Division 232


Published: 2015

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The Oregon Administrative Rules contain OARs filed through November 15, 2015

 

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DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY

 
DIVISION 232

EMISSION STANDARDS FOR VOC
POINT SOURCES
NOTE: These rules are included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan as adopted by the EQC under OAR
340-200-0040.
340-232-0010
Introduction
(1) This division regulates sources
of VOC which contribute to the formation of photochemical oxidant, mainly ozone.
(2) Since ozone standards
are not violated in Oregon from October through April because of insufficient solar
energy, natural gas-fired afterburners may be permitted, on a case-by-case basis,
to lay idle during the winter months.
(3) Sources regulated by
this division are new and existing sources located in the Portland and Medford AQMAs
and in Salem-Keizer in the SKATS and listed in subsections (a) through (q) below:
(a) Bulk gasoline plants
including transfer of gasoline;
(b) Gasoline delivery vessels;
(c) Bulk gasoline terminals
including truck and trailer loading;
(d) Testing vapor transfer
and collection systems;
(e) Loading gasoline and
volatile organic liquids onto marine tank vessels;
(f) Cutback and emulsified
asphalt;
(g) Petroleum refineries;
(h) Petroleum refinery leaks;
(i) VOC liquid storage;
(j) Surface coating in manufacturing;
(k) Aerospace component coating
operations;
(l) Degreasers;
(m) Open top vapor degreasers;
(n) Conveyorized degreasers;
(o) Asphaltic and coal tar
pitch used for roofing coating;
(p) Flat wood coating; and
(q) Rotogravure and flexographic
printing.
(4) Emissions units not covered
by the source categories listed in section (3) which emit or have the potential
to emit over 100 tons of VOC per year before add-on controls are subject to OAR
340-232-0040.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020 & 468A.025
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
Hist.: DEQ 21-1978, f. &
ef. 12-28-78; DEQ 17-1979, f. & ef. 6-22-79; DEQ 23-1980, f. & ef. 9-26-80;
DEQ 3-1986, f. & ef. 2-12-86; DEQ 8-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-16-91; DEQ 4-1993,
f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 20-1998, f. & cert. ef. 10-12-98; DEQ 14-1999,
f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0100; DEQ 15-2001, f. &
cert. ef. 12-26-01; DEQ 3-2007, f. & cert. ef. 4-12-07; DEQ 8-2007, f. &
cert. ef. 11-8-07; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0020
Applicability
(1) All new and existing sources inside
the following areas must comply with the applicable requirements in this division:
(a) Portland-Vancouver Air
Quality Maintenance Area;
(b) Medford-Ashland Air Quality
Maintenance Area;
(c) Salem-Keizer Area Transportation
Study (SKATS) Area.
(2) VOC sources located outside
the areas cited in section (1) are exempt from the requirements in this division.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020 & 468A.025
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
Hist.: DEQ 21-1978, f. &
ef. 12-28-78; DEQ 17-1979, f. & ef. 6-22-79; DEQ 23-1980, f. & ef. 9-26-80;
DEQ 3-1986, f. & ef. 2-12-86; DEQ 8-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-16-91; DEQ 4-1993,
f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 13-1995, f. & cert. ef. 5-25-95; DEQ 7-1997(Temp),
f. & cert. ef. 4-28-97; DEQ 20-1998, f. & cert. ef. 10-12-98; DEQ 14-1999,
f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0104; DEQ 3-2007, f. &
cert. ef. 4-12-07; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0030
Definitions
The definitions in OAR 340-200-0020,
340-204-0010 and this rule apply to this division. If the same term is defined in
this rule and 340-200-0020 or 340-204-0010, the definition in this rule applies
to this division.
(1) "Aerospace component"
means the fabricated part, assembly of parts, or completed unit of any aircraft,
helicopter, missile or space vehicle.
(2) "Air dried coating" means
coatings which are dried by the use of air at ambient temperature.
(3) "Applicator" means a
device used in a coating line to apply coating.
(4) "Bulk gasoline plant"
means a gasoline storage and distribution facility which receives gasoline from
bulk terminals by railroad car or trailer transport, stores it in tanks, and subsequently
dispenses it via account trucks to local farms, businesses, and gasoline dispensing
facilities.
(5) "Bulk gasoline terminal"
means a gasoline storage facility which receives gasoline from refineries primarily
by pipeline, ship, or barge, and delivers gasoline to bulk gasoline plants or to
commercial or retail accounts primarily by tank truck.
(6) "Can coating" means any
coating applied by spray, roller, or other means to the inside and/or outside surfaces
of metal cans, drums, pails, or lids.
(7) "Carbon bed breakthrough"
means the initial indication of depleted adsorption capacity characterized by a
sudden measurable increase in VOC concentration exiting a carbon adsorption bed
or column.
(8) "Certified storage device"
means vapor recovery equipment for gasoline storage tanks as certified by the State
of California Air Resources Board Executive Orders, copies of which are on file
with DEQ, or which has been certified by other air pollution control agencies and
approved by DEQ.
(9) "Class II hardboard paneling
finish" means finishers which meet the specifications of Voluntary Product Standard
PS-59-73 as approved by the American National Standards Institute.
(10) "Clear coat" means a
coating which lacks color and opacity or is transparent and uses the undercoat as
a reflectant base or undertone color.
(11) "Coating" means a material
applied to a surface which forms a continuous film and is used for protective and/or
decorative purposes.
(12) "Coating line" means
one or more apparatus or operations which include a coating applicator, flash-off
area, and oven or drying station wherein a surface coating is applied, dried, and/or
cured.
(13) "Condensate" means hydrocarbon
liquid separated from natural gas which condenses due to changes in the temperature
and/or pressure and remains liquid at standard conditions.
(14) "Crude oil" means a
naturally occurring mixture which consists of hydrocarbons and/or sulfur, nitrogen,
and/or oxygen derivatives of hydrocarbons and which is a liquid at standard conditions.
(15) "Custody transfer" means
the transfer of produced petroleum and/or condensate after processing and/or treating
in the producing operations, from storage tanks or automatic transfer facilities
to pipelines or any other forms of transportation.
(16) "Cutback asphalt" means
a mixture of a base asphalt with a solvent such as gasoline, naphtha, or kerosene.
Cutback asphalts are rapid, medium, or slow curing (known as RC, MC, SC), as defined
in ASTM D2399.
(17) "Delivery vessel" means
any tank truck or trailer used for the transport of gasoline from sources of supply
to stationary storage tanks.
(18) "External floating roof"
means a cover over an open top storage tank consisting of a double deck or pontoon
single deck which rests upon and is supported by the volatile organic liquid being
contained, and is equipped with a closure seal or seals to close the space between
the roof edge and tank shell.
(19) "Extreme performance
coatings" means coatings designed for extreme environmental conditions such as exposure
to any one of the following: continuous ambient weather conditions, temperature
consistently above 95°C, detergents, abrasive and scouring agents, solvents,
corrosive atmosphere, or similar environmental conditions.
(20) "Extreme performance
interior topcoat" means a topcoat used in interior spaces of aircraft areas requiring
a fluid, stain or nicotine barrier.
(21) "Fabric coating" means
any coating applied on textile fabric. Fabric coating includes the application of
coatings by impregnation.
(22) "Flexographic printing"
means the application of words, designs and pictures to a substrate by means of
a roll printing technique in which the pattern to be applied is raised above the
printing roll and the image carrier is made of rubber or other elastomeric materials.
(23) "Freeboard ratio" means
the freeboard height divided by the width (not length) of the degreaser's air/solvent
area.
(24) "Forced air dried coating"
means a coating which is dried by the use of warm air at temperatures up to 90°C
(194°F).
(25) "Gas freed" means a
marine vessel's cargo tank has been certified by a Marine Chemist as "Safe for Workers"
according to the requirements outlined in the National Fire Protection Association
Rule 306.
(26) "Gasoline" means any
petroleum distillate having a Reid vapor pressure of 27.6 kPa (4.0 psi) or greater
which is used to fuel internal combustion engines.
(27) "Gasoline dispensing
facility" means any site where gasoline is dispensed to motor vehicle, boat, or
airplane gasoline tanks from stationary storage tanks.
(28) "Gaseous service" means
equipment which processes, transfers or contains a VOC or mixture of VOCs in the
gaseous phase.
(29) "Hardwood plywood" is
plywood whose surface layer is a veneer of hardwood.
(30) "High performance architectural
coating" means coatings applied to aluminum panels and moldings being coated away
from the place of installation.
(31) "Internal floating roof"
means a cover or roof in a fixed roof tank which rests upon or is floating upon
the petroleum liquid being contained, and is equipped with a closure seal or seals
to close the space between the roof edge and tank shell.
(32) "Large appliance" means
any residential and commercial washers, dryers, ranges, refrigerators, freezers,
water heaters, dish washers, trash compactors, air conditioners, and other similar
products.
(33) "Leaking component"
means any petroleum refinery source which has a VOC concentration exceeding 10,000
parts per million (ppm) when tested in the manner described in method 31 and 33
on file with DEQ. These sources include, but are not limited to, pumping seals,
compressor seals, seal oil degassing vents, pipeline valves, flanges and other connections,
pressure relief devices, process drains, and open-ended pipes. Excluded from these
sources are valves which are not externally regulated.
(34) "Lightering" means the
transfer of a liquid product identified in OAR 340-232-0110(1)(a) or (1)(b), as
applicable, into a cargo tank from one marine tank vessel to another.
(35) "Liquid-mounted" means
a primary seal mounted so the bottom of the seal covers the liquid surface between
the tank shell and the floating roof.
(36) "Liquid service" means
equipment which processes, transfers or contains a VOC or mixture of VOCs in the
liquid phase.
(37) "Loading event" means
the loading or lightering of a liquid product identified in OAR 340-232-0110(1)(a)
or (1)(b), as applicable, into a marine tank vessel's cargo tank, or the loading
of any product into a marine tank vessel's cargo tank where the prior cargo was
a liquid product identified in OAR 340-232-0110(1)(a) or (1)(b), as applicable.
