Statutory Rules of Northern Ireland
1996 No. 119
HEALTH AND SAFETY
Health and Safety (Safety Signs and Signals) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1996
26th March 1996
Coming into operation
1st May 1996
The Department of Economic Development and the Department of Agriculture, acting jointly as the Department concerned(1), in exercise of the powers conferred by Articles 17(1), (2) and (3)(2) and 55(2) of, and paragraphs 1(1), (3) and (4), 8, 11, 13 and 17(a) of Schedule 3 to, the Health and Safety at Work (Northern Ireland) Order 1978(3) and of every other power enabling them in that behalf, after consultation in accordance with Article 46(1) of that Order with the Health and Safety Agency for Northern Ireland and such other bodies as appeared to them to be appropriate, hereby make the following Regulations:—
Citation and commencement
1. These Regulations may be cited as the Health and Safety (Safety Signs and Signals) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1996 and shall come into operation on 1st May 1996.
2.—(1) In these Regulations—
“acoustic signal” means a coded sound signal which is released and transmitted by a device designed for that purpose, without the use of a human or artificial voice;
“dangerous goods” has the meaning assigned to it by regulation 2(1) of the Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road and Rail (Classification, Packaging and Labelling) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1995(4);
“emergency escape or first-aid sign” means a sign giving information on escape routes or emergency exits or first-aid or rescue facilities;
“fire safety sign” means a sign (including an illuminated sign or an acoustic signal) which—
provides information on escape routes and emergency exits in case of fire;
provides information on the identification or location of fire-fighting equipment; or
gives warning in the case of fire;
“hand signal” means a movement or position of the arms or hands or a combination thereof, in coded form, for guiding persons who are carrying out manoeuvres which create a risk to the health or safety of persons at work;
“illuminated sign” means a sign produced by a device made of transparent or translucent materials which are illuminated from the inside or the rear in such a way as to give the appearance of a luminous surface;
“mandatory sign” means a sign giving instructions or information in relation to specified behaviour or action;
“offshore installation” has the same meaning as in the Offshore Installations and Pipeline Works (Management and Administration) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1995(5);
“prohibition sign” means a sign prohibiting behaviour likely to cause a risk to health or safety;
“safety colour” means a colour to which a meaning is assigned;
“safety sign” means a sign referring to a specific object, activity or situation and providing information or instructions about health or safety at work by means of a signboard, a safety colour, an illuminated sign, an acoustic signal, a verbal communication or a hand signal;
“signboard” means a sign which provides information or instructions by a combination of geometric shape, colour and a symbol or pictogram and which is rendered visible by lighting of sufficient intensity;
“symbol or pictogram” means a figure which describes a situation or gives instructions or information in relation to specified behaviour or action and which is used on a signboard or illuminated surface;
“territorial waters” means United Kingdom territorial waters adjacent to Northern Ireland and “within territorial waters” includes on, over and under them;
“verbal communication” means a pre-determined spoken message communicated by a human or artificial voice;
“vessel” includes a hovercraft and any floating structure which is capable of being staffed;
“warning sign” means a sign giving a warning of a risk to health or safety.
(2) Any reference in these Regulations to a sign providing instructions includes a mandatory sign, a prohibition sign and a warning sign.
3. These Regulations shall not apply—
(a)to signs used in connection with the supply of any dangerous substance, preparation, product or equipment except to the extent that any statutory provision which requires such signs makes reference to these Regulations;
(b)to dangerous goods during the course of their transport by road, rail, inland waterway, sea and air;
(c)subject to regulation 4(6), to signs used for regulating road, rail, inland waterway, sea or air traffic; or
(d)to or in relation to the master or crew of a sea-going ship or to the employer of such persons in respect of normal ship-board activities of a ship’s crew under the direction of the master.
Provision and maintenance of safety signs
4.—(1) Paragraph (4) shall apply if the risk assessment made under regulation 3(1) of the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1992(6) indicates that the employer concerned, having adopted all appropriate techniques for collective protection, and measures, methods or procedures used in the organisation of work, cannot avoid or adequately reduce risks to employees except by the provision of appropriate safety signs to warn or instruct, or both, of the nature of those risks and the measures to be taken to protect against them.
