601 KAR 14:020. Bicycle safety
TO: KRS 189.010, 189.030(1), 189.450
AUTHORITY: KRS 189.287
FUNCTION, AND CONFORMITY: KRS 189.287 requires the cabinet to promulgate
administrative regulations to establish standards for bicycle safety and
equipment. This administrative regulation establishes the equipment and safety requirements
required in the operation of a bicycle.
1. Definitions. (1) "Bicycle":
Means a device with an attached seat propelled primarily by human power upon which
a person rides astride or upon, regardless of the number and size of the wheels
in contact with the ground; and
Does not mean a wheelchair designed for a person with a disability.
"Hazard" means a condition present on the roadway that constitutes a
danger to a bicycle rider such as:
A fixed or moving object;
A parked or moving vehicle;
A surface irregularity; or
"Shared lane" means a single lane of traffic less than fourteen (14)
feet in width not including the gutter pan.
2. Lights and Reflectors. (1) A bicycle operated on a highway during the hours
or atmospheric conditions described in KRS 189.030(1) shall display at least
one (1) front light on either the bicycle or the bicyclist that is visible for
500 feet and capable of revealing substantial objects at least fifty (50) feet in
front of the bicycle.
A bicycle if operated on a highway or highway shoulder shall display on either
the bicycle or the bicyclist:
One (1) red reflector or red light visible for at least 100 feet from the rear
of the bicycle; and
One (1) red light or a flashing red light visible from the rear of the bicycle
for at least 500 feet during the hours or atmospheric conditions described in
3. Horn or Bell. (1) A bicycle may be equipped with a bell, horn, or other
device capable of making an abrupt sound, but shall not be equipped with a
siren or whistle.
A person operating a bicycle shall shout or sound the bell, horn, or other sound
device as necessary to warn pedestrians or other bicycles of the approach of
4. Brakes. A bicycle shall not be operated on a highway or highway shoulder
without a brake or brakes adequate to control the movement of, or to stop, the
bicycle within fifteen (15) feet at a speed of ten (10) miles per hour on a dry,
level, clean pavement.
5. Seat. (1)(a) A bicyclist if operating on a highway or highway shoulder shall
ride upon a seat attached to the bicycle.
A bicyclist operating on a highway or highway shoulder may transport a person or
persons upon a seat or carrying device attached to the bicycle in a manner in
which the seat or device is manufactured and designed to be used.
A bicycle operated on a highway or highway shoulder shall not carry more than
the number of persons for which the bicycle is designed or safely equipped.
6. Transporting a Package and Attaching to a Motor Vehicle. (1) A bicyclist
operating on a highway or highway shoulder shall not carry a package, bundle,
or article that prevents the operator from keeping one (1) hand on the handle
A bicyclist operating on a highway or highway shoulder shall not attach either
the bicycle or himself or herself to a motor vehicle.
7. Operation of Bicycles. (1) A bicycle shall be operated in the same manner as
a motor vehicle, except that the traffic conditions established in paragraphs
(a) and (b) of this subsection shall apply.
A bicycle may be operated on the shoulder of a highway unless prohibited by law
If a highway lane is marked for the exclusive use of bicycles, the operator of
a bicycle shall use the lane unless:
Travelling at the legal speed;
Preparing for or executing a left turn;
Passing a slower moving vehicle;
Avoiding a hazard;
Avoiding the door zone of a parked vehicle; or
Approaching a driveway or intersection where vehicles are permitted to turn
right from a lane to the left of the bicycle lane.
Not more than two (2) bicycles shall be operated abreast in a single highway
lane unless part of the roadway is exclusively for bicycle use. Persons riding
two (2) abreast shall not impede the normal and reasonable movement of traffic.
A bicycle operated in a highway lane with other vehicle types shall keep to the
Preparing for and executing a left turn;
Passing a slower moving vehicle;
The lane is too narrow to be considered a shared lane. A bicycle may be ridden
far enough to the left to prevent overtaking vehicles from attempting to pass
in the same lane;
Approaching an intersection or driveway where right-turn movements are
permitted. A bicycle may be ridden far enough to the left to avoid potential
conflicts with right turning vehicles;
(e) It is necessary to avoid a hazard. A bicycle may be
ridden far enough to the left to provide a reasonable safety space to the
The bicycle is operating on a one (1) way street with two (2) or more marked
traffic lanes. A bicyclist may keep to the left side of the roadway subject to
the conditions in paragraphs (b) through (e) of this subsection;
It is necessary for a cyclist to use a lane other than the right lane to
continue his or her route;
Preparing for and executing a left turn; or
(i) The bicycle is operating at or near a speed consistent
with the prevailing flow of traffic.
A bicycle may be operated on a sidewalk or a crosswalk unless prohibited by law
A bicyclist operating on a sidewalk or crosswalk shall have the rights and
duties of a pedestrian in the same circumstances.
A bicyclist using a sidewalk or crosswalk shall:
Slow to the speed of an ordinary walk where pedestrians are present or reasonably
expected to be present or if approaching a crosswalk, driveway, or other
crossing where a motor vehicle is expected
Not suddenly leave the sidewalk or crosswalk and move into the path of another
vehicle that is close enough to constitute an immediate hazard; and
Yield to pedestrians using the sidewalk or crosswalk.
(d) A bicyclist operating on a crosswalk or sidewalk shall obey
an official traffic control device applicable to a pedestrian unless otherwise
directed by a police officer or other officially designated person.
(e) A bicyclist operating on a crosswalk or sidewalk shall yield
the right of way to a vehicle if crossing the road at a point other than within
a marked crosswalk or within an unmarked crosswalk at an intersection.
A bicyclist operating on a highway or highway shoulder may proceed after
stopping and if safe against a red light if a traffic signal fails to detect the
8. Bicycle Parking. (1) Unless prohibited, a bicycle may be parked on a
sidewalk if it does not impede the movement of pedestrians or traffic.
A bicycle may be parked in the roadway at an angle to the curb or edge of the
roadway at a location where bicycle parking is allowed.
A bicycle shall not be parked or stopped as established for a vehicle in KRS
189.450(5)(b) through (j).
A bicycle may be parked on the roadway abreast of another bicycle or bicycles
near the side of a roadway where parking of vehicles is allowed. (20
Ky.R. 1508; Am. 2037; eff. 2-10-94; 42 Ky.R. 25; eff. 7-7-2015.)