22 regulation of the Federal Minister for Economics and labour, with the regulation on the protection of workers from the risks related to noise and vibration (regulation noise and vibrations - Vol) is adopted, and modifies the construction worker protection regulation and the regulation on health monitoring in the workplace
Article I.4 regulation on the protection of workers from the risks related to noise and vibration (regulation noise and vibrations - Vol)
Due to sections 12 to 15, 20 para of 2, 22 para of 4, 28 par. of 5, 33 para of 5, 38 par. 1, 65, 66 para 1 and 3 as well as 72 para 1 Nos. 3 and 4 of the Federal law on safety and health at work (employee - after), BGBl. No. 450 / 1994, most recently amended by the Federal Act Federal Law Gazette I no. 159 / 2001 and regulation Federal Law Gazette II No. 309 / 2004 , is prescribed:
Table of contents
§ 1 scope § 2 definitions § 3. exposure limit § 4. exposure § 5. limits for certain rooms § 6 assessment and measurement section 7 determination and assessment of the dangers of § 8. information, training, consultation and participation of workers section 9.
Measures and measure program § 10 constructional and acoustic measures section 11.
Measures at the source of § 12.
Measures concerning work equipment and work processes § 13 technical and organisational measures § 14 personal protective equipment, marking, directory § 15 exceptions § 16 implementation of legal acts of the European Union § 17 transitional and final provisions Annex A: definition and evaluation: noise sizes Appendix B: definition and assessment: vibration sizes scope
§ 1. This regulation applies to activities where workers are exposed to during their work a risk due to noise or vibrations or may be exposed in workplaces, on construction sites and on foreign labour bodies within the meaning of the after.
§ 2. For the purposes of this regulation
1. vibration: Mechanical vibrations or shocks transmitted through direct contact with the human body (definition and assessment according to Annex B);
a. hand-arm vibration: mechanical vibrations, which cause when transmitted to the human hand-arm system risks to the health and safety of workers, in particular vascular, bone or joint damage, neurological or muscular disorders.
b. whole-body vibration: mechanical vibrations that cause risks to the health and safety of workers when transmitted to the whole body, especially back pain and trauma of the spine.
2. noise noise: a. hearing to be a dangerous any kind of sound in the audible frequency range (definition and assessment according to Annex A): noise over the trigger value (§ 4);
b. interfering noise: noise that exceeds a noise rating according to § 5.
Exposure limit value
3. (1) the following exposure limits must not be exceeded: 1. for hand-arm vibration: Liz, 8 h 5 m/s2; =
2. for whole-body vibration: aw, 8 h 1.15 m/s2; =
3. for noise hazardous to hearing: LA, EX, 8 h = 85 dB or ppeak 140 PA = (equivalent to: LC, peak 137 dB =);
4. for young workers considered Z in article 4, paragraph 1 1 and 2 indicated action values for vibration exposure limits.
(2) by way of derogation from paragraph 1 may for noise exposure, on the other hand greatly ranging from a day's work as the assessment period for the exposure (§ 4 para 1 No. 3), and the exposure limit value (article 3, paragraph 1 Z 3) instead of the day (8 h) a week (40 hours) be used, unless
1 by an appropriate evaluation or measurement within the meaning of section 6, it is demonstrated that the weekly noise exposure level (LA, ex, 40 h) does not exceed the exposure limit value, and 2. appropriate measures be taken to reduce the risks associated with these activities to a minimum.
(3) if the exposure limit values are exceeded, the employer must
1. immediate measures to reduce the exposure to below the exposure limit value, 2 to determine why the exposure limit has been exceeded and the protection and prevention measures accordingly 3., to prevent exceeding the limit again.
