1998 No. 1305
The Environmentally Sensitive Areas (South West Peak) Designation (Amendment) Order 1998
19th May 1998
Laid before Parliament
27th May 1998
Coming into force
22nd June 1998
Whereas, pursuant to section 18(1) of the Agriculture Act 1986(1), the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (“the Minister”) has by order designated an area in the South West Peak as an environmentally sensitive area (“the designated area”);
And whereas it appears to the Minister that it is particularly desirable—
(1) to conserve and enhance the natural beauty of the designated area;
(2) to conserve the flora and fauna and geological and physiographical features of that area; and
(3) to protect buildings and other objects of historic interest in that area;
And whereas it appears to the Minister that the maintenance or adoption of particular agricultural methods in respect of the matters specified in the Schedules to the following Order is likely to facilitate such conservation, enhancement or protection;
Now therefore, the Minister, in exercise of the powers conferred on him by section 18(1) and (4)(2) of the said Act, and of all other powers enabling him in that behalf, with the consent of the Treasury and after consultation with the Secretary of State, the Countryside Commission and the Nature Conservancy Council for England(3) in accordance with section 18(1) of the said Act, and with the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England in accordance with section 99 of the Environment Act 1995(4), makes the following Order:—
Title and commencement
1. This Order may be cited as the Environmentally Sensitive Areas (South West Peak) Designation (Amendment) Order 1998 and shall come into force on 22nd June 1998.
2. In this Order “the principal Order” means the Environmentally Sensitive Areas (South West Peak) Designation Order 1993(5), as amended at the date that this Order comes into force.
Amendment of the principal Order
3. The principal Order shall be amended in accordance with the following provisions of this Order.
4. In article 2(1) of the principal Order, the provisions immediately following the words “In this Order—” to the end of article 2(1), in so far as they were made under section 18 of the Agriculture Act 1986, shall be deleted and the following definitions shall be inserted at their appropriate alphabetical place:
““agreement” means an agreement under section 18(3) of the Agriculture Act 1986 as respects agricultural land in the area designated by article 3;
“capital activity” means an activity specified in Schedule 1;
“conservation plan” means a plan incorporated into an agreement for the carrying out of one or more capital activities within a specified period;
“cultivated land” means land which is regularly ploughed or otherwise cultivated or that is regularly treated with fertilisers;
“enclosed permanent grassland” means enclosed grassland which has not been ploughed or reseeded for at least ten years;
“enclosed permanent rough grazing” means enclosed land which is used exclusively for the grazing of livestock, and which has not been regularly ploughed, levelled, drained or reseeded, or regularly treated with fertilisers, lime, slag or pesticides;
“extensive meadowland” means meadowland which is receiving no or minimal inputs of fertiliser, pesticides, nutrients and other agricultural admixtures;
“extensive pasture” means pasture that is receiving no fertiliser, pesticides or other agricultural admixtures;
“farmer” means a person who has an interest in agricultural land in the area designated by article 3 and who has also entered into an agreement with the Minister;
“management activity” means an activity specified in Schedule 2;
“meadowland” means grassland primarily used for the production of hay or silage;
“moorland” means land covered by semi-natural upland vegetation which is generally unenclosed except along ownership boundaries;
“pasture” means enclosed permanent grassland which is used for the production of pasture and which is receiving no or only minimal inputs of fertiliser, pesticides, nutrients or other agricultural admixtures;
“public access route” means a strip of land which is the subject of an agreement and on which access is given to the public;
“relevant date” means 22nd June 1998;
“rough grazing” means land covered by semi-natural vegetation; and
“woodland” means land used for woodland where that use is ancillary to the farming of land for other agricultural purposes.”.
5. For article 4 of the principal Order and the heading thereto there shall be substituted the following article and heading—
“Matters in respect of which payments may be made
4. Payments to be made by the Minister under an agreement may be made in respect of a capital activity or a management activity.”.
6. For article 5 of the principal Order and the heading thereto there shall be substituted the following article and heading—
“Rates of payment
5.—(1) Payments to be made by the Minister under an agreement shall not exceed—
(a)in the case of a management activity, the rate specified in respect of that activity in column 2 of Schedule 2; and
(b)in the case of one or more capital activities included in a conservation plan, £100,000 in aggregate.
