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§5-20.8-2  Disclosure requirements. –

Published: 2015

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Businesses and Professions

CHAPTER 5-20.8

Real Estate Sales Disclosures

SECTION 5-20.8-2

   § 5-20.8-2  Disclosure requirements. –

(a) As soon as practicable, but in any event no later than prior to signing any

agreement to transfer real estate, the seller of the real estate shall deliver

a written disclosure to the buyer and to each agent with whom the seller knows

he or she or the buyer has dealt in connection with the real estate. The

written disclosure shall comply with the requirements set forth in subsection

(b) of this section and shall state all deficient conditions of which the

seller has actual knowledge. The agent shall not communicate the offer of the

buyer until the buyer has received a copy of the written disclosure and signed

a written receipt of the disclosure. If the buyer refuses to sign a receipt

pursuant to this section, the seller or agent shall immediately sign and date a

written account of the refusal. The agent is not liable for the accuracy or

thoroughness of representations made by the seller in the written disclosure or

for deficient conditions not disclosed to the agent by the seller.

   (b)(1) The Rhode Island real estate commission may approve a

form of written disclosure as required under this chapter or the seller may use

a disclosure form substantially conforming to the requirements of this section.

The following provisions shall appear conspicuously at the top of any written

disclosure form: "Prior to the signing of an agreement to transfer real estate

(vacant land or real property and improvements consisting of a house or

building containing one to four (4) dwelling units), the seller is providing

the buyer with this written disclosure of all deficient conditions of which the

seller has knowledge. This is not a warranty by the seller that no other

defective conditions exist, which there may or may not be. The buyer should

estimate the cost of repair or replacement of deficient conditions prior to

submitting an offer on this real estate. The buyer is advised not to rely

solely upon the representation of the seller made in this disclosure, but to

conduct any inspections or investigations which the buyer deems to be necessary

to protect his or her best interest." Nothing contained in this section shall

be construed to impose an affirmative duty on the seller to conduct inspections

as to the condition of this real estate.

   (2) The disclosure form shall include the following


   (i) Seller Occupancy – (Length of Occupancy)

   (ii) Year Built

   (iii) Basement – (Seepage, Leaks, Cracks, etc. Defects)

   (iv) Sump Pump – (Operational, Location, and Defects)

   (v) Roof (Layers, Age and Defects)

   (vi) Fireplaces – (Number, Working and Maintenance,


   (vii) Chimney – (Maintenance History, Defects)

   (viii) Woodburning Stove – (Installation Date, Permit

Received, Defects)

   (ix) Structural Conditions – (Defects)

   (x) Insulation – (Wall, Ceiling, Floor, UFFI)

   (xi) Termites or other Pests – (Treatment Company)

   (xii) Radon – (Test, Company) "Radon has been determined

to exist in the State of Rhode Island. Testing for the presence of radon in

residential real estate prior to purchase is advisable."

   (xiii) Electrical Service – (Imp. & Repairs, Electrical

Service, Amps, Defects)

   (xiv) Heating System – (Type, Imp. & Repairs,

Underground Tanks, Zones, Supplemental Heating, Defects)

   (xv) Air Conditioning – (Imp. & Repairs, Type, Defects)

   (xvi) Plumbing – (Imp. & Repairs, Defects)

   (xvii) Sewage System – (Assessment, Annual Fees, Type,

Cesspool/Septic Location, Last Pumped, Maintenance History, Defects)

   "Potential purchasers of real estate in the state of Rhode

Island are hereby notified that many properties in the state are still serviced

by cesspools as defined in Rhode Island general law chapter 23-19.15 (The Rhode

Island Cesspool Phase-Out Act of 2007). Cesspools are a substandard and

inadequate means of sewage treatment and disposal, and cesspools often

contribute to groundwater and surface water contamination. Requirements for

abandonment and replacement of high-risk cesspools as established in Rhode

Island general law Chapter 23-19.15 are primarily based upon a cesspool's

non-treatment of wastewater and the inherent risks to public health and the

environment due to a cesspool's distance from a tidal water area, or a public

drinking water resource. Purchasers should consult Rhode Island general law

chapter 23-19.15 for specific cesspool abandonment or replacement requirements.

An inspection of property served by an on-site sewage system by a qualified

professional is recommended prior to purchase. Pursuant to Rhode Island general

law § 5-20.8-13, potential purchasers shall be permitted a ten (10) day

period to conduct an inspection of a property's sewage system to determine if a

cesspool exists, and if so, whether it will be subject to the phase-out

requirements as established in Rhode Island general law chapter 23-19.15.

