815 Kar 20:070. Plumbing Fixtures

Link to law: http://www.lrc.ky.gov/kar/815/020/070.htm
Published: 2015

      815 KAR 20:070. Plumbing fixtures.

 

      RELATES

TO: KRS 318.010, 318.015, 318.150, 318.200

      STATUTORY

AUTHORITY: KRS 318.130

      NECESSITY,

FUNCTION, AND CONFORMITY: KRS 318.130 requires the department, after review by

the State Plumbing Code Committee, to promulgate an administrative regulation

establishing the Kentucky State Plumbing Code regulating plumbing, including

the kind, type, and quality of plumbing fixtures to be used in the construction

of plumbing systems. This administrative regulation establishes the

requirements for plumbing fixtures allowed in Kentucky.

 

      Section

1. Materials. Receptacles used as water closets, urinals, or for the disposal

of human excreta, shall be of vitrified earthenware, hard natural stone, or

cast-iron with a light color porcelain enameled on the inside, except as established

in Section 4 of this administrative regulation.

 

      Section

2. Installation. Plumbing fixtures shall be installed to allow access for

cleaning.

      (1)

All pipes from fixtures shall be run to the wall.

      (2)

A trap or pipe shall not extend nearer to the floor than twelve (12) inches

except laundry trays or similar fixtures.

 

      Section

3. Water Closet Bowls. (1) A water closet bowl shall be of one (1) piece

construction and hold a sufficient quantity of water when filled to the trap

overflow to prevent fouling of its interior surfaces.

      (2)

A water closet bowl shall be provided with an integral flushing rim to flush

the entire interior of the bowl.

 

      Section

4. Plastic Water Closet Bowl and Tank. (1) A plastic water closet bowl and tank

shall be constructed with a polypropylene lining inside the one (1) piece bowl

and tank.

      (2)

The outer surface of the bowl shall be constructed of PVC material.

      (3)

The filler material between the lining and outer surface shall be made of

polyurethane foam.

      (4)

The bowl shall have:

      (a)

A three (3) inch water seal; and

      (b)

A two and one-eighth (2 1/8) inch waste opening passage.

 

      Section

5. Frost-proof Closet. (1) A frost-proof water closet may be installed only in

a building that has at least a twelve (12) inch air break between it and any

building used for habitation or occupancy.

      (2)

The room shall be tightly enclosed and accessible from the outside only.

      (3)

The soil pipe between the trap and hopper shall be of extra heavy cast-iron,

four (4) inches in diameter and shall be light colored porcelain enamel on the

inside.

      (4)

The building shall have a nonabsorbent floor.

      (5)

A frost-proof water closet shall have a four (4) inch vent.

 

      Section

6. Floor and Shower Drains. (1) A floor drain or a shower drain shall be

considered a plumbing fixture and shall be provided with a strainer.

      (2)

Shower drain pan construction.

      (a)

A shower pan shall be constructed without a seam and shall extend to a minimum

height of six (6) inches on all vertical walls.

      (b)

A shower pan shall not be required on a concrete floor before the outside grade

level.

      (c)

A shower drain pan shall be constructed of:

      1.

Sheet lead weighing not less than four (4) pounds per square foot;

      2.

Nonplasticized chlorinated polyethylene produced and labeled as ASTM D-412 and

D-1204, which shall be not less than 0.040 inches thick;

      3.

Nonplasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC) sheet material produced and labeled as

ASTM D-1004, D-412, 06A, and D-1790, which shall be not less than 0.040 inches

thick; or

      4.

Other approved material as established in 815 KAR 20:020, Section 5. Copies of

ASTM specifications identified in this administrative regulation may be

obtained by writing the American Society for Testing Materials, 1916 Race

Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103.

      (3)

Fiberglass bathtubs, showers, tub enclosures, and shower stalls.

      (a)

Fiberglass bathtubs and tub enclosures shall be produced and labeled as ANSI Z

124.1.

      (b)

Acrylic-faced bathtubs shall be produced and labeled as ASTM E8408A or E 162.

      (c)

Fiberglass shower stalls and shower receptors shall be produced and labeled as

ANSI Z 124.2.

