The Crown Court (Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act 1996) (Tainted Acquittals) Rules 1997

Link to law: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/1997/1054/made/data.htm?wrap=true
Published: 1997-03-24

Statutory Instruments
1997 No. 1054 (L. 22)

SUPREME COURT OF ENGLAND AND WALES
The Crown Court (Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act 1996) (Tainted Acquittals) Rules 1997

Made
24th March 1997

Laid before Parliament
24th March 1997

Coming into force
15th April 1997

We the Crown Court Rule Committee, in exercise of the powers conferred upon us by sections 84(1) and 86 of the Supreme Court Act 1981(1), hereby make the following Rules:

Citation, commencement and interpretation

1.—(1) These Rules may be cited as the Crown Court (Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act 1996) (Tainted Acquittals) Rules 1997 and shall come into force on 15th April 1997. (2) In these Rules—

“the Act” means the Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act 1996(2); and

“acquittal” means an acquittal (of a person of an offence) which is the subject of a certification made under section 54(2) of the Act.

Time of certification

2.  Where a person is convicted before the Crown Court of an offence as referred to in section 54(1)(b) of the Act and it appears to the Court that the provisions of section 54(2) of the Act are satisfied, the Court shall make the certification referred to in section 54(2) at any time following conviction, but no later than—

(a)immediately after the Crown Court sentences or otherwise deals with that person in respect of the offence, or

(b)where that person is a child or young person and the Crown Court remits him to a youth court to be dealt with in respect of the offence, immediately after he is so remitted.

Form of certification

3.  Where the Crown Court makes the certification referred to in section 54(2) of the Act, the certification shall be drawn up in Form TAC 1 set out in the Schedule to these Rules or a form to the like effect, and any reference elsewhere in these Rules to Form TAC 1 shall include a reference to such a form.

Service of a copy of Form TAC 1

4.—(1) Where the Crown Court makes a certification as referred to in section 54(2) of the Act, the appropriate officer of the Crown Court shall, as soon as practicable after the drawing up of Form TAC 1, serve a copy of that form on the acquitted person referred to in the certification, on the prosecutor in the proceedings which led to the acquittal, and, where the acquittal has not taken place before the Crown Court sitting at the place where the certification has been made, on—

(a)where the acquittal has taken place before the Crown Court sitting at another place, the appropriate officer of the Crown Court at that place, or

(b)where the acquittal has taken place before a magistrates' court, the clerk of that court.

(2) Service as referred to in paragraph (1) above may be made by delivering the copy of Form TAC 1 to the person to be served (where that person is an individual), or by sending it by post in a letter addressed to him at his usual or last known residence or place of business in England or Wales; in the case of a company, such a letter may also be addressed to the company at its registered office in England or Wales (if it has such a registered office).

(3) If the person to be served is acting by a solicitor, the copy of Form TAC 1 may be served by delivering it, or by sending it by post, to the solicitor’s address for service.

(4) In paragraph (3) above, “solicitor” includes a body corporate which is recognised by the Council of the Law Society under section 9 of the Administration of Justice Act 1985(3) (a “recognised body”) and, in the case of a recognised body, the reference to the solicitor’s address for service shall be construed as a reference to the address specified by the recognised body as its address for the purposes of the service of the copy of Form TAC 1 (including where the person to be served is a party to the proceedings which led to the conviction referred to in Form TAC 1, an address specified for the general purposes of those proceedings), or, in the absence of such a specified address, to its registered office.

Entry in the records in relation to the conviction which occasioned certification by the Crown Court

5.  Where the Crown Court makes a certification under section 54(2) of the Act, the appropriate officer of the Crown Court shall enter in the records of the Court, in relation to the conviction which occasioned the certification, a note of the fact that certification has been made, the date of certification, the name of the acquitted person referred to in the certification, a description of the offence of which the acquitted person has been acquitted, the date of the acquittal, and the name of the court before which the acquittal has taken place.

Entry in the records—acquittal before the Crown Court

6.  Where an acquittal has taken place before the Crown Court, the appropriate officer of the Crown Court shall, as soon as practicable after receipt from the court which has made the certification under section 54(2) of the Act relating to the acquittal of a copy of a form recording the certification (being a copy of Form TAC 1 where certification has been made by the Crown Court), or, where the certification has been made by the Crown Court sitting at the place where the acquittal has occurred, as soon as practicable after the making of the certification, enter in the records of the Court, in relation to the acquittal, a note that certification has been made, the date of the certification, the name of the court which has made the certification, the name of the person whose conviction occasioned the making of the certification, and a description of the offence of which that person has been convicted.

Display of copy certification form

7.—(1) Where the Crown Court makes a certification as referred to in section 54(2) of the Act, the appropriate officer of the Crown Court at the place where the certification is made shall, as soon as practicable after the drawing up of Form TAC 1, display a copy of that Form at a prominent place within court premises to which place the public has access.

(2) Where an acquittal has taken place before the Crown Court and the court which has made the certification under section 54(2) of the Act relating to the acquittal is not the Crown Court sitting at the place where the acquittal has taken place, the appropriate officer of the Crown Court shall, as soon as practicable after receipt from the court which has made the certification of a copy of a form recording the certification (being a copy of Form TAC 1 where certification has been made by the Crown Court), display a copy of that form at a prominent place within court premises to which place the public has access.

