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Posted the: 2014-07-14 Numac: 2014015137 SERVICE PUBLIC FEDERAL Foreign Affairs, external trade and development COOPERATION May 22, 2014. -Law concerning consent to the Treaty on the arms trade, done at New York on 2 April 2013 (1) (2) PHILIPPE, King of the Belgians, to all, present and future, hi.
The Chambers have adopted and we endorse the following: Article 1. This Act regulates a matter referred to in article 77 of the Constitution.
S. 2. the Treaty on the arms trade, done in New York on 2 April 2013, will come out full and complete effect.
Promulgate this Act, order that it be under the seal of the State and published by le Moniteur.
Given in Brussels on May 22, 2014.
PHILIPPE by the King: the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, D. REYNDERS the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of economy, J. VANDE LANOTTE seen and sealed with the seal of the State: the Minister of Justice, Ms. A. TURTELBOOM _ Notes (1) Senate (www.senate.be): Documents: 5-2520 - annals of the Senate: 27/03/2014.
House of representatives (www.lachambre.be): Documents: 53-3506 - full report: 2014-04-23.
(2) see the Decree of the Flemish Region's April 25, 2014 (Belgian monitor of?), the Decree of the Walloon Region from November 28, 2013 (Moniteur belge of 5 December 2013) and order of the Brussels-Capital Region from April 3, 2014 (Moniteur belge of 13 may 2014).
Treaty on the arms trade preamble the States Parties to this Treaty, guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, recalling the Article 26 of the UN Charter, which should facilitate the establishment and maintenance of peace and international security by diverting to arms than the minimum of human and economic resources of the world Stressing the need to prevent and eliminate the illicit trade in conventional weapons and to prevent their diversion to illicit or unauthorized final use, or destined to end unauthorized users, including for the purposes of the commission of terrorist acts, recognizing States to the legitimate interests of political, security, economic and commercial international trade in conventional arms Reaffirming the sovereign right of any State to regulate and control conventional weapons exclusively within its territory under his own legal or constitutional order, knowing that peace and security, development and human rights are the pillars of the United Nations system and the Foundation of the collective security, and recognizing that the development peace and security, as well as of human rights are interdependent and mutually reinforcing, recalling the guidelines for international transfers of weapons established by the United Nations Disarmament Commission United and adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution 46/36 H of 6 December 1991, taking note of the contribution made by the Programme of action of the United Nations to prevent combat and eradicate the illicit trade in small arms in all its aspects, the Protocol against the manufacturing of and trafficking illicit firearms, their parts and components and ammunition, supplementing the UN Convention against transnational organized crime, and the international Instrument to enable States to proceed with the identification and the timely and reliable tracing illicit small arms and light weapons Acknowledging the security, social, economic and humanitarian consequences of illicit and unregulated trade of conventional arms, knowing that the vast majority of people affected by armed conflict and armed violence are civilians and in particular women and children, also recognizing the difficulties faced by the victims of armed conflict, which is necessary to ensure the support rehabilitation and reintegration social and economic, stressing that no provision of this Treaty prohibits a State to maintain or to take additional effective measures to contribute to the realization of the object and purpose of this Treaty, aware that trade, the possession and the use of certain conventional weapons, including for the purposes of leisure activities, cultural, historic or sporty , are lawful or legal, as this trade, possession and use are authorized or protected by law, recognizing also the role that regional organizations can play in assisting States Parties, if they so request, to implement this Treaty, recognizing that civil society, including non-governmental organizations, and the industrial sector can contribute actively on their own initiative, to promote the object and purpose of this Treaty and contribute to their achievement, whereas the regulation of international trade in conventional arms and the prevention of their diversion should not hinder international cooperation and legal trade of material, equipment and technology for peaceful purposes, stressing that it is desirable to achieve universal adherence to this Treaty Resolved to act in accordance with the following principles: principles - the inherent right of individual or collective self-defence, recognized in all States in article 51 of the Charter of the United Nations;
-The settlement of international disputes by peaceful means, so as to not endanger peace and international security and justice, in accordance with Article 2 (3) of the Charter of the United Nations;
-Forbearance, in their international relations, the recourse to the threat or the use of force, or against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State, or in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations, in accordance with article 2 (4) of the Charter of the United Nations;
