Law Approving The Convention On Cybercrime, Made In Budapest On 23 November 2001 (1) (2) (3).

Original Language Title: Loi portant assentiment à la Convention sur la cybercriminalité, faite à Budapest le 23 novembre 2001 (1) (2) (3)

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Read the untranslated law here: http://www.ejustice.just.fgov.be/cgi/article_body.pl?numac=2012015172&caller=list&article_lang=F&row_id=1400&numero=1437&pub_date=2012-11-21&dt=LOI&language=fr&fr=f&choix1=ET&choix2=ET&fromtab=+moftxt&trier=publication&sql=dt+=+'LOI'&tri=pd+AS+RANK+

Posted the: 2012-11-21 Numac: 2012015172 FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE Foreign Affairs, trade outside and COOPERATION to development 3 August 2012. -Law concerning consent to the Convention on Cybercrime, made in Budapest on 23 November 2001 (1) (2) (3) ALBERT II, King of the Belgians, to all, present and future, hi.
The Chambers have adopted and we endorse the following: Article 1.
This Act regulates a matter referred to in article 77 of the Constitution.
S. 2. the Convention on Cybercrime, made in Budapest on 23 November 2001, will release its full and complete effect.
Promulgate this Act, order that it self under the seal of the State and published by le Moniteur.
Given at Chateauneuf-de-Grasse, August 3, 2012.
ALBERT by the King: the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, D. REYNDERS the Minister of Justice, Ms. A. TURTELBOOM sealed with the seal of the State: the Minister of Justice, Mrs.
TURTELBOOM _ Note (1) Session 2011-2012.
Senate.
Records bill filed February 22, 2012, no. 5-1497/1.
Report, no. 5-1497/2.
Parliamentary Annals.
Discussion, meeting of May 31, 2012.
Vote, meeting of May 31, 2012.
House of representatives.
Documents.
Draft transmitted by the Senate, no. 53-2226/1.
Report on behalf of the Committee, no. 53-2226/2.
Text adopted in plenary meeting and submitted to the Royal assent, no 53-2226/3.
Parliamentary Annals.
Discussion, meeting of June 14, 2012.
Vote, meeting of June 14, 2012.

CYBERCRIME CONVENTION preamble the Member States of the Council of Europe and the other signatories;
Whereas the aim of the Council of Europe is to achieve greater unity between its members;
Recognizing the interest to intensify cooperation with other States parties to the Convention;
Convinced of the need to carry out, as a priority, a common criminal policy aimed at protecting society from crime in cyberspace, including by the adoption of appropriate legislation and the improvement of international cooperation;
Aware of the profound changes brought about by digitization, convergence and continuing globalization of computer networks;
Concerned about the risk that computer networks and electronic information be used to commit criminal offences and that evidence of such offences are stored and transmitted through these networks.
Recognizing the need for cooperation between States and private industry in combating cybercrime and the need to protect legitimate interests in the use and development of information technologies;
Considering that a good fight against cybercrime requires international cooperation in criminal matters increased, fast and efficient;
Convinced that the present Convention is necessary to prevent acts infringing the confidentiality, integrity and availability of computer systems, networks and data, as well as the misuse of such systems, networks and data, ensuring the criminalisation of such conduct, as described in the Convention, and the adoption of powers sufficient for an effective fight against these criminal offences , in facilitating the detection, investigation and prosecution, both nationally and internationally, and with provisions material for fast and reliable international cooperation;
Bearing in mind the need to ensure an appropriate balance between the interests of the repressive action and respect of the human fundamental rights, as guaranteed in the Convention for the protection of the rights of man and fundamental freedoms of the Council of Europe (1950), the international Covenant on the civil and political rights of the Nations United (1966), as well as in other international conventions on human rights which reaffirms the right to not be concerned for opinions, the right to freedom of expression, including the freedom to seek, obtain and communicate information and ideas of all kinds, regardless of frontiers, as well as the right to respect for private life;
Aware also of the right to the protection of personal data, as specified, for example, by the Convention of 1981 of the Council of Europe for the protection of individuals with regard to automatic processing of personal data;
Whereas the United Nations Convention on the rights of the child (1989) and the Convention of the International Labour Organization on the worst forms of child labour (1999);
Taking into account the existing conventions of the Council of Europe on cooperation in criminal matters, as well as other similar treaties between the Member States of the Council of Europe and other States, and stressing that this Convention is intended to supplement them with a view to making them more effective investigations and criminal proceedings relating to criminal offences in connection with systems and computer data and to allow the collection of electronic evidence of a criminal offence;
Welcoming recent initiatives to improve international understanding and cooperation for the purposes of the fight against crime in cyberspace, including actions undertaken by the United Nations, the OECD, the European Union and the G8;
Recalling the recommendations of the Committee of Ministers No. R (85) 10 concerning the practical application of the European Convention on mutual assistance in criminal matters relating to letters rogatory for the interception of telecommunications, no. R (88) 2 on measures to combat piracy in the field of copyright and neighbouring rights, no. R (87) 15 regulating the use of personal data in the police sector , no. R (95) 4 on the protection of the personal data in the field of telecommunications services, in particular telephone services, and no. R (89) 9 on crime in connection with the computer, indicating national legislators guiding principles to define certain computer offences, and no. R (95) 13 concerning problems of criminal procedure related to information technology;
Having regard to Resolution No. 1 adopted by the European Ministers of Justice at their 21st Conference (Prague, 10 and 11 June 1997), which recommends that the Committee of Ministers to support activities relating to cyber-crime carried out by the European Committee on crime problems (CDPC) in order to approximate national criminal legislation and to allow the use of effective investigative computer offences as well as Resolution No. 3, adopted at the 23rd Conference of the European Ministers of Justice (London, 8-9 June 2000), which encourages the parties to the negotiations to continue their efforts to find solutions enabling the largest number of States to become parties to the Convention and which recognizes the need for a rapid and efficient international cooperation mechanism that duly takes account of the specific requirements of the fight against cybercrime.
Taking also into account the action plan adopted by the heads of State and Government of the Council of Europe at their 2nd Summit (Strasbourg, 10-11 October 1997) in order to find some common responses to the development of new information technologies, based on the norms and values of the Council of Europe, have agreed to the following : Chapter I.
