401 KAR 61:124. Existing factory surface coating operations of flat wood paneling

Link to law: http://www.lrc.ky.gov/kar/401/061/124.htm
Published: 2015

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      401 KAR 61:124.

Existing factory surface coating operations of flat wood paneling.

 

      RELATES TO: KRS

224.20-100, 224.20-110, 224.20-120, 40 C.F.R. 60 Appendix A (Method 24), 42

U.S.C. 7401 et seq., 7407, 7408, 7410

      STATUTORY AUTHORITY:

KRS 224.10-100

      NECESSITY, FUNCTION,

AND CONFORMITY: KRS 224.10-100 requires the Environmental and Public Protection

Cabinet to prescribe administrative regulations for the prevention, abatement

and control of air pollution. 42 USC 7410 likewise requires the state to implement

standards for national primary and secondary ambient air quality. This administrative

regulation provides for the control of volatile organic compound emissions from

existing factory surface coating operations of flat wood paneling.

 

      Section 1. Definitions.

As used in this administrative regulation, all terms not defined in this

section shall have the meaning given to them in 401 KAR 61:001.

      (1) "Affected

facility" means a coating line for the factory surface coating of interior

flat wood paneling.

      (2)

"Applicator" means the mechanism or device used to apply the coating

including but not limited to roll coaters, curtain coaters, sprays and brushes.

      (3) "Flash-off

area" means the space between the applicator and the oven.

      (4) "Coating

line" means a series of equipment or operations used to apply, dry, or

cure coatings containing volatile organic compounds (VOCs). This shall include,

but is not limited to:

      (a) Mixing

operations;

      (b) Process storage;

      (c) Applicators;

      (d) Drying

operations including, but not limited to, flash-off area evaporation, oven

drying, baking, curing, and polymerization;

      (e) Clean up

operations;

      (f) Leaks, spills

and disposal of VOCs;

      (g) Processing and

handling of recovered VOCs;

      (h) For the purposes

of determining compliance with this administrative regulation, if equipment or

an operation is considered to be a part of more than one (1) coating line, its

VOC emissions shall be assigned to each coating line of which it is a part

proportionally to the throughput of VOC it receives from or distributes to each

coating line;

      (i) If a portion of

the series of equipment or operations qualifies for an exemption according to

Section 6 of this administrative regulation, then that portion shall be

considered to be a separate coating line;

      (5) "Process

storage" means mixing tanks, holding tanks, and other tanks, drums, or

other containers which contain surface coatings, VOCs, or recovered VOCs, but

does not mean storage tanks of petroleum liquids which are subject to 401 KAR

59:050, 401 KAR 59:052, or 401 KAR 61:050.

      (6) "Interior

flat wood paneling" means printed interior wall panels made of hardwood

plywood and thin particle board, natural finish hardwood plywood panels, or

hardboard paneling with Class II finishes.

      (7) "Printed panels"

means panels whose grain or natural surface is obscured by fillers and

basecoats upon which a simulated grain or decorative pattern is printed.

      (8) "Hardwood

plywood" means plywood whose surface layer is a veneer of hardwood.

      (9) "Particle

board" means a manufactured board made of individual wood particles which

have been coated with a binder and formed into flat sheets by pressure. Thin

particle board has a thickness of one-fourth (1/4) inch or less.

      (10) "Natural

finish hardwood plywood panels" means panels whose original grain pattern

is enhanced by essentially transparent finishes frequently supplemented by

fillers and toners.

      (11)

"Hardboard" means a panel manufactured primarily from interfelted

lignocellulosic fibers which are consolidated under heat and pressure in a

hot-press.

      (12) "Class II

hardboard paneling finishes" means finishes which meet the specifications

of Voluntary Product Standard PS-59-73, which has been incorporated by

reference in 401 KAR 50:015, as approved by the American National Standards

Institute.

      (13)

"Classification date" means February 4, 1981.

      (14) "VOCs net

input" means the total amount of VOCs input to the affected facility minus

the amount of VOCs that are not emitted into the atmosphere. VOCs that are

prevented from being emitted to the atmosphere by the use of control devices

shall not be subtracted from the total for the purposes of determining VOCs net

input. If the nature of an operation or a design of equipment permits more than

one (1) interpretation of this definition, the interpretation that results in

the minimum value for allowable emissions shall apply.

 

      Section 2.

Applicability. This administrative regulation shall apply to each affected

facility commenced before the classification date defined in Section 1 of this

administrative regulation which is located in a county or portion of a county

which is designated ozone nonattainment, for any nonattainment classification

except marginal, under 401 KAR 51:010.

 

      Section 3. Standard

for VOCs. No person shall cause, allow, or permit an affected facility to

discharge into the atmosphere more than fifteen (15) percent by weight of the

VOCs net input into the affected facility.

 

      Section 4.

Compliance. (1) In all cases the design of a control system is subject to

approval by the cabinet.

      (2) Compliance with

the standard in Section 3 of this administrative regulation shall be

demonstrated by a material balance unless the cabinet determines that a

material balance is not possible. If a material balance is not possible,

compliance shall be determined based upon an engineering analysis by the

cabinet of the control system design, control device efficiency, control system

capture efficiency, and other factors that could influence the performance of

the system. If requested by the cabinet, performance tests specified by the

cabinet shall be conducted to determine the efficiency of the control device.