(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1), risks shall only be treated as having been adequately reduced if, having adopted the appropriate techniques, measures, methods or procedures referred to in that paragraph, there is no longer a significant risk of harm having regard to the magnitude and nature of the risks arising from the work concerned.
(3) Without prejudice to paragraph (1), sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) of paragraph (4) shall also apply in relation to fire safety signs where they are required to comply with the provisions of any statutory provision.
(4) Where this paragraph applies, the employer shall (without prejudice to the requirements as to the signs contained in regulation 11(2) of the Offshore Installations (Prevention of Fire and Explosion, and Emergency Response) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1995(7))—
(a)in accordance with the requirements set out in Parts I to VII of Schedule 1, provide and maintain any appropriate safety sign (other than a hand signal or verbal communication) described in those Parts, or ensure that such sign is in place; and
(b)subject to paragraph (5), in accordance with the requirements of Parts I, VIII and IX of Schedule 1, ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, that any appropriate hand signal or verbal communication described in those Parts is used; and
(c)provide and maintain any safety sign provided in pursuance of paragraph (6) or ensure that such sign is in place.
(5) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (b) of paragraph (4), the appropriate hand signal described in the documents specified in Schedule 2 shall be an alternative to the corresponding hand signal described in paragraph 3 of Part IX of Schedule 1.
(6) Where it is appropriate to provide safety signs in accordance with paragraph (1) because at a place of work there is a risk to the health or safety of any employee in connection with the presence or movement of traffic (including pedestrians in relation to such traffic) and there is an appropriate sign in that connection prescribed by regulations made under the Road Traffic (Northern Ireland) Order 1981(8), that sign shall be used whether or not that Order applies to that place of work.
Information, instruction and training
5.—(1) Every employer shall ensure that comprehensible and relevant information on the measures to be taken in connection with safety signs is provided to each of his employees.
(2) Every employer shall ensure that each of his employees receives suitable and sufficient instruction and training in the meaning of safety signs and the measures to be taken in connection with safety signs.
6. These Regulations shall not have effect in relation to any fire safety signs lawfully in use immediately before the coming into operation of these Regulations until 24th December 1998.
7. Notwithstanding regulation 4 of the Health and Safety (Enforcing Authority) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1993(9), the enforcing authority in relation to fire safety signs provided in pursuance of regulation 4(4) as applied by regulation 4(3) (signs provided to comply with the provisions of any statutory provision) shall be—
(a)the Department, in the case of—
(i)premises where the Fire Certificate (Special Premises) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1991(10) apply; or
(ii)any of the premises and activities within territorial waters mentioned in Schedule 4; or
(b)in any other case, the authority responsible for enforcing the relevant provision of the statutory provision which applies to the case.
Revocations and amendments
8.—(1) The Regulations referred to in column 1 of Part I of Schedule 3 shall be revoked to the extent specified in column 3 of that Part.
(2) The Regulations referred to in Part II of Schedule 3 shall be amended to the extent specified in that Part.
Sealed with the Official Seal of the Department of Economic Development on 26th March 1996.
Philip B. Strong
Sealed with the Official Seal of the Department of Agriculture on 26th March 1996.
Regulation 4(4) and (5)
Part IMinimum requirements concerning safety signs and signals at work
1.1. Where safety signs are required by these Regulations, they must conform to the specific requirements in Parts II to IX.
1.2. This Part introduces those requirements, describes the different uses of safety signs, and gives general rules on the interchanging and combining of signs.
1.3. Safety signs must be used only to convey the message or information specified in this Schedule.
Types of signs
2.1.1. Permanent signboards must be used for signs relating to prohibitions, warnings and mandatory requirements and the location and identification of emergency escape routes and first-aid facilities.
Signboards and/or a safety colour must be used to mark permanently the location and identification of fire-fighting equipment.
2.1.2. Signboards on containers and pipes must be placed as laid down in Part III.
2.1.3. Places where there is a risk of colliding with obstacles or of falling must be permanently marked with a safety colour and/or with signboards.
2.1.4. Traffic routes must be permanently marked with a safety colour.
2.2.1. Illuminated signs, acoustic signals and/or verbal communication must be used where the occasion requires, taking into account the possibilities for interchanging and combining signs set out in paragraph 3, to signal danger, to call persons to take a specific course of action and for the emergency evacuation of persons.
