The Merchant Shipping (Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims) (Amendment) Order 1998

Link to law: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/1998/1258/made/data.htm?wrap=true
Published: 1998-05-19

Whereas a draft of this Order has, in pursuance of section 185(5) of the Merchant Shipping Act 1995(1), been laid before Parliament and approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament:

Now, therefore, Her Majesty, by virtue and in exercise of the powers conferred on her by section 185(2A) of the Merchant Shipping Act 1995, is pleased, by and with the advice of Her Privy Council, to order, and it is hereby ordered, as follows:

Citation and commencement

1.  This Order may be cited as the Merchant Shipping (Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims) (Amendment) Order 1998 and shall come into force on the date, to be notified in the London, Edinburgh and Belfast Gazettes, on which the Protocol of 1996 to amend the Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims 1976(2) enters into force in respect of the United Kingdom.

Interpretation

2.  In this Order, unless the context otherwise requires—

“the Act” means the Merchant Shipping Act 1995;

“the Convention” means the Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims, 1976(3).

Claims excepted from limitation

3.  In the text of the Convention as set out in Part I of Schedule 7 to the Act, in Chapter I, for paragraph (a) of Article 3 there shall be substituted—

“(a)claims for salvage, including, if applicable, any claim for special compensation under Article 14 of the International Convention on Salvage 1989(4), as amended, or contribution in general average;”.

Limits of Liability

4.  In the text of the Convention as set out in Part I of Schedule 7 to the Act, in Chapter II—

(a)for paragraph 1 of Article 6 there shall be substituted—

“1.  The limits of liability for claims other than those mentioned in Article 7, arising on any distinct occasion, shall be calculated as follows:

(a)in respect of claims for loss of life or personal injury,

(i)2 million Units of Account for a ship with a tonnage not exceeding 2,000 tons,

(ii)for a ship with a tonnage in excess thereof, the following amount in addition to that mentioned in (i):

for each ton from 2,001 to 30,000 tons, 800 Units of Account;

for each ton from 30,001 to 70,000 tons, 600 Units of Account; and

for each ton in excess of 70,000 tons, 400 Units of Account,

(b)in respect of any other claims,

(i)1 million Units of Account for a ship with a tonnage not exceeding 2,000 tons,

(ii)for a ship with a tonnage in excess thereof the following amount in addition to that mentioned in (i):

for each ton from 2,001 to 30,000 tons, 400 Units of Account;

for each ton from 30,001 to 70,000 tons, 300 Units of Account; and

for each ton in excess of 70,000 tons, 200 Units of Account.”; and

(b)for paragraph 1 of Article 7 there shall be substituted—

“1.  In respect of claims arising on any distinct occasion for loss of life or personal injury to passengers of ship, the limit of liability of the shipowner thereof shall be an amount of 175,000 Units of Account multiplied by the number of passengers which the ship is authorised to carry according to the ship’s certificate.”.

Scope of application of Convention

5.  In the text of the Convention as set out in Part I of Schedule 7 to the Act, in Article 15—

(a)the existing text shall be numbered 1; and

(b)at the end there shall be added the following paragraphs—

“2.  A State Party may regulate by specific provisions of national law the system of limitation of liability to be applied to vessels which are:

(a)according to the law of that State, ships intended for navigation on inland waterways;

(b)ships of less than 300 tons.

A State Party which makes use of the option provided for in this paragraph shall inform the depositary of the limits of liability adopted in its national legislation or of the fact that there are none.

3bis. Notwithstanding the limit of liability prescribed in paragraph 1 of article 7, a State Party may regulate by specific provisions of national law the system of liability to be applied to claims for loss of life or personal injury to passengers of a ship, provided that the limit of liability is not lower than that prescribed in paragraph 1 of article 7. A State Party which makes use of the option provided for in this paragraph shall inform the Secretary-General of the limits of liability adopted or of the fact that there are none.”.

Reservations permitted under the Convention

6.  In Part I of Schedule 7 there shall be added at the end the following—

“ARTICLE 18Reservations

1.  Any State may, at the time of signature, ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, or at any time thereafter, reserve the right:

(a)to exclude the application of article 2, paragraphs 1(d) and (e);

(b)to exclude claims for damage within the meaning of the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, 1996(5) or of any amendment or Protocol thereto.

No other reservations shall be admissible to the substantive provisions of this Convention.”.

