907 KAR 1:031. Payments for home
RELATES TO: 42 C.F.R. 440.70, 447.325, 42
STATUTORY AUTHORITY: KRS 194A.030(2),
NECESSITY, FUNCTION, AND CONFORMITY: The
Cabinet for Health and Family Services, Department for Medicaid Services, has
responsibility to administer the Kentucky Medicaid Program. KRS 205.520(3)
authorizes the cabinet, by administrative regulation, to comply with any
requirement that may be imposed, or opportunity presented, by federal law for
the provision of medical assistance to Kentucky's indigent citizenry. This
administrative regulation establishes the method for determining amounts payable
by the Medicaid Program for home health agency services that are provided to Kentucky's Medicaid-eligible recipients.
Section 1. Definitions. (1)
"Allowable cost" means that portion of the home health agency’s cost
that shall be allowed by the department in establishing reimbursement.
(2) "Cost report" means the
Annual Medicaid Home Health/HCB Cost Report.
(3) "Cost report instructions"
means the Annual Medicaid Home Health/HCB Cost Report Instructions.
(4) "Department" means the
Department for Medicaid Services or its designee.
(5) "Home health agency" or
"HHA" means an agency defined pursuant to 42 C.F.R. 440.70(d).
(6) "Interim rate" means a rate
set for a provider for tentative reimbursement, based on reasonable allowable
cost of providing a covered service, which may result in reimbursement adjustments
after an audit or review determines the actual allowable cost during an
(7) "Medicaid upper limit"
means the maximum amount the Medicaid Program shall reimburse, on a
facility-by-facility basis, for a unit of service.
(8) "Medically necessary" or
"medical necessity" means that a covered benefit is determined to be
needed in accordance with 907 KAR 3:130.
(9) "Medicare upper limit"
means the maximum reimbursement amount allowed by Medicare specific to:
(a) Each Medicare participating provider;
(b) Each category of service; and
(c) A unit of service.
(10) "Necessary function" means
that if an owner of an agency had not provided the services pertinent to the
operation of the HHA, the facility would have had to employ another person to
perform the service.
(11) "Owner" means a person or
a related family member with a cumulative ownership interest of five (5)
percent or more.
(12) "Projected cost report"
means an Annual Medicaid Home Health/HCB Cost Report that reflects costs that
can reasonably be expected to be incurred by a provider for a specific period
of time ending in the future.
(13) "Public agency" means an
agency operated by a federal, state, county, city or other local governmental
agency or instrumentality.
(14) "Rate year" means a twelve
(12) month period beginning July 1 and ending the following June 30.
(15) "Related family member"
(a) Husband or wife;
(b) Natural or adoptive parent, child, or
(c) Stepparent, stepchild, stepbrother,
(d) Father-in-law, mother-in-law, son-in-law,
daughter-in-law, brother-in-law, or sister-in-law;
(e) Grandparent or grandchild;
(f) Spouse of grandparent or grandchild;
(g) Aunt or uncle; or
(h) Spouse of aunt or uncle.
(16) "Settled" or
"settlement" means an amount by which a provider’s interim Medicaid
payment for a specified period of time is adjusted based on an audited or desk
reviewed cost report for that same period of time.
(17) "Uniform desk review" or
"UDR" means an analysis of a provider’s Annual Medicaid Home
Health/HCB Cost Report to determine if the data is adequate, complete,
accurate, and reasonable.
(18) "Usual and customary
charge" means the uniform amount which a medical provider charges the
general public for a specific service or procedure.
Section 2. Reimbursement Requirement. A
home health service shall be provided in accordance with 907 KAR 1:030 to be
eligible for reimbursement.
Section 3. Payment to an In-state HHA.
(1) Except as provided in Section 14 of this administrative regulation, the
department shall reimburse a Medicaid participating in-state HHA on the basis
of an interim rate established pursuant to subsection (2) of this section for
the following services:
(a) Speech therapy;
(b) Physical therapy;
(c) Occupational therapy;
(d) Medical social services;
(e) Home health aide services; and
(f) Skilled nursing services.