   (xviii) Water System – (Imp. & Repairs, Type, Defects)

Private water supply (well). "The buyer understands that this property is, or

will be served, by a private water supply (well) which may be susceptible to

contamination and potentially harmful to health. If a public water supply is

not available, the private water supply must be tested in accordance with

regulations established by the Rhode Island department of health pursuant to

§ 23-1-5.3. The seller of that property is required to provide the buyer

with a copy of any previous private water supply (well) testing results in the

seller's possession and notify the buyer of any known problems with the private

water supply (well)."

   (xix) Domestic Hot Water – (Imp. & Repairs, Type,

Defects, Capacity of Tank)

   (xx) Property Tax

   (xxi) Easements and Encroachments – The seller of that

real estate is required to provide the buyer with a copy of any previous

surveys of the real estate that are in the seller's possession and notify the

buyer of any known easements, encroachments, covenants or restrictions of the

seller's real estate. If the seller knows that the real estate has a

conservation easement or other conservation or preservation restriction as

defined in § 34-39-1 of the general laws, the seller is required to

disclose said information and provide the buyer with a copy of any

documentation in the seller's possession regarding the conservation and

preservation restrictions. A buyer may wish to have a boundary or other survey

independently performed at his or her own expense.

   (xxii) Deed – (Type, Number of Parcels)

   (xxiii) Zoning – (Permitted use, Classification) "Buyers

of real estate in the state of Rhode Island are legally obligated to comply

with all local real estate ordinances; including, but not limited to,

ordinances on the number of unrelated persons who may legally reside in a

dwelling, as well as ordinances on the number of dwelling units permitted under

the local zoning ordinances." If the subject property is located in a historic

district, that fact must be disclosed to the buyer, together with the

notification that "property located in a historic district may be subject to

construction, expansion or renovation limitations. Contact the local building

inspection official for details."

   (xxiv) Restrictions – (Plat or Other)

   (xxv) Building Permits

   (xxvi) Minimum Housing – (Violations)

   (xxvii) Flood Plain – (Flood Insurance)

   (xxviii) Wetlands – The location of coastal wetlands,

bay, fresh water wetlands, pond, marsh, river bank or swamp, as those terms are

defined in chapter 1 of title 2 and the associated buffer areas may impact

future property development. The seller must disclose to the buyer any such

determination on all or part of the land made by the department of

environmental management.

   (xxix) Multi-family or other Rental Property – (Rental


   (xxx) Pools & Equipment – (Type, Defects)

   (xxxi) Lead Paint – (Inspection) Every buyer of

residential real estate built prior to 1978 is hereby notified that those

properties may have lead exposures that may place young children at risk of

developing lead poisoning. Lead poisoning in young children may produce

permanent neurological damage, including learning disabilities, reduced IQ

behavioral problems, and impaired memory. The seller of that property is

required to provide the buyer with a copy of any lead inspection report in the

seller's possession and notify the buyer of any known lead poisoning problem.

Environmental lead inspection is recommended prior to purchase.

   (xxxii) Fire

   (xxxiii) Hazardous Waste – (Asbestos and Other


   (xxxiv) Miscellaneous

   (xxxv) Farms – The disclosure shall inform the buyer

that any farm(s) that may be in the municipality are protected by the right to

farm law.

   (c) Any agreement to transfer real estate shall contain an

acknowledgement that a completed real estate disclosure form has been provided

to the buyer by the seller in accordance with the provisions of this section.

   (d) The Rhode Island real estate commission has the right to

amend the seller disclosure requirements by adding or deleting requirements

when there is a determination that health, safety, or legal needs require a

change. Any change to requirements shall be a rule change, subject to the

Administrative Procedures Act, chapter 35 of title 42. The power of the

commission to amend the written disclosure requirements shall be liberally

construed so as to allow additional information to be provided as to the

structural components, housing systems, and other property information as

required by this chapter.

History of Section.

(P.L. 1992, ch. 425, § 1; P.L. 1993, ch. 397, § 4; P.L. 1999, ch.

419, § 1; P.L. 2002, ch. 161, § 2; P.L. 2002, ch. 162, § 2; P.L.

2004, ch. 313, § 1; P.L. 2004, ch. 600, § 1; P.L. 2007, ch. 136,

§ 2; P.L. 2007, ch. 233, § 2; P.L. 2008, ch. 58, § 1; P.L. 2008,

ch. 252, § 1; P.L. 2009, ch. 249, § 1; P.L. 2009, ch. 264, §