Limitation Of The Emission Of Air Pollutants From Plants For The Production Of Iron And Steel 2016 (Eist V 2016)

Original Language Title: Begrenzung der Emission von luftverunreinigenden Stoffen aus Anlagen zur Erzeugung von Eisen und Stahl 2016 (EiSt-V 2016)

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54. Ordinance of the Federal Minister for Science, Research and the Economy on the limitation of the emission of air pollutants from installations for the production of iron and steel 2016 (EiSt-V 2016)

On the basis of § 82 (1) of the 1994-GewO Commercial Code, Federal Law Gazette 1994, BGBl. No. 194/1994, as last amended by the Federal Law BGBl.  I No 155/2015, shall be assigned in agreement with the Federal Minister for Agriculture, Forestry, the Environment and Water Management:

Scope

§ 1. This Regulation shall apply to approved plants for the production of iron and steel (§ 2 Z 1), subject to the conditions laid down in Section 9 of this Regulation.

Definitions

§ 2. The following definitions apply to this Regulation:

1.

Iron and steel production plants are industrial plants in which pig iron it is melted or otherwise produced, iron and iron alloys are produced, remelted, cast into semi-finished products, or deformed after production and/or or surface-treated;

2.

Emission limits are according to the state of the art (§ 71a of the 1994 Trade Order 1994-GewO 1994, BGBl. No 194/1994), the maximum permissible values of the substances emitted, which are linked to certain measuring and operating conditions;

3.

Closed firing systems are those furnaces in which due to the closed firebox the gases produced during combustion enter a chimney or a trigger without dilution;

4.

Open firing systems are those furnaces in which due to the design and A dilution of the gases produced during combustion is unavoidable, open or only temporarily closed in the combustion chamber;

5.

Fuel heat output (heat load) is the fuel per unit time with the fuel supplied quantity of heat;

6.

Organic substances are unburnt organic compounds, calculated and specified as elemental carbon;

7.

Heat treatment ovens or Heating furnaces are those furnaces in which goods are treated by direct contact with flames or combustion gases;

8.

Secondary dedusting devices are devices for detecting and cleaning in Diffuse exhaust fumes occurring in production halls.

Emission Limitation-General Part

§ 3. (1) Machinery for the production of iron and steel shall be operated in such a way that air pollutant emissions are caused by the reduction of their mass concentrations and/or their mass concentrations. or their mass flows, and that the following emission limit values shall not be exceeded in accordance with Section 5, unless otherwise specified in Section 4:

1.

Dust-shaped emissions

10 mg/m3

If the use of fabric filters is not possible due to the properties of the exhaust gases or the exhaust air (zB high Moisture content), an emission limit value of 20 mg/m3

.

2.

Gas-shaped emissions

a)

Organic substances specified as total carbon

50 mg/m3

The agency has the presence of organic substances with special hazard characteristics, such as carcinogenic, Mutagenic, reproduction-stoxic as well as hard-to-degrade, easily accumulable or highly toxic organic substances, in addition to prescribe further emission limit values.

b)

Inorganic fabrics

aa)

Chlorine compounds specified as hydrogen chloride (HCl)

30 mg/m3

bb)

Fluorine and its gaseous compounds, expressed as hydrogen fluoride (HF)

3 mg/m3

)

Sulfur Oxides, specified as sulfur dioxide (SO2)

when using gaseous or liquid fuel

300 mg/m3

-

when using solid fuel

500 mg/m3

)

Carbon monoxide (CO), with closed firing systems

-

when gaseous fuel is used

100 mg/m3

when using liquid fuel

175 mg/m3

-

when using solid fuel

250 mg/m3

)

Nitrogen oxides, specified as nitrogen dioxide (NO2)

-

when gaseous fuel is used

250 mg/m3

when using liquid fuel

350 mg/m3

-

when using solid fuel

500 mg/m3

.