None of the following action exceed § 4 (1) that exposure of workers should, as far as this is possible under the State of the art, trigger value. If the exposure of the worker exceeds one of the following action values for vibrations, articles 6 to 9 shall apply. If the exposure of the worker exceeds one of the following action values for noise, §§ 8 par. 1 and 14 shall apply paragraph 1. The individual effect of personal protective equipment is not to be considered. The exposure action values are as follows:
1. for hand-arm vibration: Liz, 8 h 2,5 m/s2; =
2. for whole-body vibration: aw, 8 h 0.5 m/s2; =
3. for noise hazardous to hearing: LA, EX, 8 h = 80 dB or ppeak 112 PA = (equivalent to: LC, peak = 135 dB).
Limits for certain rooms after Z § 5 (1) in whole-body vibration in rooms 1 to 3 is to keep exposure as low as possible and allowed to reach the action value maximum. Noise in rooms after Z 1-3 the following assessment level must not be exceeded, where the acting from outside noises, such as noise from other rooms, neighborhood noise, traffic noise, to include aircraft noise, noise from a construction site, in the assessment are:
1. LA, r = 50 dB in rooms where predominantly intellectual activities;
2. LA, r = 65 dB in rooms where simple Office work or comparable activities;
3. LA, r = 50 dB linked, in lounges and ready rooms, areas and living rooms with noise caused by people in the room not to include.
(2) to comply with the limit values referred to in paragraph 1 No. 1 to 3 cannot be used hearing protection.
Assessment and measurement
6. (1) noise and vibration in the workplace are to undergo an evaluation after the State of the art. To do this, E.g. manuals, manufacturer - or in transport provider information, work process comparisons, published information, such as scientific knowledge or comparison database or calculation methods, can be used.
(2) if due to such a review exceeded the exposure limit or exceeding of limit values for certain rooms not sure be excluded, the assessment must be based on a representative measurement.
(3) an employer must ensure that assessment and measurement 1, taking into account the manufacturer's instructions; expertly planned and carried out at reasonable time intervals
2. the physical properties of noise or vibration, the extent, duration and the size of the exposure as well as adapted to the working environment and a unique and representative outcome lead; the same applies to sampling;
3. in the case of hand-arm vibration for equipment, kept Ambidextrous or conducted, each hand made; the representative exposure stems from the higher of the two values, where both values are documented;
4. so are documented (§ 5 after), that the results are clear and comprehensible.
(4) assessment and measurement may be performed only by qualified persons or services. They must possess the required expertise and experience and the technology according to the State guarantee for the conscientious and representative conducting of the assessment and measurement. Members also can be used as a professional.
(5) experts or services must have necessary and suitable facilities that depending on the task in hand, (E.g. software for calculations, measuring instruments, adapted to the conditions prevailing in particular taking into account the characteristics of the physical quantity to be measured, or from which the physical size of unique and representative can be derived, comparative data, relevant technical standards).
Determination and assessment of risks § 7 (1) an employer must the dangers that workers are exposed to through noise or vibrations, determine and assess and here in particular the following consideration: 1 type, extent, duration and frequency range of exposure, including any exposure to impulsive noise, as well as intermittent and repeated vibration;
2. exposure limit values, exposure action values and limit values for certain spaces;
3. results of the assessment and measurement, as well as relevant information on the basis of health surveillance;
4. the specifications from producers/manufacturers, domestic transport providers/in traffic bringerinnen or the operating instructions (in particular information on correct use, maintenance and marking of equipment), as well as published information such as science or comparative data.
(2) also are in the investigation and assessment of hazards the workers through noise or vibrations that are exposed to consider: 1.
any effects on the health and safety of workers while exposure to noise and vibration or ototoxic substances, unless a link is proven according to the State of technology or of occupational medicine;
2. Special work or environmental conditions in vibrations, E.g. work at low temperatures;
3. any effects on the health and safety of vulnerable workers;
4. the availability of personal protective equipment with a reasonable reduction effects; for hand-arm vibration E.g. gloves to protect against wet and cold;
5. any indirect effects on health and safety of workers by a. interactions between noise and warning signals or other sounds that need to be observed to prevent accidents; This is especially important when hearing protection is used;
b. reduced speech intelligibility in noise;
c. effects of vibration on the job or on work equipment, E.g. If vibrations, disruptive affect on the proper handling of controls reading ads or on the stability of structures or the strength of connections;
6 any excess of the normal working hours (eight hours or 40 hours) exposure to noise or vibrations.