-Terminology Article 1. -Definitions for the purposes of this Convention, a. the expression "computer system" means any device or set of interconnected or related devices, which ensures that in execution of a program, one or more elements provide automated processing of data;
b. the term "computer data" means any representation of facts, information or concepts in a form that lends itself to electronic data processing, including a program suitable to ensure that a computer system to perform a function;
c. the term "service provider" means: i. any public or private entity that provides to users of its services the possibility of communicating by means of a computer system, and ii. any other entity processing or storing computer data for this communication service or its users.
d. "traffic data" means all data relating to a communication by a computer system, produced by the latter as part of the chain of communication, indicating the origin, destination, route, time, date, size and duration of the communication or the type of underlying service.
CHAPTER II. -Measures to be taken at the national level Section 1. -Substantive criminal law title 1. -Offences against the confidentiality, integrity and availability of data and systems Article 2. -Illegal access each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to establish as criminal offences under its domestic law, the intentional access without right to any part of a computer system. A party may require that the offence be committed in violation of security measures, with the intention of obtaining computer data or other dishonest intent, or in relation to a computer system connected to another computer system.

Article 3. -Intercept illegal each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to establish as criminal offences under its domestic law, the intentional interception without right, made by technical means, of computer data, when non-public transmissions, destination, coming from or within a computer system, including electromagnetic emissions from a computer system carrying such computer data.
A party may require that the offence be committed in a dishonest intent, or in relation to a computer system connected to another computer system.
Article 4. -Infringement of integrity of data 1. Each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to establish as a criminal offence, in accordance with its internal law, the fact, intentional and without law, damage, delete, damage, alter or delete computer data.
2. a party may reserve the right to require that the conduct described in paragraph 1 result in serious damage.
Article 5 -Infringement of the integrity of the system each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to establish as criminal offences under its domestic law, serious, intentional interference and without right, the functioning of a computer system by the introduction, transmission, damage, deletion, deterioration, alteration or suppression of computer data.
Section 6. -Misuse of devices 1.
Each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to establish as criminal offences under its domestic law, when committed intentionally and without right: a. the production, sale, obtaining for use, import, broadcast, or other forms of provision: i. a device, including a computer program, primarily designed or adapted to enable the commission of any of the offences established in accordance with articles 2 to 5 above;
II. a password, a similar computer data or access code to access all or part of a computer system, with the intention that they be used to commit any of the offences referred to in articles 2 to 5; and (b).
the possession of an item referred to in paragraphs a.i or ii above, with intent that it be used to commit any of the offences referred to in articles 2 to 5. A party may require under law that a number of these elements is detained for criminal liability.
2. This article shall not be interpreted as imposing a criminal liability when the production, sale, obtaining for use, import, broadcast or other forms of disposal mentioned in paragraph 1 of this article have not the aim of committing an offence established in accordance with articles 2 to 5 of this Convention, as in the case of authorised testing or protection of a computer system.
3. each party may reserve the right not to apply paragraph 1 of this article, provided that this reservation does not concern the sale, distribution or any other making available of the items mentioned in paragraph 1er.a.ii of this article.
TITLE 2. -Violations of Article 7 computer. -Computer forgery each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to establish as criminal offences under its domestic law, the introduction, alteration, erasure or suppression intentional and without the right of computer data, resulting in data not authentic, with the intention that they be taken into account or used for legal purposes as if they were authentic, whether or not directly readable and intelligible. A party may require a fraudulent intent or similar dishonest intent so that criminal responsibility is engaged.
Section 8. -Computer-related fraud each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to establish as criminal offences under its domestic law the fact intentional and non patrimonial prejudice to others: a. introduction, alteration, erasure or suppression of computer data;
b. by any form of interference with the functioning of a computer system with intent, fraudulent or dishonest to obtain wrongfully an economic benefit for oneself or for others.
TITLE 3. -Offences relating to Article 9 content. – Offences related to child pornography 1. Each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures as may be necessary to establish as criminal offences under its domestic law, the following conduct when committed intentionally and without right: a. producing child pornography for the purpose of its distribution through a computer system;
b. offering or making available child pornography through a computer system;
c. the dissemination or transmission of child pornography through a computer system;
d. the fact to obtain or provide to others child pornography through a computer system;
e. the possession of child pornography in a computer system or a computer data storage medium.
2. for the purposes of paragraph 1 above, the term "child pornography" includes pornographic material that visually depicts: a. a minor engaged in behavior sexually explicit;
b. a person who appears to be a minor engaged in behavior sexually explicit;
c. realistic images representing a minor engaged in behavior sexually explicit.
3. for the purposes of paragraph 2 above, the term "minor" means any person less than 18 years of age. A party may, however, require a lower age limit, which must be at least 16 years.
4 a party may reserve the right not to apply, in whole or in part, paragraphs 1, subparagraphs (d).
and e, and 2, subparagraphs b and c.
TITLE 4. -Offences against intellectual property and related rights Article 10. -Offences against intellectual property and related rights 1. Each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to establish as criminal offences under its domestic law, intellectual property abuses, defined by the legislation of that party, in accordance with the obligations that it has undertaken pursuant to the Paris Act of 24 July 1971 on revision of the Berne Convention for the protection of literary and artistic works of the agreement on commercial aspects of the rights of intellectual property and the WIPO Treaty on intellectual property, with the exception of straight moral under these conventions, when such acts are committed wilfully, on a commercial scale and by means of a computer system.
2. each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures as may be necessary to establish as criminal offences under its right internal, related rights infringements defined by the legislation of that party, in accordance with the obligations the latter has subscribed for pursuant to the International Convention for the protection of performers, producers of Phonograms and broadcasting organizations (the Rome Convention) the agreement on commercial aspects of the rights of intellectual property and the Treaty of the WIPO performances and Phonograms Treaty, with the exception of all moral rights conferred by these conventions, when such acts are committed wilfully, on a commercial scale and by means of a computer system.
3. a party may, in well defined circumstances, to reserve the right not to impose criminal liability in respect of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article, provided that other effective remedies are available and that such a reservation shall not affect the international obligations incumbent upon this part pursuant to the international instruments referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this article.