Amendments to provisions which have effect in connection with the Convention

7.  In Part II of Schedule 7 to the Act (provisions having effect in connection with the Convention)—

(a)at the beginning of paragraph 2 there shall be inserted “Subject to paragraph 6 below,”;

(b)before paragraph 3 there shall be inserted—

“2A.  Paragraph 1(a) of article 2 shall have effect as if the reference to “loss of life or personal injury” did not include a reference to loss of life or personal injury to passengers of seagoing ships.”;

(c)in paragraph 4, for sub-paragraph (1) there shall be substituted—

“4.—(1) Claims for damage within the meaning of the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea 1996(6), or any amendment of or Protocol to that Convention, which arise from occurrences which take place after the coming into force of the first Order in Council made by Her Majesty under section 182B of this Act shall be excluded from the Convention.”;

(d)in paragraph 5, in sub-paragraph (1)(a) for “166,667” there shall be substituted “1,000,000” and in sub-paragraph (1)(b) for “83,333” there shall be substituted “500,000”;

(e)in paragraph 6, for sub-paragraph (1) there shall be substituted—

“6.—(1) Article 7 shall not apply in respect of any seagoing ship; and shall have effect in respect of any ship which is not seagoing as if, in paragraph 1 of that article—

(a)after “thereof” there were inserted “in respect of each passenger,”;

(b)the words from “multiplied” onwards were omitted.”.

(f)for paragraph 13 there shall be substituted—

“13.  An Order in Council made for the purposes of this paragraph and declaring that any State specified in the Order is a party to the Convention as amended by the 1996 Protocol shall, subject to the provisions of any subsequent Order made for those purposes, be conclusive evidence that the State is a party to the Convention as amended by the 1996 Protocol.”.

8.  The Schedule to this Order contains the text of Schedule 7 to the Act as amended by Articles 3 to 7 of this Order.

N. H. Nicholls
Clerk of the Privy Council

Article 8

SCHEDULESCHEDULE 7 TO THE MERCHANT SHIPPING ACT 1995 AS AMENDED

PART ITEXT OF CONVENTION

CHAPTER I.THE RIGHT OF LIMITATION

ARTICLE 1Persons entitled to limit liability

1.  Shipowners and salvors, as hereinafter defined, may limit their liability in accordance with the rules of this Convention for claims set out in Article 2.

2.  The term “shipowner” shall mean the owner, charterer, manager or operator of a seagoing ship.

3.  Salvor shall mean any person rendering services in direct connection with salvage operations. Salvage operations shall also include operations referred to in Article 2, paragraph 1(d), (e) and (f).

4.  If any claims set out in Article 2 are made against any person for whose act, neglect or default the shipowner or salvor is responsible, such person shall be entitled to avail himself of the limitation of liability provided for in this Convention.

5.  In this Convention the liability of a shipowner shall include liability in an action brought against the vessel herself.

6.  An insurer of liability for claims subject to limitation accordance with the rules of this Convention shall be entitled to the benefits of this Convention to the same extent as the assured himself.

7.  The act of invoking limitation of liability shall not constitute an admission of liability.

ARTICLE 2Claims subject to limitation

1.  Subject to Articles 3 and 4 the following claims, whatever the basis of liability may be, shall be subject to limitation of liability:

(a)claims in respect of loss of life or personal injury or loss of or damage to property (including damage to harbour works, basins and waterways and aids to navigation), occurring on board or in direct connection with the operation of the ship or with salvage operations, and consequential loss resulting therefrom;

(b)claims in respect of loss resulting from delay in the carriage by sea of cargo, passengers or their luggage;

(c)claims in respect of other loss resulting from infringement of rights other than contractual rights, occurring in direct connection with the operation of the ship or salvage operations;

(d)claims in respect of the raising, removal, destruction or the rendering harmless of a ship which is sunk, wrecked, stranded or abandoned, including anything that is or has been on board such ship;

(e)claims in respect of the removal, destruction or the rendering harmless of the cargo of the ship;

(f)claims of a person other than the person liable in respect of measures taken in order to avert or minimise loss for which the person liable may limit his liability in accordance with this Convention, and further loss caused by such measures.

2.  Claims set out in paragraph 1 shall be subject to limitation of liability even if brought by way of recourse or for indemnity under a contract or otherwise. However, claims set out under paragraph 1(d), (e) and (f) shall not be subject to limitation of liability to the extent that they relate to remuneration under a contract with the person liable.