-Non-intervention in matters essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any State, in accordance with article 2 (7) of the Charter of the United Nations;
-The obligation to respect and ensure respect international humanitarian law, in accordance, inter alia, to the Geneva Conventions of 1949, and to respect and ensure respect of human rights, in accordance, inter alia, the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of human rights;
-The responsibility of each State to regulate the international trade of conventional arms in compliance with its international obligations, and to prevent the diversion and, first and foremost, to establish and implement a national control plan;
-Respect for the legitimate interest recognized in any State to acquire conventional weapons to exercise its right of self-defence and contribute to peace-keeping operations, and to produce, export, import and transfer of conventional arms;
-The need to implement this Treaty of consistent, objective and non-discriminatory manner;
Agreed to the following: Article 1 object and purpose this Treaty has for object the following:-establish the common highest standards possible for the purpose to regulate or improve the regulation of international trade of conventional arms;
-Prevent and eliminate the illicit trade in conventional weapons and prevent the diversion of such weapons;
in order to:-contribute to the peace, security and stability international and regional;
-Reduce human suffering;
-To promote cooperation, transparency and responsible action of the States Parties in the international trade in conventional arms and thus build confidence between these States.
Article 2 scope 1. This Treaty applies to all conventional weapons falling within the following categories: has) battle tanks;
(b) armoured combat vehicles;
(c) large-calibre artillery systems;
d) combat aircraft;
(e) combat helicopters);
(g) missiles and missile launchers;
h) light weapons and small arms.
2. for the purposes of this Treaty, the activities of international trade include the export, import, transit, transhipment and brokering, hereinafter referred to as 'transfer '.
3. this Treaty shall not apply to the international carriage by any State party or on behalf of conventional weapons intended for its use, provided that they remain its property.
Article 3 ammunition each State party establishes and maintains a system of national control to regulate the export of drawn ammunition, initiated or delivered through conventional arms covered by article 2 (1) of this Treaty and applies the provisions of articles 6 and 7 before allowing the export of these munitions.
Article 4 parts and components each State party establishes and maintains a national control system to regulate the export of parts and components, when the export is done in a form enabling the Assembly of conventional arms covered by article 2 (1) and applies the provisions of articles 6 and 7 before allowing the export of these parts and components.
Article 5 implementation General 1. Each State party applies consistent, objective and non-discriminatory way the provisions of this Treaty in light of the principles enunciated.
2. each State party establishes and maintains a system of national control, including a list of national control, in order to implement the provisions of this Treaty.
3. each State party
is encouraged to apply the provisions of this Treaty to a range as broad as possible of conventional arms. No national definition of one any categories referred to in article 2 (1) (a)) g) will return to descriptions of more limited in scope than those used for the register of conventional arms of the United Nations at the entry into force of this Treaty. With regard to the category covered by article 2 (1) h), national definitions refer to descriptions of more limited in scope than those used for the relevant instruments of the United Nations at the entry into force of this Treaty.
4. each State party under its domestic law, communicates its national control list to the Secretariat that the door to the attention of other States Parties. States Parties are encouraged to make public their list of control.
5. each State party shall take all necessary measures to implement the provisions of this Treaty and designates the competent national authorities to have a regime of effective and transparent national control that aims to regulate the transfers of conventional weapons covered by article 2 (1) or any other well referred to in articles 3 and 4.
6. each State party shall designate one or more national contact points responsible for the exchange of information relating to the implementation of this Treaty. Each State party shall provide to the Secretariat, established pursuant to article 18, any information concerning his or her national contact points and holds this information up-to-date.
Article 6 prohibitions 1.
No State party shall permit the transfer of conventional weapons covered by article 2 (1) or any other property under articles 3 or 4 that would violate its obligations resulting from measures taken by the Security Council of the Organization of the United Nations acting under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, in particular the embargoes on arms.
2 any State party shall permit the transfer of conventional weapons covered by article 2 (1) or any other property under articles 3 or 4 that would violate its international obligations arising from international agreements to which it is a party, in particular those relating to the international transfer or illicit trafficking in conventional arms.
