Foundry Regulation 2014 - Gießv 2014

Original Language Title: Gießerei-Verordnung 2014 – GießV 2014

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264. Ordinance of the Federal Minister for Science, Research and Economics on the limitation of the emission of air pollutants from foundries in 2014 (Foundry Regulation 2014-Casting V 2014)

On the basis of § 82 (1) of the 1994 Commercial Code (Gewerbeordnung)-GewO 1994, BGBl. N ° 194, as last amended by the Federal Law BGBl. I n ° 125/2013 and in the version of the BGBl rallies. I No 202/2013, BGBl. I No 212/2013 and BGBl. I n ° 60/2014, shall be assigned in agreement with the Federal Minister for Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management:

Scope

§ 1. This Regulation shall apply to authorised foundries subject to authorisation and subject to the conditions laid down in § 8 (Article 2 (1)).

Definitions

§ 2. The following definitions shall apply to this Regulation:

1.

Foundries are industrial plants in which castings are made of metal.

2.

Emission limit values are, according to the state of the art (§ 71a GewO 1994), the maximum permissible values of the emitted substances in question, which are linked to certain measuring and operating conditions.

Limitation of emissions

§ 3. (1) Foundries shall be operated in such a way that air pollutant emissions are caused by the reduction of their mass concentrations and/or or of their mass flows, and that the following emission limit values (§ 2 Z 2) shall not be exceeded in the case of the plant components listed below:

1.

Foundry furnaces for steel or cast iron

a)

Dust-like emissions at a mass flow rate of 0.20 kg/h or more

20 mg/m 3

b)

Carbon monoxide (CO) in hot-wind cupola

1000 mg/m 3

c)

Organic substances, expressed as total carbon

50 mg/m 3

2.

Foundry furnaces for aluminium

a)

Dust-like emissions in the exhaust gas of the ovens at a mass flow rate of 0.20 kg/h or more

20 mg/m 3

b)

Chlorine (in refining)

3 mg/m 3

c)

Organic substances, expressed as total carbon

50 mg/m 3

3.

Foundry furnaces for lead

a)

Dust-like emissions at a mass flow rate of 0.20 kg/h or more

5 mg/m 3

b)

Organic substances, expressed as total carbon

50 mg/m 3

4.

Foundry furnaces for zinc

a)

Dust-shaped

Emissions at a mass flow rate of 0.20 kg/h or more

10 mg/m 3

5.

Foundry furnaces for other metals

a)

Dust-like emissions at a mass flow rate of 0.20 kg/h or more

20 mg/m 3

b)

Organic substances, expressed as total carbon

50 mg/m 3

6.

Heat furnaces or heat treatment furnaces for metals in foundries, insofar as paragraph 5 does not specify otherwise,

a)

Dust-like emissions at a mass flow rate of 0.20 kg/h or more

20 mg/m 3

b)

Nitrogen oxides (NO, NO 2 ), expressed as nitrogen dioxide (NO) 2 ), at a furnace temperature of less than 800 ºC

350 mg/m 3

c)

Organic substances, expressed as total carbon

50 mg/m 3

7.

Plant parts for sand preparation, mould making as well as for cleaning and cleaning of Castings

a)

Dust-like emissions at a mass flow rate of 0.20 kg/h or more

20 mg/m 3

b)

Organic substances, expressed as total carbon, taking into account the mass flows for those in the Appendix 1 organic substances classified in accordance with classes 1, 2 and 3, although the presence of several substances of the same class shall not exceed the limits set out therein

8.

Plant parts for the core production and for the foundry operation, as well as plant parts for other areas of work not covered under Z 1 to Z 7

a)

Dust-like emissions at a mass flow rate of 0.20 kg/h or more

20 mg/m 3

b)

Organic substances, expressed as total carbon, taking into account the mass flows for the Appendix 1 organic substances classified in accordance with classes 1, 2 and 3, although the presence of several substances of the same class shall not exceed the limits set out therein

c)

Amines

5 mg/m 3

9.

Plant parts falling under Z 1 to Z 8, unless otherwise specified in Z 1 to Z 8 is,

a)

Organic substances, expressed as total carbon,

aa)

Amines

10 mg/m 3

bb)

Benzo (a) pyrene at a mass flow rate of 0.5 g/h or more

0.05 mg/m 3

cc)

Benzene at a mass flow rate of 5 g/h or more........

