The Sea Fishing (Enforcement of Community Quota Measures) Order 1995

Link to law: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/1995/908/made/data.htm?wrap=true
Published: 1995-03-21

Statutory Instruments
1995 No. 908

SEA FISHERIES
COMMUNITY RESTRICTIONS
The Sea Fishing (Enforcement of Community Quota Measures) Order 1995

Made
21st March 1995

Laid before Parliament
28th March 1995

Coming into force
18th April 1995

The Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and the Secretaries of State respectively concerned with sea fishing in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, in exercise of the powers conferred on them by section 30(2) and (3) of the Fisheries Act 1981(1) and of all other powers enabling them in that behalf, hereby make the following Order:

Title and commencement

1.  This Order may be cited as the Sea Fishing (Enforcement of Community Quota Measures) Order 1995, and shall come into force on 18th April 1995.

Interpretation

2.—(1) In this Order—

“British fishing boat” means a boat which is registered in the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man or any of the Channel Islands;

“the Council Regulation” means Council Regulation (EC) No. 3362/94 fixing, for certain fish stocks and groups of fish stocks, the total allowable catches for 1995 and certain conditions under which they may be fished(2);

“specified Community provision” means a provision of the Council Regulation specified in column 1 of the Schedule to this Order as read with any qualifying words relating to that provision in that column.

(2) In this Order any reference to a document includes, in addition to a document in writing—

(a)any map, plan, graph or drawing;

(b)any photograph;

(c)any disk, tape, sound track or other device in which sounds or other data (not being visual aids) are recorded so as to be capable (with or without the aid of some other equipment) of being reproduced therefrom; and

(d)any film (including microfilm), negative, tape, disk or other device in which one or more visual images are recorded so as to be capable (as aforesaid) of being reproduced therefrom.

Offences

3.—(1) Where there is, in respect of—

(a)any British fishing boat wherever it may be; or

(b)any other fishing boat which is within British fishery limits,

a contravention of, or failure to comply with, any specified Community provision, the master, the owner and the charterer (if any) shall each be guilty of an offence.

(2) To the extent that paragraph (1)(b) above relates to vessels flying the flag of Norway, this article shall apply to such vessels only until 31st March 1995.

Penalties

4.—(1) A person guilty of an offence under article 3 of this Order shall be liable on summary conviction—

(a)to a fine not exceeding the amount specified in column 3 of the Schedule to this Order in relation to the specified Community provision, the contravention of, or failure to comply with which, founded the offence; and

(b)either—

(i)to a fine not exceeding the value of any fish in respect of which the offence was committed; or

(ii)to the forfeiture of any fish in respect of which the offence was committed; and

(c)to the forfeiture of any net or other fishing gear which was used in the course of the commission of the offence.

(2) A person guilty of an offence under article 3 of this Order shall be liable on conviction on indictment—

(a)to a fine; and

(b)to the forfeiture of any fish in respect of which the offence was committed; and

(c)to the forfeiture of any net or other fishing gear which was used in the course of the commission of the offence.

Recovery of fines

5.—(1) Where a fine is imposed by a magistrates' court in England and Wales or Northern Ireland on the master, owner or charterer of a fishing boat who is convicted by the court of an offence under article 3 of this Order, the court may—

(a)issue a warrant of distress against the boat and its gear and catch and any property of the person convicted for the purpose of levying the amount of the fine; and

(b)order the boat to be detained for a period not exceeding three months from the date of the conviction or until the fine is paid or the amount of the fine is levied in pursuance of any such warrant, whichever occurs first.

(2) Where a fine is imposed by a sheriff in Scotland on the master, owner or charterer of a fishing boat who is convicted by the sheriff of an offence under article 3 of this Order, the sheriff may—

(a)issue a warrant for the arrestment and sale of the boat and its gear and catch and any property of the person convicted; and

(b)order the boat to be detained for a period not exceeding three months from the date of the conviction or until the fine is paid, whichever occurs first.

(3) Sections 77(1) and 78 of the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980(3) (postponement of issue of, and defects in, warrants of distress) shall apply to a warrant of distress issued under this article in England and Wales as they apply to a warrant of distress issued under Part III of that Act.

(4) Articles 114(2) and 154 of the Magistrates' Courts (Northern Ireland) Order 1981(4) (postponement of issue of certain warrants and objections as to want of form or variance between complaint etc and evidence adduced) shall apply to a warrant of distress issued under this article in Northern Ireland as it applies to a warrant referred to in those articles.

