The Berkshire (Structural Change) Order 1996

Link to law: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/1996/1879/made/data.htm?wrap=true
Published: 1996-07-18

Statutory Instruments
1996 No. 1879

LOCAL GOVERNMENT, ENGLAND AND WALES
The Berkshire (Structural Change) Order 1996

Made
18th July 1996

Coming into force

For the purposes of articles 2(2), 4(2) and (3), 6 and 9 to 15
19th July 1996

For all other purposes
1st April 1998

Whereas the Local Government Commission for England, acting pursuant to section 15(4) of the Local Government Act 1992(1), has submitted to the Secretary of State a report on its review of the county of Berkshire together with its recommendations:

And whereas the Secretary of State has decided to give effect to the recommendations, with modifications:

Now, therefore, the Secretary of State, in exercise of the powers conferred on him by sections 17(2), 18(3)(a) and 26 of the Local Government Act 1992, and of all other powers enabling him in that behalf, hereby makes the following Order, a draft of which has been laid before, and approved by a resolution of, each House of Parliament:

PART IGENERAL

Citation and commencement

1.  This Order may be cited as the Berkshire (Structural Change) Order 1996 and shall come into force for the purposes of articles 2(2), 4(2) and (3), 6 and 9 to 15 on the day after the day on which it is made and for all other purposes on 1st April 1998.

Interpretation

2.—(1) In this Order—

“the Act” means the Local Government Act 1992;

“the 1972 Act” means the Local Government Act 1972(3);

“Berkshire” means the Royal County of Berkshire and “the County Council” means the council of that county;

“Berkshire district” means a district in Berkshire and “Berkshire district council” means a council of such a district;

“the relevant date” means 5th May 1997;

“relevant provision” means a provision in any subordinate legislation made under the Act or made, in connection with the Act or such provision, under any other enactment;

“the reorganisation date” means 1st April 1998; and

“subordinate legislation” has the same meaning as in section 21 of the Interpretation Act 1978(4).

(2) The period beginning with the relevant date and ending immediately before the reorganisation date is specified as the preliminary period for the purposes of any statutory instrument made under the Act.

PART IILOCAL GOVERNMENT REORGANISATION IN BERKSHIRE

Structural change

3.  The County Council shall be wound up and dissolved and the functions of that council in relation to each Berkshire district shall, subject to the following provisions of this Part and to any other relevant provision, be transferred to the council of that district.

Fire services

4.—(1) Each Berkshire district shall, subject to any combination scheme under the Fire Services Act 1947(5) (“the 1947 Act”), become the area of a fire authority for the purposes of that Act.

(2) For the purposes of the making of a combination scheme with respect to Berkshire before the reorganisation date in accordance with section 10 of the 1947 Act (power to make schemes in advance of alterations to local government areas), section 5(2) of that Act shall have effect, in relation to Berkshire, as if—

(a)in paragraphs (a) and (d) of that subsection, for “the constituent authorities”, wherever those words occur, there were substituted “the council of the county of Berkshire”; and

(b)in paragraphs (e) and (f) of that subsection, for “any of the constituent authorities” there were substituted “the council of the county of Berkshire”.

(3) Section 10 of the 1947 Act shall have effect, in relation to Berkshire, as if after the word “but” there were inserted the words “, except so far as it relates to the constitution of an authority as the fire authority for the combined area constituted by the scheme and the performance by that authority of any functions necessary for bringing the scheme into full operation on that date,”.

Planning functions

5.—(1) The structure plan applying immediately before the reorganisation date to Berkshire and any proposals prepared before that date for the alteration or replacement of that plan shall be treated as if they had been prepared jointly by the Berkshire district councils; and section 50 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990(6) (“the 1990 Act”) shall apply accordingly.

(2) In relation to a Berkshire district council—

(a)section 36(5) of the 1990 Act (which provides that a local plan shall not contain policies in respect of minerals or waste) shall not apply;

(b)subsection (1) of section 37 of that Act (minerals local plans) shall have effect as if, after the words “local plan”, there were added the words “or include in their local plan their detailed policies in respect of development consisting of the winning and working of minerals or involving the deposit of mineral waste”; and

(c)subsection (2) of section 38 of that Act (waste policies) shall have effect as if, after paragraph (b), there were added the following—

“or

(c)include their waste policies in their local plan.”.

Designated authority

6.—(1) The council of the borough of Reading is specified as the designated authority for the purposes of—

(a)the Local Government Changes for England (Finance) Regulations 1994(7); and

(b)regulation 6(8) and Part III of the Local Government Changes for England (Property Transfer and Transitional Payments) Regulations 1995(8).

(2) For the purposes of Part V of the Local Government Changes for England (Miscellaneous Provision) Regulations 1996 (miscellaneous employment matters)(9), the designated authority in respect of an eligible person (within the meaning of that Part) formerly employed by the County Council shall be the council of the district of Newbury.

Superannuation fund

7.  The superannuation fund maintained by the County Council by virtue of regulations made under section 7 of the Superannuation Act 1972 (local government superannuation)(10), together with all rights and liabilities in respect of the fund, shall vest in the council of the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead.