(2) The interim rate for a service
pursuant to subsection (1) of this section shall be determined for each
individual HHA as follows:
(a) The department shall use cost data
for each category of service from an HHA's most recent available Annual
Medicaid Home Health/HCB Cost Report as of May 31 immediately preceding the
rate year to set the interim rate;
(b) Medicaid specific data for units of
service shall be adjusted using the Medicaid paid claims data;
(c) Total cost data shall be increased
for inflation using the most recent available HHA Market Basket National
Forecast, as published by Standard and Poor’s, by:
1. Trending the total cost data to the
beginning of a rate year; and
2. Indexing cost data established
pursuant to subparagraph 1 of this paragraph for inflationary cost increases
projected to occur during the rate year;
(d) An average unit cost for a category
of service shall be established by dividing the indexed cost established
pursuant to paragraph (c)2 of this subsection by the total number of units of
service that are reflected in the cost report pursuant to paragraph (a) of this
(e) If a nonpublicly-operated HHA is
eligible to receive a cost containment incentive payment pursuant to Section 5
of this administrative regulation, the department shall determine the "average
unit cost plus incentive" by adding the "incentive payment per visit
amount" pursuant to Section 5(1) of this administrative regulation to the
average unit cost established pursuant to paragraph (d) of this subsection;
(f) The interim rate for a
publicly-operated HHA shall be the lesser of:
1. The average unit cost pursuant to
paragraph (d) of this subsection; or
2. The Medicare upper limit as issued to
the provider through a Medicare letter; and
(g) The interim rate for a
nonpublicly-operated HHA shall be the lesser of the:
1. Maximum average unit cost as
established pursuant to paragraph (d) or (e) of this subsection that the
provider is eligible to receive;
2. Medicaid upper limit pursuant to
Section 7 of this administrative regulation; or
3. Medicare upper limits.
(3) The department shall establish an
interim payment not to exceed the allowable billed charge for an item listed in
paragraphs (a) and (b) of this subsection by multiplying the provider’s total
cost to charge ratio for the items as reflected in the provider's most recent
available cost report as of May 31 immediately preceding the rate year by the
provider’s billed charge for:
(a) Disposable medical supplies; and
(b) Enteral nutritional products.
(4) For a facility whose fiscal year
ended on or after June 30, 2003, within eighteen (18) months following the end
of the facility’s fiscal year, payments made pursuant to subsection (3) of this
section shall be:
(a) Settled to the lesser of the:
1. Allowable Medicaid cost, as
established by the Kentucky Medicaid Medical Supply Cost Settlement Worksheet,
that the department has:
a. Audited; or
b. Desk reviewed; or
2. Allowable billed charge reported by
the Medicaid Management Information System (MMIS), except that a
publicly-operated HHA furnishing services free of charge or at a nominal charge
pursuant to 42 C.F.R. 413.13(f) shall be settled pursuant to subparagraph 1 of
this paragraph; and
(b) Settled utilizing aggregation of
costs in accordance with the Kentucky Medicaid Medical Supply Cost Settlement
(5)(a) If a settlement pursuant to
subsection (4) of this section indicates that the department has overpaid a
provider, the excess payment to the provider shall be recovered pursuant to 907
KAR 1:671, Section 2.
(b) If a settlement pursuant to
subsection (4) of this section indicates that the department has underpaid a
provider, a payout shall be issued to the provider through the MMIS during the
next cycle following the discovery of the underpayment.
Section 4. Payment to a New In-state HHA.
(1) An HHA that undergoes a change of ownership during a rate year shall continue
to be reimbursed at the rate established for the previous owner for the remainder
of the rate year.
(2) An HHA pursuant to subsection (1) of
this section shall be reimbursed pursuant to Section 3 of this administrative
regulation after the provider submits a cost report pursuant to Section 8 of
this administrative regulation.