      (4)

Metamorphosed carbonate aggregate polyester resinous martrix-marbleoid

bathtubs, lavatories, and shower stalls.

      (a)1.

Metamorphosed carbonate aggregate polyester resinous martrix-marbleoid bathtubs

shall be produced and labeled as ANSI Z 124-1.

      2.

Lavatories shall be produced and labeled as ANSI Z 124-3.

      3.

Shower stalls shall be produced and labeled as ANSI Z 124-2.

      (b)

Copies of ANSI specifications identified in this administrative regulation may

be obtained by writing the American National Standards Institute, 1430

Broadway, New York, New York 10018.

 

      Section

7. Fixture Strainers. (1) A fixture, other than a water closet or a pedestal

urinal, shall be provided with a strainer.

      (2)

The outlet area of the strainer shall not be less than the interior area of the

trap.

 

      Section

8. Fixture Overflow. The overflow from a fixture shall be optional, but if

used, the overflow shall be connected to the inlet side of a trap and

accessible for cleaning.

 

      Section

9. Fixture Additions. A fixture added to a plumbing system shall be installed

to comply with all applicable sections of the State Plumbing Code.

 

      Section

10. Defective Fixtures. If a newly installed fixture is found to be defective

or if an old fixture is found to be in an unusable condition, it shall be

repaired, replaced, or removed within thirty (30) days upon written notice from

the office.

 

      Section

11. Water Heaters. (1) A water heater shall be properly connected to the hot

and cold water supply.

      (2)

A water heater designed for use as an appliance for supplying potable hot water

for domestic or commercial purposes may be used for space heating if the water

temperature does not exceed 140 degrees Fahrenheit.

      (3)

Every water heater shall be accessible for inspection, repair, and replacement.

      (4)(a)

If a water heater is installed in a crawl space after September 1, 2006, it

shall have adequate access with a travel path no less than five (5) feet of

vertical distance and be installed on at least a two (2) inch thick

noncorrosive material adequate to support the heater.

      (b)

The replacement of a water heater that was originally installed in a crawl

space prior to September 1, 2006 shall not require compliance with the vertical

distance requirement of this subsection.

      (5)

If a water heater is located in an attic of a residence, a water tight pan of

corrosion resistant material shall be installed beneath the water heater and

shall be equipped with at least a three-quarter (3/4) inch drain to be piped

similarly to a pressure and temperature relief valve discharge line.

      (6)

A fuel-fired water heater shall be connected to a flue or chimney of a size that

shall be at least as large as the size required by the water heater

manufacturer's instructions.

      (7)

A fuel-fired water heater vent shall not be connected to a flue serving a

coal-burning apparatus.

      (8)

The flue or chimney shall extend two (2) feet above the roof and shall be

properly flashed and shall not terminate within six (6) feet of a door or

window.

      (9)

A fuel-fired water heater, with the exception of those having direct-vent or

through the wall vent systems, shall not be placed in any bathroom, toilet room,

or a room used for sleeping.

      (10)

If a fuel-fired water heater is placed in a closed room or closet, the door

shall be a louver door or shall be properly ventilated to provide combustion

air and circulation in accordance with the Fuel Gas Code incorporated by

reference in Chapter 35 of the Kentucky Building Code filed in 815 KAR 7:120.

      (11)

Direct venting system location.

      (a)

A residential gas-fired direct vent and through the wall type water heater

shall be vented in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations and shall

be installed in accordance with the Fuel Gas Code incorporated by reference in

the Kentucky Building Code filed in 815 KAR 7:120.

      (b)1.

The vent terminal of a direct vent appliance with an input of 50,000 BTU per

hour or less shall be located at least nine (9) inches from any opening through

which flue gases could enter a building.

      2.

An appliance with an input over 50,000 BTU per hour shall require a twelve (12)

inch vent termination clearance.

      (c)

The bottom of the vent terminal and the air intake shall be located at least

twelve (12) inches above grade.

      (12)

An instantaneous water heater not listed in 815 KAR 20:020 shall:

      (a)

1. Be certified to ANSI Z21.10.1 for units including but not exceeding 75,000

BTUs; or

      2.