Powers of British sea-fishery officers in relation to fishing boats

6.—(1) For the purpose of enforcing article 3 of this Order a British sea-fishery officer may exercise in relation to—

(a)any British fishing boat wherever it may be; or

(b)any other fishing boat which is within British fishery limits,

the powers conferred by paragraphs (2) to (4) of this article.

(2) He may go on board the boat, with or without persons assigned to assist him in his duties, and may require the boat to stop and do anything else which will facilitate either the boarding of, or the disembarkation from, the boat.

(3) He may require the attendance of the master and other persons on board the boat and may make any examination and inquiry which appears to him to be necessary for the purpose mentioned in paragraph (1) of this article and, in particular—

(a)may examine any fish on the boat and the equipment of the boat, including the fishing gear, and require persons on board the boat to do anything which appears to him to be necessary for facilitating the examination;

(b)may require any person on board the boat to produce any document relating to the boat, to any fishing operations or other operations ancillary thereto or to the persons on board which is in his custody or possession and may take copies of any such document;

(c)for the purpose of ascertaining whether an offence has been committed under article 3 of this Order, may search the boat for any such document and may require any person on board the boat to do anything which appears to him to be necessary for facilitating the search; and

(d)where the boat is one in relation to which he has reason to suspect that such an offence has been committed, may seize and detain any such document produced to him or found on board for the purpose of enabling the document to be used as evidence in proceedings for the offence;

but nothing in sub-paragraph (d) above shall permit any document required by law to be carried on board the boat to be seized and detained except while the boat is detained in a port.

(4) Where it appears to a British sea-fishery officer that an offence under article 3 of this Order has at any time been committed within British fishery limits, he may—

(a)require the master of the boat in relation to which the offence took place to take, or may himself take, the boat and its crew to the port which appears to him to be the nearest convenient port; and

(b)detain or require the master to detain the boat in the port;

and where such an officer detains or requires the detention of a boat he shall serve on the master a notice in writing stating that the boat will be or is required to be detained until the notice is withdrawn by the service on the master of a further notice in writing signed by a British sea-fishery officer.

Powers of British sea-fishery officers on land

7.  For the purpose of enforcing the provisions of article 3 of this Order, any British sea-fishery officer may—

(a)enter and inspect at any reasonable time any premises used for carrying on any business in connection with the operation of fishing boats or activities connected therewith or ancillary thereto or with the treatment, storage or sale of sea fish;

(b)take with him such other persons as appear to him to be necessary and any equipment or materials;

(c)examine any fish on the premises and require persons on the premises to do anything which appears to him to be necessary for facilitating the examination;

(d)carry out at such premises such other inspections or tests as may reasonably be necessary;

(e)require any person not to remove or cause to be removed any fish from such premises for such a period as may be reasonably necessary for the purposes of his examination of it;

(f)require any person on the premises to produce any documents which are in his custody or possession relating to the catching, landing, transportation, trans-shipment, sale or disposal of any sea fish;

(g)for the purpose of ascertaining whether any person on the premises has committed an offence under article 3 of this Order, may search the premises for any such document and may require any person on the premises to do anything which appears to him to be necessary for facilitating the search;

(h)inspect and take copies of any such document.

Powers of British sea-fishery officers to seize fish and fishing gear

8.  A British sea-fishery officer may seize—

(a)any fish (including any receptacle which contains the fish) in respect of which he has reasonable grounds to suspect that an offence under article 3 of this Order has been committed; and

(b)any net or other fishing gear which he has reasonable grounds to suspect has been used in the course of the commission of such an offence.

Obstruction of officers

9.  Any person who—

(a)fails without reasonable excuse to comply with any requirement imposed by a British sea-fishery officer under the powers conferred on him by articles 6 and 7 of this Order;

(b)without reasonable excuse prevents any other person from complying with any such requirement; or

(c)assaults an officer who is exercising any of the powers conferred on him by articles 6 to 8 of this Order or intentionally obstructs any such officer in the exercise of any of those powers,

shall be guilty of an offence and liable—

(i)on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum; or

(ii)on conviction on indictment to a fine.

Protection of officers

10.  An officer or a person assisting him by virtue of article 6(2) or 7(b) of this Order shall not be liable in any civil or criminal proceedings for anything done in the purported exercise of the powers conferred on him by articles 6 to 8 of this Order if the court is satisfied that the act was done in good faith, that there were reasonable grounds for doing it and that it was done with reasonable skill and care.

