Limitation Of The Emission Of Air Pollutants From Plants For The Production Of Iron And Steel 2016 (Eist V 2016)

Original Language Title: Begrenzung der Emission von luftverunreinigenden Stoffen aus Anlagen zur Erzeugung von Eisen und Stahl 2016 (EiSt-V 2016)

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54. Regulation of the Federal Minister for Science, Research and Economy on the limitation of the emission of air pollutants from installations for the production of iron and steel 2016 (EiSt-V 2016)

On the basis of § 82 (1) of the 1994 Commercial Code (Gewerbeordnung)-GewO 1994, BGBl. No. 194/1994, as last amended by the Federal Law BGBl. I n ° 155/2015, shall be assigned in agreement with the Federal Minister for Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management:

Scope

§ 1. This Regulation shall apply to authorized and authorized installations for the production of iron and steel (§ 2 Z 1), subject to the conditions laid down in § 9.

Definitions

§ 2. The following definitions shall apply to this Regulation:

1.

Installations for the production of iron and steel are industrial plants in which pig iron is melted or otherwise produced, iron and iron alloys are produced, remelted, cast into semi-finished products or, respectively, produced by casting or remelting. deformed after production and/or or surface-treated;

2.

Emission limit values are according to the state of the art (§ 71a of the Industrial Code 1994-GewO 1994, BGBl. No 194/1994), the maximum permitted levels of the substances emitted, which are linked to certain measuring and operating conditions;

3.

closed combustion systems are those furnaces in which, due to the closed combustion chamber, the gases produced during the combustion enter a chimney or a trigger without dilution;

4.

open combustion systems are those furnaces in which dilution of the gases produced during combustion is unavoidable because of the open or only temporarily closed combustion chamber due to the design and mode of operation;

5.

The fuel heat output (heat load) is the amount of heat supplied to a combustion per unit of time with the fuel;

6.

organic substances are unburnt organic compounds, calculated and indicated as elemental carbon;

7.

Heat treatment furnaces or Heating ovens are those furnaces in which goods are treated by direct contact with flames or combustion gases;

8.

Secondary dust removal devices are devices for detecting and cleaning diffused exhaust gases occurring in production halls.

Limitation of emissions-General part

§ 3. (1) installations for the production of iron and steel shall be operated in such a way that air pollutant emissions are emitted by reducing their mass concentrations and/or by reducing their mass concentrations; or their mass flows, and that the following emission limit values shall not be exceeded in accordance with § 5, provided that § 4 does not specify otherwise:

1.

Dust-like emissions

10 mg/m 3

If the use of tissue filters is not possible due to the properties of the exhaust gases or the exhaust air (e.g. high moisture content), an emission limit value of 20 mg/m shall apply. 3 .

2.

Gaseous emissions

a)

Organic substances, expressed as total carbon

50 mg/m 3

The Authority shall, in the presence of organic substances with special hazard characteristics, such as carcinogenic, mutagenic, reproductive and difficult to degrade, easily accumulate or highly toxic, organic substances, to impose additional emission limit values.

b)

Inorganic substances

aa)

Chlorine compounds, indicated as hydrogen chloride (HCl)

30 mg/m 3

bb)

Fluorine and its gaseous compounds, expressed as hydrogen fluoride (HF)

3 mg/m 3

cc)

Sulphur oxides, expressed as sulphur dioxide (SO 2 )

-

in the case of gaseous or liquid fuels

300 mg/m 3

-

in the case of solid fuels

500 mg/m 3

dd)

Carbon monoxide (CO), with closed combustion systems

-

where gaseous fuels are used

100 mg/m 3

-

in the case of use of liquid fuels

175 mg/m 3

-

in the case of solid fuels

250 mg/m 3

ee)

Nitrogen oxides, expressed as nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 )

-

where gaseous fuels are used

250 mg/m 3

-

in the case of use of liquid fuels

350 mg/m 3

-

in the case of solid fuels

500 mg/m 3

3.