(3) for the determination and assessment of risks is based on the current status, careful to take the design and layout of workplaces, spaces, workplaces and working procedures, such as structural separation of heavily used areas, shields, for noise on 1 also room acoustics;
2. the availability of alternative means of work or equipment and the possibility of technical measures of to reduce the levels of exposure
3. the opportunity to make up work equipment and perform operations that work to reduce the levels of exposure for workers who are not on this equipment or in the operations, in particular;
4. the ability to make connections between the work equipment or other equipment vibration-damping.
(4) the identification and assessment is to update regularly. A review and, if necessary, an adjustment in accordance with § 4 para 4 and 5 after in particular must be made, if the discovery and assessment due to significant changes could be out of date, or if it is necessary based on the results of an assessment or measurement, or based on the results of the health surveillance.
Information, training, consultation and participation of workers
§ 8 (1) If a trigger value exceeded, must be an information and training of workers according to sections 12 and 14 after take place. This has to include at least on: 1. the measures referred to in articles 10 to 13;
2. importance and level of the exposure limit values and the exposure action values and their relation to the hazard;
3. the results of the assessment and measurement and the potential dangers posed by the emission sources;
4. detect and report of adverse health effects;
5. the conditions under which the workers are entitled to health surveillance and the purpose of;
6 safe work practices, as well as correct handling of equipment and behaviour to minimize the exposure;
7. the proper use of personal protective equipment provided.
(2) after having consultation and participation of workers according to § 13 to relate in particular to: 1. the results of the identification and assessment of risks;
2. the measures referred to in articles 10 to 13;
3. the selection of personal protective equipment.
Measures and measure program § 9 (1) must be reduced excluded or so far hazards due to noise or vibrations at source, than is possible according to the State of technology and the availability of appropriate technical means.
(2) in order to reduce noise and vibrations on the lowest level of acceptable in practice, must an employer in accordance with the principles of prevention (§ 7 after) select and perform appropriate measures pursuant to sections 10 to 13.
(3) if one of the following values is exceeded, employers in defining measures according to § 4 para 3 must set a programme with measures made pursuant to sections 10 to 13 after and perform: 1 exposure action values for vibration, 2. exposure limits for noise hazardous to hearing, 3. limit values for certain rooms.
Structural and acoustic measures § 10 (1) In the programme of measures pursuant to § 9 are structural measures to eliminate or reduce the exposure, such as the design and layout of the rooms and jobs. Noise acoustic measures with a moderate sound absorption are possible by (m, B = 0.25 (empty space, planning value) or (= 0.3 (equipped space) for the octave band Center frequencies from 500 m to put 1000 and 2000 Hz.)
(2) acoustic measures within the meaning of paragraph 1 must be applied anyway, if this can be less than
1. the relevant exposure limit for certain rooms (§ 5), 2nd at hearing harmful noise exposure limit.
Measures at the source section 11. In the programme of measures pursuant to § 9 measures at the source to prevent or reduce the exposure to the source are to be defined as 1 alternative procedures, where there is none or a lower exposure to noise and vibration;
2. the choice of appropriate work equipment, causing as little noise and vibration according to manufacturer's instructions and taking into account the executed work and that are designed especially for vibration according to ergonomic aspects.
3. the adequate maintenance of work equipment and their connection and installation components, as well as other facilities in workplaces.
Measures concerning work equipment and work processes § 12. In the programme of measures pursuant to § 9 are accommodate measures concerning work equipment and work processes to set how work equipment and work processes that cause noise or vibration beyond the exposure action values on jobs, are 1 taking into account the work processes as possible in its own premises or carry out.