(3) The copy of Form TAC 1 referred to in paragraph (1) above, or the copy form referred to in paragraph (2) above, shall continue to be displayed as referred to, respectively, in those paragraphs at least until the expiry of 28 days from, in the case of paragraph (1) above, the day on which the certification was made, or, in the case of paragraph (2) above, the day on which the copy form was received by the appropriate officer of the Crown Court.

Entry in the records—decision of High Court

8.—(1) Where an acquittal has taken place before the Crown Court, the appropriate officer of the Crown Court shall, on receipt from the Crown Office of the High Court of notice of an order made under section 54(3) of the Act quashing the acquittal, or of a decision not to make such an order, enter in the records of the Crown Court, in relation to the acquittal, a note of the fact that the acquittal has been quashed by the said order, or that a decision has been made not to make such an order, as the case may be.

(2) Where the Crown Court has made a certification under section 54(2) of the Act, the appropriate officer of the Crown Court shall, on receipt from the Crown Office of the High Court of notice of an order made under section 54(3) of the Act quashing the acquittal referred to in the certification, or of a decision not to make such an order, enter in the records of the Court, in relation to the conviction which occasioned the certification, a note that the acquittal has been quashed by the said order, or that a decision has been made not to make such an order, as the case may be.

Display of copy of notice received from High Court

9.—(1) Where the Crown Court has made a certification under section 54(2) of the Act, or an acquittal has taken place before the Crown Court, and, in either case, the appropriate officer of the Crown Court receives from the Crown Office of the High Court notice of an order quashing the acquittal concerned, or notice of a decision not to make such an order, he shall, as soon as practicable after receiving the notice, display a copy of it at a prominent place within court premises to which place the public has access.

(2) The copy notice referred to in paragraph (1) above shall continue to be displayed as referred to in that paragraph at least until the expiry of 28 days from the day on which the notice was received by the appropriate officer of the Crown Court.

Mackay of Clashfern, C.
Philip Otton, L J
J W Kay, J
Geoffrey Rivlin
M McKenzie
J M Beloff
Joanna KornerRule 3
Dated 24th March 1997

Rule 3
SCHEDULE

FORM TAC 1

Explanatory Note

(This note is not part of the Rules)

These Rules are made in connection with the provision made by sections 54 and 55 of the Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act 1996 (“the Act”) for an application to be made to the High Court for an order quashing a person’s acquittal of an offence. Under section 54(3) of the Act, an application may be made to the High Court for such an order where:
(a)a person has been convicted of an administration of justice offence involving interference with or intimidation of a juror or a witness (or potential witness) in any proceedings which led to the acquittal, and
(b)the court before which the above conviction takes place certifies (under section 54(2) of the Act) that it appears to the court that there is a real possibility that, but for the interference or intimidation, the acquitted person would not have been acquitted and that it is not contrary to the interests of justice to take proceedings against the acquitted person for the offence of which he has been acquitted.
Rule 2 provides that certification by the Crown Court under section 54(2) of the Act shall be made at any time following the above conviction, but no later than immediately after the Crown Court sentences or otherwise deals with the convicted person in respect of the offence, or where the convicted person is a child or young person and the Crown Court remits him to a youth court to be dealt with, immediately after he is so remitted.
Rule 3 provides for the Form in which certification under section 54(2) of the Act is to be drawn up.
Rule 4 provides for the persons on whom a copy of the Form referred to in rule 3 is to be served, and for the manner of such service.
Rule 5 provides for the making of an entry in the records of the Crown Court, where the Court has made a certification under section 54(2), in relation to the conviction which occasioned the certification, of details relating to the certification.
Rule 6 provides for the making of an entry in the records of the Crown Court, where an acquittal has taken place before the Court (which acquittal is the subject of a certification under section 54(2) of the Act), in relation to the acquittal, of details relating to the certification.
Rule 7 provides, where the Crown Court has made a certification under section 54(2) of the Act, for public display of a copy of the Form referred to in rule 3 at the place where certification was made, and further provides, where an acquittal has taken place before the Crown Court, for public display at the place where the acquittal occurred of a copy of the form of certification relating to that acquittal (being the Form referred to in rule 3 where certification is made by the Crown Court) a copy of which is received by the appropriate officer of the Crown Court from a court other than the Crown Court sitting at the place where the acquittal occurred.
Rule 8 refers to the making of an order by the High Court, under section 54(3) of the Act, quashing an acquittal, or the making of a decision by the High Court not to quash an acquittal, and provides, where certification in relation to that acquittal has been made by the Crown Court or the acquittal has taken place before the Crown Court, for the making of an entry by the appropriate officer of the Crown Court in the records of the Court of the fact that such an order or decision has been made.
Rule 9 provides for the public display, by the appropriate officer of the Crown Court, of a copy of the notice received from the High Court of such an order or decision.
By virtue of rule 1, these Rules come into force on 15th April 1997.


(1)
1981 c. 54; section 86 was amended by the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990 (c. 41), Schedule 18, paragraph 36(2).

(2)
1996 c. 25.

(3)
1985 c. 61.
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