Emissions into steam and/or or particle form

a)

Antimony, chromium, copper, manganese, vanadium and tin, including their compounds and fluorides, readily soluble (e.g. NaF), indicated as element, and cyanides readily soluble (e.g. NaCN), given as CN, total

1 mg/m 3

b)

Lead, cobalt, nickel, selenium and tellurium, including their compounds, expressed as element, total

0.5 mg/m 3

c)

Mercury and thallium, including their compounds, expressed as an element, each

0.05 mg/m 3

d)

Sum of all under lit. a to c substances

............ 1 mg/m 3

e)

Arsenic and its compounds (excluding arsenic hydrogen), cadmium and its compounds and chromium-VI compounds (excluding barium chromate and bleachromate), expressed as an element, in total ...

0.05 mg/m 3

(2) The state of the art must ensure that dust-containing exhaust gases and exhaust air are collected and supplied to a dedusting device or to a device which is comparable in its effect, or to other devices, or appropriate measures will be taken to avoid diffuse dust emissions. Burners, other combustion installations and exhaust gas purification systems for installations for the production of iron and steel must be regularly maintained by qualified persons according to their design.

(3) installations for the production of iron and steel in which metals, fuels or feedstocks are used, where they are used on the basis of the substances contained in or adhering to them, the production of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) or polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF) shall be expected to operate in accordance with § 5 in such a way that the emission limit value for the 2-, 3-, 7-, 8-TCDD-equivalent of 0.1 ng I-TEQ/m, unless otherwise specified in § 4, is to be operated in accordance with § 5. 3 is complied with.

(4) Emission limit values as set out in paragraphs 1 and 3 above and in accordance with § 4 shall be specified as the mass of air pollutants which enters the free atmosphere per unit volume (mass concentration) at the emission source. The volume unit of the gas is at 0 ° C and 1013 hPa after deduction of the moisture content of water vapour as well as in the following oxygen contents in percentages (the amount of air used for dilution or cooling of exhaust gas or exhaust air) is not taken into account in the determination of mass concentration):

1.

When liquid or gaseous fuels are used, the emission limit values are based on 3% volume concentration of oxygen in the exhaust gas, when solid fuels are used for 6% volume concentration of oxygen in the exhaust gas.

2.

In the case of open combustion systems, in the case of exhaust air systems and in the case of furnaces heated with electrical energy, the emission limit values are based on the measured oxygen content of the exhaust gases, or respectively. Exhaust air; for the determination of nitrogen oxides in open combustion systems, the exhaust gas volume that would result from the use of air as an oxygen carrier in the case of combustion of the same amount of fuel is to be assumed.

3.

If pure oxygen or a gas whose oxygen content exceeds the atmospheric oxygen content is used as an oxygen carrier for the combustion of liquid, gaseous, dust-like or solid fuels, the following shall be considered: Combustion systems, the emission limit values are based on 3% oxygen content of the exhaust gases, an exhaust volume being assumed which would result from the use of air as an oxygen carrier in the case of combustion of the same amount of fuel.

4.

In heat treatment furnaces or Heat furnaces are the emission limit values when liquid or gaseous fuels are used at 5% volume concentration of oxygen in the exhaust gas.

Limitation of emissions-Special part

§ 4. (1) For facilities for the melting and casting of pig iron

1.

the following emission limit values shall not be exceeded in accordance with § 5:

a)

Sulphur oxides, expressed as sulphur dioxide (SO 2 )

350 mg/m 3

b)

Nitrogen oxides, expressed as nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 )

350 mg/m 3

c)

Cyanides, indicated as hydrocyanic acid (HCN)

................................

3 mg/m 3

2.

in accordance with § 5, the following emission limit values shall not be exceeded in the case of winder heaters:

a)

dustlike emissions

10 mg/m 3

b)

Sulphur oxides, expressed as sulphur dioxide (SO 2 )

200 mg/m 3

c)

Nitrogen oxides, expressed as nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 )

100 mg/m 3

3.

Dust-containing exhaust gases at the site of production (e.g. filling the coal storage bunkers for the coal injection into the blast furnace, in the blast furnace casting hall, in the preparation of carrots, on the blast furnace charging, on the blast furnace charging or on the Emergency casting bed) and, in so far as they provide a relevant emission contribution, to be recorded and supplied to a dedusting device. In accordance with § 5, the following emission limit values for dust-like emissions may not be exceeded:

a)

Filling of the coal storage bunkers, blast furnace casting hall

10 mg/m 3

b)

The emission limit value according to § 3 (1) (1) (1) shall apply in the preparation of carrots and in the production of blast furnace oil.