(2) Any works which form part of an activity which constitutes both a management activity and a capital activity may by virtue of an agreement be eligible for payment either as part of a management activity or as part of a capital activity, but the agreement together with any conservation plan incorporated in it shall not provide for payment to be made on both such bases in respect of the same works.”.
7. For Schedule 1 to the principal Order there shall be substituted the Schedule set out in Schedule 1 to this Order.
8. For Schedule 2 to the principal Order there shall be substituted the Schedule set out in Schedule 2 to this Order.
9. The following provisions shall be deleted—
(a)articles 4A and 6; and
(b)Schedules 1A, 4 and 5.
Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
18th May 1998
Two of the Lords Commissioners of Her Majesty’s Treasury
19th May 1998
Articles 2(1) and 5(1)
“SCHEDULE 1CAPITAL ACTIVITIES
The planting, coppicing or laying of hedges.
The renovation of traditional farm buildings using traditional materials.
The reversion of land to rough grazing or moorland.
The control of bracken.
The creation of flower-rich meadowland.
The management of scrub.
Works to protect historic and archaeological features.
The provision and restoration of gates, stiles and footbridges where an agreement includes requirements as to public access.
Fencing associated with the exclusion of stock under the woodland tier.
Protection/provision of hedgerow trees and other saplings.
Other works for the restoration or enhancement of wildlife habitats.”
Articles 2(1) and 5(1)
“SCHEDULE 2MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES
Maximum rate (in £ per hectare of land per annum, except where otherwise stated)
1. Maintenance of cultivated land.
2. Management of enclosed permanent grassland.
3. Management of enclosed permanent rough grazing.
4. Enhanced management of pasture.
5. Enhanced management of hay meadows.
6. Regeneration to extensive pasture.
7. Regeneration to extensive meadows.
8. Where management of any kind under item 1, 2, 3, 4 or 6 is undertaken, additional management so as to create wet areas.
9. In relation to moorland:
(a)maintenance of moorland
(b)enhanced management of moorland
(c)regeneration of moorland through temporary stock exclusion.
10. In relation to woodland:
(a)maintenance of existing woodland
(b)management of woodland to enhance its nature conservation and landscape value.
11. The provision of public access routes.
12. Wall restoration.
£16 per metre”
(This note is not part of the Order)
This Order amends the Environmentally Sensitive Areas (South West Peak) Designation Order 1993 (“the principal Order”) which designated an area in the South West Peak as an environmentally sensitive area, in implementation of Council Regulation (EEC) No. 2078/92 (OJ No. L215, 30.7.92, p.85) on agricultural production methods compatible with the requirements of protection of the environment and the maintenance of the countryside, as amended by Commission Regulation (EC) No. 2772/95 (OJ No. L288, 1.12.95, p.35) as in turn rectified by Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1962/96 (OJ No. L259, 12.10.96, p.7).
The definitions set out in article 2(1) of the principal Order are consolidated and in addition new definitions are inserted (Article 4).
This Order replaces the Schedules to the principal Order (laying down detailed requirements of the scheme) by two new Schedules specifying the capital and management activities in respect of which payments may be made and specifies the maximum payments in respect of such activities.
The provisions of the principal Order that are amended or revoked do not include any that derive from the Environmentally Sensitive Areas (England) Designation (Amendment) Regulation 1996 (S.I. 1996/3104); those which derive from S.I. 1996/3104 are revoked (subject to a saving in certain cases) by the Environmentally Sensitive Areas (England) Designation (Revocation of Specified Provisions) Regulations 1998, coming into force on 21st June 1998.
No regulatory appraisal has been made in respect of this Order.
1986 c. 49. The expression “the Minister” is defined in section 18(11).
Section 18(4) was amended by S.I. 1994/249; sub-section 18(4A) was inserted by S.I. 1997/1457.
The provisions in section 18 of the Agriculture Act 1986 concerning Nature Conservancy Councils were amended by Part VII of, and Schedule 9 to, the Environmental Protection Act 1990 (c. 43).
1995 c. 25.
S.I. 1993/87, amended by S.I. 1994/926, S.I. 1995/192, S.I. 1996/3104 and S.I. 1997/1455.