ARTICLE 3Claims excepted from limitation

The rules of this Convention shall not apply to:
(a)claims for salvage, including, if applicable, any claim for special compensation under article 14 of the International Convention on Salvage 1989, as amended, or contribution in general average;
(b)claims for oil pollution damage within the meaning of the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage dated 29th November 1969 or of any amendment or Protocol thereto which is in force;
(c)claims subject to any international convention or national legislation governing or prohibiting limitation of liability for nuclear damage;
(d)claims against the shipowner of a nuclear ship for nuclear damage;
(e)claims by servants of the shipowner or salvor whose duties are connected with the ship or the salvage operations, including claims of their heirs, dependants or other persons entitled to make such claims, if under the law governing the contract of service between the shipowner or salvor and such servants the shipowner or salvor is not entitled to limit his liability in respect of such claims, or if he is by such law only permitted to limit his liability to an amount greater than that provided for in Article 6.


ARTICLE 4Conduct barring Limitation

A person liable shall not be entitled to limit his liability if it is proved that the loss resulted from his personal act or omission, committed with the intent to cause such loss, or recklessly and with knowledge, that such loss would probably result.


ARTICLE 5Counterclaims

Where a person entitled to limitation of liability under the rules of this Convention has a claim against the claimant arising out of the same occurrence, their respective claims shall be set off against each other and the provisions of this Convention shall only apply to the balance, if any.


CHAPTER II.LIMITS OF LIABILITY

ARTICLE 6The general limits

1.  The limits of liability for claims other than those mentioned in article 7, arising on any distinct occasion, shall be calculated as follows:

(a)in respect of claims for loss of life or personal injury,

(i)2 million Units of Account for a ship with a tonnage not exceeding 2,000 tons,

(ii)for a ship with a tonnage in excess thereof the following amount in addition to that mentioned in (i):

for each ton from 2,001 to 30,000 tons, 800 Units of Account;

for each ton from 30,001 to 70,000 tons, 600 Units of Account,

and for each ton in excess of 70,000 tons, 400 Units of Account,

(b)in respect of any other claims,

(i)1 million Units of Account for a ship with a tonnage not exceeding 2,000 tons,

(ii)for a ship with a tonnage in excess thereof the following amount in addition to that mentioned in (i):

for each ton from 2,001 to 30,000 tons, 400 Units of Account;

for each ton from 30,001 to 70,000 tons, 300 Units of Account;

and for each ton in excess of 70,000 tons, 200 Units of Account.

2.  Where the amount calculated in accordance with paragraph 1(a) is insufficient to pay the claims mentioned therein in full, the amount calculated in accordance with paragraph 1(b) shall be available for payment of the unpaid balance of claims under paragraph 1(a) and such unpaid balance shall rank rateably with claims mentioned under paragraph 1(b).

3.  The limits of liability for any salvor not operating from any ship or for any salvor operating solely on the ship to, or in respect of which he is rendering salvage services, shall be calculated according to a tonnage of 1,500 tons.

ARTICLE 7The limit for passenger claims

1.  In respect of claims arising on any distinct occasion for loss of life or personal injury to passengers of a ship, the limit of liability of the shipowner thereof shall be an amount of 175,000 Units of Account multiplied by the number of passengers which the ship is authorised to carry according to the ship’s certificate.

2.  For the purpose of this Article “claims for loss of life or personal injury to passengers of a ship” shall mean any such claims brought by or on behalf of any person carried in that ship:

(a)under a contract of passenger carriage, or

(b)who, with the consent of the carrier, is accompanying a vehicle or live animals which are covered by a contract for the carriage of goods.

ARTICLE 8Unit of Account

The Unit of Account referred to in Articles 6 and 7 is the special drawing right as defined by the International Monetary Fund. The amounts mentioned in Articles 6 and 7 shall be converted into the national currency of the State in which limitation is sought, according to the value of that currency at the date the limitation fund shall have been constituted, payment is made, or security is given which under the law of that State is equivalent to such payment.


ARTICLE 9Aggregation of claims

1.  The limits of liability determined in accordance with Article 6 shall apply to the aggregate of all claims which arise on any distinct occasion:

(a)against the person or persons mentioned in paragraph 2 of Article 1 and any person for whose act, neglect or default he or they are responsible; or

(b)against the shipowner of a ship rendering salvage services from that ship and the salvor or salvors operating from such ship and any person for whose act, neglect or default he or they are responsible; or

(c)against the salvor or salvors who are not operating from a ship or who are operating solely on the ship to, or in respect of which, the salvage services are rendered and any person for whose act, neglect or default he or they are responsible.