4.

the dust content of blast furnace gas is to be reduced by dedusting systems and high-furnace gas is to be used energetically (e.g. for the firing in power plants or in wind heaters). The use of blast furnace gas is to be optimised, for example by applying gas containers or comparable devices for short-term storage, by pressure equalisation, when it comes to energy losses over the torch, by Gas enrichment with process gases with higher calorific values and/or higher calorific values or by suitable dimensioning of the plants for energy recovery, in particular with regard to the variability of the process gases. To the extent that blast furnace gas cannot be recovered energetically for safety reasons or in emergencies, it is to be supplied to a torch, in which case the dust content in the torch gas after the dedusting device is 20 mg/m. 3 , as an alternative, the dust content may be determined by measurement techniques directly in the torch exhaust gas, with the dust content of 10 mg/m 3 shall not be exceeded;

5.

The release of blast furnace gas during the stratification is to be minimized (e.g. bell-free gout closure with primary and secondary pressure equalization, gas or extraction recovery system, use of blast furnace gas for pressurization of the gas). upper reservoir);

6.

tar-free spout gutter leanings shall be used;

7.

In the case of slag treatment, it is necessary to carry out a surge condensation in case a minimisation of emissions is necessary for the reduction of odour;

8.

coke consumption is due to the direct injection of reducing agents such as pulverized coal, oil, heavy oil, tar, oil residues, coke cokes, natural gas and waste such as metallic residues, waste oil and emulsions, oil-containing residues, fats and Reduce plastic waste-both individually and in combination-.

(2) At steel production facilities in converters and in vacuum melting plants

1.

the following emission limit values shall not be exceeded in accordance with § 5:

a)

Sulphur oxides, expressed as sulphur dioxide (SO 2 )

350 mg/m 3

b)

Nitrogen oxides, expressed as nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 )

350 mg/m 3

2.

Dust-containing exhaust gases at the site of formation (e.g. when filling the liquid pig iron from the torpedo pot (or the mixer) into the charging pan, in the pretreatment of the liquid pig iron (preheating of the containers, desulphurisation, Dephosphorisation, detoxification, transport of pig iron, weighing), processes associated with oxygen blowing converters (pre-heating of the pans, discards during the blowing process, charging of liquid pig iron and scrap, quenching of liquid steel, and Slag from the converter), in the secondary metallurgy and the continuous casting) with a high efficiency and to supply a dedusting device; dust emissions from the oxygen lance hole are to be minimized (eg by covering the lance hole during the oxygen bubble or by injecting inert gas into the chamber). Lanzenloch). Filter dust is to be recycled as far as possible. In accordance with § 5, the following emission limit value for dust-like emissions shall not be exceeded:

Refilling of the liquid pig iron from the torpedo pot (or mixer) into the charging pan, pretreatment of the liquid pig iron, processes connected to the oxygen blowing converter, secondary metallurgy and continuous casting ...................................10 mg/m 3

3.

is to collect converter gas as a fuel as possible for the following use. If an oppressed burn is not practicable for economic reasons or in terms of energy management, a complete combustion may be carried out for subsequent steam generation;

4.

In the case of suppressed combustion for the use of the converter gas, it must be removed as far as possible during the blowing process and the dust content can be reduced by dedusting systems. Converter gas can then be used energetically (e.g. for the firing in power plants or in wind heaters). The use of converter gas is to be optimised, for example by applying gas containers or comparable devices for short-term storage, by pressure equalisation, when it comes to energy losses over the torch, by Gas enrichment with process gases with higher calorific values and/or higher calorific values or by suitable dimensioning of the plants for energy recovery, in particular with regard to the variability of the process gases. If, for safety reasons or in emergencies, converter gas cannot be recovered energetically, it is to be supplied to a torch, in which case the dust content in the torch gas after the dedusting device is 20 mg/m. 3 may not exceed;

5.

in the case of complete combustion for the use of the converter gas during the blowing process, in accordance with § 5 of the emission limit value for dust-like emissions of 20 mg/m 3 shall not be exceeded.