Offences by bodies corporate, partnerships and unincorporated associations

11.—(1) Where any offence under article 3 of this Order committed by a body corporate is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of, a director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate, or a person purporting to act in any such capacity, he, as well as the body corporate, shall be guilty of the offence and liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

(2) Where any offence under article 3 of this Order committed by a partnership is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of, a partner, he as well as the partnership shall be guilty of the offence and liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

(3) Where any offence under article 3 of this Order committed by an unincorporated association (other than a partnership) is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of, any officer of the association or any member of its governing body, he as well as the association shall be guilty of the offence and liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

Proceedings

12.  Proceedings for an offence under this Order may be taken, and the offence may for the purposes of the jurisdiction of the court to try offences, be treated as having been committed, in any place in the United Kingdom.

Admissibility in evidence of documents

13.  Any document required to be kept or held on board pursuant to Council Regulation (EC) No. 2847/93 establishing a control system applicable to the common fisheries policy(5) shall, in any proceedings for an offence under this Order—

(a)in England, Wales or Northern Ireland, be evidence of the matters stated therein; and

(b)in Scotland, be received in evidence without being produced or sworn to by any witness and shall be sufficient evidence of the matters stated therein.

Revocation and saving

14.  The Sea Fishing (Enforcement of Community Quota Measures) Order 1994(6) is hereby revoked, but without prejudice to the application of articles 6 to 10 of that Order in relation to the enforcement of article 3 of that Order.

Michael Jack
Minister of State, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
2nd March 1995

Hector Monro
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Scottish Office
7th March 1995

Signed by authority of the Secretary of State for Wales

Rod Richards
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Welsh Office
21st March 1995

Denton of Wakefield
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
10th March 1995

Articles 2 and 4(1)

SCHEDULESPECIFIED COMMUNITY PROVISIONS AND MAXIMUM FINES ON SUMMARY CONVICTION (APART FROM FINES RELATED TO VALUE OF FISH)

Column 1
Column 2
Column 3

Provision of the Council Regulation
Subject matter
Amount

1.  Article 5,, in so far as it relates to retaining on board or landing

Prohibitions on retaining on board or landing catches from stocks for which total allowable catches or quotas are fixed and have been exhausted
£50,000

2.  Article 5,, in so far as it relates to catch composition or sorting

Prohibitions on retaining on board or landing catches having a certain composition or which have been sorted
The statutory maximum

3.  Article 7

Prohibitions on fishing for herring from 1st to 15th November 1995 in specified waters off the south coast of Ireland
£50,000

4.  Article 11

Prohibition on fishing for cod from 1st June to 31st August 1995 in specified waters in and around the Baltic Sea
£50,000

5.  Article 12

Prohibitions on retaining on board,, by-catch of cod and the use of specified gear in specified waters in and around the Baltic Sea
The statutory maximum

Explanatory Note

(This note is not part of the Order)
This Order, which revokes the Sea Fishing (Enforcement of Community Quota Measures) Order 1994, makes provision for the enforcement of certain of the enforceable Community restrictions and other obligations relating to sea fishing set out in Council Regulation (EC) No. 3362/94 (“the Council Regulation”). The Council Regulation fixes total allowable catches and quotas for 1995.
Article 3 of the Order creates offences in respect of breaches of the provisions of the Council Regulation referred to in column 1 (and briefly described in column 2) of the Schedule to the Order. Penalties, which may include the forfeiture of fish, nets and other fishing gear, are specified for such offences (article 4). The statutory maximum penalty specified in the Schedule is currently £5,000.
The Order confers powers of enforcement on British sea-fishery officers in relation to fishing boats and on land and in relation to the seizure of fish and fishing gear (articles 6, 7 and 8). Provision is made for the punishment of anyone found guilty of obstructing or assaulting an officer (article 9).
The Compliance Cost Assessment relating to this Order is available in the library of each House of Parliament. A copy of it can be obtained from Fisheries III Division of the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Room 426, Nobel House, 17 Smith Square, London SW1P 3JR.


(1)
1981 c. 29.

(2)
OJ No. L363, 31.12.94, p.1.

(3)
1980 c. 43; section 78 was amended by the Criminal Justice Act 1982 (c. 48), sections 37 and 46.

(4)
S.I. 1981/1675 (N.I. 26).

(5)
OJ No. L261, 20.10.93, p.1.

(6)
S.I. 1994/1679.
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