3 any State party shall permit the transfer of conventional weapons covered by article 2 (1) or any other property covered by articles 3 or 4 if it is aware, at the time where leave is sought, that these weapons or property could be used to commit genocide, crimes against humanity, serious violations of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 attacks on civilians or civilian objects and as such protected or other crimes of war as defined by international agreements to which it is party.
Article 7 export and assessing applications to export 1. If the export is not prohibited by article 6, each State party exporter, before authorizing the export of conventional arms covered by article 2 (1) or any other property covered by articles 3 or 4, according to which statement of jurisdiction and in accordance with its national control system, evaluates, objective and non-discriminatory manner taking into account any useful (, including information provided by the importing State in accordance with article 8 (1), if the export of these weapons or property: has) would help or would undermine peace and security;
(b) could be used to: i) commit a serious violation of international humanitarian law or to facilitate the commission;
(ii) commit a serious violation of the international law of human rights or to facilitate the commission;
III) commit a constitutive act of offence under the international conventions and protocols relating to terrorism to which the exporting State is party, or to facilitate the commission; or iv) commit a constitutive act of offence under the international conventions and protocols relating to transnational organized crime to which the exporting State is party, or to facilitate the commission.
((2 the State party exporter is also considering if measures could be taken to mitigate the risks set out in paragraphs a) and b), paragraph 1), including confidence-building measures or programmes developed and adopted jointly by exporting and importing States.
3. If, at the conclusion of this evaluation and reviewing the available risk mitigation measures, the exporting State party considers that there is a major risk of realization of one of the negative consequences provided for in paragraph 1, it does not export.
4. in its assessment, the exporting State party takes into account the risk that conventional weapons referred to in article 2 (1) or goods referred to in articles 3 or 4 can be used to commit serious acts of violence based on gender or serious acts of violence against women and children, or to facilitate the commission.
5. each State party exporter takes measures to make sure that all export licences of conventional weapons covered by article 2 (1) or of goods under articles 3 or 4 are detailed and issued prior to export.
6. each State party exporting communicates the appropriate information concerning the authorisation in question to importing States Parties and to States Parties of transit or transhipment that make the request, in accordance with its domestic law, its practices or its policies.
7. If, after having granted a State exporting Party gets new relevant information, it is encouraged to re-examine its authorization after appropriate consultation with the importing State.
Article 8 import 1.
Each importing party State shall take measures to ensure that useful and relevant information be provided, in accordance with its national legislation, the exporting State party, upon request, to help it carry out its national assessment of export, in accordance with article 7. These measures may include disclosure of end-user or end-use certificates.
2. each State party importer takes steps to regulate, where necessary, imports of conventional weapons covered by article 2 (1), under its jurisdiction. Such measures may include import regimes.
3. each State party importer may, if the country of final destination, request information from the exporting State party regarding any request for authorisation granted or pending.
Article 9 Transit or transhipment. each State party shall take measures to regulate, where necessary and possible, transit or transhipment, under its jurisdiction and its territory of conventional weapons covered by article 2 (1), in accordance with applicable international law.
Article 10 brokerage. each State party shall, under its laws, steps to regulate brokering activities of conventional arms covered by article 2 (1) within its jurisdiction. These measures may include requiring brokers registration or obtaining written authorization prior to the exercise of brokering activities.
Article 11 misuse 1. Each State party which participates in the transfer of conventional weapons referred to in article 2 (1) take measures to prevent their diversion.
2. in the event of the transfer of conventional weapons referred to in article 2 (1), the exporting State party seeks to prevent the diversion of such weapons through national control there will be established in application of article 5 (2), assessing the risk of diversion of exported arms and considering the adoption of risk mitigation measures, such as confidence-building measures or programmes developed and arrested by common agreement between the exporting and importing States. The need for other preventive measures, such as the consideration of the parties participating in export demand for documents, certificates or additional insurance, the prohibition of export or other measures, will be adopted.
3. States Parties of import, transit, transhipment and export shall cooperate and exchange information, in respect of their domestic law, if necessary and possible, to reduce the risk of diversion during the transfer of conventional weapons referred to in article 2 (1).