(3) In the case of steel production facilities in electric arc furnaces and induction furnaces

1.

the following emission limit values shall not be exceeded in accordance with § 5:

a)

dustlike emissions

............ ..........

5 mg/m 3

b)

Sulphur oxides, expressed as sulphur dioxide (SO 2 )

350 mg/m 3

c)

Nitrogen oxides, expressed as nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 )

350 mg/m 3

d)

2-, 3-, 7-, 8-TCDD-equivalent

0.1 ng I-TEQ/m 3

2.

Exhaust gases at the site of formation (e.g. in the case of electric arc furnaces are primary on the primary side via a lid-hole suction and on the secondary side via a Hall suction or housing for the process steps present in the respective installation) To detect scrap preheating, charging, melting, tasting as well as in ladle ovens and secondary metallurgy with a high efficiency and to supply it to an exhaust gas purification system. Filter dust is to be recycled as far as possible.

(4) In the case of steel production facilities in electric slag remelting plants (ESU), the following emission limit values may not be exceeded in accordance with § 5:

1.

dustlike emissions

20 mg/m 3

2.

Sulphur oxides, expressed as sulphur dioxide (SO 2 )

350 mg/m 3

3.

Nitrogen oxides, expressed as nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 )

350 mg/m 3

4.

Fluorine and its gaseous inorganic compounds, expressed as hydrogen fluoride (HF)

1 mg/m 3

(5) In the case of facilities for heating or Heat treatment or heat treatment of iron and steel (heat furnaces, heat treatment furnaces and heat treatment furnaces of continuous hot-dip galvanization systems) shall not be exceeded in accordance with the following emission limit values:

1.

Sulphur oxides, expressed as sulphur dioxide (SO 2 ), when using Kokereigas

300 mg/m 3

2.

Nitrogen oxides, expressed as nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 )

500 mg/m 3

(6) In the case of facilities for the vials (vials), dust-like emissions may be 20 mg/m in accordance with § 5. 3 do not exceed.

(7) In the case of surface treatment facilities of metals by means of acids, the following emission limit values may not be exceeded in accordance with § 5:

1.

Sulphur oxides, expressed as sulphur dioxide (SO 2 )

300 mg/m 3

2.

Nitrogen oxides, expressed as nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 )

500 mg/m 3

(8) In the case of facilities for surface treatment by hot-dip galvanising (hot-dip galvanising), the following emission limit values in the exhaust gas of the galvanising boiler shall not be exceeded in accordance with § 5:

1.

dustlike emissions

5 mg/m 3

2.

inorganic chlorine compounds, indicated as hydrogen chloride (HCl)

10 mg/m 3

(9) In the case of secondary dedusting equipment (e.g. during slag treatment), dust-shaped emissions may be 20 mg/m in accordance with § 5. 3 do not exceed. This shall not apply to the bodies referred to in paragraphs 1 to 3.

Compliance with emission limit values

§ 5. (1) The emission limit values set out in § 3 (1) and (3) and in § 4 shall be complied with in continuous operation of the plant in full or partial load (continuous operation).

(2) The emission limit values set out in § 3 (1) and (3) and in § 4 shall apply only to those emission sources in which the detection and discharge of exhaust air or exhaust gas is possible (defined emission sources).

Emission measurements

§ 6. (1) In so far as the provisions of paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 do not determine otherwise, the owner of the plant has individual measurements of the emission concentration of those in § 3 para. 1 and in § 4 (with the exception of § 4 paragraph 3 Z 1 lit. (d) Substances listed according to the Z 1 lit. a to c and the Z 3 of Annex shall be carried out at regular intervals not to exceed three years (recurring emission measurements). If, on a case-by-case basis, certain substances listed in § 3 (1) and 4 (4) cannot occur or the emissions of these substances can be proven to be 5% of the limit on the basis of the technology or the used materials used , the Authority shall, at the request of the plant owner, determine which of these substances shall not be subject to recurrent emission measurements.