5 mg/m 3

dd)

Phenol, formaldehyde at a mass flow rate of 0.1 kg/h or more in total ......................................................................

20 mg/m 3

b)

Gaseous emissions

aa)

Inorganic chlorine compounds, indicated as hydrogen chloride (HCl), at a mass flow rate of 0.3 kg/h or more

30 mg/m 3

bb)

Inorganic fluorine compounds, expressed as hydrogen fluoride (HF), at a mass flow rate of 50 g/h or more in the case of composite casting 5 mg/m 3 , otherwise

3 mg/m 3

cc)

Sulphur oxides, expressed as sulphur dioxide (SO 2 ), at a mass flow rate of 5 kg/h or more

-

for gas-fired and oil-heated foundry furnaces .........................................................

300 mg/m 3

-

in the case of foundry furnaces heated with solid fuels...

350 mg/m 3

dd)

Nitrogen oxides, expressed as nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ), at a mass flow rate of 5 kg/h or more ..........................................

350 mg/m 3

ee)

Cyanides, expressed as HCN, at a mass flow rate of 25 g/h or more

3 mg/m 3

c)

Emissions into steam and/or or particle form

aa)

Antimony, chromium, copper, manganese, vanadium and tin, including their compounds and fluorides, readily soluble (e.g. NaF), indicated as element, and cyanides readily soluble (e.g. NaCN), given as CN, total

2 mg/m 3

bb)

Lead, cobalt, nickel, selenium and tellurium, including their compounds, expressed as element, total

1 mg/m 3

cc)

Mercury and thallium, including their compounds, expressed as an element, each

0.05 mg/m 3

dd)

Sum of all under sublit. aa to cc substances

2 mg/m 3

ee)

Arsenic and its compounds (excluding hydrogen sulphide), cadmium and its compounds and chromium-VI compounds (excluding barium chromate and bleachromate), expressed as an element, total

0.05 mg/m 3

(2) The plant owner has substances and mixtures which are based on their content of volatile organic compounds according to the chemicals regulation 1999, BGBl. II No 81/2000, as amended, or Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on the classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures, amending and repealing Directives 67 /548/EEC and 1999 /45/EC and amending Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, OJ L 327, 30.12.2006, p. No. 1., as amended by the corrigendum, OJ L 353, 31.12.2008, p. No. OJ L 16 of 20.01.2011 p. 1, as last amended by Regulation (EU) No 944/2013, OJ L 136, 31.5.2013, p. No. 5., classified as carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic to reproduction, and assigned or associated with R 45, R 46, R 49, R 60 or R 61, or the hazard indications H340, H350, H350i, H360D or H360F shall be replaced by less harmful substances or mixtures, taking into account the suitability for use and the use in the workplace. In the exhaust gas, as far as in paragraph 1 Z 9 lit. a sublit. (cc), the emissions of the substances according to the first sentence, including the presence of more than one of these compounds, are determined by a mass flow rate of 10 g/h or a mass concentration of 2 mg/m. 3 do not exceed.

(3) In the case of foundries whose foundry furnaces are operated in total no more than 250 hours per year, the respective emission limit value for dust-like emissions shall apply from a mass flow rate of 0.50 kg/h, as a derogation from paragraph 1 above.

(4) In the case of IPPC installations according to § 71b Z 1 GewO 1994 relating to ferrous metal foundries (Z 2.4 of Appendix 3 to arch 1994) or non-ferrous metal foundries (Z 2.5 b 1 of Appendix 3 to arch 1994), the following emission limit values may be permitted in addition to paragraph 1 above (§ 2 Z 2) shall not be exceeded:

1.

Dust-like emissions in ferrous metal foundries during wet dust removal as well as impact points (sand casting) 15 mg/m 3 , otherwise

10 mg/m 3

2.

