401 KAR 59:240. New perchloroethylene dry cleaning systems

Link to law: http://www.lrc.ky.gov/kar/401/059/240.htm
Published: 2015

      401 KAR 59:240. New

perchloroethylene dry cleaning systems.

 

      RELATES TO: KRS

224.20-100, 224.20-110, 224.20-120, 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq., 7407, 7408, 7410

      STATUTORY AUTHORITY:

KRS 224.10-100

      NECESSITY, FUNCTION,

AND CONFORMITY: KRS 224.10-100 requires the Environmental and Public Protection

Cabinet to prescribe administrative regulations for the prevention, abatement

and control of air pollution. 42 USC 7410 likewise requires the state to

implement standards for national primary and secondary ambient air quality.

This administrative regulation provides for the control of volatile organic

compound emissions from new perchloroethylene dry cleaning systems.

 

      Section 1.

Definitions. As used in this administrative regulation, all terms not defined

in this section shall have the meaning given to them in 401 KAR 59:001.

      (1) "Affected

facility" means a dry cleaning system which uses perchloroethylene.

      (2) "Dry

cleaning system" means a series of equipment or operations which includes,

but is not limited to washer, dryer, filter and purification systems, waste

disposal systems, holding tanks, pumps, and attendant piping and valves used

for the purpose of commercial cleaning of fabrics.

      (3)

"Classification date" means February 4, 1981.

 

      Section 2.

Applicability. (1) This administrative regulation shall apply to:

      (a) Each affected

facility commenced on or after the classification date defined in Section 1 of

this administrative regulation and located in a county or portion of a county

designated as nonattainment for ozone in 401 KAR 51:010, for any classification

except marginal; and

      (b) Each affected

facility commenced on or after the effective date of this administrative

regulation which is part of a major source located in a county or portion of a

county designated attainment or marginal nonattainment for ozone in 401 KAR

51:010.

      (2) Each affected

facility commenced on or after the classification date defined in Section 1 of

this administrative regulation but prior to the effective date of this

administrative regulation which is part of a major source located in a county

or portion of a county designated attainment or marginally nonattainment for

ozone in 401 KAR 51:010 shall be exempt from this administrative regulation

except that control devices and procedures required at the time it commenced

shall continue to be operated and maintained.

 

      Section 3. Standard

for VOCs. The owner or operator of an affected facility shall install, maintain

and operate the control equipment such that the following requirements are met:

      (1) There shall be

no liquid leakage of organic solvents from the system.

      (2) The entire dryer

exhaust shall be vented through a properly functioning carbon adsorber or

equally effective control device.

      (3) The maximum

organic solvent concentration in the vent from the dryer control device shall

not exceed 100 ppm before dilution.

      (4) Filter and

distillation wastes.

      (a) The residue from

a diatomaceous earth filter shall be cooked or treated so that wastes shall not

contain more than twenty-five (25) kg of solvent per 100 kg of wet waste

material.

      (b) The residue from

a solvent still shall not contain more than sixty (60) kg of solvent per 100 kg

of wet waste material.

      (c) Filtration

cartridges shall be drained in the filter housing for at least twenty-four (24)

hours before being discarded. The drained cartridges shall be dried in the

dryer tumbler after draining.

      (d) Any other

filtration or distillation system may be used if equivalency to these

requirements is demonstrated. A system reducing waste losses below one (1) kg

solvent per 100 kg clothes cleaned shall be considered equivalent.

 

      Section 4.

Compliance. (1) Liquid leakage shall be determined by visual inspection of the

following sources:

      (a) Hose

connections, unions, couplings and valves;

      (b) Machine door

gasket and seating;

      (c) Filter head

gasket and seating;

      (d) Pumps;

      (e) Base tanks and

storage containers;

      (f) Water

separators;

      (g) Filter sludge

recovery operations;

      (h) Distillation

units;

      (i) Diverter valves;

      (j) Saturated line

from lint basket; and

      (k) Cartridge

filters.

      (2) Dryer exhaust

concentration shall be determined by the proper installation, operation, and

maintenance of approved equipment as determined by the cabinet or by

performance tests specified by the cabinet.

      (3) The amount of

solvent in filter and distillation wastes shall be determined by ASTM D

322-67(77), and substituting collector C from ASTM E 123-78. ASTM methods have

been incorporated by reference in 401 KAR 50:015.

 

      Section 5.

Compliance Timetable. (1) Affected facilities which were subject to this

administrative regulation as in effect on February 4, 1981, shall have achieved

final compliance upon start-up.

      (2) The owner or

operator of an affected facility that, on or after the effective date of this

administrative regulation, becomes subject to this administrative regulation

for a reason other than construction, modification, or reconstruction shall be

required to complete the following:

      (a) Submit a final

control plan for achieving compliance with this administrative regulation no

later than three (3) months after the date the affected facility becomes

subject to this administrative regulation.

      (b) Award the

control system contract no later than five (5) months after the date the

affected facility becomes subject to this administrative regulation.

      (c) Initiate on-site

construction or installation of emission control equipment no later than seven

(7) months after the date the affected facility becomes subject to this

administrative regulation.

      (d) On-site

construction or installation of emission control equipment shall be completed

no later than eleven (11) months after the date the affected facility becomes

subject to this administrative regulation.

      (e) Final compliance

shall be achieved no later than twelve (12) months after the date the affected

facility becomes subject to this administrative regulation.

      (f) If an affected

facility becomes subject to this administrative regulation because it is

located in a county previously designated nonurban nonattainment or

redesignated in 401 KAR 51:010 after November 15, 1990, final compliance may be

extended to May 31, 1995, and the schedule in paragraphs (a) through (d) of

this subsection adjusted by the cabinet.

 

      Section 6.

Exemptions. Perchloroethylene dry cleaning facilities which are coin-operated

shall be exempt from this administrative regulation.

 

      Section 7.

Variances. Variation with the standards and limitations contained in this

administrative regulation, if supported by adequate technical information, may

be considered by the cabinet on a case-by-case basis to allow for technological

or economic circumstances which are unique to a source. Case-by-case

alternatives approved by the cabinet, but not previously authorized by the U.S.

EPA, shall be submitted to the U.S. EPA as a SIP revision. (7 Ky.R. 374; Am.

545; eff. 2-4-81; 18 Ky.R. 2638; 2949; 3353; eff. 6-24-92; TAm eff. 8-9-2007.)
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