TITLE 5. -Other forms of liability and sanctions Article 11. -Attempt and aiding and abetting 1. Each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to establish as criminal offences, in accordance with its domestic law, any complicity when intentionally committed with a view to committing one of the offences established in accordance with articles 2 to 10 of this Convention, with the intention that one such offence be committed.
2. each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to establish as criminal offences under its domestic law, any attempt to intentionally commit any of the offences established in accordance with articles 3 to 5, 7, 8, 9.1.a and c. of this Convention.
3. each party may reserve the right not to apply, in whole or in part, paragraph 2 of this article.
Section 12. -Liability of legal persons 1.
Each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to ensure that legal persons can be held liable for the offences established pursuant to the present

Convention, when they are committed for their benefit by any natural person, acting either individually or as a member of an organ of the legal person, who has a leading position within, founded: a. a power of representation of the legal person;
b. an authority to take decisions on behalf of the legal person;
c. an authority to exercise control within the legal person.
2. in addition the cases already provided for in paragraph 1 of this article, each Party shall adopt measures that may be necessary to ensure that a legal person can be held liable where lack of supervision or control of an individual referred to in paragraph 1 has made possible the commission of the offences established in accordance with the presence Convention on behalf of the Corporation by an individual person acting under its authority.
3. According to the legal principles of the party, the liability of a legal person may be criminal, civil or administrative.
4. this liability is established without prejudice to the criminal liability of individuals having committed the offence.
Article 13. -Sanctions and measures 1. Each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to ensure that the criminal offences established in accordance with articles 2 through 11 are punishable by effective, proportionate and dissuasive sanctions, including deprivation of liberty.
2. each Party shall ensure that legal persons held liable in accordance with article 12 are subject to sanctions or criminal or non-criminal measures effective, proportionate and dissuasive, including monetary penalties.
Section 2. -Procedural law title 1. -Provisions Commons Article 14.
-Scope of application of the measures of the law of procedure 1. Each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to establish the powers and procedures provided in this section for the purposes of investigations or specific criminal procedures.
2. unless provided otherwise in article 21, each Party shall apply the powers and procedures referred to in paragraph 1 of this article: a. the criminal offences established in accordance with articles 2-11 of this Convention;
b. all other criminal offences committed through a computer system; and (c) the collection of electronic evidence of any criminal offence.
3A. Each party may reserve the right to apply the measures referred to in article 20 only to offences or categories of offences specified in the reservation, provided that the range of such offences or categories of offences is not smaller than that of the offences to which it applies the measures referred to in article 21. Each party will consider limiting such a reservation to enable the broadest possible application of the measure referred to in article 20.
b. where a party, due to the restrictions imposed by its legislation in force at the time of the adoption of this Convention, is not able to apply the measures referred to in articles 20 and 21 to communications sent in a computer services provider system: i. that is being implemented for the benefit of a closed user group, and ii. who uses public telecommunication networks and who is not connected to another computer system, whether public or private, that party may reserve the right not to apply these measures to such communications. Each party will consider limiting such a reservation to enable the broadest possible application of the measure referred to in articles 20 and 21.
Section 15. – Conditions and safeguards 1. Each Party shall ensure that the establishment, implementation and application of the powers and procedures provided for in this section are subject to the conditions and safeguards provided for by its internal law, which should provide adequate human and freedoms rights protection, in particular rights established in accordance with the obligations it had assumed under the Convention for the safeguarding of the rights of man and fundamental freedoms of the Council of Europe (1950) and the International Covenant on the civil and political rights of the Nations United (1966), or other applicable international instruments concerning human rights, and which shall incorporate the principle of proportionality.
2. where appropriate, given the nature of the procedure or power concerned, these conditions and safeguards include, among others, court supervision or other forms of independent oversight, of the reasons for the application as well as the limitation of the scope and the duration of power or procedure in question.
3. insofar as this is consistent with the public interest, in particular to the proper administration of justice, each party examines the effect of the powers and procedures in this section on the rights, responsibilities and legitimate interests of third parties.
TITLE 2. -Expedited preservation of stored computer data Article 16. -Expedited preservation of stored computer data 1. Each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to enable its competent authorities to order or to impose another way the expedited preservation of electronic data, including traffic data stored by means of a computer system, including when there are reasons to think that they are particularly liable to loss or modification.
2. when a part made pursuant to paragraph 1 above by means of an injunction ordering a person to retain stored data specified in his possession or under his control, this party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to oblige that person to preserve and protect the integrity of such data for as long as necessary maximum of 90 days, to enable the competent authorities to obtain their disclosure. A party may provide that an injunction be renewed thereafter.
3. each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to oblige the custodian of data or another person to retain them to keep secret on the implementation procedures for the duration provided for by its internal law.
4. the powers and procedures referred to in this article shall be subject to articles 14 and 15.
Article 17. -Conservation and rapid partial disclosure of data relating to traffic 1. In order to ensure the conservation of data relating to traffic, in application of article 16, each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which prove necessary: a. to ensure the expedited preservation of traffic data, that one or more service providers were involved in the transmission of that communication; and b. to ensure early disclosure to the competent authority of the party, or a person designated by that authority, of a sufficient quantity of data relating to traffic to allow identification by the part of the suppliers of services and the path through which the communication was transmitted.
2. the powers and procedures referred to in this article shall be subject to articles 14 and 15.
TITLE 3. -Article 18 subpoena. -Injunction to produce 1. Each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to empower its competent authorities to order: a. to a person in its territory to communicate computer data specified, in his possession or under his control, which is stored in a computer system or a computer-data storage medium; and b. a service provider offering services on the territory of the party, to communicate data in his possession or under his control relating to subscribers concerning such services.
2. the powers and procedures referred to in this article shall be subject to articles 14 and 15.
3. for the purposes of this section, the expression 'subscriber data' means any information, in the form of computer data or any other form, held by a service provider relating to subscribers of its services other than traffic or content data, and to establish: a. the type of communication service used, the technical provisions taken in this regard and the period of service;
b. identity, postal or geographic address and the telephone number of the Subscriber, and any other access number, data concerning the billing and payment, available on the basis of a contract or arrangement of services;
c. any other information related to the whereabouts of the equipment, available on the basis of a contract or arrangement of services.