(3) An HHA that had not previously
participated in the Medicaid Program under the current ownership or a previous
ownership during the rate year shall be:
(a) Considered a new HHA; and
(b) Reimbursed at the interim rate equal
to the lesser of:
1. Seventy (70) percent of the current
Medicaid upper limit as established pursuant to Section 7(2)(e) of this
administrative regulation; or
2. The current Medicare upper limits.
(4) A new HHA shall be reimbursed
pursuant to subsection (3) of this section until a cost report is:
(a) Submitted pursuant to Section 8 of
this administrative regulation; and
(b) Received by the department by May 31
preceding the rate year.
(5) If, during the initial period, a
provider pursuant to subsection (3) of this section requests a rate adjustment,
the department shall grant a rate change if the provider:
(a) Submits documentation indicating that
the cost of providing services is significantly higher than the reimbursement
rate that the provider is receiving; and
(b) Submits a projected cost report.
(6) When a new HHA's first cost report is
received, interim payments for the cost report period shall be adjusted
pursuant to Section 3(4) of this administrative regulation.
Section 5. Incentive Payment. (1) If a
nonpublicly-operated HHA's nonaggregated base year costs are below the Medicaid
upper limits pursuant to Section 7 of this administrative regulation for the
corresponding period of time, the HHA shall receive a cost containment incentive
payment, pursuant to Section 3(2)(e) of this administrative regulation, in
accordance with the following payment schedule:
Percentage of Per Unit
Cost to Upper Limit
Per Visit Amount
95.01% - 100%
90.01% - 95%
85.01% - 90%
80.01% - 85%
80% and below
(2) An incentive payment shall:
(a) Be subject to verification of visits;
(b) Bear an inverse relationship to the
current year basic per visit cost; and
(c) Be adjusted each July 1 during the
interim rate setting process pursuant to Section 3 of this administrative
regulation for the rate year.
(3) The portion of an interim rate equal
to the "incentive payment per visit amount" shall not be subject to
retrospective settlement pursuant to Section 3(4) of this administrative regulation.
Section 6. Payment to an Out-of-state
HHA. (1) An out-of-state HHA that provides a covered service inside the Commonwealth of Kentucky to an eligible Kentucky Medicaid recipient shall be paid pursuant
to Section 3 of this administrative regulation.
(2) Except as provided in subsection (3)
of this section, an out-of-state HHA that provides a covered service to an
eligible Kentucky Medicaid recipient while the recipient is outside the Commonwealth of Kentucky shall be reimbursed the lesser of the agency’s:
(a) Usual and customary billed charge;
(b) Medicare upper limit; or
(c) Medicaid upper limit.
(3) If an out-of-state HHA provides the
following items to an eligible Kentucky Medicaid recipient while the recipient
is outside the Commonwealth of Kentucky, reimbursement shall be paid at eighty
(80) percent of the HHA's usual and customary actual billed charges for:
(a) Disposable medical supplies; and
(b) Enteral nutritional products.
Section 7. Establishment of Medicaid
Upper Limits. (1) Medicaid upper limits for the services pursuant to Section
3(1)(a) through (e) of this administrative regulation shall be established each
year to be effective on July 1 for a nonpublicly-operated HHA.
(2) Medicaid upper limits shall be
determined by the department as follows:
(a) Based on the Standard Metropolitan
Statistical Area (SMSA) designation, a nonpublicly-operated HHA shall be classified
1. Urban; or
(b) Two (2) sets of arrays pursuant to
paragraph (a) of this subsection shall be established for each category of
service pursuant to subsection (1) of this section.
(c) Each HHA's average unit cost per
service as established pursuant to Section 3(2)(d) of this administrative
regulation shall be:
1. Grouped pursuant to paragraph (b) of
this subsection; and
2. Arrayed from lowest to highest.
(d) The median per unit cost for each of
the ten (10) arrays pursuant to paragraph (c) of this subsection shall be based
on the median number of Medicaid units pursuant to Section 3(2)(b) of this
(e) Medicaid upper limits for a
nonpublicly-operated HHA shall be set at 105 percent of the median per unit
cost as established pursuant to paragraph (d) of this subsection.