4. the State party that detects misuse of conventional weapons referred to in article 2 (1) at the time of their transfer shall take the measures required, insofar as its law permits and in respect for international law, to put an end to this misuse. These measures may include alert States Parties potentially affected, to inspect the cargo of conventional weapons referred to in article 2 (1) which have been diverted and measures followed by the initiation of an investigation and punishment of the offence.
5. in order to improve the understanding and the prevention of the diversion of conventional arms referred to in article 2 (1) at the time of their transfer, States Parties are encouraged to exchange relevant information on ways to effectively combat diversion. This information may relate to illicit activities, such as corruption, international traffic circuits, illicit brokering,
sources of illicit supply, methods of concealment and the usual shipping sites, or the destinations used by organized groups engaged in embezzlement.
6. States Parties are encouraged to communicate to other States Parties, through the Secretariat, the measures they have taken to fight against the diversion of conventional arms referred to in article 2 (1).
Article 12 storage of data 1. Each State party shall maintain, in accordance with its laws and its national legislation, national registers of the authorization to export or the actual exports of conventional weapons referred to in article 2 (1).
2. each State party is encouraged to keep records of the conventional weapons referred to in article 2 (1) forwarded its territory as a final destination or allowed to pass or be transhipped in any territory under its jurisdiction.
3. each State party is encouraged to write to these registers the quantity, the value, the model or type, international transfers authorised of conventional weapons covered by article 2 (1), actually transferred conventional arms, information on the State or the exporting States, the State or the importing States, the State or States of transit or transhipment and end-users , as necessary.
4. records are kept for at least ten years.
Article 13 reporting 1.
Within a period of one year from the entry into force of this Treaty in its respect, each State party address to the Secretariat, in accordance with article 22, an initial report on the measures taken to implement the Treaty, including laws national, national control lists and other regulations and internal administrative measures adopted. Each State party shall report to the Secretariat, as appropriate, of any new measures taken to implement this Treaty. The reports are made available and distributed to States Parties by the Secretariat.
2. States Parties are encouraged to report to other States Parties, through the Secretariat, measures that have proved effective in combating the diversion of conventional arms referred to in article 2 (1) at the time of their transfer.
3. each State party to the Secretariat, no later than 31 May, an annual report on the previous calendar year concerning the export and import of conventional arms covered by article 2 (1) authorized or carried out. The reports are made available and distributed to States Parties by the Secretariat. The report submitted to the Secretariat may contain the same information as those provided by the State party in the context of other relevant features of the United Nations, including the registry of Nations United on conventional weapons.
Any sensitive commercial information or related to national security may be excluded from reports.
Article 14 Execution of Treaty each State party shall adopt the necessary measures to enforce the national laws and regulations implementing the provisions of this Treaty.
Article 15 International Cooperation 1. States Parties shall cooperate among themselves, consistent with their respective security interests and their national legislation, for the purposes of the effective implementation of this Treaty.
2. States Parties are encouraged to facilitate international cooperation, including by exchanging information on matters of mutual interest concerning the implementation and enforcement of the provisions of the present Treaty according to their interests on security and their national laws.
3. States Parties are encouraged to Exchange on issues of mutual interest and to share information, as appropriate, to support the implementation of this Treaty.
4. States Parties are encouraged to cooperate, under their national legislation, to promote the national implementation of the provisions of this Treaty, including by exchanging information regarding activities and illicit actors and to prevent and eliminate the diversion of conventional arms referred to in article 2 (1).
5. States Parties to provide, by mutual agreement and in respect of their domestic law, all possible assistance to expedite the investigations, prosecutions and judicial proceedings relating to the violation of national measures adopted pursuant to this Treaty.
6. States Parties are encouraged to take measures at the national level and to cooperate between them to prevent that the transfer of conventional weapons referred to in article 2 (1) is subject to corrupt practices.
7. States Parties are encouraged to exchange information and experience on lessons learned about any aspect of this Treaty.
Article 16 International Assistance 1. For the purposes of implementation of this Treaty, each State party may request a particular legal or legislative assistance, assistance to the strengthening of its institutional capacity, and technical, material or financial assistance. This assistance may include assistance to management of stocks, the conduct of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration, in the development of model laws and the adoption of effective implementation practices. Each State party, which is in a position to do so, provides this assistance on request.