(2) In the case of installations for the production of iron and steel according to § 3 (3) and in the case of facilities according to § 4 (3), the plant owner additionally has individual measurements of the emission concentration of the 2-, 3-, 7-, 8-TCDD-equivalent corresponding to the Z 1 lit. a and d and the Z 3 of Annex to be carried out at regular intervals not to exceed three years. In addition, individual measurements of the 2-, 3-, 7-, 8-TCDD-equivalent shall be carried out during the initial operation of the plant as well as in accordance with the changes in the plant which cause the formation of dioxins or furans. .

(3) In the case of installations for the production of iron and steel with an emission mass flow of dust-like substances

1.

from 1 kg/h to 3 kg/h, the relevant sources shall be equipped with measuring devices capable of continuously monitoring the operability of the exhaust gas purification devices (qualitative measuring devices);

2.

of more than 3 kg/h, the relevant sources shall be equipped with measuring equipment, provided that the mass concentration of the dust-like emissions corresponding to the Z 2 and the Z 3 of the Annex continuously determine (quantitative measuring devices).

Dust-like emissions from blast furnace casting halls as well as those from secondary dedusting devices in the case of oxygen bubble converters are in any case continuously to be determined.

(4) In the case of installations for the production of iron and steel whose emissions of gaseous substances exceed one or more of the following emission mass flows, the relevant sources shall be equipped with measuring equipment which shall be used for the mass concentration of the substances concerned in accordance with Z 2 and Z 3 of the Annex to this Regulation shall be continuously identified:

1.

Sulphur oxides, expressed as sulphur dioxide (SO 2 )

30 kg/h

2.

Nitrogen oxides, expressed as nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 )

30 kg/h

3.

Carbon monoxide (CO) as a key substance for the evaluation of combustion processes in combustion processes

5 kg/h

4.

Carbon monoxide (CO) in all other cases

100 kg/h

5.

Fluorine and its gaseous inorganic compounds, expressed as hydrogen fluoride (HF)

0.3 kg/h

6.

Chlorine compounds, indicated as hydrogen chloride (HCl)

1.5 kg/h

(5) In the case of gas-fired installations according to § 4, proof of compliance with the emission limit values for dust shall be deemed to have been provided if the inorganic dust content in the fuel gas is not more than 10 mg/m 3 . At a higher dust content in the fuel gas, a combustion air quantity of 10 m may be used 3 /m 3 The emission concentration to be expected is mathematically demonstrated.

(6) In order to carry out the measurements referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2, and for the control and calibration of measuring instruments for measurements pursuant to paragraphs 3 and 4, the following points shall be used:

1.

Accredited bodies (Accreditation Act 2012-AkkG 2012, BGBl. I n ° 28/2012, in the version of the Federal Law BGBl. I No 40/2014),

2.

institutions of the Federal Government or of a federal state or bodies of public law,

3.

civil engineers of the relevant specialist area, engineering offices (consulting engineers) of the relevant specialist field and chemical laboratories,

4.

the trader, in accordance with its power,

provided that only validated analytical methods are used, a quality assurance system is established and the analyses are documented in a comprehensible way.

Measurement Report

§ 7. (1) The results of the measurements in accordance with § 6 shall be recorded in a measurement report in accordance with the rules of technology, which, in any case,

1.

in the case of measurements in accordance with Article 6 (1) and (2), the measured values and the operating conditions during the measurements (operating condition, fuel consumption, raw material and aggregates),

2.

in the case of measurements in accordance with § 6 (3) Z 2 and (4), the measured values in the form of records of a continuously registering measuring instrument,

3.

in the case of functional tests in accordance with § 6 para. 3 Z 1, the measured parameters in the form of records of a continuously registering measuring instrument

to be included.

(2) The measurement report shall be kept for at least three years in the operating system in such a way that it can be introduced at any time to the authorities of the public authorities for inspection.

(3) The holder of an IPPC plant according to § 71b Z 1 GewO 1994 for the production of iron and steel shall report annually to the Authority within three months of the end of a calendar year on the results of the results of the year under review in accordance with § 6 (3) and (4) shall transmit continuous measurements and verifications carried out by electronic means. This report shall confirm compliance with the limit values for the pollutants to be measured continuously, or shall be notified of exceedances of the limit values of the individual pollutants, indicating the level of exceedance, the cause of exceedance and the duration of the exceedances. This report shall also include the results of the measurements to be carried out in accordance with Article 6 (1) and (2) (individual measurements).

