Read the untranslated law here: http://www.gacetaoficialdebolivia.gob.bo/index.php/normas/verGratis_gob2/152217
Law No. 521 law of 22 April 2014 EVO MORALES AYMA President constitutional of the PLURINATIONAL State of BOLIVIA, by how much, the plurinational Legislative Assembly, has sanctioned the following law: the Assembly Legislative PLURINATIONAL, D E C R E T A: law of security and defense of space air chapter one General article 1. (OBJECT). This law aims to establish and regulate measures, actions and procedures for control, surveillance and defence of the airspace of the plurinational State of Bolivia in exercise of their sovereignty.
ARTICLE 2. (SCOPE). This law is applicable to all objects, appliances and aircraft civil, national or foreign that are operating in the territory and airspace of the plurinational State of Bolivia.
ARTICLE 3. (PURPOSE). This law aims to prevent security and exercise sovereignty and defence of the airspace of the plurinational State of Bolivia, establishing procedures for the interception of civil aircraft and the use of force against declared infringing, illegal or hostile aircraft.
ARTICLE 4. (CIRCULATING AIR).
I. the plurinational State of Bolivia exercises sovereignty over the airspace covering its territory and air circulation inside it, by controlling the air space by the command of security and defense of the air space.
II. within the framework of the provisions of the present law, shall apply the security measures, procedures for interception of aircraft civil, measures that make up the security of civil aviation against acts of unlawful interference and measures of Defense by the plurinational State of Bolivia.
ARTICLE 5. (AIRCRAFT IN THE AIR CIRCULATION). The State exercises the right to require the landing of any civilian aircraft overflying the Bolivian airspace; When, on reasonable grounds it is determined that it is not empowered to do so, does not have permissions or corresponding authorizations, or be established that their activity is incompatible with the rules of international and national civil aviation.
ARTICLE 6. (AIRCRAFT INFRINGING, ILLEGAL AND HOSTILE).
I for the purposes of this Act, establishing the following classification: aircraft law-breakers. They are aircraft that by their behavior, voluntary or involuntary, modify its original flight plan without notifying air traffic control; they violate or do not meet the aeronautical regulations; or they violate orders and provisions of air traffic controllers. These may be forced to land by means of orders or interception, according to procedures set out in the corresponding aeronautical regulations.
Aircraft illicit. Are those aircraft that in ground or in flight, carried out activities with purposes incompatible to the standards of aviation civil international; violation of airspace or criminal activity. These aircraft may be required to land through orders or interception in order to carry out the corresponding judicial proceedings. The offending aircraft, may be declared illegal when they refuse to comply with orders and regulations.
Hostile aircraft. They are aircraft that show obvious actions of aggression, threat or attempted escape. Likewise, aircraft that being declared illegal to refuse landing or to comply with orders or dispositions.
II. all flight inside the national air space of any hostile aircraft, shall be construed as a threat to State security and a breach to the security and sovereignty of the plurinational State of Bolivia.
ARTICLE 7. (COMMAND OF SECURITY AND DEFENSE OF THE AIRSPACE).
I created the command of security and defense of the air space, which will establish the operating procedures of the comprehensive system of security and national air defense and the system of surveillance and control of airspace; for the detection, identification and interception of aircraft, as well as to declare an aircraft infringing, illegal or hostile, with the corresponding implementation of preventive, dissuasive actions, coercive or reactive on these.
II. the Minister of defence shall appoint, prior official communication to the President of the plurinational State of Bolivia, the Commander of security and defense of the air space of a list of three proposed by the General command of the force air, which will be held by a senior officer.
III. the Commander of security and defense of the air space, constitutes the highest decision-making authority authorising the use of force or repression of declared hostile aircraft, once verified and complied with procedures that give legality to the decision.
ARTICLE 8. (OPERATIVE COORDINATION COUNCIL).
I. this Council will be integrated by: Bolivian air force-FAB.
Directorate-General of national security airport-DIGESNA.
Airports and auxiliary services to the AASANA air navigation administration.
Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil-DGAC.
And others that are considered necessary.
II. the command of security and defense of the air space, will be at the head of the Council's coordination technical - operative.
III. East Council helps in the preparation of regulations and propose operational procedures of this law.
ARTICLE 9. (INTERCEPTION OF AIRCRAFT). A civil aircraft interception procedures, will be implemented in order to identify it, help you, force it to return to its path or force it to land, as appropriate, according to procedures set out in the corresponding regulations Aeronautics Bolivian.
ARTICLE 10. (LEGITIMATE DEFENCE). The plurinational State of Bolivia recognizes as legitimate defense, reactive, coercive and dissuasive, preventive actions applied to civil aircraft infringing, illegal or hostile, as appropriate according to the levels of use of force.
ARTICLE 11. (SUPPRESSION OF HOSTILE AIRCRAFT). Having exhausted the measures and preventive, dissuasive and coercive actions on declared hostile aircraft, warning, these are subject to the measures and reactive actions consisting in the use of force, physical aggression or repression against the aircraft, whose result can be manifested in damages, demolition or destruction of the aircraft, such as right to legitimate defense of the State, according to procedures established by the command of security and defense of the air space as well as appropriate as a last resort of Defense.
ARTICLE 12. (MEANS AND RESOURCES).
The plurinational State of Bolivia, through the force Aerea Boliviana-FAB, and the ministering of airports and auxiliary services to navigation and aerial-AASANA will have needed radar to the detection, identification and interception of aircraft; and with systems of communication.
II. the budget for it sustainability that demand them operations of the command of security and defense of the space air, will be covered through resources that generate the administration of airports and services auxiliary to the navigation air-AASANA, it address General of aeronautical Civil-DGAC and of them budgets of the Ministry of Defense and of the Ministry of Government, as well as of conventions inter-agency and other sources of financing , according to regulation.
ARTICLE 13. (AIRCRAFT CIVILIANS IN ACTIVITIES OF DRUG TRAFFICKING). The aircraft civilians that are caught in activities of drug trafficking, will be seized directly in favor of the forces armed; of the same way that were detained and is set your bonding with the drug trafficking, given by authority competent, previous processes legal; is except of the seizure, the aircraft that develop their activities in lines aerial commercial, that in case of be used for activities illicit of drug trafficking, will be them representatives legal of these, who is subject to processes judicial corresponding.
ARTICLE 14. (AGREEMENTS OF COOPERATION). The State can sign treaties or international cooperation agreements with countries and institutions for the fulfillment of the purpose of the present law.
PROVISIONS TRANSITIONAL FIRST. The regulation will be carried out by the Executive Branch, through the Ministry of defence in coordination with the operative Coordination Council, within a period of one hundred and eighty (180) days Computable from the publication of this law.
THE SECOND. For the implementation of article 12 of this law, empower the executive body the acquisition of radar and communications systems, because it is an issue of security and defense of the State.
SOLE FINAL PROVISION.
I. the Ministry of defence shall execute the necessary steps for the implementation and effective improvement of the comprehensive system of monitoring, Control and defence of the air space.
II. the Lord Minister of Defense is responsible for the enforcement of this law.
Refer to the Executive Branch, for constitutional purposes.
It is given in the room of sessions the Assembly Legislative multinational, eight days after the month of April of two thousand fourteen years.
FDO. Eugenio Rojas Apaza, Javier Eduardo Zavaleta Lopez, Efrain Condori Lopez, Roxana Camargo Fernandez, Carlos Aparicio Vedia, Angel David Cortés Villegas.
I therefore enacted it is and meets as a law of the plurinational State of Bolivia.
Palace of Government of the city of the peace, to the twenty-two days of the month of April of the year two thousand fourteen.
FDO. EVO MORALES AYMA, David Choquehuanca Céspedes, Juan Ramón Quintana Taborga, Carlos Gustavo Romero Bonifaz, Ruben Aldo Saavedra Soto, Amanda Davila Torres.
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