The event begins with the connection of a marine tank vessel to a storage or cargo
tank by means of piping or hoses for the transfer of a fuel product from the storage
or cargo tank into the receiving marine tank vessel. The event ends with disconnection
of the pipes and/or hoses upon completion of the loading process.
(38) "Marine tank vessel"
means any marine vessel constructed or converted to carry liquid bulk cargo that
transports a liquid product identified in OAR 340-232-0110(1)(a) or (1)(b), as applicable.
(39) "Marine terminal" means
any facility or structure used to load or unload any fuel product cargo into or
from marine tank vessels.
(40) "Marine vessel" means
any tugboat, tanker, freighter, passenger ship, barge or other boat, ship or watercraft.
(41) "Maskant for chemical
processing" means a coating applied directly to an aerospace component to protect
surface areas when chemical milling, anodizing, aging, bonding, plating, etching
and/or performing other chemical operations on the surface of the component.
(42) "Miscellaneous metal
parts and products" means any metal part or metal product, even if attached to or
combined with a nonmetal part or product, except cans, coils, metal furniture, large
appliances, magnet wires, automobiles, ships, and airplane bodies.
(43) "Natural finish hardwood
plywood panels" means panels whose original grain pattern is enhanced by essentially
transparent finishes frequently supplemented by fillers and toners.
(44) "Operator" means any
person who leases, operates, controls, or supervises a facility at which gasoline
is dispensed.
(45) "Oven dried" means a
coating or ink which is dried, baked, cured, or polymerized at temperatures over
90°C (194°F).
(46) "Packaging rotogravure
printing" means rotogravure printing upon paper, paper board, metal foil, plastic
film, and other substrates, which are, in subsequent operations, formed into packaging
products and labels for articles to be sold.
(47) "Paper coating" means
any coating applied on paper, plastic film, or metallic foil to make certain products,
including but not limited to adhesive tapes and labels, book covers, post cards,
office copier paper, drafting paper, or pressure sensitive tapes. Paper coating
includes the application of coatings by impregnation and/or saturation.
(48) "Petroleum refinery"
means any facility engaged in producing gasoline, aromatics, kerosene, distillate
fuel oils, residual fuel oils, lubricants, asphalt, or other products through distillation
of petroleum, crude oil, or through redistillation, cracking, or reforming of unfinished
petroleum derivatives. "Petroleum refinery" does not mean a re-refinery of used
motor oils or other waste chemicals. "Petroleum refinery" does not include asphalt
blowing or separation of products shipped together.
(49) "Pretreatment wash primer"
means a coating which contains a minimum of 0.5% acid by weight for surface etching
and is applied directly to bare metal surfaces to provide corrosion resistance and
adhesion.
(50) "Prime coat" means the
first of two or more films of coating applied in an operation.
(51) "Printed interior panels"
means panels whose grain or natural surface is obscured by fillers and basecoats
upon which a simulated grain or decorative pattern is printed.
(52) "Printing" means the
formation of words, designs and pictures, usually by a series of application rolls
each with only partial coverage.
(53) "Publication rotogravure
printing" means rotogravure printing upon paper which is subsequently formed into
books, magazines, catalogues, brochures, directories, newspaper supplements, and
other types of printed materials.
(54) "Reasonably available
control technology" or "RACT" means the lowest emission limitation that a particular
source or source category is capable of meeting by the application of control technology
that is reasonably available considering technological and economic feasibility.
(55) "Roll printing" means
the application of words, designs and pictures to a substrate by means of hard rubber
or steel rolls.
(56) "Sealant" means a coating
applied for the purpose of filing voids and providing a barrier against penetration
of water, fuel or other fluids or vapors.
(57) "Specialty printing"
means all gravure and flexographic operations which print a design or image, excluding
publication gravure and packaging printing. Specialty Printing includes printing
on paper plates and cups, patterned gift wrap, wallpaper, and floor coverings.
(58) "Submerged fill" means
any fill pipe or hose, the discharge opening of which is entirely submerged when
the liquid is 6 inches above the bottom of the tank; or when applied to a tank which
is loaded from the side, means any fill pipe, the discharge of which is entirely
submerged when the liquid level is 18 inches, or is twice the diameter of the fill
pipe, whichever is greater, above the bottom of the tank.
(59) "Thirty-day rolling
average" means any value arithmetically averaged over any consecutive thirty days.
(60) "Tileboard" means paneling
that has a colored waterproof surface coating.
(61) "Topcoat" means a coating
applied over a primer or intermediate coating for purposes such as appearance, identification
or protection.
(62) "True vapor pressure"
means the equilibrium pressure exerted by a petroleum liquid as determined in accordance
with methods described in American Petroleum Institute Bulletin 2517, "Evaporation
Loss from Floating Roof Tanks," February, 1980.
(63) "Vapor balance system"
means a combination of pipes or hoses which create a closed system between the vapor
spaces of an unloading tank and a receiving tank such that vapors displaced from
the receiving tank are transferred to the tank being unloaded.
(64) "Vapor-mounted" means
a primary seal mounted so there is an annular vapor space underneath the seal. The
annular vapor space is bounded by the primary seal, the tank shell, the liquid surface,
and the floating roof.
(65) "Vapor tight" means,
as used in OAR 340-232-0110, a condition that exists when the concentration of a
VOC, measured one centimeter from any source, does not exceed 10,000 ppm (expressed
as methane) above background.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020 & 468A.025
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
Hist.: DEQ 21-1978, f. &
ef. 12-28-78; DEQ 17-1979, f. & ef. 6-22-79; DEQ 23-1980, f. & ef. 9-26-80;
DEQ 3-1986, f. & ef. 2-12-86; DEQ 8-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-16-91; DEQ 4-1993,
f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 13-1995, f. & cert. ef. 5-25-95; DEQ 6-1996,
f. & cert. ef. 3-29-96; DEQ 9-1997, f. & cert. ef. 5-9-97; DEQ 20-1998,
f. & cert. ef. 10-12-98; DEQ 6-1999, f. & cert. ef. 5-21-99; DEQ 14-1999,
f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0102; DEQ 2-2000, f. 2-17-00,
cert. ef. 6-1-01; DEQ 15-2001, f. & cert. ef. 12-26-01; DEQ 7-2015, f. &
cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0040
General Non-Categorical Requirements
(1) All existing sources operating prior
to November 15, 1990, located inside the areas cited in OAR 340-232-0020(1)(a) or
(1)(c), containing emissions units or devices for which no categorical RACT requirements
exist and which have potential emissions before add-on controls of over 100 tons
per year of VOC from aggregated, non-regulated emission units, must have RACT requirements
developed on a case-by-case basis by DEQ. Sources that have complied with NSR requirements
per OAR 340 division 224 and are subject to Best Available Control Technology (BACT)
or Lowest Achievable Emission Rate (LAER) requirements are presumed to have met
RACT requirements. A source may request RACT not be applied by demonstrating to
DEQ that its potential emissions before add-on controls are less than 100 tons per
year. Once a source becomes subject to RACT requirements under this section, it
will continue to be subject to RACT, unless VOC emissions fall less than 100 tons
per year and the source requests that RACT be removed, by demonstrating to DEQ that
their potential VOC emissions before add-on controls are below 100 tons per year.
(2) Within 3 months of written
notification by DEQ of the applicability of this rule, or, for good cause shown,
up to an additional three months as approved by DEQ, the source must submit to DEQ
a complete analysis of RACT for each category of emissions unit at the source, taking
into account technical and economic feasibility of available control technology,
and the emission reductions each technology would provide. This analysis does not
need to include any emissions units subject to a specific categorical RACT requirement
under this division. These RACT requirements approved by DEQ will be incorporated
in the source's Air Contaminant Discharge Permit, and will be effective upon approval
by EPA as a source specific SIP revision. The source must comply with the applicable
RACT requirements beginning one year from the date of notification by DEQ of EPA
approval.
(3) Failure by a source to
submit a RACT analysis required by section (2) does not excuse the source from the
obligation to comply with a RACT determination established by DEQ.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020 & 468A.025
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
Hist.: DEQ 21-1978, f. &
ef. 12-28-78; DEQ 17-1979, f. & ef. 6-22-79; DEQ 23-1980, f. & ef. 9-26-80;
DEQ 3-1986, f. & ef. 2-12-86; DEQ 8-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-16-91; DEQ 4-1993,
f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 13-1995, f. & cert. ef. 5-25-95; DEQ 7-1997(Temp),
f. & cert. ef. 4-28-97; DEQ 20-1998, f. & cert. ef. 10-12-98; DEQ 14-1999,
f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0104; DEQ 7-2015, f. &
cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0050
Exemptions
Natural gas-fired afterburners needed
to comply with this division shall be operated during the months of May, June, July,
August, and September. During other months, the afterburners may be turned off with
prior written DEQ approval, provided that the operation of such devices is not required
for purposes of occupational health or safety, or for the control of toxic substances,
malodors, or other regulated pollutants, or for complying with visual air contaminant
limitations.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020 & 468A.025
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
Hist.: DEQ 21-1978, f. &
ef. 12-28-78; DEQ 17-1979, f. & ef. 6-22-79; DEQ 23-1980, f. & ef. 9-26-80;
DEQ 3-1986, f. & ef. 2-12-86; DEQ 4-1993, f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 20-1998,
f. & cert. ef. 10-12-98; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered
from 340-022-0106; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0060
Compliance Determination
(1) Certification and test procedures
required by this division must be conducted using the DEQ Source Sampling Manual.
(2) DEQ approval by of alternative
methods for demonstrating compliance where specified and allowed in this division,
including approval of equivalent testing methods for determining compliance, is
subject to review and approval by EPA.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
[Publications: Publications referenced
are available from the agency.]