Emissions into steam and/or steam. or particle shape

a)

antimony, chromium, copper, manganese, vanadium, and tin, including their compounds. and fluorides readily soluble (eg NaF), indicated as element, and cyanides readily soluble (eg NaCN), given as CN, total

1 mg/m3

)

Lead, cobalt, nickel, selenium, and tellurium, including their compounds, specified as element, total

0.5 mg/m3

)

Mercury and thallium, including their connections, specified as an element, each

0.05 mg/m3

)

Total of all under lit.  a to c specified substances

............ 1 mg/m3

e)

Arsen and its compounds (excluding arsenic hydrogen), cadmium and its Compounds and chromium-VI compounds (excluding barium chromate and bleachromat), given as element, total ...

0.05 mg/m3

(2) The state-of-the-art arrangements must ensure that dust-containing exhaust gases and exhaust air are detected and that a dedusting device or a device comparable in effect to them is detected; , or other appropriate measures to avoid diffuse dust emissions shall be taken. Burners, other furnaces and exhaust gas purification systems for installations for the production of iron and steel must, according to their design, be demonstrably maintained on a regular basis by qualified persons.

(3) installations for the production of iron and steel in which metals, fuels or feedstocks are used, where they are used on the basis of the substances contained in or adhering to them; polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD) or polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF) shall be expected to be operated in accordance with § 5 in such a way that the emission limit value for the 2-, 3-, 7-, 8-TCDD-equivalent of 0.1 shall not be determined otherwise, provided that § 4 is not otherwise. ng I-TEQ/m3 .

(4) Emission limit values as set out in paragraphs 1 and 3 and in accordance with § 4 shall be indicated as the mass of air pollutants which enters the free atmosphere per unit volume (mass concentration) at the emission source. The volume unit of the gas is at 0 ° C and 1013 hPa after deduction of the moisture content of water vapour as well as in the following oxygen contents in percentages (the amount of air used for dilution or cooling of exhaust gas or exhaust air) is not taken into account in the determination of mass concentration):

1.

When using liquid or gaseous fuels, the emission limit values are 3% Volume concentration of oxygen in the exhaust gas, based on the use of solid fuels, based on 6% volume concentration of oxygen in the exhaust gas.

2.

For open combustion systems, for exhaust air systems, and for ovens heated with electrical energy the emission limit values shall be based on the measured oxygen content of the exhaust gases, or Exhaust air; for the determination of nitrogen oxides in open combustion systems, the exhaust gas volume that would result from the use of air as an oxygen carrier in the case of combustion of the same amount of fuel is to be assumed.

3.

Is pure oxygen or a gas whose oxygen content exceeds the atmospheric oxygen content, as the oxygen carrier used for the combustion of liquid, gaseous, dust-like or solid fuels, the emission limit values are based on 3% oxygen content of the exhaust gases in the case of closed combustion systems, with an exhaust gas volume shall be adopted when using air as an oxygen carrier Combustion of the same amount of fuel would be produced.

4.

In heat treatment furnaces or Heat furnaces are the emission limit values when liquid or gaseous fuels are used at 5% volume concentration of oxygen in the exhaust gas.

Limiting emissions-Special part

§ 4. (1) For facilities for melting and casting of pig iron.

1.

must not exceed the following emission limits in accordance with § 5:

a)

Sulfur Oxides, specified as sulfur dioxide (SO2)

350 mg/m3

)

Nitrogen oxides, specified as nitrogen dioxide (NO2)

350 mg/m3

)

Cyanide, specified as hydrocyanic acid (HCN)

................................

3 mg/m3

2.

must not exceed the following emission limit values for winder heaters in accordance with § 5 will be:

)

dust-like emissions

10 mg/m3

)

sulfur oxides, specified as sulfur dioxide (SO2)

200 mg/m3

)

Nitrogen oxides, specified as nitrogen dioxide (NO2)

100 mg/m3

3.

are dust-containing exhaust gases at the site of production (e.g., when filling the coal storage bunkers) for the injection of coal into the blast furnace, in the blast furnace casting hall, in the preparation of carrots, in the production of blast furnaces, at the blast furnace feed or in the emergency casting bed) and, insofar as they make a relevant contribution to emissions, to be recorded and to a dedusting facility. In accordance with § 5, the following emission limit values for dust-like emissions may not be exceeded:

)