(3) The following HHAs shall be exempt
from the Medicaid upper limits, but shall be subject to the Medicare upper
(a) A publicly-operated HHA; or
(b) A new HHA who does not have two (2)
full years of operation.
(4) The Medicaid upper limit for skilled
nursing services shall be the Medicare upper limit for skilled nursing
Section 8. Financial Data and Cost
Reporting Requirements. (1) Except for a provider identified in Section 6(2) of
this administrative regulation, an HHA shall submit to the department a completed
(a) That includes workpapers utilized to
prepare the cost report including:
1. Detail of how a reclassification or an
adjustment was calculated;
2. A working trial balance; and
3. Schedules tying the trial balance to
the cost report;
(b) On an annual basis, within five (5)
months after the close of the HHA's fiscal year;
(c) Prepared in accordance with the
Annual Medicaid Home Health/HCB Cost Report Instructions; and
(d) Pursuant to 42 C.F.R. 413.24(a), (b),
(c), and (e).
(2) A thirty (30) day extension of time
for submitting a cost report pursuant to subsection (1) of this section may be
granted by the Director of the Division of Long Term Care and Disability
Services or his designee if:
(a) A provider’s operations are
significantly adversely affected due to extraordinary circumstances over which
the provider has no control;
(b) The provider submits a request for
the extension in writing; and
(c) The request is received by the
department within five (5) months after the close of the HHA’s fiscal year.
(3) An HHA’s payment shall be suspended
(a)1. Time for submitting a cost report
pursuant to subsection (1) or (2) of this section has lapsed; and
2. A cost report has not been submitted
to the department;
(b) The department determines that the
HHA does not maintain or no longer maintains records pursuant to subsection (4)
of this section; or
(c) The provider fails to provide the
department with access to records pursuant to:
1. 907 KAR 1:672, Section 2(6); or
2. Subsection (4) of this section.
(4) For a period of five (5) years from
the date that the department issues a letter to an HHA detailing the Medicaid
final settlement of a cost report, the HHA shall retain and make available to the
(a) Records and documents pursuant to 42
C.F.R. 413.20(a), (c), and (d); and
(b) Documentation of work or services
performed if compensation is claimed by the:
1. Owner; or
2. A related family member of the:
a. Owner; or
(5) If during a twelve (12) month period
an HHA contracts with a subcontractor for the provision of goods and services
established pursuant to 907 KAR 1:030 costing or valued at $10,000 or more, the
HHA shall include a clause in the contract that requires a subcontractor to
make available to the department records and documents related to the provision
of services consistent with the requirements pursuant to subsection (4) of this
(6) If the department is denied access to
a subcontractor’s records pursuant to subsection (4) of this section, the cost
of goods or services furnished by the subcontractor shall become a nonallowable
cost reported on a cost report.
(7) If an HHA has been voluntarily or
involuntarily terminated from the Medicaid Program, reimbursement payments
shall be withheld until:
(a) A cost report is received from the
HHA provider for the period of time the provider participated in the Medicaid
1. Beginning with the first day of the
provider’s fiscal year immediately preceding the provider’s termination date;
2. Ending on the date of termination of
its provider agreement with the Medicaid Program; and
(b) A final settlement pursuant to
Section 3(4) of this administrative regulation is completed by the department.
Section 9. Allowable HHA Cost. (1) Except
as limited pursuant to Section 10 of this administrative regulation, cost
pursuant to subsection (2) of this section shall be allowable and eligible for
reimbursement pursuant to this administrative regulation if costs are:
(a) Reflective of a provider’s actual
expenses of providing a service; and
(b) Related to Medicaid patient care
pursuant to 42 C.F.R. 413.9.
(2) Except as limited by Section 10 of
this administrative regulation, and subsection (1) of this section, the
following costs shall be allowable:
(a) Allowable cost to related
organizations pursuant to 42 C.F.R. 413.17;
(b) Costs of educational activities
pursuant to 42 C.F.R. 413.85;
(c) Research costs pursuant to 42 C.F.R.