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020
& 468A.025
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
Hist.: DEQ 21-1978, f. &
ef. 12-28-78; DEQ 17-1979, f. & ef. 6-22-79; Renumbered from 340-022-0106(3)
& (4); DEQ 23-1980, f. & ef. 9-26-80; DEQ 12-1981(Temp), f. & ef. 4-29-81;
DEQ 3-1986, f. & ef. 2-12-86; DEQ 8-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-16-91; DEQ 4-1993,
f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 20-1998, f. & cert. ef. 10-12-98; DEQ 14-1999,
f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0107; DEQ 7-2015, f. &
cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0080
Bulk Gasoline Plants Including Transfer
of Gasoline
(1) No person may transfer or allow
the transfer of gasoline to or from a bulk gasoline plant unless:
(a) Each stationary storage
tank uses submerged fill when transferring gasoline; and
(b) The displaced vapors
from filling each tank are prevented from being released to the atmosphere through
use of a vapor tight vapor balance system. All equipment associated with the vapor
balance system must be maintained to be vapor tight and in good working order.
(2) Each stationary gasoline
storage tank may release vapor to the atmosphere through a pressure relief valve
set to release at the highest possible pressure in accordance with state or local
fire codes, or the National Fire Prevention Association guidelines and no less than
3.4 kPa (0.50 psi).
(3) Gasoline must be handled
in a manner to prevent spillage, discharging into sewers, storage in open containers,
or handled in any other manner that would result in evaporation. If more than five
gallons are spilled, the operator must report the spillage in accordance with OAR
340-214-0300 to 340-214-0350.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020, 468A.025 &
468A.050
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
& 468A.050
Hist.: DEQ 21-1978, f. &
ef. 12-28-78; DEQ 17-1979, f. & ef. 6-22-79; DEQ 23-1980, f. & ef. 9-26-80;
DEQ 12-1981(Temp), f. & ef. 4-29-81; DEQ 3-1986, f. & ef. 2-12-86; DEQ 8-1991,
f. & cert. ef. 5-16-91; DEQ 4-1993, f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 20-1998,
f. & cert. ef. 10-12-98; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered
from 340-022-0120; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0085
Gasoline Delivery Vessel(s)
(1) No person may transfer or allow
the transfer of gasoline to a delivery vessel from a bulk gasoline terminal; or
a bulk gasoline plant, with a daily throughput of 4,000 or more gallons based on
a 30-day rolling average, located in the Portland-Vancouver AQMA, unless:
(a) Each delivery vessel
uses submerged fill when receiving gasoline; and
(b) The displaced vapors
from filling each tank are prevented from being released to the atmosphere through
use of a vapor tight vapor balance system. All equipment associated with the vapor
balance system must be maintained to be vapor tight and in good working order.
(2) Gasoline must be handled
in a manner to prevent spillage, discharge into sewers, storage in open containers,
or handled in any other manner that would result in evaporation. If more than five
gallons are spilled, the operator must report the spillage in accordance with OAR
340-214-0300 to 340-214-0350.
(3) Compliance with subsection
(1)(a) and section (2) must be determined by visual inspection to ensure minimal
spillage of gasoline and proper installation of bottom loading couples.
(4) Compliance with subsection
(1)(b) must be determined by verification of use of equipment approved by DEQ and/or
by testing and monitoring in accordance with applicable portions of OAR 340-232-0100
and/or Method 31 and/or 32 on file with DEQ.
(5) The owner or operator
of a gasoline delivery vessel must maintain the vessel to be vapor tight at all
times, in accordance with OAR 340- 232-0100(1), if such vessel is part of a vapor
balance system required by subsection (1)(b).
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020, 468A.025,
468A.050 & 468A.070
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025,
468A.050 & 468A.070
Hist.: DEQ 20-1998, f. &
cert. ef. 10-12-98; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0125;
DEQ 4-2013, f. & cert. ef. 3-27-13; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0090
Bulk Gasoline Terminals Including
Truck and Trailer Loading
(1) No terminal owner or operator, may
allow VOCs to be emitted into the atmosphere in excess of 80 milligrams of VOC per
liter of gasoline loaded from the operation of loading truck tanks, and truck trailers
at bulk gasoline terminals with a daily throughputs of greater than 76,000 liters
(20,000 gallons) per day of gasoline, determined by a thirty-day rolling average:
(a) The owner or operator
of a gasoline loading terminal must only allow the transfer of gasoline between
the facility and a truck tank or a truck trailer when a current leak test certification
for the delivery vessel is on file with the terminal or a valid permit as required
by OAR 340-232-0100(1)(c) is displayed on the delivery vessel;
(b) The owner or operator
of a truck tank or a truck trailer must not make any connection to the terminal's
gasoline loading rack unless the gasoline delivery vessel has been tested in accordance
with OAR 340-232-0100(1);
(c) The truck driver or other
operator who fills a delivery truck tank and/or trailer tank must not take on a
load of gasoline unless the vapor return hose is properly connected;
(d) All equipment associated
with the vapor balance system must be maintained to be vapor tight and in good working
order.
(2) Compliance with section
(1) must be determined by testing in accordance with Method 33 on file with DEQ.
The method for determining compliance with section (1) are delineated in 40 CFR
part 60, subpart XX, §60.503.
(3) Bulk Gasoline terminals
must comply with the following within the limits of section (1):
(a) All displaced vapors
and gases during tank truck gasoline loading operations must be vented only to the
vapor control system;
(b) The loading device must
not leak when in use. The loading device must be designed and operated to allow
no more than 10 cubic centimeters drainage per disconnect on the basis of 5 consecutive
disconnects;
(c) All loading liquid lines
must be equipped with fittings which make vapor-tight connections and which close
automatically and immediately when disconnected;
(d) All vapor lines must
be equipped with fittings which make vapor-tight connections and which close automatically
and immediately when disconnected or which contain vapor tight unidirectional valves;
(e) Gasoline must be handled
in a manner to prevent its being discarded in sewers or stored in open containers
or handled in any manner that would result in evaporation. If more than 5 gallons
are spilled, the operator must report the spillage in accordance with OAR 340-214-0300
through 340-214-0350;
(f) The vapor balance system
must be operated in a manner to prevent the pressure therein from exceeding the
tank truck or trailer pressure relief settings.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020, 468A.025,
468A.050 & 468A.070
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025,
468A.050 & 468A.070
Hist.: DEQ 21-1978, f. &
ef. 12-28-78; DEQ 17-1979, f. & ef. 6-22-79; DEQ 23-1980, f. & ef. 9-26-80;
DEQ 12-1981(Temp), f. & ef. 4-29-81; DEQ 3-1986, f. & ef. 2-12-86; DEQ 8-1991,
f. & cert. ef. 5-16-91, Sections (2) and (3) renumbered from 340-022-0133 and
340-022-0136; DEQ 4-1993, f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 25-1994, f. & cert.
ef. 11-22-94; DEQ 26-1995, f. & cert. ef. 12-6-95; DEQ 20-1998, f. & cert.
ef. 10-12-98; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0130;
DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0100
Testing Vapor Transfer and Collection
Systems
(1) No person may allow a vapor-laden
delivery vessel subject to OAR 340-232-0080(5) to be filled or emptied unless the
delivery vessel:
(a) Is tested annually according
to the test Method 32 on file with DEQ, or CFR part 60, EPA Method 21 or 27, or
California Air Resources Board Method 2-5;
(b) Sustains a pressure change
of no more than 750 pascals (3 inches of H2O) in five minutes when pressurized to
a gauge pressure of 4,500 pascals (18 inches of H2O) or evacuated to a gauge pressure
of 1,500 pascals (6 inches of H2O) during the testing required in subsection (1)(a);
and
(c) Displays a valid permit
near the Department of Transportation test date markings required by 49 CFR 177.824h,
which:
(A) Shows the year and month
that the gasoline tank truck last passed the test required in subsections (1)(a)
and (b);
(B) Shows the identification
of the permit; and
(C) Expires not more than
one year from the date of the leak-test test, or if tested in California, on the
expiration date so specified.
(d) Has its vapor return
hose connected by the truck operator so that gasoline vapor is not expelled to the
atmosphere.
(2) The owner or operator
of a vapor collection system subject to this regulation must design and operate
the vapor collection system and the gasoline loading equipment in a manner that
prevents:
(a) Gauge pressure from exceeding
4,500 pascals (18 inches of H2O) and vacuum from exceeding 1,500 pascals (6 inches
of H2O) in the gasoline tank truck being loaded;
(b) A reading equal to or
greater than 100 percent of the lower explosive limit (LEL, measured as propane)
at 2.5 centimeters from all points on the perimeter of a potential leak source when
measured by the Method 31 and 33 on file with DEQ, or unloading operations at gasoline
dispensing facilities, bulk plants and bulk terminals; and
(c) Visible liquid leaks
during loading or unloading operations at gasoline dispensing facilities, bulk plants
and bulk terminals.
(3) DEQ may, at any time,
monitor a gasoline tank truck, vapor collection system, or vapor control system,
by the methods on file with DEQ, to confirm continuing compliance with section (1)
or (2).
(4) Recordkeeping and Reporting:
(a) The owner or operator
of a source of VOCs subject to this rule must maintain records of all certification
testing and repairs. The records must identify the gasoline tank truck, vapor collection
system, or vapor control system; the date of the test or repair; and if applicable,
the type of repair and the date of retest. The records must be maintained in a legible,
readily available condition for at least two years after the date of testing or
repair was completed;
(b) Copies of all records
and reports under subsection (4)(a) must be submitted to DEQ within 30 days of certification
testing.