2. work equipment and work operations that cause noise or vibration on jobs, are to be set up and carry out, reduce the levels of exposure to noise and vibration as much as possible in particular for workers who are not on this equipment or in the operations.
3. pipes or cables that among themselves or with other devices connect vibrating equipment, must be vibration-damping and are attached.
Technical and organisational measures § 13 (1) In the programme of measures pursuant to § 9 are technical measures to set: 1. noise: airborne noise (E.g. by shields, enclosures, sound-absorbant coverings) or body noise (eg by body sound insulation or soundproofing body);
2. for vibrations: provision of auxiliary equipment that reduce the risks by vibrations (such as seats that effectively reduce whole-body vibration, or handles that reduce vibration transmitted to the hand-arm area).
(2) in the programme of measures pursuant to § 9 are organisational measures to set as 1 distance magnification to the emission source of noise in particular for workers who are not on this equipment or in the operations;
2. safe working practices, as well as correct handling of equipment and behaviour to minimize the exposure of workers;
3. limiting the duration of exposure through appropriate organisational measures such as a limitation of the duration of employment, work stoppages or compliance with recovery times.
Personal protective equipment, marking, directory areas reside in that section 14 (1) for an employee, where the exposure to noise has been exceeded, is to provide hearing protection. For workers who reside in areas, where hazardous to hearing noise (para. 4) exposure limit is exceeded, the hearing protector must be selected that individual exposure of workers does not exceed the exposure limit value. Workers who reside in areas, where hearing hazardous noise exposure limit is exceeded, must use this hearing protection.
(2) in order to be less than the exposure limit value for vibrations, personal protective equipment available to make, unless for the specific effects of a protective equipment is available, can reduce the individual exposure of workers below the exposure limit is the worker. Also, necessary personal protective equipment to protect is from cold and dampness, E.g. gloves as weather protection for hand-arm vibration, to provide. The worker must use the personal protection equipment.
(3) areas, where an exposure limit for hazardous to hearing noise (para. 4) or, in transmission of vibrations through the ground, the exposure limit value for whole-body vibration is exceeded, are appropriately marked. If this is technically feasible and justified due to the risk of exposure, they are also to delimit and is to restrict access.
(4) the exposure limit values are exceeded is according to para 1 and 3 to assess 1 linked or 2. personal data unless the extent, location and organization of the length of stay of the affected workers in the safety and health document are set.
(5) the list of noise-exposed workers in the meaning of § 65 4 6 after is Z for those workers who are exposed to personal exposure above the exposure limit for noise hazardous to hearing, taking into account not the individual effect of personal protective equipment.
Section 15 (1) after determined in accordance with section 95, paragraph 1, that the authority of the provisions of this regulation, except for article 5, § 9 para 3 Z 3 and § 10 para 2, and with the provisions of paragraph 2 must allow no exception.
(2) in respect of the exposure limit value for vibrations may after allow the authority pursuant to article 95 paragraph 3 exceptions to article 3, paragraph 1, if the workers are exposed to vibrations, which are usually below the exposure action values, but on the other hand greatly vary from a day's work and may occasionally exceed the exposure limit value.
(3) exception notices may only be granted pursuant to par. 2, if the applicant, 1 by an assessment or measurement proves that the average exposure over a period of 40 hours remains below the exposure limit and 2 shows that the risks from this form of influence, which the workers are exposed, are lower than the risks associated with exposure in the amount of the exposure limit value.
(4) exception notices may only be issued pursuant to par. 2 also: 1. after hearing the representatives of the employer and the employee, 2. under notices of payment due appropriate conditions which guarantee, taking into account the special circumstances, that the resulting risks are reduced to a minimum, 3. If after consultation of the competent labour inspection medical service guarantee is that increased health surveillance is provided for the relevant employee , 4 limited where the period may exceed maximum of 4 years.