TITLE 4. -Search and seizure of stored computer data Article 19. -Search and seizure of stored computer data 1. Each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to empower its competent authorities to search or similarly access: a. to a computer system or part of it as well as computer data stored. and b. a computer storage medium for storing computer data

on its territory.
2. each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to ensure that where its authorities search or access in a manner similar to a specific computer system or part of it, pursuant to paragraph 1er.a, and have reason to believe that sought data is stored in another computer system or part thereof located in its territory , and such data is lawfully accessible from the initial system or available to the initial system, the authorities should be able to quickly expand the search or access in a manner similar to the other system.
3. each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to empower its competent authorities to seize or to obtain similar data for access made pursuant to paragraphs 1 or 2. These measures include the following prerogatives: a. seize or similarly secure a computer system or part of it, or a computer-data storage medium;
b. make and retain a copy of those computer data;
c. protect the integrity of the relevant stored computer data;
d. render inaccessible or remove those computer data in the accessed computer system.
4 each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to empower its competent authorities to order any person familiar with the operation of the computer system or measures applied to protect the computer data therein to provide all information reasonably necessary to enable the implementation of the measures referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2.
5. the powers and procedures referred to in this article shall be subject to articles 14 and 15.
TITLE 5. -Computer data Article 20 real-time collection. -Gathering real-time data relating to traffic 1. Each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to empower its competent authorities: a. to collect or record through the application of technical means on its territory, and b. compel a service provider, within its existing technical capacity: i. to collect or record through the application of technical means on its territory , or (ii).
to lend to the competent authorities its support and assistance to collect or record traffic data associated with specified communications transmitted in its territory by means of a computer system in real time.
2. where a party, due to the established principles of its domestic legal system, cannot adopt the measures referred to in paragraph 1.a, it may instead, adopt the legislative and other measures which prove necessary to ensure the collection or the real-time recording of traffic data associated with specified communications transmitted in its territory through the application of technical means on that territory.
3. each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to oblige a service provider to keep secret the fact that one any powers conferred in this article has been run and any information on this subject.
4. the powers and procedures referred to in this article shall be subject to articles 14 and 15.
Section 21. -Interception of data relating to content 1. Each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to empower its competent authorities with regard to a range of serious offences to be defined in domestic law: a. collect or record through the application of technical means exist on its territory, and b. compel a service provider, within its technical capacity: i. to collect or record through the application of technical means on its territory , or (ii). to lend to the competent authorities its support and assistance to collect or record data on the content of specified communications in its territory, in real time, communicated through a computer system.
2. where a party, because the principles established in its domestic legal system, cannot adopt the measures referred to in paragraph 1.a, it may instead adopt legislative and other measures which prove necessary to ensure the collection or the real-time recording of data relating to the content of specified communications transmitted in its territory through the application of technical means on that territory.
3. each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to oblige a service provider to keep secret the fact that one any powers conferred in this article has been executed, as well as any information about it.
4. the powers and procedures referred to in this article shall be subject to articles 14 and 15.
Section 3. -Jurisdiction Article 22. -Jurisdiction 1. Each Party shall adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to establish its jurisdiction over any offence established in accordance with articles 2-11 of this Convention, when the offence is committed: a. in its territory; or b. on board a ship flying the flag of that party; or c. on board an aircraft registered under the laws of that party; or (d).
by one of its nationals, if the offence is criminally punishable where it was committed or if the offence falls within the territorial jurisdiction of any State.
2. each party may reserve the right not to apply or to apply only in specific cases or specific conditions, the rules of jurisdiction set out in paragraphs 1er.b to 1er.d of this article or in a any part of these paragraphs.
3. each Party shall adopt such measures that may be necessary to establish its jurisdiction over any offence referred to in article 24, paragraph 1, of the present Convention, when the alleged perpetrator of the offence is present on its territory and may be extradited to another party to the only title of his nationality, after a request for extradition.
4 this Convention does not exclude any criminal jurisdiction exercised by a party in accordance with its domestic law.
5 when several Parties claim jurisdiction over an offence alleged referred to in this Convention, the Parties concerned shall cooperate, where appropriate, to determining the most appropriate prosecution.
CHAPTER III. -Cooperation international Section 1st. -General principles title 1. -General principles relating to international co-operation Article 23. -General principles relating to international co-operation the Parties shall cooperate with each other, in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, in application of the relevant international instruments on international co-operation in criminal matters, arrangements based on uniform or reciprocal legislation and their national laws, to the widest extent possible, for the purposes of investigations or proceedings concerning criminal offences related to systems and computer data to gather evidence , in electronic form of a criminal offence.
TITLE 2. -Principles relating to extradition Article 24. – Extradition 1. a. This section applies to extradition between Parties for the criminal offences defined in accordance with articles 2 through 11 of this Convention, provided that they are punishable in the laws of both Parties concerned by deprivation of liberty for a period of at least one year, or by a more severe penalty.
(b) where it is required a minimum different sentence, on the basis of an extradition treaty as applicable between two or more parties, including the European Convention for extradition (ETS No. 24), or of an arrangement based on uniform legislation or reciprocal, the minimum penalty provided for by this Treaty or this arrangement applies.
2. the criminal offences described in paragraph 1 of this article shall be considered as included as extradition offences in any Treaty on extradition between or among the Parties. The Parties undertake to include such offences as extradition offences in any extradition treaty can be concluded between or among them.
3. when a part conditioning extradition on the existence of a treaty and receives a request for extradition from another party with which it has not concluded extradition treaty, it may consider this Convention as a legal basis for extradition with regard to any criminal offence referred to in paragraph 1 of this article.
4. Parties affecting not extradition to the existence of a treaty shall recognise the criminal offences mentioned in paragraph 1 of this article as between themselves offences at extradition.
5. extradition is subject to the conditions laid down by the domestic law of the requested Party or by applicable extradition treaties, including the grounds on which the requested Party may refuse extradition.
6. If extradition for a criminal offence referred to in paragraph 1 of this article is refused solely

on the basis of the nationality of the person sought or because the requested Party considers itself responsible for the offence, the requested Party shall submit the case at the request of the requesting party to its competent authorities for the purpose of prosecution, and will report, in due time, the outcome of the case to the requesting party. The authorities in question shall take their decision and will lead the investigation and the procedure in the same way as for any other offence of a comparable nature under the law of that party.