2.2.2. Hand signals and/or verbal communication must be used where the occasion requires, to guide persons carrying out hazardous or dangerous manoeuvres.
Interchanging and combining signs
3.1. Any one of the following may be used if equally effective:
a safety colour or a signboard to mark places where there is an obstacle or a drop,
illuminated signs, acoustic signals or verbal communication,
hand signals or verbal communication.
3.2. Some types of signs may be used together:
illuminated signs and acoustic signals,
illuminated signs and verbal communication,
hand signals and verbal communication.
4. The instructions in the table below apply to all signs incorporating a safety colour.
Meaning or purpose
Instructions and information
Stop, shutdown, emergency cut out devices Evacuate
Identification and location
Yellow — or Amber
Be careful, take precautions
Specific behaviour or action
Wear personal protective equipment
Emergency escape, first aid sign
Doors, exits, routes, equipment, facilities
Return to normal
5. The effectiveness of a sign must not be adversely affected by:
5.1. the presence of another emission source of the same type which interferes with visibility or audibility; therefore, in particular,
5.1.1. the placing of too many signs too close together should be avoided;
5.1.2. two illuminated signs which are likely to be confused are not to be used at the same time;
5.1.3. an illuminated sign is not to be used in the proximity of another similar illuminated source;
5.1.4. two acoustic signals are not to be used at the same time;
5.1.5. an acoustic signal is not to be used if there is too much ambient noise;
5.2. poor design, insufficient number, incorrect positioning, poor state of repair or incorrect functioning of the signs or signalling devices.
6. Depending on requirements, signs and signalling devices must be cleaned, maintained, checked, repaired, and if necessary replaced on a regular basis to ensure that they retain their intrinsic and/or functional qualities.
7. The number and positioning of signs or signalling devices to be installed will depend on the extent of the hazards or dangers or on the zone to be covered.
8. Signs requiring some form of power must be provided with a guaranteed emergency supply in the event of a power cut, unless the hazard has thereby been eliminated.
9. The triggering of an illuminated sign and/or acoustic signal indicates when the required action should start; the sign or signal must be activated for as long as the action requires. Illuminated signs and acoustic signals must be reactivated immediately after use.
10. Illuminated signs and acoustic signals must be checked to ensure that they function correctly and that they are effective before they are put into service and subsequently at sufficiently frequent intervals.
11. If the hearing or the sight of the workers concerned is impaired, including impairment by the wearing of personal protective equipment, measures must be taken to supplement or replace the signs concerned.
12. Areas, rooms or enclosures used for the storage of significant quantities of dangerous substances or preparations must be indicated by a suitable warning sign taken from paragraph 3.2 of Part II, or marked as provided in paragraph 1 of Part III, unless the labelling of the individual packages of containers is adequate for this purpose.
Part IIMinimum general requirements concerning signboards
1.1. The shape and colours of signboards are set out in paragraph 3, in accordance with their specific object (signboards indicating a prohibition, a warning, a mandatory action, an escape route, an emergency or fire-fighting equipment).
1.2. Pictograms must be as simple as possible and should contain only essential details.
1.3. The pictograms used may be slightly different from or more detailed than those shown in paragraph 3, provided that they convey the same meaning and that no difference or adaptation obscures the meaning.
1.4. Signboards are to be made of shock and weather-resistant material suitable for the surrounding environment.
1.5. The dimensions and colorimetric and photometric features of signboards must be such that they can be easily seen and understood.
Conditions of use
2.1. Signboards are in principle to be installed at a suitable height and in a position appropriate to the line of sight, taking account of any obstacles, either at the access point to an area in the case of a general hazard, or in the immediate vicinity of a specific hazard or object and in a well-lit and easily accessible and visible location.
Without prejudice to the provisions of Directive 89/654/EEC(11), phosphorescent colours, reflective materials or artificial lighting should be used where the level of natural light is poor.
2.2. The signboard must be removed when the situation to which it refers ceases to exist.
Signboards to be used
3.1. Prohibitory signs
black pictogram on white background, red edging and diagonal line (the red part to take up at least 35% of the area of the sign).
Signs to be used:
Smoking and naked flames forbidden
No access for pedestrians
Do not extinguish with water
No access for unauthorised persons
No access for industrial vehicles
Do not touch
3.2. Intrinsic features:
black pictogram on a yellow background with black edging (the yellow part to take up at least 50% of the area of the sign).