Implementation of legal acts of the European Union
§ 16. Following legal acts of the European Union are implemented by this Regulation:
1. Directive 2003/10/EC on minimum requirements for the protection of safety and health of workers to the risks arising from physical agents (noise), OJ No. L 42 of the 15.02.2003 S. 38;
2. Directive 2002/44/EC on minimum requirements for the protection of safety and health of workers to the risks arising from physical agents (vibration), OJ No. L 177 of the 06.07.2002 S. 13.
Transitional and final provisions
§ 17 (1) in accordance with section 114 para 1 and 2 after stating that section 65 paragraph 2 to 4 at the same time enters into force after this regulation.
(2) after determined pursuant to article 125, paragraph 8, that in force this regulation § 17 para 1 to 4, § 51 para 1 to 3, article 67, paragraph 1, 2 and 4 and § 87 par. 1 last sentence in accordance with § 108 para 2, § 114, para. 2, second sentence, and article 114, paragraph 4 Z as federal law applicable 5 and 7 after General worker protection Regulation (AAV), BGBl. No. 218/1983 , as amended the regulation Federal Law Gazette II No. 156/2005, override become.
(3) in accordance with section 195, paragraph 2, of the mineral raw material act - MinroG, Federal Law Gazette I no. 38/1999, as last amended by the Federal Act Federal Law Gazette I no. 85/2005, is determined, that in force this regulation sections 314 and 345 in accordance with article 195, paragraph 1 Z as federal law applicable 4 MinroG General mountain police regulation, Federal Law Gazette No. 114/1959, amended by regulation Federal Law Gazette II No. 140/2005, override occur.
(4) before in force of this regulation on the basis of the after or as a result of the employment protection act, Federal Law Gazette No. 234/1972, issued notices this regulation not be touched, with the proviso that let moderate regulations limit values for noise or vibration force enter and find in articles 3, 4 and 5 of set values application.
(5) by way of derogation from section 3 para 1 first sentence may work equipment, used prior to July 7, 2007 and using them despite all considering future measures under this regulation the adherence to the exposure limit values for vibration is not possible, until July 7, 2011 continue to be used.
(6) by way of derogation from article 5, paragraph 1 Z 2 LA, limiting value is r = 70 dB for work spaces, which were already used for simple Office work, or similar activities before this Regulation comes into force.
(7) article 10, paragraph 2 does not apply to workplaces already existing at the time of the entry of into force of this regulation.
(8) this regulation in force already existing workplaces, worksites and foreign jobs must, provided that the provisions referred to in paragraph 2 and 3 shall be respected, only from February 15, 2006 correspond to the provisions of this regulation with regard to noise.
(9) for workplaces and foreign jobs in music or entertainment (including music performances in the hotel and catering industry), this Regulation shall into force only on February 15, 2008. Until then, the provisions referred to in paragraph 2 shall continue to apply are in that regard.
Definition and evaluation: sizes of noise Gehörgefährdender noise:
Peak sound pressure (ppeak): peak of C weighted instantaneous sound pressure.
Noise level - LA, EX, 8 h or LA, EX, 40 h: A-weighted energy equivalent continuous sound level LA, eq with an assessment period of one working day (8 h) or noise exposure, on the other hand significantly ranging from a day's work, with an assessment period of one working week at (40 h) in accordance with section 3.6 ISO 1999:1990.
LA EX, to LA =, eq, Te + 10 log (Te/to)
with Te as actual exposure time to the respective evaluation period to 8 h / 40 h.
Interference effect of noise: noise rating - LA, r: noise levels LA, EX, to, such as for hazardous to hearing noise, with surcharges for the pulse or tonal.
LA, r = LA, EX, to + K to as the assessment period and K as a supplement, is to take into account either as pulse charge KI or sound supplement KT according to circumstances. Simultaneous occurrence of pulse and tonal is only a supplement to add.