7A. Each Party shall communicate to the Secretary general of the Council of Europe, at the time of signature or of the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, the name and address of each authority responsible for sending or receipt of an application for extradition or provisional arrest in the absence of a treaty.
b. the Secretary general of the Council of Europe establishes and maintains a register of authorities so designated by the Parties. Each Party shall ensure at all times the accuracy of the data contained in the register.
TITLE 3. -General principles relating to mutual assistance Article 25. -General principles relating to mutual assistance 1.
The Parties agree the widest possible assistance for the purposes of investigations or proceedings concerning criminal offences related to systems and computer data, or to collect evidence in electronic form of a criminal offence.
2. each Party shall also adopt such legislative and other measures which may be necessary to fulfil the obligations set out in articles 27 to 35.
3. each party may, in urgent circumstances, make a request for mutual assistance or communications related thereto by expedited means of communication, including fax or e-mail, provided that such means provide appropriate levels of security and authentication (including, if necessary, encryption), with formal confirmation to follow, where required by the requested Party. The requested State accepts the request and respond by any such expedited means of communication.
4. unless otherwise specifically provided in articles in this chapter, mutual assistance shall be subject to the conditions laid down by the domestic law of the requested Party or by applicable mutual assistance treaties, including the grounds on which the requested Party may refuse co-operation. The requested party must not exercise his right to refuse mutual assistance concerning the offences referred to in articles 2 to 11 on the sole ground that the request is an offence considers as of a fiscal nature.
5. where, in accordance with the provisions of this chapter, the requested Party is permitted to make mutual assistance to the existence of dual criminality, that condition shall be deemed satisfied if the conduct constituting the offence, for which mutual support is required, is classified as criminal offences under its domestic law, law class regardless of whether the offence within the same category of offences or whether or not it is referred to by the same terminology as the law of the requesting party.
Section 26. -Spontaneous information 1.
A party may, within the limits of its domestic law and in the absence of prior request, communicate to another part of the information obtained in the course of its own investigations when it considers that it might help the receiving party to incur or conduct of investigations or proceedings concerning criminal offences established in accordance with this Convention , or when such information could lead to a request for co-operation by that party under this chapter.
2. prior to communicate such information, the party providing may request that they remain confidential or that they are used only under certain conditions. If the receiving party cannot accede to this request, it must inform the other party, which shall then determine whether the information should nevertheless be provided. If the receiving party accepts the information in the prescribed conditions, it will be bound by them.
TITLE 4. -Procedures relating to requests for assistance in the absence of applicable international agreements Article 27. -Procedures relating to requests for assistance in the absence of applicable international agreements 1.
In the absence of Treaty of mutual assistance or arrangement based on uniform or reciprocal legislation in force between the requesting party and the requested Party, the provisions of paragraphs 2 to 9 of this article shall apply. They do not apply where a treaty, arrangement or legislation of this type exist, unless the Parties concerned agree to apply all or part of the remainder of this article instead.
2A. Each Party shall designate one or more central authorities to send requests for assistance respond, execute them or to transmit them to the competent authorities for their execution;
b. the central authorities communicate directly with each other;
c. each Party shall, at the time of signature or of the deposit of its instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, communicated to the Secretary-General of the Council of Europe the names and addresses of the authorities designated in accordance with this paragraph;
d. the Secretary general of the Council of Europe establishes and maintains a register of central authorities designated by the Parties. Each Party shall at all times to the accuracy of the data contained in the register.
3. Requests for assistance under this article are performed in accordance with the procedure specified by the applicant, except where it is inconsistent with the law of the requested Party.
4. in addition to the conditions or grounds for refusal provided for in article 25, paragraph 4, mutual assistance may be refused by the requested party: a. If the request concerns an offence which the requested Party considers as being political or related to an offence of a political nature; or b. If the requested Party considers that acceding to the request would impair its sovereignty, security, public order or other essential interests.
5. the requested Party may postpone the execution of the request if this could prejudice investigations or proceedings conducted by its authorities.
6. in prior to refuse or defer its cooperation, the requested Party shall examine after appropriate consultation with the requesting party, if it can be done right at the request partially or subject to such conditions as it considers necessary.
7. the requested Party shall promptly inform the requesting Party of the suite that it intends to give to the request for assistance. It must give reasons for its possible refusal to right or the adjournment of the application possible.
The requested Party shall also inform the requesting Party of any ground making execution of mutual assistance impossible or is likely to delay it significantly.
8. the requesting party may request that the requested party confidential care does and the subject of a request under the present chapter, except to the extent necessary for the execution of the request. If the requested Party cannot accede to this request for confidentiality, it shall promptly inform the requesting party, which shall then determine whether the request should nevertheless be executed.
9A. In an emergency, the judicial authorities of the requesting party may apply directly to their counterparts of the requested Party the requests for mutual assistance or communications related. In such a case, copy is sent simultaneously to the central authorities of the requested Party through the central authority of the requesting party.
b. any request or communication made under this paragraph may be made through the international criminal police organization (Interpol).
c. where a request has been made pursuant to paragraph a. of this article and when the authority is not competent to deal with it, it shall forward it to the competent national authority and inform directly the requesting party.
d. requests or communications made pursuant to this paragraph that do involve coercive measure may be directly transmitted by the competent authorities of the requesting party to the competent authorities of the requested Party.
e. each party may inform the Secretary-General of the Council of Europe, at the time of signature or of the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, that, for reasons of efficiency, requests made under this paragraph should be addressed to its central authority.
Section 28. -Confidentiality and restriction of use 1. In the absence of Treaty of mutual assistance or arrangement based on uniform or reciprocal legislation in force between the requesting party and the requested Party, the provisions of this article shall apply.
They do not apply where a treaty, arrangement or legislation of this type exist, unless the Parties concerned decide to apply all or part of this article instead.
2. the requested Party may make the communication of information or material in response to a request: a. on the condition that they remain confidential where the request for assistance could be met in the absence of this condition; or b. on the condition that they are not used for investigations or proceedings other than those stated in the request.