Flammable material or high temperature(12)
Strong magnetic field
Harmful or irritant material(14)
3.3. Intrinsic features:
white pictogram on a blue background (the blue part to take up at least 50% of the area of the sign).
Eye protection must be worn
Safety helmet must be worn
Ear protection must be worn
Respiratory equipment must be worn
Safety boots must be worn
Safety gloves must be worn
Safety overalls must be worn
Face protectionmust be worn
Safety harness must be worn
Pedestrians must use this route
General mandatory sign (to be accompanied where necessary by another sign)
Emergency escape or first-aid signs
3.4. Intrinsic features:
rectangular or square shape
white pictogram on a green background (the green part to take up at least 50% of the area of the sign).
Emergency exit/escape route
This way (supplementary information sign)
Emergency telephone for first-aid or escape
3.5. Intrinsic features:
rectangular or square shape
white pictogram on a red background (the red part to take up at least 50% of the area of the sign).
Emergency fire telephone
This way (supplementary information sign)
Part IIIMinimum requirements governing signs on containers and pipes
1. Containers used at work for dangerous substances or preparations defined in Directives 67/548/EEC(15) and 88/379/EEC(16) and containers used for the storage of such dangerous substances or preparations, together with the visible pipes containing or transporting dangerous substances and preparations, must be labelled (pictogram or symbol against a coloured background) in accordance with those Directives.
Paragraph 1 does not apply to containers used at work for brief periods nor to containers whose contents change frequently, provided that alternative adequate measures are taken, in particular for information and/or training, which guarantee the same level of protection.
The labels referred to in paragraph 1 may be:
replaced by warning signs as provided for in Part II, using the same pictograms or symbols,
supplemented by additional information, such as the name and/or formula of the dangerous substance or preparation and details of the hazard,
for the transporting of containers at the place of work, supplemented or replaced by signs applicable throughout the Community for the transport of dangerous substances or preparations.
2. Signs must be mounted as follows:
on the visible side(s),
in unpliable, self-adhesive or painted form.
3. Where appropriate, the signs referred to in paragraph 1 of this Part must have the intrinsic features defined in paragraph 1.4 of Part II and must fulfil the conditions of use for signboards laid down in paragraph 2 of Part II.
4. Without prejudice to paragraphs 1, 2 and 3, the labels used on pipes must be positioned visibly in the vicinity of the most dangerous points, such as valves and joints, and at reasonable intervals.
5. Areas, rooms or enclosures used for the storage of significant quantities of dangerous substances or preparations must be indicated by a suitable warning sign taken from paragraph 3.2 of Part II, or marked as provided in paragraph 1 of Part III, unless the labelling of the individual packages or containers is adequate for this purpose, taking into account Part II, paragraph 1.5 with regard to dimensions.
Stores of a number of dangerous substances or preparations may be indicated by the warning sign for general danger.
The signs or labels referred to above must be positioned, as appropriate, near the storage area or on the door leading into the storage room.
Part IVMinimum requirements for the identification and location of fire-fighting equipment
1. This Part applies to equipment used exclusively for fire-fighting purposes.
2. Fire-fighting equipment must be identified by using a specific colour for the equipment and placing a location signboard, and/or by using a specific colour for the places where such equipment is kept, or their access points.
3. The colour for identifying this equipment is red.
The red area must be sufficiently large to allow the equipment to be identified easily.
4. The signboards provided for in paragraph 3.5 of Part II must be used to mark the locations of this equipment.
Part VMinimum requirements governing signs used for obstacles and dangerous locations, and for marking traffic routes
Signs for obstacles and dangerous locations
1.1. Places where there is a risk of colliding with obstacles, of falling or of objects falling should be marked with alternating yellow and black, or red and white stripes in built-up zones in the undertaking to which workers have access during their work.
1.2. The dimensions of the markings must be commensurate with the scale of the obstacle or dangerous location in question.
1.3. The yellow and black or red and white stripes must be at an angle of approximately 45° and of more or less equal size.
Marking of traffic routes
2.1. Where the use and equipment of rooms so requires for the protection of workers, traffic routes for vehicles must be clearly identified by continuous stripes in a clearly visible colour, preferably white or yellow, taking into account the colour of the ground.