2. each State party shall request, offer or receive assistance, including through the United Nations, international, regional, subregional and national organizations, non-governmental organizations, or on a bilateral basis.
3. a voluntary trust fund is implemented by States Parties to assist States Parties that require international assistance for the implementation of this Treaty. Each State party is encouraged to the Fund.
Article 17 Conference of States Parties 1. The interim Secretariat established pursuant to article 18 shall convene a Conference of States Parties no later than one year after the entry into force of this Treaty and thereafter on the basis of which will be decided by the Conference of States Parties.
2. the Conference of the States Parties adopted its rules of procedure by consensus at its first session.
3. the Conference of States Parties adopts the budget rules for its operation, the rules governing the funding of any subsidiary bodies it may establish as well as financial provisions governing the functioning of the Secretariat. At each regular session, it shall adopt a budget for the financial period until the next ordinary session.
(4. the Conference of the States Parties: a) examines the implementation of this Treaty, including developments in the field of conventional arms;
(b) consider and adopt the recommendations relating to the implementation and operation of this Treaty, in particular the promotion of its universality;
(c) examine the proposals for amendments to this Treaty, in accordance with article 20;
(d) consider any matter raised by the interpretation of this Treaty;
(e) examine and stops tasks and the budget of the Secretariat;
(f) reviewing the establishment of any subsidiary body required for the improvement of the operation of the Treaty; and (g) performs any other function relating to this Treaty.
5. the Conference of States Parties held extraordinary meetings if it deems it necessary, or at the written request of any State party insofar as it is supported by at least two thirds of the States Parties.
Article 18 Secretariat 1. This Treaty establishes a secretariat to assist States Parties in the effective implementation of this Treaty. In the meantime the first meeting of the Conference of States Parties, the administrative functions related to the present Treaty will be entrusted to a provisional Secretariat.
2. the Secretariat is equipped with sufficient strength. Its members have the necessary skills to enable it to carry out effectively the functions referred to in paragraph 3.
3. the Secretariat is accountable to the States Parties.
With limited resources, the Secretariat exercises the following functions: has) receive, make available and distribute the reports prescribed by the present Treaty;
b) keep up-to-date and available to States Parties the list of national contact points;
c) help reconcile the supply and demand for assistance in the implementation of the Treaty and promote international cooperation according to demands;
(d) facilitate the work of the Conference of States Parties, including by making arrangements and providing services necessary for the meetings provided for in this Treaty; and e) fulfil any other task decided by the Conference of States Parties.
Article 19 settlement of disputes 1. The States Parties shall consult and cooperate, by mutual agreement, for the settlement of any dispute which may arise between them with respect to the interpretation or application of this Treaty, including by negotiation, mediation, conciliation, regulation, judicial or any other peaceful means.
2. States Parties may choose, by mutual agreement, to use arbitration to resolve any dispute between them concerning issues related to the interpretation or application of this Treaty.
Article 20 amendments 1.
Six years after the entry into force of this Treaty, any State party may propose amendments.
The expiration of this time limit, the proposed amendments may only be considered by the Conference
States Parties all three years.
2. any proposed amendment to this Treaty is submitted in writing to the Secretariat, which broadcasts to all States Parties, at least one hundred eighty days prior to the next meeting of the Conference of States Parties to which the amendments would be considered in accordance with paragraph 1. The amendment is considered at the next Conference of States Parties to which the amendments may be considered pursuant to subsection 1 if, no later than one hundred twenty days after the distribution of the text by the Secretariat, the majority of States Parties informed the Secretariat that they are favourable to the consideration of the proposal.
3. States Parties shall strive to achieve consensus on each amendment. If there is no agreement despite the efforts made, the amendment is, ultimately, adopted by a majority vote of three-fourths of the States Parties present and voting at the Conference of States Parties.
For the purposes of this article, the States Parties present and voting are those who are present and vote for or against. The depositary shall communicate to States Parties any amendment thus adopted.
4. any amendment adopted pursuant to paragraph 3 enter into force for each State party which has deposited an instrument of acceptance of this amendment 90 days after the majority of the States which were Parties to the Treaty at the time of the adoption of the amendment have deposited their instruments with the depositary. Thereafter, it shall enter into force for any other State Party ninety days after the deposit of the instrument of acceptance of the amendment.