3. If the part

applicant cannot meet one of the conditions set out in paragraph 2, it shall notify promptly the requested Party, which then determines whether the information should nevertheless be provided. If the requesting party accepts this condition, it will be bound by it.
4 any party that supplies information or material subject to one of the conditions set out in paragraph 2 may require the other party it shall communicate details in relation to this condition, as to the use made of such information or equipment.
Section 2. -Specific provisions title 1.
-Mutual assistance regarding provisional measures Article 29. -Expedited preservation of stored computer data 1. A party may request another party to order or otherwise impose the expedited preservation of data stored by means of a computer system located in the territory of that other party and in respect of which the requesting party intends to submit a request for mutual assistance for the search or similarly access, of the seizure or the obtaining by a similar way , or disclosure of such data.
2. a request for preservation made under paragraph 1 shall specify: a. the authority seeking the preservation;
b. the offence forming the subject of the investigation or criminal proceedings and a brief summary of the facts relating thereto;
c. the computer data to keep and the nature of their relationship with the offence;
d. any available information identifying the custodian of the stored computer data or the location of the computer system;
e. the need for conservation measure; and f. the fact that the party intends to submit a request for mutual assistance for the search or access by a similar means of entering or obtaining by similar means, or disclosure of the stored computer data.
3. after receiving the request from another party, the requested Party shall take all appropriate measures in order to proceed without delay to the conservation of the specified data, in accordance with its domestic law.
In order to respond to such a request, double criminality is not required as a prerequisite to conservation.
4 a party that requires dual criminality as a condition for responding to a request for mutual assistance for the search or similar access, the seizure or similar means obtaining or disclosure of stored data may, for offences other than those established in accordance with articles 2 through 11 of this Convention, reserve the right to refuse the request for preservation to the title of this article where it has reason to believe that , at disclosure the condition of dual criminality cannot be completed.
5. in addition, a request for preservation may be refused only: a. If the request concerns an offence which the requested Party considers as being political or related to an offence of a political nature; or b. If the requested Party considers that acceding to the request would impair its sovereignty, security, public order or other essential interests.
6. where the requested Party considers that simple conservation alone will not ensure the future availability of the data, or compromise the confidentiality of the investigation of the applicant, or harm otherwise it, it shall promptly inform the requesting party, which then decides whether nevertheless to execute the request.
7. any preservation effected in response to a request referred to in paragraph 1 shall be valid for a period of at least sixty days in order to enable the requesting party to submit a request for the search or access by a similar means of entering or obtaining by similar means, or disclosure of data. After receipt of such a request, the data should continue to be kept pending the adoption of a decision on the request.
Article 30. -Rapid disclosure of retained data 1. When, by running a request for preservation of data traffic on a specific communication made pursuant to article 29, the requested party discovers that a service provider in another State was involved in the transmission of this communication, the requested party disclose promptly to the requesting party a sufficient amount of data traffic, in order to identify that service provider and the path through which the communication was transmitted.
2. the disclosure of data relating to the traffic in application of paragraph 1 may be refused only: a. If the request concerns an offence which the requested Party considers as being political or related to an offence of a political nature;
or b. If it considers that the fact to accede to the request would impair its sovereignty, security, public order or other essential interests.
TITLE 2.
-Mutual assistance regarding investigative Article 31 powers. -Mutual assistance concerning access to stored data 1. A party may request another party to search or access similar, grasp or get similarly to disclose data stored by means of a computer system located within the territory of that other party, including the data retained in accordance with article 29.
2. the requested Party meets demand by applying international instruments, arrangements and laws referred to in article 23, and in accordance with the relevant provisions of this chapter.
3. the application must be satisfied as soon as possible in the following cases: a. There are reasons to believe that relevant data is particularly sensitive to the risk of loss or modification; or (b).
the instruments, arrangements and laws referred to in paragraph 2 provide for rapid cooperation.
Section 32. -Cross-border access to stored data, with consent or where publicly available a party may, without the authorisation of another party: a. access publicly available (open source) stored computer data, regardless of the geographic location of these data; or (b) access to, or receive by means of a computer system located within its territory, stored computer data located in another State, if the party obtains consent legal and voluntary of the person legally authorized to disclose these data through the computer system.
Section 33. -Mutual assistance in gathering real-time data relating to traffic 1. The Parties shall grant mutual assistance in collecting real-time traffic data associated with specified on their territory communications transmitted by means of a computer system. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2, such assistance is governed by the conditions and the procedures laid down in national law.
2. each Party shall provide such assistance at least with respect to criminal offences for which collecting real-time traffic data would be available in a similar domestic case.
Section 34. -Mutual assistance regarding the interception of content data the Parties agree mutual assistance, to the extent permitted by their treaties and domestic laws applicable to the collection, or the real-time recording of data relating to the contents of specified communications transmitted by means of a computer system.
TITLE 3. -Network 24/7 Article 35. -24/7 network 1. Each Party shall designate a point of contact available 24 hours on 24, 7 days a week, to ensure immediate assistance for investigations concerning criminal offences related to systems and computer data, or to collect evidence in electronic form of a criminal offence. Such assistance shall include facilitating, or, if domestic law and practice permit, direct application of the following measures: a. contribution of technical advice;
b. data retention, in accordance with articles 29 and 30;
collection of evidence, provision of legal information, and locating of suspects.
2A. The point of contact of a part will have the means to match with the point of contact of another party under an expedited procedure.
b. If the point of contact designated by a party is not of the authority or authorities of that party responsible for international mutual assistance or extradition, the point of contact will be able to act in coordination with the authorities, under an expedited procedure.
3. each Party shall ensure to have trained and equipped personnel to facilitate the operation of the network.
CHAPTER IV. -Clauses Article 36 finals.
-Signature and entry into force 1. This Convention is open for signature by the Member States of the Council of Europe and non-Member States which have participated in its elaboration.
2. the present Convention is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval. The instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval are deposited with the Secretary general of the Council of Europe.
3. this Convention shall enter into force the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of three months after the date on which five States, including at least three Member States of the Council of Europe, have expressed their consent to be bound by the Convention in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2.

4. for any signatory State which subsequently expresses its consent to be bound by the Convention, it shall enter into force the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of three months after the date of the expression of its consent to be bound by the Convention in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2.
