth requires of the recognition, recovery, respect, protection, and dialogue of the diversity of feelings, values, knowledge, knowledge, practices, skills, transcendences, transformations, Sciences, technologies and standards, of all them cultures of the world that seek live in harmony with the nature.
Chapter II mother earth, definition and character article 3. (MOTHER EARTH). The mother earth is the system living dynamic formed by it community indivisible of all those systems of life and them beings living, interrelated, interdependent and complementary, that share a destination common.
Mother Earth is considered sacred, from the worldviews of peasant Nations and native indigenous people.
Article 4. (LIFE SYSTEMS). They are complex, dynamic communities of plants, animals, micro-organisms and other beings and their surroundings, where human communities and the rest of nature as a functional unit, under the influence of geological, physiographic and climatic factors, as well as production practices, and the cultural diversity of the Bolivian and Bolivian, and worldviews of the Nations and peoples indigenous native peasants interact intercultural communities and afrobolivianas.
Article 5. (LEGAL NATURE OF MOTHER EARTH). For the purposes of protection and protection of their rights, mother earth adopts the character of collective subject of public interest.
Mother Earth and all of its components including human communities are all inherent rights recognized by this law. The implementation of the rights of mother earth will take into account the specificities and particularities of its various components. The rights established in this law, not simply the existence of other rights of mother earth.
Article 6. (EXERCISE OF THE RIGHTS OF MOTHER EARTH). All the Bolivian and Bolivian, to become part of the community of beings that compose the mother earth, exercise the rights established in this law, in a manner consistent with their individual and collective rights.
The exercise of individual rights are limited by the exercise of collective rights in the life of mother Earth systems, any conflict between rights must be resolved so that the functionality of the systems of life is not irreversibly affected.
Chapter III rights of mother Earth article 7. (RIGHTS OF MOTHER EARTH)
I Mother Earth has the following rights: to life: is the right to the maintenance of the integrity of life systems and the natural processes that sustain them, as well as capacities and conditions for your feedback.
The diversity of life: is the right to the preservation of differentiation and variety of the beings that compose the mother earth, without being genetically altered or modified in its structure artificially, so threatening its existence, performance and future potential.
Water: is the right to the preservation of the functionality of the cycles of water, its existence in the quantity and quality required for sustaining the life systems, and its protection from pollution for the reproduction of the life of mother earth and all of its components.
Clean air: is the right to the preservation of the quality and composition of the air for the support of the systems of life and its protection against pollution, for the reproduction of the life of mother earth and all of its components.
To the balance: is the right to maintenance or restoration of the interrelationship, interdependence, complementarity and functionality of components of mother earth, in a balanced way for the continuation of their cycles and reproduction of their vital processes.
Restoration: is the right to restore timely and effective systems of life affected by human activities directly or indirectly.
To live free from pollution: is the right to the preservation of mother Earth from pollution of any of its components, as well as toxic and radioactive waste generated by human activities.
Chapter IV obligations of the State and society duties Article 8. (PLURINATIONAL STATE OBLIGATIONS). The plurinational State, at all levels and territorial areas and across all authorities and institutions, has the following obligations: develop public policy and systematic actions of prevention, early warning, protection, caution, to avoid that human activities lead to the extinction of populations of beings, the alteration of the cycles and processes that guarantee the life or destruction of living systems including the cultural systems that are part of mother earth.
Develop ways of production and consumption patterns that are balanced to the satisfaction of the needs of the Bolivian people for living well, safeguarding regenerative capabilities and integrity of cycles, processes and vital balances of mother earth.
Develop policies to defend mother earth in the multinational and international scope of the overexploitation of their components, the commodification of life systems or processes that sustain them and the structural causes of Global climate change and its effects.
Develop policies to ensure long-term from saving energy sovereignty, increasing the efficiency and the gradual incorporation of clean and renewable alternative sources in the energy matrix.
Demand international recognition of environmental debt through financing and transfer of technologies clean, effective, and compatible with the rights of mother earth, as well as other mechanisms.
To promote peace and the Elimination of all nuclear, chemical, biological weapons and mass destruction.
Promote the recognition and defense of the rights of mother earth in the multilateral, regional and bilateral international relations field.
Article 9. (DUTIES OF PERSONS) Duties of natural and legal persons, public or private: defend and respect the rights of mother earth.
Promote harmony on mother earth in all areas of their relationship with the rest of human communities and the rest of nature in living systems.
Participate actively, personal or collectively, in the generation of proposals oriented towards respect for and defence of the rights of mother earth.
Take practices of production and consumption habits in harmony with the rights of mother earth.
Ensure the use and sustainable use of the components of the mother earth.
Denounce any act that violates the rights of mother earth, its life systems and/or their components.
Go to the call of the authorities or organised civil society for carrying out actions oriented to the conservation and/or protection of mother earth.
Article 10. (ADVOCACY OF MOTHER EARTH). Creates the defense of mother earth, whose mission is to ensure the validity, promotion, diffusion and fulfilment of the rights of mother earth, established in the present law. A special law shall establish its structure, functioning and powers.
Refer to the Executive Branch, for constitutional purposes.
Two thousand ten is given in the room of sessions the Assembly Legislative multinational, seven days of the month of December of the year.
FDO. Rene Oscar Martinez Callahuanca, Hector Enrique Arce Zaconeta, Andres Villca Daza, Clementina Garnica Cruz, Angel David Cortés Villegas, Jose Antonio Yucra walls.
I therefore enacted it is and meets as a law of the plurinational State of Bolivia.
Government Palace of the city of La Paz, at twenty-one days of the month of December of two thousand ten years.
FDO. EVO MORALES AYMA, David Choquehuanca Cespedes, Oscar Coca Antezana, Maria Esther Udaeta Velásquez, Nemesia Achacollo Tola, Carlos Romero Bonifaz, Zulma Yugar Parraga.
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