2.  The limits of liability determined in accordance with Article 7 shall apply to the aggregate of all claims subject thereto which may arise on any distinct occasion against the person or persons mentioned in paragraph 2 of Article 1 in respect of the ship referred to in Article 7 and any person for whose act, neglect or default he or they are responsible.

ARTICLE 10Limitation of liability without constitution of a limitation fund

1.  Limitation of liability may be invoked notwithstanding that a limitation fund as mentioned in Article 11 has not been constituted.

2.  If limitation of liability is invoked without the constitution of a limitation fund, the provisions of Article 12 shall apply to correspondingly.

3.  Questions of procedure arising under the rules of this Article shall be decided in accordance with the national law of the State Party in which action is brought.

CHAPTER III.THE LIMITATION FUND

ARTICLE 11Constitution of the Fund

1.  Any person alleged to be liable may constitute a fund with the Court or other competent authority in any State Party in which legal proceedings are instituted in respect of claims subject to limitation. The fund shall be constituted in the sum of such of the amounts set out in Articles 6 and 7 as are applicable to claims for which that person may be liable, together with interest thereon from the date of the occurrence giving rise to the liability until the date of the constitution of the fund. Any fund thus constituted shall be available only for the payment of claims in respect of which limitation of liability can be invoked.

2.  A fund may be constituted, either by depositing the sum, or by producing a guarantee acceptable under the legislation of the State Party where the fund is constituted and considered to be adequate by the Court or other competent authority.

3.  A fund constituted by one of the persons mentioned in paragraph 1(a), (b) or (c) or paragraph 2 of Article 9 or his insurer shall be deemed constituted by all persons mentioned in paragraph 1(a), (b) or (c) or paragraph 2, respectively.

ARTICLE 12Distribution of the fund

1.  Subject to the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 6 and of Article 7, the fund shall be distributed among the claimants in proportion to their established claims against the fund.

2.  If, before the fund is distributed, the person liable, or his insurer, has settled a claim against the fund such person shall, up to the amount he has paid, acquire by subrogation the rights which the person so compensated would have enjoyed under this Convention.

3.  The right of subrogation provided for in paragraph 2 may also be exercised by persons other than those therein mentioned in respect of any amount of compensation which they may have paid, but only to the extent that such subrogation is permitted under the applicable national law.

4.  Where the person liable or any other person establishes that he may be compelled to pay, at a later date, in whole or in part any such amount of compensation with regard to which such person would have enjoyed a right of subrogation pursuant to paragraphs 2 and 3 had the compensation been paid before the fund was distributed, the Court or other competent authority of the State where the fund has been constituted may order that a sufficient sum shall be provisionally set aside to enable such person at such later date to enforce his claim against the fund.

ARTICLE 13Bar to other actions

1.  Where a limitation fund has been constituted in accordance with Article 11, any person having made a claim against the fund shall be barred from exercising any right in respect of such a claim against any other assets of a person by or on behalf of whom the fund has been constituted.

2.  After a limitation fund has been constituted in accordance with Article 11, any ship or other property, belonging to a person on behalf of whom the fund has been constituted, which has been arrested or attached within the jurisdiction of a State Party for a claim which may be raised against the fund, or any security given, may be released by order of the Court or other competent authority of such State. However, such release shall always be ordered if the limitation fund has been constituted:

(a)at the port where the occurrence took place, or, if it took place out of port, at the first port of call thereafter; or

(b)at the port of disembarkation in respect of claims for loss of life or personal injury; or

(c)at the port of discharge in respect of damage to cargo; or

(d)in the State where the arrest is made.

3.  The rules of paragraphs 1 and 2 shall apply only if the claimant may bring a claim against the limitation fund before the Court administering that fund and the fund is actually available and freely transferable in respect of that claim.

ARTICLE 14Governing law

Subject to the provisions of this Chapter the rules relating to the constitution and distribution of a limitation fund, and all rules of procedure in connection therewith, shall be governed by the law of the State Party in which the fund is constituted.


CHAPTER IV.SCOPE OF APPLICATION

ARTICLE 15

1.  This Convention shall apply whenever any person referred to in Article 1 seeks to limit his liability before the Court of a State Party or seeks to procure the release of a ship or other property or the discharge of any security given within the jurisdiction of any such State.