Section 37. -Accession to the Convention 1. After the entry into force of this Convention, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe may, after consultation with the Contracting States to the Convention and obtaining the unanimous consent, invite any State not a member of the Council, did not participate in its elaboration to accede to this Convention. The decision is taken by the majority provided for in article 20.d of the Statute of the Council of Europe and by unanimity of the representatives of the Contracting States entitled to sit on the Committee of Ministers.
2. for any State acceding to the Convention, in accordance with paragraph 1 above, the Convention will enter into force on the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of three months after the date of deposit of the instrument of accession with the Secretary general of the Council of Europe.
Section 38. -Territorial application 1.
Any State may, at the time of signature or when depositing its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, designate any territories to which apply this Convention.
2 any State may, at any time, by declaration addressed to the Secretary general of the Council of Europe, extend the application of this Convention to any other territory specified in the declaration. The Convention will enter into force with respect to that territory the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of three months after the date of receipt of the declaration by the Secretary general.
3. any declaration made under the two preceding paragraphs may be withdrawn, in respect of any territory specified in the declaration, by notification addressed to the Secretary general of the Council of Europe. The withdrawal shall take effect on the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of three months after the date of receipt of the notification by the Secretary-General.
Section 39. – Effects of the Convention 1. The purpose of this Convention is to supplement the treaties or multilateral or bilateral agreements applicable between the Parties, including the provisions:-of the European Convention on extradition, opened for signature on 13 December 1957 (ETS No. 24) Paris;
-of the European Convention on mutual assistance in criminal matters, opened for signature on 20 April 1959, in Strasbourg (ETS No. 30);
-of the additional protocol to the European Convention on mutual assistance in criminal matters, opened for signature on 17 March 1978, in Strasbourg (ETS No. 99).
2. If two or more Parties have already concluded an agreement or Treaty on the matters dealt with in this Convention, or if they otherwise established their relations on such matters, or if they will do in the future, they also have the right to apply that agreement or treaty or to establish relationships accordingly, instead of the present Convention. However, where Parties establish their relations relating to matters covered by the Convention in a different way than is expected, they will do so in a manner that is not inconsistent with the objectives and principles of the Convention.
3. nothing in this Convention does not affect other rights, restrictions, obligations and responsibilities of a party.
Article 40. -Statements by written declaration addressed to the Secretary general of the Council of Europe, any State may, at the time of signature or of the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, declare that it avails itself of the faculty to require, where appropriate, one or more additional elements as provided for in articles 2, 3, 6, paragraph 1er.b, 7, 9, paragraph 3 , and 27, paragraph 9.e. Article 41.
-Federal clause 1. A federal State may reserve the right to honour the obligations contained in chapter II of this Convention insofar as they are compatible with the fundamental principles which govern the relationship between its central Government and constituent or other States territorial similar entities, provided that it is able to cooperate on the basis of chapter III.
2. when it's a reservation provided for in paragraph 1, a federal State cannot make use of the terms of such reservation to exclude or substantially diminish its obligations under Chapter II. In any case, it develops widespread and effective means for the implementation of the measures laid down in that chapter.
3. as regards the provisions of this Convention whose application falls within the legislative competence of each of the constituent States or other similar territorial entities, which are not, under the constitutional system of the federation, bound to take legislative measures, the federal Government, with its favourable opinion, these provisions to the attention of the competent authorities of the constituent States , encouraging them to adopt appropriate measures to implement them.
Section 42.
-Reservations by a written notification addressed to the Secretary general of the Council of Europe, any State may, at the time of signature or of the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, declare that it avails itself of the reservations provided for in article 4, paragraph 2, article 6, paragraph 3, article 9, paragraph 4, article 10, paragraph 3 , in article 11, paragraph 3, article 14, paragraph 3, article 22, paragraph 2, article 29, paragraph 4, and article 41, paragraph 1. No other reservation may be made.
Section 43. -Status and withdrawal of reservations 1. A party which has made a reservation in accordance with article 42 may withdraw it in whole or in part by notification addressed to the Secretary general of the Council of Europe. This withdrawal shall take effect on the date of receipt of the notification by the Secretary-General.
If the notification indicates that the withdrawal of a reservation must take effect on a specific date, and if that date is later than that on which the Secretary-General receives notification, the withdrawal takes effect at this later date.
2. a party which has made a reservation as referred to in article 42 withdrew this reservation, in whole or in part, as soon as circumstances permit.
3. the Secretary-General of the Council of Europe may periodically enquire with Parties that have made one or more reservations like those mentioned in article 42 of the information on the prospects for their withdrawal.
Section 44. -Amendments 1. Amendments to this Convention may be proposed by each party, and shall be communicated by the Secretary general of the Council of Europe to the Member States of the Council of Europe, to the non-Member States having participated in the elaboration of this Convention, as well as to any State acceded or has been invited to accede, in accordance with the provisions of article 37.
2. any amendment proposed by a party shall be communicated to the European Committee on crime problems (CDPC), which shall submit to the Committee of Ministers its opinion on the amendment.
3. the Committee of Ministers shall consider the proposed amendment and the opinion submitted by the CDPC and, following consultation with States non-parties to this Convention, may adopt the amendment.
4. the text of any amendment adopted by the Committee of Ministers in accordance with paragraph 3 of this article shall be communicated to the Parties for acceptance.
5. any amendment adopted in accordance with paragraph 3 of this article will become effective the thirtieth day after all Parties have informed the Secretary general of their acceptance.
Section 45. -Settlement of disputes 1. The European Committee on crime problems of the Council of Europe (CDPC) shall be kept informed of the interpretation and the application of this Convention.
2. in the event of a dispute between the Parties on the interpretation or application of this Convention, the Parties shall endeavour to reach a settlement of the dispute by negotiation or by any other peaceful means of their choice, including submission of the dispute to the CDPC, to an arbitral tribunal which shall take decisions which will bind the Parties to the dispute, or to the International Court of justice According to an agreement between the Parties concerned.
Section 46. -Consultation of Parties 1. Parties shall consult periodically, if necessary, in order to facilitate: a. the use and implementation of this Convention, including the identification of any problems in this area, as well as the effects of any declaration or reservation made under this Convention;
b. the exchange of information on new legal, political or important techniques in the field of computer-related crime and the collection of evidence in electronic form;
c. review of the possibility to supplement or amend the Convention.