Filling of the coal storage bunkers, blast furnace casting hall

10 mg/m3

b)

In the preparation of carrots and blast furnace oil, the emission limit value shall apply in accordance with § 3 (1) Z 1

4.

is the dust content of blast furnace gas to be reduced by dedusting systems and High-grade gas energy to be used energetically (e.g. for firing in power plants or in wind heaters). The use of blast furnace gas is to be optimised, for example by applying gas containers or comparable devices for short-term storage, by pressure equalisation, when it comes to energy losses over the torch, by Gas enrichment with process gases with higher calorific values and/or higher calorific values or by suitable dimensioning of the plants for energy recovery, in particular with regard to the variability of the process gases. To the extent that blast furnace gas cannot be recovered energetically for safety reasons or in emergencies, it must be supplied to a torch, in which case the dust content in the torch gas after the dedusting device 20 mg/m 3 ; alternatively, the dust content can be measured directly in the torch exhaust gas, with the dust content of 10 mg/m3 not allowed to be exceeded;

5.

is to minimize the release of blast furnace gas during the begging (eg bell-less Gout closure with primary and secondary pressure equalization, gas or suction recovery system, use of blast furnace gas for pressurizing the upper storage tanks);

6.

to use teerless cast gutter leadings;

7.

To perform a surge condensation in the slag treatment, if minimizing emissions are required to reduce odour;

8.

is the coke consumption through the direct injection of reducing agents such as pulverized coal, Oil, heavy oil, tar, oil residues, coke cokes, natural gas and waste such as metallic residues, waste oil and emulsions, oil-containing residues, fats and plastic waste-both individually and in combination-to be reduced.

(2) At steel production facilities in converters and in vacuum melting plants

1.

must not exceed the following emission limits in accordance with § 5:

a)

Sulfur Oxides, specified as sulfur dioxide (SO2)

350 mg/m3

)

Nitrogen oxides, specified as nitrogen dioxide (NO2)

350 mg/m3

2.

are dust-containing exhaust gases at the site of production (e.g. when refilling the liquid pig iron) the peat pot (or the mixer) into the charging pan, in the pretreatment of the liquid pig iron (preheating of the containers, desulphurisation, dephosphorisation, detoxification, pig iron transport, weighing), with the oxygen blowing converter connected processes (pre-heating of the pans, discards during the (a) to record the blowing process, the charging of liquid pig iron and scrap, the sealing of liquid steel and slag from the converter), the secondary metallurgy and the continuous casting) with a high efficiency and to supply them to a dust removal device; Dust emissions from the oxygen lance hole are to be minimized (eg by covering the lance hole during the oxygen bubble or by injecting inert gas into the lance hole). Filter dust is to be recycled as far as possible. It shall not be exceeded in accordance with § 5 of the following emission limit value for dust-like emissions:

Refill the liquid pig iron from the torpedo pan (or mixer) into the charging pan, pretreatment of the liquid pig iron, with the Oxygen blowing converters linked processes, secondary metallurgy and strangouts...................................................................10 mg/m3

3.

is to collect converter gas as fuel as possible for the following usage. If a suppressed combustion is not practicable for economic reasons or in terms of energy management, a complete combustion may be carried out for subsequent steam generation.

4.

is used for the use of the converter gas during the suppression of combustion during the To reduce the blowing process as far as possible and to reduce the dust content by dedusting systems. Converter gas can then be used energetically (e.g. for the firing in power plants or in wind heaters). The use of converter gas is to be optimised, for example by applying gas containers or comparable devices for short-term storage, by pressure equalisation, when it comes to energy losses over the torch, by Gas enrichment with process gases with higher calorific values and/or higher calorific values or by suitable dimensioning of the plants for energy recovery, in particular with regard to the variability of the process gases. If, for safety reasons or in emergencies, converter gas cannot be recovered energetically, it is to be supplied to a torch, in which case the dust content in the torch gas after the dust removal device is 20 mg/m 3 must not be exceeded;

5.

may be used for full combustion for the use of the converter gas during the blowing process in accordance with § 5 of the emission limit value for dust-shaped emissions of 20 mg/m3 .