2.2. The stripes must be located so as to indicate the necessary safe distance between the vehicles and any object which may be near by, and between pedestrians and vehicles.
2.3. Permanent traffic routes in built-up areas outdoors should, as far as is practicable, be similarly marked, unless they are provided with suitable barriers or pavements.
Part VIMinimum requirements for illuminated signs
1.1. The light emitted by a sign must produce a luminous contrast which is appropriate to its environment, in accordance with the intended conditions of use of the sign, but without producing glare for an excessive amount of light or poor visibility as a result of insufficient light.
1.2. The luminous area emitting a sign may be of a single colour or contain a pictogram on a specified background.
1.3. The single colour must correspond to the table of colours and their meanings set out in paragraph 4 of Part I.
1.4. Likewise, when the sign contains a pictogram, the latter must comply with all the relevant rules set out in Part II.
Specific rules governing use
2.1. If a device can emit both continuous and intermittent signs, the intermittent sign should be used to indicate a higher level of danger or a more urgent need for the requested/imposed intervention or action than is indicated by the continuous sign.
The duration of each flash and the frequency of the flashes of an intermittent illuminated sign must be such as to:
ensure the proper perception of the message, and
avoid any confusion either between different illuminated signs or with a continuous illuminated sign.
2.2. If a flashing sign is used instead of, or together with, an acoustic signal, identical codes must be used.
2.3. Devices for emitting flashing signs in the event of grave danger must be under special surveillance or be fitted with an auxiliary lamp.
Part VIIMinimum requirements for acoustic signals
1.1. Acoustic signals must:
(a)have a sound level which is considerably higher than the level of ambient noise, so that it is audible without being excessive or painful;
(b)be easily recognizable, particularly in terms of pulse length and the interval between pulses or groups of pulses, and be clearly distinct from any other acoustic signal and ambient noises.
1.2. If a device can emit an acoustic signal at variable and constant frequencies, the variable frequency should be used to indicate a higher level of danger or a more urgent need for the requested/imposed intervention or action in relation to the stable frequency.
2. The signal for evacuation must be continuous.
Part VIIIMinimum requirements for verbal communication
1.1. Verbal communication between a speaker or emitter and one or more hearers is to take the form of (sometimes coded) short texts, phrases, groups of words and/or individual words.
1.2. Spoken messages are to be as short, simple and clear as possible; the verbal skills of the speaker and the hearing abilities of the hearer(s) must be such as to ensure reliable verbal communication.
1.3. Verbal communication is direct (by means of the human voice) or indirect (by means of a human or artificial voice which is broadcast by whatever means is appropriate).
Specific rules governing use
2.1. The persons involved must have a good knowledge of the language used so that they are able to pronounce and understand the spoken message correctly and consequently behave in a way which is appropriate to health and/or safety.
2.2. If verbal communication is used instead of, or together with, gestures, code words should be used such as:
to indicate the start of a command.
to interrupt or end a movement.
to stop the operation.
to have a load raised.
to have a load lowered.
} to be co-ordinated with the corresponding hand signals.
for an emergency stop.
to speed up a movement for safety reasons.
Part IXMinimum requirements for hand signals
1. Hand signals must be precise, simple, expansive, easy to make and to understand, and clearly distinct from other such signals.
Where both arms are used at the same time, they must be moved symmetrically and used for giving one sign only.
Provided that they fulfil the conditions given above, the signals used may vary slightly from or be more detailed than those shown in paragraph 3; they must, however, be equally meaningful and comprehensible.
Specific rules governing use
2.1. The person giving the signs, hereinafter referred to as the “signalman”, will use arm/hand movements to give manoeuvring instructions to the person receiving the signs, hereinafter referred to as the “operator”.
2.2. The signalman must be able to monitor all manoeuvres visually without being endangered thereby.
2.3. The signalman’s duties must consist exclusively of directing manoeuvres and ensuring the safety of workers in the vicinity.
2.4. If the conditions described in paragraph 2.2 are not fulfilled, one or more extra signalmen should be deployed.
2.5. The operator must interrupt the ongoing manoeuvre in order to request new instructions when he is unable to carry out the orders he has received with the necessary safety guarantees.
2.6. The operator must be able to recognize the signalman without difficulty.
The signalman is to wear one or more appropriate distinctive items, e.g. a jacket, helmet, sleeves or armbands, or carry bats.