2.  A State Party may regulate by specific provisions of national law the system of limitation of liability to be applied to vessels which are:

(a)according to the law of that State, ships intended for navigation on inland waterways;

(b)ships of less than 300 tons.

A State Party which makes use of the option provided for in this paragraph shall inform the depositary of the limits of liability adopted in its national legislation or of the fact that there are none.

3bis. Notwithstanding the limit of liability prescribed in paragraph 1 of article 7, a State Party may regulate by specific provisions of national law the system of liability to be applied to claims for loss of life or personal injury to passengers of a ship, provided that the limit of liability is not lower than that prescribed in paragraph 1 of article 7. A State Party which makes use of the option provided for in this paragraph shall inform the Secretary-General of the limits of liability adopted or of the fact that there are none.

ARTICLE 18Reservations

1.  Any State may, at the time of signature, ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, or at any time thereafter, reserve the right:

(a)to exclude the application of article 2, paragraphs 1(d) and (e);

(b)to exclude claims for damage within the meaning of the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, 1996 or of any amendment or Protocol thereto.

No other reservations shall be admissible to the substantive provisions of this Convention.

PART IIPROVISIONS HAVING EFFECT IN CONNECTION WITH CONVENTION

Interpretation

1.  In this Part of this Schedule any reference to a numbered article is a reference to the article of the Convention which is so numbered.

Right to limit liability

2.  Subject to paragraph 6 below, the right to limit liability under the Convention shall apply in relation to any ship whether seagoing or not, and the definition of “shipowner” in paragraph 2 of article 1 shall be construed accordingly.

Claims subject to limitation

2A.  Paragraph 1(a) of article 2 shall have effect as if the reference to “loss of life or personal injury” did not include a reference to loss of life or personal injury to passengers of seagoing ships.

3.—(1) Paragraph 1(d) of article 2 shall not apply unless provision has been made by an order of the Secretary of State for the setting up and management of a fund to be used for the making to harbour or conservancy authorities of payments needed to compensate them for the reduction, in consequence of the said paragraph 1(d), of amounts recoverable by them in claims of the kind there mentioned, and to be maintained by contributions from such authorities raised and collected by them in respect of vessels in like manner as other sums so raised by them.

(2) Any order under sub-paragraph (1) above may contain such incidental and supplemental provisions as appear to the Secretary of State to be necessary or expedient.

Claims excluded from limitation

4.—(1) Claims for damage within the meaning of the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea 1996, or any amendment of or Protocol to that Convention, which arise from occurrences which take place after the coming into force of the first Order in Council made by Her Majesty under section 182B of this Act shall be excluded from the Convention.

(2) The claims excluded from the Convention by paragraph (b) of article 3 are claims in respect of any liability incurred under section 153 of this Act.

(3) The claims excluded from the Convention by paragraph (c) of article 3 are claims made by virtue of any of sections 7 to 11 of the Nuclear Installations Act 1965.

The general limits

5.—(1) In the application of article 6 to a ship with a tonnage less than 300 tons that article shall have effect as if—

(a)paragraph 1 (a)(i) referred to 1,000,000 Units of Account; and

(b)paragraph 1 (b)(i) referred to 500,000 Units of Account.

(2) for the purposes of article 6 and this paragraph a ship’s tonnage shall be its gross tonnage calculated in such manner as may be prescribed by an order made by the Secretary of State.

(3) Any order under this paragraph shall, so far as appears to the Secretary of State to be practicable, give effect to the regulations in Annex I of the International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships 1969.

Limit for passenger claims

6.—(1) Article 7 shall not apply in respect of any seagoing ship; and shall have effect in respect of any ship which is not seagoing as if in paragraph 1 of that article—

(a)after “thereof” there were inserted “in respect of each passenger”, and

(b)the words from “multiplied” onwards were omitted.

(2) In paragraph 2 of article 7 the reference to claims brought on behalf of a person includes a reference to any claim in respect of the death of a person under the Fatal Accidents Act 1976, the Fatal Accidents (Northern Ireland) Order 1977 or the Damages (Scotland) Act 1976.

Units of Account

7.—(1) For the purpose of converting the amounts mentioned in Articles 6 and 7 from special drawing rights into sterling one special drawing right shall be treated as equal to such a sum in sterling as the International Monetary Fund have fixed as being the equivalent of one special drawing right for—

(a)the relevant date under paragraph 1 of article 8; or

(b)if no sum has been so fixed for that date, the last preceding date for which a sum has been so fixed.