At living room in site: LA, r = LA, eq, Te + K with Te as dwell time per shift pulse charge KI: the supplement containing impulse noise is 6 dB if the A-weighted maximum levels at the display dynamic "impulse" "almost" differ dB to at least 2 of the maximum levels with the display dynamics.
KT tone supplement: If sound components are clearly audible and the third band analysis shows that the level of one (or two) third band 5 dB or more exceeds the level of the adjacent band, the sound surcharge is 6 dB.
Composite noise exposure:
Extent and duration of the noise exposure is composed during a workday or a workweek for two or more different instruments, noise exposure with the total exposure period te from the ith different fractions shall be calculated as follows:
with a duration of exposure,
as the ith part of exposure duration of n and with as i-ter part of continuous sound pressure level of n.
Definition and rating: vibrating sizes
The assessment of the extent of exposure to hand-arm vibration is based on the calculation of the ahw to a reference period of eight hours of standardized daily exposure value, 8 h; This is expressed as the square root of the sum of the squares (total value) of the RMS values of the weighted acceleration in the three orthogonal directions ahwx, ahwy, ahwz in accordance with Chapter 4 and 5 as well as Annex A ÖNORM EN ISO 5349-1:2001.
and with Te actual exposure duration to 8 h evaluation period.
Combined exposure to hand-arm vibration:
Degree and duration of exposure to hand-arm vibration is composed during a work day for two or more different instruments, with the total exposure period Te vibration exposure is so ith different proportions to calculate as follows:
with a duration of exposure, Te, i as i te exposure duration of part of of n and with as i te part exposition of n.
Whole-body vibration: Evaluation of the extent of exposure to whole-body vibration is based on the calculation of daily exposure of aw, 8 h; This is expressed as equivalent continuous acceleration for a period of 8 hours, billed as the highest value of the RMS values of the weighted acceleration in the three orthogonal directions (1.4 awx, 1.4 awy, EEZ) for a sitting / n or standing / n employee in accordance with section 5, 6 and 7 and annexes A and B ISO 2631-1:1997.
and with Te actual exposure duration to 8 h evaluation period.
Combined exposure to whole-body vibration:
Extent and duration of exposure to whole-body vibration is composed during a work day for two or more different instruments, so exposure period te is to vibration exposure with the total - as follows from the ith different fractions calculate:
with a duration of exposure, Te, i as i te exposure duration of part of of n and with as i te part exposition of n.
Article II amendment of the regulation on health monitoring in the workplace (VGÜ)
Due to sections 50 and 51 of the Federal Act on safety and health at work (employee - after), Federal Law Gazette No 450/1994, as last amended by Federal Law Gazette I no 159/2001 and regulation BGBl. II is no. 309/2004, the regulation on health surveillance in the workplace (VGÜ), BGBl. II No 27/1997, last amended by the regulation BGBl. II No. 306/2004 , amended as follows:
1 § 4 para 1 is: "(1) a hazardous noise exposure within the meaning of § 50 of the work nehmerInnenschutzgesetzes (after), Federal Law Gazette No. 450/1994, exists when workers following exposure limits be exceeded, taking into account not the insulating effect of personal protective equipment:"
"1 LA, EX, 8h = 85 dB, if not the noise exposure of a day's work on the other hand greatly varies and does not exceed the weekly noise exposure LA, EX, 40 h 85 DB or 2. ppeak = 140 PA (equivalent to: LC, peak 137 dB =)."