The distinctive items are to be brightly coloured, preferably all of the same colour and for the exclusive use of signalmen.
Coded signals to be used
The following set of coded signals are without prejudice to other codes applicable at Community level, used for the same manoeuvres in certain sectors:
A. General signals
START Attention Start of Command
both arms are extended horizontally with the palms facing forwards.
STOP Interruption End of movement
the right arm points upwards with the palm facing forwards.
END of the operation
both hands are clasped at chest height.
B. Vertical movements
the right arm points upwards with the palm facing forward and slowly makes a circle.
the right arm points downwards with the palm facing inwards and slowly makes a circle.
the hands indicate the relevant distance.
C. Horizontal movements
both arms are bent with the palms facing upwards, and the forearms make slow movements towards the body.
both arms are bent with the palms facing downwards, and the forearms make slow movements away from the body.
RIGHT to the signalman's
the right arm is extended more or less horizontally with the palm facing downwards and slowly makes small movements to the right.
LEFT to the signalman's
the left arm is extended more or less horizontally with the palm facing downwards and slowly makes small movements to the left.
the hands indicate the relevant distance.
DANGER Emergency stop
both arms point upwards with the palms facing forwards.
all movements faster.
all movements slower.
SCHEDULE 2Documents specifying alternative hand signals
1. The standards issued by the British Standards Institution with the following standard numbers—
BS6736:1986 Hand Signals for Agricultural Operations.
BS7121: 1989 Code of practice for safe use of cranes.
2. Appendix C of the Fire Service Training Manual.
Extent of Revocation
The Offshore Installations (Operational Safety, Health and Welfare) Regulations 1976
S.I. 1976/1019; to which there are amendments not relevant to these Regulations.
Regulation 2(2), as respects Northern Ireland
Safety Signs Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1981
S.R. 1981 No. 352
The whole Regulations
1. In regulation 9 of the Noise at Work Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1990(17)—
(a)in paragraph (1)(a), for the words “in paragraph A.3.3 of Appendix A to Part I of BS5378” there shall be substituted the words “for the purpose of indicating ‘ear protection must be worn’ in paragraph 3.3 of Part II of Schedule 1 to the Health and Safety (Safety Signs and Signals) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1996 (S.R. 1996 No. 119)”; and
(b)in paragraph (2), the words from ‘and “Part I of BS5378” ’ to the end of the paragraph shall be deleted.
2. In the Dangerous Substances (Notification and Marking of Sites) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1992(18)—
(a)in regulation 2(1)—
(i)after the definition of “the 1995 Regulations” there shall be inserted the following definition—
““the Safety Signs Regulations” means the Health and Safety (Safety Signs and Signals) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1996 (S.R. 1996 No. 119);”, and
(ii)the definition of “Part I of BS5378” shall be deleted;
(b)in regulation 5(2), for the words “clause 3.6 of Part I of BS5378” there shall be substituted the words “paragraph 3.2 of Part II of Schedule 1 to the Safety Signs Regulations”;
(c)for regulation 6(3) there shall be substituted—
“(3) The safety signs referred to in paragraph (1) shall be warning signs as defined by paragraph 3.2 of Part II of Schedule 1 to the Safety Signs Regulations, and all such signs shall comply with that Part with respect to colours and layout.”
SCHEDULE 4Premises and activities within territorial waters
1. Any of the premises and activities mentioned in regulation 4(1) of the Offshore Installations and Pipeline Works (Management and Administration) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1995(19).
2.—(a) The working of a mine, any premises and activities relating to the working of a mine and to work for the purpose of or in connection with the working of any part of a mine, including any mine or part of a mine extending beyond territorial waters;
(b)In this paragraph “mine” and “working of a mine” have the same meaning as in the Mines Act (Northern Ireland) 1969(20).