(d) Value of services of nonpaid workers
pursuant to 42 C.F.R. 413.94;
(e) Purchase discounts and allowances,
and refunds of expenses pursuant to 42 C.F.R. 413.98; and
(f) Therapy and other services pursuant
to 42 C.F.R. 413.106.
Section 10. Limitations on Allowable HHA
Cost. (1) Board of directors’ fees.
(a) The cost of board of director’s fees
shall be limited annually to:
1.a. Five (5) meetings for a
single-facility organization; or
b. Twelve (12) meetings for a
multiple-facility organization; and
2. $200 for each director of the board
attending each meeting, including the cost of attending the meeting.
(b) The cost associated with a private
club membership shall not be an allowable cost.
(2) Motor vehicles.
(a) An allowable motor vehicle cost shall
1. Limited to cost related to patient
2. Documented sufficiently to support
(b) An allowable cost associated with HHA
facility-owned vehicles and mileage allowances shall be limited to the federal
income tax mileage allowance.
(c) The costs associated with personal
use of a facility-owned motor vehicle shall not be an allowable cost unless the
value of the personal use of the vehicle is:
1. Included in the employee’s W-2
2. Reported on a Form 1099 in accordance
with Internal Revenue Service regulations.
(d) An allowable cost pursuant to
paragraph (c) of this subsection shall be considered compensation to the extent
1. Compensation to an owner does not
exceed the owner’s compensation limits pursuant to Section 11 of this
administrative regulation; and
2. The total compensation package to a
nonowner is reasonable pursuant to 42 C.F.R. 413.9(b).
(3) The cost associated with political
contributions shall not be allowable.
(4) The following legal fees shall not be
(a) A legal fee associated with
unsuccessful lawsuits against the Cabinet for Health and Family Services or the
(b) A legal fee incurred by the provider
in an attempt to block the approval of a certificate of need for another
(c) A legal fee associated with the
acquisition of another HHA;
(d) A legal fee resulting from the
commission of an illegal act by an:
2. HHA’s owner; or
3. HHA’s agent; or
(e) A legal fee unrelated to patient
(5) Legal fees associated with successful
lawsuits against the cabinet shall be limited to inclusion as allowable cost in
1. In which a suit is settled after a
final decision has been issued that the lawsuit is successful;
2. Agreed to by involved parties; or
3. As ordered by the court.
(6) Travel expenses. The cost of travel
expenses shall be limited to:
(a) Activities related to the educational
needs of the:
1. Agency owners;
2. Directors; or
(b) Reasonable and necessary cost
pursuant to 42 C.F.R. 413.9(b) as determined in evaluating the:
1. Number of trips taken;
2. Expense associated with each trip;
3. Number of persons attending each
4. Appropriateness of the training; and
(c) Trips taken within the forty-eight
(48) contiguous United States.
Section 11. Owner’s Compensation Limits.
(1) Compensation to an owner who is not an administrator shall:
(a) Be considered an allowable cost
pursuant to 42 C.F.R. 413.102; and
1. Board of directors’ fees; and
2. Fringe benefits routinely provided to
(2) Compensation of a part-time
owner-employee performing managerial functions shall not exceed the percent of
time worked times eighty (80) percent of the applicable compensation limits for
an owner administrator.
(3) A full-time owner-administrator or
full-time owner-employee who performs nonmanagerial functions in an HHA other
than the HHA with which he is primarily associated shall be limited to:
(a) Reasonable compensation from the
nonprimary agency for not more than fourteen (14) hours per week supported by:
1. The owner’s proof of performance of a
necessary function; and
2. Documentation of time claimed for
(b) A salary from the agency with which
the person is primarily associated.
(4) Managerial functions performed in a
nonprimary agency by a full-time owner-administrator or a full-time
owner-employee of another agency shall not be considered an allowable cost.
(5) Compensation to an
owner-administrator of a rural or urban HHA shall be:
(a) Limited to $60,579 beginning July 1,
(b) Increased on July 1 of each year by
the inflation factor index for wages and salaries of the Home Health Agency
Market Basket of Operating Cost as indicated by the National Forecasts supplied
by Standard and Poor’s, Inc.; and
(c) Published annually through a
notification to all providers to advise of the revised limits for owner’s
compensation to be effective July 1 of each year.