(2) A certificate given by or on behalf of the Treasury stating—

(a)that a particular sum in sterling has been fixed as mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) above for a particular date; or

(b)that no sum has been so fixed for that date and that a particular sum in sterling has been so fixed for a date which is the last preceding date for which a sum has been so fixed,

shall be conclusive evidence of those matters for the purposes of those articles; and a document purporting to be such a certificate shall, in any proceedings, be received in evidence and, unless the contrary is proved, be deemed to be such a certificate.

Constitution of fund

8.—(1) The Secretary of State may, with the concurrence of the Treasury, by order prescribe the rate of interest to be applied for the purposes of paragraph 1 of article 11.

(2) Any statutory instrument containing an order under sub-paragraph (1) above shall be laid before Parliament after being made.

(3) Where a fund is constituted with the court in accordance with article 11 for the payment of claims arising out of any occurrence, the court may stay any proceedings relating to any claim arising out of that occurrence which are pending against the person by whom the fund has been constituted.

Distribution of fund

9.  No lien or other right in respect of any ship or property shall affect the proportions in which under article 12 the fund is distributed among several claimants.

Bar to other actions

10.  Where the release of a ship or other property is ordered under paragraph 2 of article 13 the person on whose application it is ordered to be released shall be deemed to have submitted to (or, in Scotland, prorogated) the jurisdiction of the court to adjudicate on the claim for which the ship or property was arrested or attached.

Meaning of “court”

11.  References in the Convention and the preceding provisions of this Part of this Schedule to the court are references to the High Court or, in relation to Scotland, the Court of Session.

Meaning of “ship”

12.  References in the Convention and in the preceding provisions of this Part of this Schedule to a ship include references to any structure (whether completed or in course of completion) launched and intended for use in navigation as a ship or part of a ship.

Meaning of “State Party”

13.  An Order in Council made for the purposes of this paragraph and declaring that any State specified in the Order is a party to the Convention as amended by the 1996 Protocol shall, subject to the provisions of any subsequent Order made for those purposes, be conclusive evidence that the State is a party to the Convention as amended by the 1996 Protocol.

Explanatory Note

(This note is not part of the Order)
This Order provides for the implementation of the 1996 Protocol to the International Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims 1976 following its ratification by, and entry into force for, the UK. The Order does this by making amendments to the articles of the 1976 Convention set out in Part I of Schedule 7 to the Merchant Shipping Act 1995 corresponding to the amendments made by the Protocol. The Order also makes amendments to Part II of Schedule 7 consequential on the implementation of the Protocol.
In addition to a general increase in the limits, these amendments:
(a)provide for there to be no overall limit for claims arising from loss of life or injury to passengers of seagoing ships (which are subject to a per capita limit under the Convention relating to the Carriage of Passengers and their Luggage by Sea set out in Schedule 6 to the 1995 Act) (article 7(a), (b) and (e)).
(b)provide for passenger claims for non-seagoing ships similarly to be subject only to a per capita limit (article 7(a), (b) and (e)).
(c)prevent overlap with the International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea 1996 (article 7(c)); and
(d)increase the special limits which apply to small ships (article 7(d)).
These amendments are permitted by Articles 15(3bis), 18(1)(b) and 15(2)(b) respectively of the 1976 Convention as amended by the 1996 Protocol. Articles 5 and 6 of the Order add these provisions to those set out in Part I of Schedule 7 to the 1995 Act.
The Schedule to the Order contains Schedule 7 to the 1995 Act as amended by this Order.
A cost compliance assessment has been prepared, and copies can be obtained from Shipping Policy Directorate, the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions, Zone 4/12, Great Minster House, 76 Marsham Street, London SW1P 4DR, (Tel. 0171 271 3893). A copy has been placed in the Library of each House of Parliament.


(1)
1995 c. 21; section 182B has been inserted by, and section 185 amended by, the Merchant Shipping and Maritime Security Act 1997 c. 28, sections 14 and 15.

(2)
Cm 3581.

(3)
The text of the Convention is set out in Schedule 7 to the Act.

(4)
The text of the Convention is set out in Schedule 11 to the Act.

(5)
The text of the Convention is set out in Schedule 5A to the Act.

(6)
The text of the Convention is set out in Schedule 5A to the Act.
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