Oil mist during casting in permanent forms, expressed as total carbon (as daily mean value)

10 mg/m 3

(5) The appropriate precautions must be taken to ensure that dust-containing exhaust gases from parts of the plant according to paragraph 1 (1) to (8) and dust-containing exhaust air are collected as far as possible and supplied to a dust removal device. Foundry furnaces as well as those heating furnaces and heat treatment furnaces which have a combustion chamber temperature of more than 800 ºC must be equipped with a fire technology (e.g. by using NO). X -poor burners, recirculation of a partial stream of flue gas, phased combustion), that emissions of nitrogen oxides are as low as possible. Burners of foundry furnaces have to be regularly servied by qualified persons. The carbon monoxide content of the exhaust gases must be minimised in the case of cold-water copper furnaces and other melting plants in foundries, in accordance with the technical possibilities and/or or (eg by use of waste heat).

(6) The emission limit values referred to in paragraphs 1 to 4 shall be indicated as those mass of air pollutants which, in each volume unit (mass concentration) at the emission source, enter the free atmosphere. The volume unit of the gas shall be related to 0 ºC and 1013 hPa after deduction of the moisture content of water vapour and to the oxygen contents indicated below in percentages (the amount of air used for dilution or cooling of exhaust gas or exhaust air) shall not be taken into account in the determination of the mass concentration):

1.

In the case of direct firing (by means of primary or secondary air) when liquid or gaseous fuels are used, the emission limit values shall be based on the measured oxygen content of the undiluted exhaust gases.

2.

In the case of indirect heating (by means of primary or secondary air) when liquid or gaseous fuels are used, the emission limit values shall be based on the measured oxygen content of the undiluted exhaust gases.

3.

In the case of indirect firing and, in the case of foundry furnaces heated with electrical energy, the emission limit values shall be based on the measured oxygen content of the undiluted swath exhaust gases.

4.

In foundry furnaces which are fired with solid fuels, the emission limit values shall be based on the measured oxygen content of the undiluted exhaust gases.

5.

In the case of parts of a plant according to paragraph 1 (1) (7) or (8), the emission limit values shall be based on the measured oxygen content of the exhaust air

6.

In the case of heat furnaces and heat treatment furnaces according to paragraph 1 Z 6, the emission limit value according to paragraph 1 Z 6 is 6 lit. b to a volume content of oxygen in the exhaust gas of 5% for full-load operation.

Compliance with emission limit values

§ 4. (1) The emission limit values laid down in Article 3 (1) shall be complied with in full or partial load (continuous operation), including charging, in heat furnaces and heat treatment furnaces at full load, in the case of continuous operation of the installation; at the beginning and Termination of the normal operation of the melting furnaces, as well as in the case of fuel changes or changes in the addition of the raw material or the additives (changes in the formulation), these limit values may be exceeded if and to the extent that these limit values are Transgressions are inevitable.

(2) The holder of the operating system shall have written records of the intransience, the length of time and the amount of the exceedance referred to in paragraph 1; records shall also be recorded by electronic means as written records. Data processing.

(3) The plant owner shall keep the records to be kept in accordance with paragraph 2 at least three years in the plant in such a way that they can be introduced to the authorities at any time for inspection by the authorities.

(4) The emission limit values set out in § 3 (1) shall apply only to those emission sources in which the collection and discharge of exhaust air or exhaust gas is possible.

Avoidance of diffuse dust emissions

§ 5. The storage of dusty goods (e.g. foundry sand, slag) in foundries must be carried out in such a way that as few air pollutants as possible are released; dusty goods, which are stored in foundries on the heels or in open halls, are by means of appropriate measures (e.g. covering or humidification of the surface) against the propagation of dust or vapours by wind in accordance with the state of the dust reduction technology or to incorporate it. Conveyor systems for dusty goods must have an encapsulation, enclosure or the like corresponding to the state of the art and must be operated in such a way that as few air-contaminating substances as possible are released. Foundry sand is to be regenerated as far as possible to the state of the art and, respectively, as far as possible. or to reuse. Road transport routes for motor vehicles shall be fitted with a ceiling made of asphalt, concrete or equivalent material, in a proper state, and shall be cleaned in accordance with the degree of pollution.