(c) Persons applying for
a permit required by this rule must at the time of application pay a fee of $25.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020, 468A.025,
468A.050 & 468A.070
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025,
468A.050 & 468A.070
Hist.: DEQ 23-1980, f. &
ef. 9-26-80; DEQ 12-1981(Temp), f. & ef. 4-29-81; DEQ 3-1986, f. & ef. 2-12-86;
DEQ 8-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-16-91; DEQ 4-1993, f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93;
DEQ 25-1994, f. & cert. ef. 11-2-94; DEQ 25-1994, f. & cert. ef. 11-22-94;
DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0137; DEQ 7-2015,
f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0110
Loading Gasoline and Volatile Organic
Liquids onto Marine Tank Vessels
(1) Applicability. This rule applies
to loading events at any location within the Portland ozone air quality maintenance
area when a liquid product identified in subsection (a) or (b), as applicable, is
placed into a marine tank vessel cargo tank; or where any liquid is placed into
a marine tank vessel cargo tank that had previously held a liquid product identified
in subsection (a) or (b), as applicable. The owner or operator of each marine terminal
and marine tank vessel is responsible for and must comply with this rule.
(a) Prior to July 1, 2018,
liquid product means gasoline;
(b) On and after July 1,
2018, liquid product means all of the following:
(A) Gasoline;
(B) Any other volatile organic
liquid with a Reid vapor pressure of 27.6 kPa (4.0 psi) or more; and
(C) Any other organic liquid
if the liquid is purposely heated, the liquid temperature is 110 degrees Fahrenheit
or more at the time of loading, and the liquid has a Reid vapor pressure of 20.7
kPa (3.0 psi) or more.
(2) Exemptions. The following
activities are exempt from the marine vapor control emission limits of this rule:
(a) Marine vessel bunkering;
(b) Lightering when neither
vessel is berthed at a marine terminal dock,
(c) Loading when both of
the following conditions are met:
(A) The vessel has been gas
freed (regardless of the prior cargo), and
(B) When loading any products
other than a liquid product identified in subsection (1)(a) or (1)(b), as applicable;
and
(d) Loading organic liquids
that are stored in pressurized tanks, such as but not limited to liquefied natural
gas, liquefied petroleum gas, butane and propane.
(3) Vapor Collection System.
The owner or operator of a marine terminal subject to this rule must equip each
loading berth with a vapor collection system that is designed to collect all displaced
VOC vapors during the loading of marine tank vessels. The owner or operator of a
marine tank vessel subject to this rule must equip each marine tank vessel with
a vapor collection system that is designed to collect all displaced VOC vapors during
the loading of marine tank vessels. The collection system must be designed such
that all displaced VOC vapors collected during any loading event are vented only
to the control device.
(4) Marine Vapor Control
Emission Limits. Vapors that are displaced and collected during marine tank vessel
loading events must be reduced from the uncontrolled condition by at least 95 percent
by weight, as determined by EPA Method 25 or other methods approved under OAR 340-212-0140,
or limited to 5.7 grams per cubic meter (2 pounds per 1000 barrels) of liquid loaded.
(5) Operating Practice and
Maintenance.
(a) All hatches, pressure
relief valves, connections, gauging ports and vents associated with the loading
of liquid product identified in subsection (1)(a) or (1)(b), as applicable, into
marine tank vessels must be maintained to be leak free and vapor tight.
(b) The owner or operator
of any marine tank vessel must certify to DEQ that the vessel is leak free, vapor
tight, and in good working order based on an annual inspection using EPA Method
21 or other method approved under OAR 340-212-0140.
(c) Gaseous leaks must be
detected using EPA Method 21 or other methods approved under OAR 340-212-0140.
(d) Loading must cease anytime
gas or liquid leaks are detected. Loading may continue only after leaks are repaired
or if documentation is provided to DEQ that the repair of leaking components is
technically infeasible without dry-docking the vessel or cannot otherwise be undertaken
safely. Subsequent loading events involving the leaking components are prohibited
until the leak is repaired. Any liquid or gaseous leak detected by DEQ staff is
a violation of this rule.
(6) Monitoring and recordkeeping.
Marine terminal operators must maintain operating records for at least five years
of each loading event at their terminal. Marine tank vessel owners and operators
are responsible for maintaining operating records for at least five years for all
loading events involving each of their vessels. Records must be made available to
DEQ upon request. These records must include but are not limited to:
(a) The location of each
loading event.
(b) The date of arrival and
departure of the vessel.
(c) The name, registry and
legal owner of each marine tank vessel participating in the loading event.
(d) The type and amount of
liquid product loaded into the marine tank vessel.
(e) The prior cargo carried
by the marine tank vessel. If the marine tank vessel has been gas freed, then the
prior cargo can be recorded as gas freed.
(f) The description of any
gaseous or liquid leak, date and time of leak detection, leak repair action taken
and screening level after completion of the leak repair.
(7) Lightering exempted from
controls by subsection (2)(b) must be curtailed from 2:00 a.m. until 2:00 p.m. when
DEQ declares a Clean Air Action day. If DEQ declares a second clean air action day
before 2:00 p.m. of the first curtailment period, then such uncontrolled lightering
must be curtailed for an additional 24 hours until 2:00 p.m. on the second day.
If a third clean air action day in a row is declared, then uncontrolled lightering
is permissible for a 12-hour period starting at 2 p.m. on the second clean air action
day and ending at 2 a.m. on the third clean air action day. Uncontrolled lightering
must be curtailed from 2 a.m. until 2 p.m. on the third clean air action day. If
DEQ continues to declare clean air action days consecutively after the third day,
the curtailment and loading pattern used for the third clean air action day will
apply.
(8) Safety/Emergency Operations.
Nothing in this rule is intended to:
(a) Require any act or omission
that would be in violation of any regulation or other requirement of the United
States Coast Guard; or
(b) Prevent any act that
is necessary to secure the safety of a vessel or the safety of passengers or crew.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: 468.020, 468A.025, 468A.035
& 468A.070
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
& 468A.070
Hist.: DEQ 2-2000, f. 2-17-00,
cert. ef. 6-1-01; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0120
Cutback and Emulsified Asphalt
(1) Use of any cutback asphalts for
paving roads and parking areas is prohibited during the months of April, May, June,
July, August, September, and October, except as provided for in section (2).
(2) Slow curing (SC) and
medium curing (MC) cutback asphalts are allowed during all months for the following
uses and applications:
(a) Solely as a penetrating
prime coat for aggregate bases prior to paving;
(b) For the manufacture of
medium-curing patching mixes to provide long-period storage stockpiles used exclusively
for pavement maintenance; or
(c) For all uses when the
National Weather Service forecast of the high temperature during the 24-hour period
following application is below 10° C. (50° F.).
(3) Rapid curing (RC) grades
of cutback asphalt are always prohibited.
(4)(a) Use of emulsified
asphalts is unrestricted if solvent content is kept at or less than the limits listed
below. If these limits are exceeded, then the asphalt shall be classified as medium
curing (MC) cutback asphalts, and shall be limited to only the uses permitted by
section (2). (Grades of Emulsion Per AASHTO Designation M 208-72 — Maximum
Solvent Content by Weight.):
(A) CRS-1 — 3%;
(B) CRS-2 — 3%;
(C) CSS-1 — 3%;
(D) CSS-1h — 3%;
(E) CMS-2 — 8%;
(F) CMS-2h — 8%;
(G) CMS-2S —12%.
(b) Solvent content is determined
by ASTM distillation test D-244.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020, 468A.025 &
468A.070
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
& 468A.070
Hist.: DEQ 21-1978, f. &
ef. 12-28-78; DEQ 17-1979, f. & ef. 6-22-79; DEQ 23-1980, f. & ef. 9-26-80;
DEQ 3-1986, f. & ef. 2-12-86; DEQ 8-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-16-91; DEQ 4-1993,
f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered
from 340-022-0140; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0130
Petroleum Refineries
This rule shall apply to all petroleum
refineries:
(1) Vacuum-Producing Systems:
(a) Noncondensable VOC from
vacuum producing systems shall be piped to an appropriate firebox, incinerator or
to a closed refinery system;
(b) Hot wells associated
with contact condensers shall be tightly covered and the collected VOC introduced
into a closed refinery system.
(2) Wastewater Separators:
(a) Wastewater separators'
forebays shall incorporate a floating pontoon or fixed solid cover with all openings
sealed totally enclosing the compartmented liquid contents, or a floating pontoon
or double deck-type cover equipped with closure seals between the cover edge and
compartment wall;
(b) Accesses for gauging
and sampling shall be designed to minimize VOC emissions during actual use. All
access points shall be closed with suitable covers when not in use.
(3) Process Unit Turnaround:
(a) The VOC contained in
a process unit to be depressurized for turnaround shall be introduced to a closed
refinery system, combusted by a flare, or vented to a disposal system;
(b) The pressure in a process
unit following depressurization for turnaround shall be less than 5 psig before
venting to the ambient air.
(4) Maintenance and Operation
of Emission Control Equipment: Equipment for the reduction, collection or disposal
of VOC shall be maintained and operated in a manner commensurate with the level
of maintenance and housekeeping of the overall plant.
(5) Recordkeeping: The owner
or operator shall maintain a record of process unit turnarounds including an approximation
of the quantity of VOC emitted to the atmosphere. Records shall be maintained for
two years.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020, 468A.025
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
Hist.: DEQ 21-1978, f. &
ef. 12-28-78; DEQ 17-1979, f. & ef. 6-22-79; DEQ 23-1980, f. & ef. 9-26-80;
DEQ 8-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-16-91; DEQ 4-1993, f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93;
DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0150; DEQ 7-2015,
f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0140
Petroleum Refinery Leaks
(1) All persons operating petroleum
refineries must comply with this section concerning leaks:
(a) The owner or operator
of a petroleum refinery complex, upon detection of a leaking component, which has
a VOC concentration exceeding 10,000 ppm when tested in the manner described below
must:
(A) Include the leaking component
on a written list of scheduled repairs; and
(B) Repair and retest the
component within 15 days.