The following new paragraph 3 is added to § 2. 4:
"(3) if the determination and evaluation of the hazards or reviews and measurements of noise exposure or health problems of workers indicate a health risk and the exposure of the worker exceeds the following action values for noise, an employer must ensure that the worker can undergo after at his own request before starting this activity, as well as continuation of activity at regular intervals of a special investigation in the sense of § 51. These investigations may be performed only by doctors after complying with the requirements for occupational physicians in accordance with § 79 paragraph 2. The exposure action values are as follows:
"1 LA, EX, 8h = 80 dB, if not the noise exposure of a day's work on the other hand greatly varies and does not exceed the weekly noise exposure LA, EX, 40 h 80 DB or 2. ppeak = 112 PA (equivalent to: LC, peak = 135 dB)."
3. in article 5, paragraph 1, in no. 2, the point is replaced with a comma and appended following no. 3:
3. vibration, the a trigger value (hand-arm vibration: Liz, 8 h 2,5 m/s2 and whole-body vibration =) aw, 8 h = 0.5 m/s2) exceed.
4. in article 8, is the previous text paragraph labeled (1) and the following paragraph 2 is added:
"(2) an investigation in accordance with § 4 para 3 or pursuant to § 5 para 1 No. 3 at a worker an adverse health effect has been determined, are employers who have knowledge of it, is obliged to inform all other workers similarly exposed more of the possibility of such investigations."
5. § 11 10 the following paragraph is added:
"(10) § 4 para 1 and 3, article 8, in Appendix 1 to the table"Impact according to section 50"and in Appendix 2 to part II heading, each as amended the regulation BGBl. II No. 22/2006, to take for work sites and foreign jobs in music or entertainment (including music performances in the hotel and catering industry) on February 15, 2008 effect."
6. in annex 1 to the VGÜ the bracket expression (exceeding the exposure limit) is inserted after the word "Noise" in the table "Impact according to section 50" and following rows are added at the table "Impact according to § 51": noise (exceeding of the values)
Vibrations (hand-arm vibration or whole-body vibration)
7. in annex 2, part I, the following sentence attaches to examination by workers who are exposed to an exposure to welding fumes or aluminium dust, at the end from point 2: "Unless an early follow-up only due to altered lung function values, the lung function test carried out, but no X-rays is required."
8. in annex 2 the phrase becomes the VGÜ in part II in the heading "where a sound level value an effect equivalent level exceeds 85 dB(A) or not persistent noise" replaced by the phrase "where the exposure limit or the trigger value is exceeded".
9. in annex 2, part III, the following is added at the end: study of workers inside, the vibrations are exposed
Is to make history: particularly on degenerative changes in the area of the lumbar spine (L4/L5, L5/S1) for many years sitting on vertical vibrating equipment. Collect the following symptoms: acute (lumbago) or chronic recurrent pain in the lumbosacral area (especially in the last 12 months), pain (dull, burning, attractive, pungent, radiant, eg or bilateral pain radiating to the thigh muscles, frequency), movement restrictions, power reduction and sensory disturbances. Partly positive Lasèguezeichen, ischialgiforme deformity, segmental reflex nerfs and motor disturbances. Also be observed also on long-term cigarette smoking. Also acute disorders of general well-being (sickness and disorders of consciousness) can especially in tieffrequenten (< 0.5 Hz) vibrations, which are also known as so-called Kinetosen, occur. To also note functional and organic gastrointestinal diseases.
Duration of current and past exposure to whole-body vibration, kind of machines, daily and total exposure time in years, working positions (permanent such as bent or twisted posture, kneeling or squatting, constant standing, working with hands above shoulder height, sedentary activity), additional tasks with manual handling of loads and other loads of the spinal column. Collection of multiple charges such as noise, shift work, as well as strong mental stress, which favour the occurrence of gastro-intestinal diseases, to raise. To ask is to work-related accidents and operations.
-Blood pressure - oriented neurological status, inspection, palpation and functional tests.