Measurements and monitoring

§ 6. (1) The owner of the plant shall, in so far as paragraph 2 do not specify otherwise, have individual measurements of the emission concentration of the substances referred to in § 3 (1) to (4) corresponding to the Z 1 lit. a to d of Appendix 2 for the first time on the occasion of the holding of the holding or of a substantial change (§ 81a Z 1 GewO 1994) and then in regular intervals not to exceed three years (recurring emission measurements). For foundries pursuant to Section 3 (3), a period of five years shall apply for the recurring emission measurements. If, on a case-by-case basis, certain substances listed in section 3 (1) cannot occur on the basis of the technology or the used materials used, or if the emissions of these substances cannot be proven to be 5% of the limit value , the Authority shall, at the request of the plant owner, inform the Authority or, in the authorisation decision, that no emission measurements are necessary for these substances.

(2) The owner of the plant has continuous measurements of the emission concentrations

1.

of dust in the case of melting furnaces with a thermal input of more than 5 MW, if the total heat output of the melting furnaces used in the plant exceeds 15 MW, with copper furnaces used for the metallurgy not to be taken into account in the determination of the thermal power of the coke,

2.

of dust with electric energy-heated melting furnaces, if the power of the respective furnace exceeds 7.5 MW,

3.

of dust in heat furnaces and heat treatment furnaces, if

a)

the fuel heat output of a single furnace exceeds 7.5 MW,

b)

The fuel heat output of a single kiln 5 MW and the total fuel heat output the ovens used in the plant exceed 20 MW,

4.

of dust in the case of exhaust air from plant parts according to § 3 (1) Z 7, if the mass flow of the emission source exceeds 3 kg/h,

in accordance with Z 2 of Appendix 2 , Continuous emission measurements for other substances in accordance with Section 3 (1) in the case of parts of the plant which meet the requirements of Z 1, 2, 3 or 4 shall be determined by the Authority on a case-by-case basis if this is done in accordance with the relevant requirements. The use of materials, fuels and process conditions with regard to the effectiveness of emission control devices is required.

(3) Foundries pursuant to Section 3 (3) shall keep records of the number of operating hours. Such records shall be kept for at least five years in the plant in such a way as to enable them to be presented at any time for inspection by the authorities.

(4) In order to carry out the measurements referred to in paragraph 1 as well as for the maintenance and calibration of measuring instruments for measurements as referred to in paragraph 2, the following points shall be used:

1.

Accredited bodies within the scope of their accreditation,

2.

government-authorized institutions,

3.

Civil engineers of the relevant specialist area, engineering offices (consulting engineers) of the relevant field,

4.

the trader, in accordance with its power,

provided that only validated analytical methods are used, a quality assurance system is established and the analyses are documented in a comprehensible way.

Measurement Report

§ 7. (1) The results

1.

The individual measurements according to § 6 (1) are presented in a measurement report according to ÖNORM M 9413 Report on emission measurements-requirements for the production, edition 2011-04-15, printed under BGBl. II No 153/2011,

2.

The continuous measurements according to § 6 para. 2 shall be recorded in a measurement report which shall include the evaluation of the measurement results of a continuously registering measuring instrument.

(2) The measurement reports referred to in paragraph 1 shall be at least three years, in the case of foundries in accordance with Section 3 (3), the measurement reports referred to in paragraph 1 shall be kept at the operating facility for at least five years in such a way that they are at any time to the public authorities. Insight can be introduced.

(3) The holder of an IPPC installation pursuant to Article 3 (4) shall, within three months of the end of the previous calendar year, submit a report to the Authority in writing or by electronic means on the results of the results of the year under review in accordance with § 6 (2) carried out continuous measurements and verifications. This report shall confirm compliance with the limit values for the pollutants to be measured continuously, or shall be notified of exceedances of the limit values of the individual pollutants, indicating the level of exceedance, the cause of exceedance and the duration of the exceedances. This report shall also contain the results of the measurements to be carried out in accordance with Section 6 (1) (individual measurements).

Transitional provisions

§ 8. Foundries which have already been approved at the date of entry into force of this Regulation shall comply with the Regulation no later than three years after the date of entry into force.

In-and out-of-power

§ 9. This Regulation shall enter into force with the month following its presentation. At the same time, the regulation on the limitation of the emission of air pollutants from foundries, BGBl. No 447/1994, but shall continue to apply to installations in accordance with § 8 during the transitional period referred to in § 8.

Gender neutral name

§ 10. The personal names used in this Regulation shall be understood to be gender neutral.

Mitterlehner