(b) Except for safety pressure
relief valves, no owner or operator of a petroleum refinery may install or operate
a valve at the end of a pipe or line containing VOCs unless the pipe or line is
sealed with a second valve, a blind flange, a plug, or a cap. The sealing device
may be removed only when a sample is being taken during maintenance operations;
(c) Pipeline valves and pressure
relief valves in gaseous VOC service must be marked in some manner that will be
readily obvious to both refinery personnel performing monitoring and DEQ.
(2) Testing Procedures: Testing
and calibration procedures to determine compliance with this rule must be done in
accordance with EPA Method 21.
(3) Monitoring, Recordkeeping,
Reporting:
(a) The owner or operator
of a petroleum refinery must maintain, as a minimum, records of all testing conducted
under this rule; plus records of all monitoring conducted under subsections (b)
and (c);
(b) The owner or operator
of a petroleum refinery subject to this rule must:
(A) Monitor yearly by the
methods referenced in section (2) all:
(i) Pump seals;
(ii) Pipeline valves in liquid
service; and
(iii) Process drains.
(B) Monitor quarterly by
the methods referenced in section (2) all:
(i) Compressor seals;
(ii) Pipeline valves in gaseous
service; and
(iii) Pressure relief valves
in gaseous service.
(C) Monitor weekly by visual
methods all pump seals;
(D) Monitor immediately any
pump seal from which liquids are observed dripping;
(E) Monitor any relief valve
within 24 hours after it has vented to the atmosphere; and
(F) Monitor immediately after
repair of any component that was found leaking.
(c) Pressure relief devices
which are connected to an operating flare header, vapor recovery device, inaccessible
valves, storage tank valves, or valves that are not externally regulated are exempt
from the monitoring requirements in subsection (b);
(d) The owner or operator
of a petroleum refinery, upon the detection of a leaking component, must affix a
weatherproof and readily visible tag bearing an identification number and the date
the leak is located to the leaking component. This tag must remain in place until
the leaking component is repaired;
(e) The owner or operator
of a petroleum refinery, upon the completion of each yearly and/or quarterly monitoring
procedure, must:
(A) Submit a report to DEQ
on the 15th day of January, April, July, and September, listing the leaking components
that were located but not repaired within the required time limit in subsection
(1)(a);
(B) Submit a signed statement
attesting to the fact that, with the exception of those leaking components listed
in paragraph (A), all monitoring and repairs were performed as stipulated.
(f) The owner or operator
of a petroleum refinery must maintain a leaking component monitoring log that contains,
at a minimum, the following data:
(A) The name of the process
unit where the component is located;
(B) The type of component,
e.g., valve, seal;
(C) The tag number of the
component;
(D) The date on which a leaking
component is discovered;
(E) The date on which a leaking
component is repaired;
(F) The date and instrument
reading of the recheck procedure after a leaking component is repaired;
(G) A record of the calibration
of the monitoring instrument;
(H) Those leaks that cannot
be repaired until turnaround, exceptions to the 15-day requirement of paragraph
(1)(a)(B); and
(I) The total number of components
checked and the total number of components found leaking.
(g) Copies of all records
and reports required by this section must be retained by the owner or operator for
a minimum of five years after the date on which the record was made or the report
submitted;
(h) Copies of all records
and reports required by this section must immediately be made available to DEQ upon
verbal or written request at any reasonable time;
(i) DEQ may, upon written
notice, modify the monitoring, recordkeeping and reporting requirements.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020, 468A.025,
468A.050 & 468A.070
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025,
468A.050 & 468A.070
Hist.: DEQ 23-1980, f. &
ef. 9-26-80; DEQ 3-1986, f. & ef. 2-12-86; DEQ 8-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-16-91;
DEQ 4-1993, f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99,
Renumbered from 340-022-0153; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0150
VOC Liquid Storage
(1) Owners or operators which have tanks
storing methanol or other VOC liquids with a true vapor pressure, as stored, greater
than 10.5 kPa (kilopascals) (1.52 psia), at actual monthly average storage temperatures,
and having a capacity greater than 150,000 liters (approximately 39,000 gallons)
must comply with one of the following:
(a) Meet the equipment specifications
and maintenance requirements of the federal standards of performance for new stationary
sources — Storage Vessels for Petroleum Liquids, 40 CFR part 60 subpart K
and Ka; or
(b) Be retrofitted with a
floating roof or internal floating cover using at least a nonmetallic resilient
seal as the primary seal meeting the equipment specifications in the federal standards
referred to in subsection (a) or its equivalent.
(2) All seals used in subsections
(1)(b) and (c) are to be maintained in good operating condition and the seal fabric
may not contain visible holes, tears or other openings.
(3) All openings, except
stub drains and those related to safety, such as slotted gage wells, are to be sealed
with suitable closures. All tank gauging and sampling devices must be gas-tight
except when gauging or sampling is taking place; except for slotted gage wells which
must have floating seals with one-half inch edge gaps or less.
(4) Secondary Seals:
(a) Applicability: Subsection
(c) applies to all VOC liquid storage vessels equipped with external floating roofs,
having capacities greater than 150,000 liters (39,000 gallons) except as indicated
in subsection (c) and paragraph (c)(H);
(b) Exemptions: Subsection
(c) does not apply to petroleum liquid storage vessels which:
(A) Are used to store waxy,
heavy pour crude oil;
(B) Have capacities less
than 1,600,000 liters (420,000 gallons) and are used to store produced crude oil
and condensate prior to lease custody transfer;
(C) Contain a VOC liquid
with a true vapor pressure of less than 10.5 kPa (1.5 psia) where the vapor pressure
is measured at the storage temperature;
(D) Contain a VOC liquid
with a true vapor pressure less than 27.6 kPa (4.0 psia); that
(i) Are of welded construction;
and
(ii) Presently possess a
metallic-type shoe seal, a liquid-mounted foam seal, a liquid-mounted liquid filled
type seal, or other closure device of demonstrated equivalence approved by DEQ;
or
(E) Are of welded construction,
equipped with a metallic-type shoe primary seal and has a secondary seal from the
top of the shoe seal to the tank wall (shoemounted secondary seal).
(c) No owner of a VOC liquid
storage vessel subject to this rule may store VOC liquid in that vessel unless:
(A) The vessel has been fitted
with:
(i) A continuous secondary
seal extending from the floating roof to the tank wall (rim-mounted secondary seal);
or
(ii) A closure or other device
which controls VOC emissions with an effectiveness equal to or greater than a seal
required under subparagraph (A)(i) as approved in writing by DEQ.
(B) All seal closure devices
meet the following requirements:
(i) There are no visible
holes, tears, or other openings in the seals or seal fabric;
(ii) The seals are intact
and uniformly in place around the circumference of the floating roof between the
floating roof and the tank wall; and
(iii) For vapor mounted seals,
the accumulated area of gaps exceeding 0.32 cm (1/8 inch) in width between the secondary
seal and the tank wall are determined by the method in subsection (d) and must not
exceed 21.2 cm2 per meter of tank diameter (1.0 in2 per foot of tank diameter).
(C) All openings in the external
floating roof, except for automatic bleeder vents, rim space vents, and leg sleeves,
are:
(i) Equipped with covers,
seals, or lids in the closed position except when the openings are in actual use;
and
(ii) Equipped with projections
into the tank which remain below the liquid surface at all times.
(D) Automatic bleeder vents
are closed at all times except when the roof is floated off or landed on the roof
leg supports;
(E) Rim vents are set to
open only when the roof is being floated off the leg supports or at the manufacturer's
recommended setting;
(F) Emergency roof drains
are provided with slotted membrane fabric covers or equivalent covers which cover
at least 90 percent of the area of the opening; and
(G) The owner or operator
of a VOC liquid storage vessel with an external floating roof subject to subsection
(c) must:
(i) Perform routine inspections
semi-annually in order to ensure compliance with paragraphs (A) through (F) and
the inspections must include a visual inspection of the secondary seal gap;
(ii) Measure the secondary
seal gap annually in accordance with subsection (d) when the floating roof is equipped
with a vapor-mounted primary seal; and
(iii) Maintain records of
the types of VOC liquids stored, the maximum true vapor pressure of the liquid as
stored, and the results of the inspections performed in subparagraphs (G)(i) and
(ii).
(H) The owner or operator
of a VOC liquid storage vessel having a capacity equal to or less than 150,000 liters
(39,000 gallons) with an external floating roof, but containing a VOC liquid with
a true vapor pressure greater than 7.00 kPa (1.0 psi), must maintain records of
the average monthly storage temperature, the type of liquid, and the maximum true
vapor pressure for all VOC liquids with a true vapor pressure greater than 7.0 kPa;
(I) The owner or operator
of a VOC liquid storage vessel subject to this rule, must submit to DEQ, as a minimum,
annual reports summarizing the inspections;
(J) Copies of all records
and reports under paragraphs (G) (H), and (I) must be retained by the owner or operator
for a minimum of five years after the date on which the record was made or the report
submitted;
(K) Copies of all records
and reports under this section must immediately be made available to DEQ, upon verbal
or written request, at any reasonable time;
(L) DEQ may, upon written
notice, require more frequent reports or modify the monitoring and recordkeeping
requirements, when necessary to accomplish the purposes of this rule.
(d) Secondary Seal Compliance
Determination:
(A) The owner or operator
of any VOC source required to comply with section (4) must demonstrate compliance
by the methods of this section or an alternative method;
(B) A person proposing to
conduct a VOC emissions test must notify DEQ of the intent to test not less than
30 days before the proposed initiation of the tests so DEQ may observe the test.