(3) For steel production facilities in electric arc furnaces and induction furnaces

1.

must not exceed the following emission limits in accordance with § 5:

)

dust-like emissions

........... ..........

5 mg/m3

)

sulfur oxides, specified as sulfur dioxide (SO2)

350 mg/m3

)

Nitrogen oxides, specified as nitrogen dioxide (NO2)

350 mg/m3

)

2-, 3-, 7-, 8-TCDD-equivalent

0.1 ng I-TEQ/m3

2.

are exhaust gases at the site of production (e.g. electric arc furnaces on the primary side via a Lid hole suction and secondary side via a Hall suction or housing for the process steps of scrap preheating, charging, melting, tasting as well as in ladle ovens and the process steps present in the respective device Secondary metallurgy) with a high efficiency and an exhaust gas purification system . Filter dust should be recycled as far as possible.

(4) For steel production facilities in electrical slag remelting installations (ESU), the following emission limit values may not be exceeded in accordance with § 5:

1.

Dust-shaped emissions

20 mg/m3

2.

sulfur oxides, specified as sulfur dioxide (SO2)

350 mg/m3

3.

Nitrogen oxides, specified as nitrogen dioxide (NO2)

350 mg/m3

4.

fluorine and its gaseous inorganic compounds, specified as Hydrogen fluoride (HF)

1 mg/m3

(5) In the case of facilities for heating or heating, Heat treatment or heat treatment of iron and steel (heat furnaces, heat treatment furnaces and heat treatment furnaces of continuous hot-dip galvanization installations) shall not be exceeded in accordance with § 5 below:

1.

sulfur oxides, expressed as sulfur dioxide (SO2), at Using Kokereigas

300 mg/m3

2.

Nitrogen oxides, specified as nitrogen dioxide (NO2)

500 mg/m3

(6) In the case of debris (vials), the dust may not exceed 20 mg/m3 in accordance with § 5 of the dust-like emissions.

(7) For the surface treatment of metals by means of acids, the following emission limit values may not be exceeded in accordance with § 5:

1.

sulfur oxides, specified as sulfur dioxide (SO2)

300 mg/m3

2.

Nitrogen oxides, specified as nitrogen dioxide (NO2)

500 mg/m3

(8) For surface treatment facilities by fire galvanising (fire-galvanising), the following emission limit values in the exhaust gas of the galvanizing vessel shall not be exceeded in accordance with § 5:

1.

Dust-shaped emissions

5 mg/m3

2.

Inorganic chlorine compounds, specified as hydrogen chloride (HCl)

10 mg/m3

(9) In the case of secondary dedusting equipment (e.g. slag treatment), the dust-like emissions shall not exceed 20 mg/m3 in accordance with § 5. This shall not apply to the bodies referred to in paragraphs 1 to 3.

Compliance with emission limits

§ 5. (1) The emission limit values set out in § 3 (1) and (3) and in § 4 are to be observed in continuous operation of the installation in full or partial load (continuous operation).

(2) The emission limit values set out in § 3 (1) and (3) and in § 4 shall apply only to those emission sources in which the collection and discharge of exhaust air or exhaust gas is possible (defined emission sources).

Emission Measurements

§ 6. (1) The owner of the plant shall, in so far as paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 do not specify otherwise, have individual measurements of the emission concentration of those in § 3 para. 1 and in § 4 (with the exception of § 4 para. 3 Z 1 lit.  (d) Substances listed according to the Z 1 lit.  a to c and the Z 3 of the asset to be carried out at regular intervals not to exceed three years (recurrent emission measurements). If, on a case-by-case basis, certain substances listed in § 3 (1) and 4 (4) cannot occur or the emissions of these substances can be proven to be 5% of the limit on the basis of the technology or the used materials used , the Authority shall, at the request of the plant owner, determine which of these substances shall not be subject to recurrent emission measurements.