Be certified to ANSI Z21.10.3 for units exceeding 75,000 BTUs;

      (b)

Have a minimum of 3/4 inch inlet and outlet;

      (c)

Be installed with a properly sized pressure relief valve not exceeding 150

pounds per square inch; and

      (d)

If required by the manufacturer to be periodically flushed, be installed to

flush without altering the installation.

      (13)

Temperature and pressure relief valves shall be installed in accordance to

manufacturer’s requirements.

 

      Section

12. Conservation of Water. (1) Conservation of hot water.

      (a)

Showers. A shower used for other than safety reasons shall be equipped with an

approved flow control device, which shall limit the total flow to a maximum of

two and one-half (2.5) gallons per minute per shower head.

      (b)

Lavatories.

      1.

Lavatories in restrooms of public facilities shall be equipped with an outlet

device, which shall limit the flow of domestic hot water to a maximum of 0.75

gallons per minute.

      2.

Lavatory faucets (other than those in restrooms of public facilities) shall be

equipped with a flow control device, which shall limit the flow of domestic hot

water to a maximum of two (2.0) gallons per minute.

      3.

Sink faucets shall be equipped with a flow control device, which shall limit

the flow of domestic hot water to a maximum of two and one-half (2.5) gallons

per minute.

      (2)

Conservation of cold water.

      (a)

Showers. A shower used for other than safety reasons shall be equipped with an

approved control device to limit the total flow to a maximum of two and

one-half (2.5) gallons per minute per shower head.

      (b)

Lavatory and sink faucets.

      1.

Lavatory faucets. Lavatory faucets shall be equipped with a flow control device,

which shall limit the flow of the domestic cold water to a maximum of two (2.0)

gallons per minute.

      2.

Sink faucets. Sink faucets shall be equipped with a flow control device, which

shall limit the flow of domestic cold water to a maximum of two and one-half

(2.5) gallons per minute.

      (c)

Water closets. A water closet shall not be installed in a facility or building

unless it is of a type designed and manufactured to limit the gallons per flush

as required by this subsection.

      1.

Residential (private use) installations. A water closet for private use in a

single family dwelling, duplex, or townhouse, condominium or apartment unit

shall not exceed one and six-tenths (1.6) gallons per flush.

      2.

Commercial (public use) installations. A water closet for public use, including

a commercial building, shall not exceed three and one-half (3.5) gallons per

flush.

      (d)

Urinals. A urinal shall not exceed one (1.0) gallon per flush.

      (3)(a)

The provisions of this section shall apply to new construction, renovation, or

replacement in an existing structure.

      (b)

Upon compliance with the requirements of this section, the Division of Plumbing

shall permit the installation of a tank type water closet equipped with devices

found by the inspector to meet applicable specifications in water closets

having a tank capacity in excess of three and one-half (3 1/2) gallons

(thirteen and three-tenths (13.3) liters).

      (c)

The Division of Plumbing shall allow the use of a standard flush water closet

and a urinal that does not meet the specific specifications if the configuration

of the building drainage system requires a greater quantity of water to adequately

flush the system, or if the owner requests the use of antique fixtures that

would not be equipped for reduced flow. (Recodified from 401 KAR 1:040, 7-5-1978;

Am. 8 Ky.R. 361; 769; eff. 1-6-1982; 9 Ky.R. 46; eff. 8-11-1982; 833; eff. 2-2-1983;

1237; eff. 6-1-1983; 10 Ky.R. 453; eff. 11-2-83; 11 Ky.R. 73; eff. 8-7-1984; 13

Ky.R. 785; eff. 11-11-1986; 1940; eff. 6-9-1987; 16 Ky.R. 1270; eff. 1-25-1990;

19 Ky.R. 1002; 1387; eff. 12-8-1992; 20 Ky.R. 3117; eff. 7-7-1994; 21 Ky.R.

1391; eff. 1-9-1995; 2533; eff. 6-1-1995; 23 Ky.R. 3975; eff. 6-25-1997; 32

Ky.R. 2365; 33 Ky.R. 406; eff. 9-1-2006; 35 Ky.R. 2588; 36 Ky.R. 85; eff.

7-29-2009; 37 Ky.R. 2759; eff. 8-5-2011; 41 Ky.R. 169; eff. 9-24-2014.)
Read Entire Law on www.lrc.ky.gov