The notification must contain the information required by, and be in a format approved
by DEQ;
(C) Compliance with subparagraph
(4)(c)(B)(iii) is determined by:
(i) Physically measuring
the length and width of all gaps around the entire circumference of the secondary
seal in each place where a 0.32 cm (1/8 inch) uniform diameter probe passes freely
(without forcing or binding against the seal) between the seal and tank wall; and
(ii) Summing the area of
the individual gaps.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020, 468A.025,
468A.050 & 468A.070
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025,
468A.050 & 468A.070
Hist.: DEQ 21-1978, f. &
ef. 12-28-78; DEQ 17-1979, f. & ef. 6-22-79; DEQ 23-1980, f. & ef. 9-26-80;
DEQ 3-1986, f. & ef. 2-12-86; DEQ 8-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-16-91; DEQ 4-1993,
f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered
from 340-022-0160; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0160
Surface Coating in Manufacturing
(1) No person may operate a coating
line which emits into the atmosphere VOCs in excess of the limits in section (5),
expressed as pounds VOC per gallon of coating applied, excluding water and exempt
solvents, unless an alternative emission limit is approved by DEQ pursuant to section
(3) or emissions are controlled to an equivalent level pursuant to section (7).
(2) Exemptions:
(a) This rule does not apply
to airplanes painted out of doors in open air; automobile and truck refinishing;
customized top coating of automobiles and trucks, if production is less than 35
vehicles per day; marine vessels and vessel parts painted out in the open air; flat
wood coating; wood furniture and wood cabinets; wooden doors, mouldings, and window
frames; machine staining of exterior wood siding; high temperature coatings (for
service above 500° F.); lumber marking coatings; potable water tank inside
coatings; high performance inorganic zinc coatings, air dried, applied to fabricated
steel; and markings by stencil for railroad cars;
(b) This rule does not apply
to:
(A) Sources whose VOC potential
to emit before add on controls from activities identified in section (5) are less
than 10 tons per year (or 3 pounds VOC/hour or 15 pounds actual VOC/day); or
(B) Sources used exclusively
for chemical or physical analysis or determination of product quality and commercial
acceptance, such as research facilities, pilot plant operations, and laboratories,
unless:
(i) The operation of the
source is an integral part of the production process; or
(ii) The emissions from the
source exceed 363 kilograms (800 pounds) in any calendar month.
(3) Exceptions:
(a) On a case-by-case basis,
DEQ may approve exceptions to the emission limits specified in section (5), upon
documentation by the source that an alternative emission limit would satisfy the
federal criteria for RACT;
(b) Included in this documentation
must be a complete analysis of technical and economic factors which:
(A) Prevent the source from
using both compliance coatings and pollution control devices; and
(B) Justify the alternative
emission limit sought by the source.
(c) The alternative emission
limit approved by DEQ will be incorporated into the source's Air Contaminant Discharge
Permit, or Title V operating permit, and will be effective upon approval by EPA
as a source specific SIP revision.
(4) Applicability: This rule
applies to each coating line, which includes the application area, flashoff area,
air and forced air dryer, and oven used in the surface coating of the parts and
products in subsections (5)(a) through (j).
(5) Process and Limitation:
These emission limitations must be based on a daily average except subsection (5)(e)
must be based on a monthly average. If more than one emission limitation in this
rule applies to a specific coating, then the most stringent emission limitation
must be applied:
(a) Can Coating:
(A) Sheet basecoat, exterior
and interior, and over-varnish; two-piece can exterior, basecoat and over-varnish,
2.8 pounds/gallon;
(B) Two- and three-piece
can interior and exterior body spray, two-piece can exterior end, spray or roll
coat, 4.2 pounds/gallon;
(C) Three-piece can side-seam
spray 5.5 pounds/gallon;
(D) End sealing compound
3.7 pounds/gallon;
(E) End Sealing Compound
for fatty foods 3.7 pounds/gallon.
(b) Fabric Coating 2.9 pounds/gallon;
(c) Vinyl Coating 3.8 pounds/gallon;
(d) Paper Coating 2.9 pounds/gallon;
(e) Existing Coating of Paper
and Film in the Medford-Ashland AQMA 55 pounds VOC per 1000 square yards of material
per pass;
(f) Auto and Light Duty Truck
Coating:
(A) Prime 1.9 pounds/gallon;
(B) Topcoat 2.8 pounds/gallon;
(C) Repair 4.8 pounds/gallon;
(g) Metal Furniture Coating
3.0 pounds/gallon;
(h) Magnet Wire Coating 1.7
pounds/gallon;
(i) Large Appliance Coating
2.8 pounds/gallon;
(j) Miscellaneous Metal Parts
and Products:
(A) Clear Coatings 4.3 pounds/gallon;
(B) Forced Air Dried or Air
Dried 3.5 pounds/gallon;
(C) Extreme Performance Coatings
3.5 pounds/gallon;
(D) Other Coatings, i.e.,
powder, oven dried, 3.0 pounds/gallon;
(E) High Performance Architectural
Coatings 3.5 pounds/gallon.
(6) Compliance Determination:
Compliance with this rule must be determined by testing in accordance with 40 CFR
part 60 EPA Method 18, 24, 25, a material balance method, or an equivalent plant
specific method approved by and on file with DEQ. The limit in section (1) of VOC
in the coating is based upon an assumed solvent density, and other assumptions unique
to a coating line; where conditions differ, such as a different solvent density,
a plant specific limit developed pursuant to the applicable Control Technology Guideline
document may be submitted to DEQ for approval.
(7) Reduction Method: Compliance
with the emission limits of sections (3) and (5) must be achieved by:
(a) The application of low
solvent content coating technology;
(b) An incineration system
which oxidizes at least 90.0 percent of the nonmethane VOCs entering the incinerator,
VOC measured as total combustible carbon, to carbon dioxide and water; or
(c) An equivalent means of
VOC removal. The equivalent means must be approved by DEQ and will be incorporated
in the source's Air Contaminant Discharge Permit or Title V Permit, and will be
effective upon approval by EPA as a source-specific SIP revision. Other alternative
emission controls approved by DEQ and allowed by EPA may be used to provide an equivalent
means of VOC removal.
(8) Recordkeeping Requirements:
(a) A current list of coatings
must be maintained which provides all the coating data necessary to evaluate compliance,
including the following information, where applicable:
(A) Coating catalyst and
reducer used;
(B) Mix ratio of components
used;
(C) VOC content of coating
as applied; and
(D) Oven temperature.
(b) Where applicable, a monthly
record must be maintained indicating the type and amount of solvent used for cleanup
and surface preparation;
(c) Such records must be
retained and available for inspection by DEQ for a period of five years.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020, 468A.025 &
468A.070
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
& 468A.070
Hist.: DEQ 21-1978, f. &
ef. 12-28-78; DEQ 17-1979, f. & ef. 6-22-79; DEQ 23-1980, f. & ef. 9-26-80;
DEQ 3-1986, f. & ef. 2-12-86; DEQ 8-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-16-91; Section
(5) Renumbered from 340-022-0173, DEQ 4-1993, f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 22-1996,
f. & cert. ef. 10-22-96; DEQ 20-1998, f. & cert. ef. 10-12-98; DEQ 14-1999,
f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0170; DEQ 7-2015, f. &
cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0170
Aerospace Component Coating Operations
(1) No owner or operator of an aerospace
component coating facility may emit into the atmosphere VOCs in excess of the following
limits, expressed as pounds VOC per gallon of coating applied, excluding water and
exempt solvents, unless an alternative emission limit is approved by DEQ pursuant
to section (4) or emissions to the atmosphere are controlled to an equivalent level
pursuant to section (10):
(a) Primer — 2.9 pounds/gallon;
(b) Interior Topcoat —
2.8 pounds/gallon;
(c) Electric or Radiation
Effect Coating — 6.7 pounds/gallon;
(d) Extreme Performance Interior
Topcoat — 3.5 pounds/gallon;
(e) Fire Insulation Coating
— 5.0 pounds/gallon;
(f) Fuel Tank Coating —
6.0 pounds/gallon;
(g) High Temperature Coating
for conditions between 350° F. –500° F. — 6.0 pounds/gallon;
(h) Sealant — 5.0 pounds/gallon;
(i) Self-Priming Topcoat
— 3.5 pounds/gallon;
(j) Topcoat — 3.5 pounds/gallon;
(k) Pretreatment Wash Primer
— 3.5 pounds/gallon;
(l) Sealant Bonding Primer
— 6.0 pounds/gallon;
(m) Temporary Protective
Coating — 2.1 pounds/gallon;
(2) Exemptions: This rule
does not apply to the following:
(a) The exterior of fully
assembled airplanes painted out of doors, high temperature coatings (for conditions
over 500° F.), adhesive bonding primer, flight test coatings, and space vehicle
coatings;
(b) Sources whose potential
emit from activities identified in section (1) before add on controls of VOCs are
less than ten tons per year (or 3 pounds VOC/hour or 15 pounds VOC/day actual);
(c) The use of separate coating
formulations in volumes of less than 20 gallons per calendar year. No source may
use more than a combined total of 250 gallons per calendar year of exempt coatings.
Records of coating usage must be maintained as per section (8); or
(d) Sources used exclusively
for chemical or physical analysis or determination of product quality and coating
performance (such as research facilities and laboratories) unless:
(A) The operation of the
source is an integral part of the production process; or
(B) The emissions from the
source exceed 363 kilograms (800 pounds) in any calendar month.
(3) Exceptions:
(a) On a case-by-case basis,
DEQ may approve exceptions to the emission limits specified in section (1), upon
documentation by the source that an alternative emission limit would satisfy the
federal criteria for RACT;
(b) Included in this documentation
must be a complete analysis of technical and economic factors which:
(A) Prevent the source from
using both compliance coatings and pollution control devices; and
(B) Justify the alternative
emission limit sought by the source.
(c) The alternative emission
limit approved by DEQ will be incorporated into the source's Air Contaminant Discharge
Permit and will be effective upon approval by EPA as a source-specific SIP revision.
(4) Applicability: This rule
applies to each coating line, which includes the application area, flashoff area,
air and forced air dryer, and oven used in the surface coating of aerospace components
in subsections (1)(a) through (m) . If more than one emission limitation in this
rule applies to a specific coating, then the most stringent emission limitation
must be applied.