(2) In the case of installations for the production of iron and steel according to § 3 (3) and in the case of facilities pursuant to § 4 (3), the plant owner has additionally individual measurements of the emission concentration of the 2-, 3-, 7-, 8-TCDD-equivalent according to the Z 1 lit.  a and d and the Z 3 of the plant to be carried out at regular intervals not to exceed three years. In addition, individual measurements of the 2-, 3-, 7-, 8-TCDD-equivalent shall be carried out during the initial operation of the plant as well as in accordance with the changes in the plant which cause the formation of dioxins or furans.

(3) In the case of installations for the production of iron and steel with an emission mass flow of dust-like substances.

1.

From 1 kg/h to 3 kg/h, the relevant sources are to be equipped with measuring devices that are used in the The situation is to continuously monitor the operability of the exhaust gas purification devices (qualitative measuring devices);

2.

of more than 3 kg/h are the relevant sources, as far as paragraph 5 is not determined otherwise, with To equip measuring devices that continuously determine the mass concentration of the dust-like emissions corresponding to the Z 2 and the Z 3 of the plant (quantitative measuring devices).

Dust-like emissions from blast furnace casting halls, as well as those from secondary dedusting devices in oxygen bubble converters, are continuously to be determined.

(4) In the case of installations for the production of iron and steel whose emissions of gaseous substances exceed one or more of the following emission mass flows, the relevant sources shall be equipped with measuring equipment, which continuously determine the mass concentration of the substances concerned in accordance with the Z 2 and the Z 3 of the Appendix to this Regulation:

1.

sulfur oxides, specified as sulfur dioxide (SO2)

30 kg/h

2.

Nitrogen oxides, specified as nitrogen dioxide (NO2)

30 kg/h

3.

Carbon monoxide (CO) as a key substance to assess the burn-out Combustion processes

5 kg/h

4.

Carbon monoxide (CO) in all other cases

100 kg/h

5.

fluorine and its gaseous inorganic compounds, specified as Hydrogen fluoride (HF)

0.3 kg/h

6.

Chlorine compounds specified as hydrogen chloride (HCl)

1.5 kg/h

(5) For gas-fired installations according to § 4, proof of compliance with the emission limit values for dust shall be deemed to have been provided if the inorganic dust content in the fuel gas is not more than 10 mg/m 3 . With a higher dust content in the fuel gas, the emission concentration to be expected may be verified by calculation based on a combustion air quantity of 10 m3/m3 fuel gas.

(6) In order to carry out the measurements referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 as well as for the functional control and calibration of measuring instruments for measurements as referred to in paragraphs 3 and 4, the following points shall be used:

1.

accredited bodies (Accreditation Act 2012-AkkG 2012, BGBl.  I n ° 28/2012, in the version of the Federal Law BGBl.  I n ° 40/2014),

2.

Bodies of the federal government or of a federal state or bodies of public law,

3.

Civil Engineer of the relevant subject area, Engineering Offices (consulting engineers) of the relevant subject area and chemical laboratories,

4.

The trader according to their power

only validated analysis methods are used, a quality assurance system is set up and the analyses can be documented in a comprehensible way.

Measurement Report

§ 7. (1) The results of the measurements in accordance with § 6 shall be recorded in a measurement report in accordance with the rules of technology, which in any case

1.

for measurements in accordance with § 6 (1) and (2), the measured values and the operating conditions during the Measurements (operating condition, fuel consumption, raw materials and aggregates),

2.

for measurements in accordance with Section 6 (3) (2) and (4), the measurements taken in the form of records of a continuously registering measuring device,

3.

for functional checks in accordance with § 6 para. 3 Z 1, the measured parameters in the form of recordings a continuously registering measuring device

to contain.

(2) The measurement report shall be kept at the operating facility for at least three years in such a way that it can be introduced to the authorities at any time for inspection by the authorities.

(3) The holder of an IPPC plant in accordance with § 71b Z 1 GewO 1994 for the production of iron and steel shall, within three months of the end of a calendar year, report to the Authority on the results of the activities of the IPPC plant in the To submit continuous measurements and verifications carried out in accordance with Article 6 (3) and (4) by electronic means. This report shall confirm compliance with the limit values for the pollutants to be measured continuously, or shall be notified of exceedances of the limit values of the individual pollutants, indicating the level of exceedance, the cause of exceedance and the duration of the exceedances. This report shall also include the results of the measurements to be carried out in accordance with Section 6 (1) and (2) (individual measurements).