Capture efficiency shall be determined by procedures specified in 401 KAR

50:047.

      (3) With the prior

approval of the cabinet, the owner or operator may elect to effect all changes

necessary to qualify for an exemption under Section 6 of this administrative

regulation.

      (4) If deemed

necessary by the cabinet, the cabinet shall obtain samples of the coatings used

at an affected facility to verify that the coatings meet the requirements in

Section 6 of this administrative regulation. Appendix A to 40 CFR 60, Method

24, which has been incorporated by reference in 401 KAR 50:015, shall be used

as applicable to determine compliance of the coatings unless the cabinet determines

that other methods would be more appropriate. Case-by-case alternatives approved

by the cabinet, but not previously authorized by the U.S. EPA, shall be

submitted to the U.S. EPA as a SIP revision.

      (5) Compliance on

one (1) coating line with VOC emission limits shall be based on an averaging

period not to exceed twenty-four (24) hours. If it is not economically or

technically feasible to determine emissions on a daily basis, alternatives

expressing emission limits for longer averaging time may be accepted if

approved by the cabinet. Case-by-case alternatives approved by the cabinet, but

not previously authorized by the U.S. EPA, shall be submitted to the U.S. EPA

as a SIP revision.

      (6) The amount of

exempt solvents shall be subtracted from the amount of coatings, just like

water, with the ultimate value of interest being the mass of VOC per unit

volume of coating less exempt solvent or water or both.

      (7) Calculations to

determine equivalency on one (1) coating line shall be based on mass of VOC per

volume of solids.

      (8) Daily records

shall be maintained by the source for the most recent two (2) year period.

These records shall be made available to the cabinet or the U.S. EPA upon

request. The records shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

      (a) Applicable

administrative regulation number;

      (b) Application

method and substrate type;

      (c) Amount and type

of adhesive, coating (including catalyst and reducer for multicomponent

coatings), or solvent used at each point of application, including exempt

compounds;

      (d) The VOC content

as applied in each adhesive, coating, or solvent;

      (e) The date for

each application for adhesive, coating, or solvent;

      (f) The amount of

surface preparation, clean-up, or wash-up solvent (including exempt compounds)

used and the VOC content of each; and

      (g) Oven

temperature, if applicable.

 

      Section 5.

Compliance Timetable. (1) Affected facilities which were subject to this

administrative regulation as in effect on February 4, 1981, shall have achieved

final compliance by December 31, 1982.

      (2) The owner or

operator of an affected facility that becomes subject to this administrative

regulation on or after the effective date of this administrative regulation

shall be required to complete the following:

      (a) Submit a final

control plan for achieving compliance with this administrative regulation no

later than nine (9) months after the date the affected facility becomes subject

to this administrative regulation.

      (b) Award a contract

for the control system or for the exempt coatings and accompanying process

change no later than eleven (11) months after the date the affected facility

becomes subject to this administrative regulation.

      (c) Initiate on-site

construction or installation of emission control equipment or process changes

for exempt coatings no later than thirteen (13) months after the date the

affected facility becomes subject to this administrative regulation.

      (d) On-site

construction or installation of emission control equipment or process changes

for exempt coatings shall be completed no later than seventeen (17) months

after the date the affected facility becomes subject to this administrative

regulation.

      (e) Final compliance

shall be achieved no later than eighteen (18) months after the date the

affected facility becomes subject to this administrative regulation.

      (f) If an affected

facility becomes subject to this administrative regulation because it is

located in a county previously designated nonurban nonattainment or

redesignated in 401 KAR 51:010 after November 15, 1990, final compliance may be

extended to May 31, 1995, and the schedule in paragraphs (a) through (d) of

this subsection adjusted by the cabinet.

 

      Section 6.

Exemptions. (1) An affected facility shall be exempt from Section 3 of this

administrative regulation if the total VOC content of all the coatings applied

to a specific area of finished paneling product is:

      (a) Less than two

and nine-tenths (2.9) kg of VOCs per 100 sq. m. of coated surface (six (6.0)

lb/1,000 sq. ft.) for printed interior wall panels made of hardwood plywood and

thin particle board;

      (b) Less than five

and eight-tenths (5.8) (5.9) kg of VOCs per 100 sq. m. of coated surface

(twelve (12.0) lb/1,000 sq. ft.) for natural finish hardwood plywood panels; or

      (c) Less than four

and eight-tenths (4.8) (4.9) kg of VOCs per 100 sq. m. of coated surface (ten

(10.0) lb/1,000 sq. ft.) for Class II finishes for hardboard paneling.

      (2) Low-use coatings

shall be exempt from Section 3 of this administrative regulation if the

plantwide consumption of these coatings in the aggregate is less than or equal

to fifty-five (55) gallons during the previous twelve (12) months.

      (3) An affected

facility shall be exempt from this administrative regulation if the total VOC

emissions from all affected facilities subject to this administrative

regulation are less than or equal to:

      (a) Three (3)

lb/hour actual emissions before add-on control;

      (b) Fifteen (15)

lb/day actual emissions before add-on control; or

      (c) Ten (10) tons

per year theoretical potential emissions based on design capacity (or maximum

production) and 8760 hr/yr before add-on control. (7 Ky.R. 376; Am. 550; eff.

2-4-81; 18 Ky.R. 2664; 3371; eff. 6-24-92; TAm eff. 8-9-2007.)