(5) Solvent Evaporation Minimization:
(a) Closed containers must
be used for the storage or disposal of cloth or paper used for solvent surface preparation
and cleanup;
(b) Fresh and spent solvent
must be stored in closed containers;
(c) Organic compounds may
not be used for the cleanup of spray equipment unless equipment is used to collect
the cleaning compounds and to minimize their evaporation;
(d) Containers of coating,
catalyst, thinner, or solvent may not be left open to the atmosphere when not in
use.
(6) Stripper Limitations:
No stripper may be used which contains more than 400 grams/liter (3.3 lbs./gal.)
of VOC or which has a true vapor pressure of 1.3 kPa (0.19 psia) at actual usage
temperature.
(7) Maskant for Chemical
Processing Limitation: No maskant may be applied for chemical processing unless
the VOC emissions from coating operations are reduced by 85 percent, or the coating
contains less than 600 grams of VOC per liter (5.0 pounds/gallon) of coating excluding
water, as applied.
(8) Compliance determination:
Compliance with this rule must be determined by testing in accordance with 40 CFR
part 60, Appendix A, Method 24 for determining the VOC content of the coating materials.
Emissions from the coating processes and/or VOC emissions control efficiencies must
be determined by testing in accordance with 40 CFR part 60, Appendix A, Method 18,
25, California Method ST-7, a material balance method, or an equivalent plant specific
method approved by EPA and DEQ and on file with DEQ. The limit in section (1) of
VOC in the coating is based upon an assumed solvent density, and other assumptions
unique to a coating line; where conditions differ, such as a different solvent density,
a plant specific limit may be submitted to DEQ and EPA for approval.
(9) Reduction Method: The
emission limits of section (1) must be achieved by:
(a) The application of a
low solvent content coating technology;
(b) A vapor collection and
disposal system; or
(c) An equivalent means of
VOC removal. The equivalent means must be approved by DEQ and will be incorporated
in the source's Air Contaminant Discharge Permit or Title V Operating Permit, and
will be effective upon approval by EPA as a source-specific SIP revision. Other
alternative emission controls approved by DEQ and allowed by EPA may be used to
provide an equivalent means of VOC removal.
(10) Recordkeeping Requirements:
(a) A current list of coatings
must be maintained which provides all of the coating data necessary to evaluate
compliance, including the following information, where applicable:
(A) A daily record indicating
the mix ratio of components used; and
(B) The VOC content of the
coating as applied.
(b) A monthly record must
be maintained indicating the type and amount of solvent used for cleanup and surface
preparation;
(c) A monthly record must
be maintained indicating the amount of stripper used;
(d) Such records must be
retained and available for inspection by DEQ for a period of five years.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020, 468A.025 &
468A.070
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
& 468A.070
Hist.: DEQ 8-1991, f. &
cert. ef. 5-16-91; DEQ 4-1993, f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 20-1998, f. &
cert. ef. 10-12-98; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0175;
DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0180
Degreasers
Cold cleaners, open top vapor degreasers,
and conveyorized degreasers are exempt from this rule if they use fluids which are
not photochemically reactive. These fluids are defined in the definition of VOC
under OAR 340-200-0020.
(1) The owner or operator
of dip tank cold cleaners must comply with the equipment specifications in this
section:
(a) Be equipped with a cover
that is readily opened and closed. This is required of all cold cleaners, whether
a dip tank or not;
(b) Be equipped with a drain
rack, suspension basket, or suspension hoist that returns the drained solvent to
the solvent bath;
(c) Have a freeboard ratio
of at least 0.5;
(d) Have a visible fill line.
(2) An owner or operator
of a cold cleaner must follow the required operating parameters and work practices.
The owner must post and maintain in the work area of each cold cleaner a pictograph
or instructions clearly explaining the work practices in this section:
(a) The solvent level may
not be above the fill line;
(b) The spraying of parts
to be cleaned must be performed only within the confines of the cold cleaner;
(c) The cover of the cold
cleaner must be closed when not in use or when parts are being soaked or cleaned
by solvent agitation;
(d) Solvent-cleaned parts
must be rotated to drain cavities or blind holes and then set to drain until dripping
has stopped;
(e) Waste solvent must be
stored in covered containers and returned to the supplier or a disposal firm handling
solvents for final disposal, such that no greater than 20 percent of the waste by
weight can evaporate into the atmosphere. Handling of the waste must also be done
in accordance with DEQ's solid and Hazardous Waste Rules, OAR 340 division 100.
(3) The owner or operator
must maintain cold cleaners in good working condition and free of solvent leaks.
(4) If the solvent has a
volatility greater than 2.0 kPa (0.3 psi) measured at 38° C. (100° F.),
or if the solvent is agitated or heated, then the cover must be designed so that
it can be easily operated with one hand or foot.
(5) If the solvent has a
volatility greater than 4.3 kPa (0.6 psi) measured at 38° C. (100° F.),
then the drainage facility must be internal, so that parts are enclosed under the
cover while draining. The drainage facility may be external for applications where
an internal type cannot fit into the cleaning system.
(6) If the solvent has a
volatility greater than 4.3 kPa (0.6 psi) measured at 38° C. (100° F.),
or if the solvent is heated above 50° C. (120° F.), then one of the following
solvent vapor control systems must be used:
(a) The freeboard ratio must
be equal to or greater than 0.70; or
(b) Water must be kept over
the solvent, which must be insoluble in and heavier than water; or
(c) Other systems of equivalent
control, such as a refrigerated chiller.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020, 468A.025 &
468A.070
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
& 468A.070
Hist.: DEQ 21-1978, f. &
ef. 12-28-78; DEQ 17-1979, f. & ef. 6-22-79; DEQ 23-1980, f. & ef. 9-26-80;
DEQ 3-1986, f. & ef. 2-12-86; DEQ 8-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-16-91; DEQ 4-1993,
f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 20-1998, f. & cert. ef. 10-12-98; DEQ 14-1999,
f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0180; DEQ 7-2015, f. &
cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0190
Open Top Vapor Degreasers
(1) The owner or operator of all open
top vapor degreasers must comply with the following equipment specifications:
(a) Be equipped with a cover
that may be readily opened and closed. When a degreaser is equipped with a lip exhaust,
the cover must be located below the lip exhaust. The cover must move horizontally
or slowly so as not to agitate and spill the solvent vapor. The degreaser must be
equipped with at least the following three safety switches:
(A) Condenser flow switch
and thermostat to shut off sump heat if coolant is either not circulating or too
warm;
(B) Spray safety switch to
shut off spray pump or conveyor if the vapor level drops excessively, (e.g., greater
than 10 cm (4 inches));
(C) Vapor level control thermostat
to shut off sump heat when vapor level rises too high.
(b)(A) A closed design such
that the cover opens only when the part enters or exits the degreaser and when the
degreaser starts up, forming a vapor layer, the cover may be opened to release the
displaced air, and either;
(B) A freeboard ratio equal
to or greater than 0.75; or
(C) A freeboard, refrigerated
or cold water, chiller.
(c) Post a permanent and
conspicuous pictograph or instructions clearly explaining the following work practices:
(A) Do not degrease porous
or absorbent materials such as cloth, leather, wood or rope;
(B) The cover of the degreaser
must be closed at all times except when processing workloads;
(C) When the cover is open
the lip of the degreaser must not be exposed to steady drafts greater than 15.3
meters per minute (50 feet/minute);
(D) Rack parts so as to facilitate
solvent drainage from the parts;
(E) Workloads must not occupy
more than one-half of the vapor-air interface area;
(F) When using a powered
hoist, the vertical speed of parts in and out of the vapor zone must be less than
3.35 meters per minute (11 feet/minute);
(G) Degrease the workload
in the vapor zone until condensation ceases;
(H) Spraying operations must
be done within the vapor layer;
(I) Hold parts in the degreaser
until visually dry;
(J) When equipped with a
lip exhaust, the fan must be turned off when the cover is closed;
(K) The condenser water must
be turned on before the sump heater when starting up a cold vapor degreaser. The
sump heater must be turned off and the solvent vapor layer allowed to collapse before
closing the condenser water when shutting down a hot vapor degreaser;
(L) Water may not be visible
in the solvent stream from the water separator.
(2) A routine inspection
and maintenance program must be implemented for the purpose of preventing and correcting
solvent losses, as for example, from dripping drain taps, cracked gaskets, and malfunctioning
equipment. Leaks must be repaired immediately.
(3) Sump drainage and transfer
of hot or warm solvent must be carried out using threaded or other leakproof couplings.
(4) Still and sump bottoms
must be kept in closed containers.
(5) Waste solvent must be
stored in covered containers and returned to the supplier or a disposal firm handling
solvents for final disposal, such that no greater than 20 percent of the waste (by
weight) can evaporate into the atmosphere. Handling of the waste must also be done
in accordance with DEQ's Solid and Hazardous Waste Rules, OAR 340 division 100.
(6) Exhaust ventilation may
not exceed 20 cubic meters/minute per square meter (65 cubic feet per minute per
square foot) of degreaser open area, unless necessary to meet OSHA requirements.
Ventilation fans may not be used near the degreaser opening.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020 & 468A.025
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
Hist.: DEQ 21-1978, f. &
ef. 12-28-78; DEQ 17-1979, f. & ef. 6-22-79: DEQ 23-1980, f. & ef. 9-26-80;
DEQ 3-1986, f. & ef. 2-12-86; DEQ 8-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-16-91; DEQ 4-1993,
f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered
from 340-022-0183; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0200
Conveyorized Degreasers
(1) The owner or operator of conveyorized
cold cleaners and conveyorized vapor degreasers must comply with the following operating
requirements:
(a) Exhaust ventilation must
not exceed 20 cubic meters per minute per square meter (65 cubic feet per minute
per square foot) of degreaser opening, unless necessary to meet OSHA requirements.