Article 21 Signature, ratification, acceptance, approval or accession 1. This Treaty is open for signature by all States at the headquarters of the Organization of the United Nations, in New York, effective June 3, 2013 and until its entry into force.
2. this Treaty is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval of each signatory State.
3. once entered into force, this Treaty shall be open for accession by non-signatory States.
4. the instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession shall be deposited with the depositary.
Article 22 entry into force 1. This Treaty shall enter into force ninety days after the date of deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification, acceptance or approval with the depositary.
2. in respect of each State which deposits its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession after the entry into force of the present Treaty shall enter into force ninety days after the date of deposit by such State of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.
Article 23 provisional Application any State may, at the time of signature or of the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, declare that it will apply article 6 and article 7 provisionally pending the entry into force of this Treaty in its respect.
Article 24 duration and denunciation 1. This Treaty has unlimited duration.
2. each State party has the right, in the exercise of its national sovereignty, to denounce this Treaty.
It shall so notify the depositary, which address notification to all other States Parties.
The notification may include a statement of the reasons for the termination and shall take effect ninety days after receipt by the depositary, unless a later date is indicated.
3. the denunciation does not release the State obligations, including financial, implemented entrusted to him in the present Treaty as long as it was a party.
Article 25 reservations 1. Each State may, at the time of its signature, ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, make reservations which are not incompatible with the object and purpose of this Treaty.
2. the State party may withdraw its reservation at any time by notification to the depositary.
Article 26 reports with other international instruments 1. The application of this Treaty is without prejudice to the obligations of States Parties under international, current or future agreements, to which they are parties, insofar as these obligations are consistent with this Treaty.
2. the present Treaty may be invoked to deprive of effect the defence cooperation agreements between States Parties to this Treaty.
Article 27 depositary the Secretary-General United general of the United Nations is the depositary of this Treaty.
Article 28 authentic texts the original of this Treaty, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English, french, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the Organization of the United Nations.
Done in New York, the two April two thousand and thirteen.
List of signatories to a Treaty States/organizations Date Authentication Type of consent Date consent entry local force South Africa 25/09/2013 Albania 03/06/2013 Ratification 19/03/2014 Germany 03/06/2013 Ratification 02/04/2014 ANGOLA 24/09/2013 indeterminate ANTIGUA and BARBUDA 03/06/2013 Ratification 12/08/2013 Argentina 03/06/2013 undetermined undetermined Australia 03 / 06 / 2013 Ratification 03 / 06 / 2014 Austria 03 / 06 / 2013 Ratification 03 / 06 / 2014 BAHAMAS 03. 