Avoidance of diffuse dust emissions

§ 8. (1) The holder of an IPPC plant according to § 71b Z 1 GewO 1994 for the production of iron and steel has to determine the order of magnitude of the diffuse dust emissions from relevant sources. This has been done by

1.

direct measurement methods in which emissions are measured directly at source,

2.

indirect measurement methods in which the emission determination takes place at a certain distance from the source, or by

3.

Calculation with the aid of emission factors

shall be made. Where appropriate and proportionate, direct measurement methods shall be preferred.

(2) The storage, handling and transport of dusty goods (e.g. sand, aggregates, slag) in installations for the production of iron and steel must be carried out in such a way that as few air pollutants as possible are released. Dusty goods are to be secured by means of storage in closed halls or by suitable measures (e.g. wind protection belts, earth walls, cover or moistening of the surface) against the continued use of dust by wind. Doors and gates of such warehouses may only be kept open for transport purposes. If ventilation of such warehouses should be necessary, this may only be done by means of a ventilation system; the collection of dust emissions that is as close as possible to the source is to be preferred. For emissions from such a ventilation system, only the emission limit value shall apply in accordance with § 3 (1) (1) (1). Conveyor systems for dusty goods and unloading devices must be encapsulation, housing or the like corresponding to the state of the art. and be operated in such a way that as few air pollutants as possible are released. Road transport routes for motor vehicles shall be fitted with a ceiling made of asphalt, concrete or equivalent material, in a proper state, and shall be cleaned in accordance with the degree of soiling.

Transitional provisions

§ 9. (1) installations for the production of iron and steel which have already been approved at the date of entry into force of this Regulation shall, in so far as the provisions of paragraphs 2 to 5 do not otherwise determine, be subject to the Regulation no later than one month after the date of entry into force of this Regulation. Regulation. Up to this point, the provisions of the Regulation of the Federal Minister for Economic Affairs on the limitation of the emission of air pollutants from plants for the production of iron and steel, BGBl. II No 160/1997, as amended by the BGBl Regulation. II No 38/2010, to be applied further.

(2) Facilities for the melting and casting of pig iron in the form of blast furnaces which have already been approved at the date of entry into force of this Regulation shall be subject to Article 4 (1) (5) with regard to the minimisation of the release of blast furnace gas Only if this is possible on the basis of the construction of the blast furnace (in the case of a bell-free beginner system, pressurization of the upper storage tanks with blast furnace gas).

(3) In the case of pre-19. The last sentence of Section 4 (2) (4) (4) (4) of the last sentence of Article 4 (2) (4) of the Regulation on the production of iron and steel has been approved in October 2007, and that the dust content in the torch gas after the dedusting device is 50 3 shall not be allowed to exceed

(4) In the case of installations for the production of iron and steel already approved at the date of entry into force of this Regulation, the provisions of Section 4 (1) (3) (3) of this Regulation shall apply. a with regard to the emission limit value for blast furnace casting halls, that this shall be a value of 5 mg/m until 31 December 2019 3 may be exceeded.

(5) At the time of entry into force of this Regulation, installations for the production of iron and steel already approved shall be subject to the provisions of section 4 (1) (4) (4) of the last sentence of the dust content in the torch gas after the dedusting facility or the dust content in the torch exhaust gas by means of individual measurements corresponding to Z 1 lit. a to c and the Z 3 of Annex once in addition to the recurring measurements in accordance with § 6. Such proof shall be furnished within one year of the entry into force of this Regulation or must be furnished within six months of the date of entry into force of this Regulation.

Entry into force, external force

§ 10. (1) The Regulation shall enter into force at the date of its manifestation.

(2) With the entry into force of this Regulation, the Regulation of the Federal Minister for Economic Affairs on the limitation of the emission of air-contaminating substances from installations for the production of iron and steel, BGBl. II No 160/1997, as last amended by the BGBl Regulation. II No 38/2010, except for force.

Gender neutral name

§ 11. The functional designations used in this Regulation shall be understood to be gender neutral.

Mitterlehner