3.—(a) The construction, reconstruction, alteration, repair, maintenance, cleaning, demolition and dismantling of any building or other structure not being a vessel, or any preparation for any such activity;
(b)the loading, unloading, fuelling or provisioning of a vessel;
(c)(i)subject to head (ii), diving operations;
(ii)for the purposes of this Schedule, a person shall be deemed to be engaged in diving operations throughout any period from the time when he commences to prepare for diving until the time when—
(aa)he is no longer subjected to raised pressure;
(bb)he has normal inert gas partial pressure in his tissues; and
(cc)if he entered the water, he has left it,
and diving operations include the activity of any person in connection with the health and safety of a person who is, or is deemed to be, engaged in diving operations;
(d)the construction, reconstruction, finishing, refitting, repair, maintenance, cleaning or breaking up of a vessel except when carried out by the master or any officer or member of the crew of that vessel; and
(e)the maintaining on a station of a vessel which would be an offshore installation were it not a structure to which regulation 3(2)(d) of the Offshore and Pipelines (Management and Administration) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1995 applies;
except that this paragraph shall not apply to vessels which are registered outside the United Kingdom and are on passage through territorial waters.
(This note is not part of the Regulations.)
1. These Regulations impose requirements in relation to the provision and use of safety signs and signals and implement as respects Northern Ireland Council Directive 92/58/EEC (O.J. No. L245, 26.8.92, p. 23) on the minimum requirements for the provision of safety and/or health signs at work.
2. The terms used in the Regulations are defined in regulation 2 and the circumstances in which the Regulations do not apply are set out in regulation 3. The exclusions include signs used in relation to the supply of equipment or substances, for the transport of dangerous goods and for the regulation of transport.
3. By regulation 4, safety signs are required to comply with the descriptions in Schedule 1. They must be provided where the risk assessment made under regulation 3 of the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1992 (S.R. 1992 No. 459) indicates that the risks cannot be avoided or adequately controlled in other ways. Fire safety signs must also be provided where they are required to comply with the provisions of any statutory provision. The regulation also requires that safety signs (other than a hand signal or verbal communication) are maintained. With certain exceptions (set out in Schedule 2) the hand signals to be used are described in Schedule 1.
4. Regulation 5 requires that employees receive adequate instruction and training in the meaning of safety signs and the measures to be taken in connection with safety signs and regulation 6 provides for transitional periods in relation to fire safety signs already in use. Regulation 7 provides for enforcement. The Safety Signs Regulations (Northern Ireland) 1981 are revoked and consequential amendments are made to other Regulations (regulation 8 and Schedule 3).
5. Copies of the documents referred to in Schedule 2 are obtainable as follows—
(a)the British Standards referred to in Schedule 2, from BSI Standards, 389 Chiswick High Road, London, W4 4AL;
(b)Appendix C of the Fire Service Training Manual (ISBN 0 11 341091 3), from Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, 16 Arthur Street, Belfast BT1 4GD.
6. A person who contravenes the Regulations is guilty of an offence under Article 31 of the Health and Safety at Work (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 and is liable, on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum (currently £5,000) or, on conviction on indictment, to a fine.
See Article 2(2) of S.I. 1978/1039 (N.I. 9)
Article 17 must be read with S.I. 1992/1728 (N.I. 17), Article 3(2)
S.I. 1978/1039 (N.I. 9); the general purposes of Part II referred to in Article 17(1) were extended by S.I. 1992/1728 (N.I. 17), Article 3(1)
S.R. 1995 No. 47
S.R. 1995 No. 340
S.R. 1992 No. 459, as amended by S.R. 1994 No. 478
S.R. 1995 No. 345
S.I. 1981/154 (N.I. 1), to which there are amendments not relevant to the subject matter of these Regulations
S.R. 1993 No. 147
S.R. 1991 No. 446, as amended by S.R. 1991 No. 509 regulation 37(4) and S.R. 1992 No. 413 regulation 3 and Schedule 2
O.J. No. L393, 30.12.89, p. 1
In the absence of a specific sign for high temperature
Pictogram laid down in Council Directive 90/679/EEC of 26 November 1990 on the protection of workers from the risks related to exposure to biological agents at work (Seventh individual Directive within the meaning of Article 16(1) of Directive 89/391/EEC) O.J. No. L374, 31.12.1990, p. 1
The background to this sign may exceptionally be amber if justified in order to differentiate it from a similar road safety sign
O.J. No. L196, 16.8.1967, p. 1
O.J. No. L187, 16.7.1988, p. 14
S.R. 1990 No. 147, to which there are amendments not relevant to these Regulations
S.R. 1992 No. 71; regulation 2(1) was amended by S.R. 1995 No. 47 regulation 17(4)(a)
S.R. 1995 No. 340
1969 c. 6 (N.I.)