06/2013 Bahrain 21/11/2013 BANGLADESH 26/09/2013 Barbados 25/09/2013 Belgium 03/06/2013 Ratification 2014-06-03 Bosnia and Herzegovina 25/09/2013 indeterminate indeterminate indeterminate indeterminate indeterminate Brazil 03/06/2013 indeterminate Bulgaria 02/07/2013 Ratification 02/04/2014 BURKINA FASO 03/06/2013 Ratification 2014-06-03 BURUNDI 03/06/2013 indeterminate BELIZE 03/06/2013 indeterminate BENIN 03/06/2013 Cambodia 18/10/2013 Cape Verde (Islands) indeterminate indeterminate indeterminate Chile 25/09/2013 03/06/2013 Cyprus 03/06/2013 Colombia 24/09/2013 Comoros 26/09/2013 indeterminate indeterminate indeterminate indeterminate CONGO (Republic) 25/09/2013 2013-06-03 South Korea indeterminate indeterminate Costa Rica 03/06/2013 Ratification 25/09/2013 ivory 2013-06-03 indeterminate Croatia 03/06/2013 Ratification 02/04/2014 Denmark 03/06/2013 2014-04-Approbation02 DJIBOUTI 03/06/2013 DOMINIQUE 01/10/2013 EL SALVADOR 05 indeterminate indeterminate indeterminate Dominican Republic 03/06/2013. 06/2013 2014-04-02 ratification United Arab Emirates 09/07/2013 Spain 03/06/2013 Ratification 02/04/2014 Estonia 03/06/2013 approval 02/04/2014 United States 25/09/2013 Finland 03/06/2013 Ratification 02/04/2014 FRANCE 03/06/2013 Ratification 2014-04-02 indeterminate GABON 25/09/2013 indeterminate indeterminate GHANA 24/09/2013 Greece 03/06/2013 Granada 03/06/2013 Ratification 21/10/2013 indeterminate indeterminate GUATEMALA 24/06/2013 indeterminate Guinea 29. 07/2013 GUINEA-BISSAU 26/09/2013 indeterminate 03/06/2013 2013-07-04 Ratification GUYANA HAITI 21/03/2014 indeterminate indeterminate HONDURAS 25/09/2013 indeterminate Hungary 03/06/2013 Ratification 02/04/2014 Ireland 03/06/2013 Ratification 02/04/2014 Iceland 03/06/2013 Ratification 02/07/2013 Italy 03/06/2013 2014-04-02 Ratification Jamaica 03/06/2013 2014-06-03 Ratification Japan 03/06/2013 acceptance 09/05/2014 KIRIBATI LESOTHO indeterminate 25/09/2013
25/09/2013 Latvia indeterminate 03/06/2013 Ratification 02/04/2014 LIBERIA 04/06/2013 Libya indeterminate indeterminate LIECHTENSTEIN 09/07/2013 03/06/2013 Lithuania indeterminate 03/06/2013 indeterminate Luxembourg 03/06/2013 Ratification 2014-06-03 Macedonia (EX - REP. Yugoslav of) 25/09/2013 Ratification 06/03/2014 MADAGASCAR 25/09/2013 Malaysia 26/09/2013 indeterminate MALAWI 09/01/2014 MALI 03/06/2013 Ratification 03/12/2013 Malta 03/06/2013 Ratification 02/04/2014 Mauritania 03/06/2013 Mexico 03/06/2013 Ratification 25/09/2013 indeterminate indeterminate Moldova 10/09/2013 indeterminate Mongolia 24/09/2013 indeterminate MONTENEGRO 03/06/2013 MOZAMBIQUE 2013-06-03 indeterminate indeterminate indeterminate NAURU 25/09/2013 indeterminate NIGER 24. 03/2014 indeterminate NIGERIA 12/08/2013 Ratification 12/08/2013 Norway 03/06/2013 Ratification 12/02/2014 New Zealand 03/06/2013 PALAU indeterminate indeterminate PANAMA 03/06/2013 03/06/2013 Ratification 11/02/2014 PARAGUAY 19/06/2013 indeterminate Netherlands 03/06/2013 indeterminate PHILIPPINES 25/09/2013 Poland unknown 01/07/2013 indeterminate Portugal 03/06/2013 indeterminate Peru 24/09/2013 indeterminate Romania 03/06/2013 Ratification 02/04/2014 United Kingdom 03/06/2013 Ratification 02/04/2014 RWANDA 05/06/2013 indeterminate SAINT VINCENT and Grenada 03/06/2013 Ratification 2014-06-03 SAINT Kitts and Nevis 05/06/2013 indeterminate Saint Lucia 03/06/2013 indeterminate SAMOA 25/09/2013 Ratification 03/06/2014 Serbia 12/08/2013 indeterminate SEYCHELLES 03/06/2013 SIERRA LEONE 25/09/2013 indeterminate indeterminate Slovakia 10/06/2013 Ratification 02/04/2014 Slovenia 03/06/2013 Ratification 2014-04-02 03/06/2013 Ratification 2014-06-16 Sweden Switzerland 03/06/2013 indeterminate SURINAM 03/06/2013 indeterminate SWAZILAND 04/09/2013 indeterminate SENEGAL 2013-06-03 indeterminate Tanzania 03/06/2013 indeterminate Chad 25/09/2013 unknown Czech REP. 03/06/2013 indeterminate TOGO 03/06/2013 indeterminate TRINIDAD and TOBAGO 03/06/2013 Ratification 25/09/2013 Turkey 02/07/2013 indeterminate TUVALU 03/06/2013 indeterminate URUGUAY 2013-06-03 indeterminate VANUATU 26/07/2013 Zambia indeterminate indeterminate 25/09/2013
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