Section 12. Audit Functions. (1) All HHA
provider costs applicable to a Medicaid beneficiary shall be subject to:
(a) Review or audit by the department;
(b) A final retroactive settlement based
upon an adjustment to an HHA provider’s costs reported in a cost report for any
reporting period under review or audit.
(2) The department shall perform a
uniform desk review (UDR) of each provider's annual cost report.
(3) A summary of the UDR shall be used:
(a) To settle the cost report without
(b) To determine the extent to which
audit verification is required.
(4) If indicated by the uniform desk
review, an audit shall be conducted in accordance with the "Government
Section 13. Payment Amounts Effective
July 1, 2002. A participating HHA shall be reimbursed for a home health service
provided in accordance with 907 KAR 1:030 at the lesser of:
(1) The provider's usual and customary
(2) The Medicaid fixed upper payment
limit per unit of service as established in Section 14 of this administrative
Section 14. Fixed Upper Payment Limits. The
following rates shall be the fixed upper payment limits for home health
Fixed Upper Payment Limit
$87.15 per visit
Home Health Aide
$34.13 per visit
$85.05 per visit
$85.05 per visit
$85.05 per visit
Medical Social Service
$68.25 per visit
Section 15. Supplemental Payments to
Licensed County Health Departments. (1) Beginning September 1, 2003, the department
shall make supplemental payment to a licensed county health department home
health agency equal to the difference between:
(a) Payments received for services on or
after November 1, 2002 in accordance with Section 14 of this administrative
(b) The estimated cost of providing
services during the same time period.
(2) Based on a provider’s most recently
submitted annual cost report, estimated costs of providing services shall be
determined by multiplying the cost per unit by the number of units provided
during the period.
(3) If a provider's cost as estimated
from its most recently submitted annual cost report is less than the payments
received under Section 14 of this administrative regulation, the department
shall recoup any excess payments.
Section 16. Reimbursement Review and
Appeal. An HHA may appeal a department decision as to the application of this
administrative regulation as it impacts the provider’s reimbursement in accordance
with 907 KAR 1:671, Sections 8 and 9.
Section 17. Incorporation by Reference.
(1) The following material is incorporated by reference:
(a) The "Annual Medicaid Home
Health/HCB Cost Report", Department for Medicaid Services, May 1991
(b) "The Annual Medicaid Home
Health/HCB Cost Report Instructions", Department for Medicaid Services,
May 1991 edition;
(c) The "Government Auditing
Standards", 1994 edition, as issued by the Comptroller General of the United States;
(d) The "Kentucky Medicaid Medical
Supply Cost Settlement Worksheet", Department for Medicaid Services, June
2003 edition; and
(e) The "Kentucky Medicaid Medical
Supply Cost Settlement Worksheet Instructions", Department for Medicaid
Services, June 2003 edition.
(2) This material may be inspected,
copied, or obtained, subject to applicable copyright law, at the Department for
Medicaid Services, 275 East Main Street, Frankfort, Kentucky 40621,
Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. (Recodified from 904 KAR 1:031,
5-2-86; Am. 13 Ky.R. 380; eff. 9-4-86; 14 Ky.R. 301; eff. 9-10-87; 15 Ky.R.
678; eff. 9-21-88; 16 Ky.R. 270; eff. 9-20-89; 1511; eff. 3-8-90; 17 Ky.R. 562;
eff. 10-14-90; 18 Ky.R. 539; eff. 10-6-91; 19 Ky.R. 2148; eff. 6-7-93; 20 Ky.R.
447; eff. 10-13-93; 26 Ky.R. 1248; 1567; eff. 2-1-2000; 29 Ky.R. 1128; 1648;
eff. 12-18-02; 30 Ky.R. 727; 1527; eff. 1-5-04; 32 Ky.R. 401; 681; eff.
10-14-05; 33 Ky.R. 589; 1556; eff. 1-5-07.)