Workplace fans must not be used near the degreaser opening;
(b) Post in the immediate
work area a permanent and conspicuous pictograph or instructions clearly explaining
the following work practices:
(A) Rack parts for best drainage;
(B) Maintain vertical speed
of conveyored parts to less than 3.35 meters per minute (11 feet/minute);
(C) The condenser water must
be turned on before the sump heater when starting up a cold vapor degreaser. The
sump heater must be turned off and the solvent vapor layer allowed to collapse before
closing the condenser water when shutting down a hot vapor degreaser.
(2) A routine inspection
and maintenance program must be implemented for the purpose of preventing and correcting
solvent losses, as for example, from dripping drain taps, cracked gaskets, and malfunctioning
equipment. Leaks must be repaired immediately.
(3) Sump drainage and transfer
of hot or warm solvent must be carried out using threaded or other leakproof couplings.
(4) Still and sump bottoms
must be kept in closed containers.
(5) Waste solvent must be
stored in covered containers and returned to the supplier or a disposal firm handling
solvents for final disposal, such that no greater than 20 percent of the waste by
weight can evaporate into the atmosphere. Handling of the waste must also be done
in accordance with DEQ's Solid and Hazardous Waste Rules, OAR 340 division 100.
(6) All conveyorized cold
cleaners and conveyorized vapor degreasers with air/vapor interfaces of 2.0 m2 or
greater must have one of the following major control devices installed and operating:
(a) Carbon adsorption system,
exhausting less than 25 ppm of solvent averaged over a complete adsorption cycle,
based on exhaust ventilation of 15 m3/minutes per m2 of air/vapor area, when down-time
covers are open; or
(b) Refrigerated chiller
with control effectiveness equal to or better than subsection (a); or
(c) A system with control
effectiveness equal to or better than subsection (a).
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020 & 468A.025
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
Hist.: DEQ 21-1978, f. &
ef. 12-28-78; DEQ 17-1979, f. & ef. 6-22-79; DEQ 23-1980, f. & ef. 9-26-80;
DEQ 3-1986, f. & ef. 2-12-86; DEQ 8-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-16-91; DEQ 4-1993,
f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered
from 340-022-0186; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0210
Asphaltic and Coal Tar Pitch Used
for Roofing Coating
(1) No person shall operate or use equipment
for melting, heating or holding asphalt or coal tar pitch for the on-site construction,
installation, or repair of roofs unless the gas-entrained effluents from such equipment
are contained by close fitting covers.
(2) A person operating equipment
subject to this rule shall maintain the temperature of the asphaltic or coal tar
pitch below 285° C. (550° F.), or 17° C. (30° F.) below the
flash point whichever is the lower temperature, as indicated by a continuous reading
thermometer.
(3) The provisions of this
rule shall not apply to equipment having a capacity of 100 liters (26 gallons) or
less; or to equipment having a capacity of 600 liters (159 gallons) or less provided
it is equipped with a tightly fitted lid or cover.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020 & 468A.025
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
Hist.: DEQ 21-1978, f. &
ef. 12-28-78; DEQ 17-1979, f. & ef. 6-22-79; DEQ 23-1980, f. & ef. 9-26-80;
DEQ 8-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-16-91; DEQ 4-1993, f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93;
DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0190; DEQ 7-2015,
f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0220
Flat Wood Coating
(1) This rule applies to all flat wood
manufacturing and surface finishing facilities that manufacture the following products:
(a) Printed interior panels
made of hardwood plywood and thin particleboard;
(b) Natural finish hardwood
plywood panels; or
(c) Hardboard paneling with
Class II finishes.
(2) This rule does not apply
to the manufacture of exterior siding, tileboard, particleboard used as a furniture
component, or paper or plastic laminates on wood or wood-derived substrates.
(3) No owner or operator
of a flat wood manufacturing facility subject to this rule may emit VOCs from a
coating application system in excess of:
(a) 2.9 kilograms per 100
square meters of coated finished product (6.0 pounds/1,000 square feet) from printed
interior panels, regardless of the number of coats applied;
(b) 5.8 kilograms per 100
square meters of coated finished product (12.0 pounds/1,000 square feet) from natural
finish hardwood plywood panels, regardless of the number of coats applied; and
(c) 4.8 kilograms per 100
square meters of coated finished product (10.0 pounds/1,000 square feet) from Class
II finishes on hardboard panels, regardless of the number of coats applied.
(4) The emission limits in
section (3) must be achieved by:
(a) The application of low
solvent content coating technology; or
(b) An incineration system
which oxidizes at least 90.0 percent of the nonmethane VOCs entering the incinerator
(VOC measured as total combustible carbon) to carbon dioxide and water; or
(c) An equivalent means of
VOC removal. The equivalent means must be approved in writing by DEQ. The time period
used to determine equivalency may not exceed 24 hours.
(5) A capture system must
be used in conjunction with the control devices in subsections (4)(b) and (c). The
design and operation of a capture system must be consistent with good engineering
practice and must provide for an overall emission reduction sufficient to meet the
emission limitations in section (3).
(6) Compliance Demonstration:
(a) The owner or operator
of a VOC source required to comply with this rule must demonstrate compliance by
the methods of subsection (c), or an alternative method approved by DEQ;
(b) A person proposing to
conduct a VOC emissions test must notify DEQ of the intent to test not less than
30 days before the proposed initiation of the tests so DEQ may observe the test;
(c) Test procedures in 40
CFR part 60, EPA Method 18, 24, or 25 must be used to determine compliance with
section (3);
(d) DEQ may accept, instead
of the coating analysis required by paragraph (c)(A), a certification by the coating
manufacturer of the composition of the coating, if supported by actual batch formulation
records. In the event of any inconsistency between a Method 18, 24, or 25 test and
a facility's formulation data, the Method 18, 24, or 25 test will govern;
(e) If an add-on control
device is used, continuous monitors of the following parameters must be installed,
periodically calibrated, and operated at all times that the associated control device
is operating:
(A) Exhaust gas temperature
of all incinerators;
(B) Temperature rise across
a catalytic incinerator bed; and
(C) Breakthrough of VOC on
a carbon absorption unit.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020, 468A.025 &
468A.070
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
& 468A.070
Hist.: DEQ 23-1980, f. &
ef. 9-26-80; DEQ 8-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-16-91; DEQ 4-1993, f. & cert.
ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99, Renumbered from 340-022-0200;
DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15
340-232-0230
Rotogravure and Flexographic Printing
(1) No owner or operator of a packaging
rotogravure, publication rotogravure, flexographic or specialty printing facility,
with the potential to emit before add on controls greater than 100 tons/year, employing
ink containing solvent may operate, cause, allow or permit the operation of the
press unless:
(a) The volatile fraction
of ink, as it is applied to the substrate contains 25.0 percent by volume or less
of organic solvent and 75 percent by volume or more of water;
(b) The ink as it is applied
to the substrate, less water, contains 60.0 percent by volume or more nonvolatile
material; or
(c) The owner or operator
installs and operates:
(A) A carbon absorption system
which reduces the volatile organic emissions from the capture system by at least
90.0 percent by weight;
(B) An incineration system
which oxidizes at least 90.0 percent of the nonmethane VOCs, VOC measured as total
combustible carbon, to carbon dioxide and water; or
(C) An alternative VOC pollution
control device demonstrated to have at least a 90.0 percent removal efficiency,
measured across the air pollution control device, that has been approved by DEQ.
(2) A capture system must
be used in conjunction with the air pollution control devices in subsection (1)(c).
The design and operation of a capture system must be consistent with good engineering
practice, and must provide for a control efficiency in VOC emissions of at least:
(a) 75.0 percent where a
publication rotogravure process is employed;
(b) 65.0 percent where a
packaging rotogravure process is employed; or
(c) 60.0 percent where a
flexographic printing process is employed.
(3) Compliance Demonstration:
(a) Upon request of DEQ,
the owner or operator of a VOC source must demonstrate compliance by the methods
of this section or an alternative method approved by DEQ. All tests must be made
by, or under the direction of, a person qualified by training and/or experience
in the field of air pollution testing;
(b) A person proposing to
conduct a VOC emissions test must notify DEQ of the intent to test not less than
30 days before the proposed initiation of the tests so DEQ may observe the test.
The notification must contain the information required by, and be in a format approved
by, DEQ;
(c) Test procedures to determine
compliance with this rule must be approved by DEQ and consistent with:
(A) EPA Test Method 18, 24,
or 25, 40 CFR part 60; or California Method ST-7; or
(B) DEQ may accept, instead
of ink-solvent analysis, a certification by the ink manufacturer of the composition
of the ink-solvent, if supported by actual batch formulation records. In the event
of any inconsistency between an EPA Method test and a facility's formulation data,
the EPA Method test will govern.
(d) If an add-on control
device is used, continuous monitors of the following parameters must be installed,
periodically calibrated, and operated at all times that the associated control device
is operating:
(A) Exhaust gas temperature
of all incinerators;
(B) Breakthrough of VOC on
a carbon adsorption unit; and
(C) Temperature rise across
a catalytic incinerator bed.
NOTE: This rule is included in the
State of Oregon Clean Air Act Implementation Plan that EQC adopted under OAR 340-200-0040.
Stat. Auth.: ORS 468.020, 468A.025 &
468A.070
Stats. Implemented: ORS 468A.025
& 468A.070
Hist.: DEQ 23-1980, f. &
ef. 9-26-80; DEQ 3-1986, f. & ef. 2-12-86; DEQ 8-1991, f. & cert. ef. 5-16-91;
DEQ 4-1993, f. & cert. ef. 3-10-93; DEQ 14-1999, f. & cert. ef. 10-14-99,
Renumbered from 340-022-0210; DEQ 7-2015, f. & cert. ef. 4-16-15

The official copy of an Oregon Administrative Rule is
contained in the Administrative Order filed at the Archives Division,
800 Summer St. NE, Salem, Oregon 97310. Any discrepancies with the
published version are satisfied in favor of the Administrative Order.
The Oregon Administrative Rules and the Oregon Bulletin are
copyrighted by the Oregon Secretary of State. Terms
and Conditions of Use

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