-Investigation of the WS functions and evaluation of complaints by mobilization test: fuselage extension, trunk flexion, lateral trunk flexion, rotation left/right - examination of nerve irritation Lasègue test (passive when lying person lifting of the stretched leg at the hip joint; L4 - S1) - examination of Hypästhesien in the L4-S1 dermatome - testing of motor disorders (tonus downlisting or unilateral reductions in scope in the area of M.Quadriceps, extensor hallucis longus, M. triceps surae) - testing of reflex nerfs (patellar L3 - L4, Achilles tendon reflex S1 hand-arm vibration
Here in particular to pay attention to the existence of peripheral blood circulation disorders and nerve dysfunction in the area of the hands, like a starting perfusion in the sense of primary and secondary Raynaud's syndrome or by skin sensitivity disorders. Symptoms of irreversible, degenerative changes of cartilage and bones of hand and arm joints are also to be recorded and the painless functioning of the hand is, to include the elbow and shoulder joints.
Enter temporary fatigue and irritation in the hand-arm area. Make sure is later even at rest on joint pain at the beginning of the work. In addition to cold, stiff and callous fingers, resulting in a disability of fine motor activity. Survey of vascular spasms: lasting minutes to hours of distal onset typically white or cyanotic discoloration (white finger disease) prefers the 2nd to 5th finger, provoked by cold (eg outdoors, in the swimming pool) or emotions, seizure-like acting, pain after the attack (due to dilatation of the vessels). To rise, the beginning, the intensity pattern and influence factors (cold, sleep, exercise and nicotine effect) is in pain symptoms.
Duration of current daily, weekly and total annual exposure duration. Type of activity, type of machinery (equipment). In addition, if a strong coupling of the hands on the vibrant hand grips and whether the vibration load is predominantly in the direction of the lower arm. Additional factors affecting the blood circulation, such as cold or heat. To ask is to work-related accidents and operations.
All testing should be at room temperature.
-Blood pressure measurement, on the right and on the left arm - inspection, palpation, functional tests and oriented neurological status.
Hand-arm area: Parafunctions, Radialispuls, skin color, temperature, and - trophism, sensitivity, pain and temperature sensation, active mobility: Faust, lines the Pilferer. Wrist flexibility testing (functional limitation of wrist function), pain alone or nocturnal, also at the resting, checking the stability at the radioulnar joint, test the sensitivity of the affected fingers (2-5).
-First clarification of dys -, hyp - and paresthesias (finger bamstig, numb, uncaring) and pain, exclusion of Macroangiopathy through keys of all arterial arm pulse (Allentest), comparison of the rough force on both sides (if necessary Handdynamometrie tracking), flashy muscle atrophy.
Cold provocation test:
-Set up to automatically maintain of the temperature over the entire measurement time, also in several subjects (thermostat) - calibrated measuring instrument (E.g. infrared thermometer) - investigation person before the examination in no-load condition (still no vibration load on the day of the examination) - measurement on the fingertips before beginning of an examination - water temperature 10.0-12.0 ° C - cold water exposure: 2.0 minutes - then gently dry see avoiding friction - In intervals of 5 minutes each temperature measurements at all fingertips - in between physical rest (sitting) , the fingers and hands may be not rub - written registration of temperature measurements on all fingers - 15.0 minutes after the end of the cold water exposure record the temperatures of all ten fingers action is required if 15.0 minutes after the end of the cold water exposure on at least a finger temperature of 28 ° C is not yet reached, or if he or she is detected the vibrations in the context-related health damage or signs of impending damage to health in the context of other clinical investigations.
Construction worker protection regulation
Due to sections 65 and 66 para 1 of the Federal Act on safety and health at work (employee - after), Federal Law Gazette No. 450/1994, as last amended by Federal Law Gazette I no. 159/2001, will be the construction worker protection Ordinance (BauV), Federal Law Gazette No. 340/1994, as last amended by the regulation BGBl. II No 17/2005, amended as follows:
1. in article 17, paragraph 1, the word "Noise", as well as the standing before comma are eliminated.
2. section 18 is omitted.
3. par. 1, par. 2, last sentence and paragraph 4 and 5 accounts for § 24.