Avoidance of diffuse dust emissions

§ 8. (1) The holder of an IPPC plant according to § 71b Z 1 GewO 1994 for the production of iron and steel has to determine the order of magnitude of the diffuse dust emissions from relevant sources. This has been done by

1.

Direct measurement methods where emissions are measured directly at source

2.

indirect measurement methods where the emission determination is at a certain distance from the source , or by

3.

Calculation using emission factors

to be done. Where appropriate and proportionate, direct measurement methods shall be preferred.

(2) The storage, handling and transport of dusty goods (e.g. sand, aggregates, slag) in installations for the production of iron and steel shall be carried out in such a way that as few air pollutants as possible will be released. Dusty goods are to be secured by means of storage in closed halls or by suitable measures (e.g. wind protection belts, earth walls, cover or moistening of the surface) against the continued use of dust by wind. Doors and gates of such warehouses may only be kept open for transport purposes. If ventilation of such warehouses should be necessary, this may only be done by means of a ventilation system; the collection of dust emissions that is as close as possible to the source is to be preferred. For emissions from such a ventilation system, only the emission limit value shall apply in accordance with § 3 (1) (1) (1). Conveyor systems for dusty goods and unloading devices must be encapsulation, housing or the like corresponding to the state of the art. and be operated in such a way that as few air pollutants as possible are released. Road transport routes for motor vehicles shall be fitted with a ceiling made of asphalt, concrete or equivalent material, kept in a proper state, and cleaned in accordance with the degree of pollution.

Transitional provisions

§ 9. (1) Equipment for the production of iron and steel already approved at the date of entry into force of this Regulation shall be subject to the provisions of the Regulation, in so far as the provisions of para. 2 to 5 do not otherwise apply shall, at the latest one month after the date of entry into force of this Regulation. Up to this point, the provisions of the Regulation of the Federal Minister for Economic Affairs on the limitation of the emission of air pollutants from plants for the production of iron and steel, BGBl.  II No 160/1997, as amended by the BGBl Regulation.  II No 38/2010.

(2) Institutions for the melting and casting of pig iron in the form of blast furnaces which have already been approved at the date of entry into force of this Regulation shall be subject to Article 4 (1) (5) with regard to the minimisation of the Release of blast furnace gas during the stratification only if this is possible due to the construction of the blast furnace (in the case of a bell-free beginner system, pressurization of the upper storage tanks with blast furnace gas).

(3) In front of the 19.  With regard to the provisions of Section 4 (2) (2) (4) (4), last sentence of the last sentence of Section 4 (2) (4) (4) (4 of the Rules of Law of the European Union for the production of iron and steel, it is considered that the dust content intorch gas after

(4) At the date of entry into force of this Regulation, installations for the production of iron and steel already approved shall apply in respect of the provisions of Section 4 (1) Z 3 lit.  a with regard to the emission limit value for blast furnace casting halls, that it may be exceeded by a value of 5 mg/m3 by 31 December 2019.

(5) At the date of entry into force of this Regulation, installations for the production of iron and steel already approved shall, in respect of the provisions of section 4 (1) (4) (4), last sentence, have the dust content in the torch gas after the entry into force of the the dedusting device or the dust content in the torch exhaust gas by means of individual measurements corresponding to Z 1 lit.  a to c and the Z 3 of the Appendix are detected once in addition to the recurring measurements in accordance with § 6. Such proof must be provided within one year of the entry into force of this Regulation or must be provided within six months of the date of entry into force of this Regulation.

Entering Into Force, External Force

§ 10. (1) The Regulation shall enter into force at the date of its manifestation.

(2) With the entry into force of this Regulation, the Regulation of the Federal Minister for Economic Affairs on the limitation of the emission of air-pollutants from installations for the production of iron shall enter into force. Steel, BGBl.  II No 160/1997, as last amended by the BGBl Regulation.  II No 38/2010, except for force.

Gender Neutral Label

§ 11. The function designations used in this Regulation are to be understood as gender-neutral.

Mitterlehner