2. the European Committee on crime problems (CDPC) is held periodically informed of the outcome of the consultations referred to in paragraph 1.
3. the CDPC, where necessary, facilitate the consultations referred to in paragraph 1 and shall adopt the necessary measures to assist the Parties in their efforts to supplement or amend the Convention. At the latest to

the outcome of a period of three years from the entry into force of this Convention, the CDPC will conduct a review of all of the provisions of the Convention in cooperation with the Parties, and, if necessary, propose appropriate amendments.
4. except when the Council of Europe supports, the costs occasioned by the application of the provisions of paragraph 1 shall be borne by the Parties in the manner which they shall determine.
5. the Parties shall be assisted by the Secretariat of the Council of Europe in the exercise of their functions pursuant to this article.
Section 47. -Denunciation 1. Any party may, at any time, denounce this Convention by notification to the Secretary-General of the Council of Europe.
2. the denunciation shall take effect on the first day of the month following the expiration of a period of three months after the date of receipt of the notification by the Secretary-General.
Section 48. – Notification the Secretary general of the Council of Europe shall notify the Member States of the Council of Europe, to the non-Member States having participated in the elaboration of this Convention, as well as to any State acceded or has been invited to accede: has. any signature;
b. the deposit of any instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession;
c. any date of entry into force of this Convention in accordance with articles 36 and 37;
d. any declaration made in application of article 40 or any reservation made under article 42;
e. any other Act, notification or communication relating to this Convention.
In witness whereof the undersigned, being duly authorized thereto, have signed the present Convention.
Done at Budapest, 23 November 2001, in french and English, both texts being equally authentic, in a single copy which shall be deposited in the archives of the Council of Europe. The Secretary general of the Council of Europe in shall communicate certified copies to each of the Member States of the Council of Europe, to non-Member States which participated in the drafting of the Convention and to any State invited to accede.

Kingdom of Belgium RESERVES in accordance with article 22 of the Convention, the Belgian Government reserves the right not to apply article 22.1(c) of the Convention if the following specific condition is carried out: article 36 of the regulation of the air navigation Act of June 27, 1937 considered as committed in Belgium offences committed on board a Belgian aircraft in vols. in accordance with article 42 of the Convention the Belgium reserves the right to apply article 22.1(d) of the Convention only to the Belgian who is guilty of a criminal offence outside the territory of the Kingdom, when it is referred to as crime or offence under Belgian law and the fact is punishable under the law of the country where it was committed and that its author is found in Belgium. The Belgium reserves the right to not prosecute, if the victim of the offence is foreign, that in the case of prior complaint it, his family, or an official notice of the foreign authority of the place of the offence.

Kingdom of Belgium Declarations in accordance with article 2 of the Convention, the Belgian Government said incriminating behaviour provided for in article 2, regarding "internal hacking" provided for in article 550bis, § 2 of the penal Code, that when these behaviors are committed with intent to defraud or deliberately harm.
In accordance with article 7 of the Convention, the Belgian Government said incriminating behaviour provided for in article 7 when they are committed with intent to defraud or deliberately harm.
In accordance with article 24.7.a of the Convention, the Belgian Government declares that the authority responsible for the sending or the receipt of a request for extradition or provisional arrest in the absence of a treaty, is the federal public Service Justice, Department of international cooperation in criminal matters, boulevard of Waterloo 115, 1000 Brussels, fax: + 32 (0) 2 210 57 98 (until end 2012).
In accordance with article 27(2) of the Convention, the Belgian Government declares that the authority to send requests for assistance or to answer, execute them or to transmit them to the authorities competent for their execution is federal public Service Justice, Department of international cooperation in criminal matters, boulevard of Waterloo 115, 1000 Brussels, fax: + 32 (0) 2 210 57 98 (until end 2012).
In accordance with article 35 of the Convention, the Belgian Government refers to as a point of contact 24/7 the following service: Federal Judicial Police Directorate for Combating Economic and Financial Crime Federal Computer Crime Unit (FCCU) Tel: + 32-2-743-73-84 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
+ 32-2-743-74-74 (Secretariat) Monitored during work hours.
Fax: + 32-2-733-56-16 Must phone prior to sending a fax.
E-mail: Permanence@fccu.be 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (Must phone prior to sending an e-mail).

Convention on Cybercrime, made in Budapest on 23 November 2001 EtatsDate authentificationType of consentementDate Consentemententree local force Africa of 2001indetermine-11-SUD23 ALBANIE23/11/2001Ratification20/06/200201/07/2004 ALLEMAGNE23/11/2001Ratification09/03/200901/07/2009 ARMENIE23/11/2001Ratification12/10/200601/02/2007 AUTRICHE23/11/2001Ratification13/06/201201/10/2012 AZERBAIDJAN30/06/2008Ratification15/03/201001/07/2010 BELGIQUE23/11/2001Ratification20/08/201201/12/2012 Bosnia-HERZEGOVINE09/02/2005Ratification19/05/200601/09/2006 BULGARIE23/11/2001Ratification07/04/200501/08/2005 CANADA23. 11/2001indetermine CHYPRE23/11/2001Ratification19/01/200501/05/2005 CROATIE23/11/2001Ratification17/10/200201/07/2004 DANEMARK22/04/2003Ratification21/06/200501/10/2005 ESPAGNE23/11/2001Ratification03/06/201001/10/2010 ESTONIE23/11/2001Ratification12/05/200301/07/2004 States-UNIS23/11/2001Ratification29/09/200601/01/2007 FINLANDE23/11/2001Ratification24/05/200701/09/2007 FRANCE23/11/2001Ratification10/01/200601/05/2006 GRECE23/11/2001indetermine GEORGIE01/04/2008Ratification06/06/201201/10/2012 HONGRIE23/11/2001Ratification04/12/200301/07/2004 ireland28/02/2002indetermine ISLANDE30/11 /. 2001Ratification29/01/200701/05/2007 LIECHTENSTEIN17/11/2008indetermine italy23/11/2001Ratification05/06/200801/10/2008 JAPON23/11/2001Ratification03/07/201201/11/2012 LETTONIE05/05/2004Ratification14/02/200701/06/2007