Berkshire Act 1986

8.—(1) On and after the reorganisation date the Berkshire Act 1986(11) shall have effect subject to the modification in paragraph (2) below, and to such other modifications as are necessary for the purpose of securing the full and effective application of the Act.

(2) Section 14(3)(c)(ii) shall have effect as if for the words from “the highway authority” (where first occurring) to the end of the paragraph there were substituted the words “and the highway authority (if any) for the street in question, if the district council are not the highway authority”.

PART IIIELECTORAL ARRANGEMENTS

Electoral areas in Newbury and elections in Newbury in 1997 and subsequent years

9.—(1) For the purposes of an election held on or after 1st May 1997, the existing wards of the district of Newbury (“Newbury”) shall be abolished and Newbury shall be divided into thirty-one wards which shall bear the names set out in column (1) of the Schedule to this Order.

(2) The wards shall comprise the areas respectively described (in the manner described in paragraph (3) below) in column (2) of that Schedule, and the number of councillors to be elected for each ward shall be the number specified in respect of the ward in column (3) of that Schedule.

(3) The areas of the wards are described by reference to existing parishes or existing parish wards or, or and, as the case may be, are shown on one or more of the 4 maps prepared by the Department of the Environment, marked “Maps of the Berkshire (Structural Change) Order 1996”, and deposited in accordance with regulation 27 of the Local Government Changes for England Regulations 1994(12).

(4) Elections of all councillors of the council of Newbury shall be held simultaneously on the ordinary day of election of non-metropolitan district councillors in 1997, 2000, 2003 and every fourth year after 2003(13).

(5) The term of office of any councillor so elected shall be, in the case of the councillors elected in 1997 and 2000, three years and, in any other case, four years.

(6) On the fourth day after any such elections—

(a)the persons who were councillors immediately before those elections shall retire; and

(b)the newly elected councillors shall come into office.

(7) With effect from 1st May 1997, the District of Newbury (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1979 is revoked(14).

Additional councillor in Slough

10.  For the purposes of any election held on or after 1st May 1997 the number of councillors for the Colnbrook and Poyle ward in the borough of Slough shall be two.

PART IVTRANSITIONAL PROVISION

Elections in Bracknell Forest and Windsor and Maidenhead in 1997 and subsequent years

11.—(1) The District of Bracknell (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1977(15) and the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1980(16) shall have effect subject to the provisions of this article.

(2) Elections of all councillors of the councils of the borough of Bracknell Forest and the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead shall be held simultaneously on the ordinary day of election of councillors in 1997, 2000, 2003 and every fourth year after 2003.

(3) The term of office of any councillor so elected shall be, in the case of the councillors elected in 1997 and 2000, three years and, in any other case, four years.

(4) On the fourth day after any such elections—

(a)the persons who were councillors immediately before those elections shall retire; and

(b)the newly-elected councillors shall come into office.

Elections in Reading in 1997 and subsequent years

12.  The Borough of Reading (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1979(17) shall be amended by the substitution of the following for article 9—

“9.—(1) Elections of all councillors for wards of the borough shall be held simultaneously on the ordinary day of election of councillors in 1997.

(2) The councillors holding office for any ward of the borough immediately before 5th May 1997 shall retire on that date and the newly elected councillors for any such ward shall come into office on that date.

(3) Of the councillors elected at the ordinary election of councillors in 1997 for any ward of the borough—

(a)one-third shall retire in 1999 being, subject to paragraphs (4) and (5) below, the councillor elected by the smallest number of votes;

(b)one-third shall retire in 2000 being, subject as aforesaid, the councillor elected by the next smallest number of votes;

(c)the remaining councillor shall retire in 2001.

(4) In the case of an equality of votes between any persons elected which makes it uncertain which of them is to retire in any such year, the person to retire in that year shall be determined by lot.

(5) If an election of councillors for any ward is not contested, the person to retire in each such year shall be determined by lot.

(6) Where under this article any question is to be determined by lot, the lot shall be drawn at the next practicable meeting of the council after the question has arisen, and the drawing shall be conducted under the direction of the person presiding at the meeting.

(7) In each year in which a councillor for a ward in the borough retires in accordance with paragraphs (3) to (6) above an election of a councillor for that ward shall be held on the ordinary day of election of councillors in that year; and the term of office of councillors elected at such an election shall be three years.

(8) Except as otherwise provided in the foregoing paragraphs of this article, the term of office of councillors shall be four years, and all councillors shall retire on the fourth day after the ordinary day of election of councillors for the borough in the year of retirement and the newly elected councillors shall come into office on the day on which their predecessors retire.”.

Elections in Slough in 1997 and subsequent years

13.  The Borough of Slough (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1980(18) shall be amended by the substitution of the following for article 9—

“9.—(1) Elections of all councillors of the borough shall be held simultaneously on the ordinary day of election of councillors in 1997.

(2) The councillors holding office for any ward of the borough immediately before 5th May 1997 shall retire on that date and the newly elected councillors for any such ward shall come into office on that date.

(3) Of the councillors elected at the ordinary election of councillors in 1997 for any ward of the borough, other than Colnbrook and Poyle—

(a)one-third shall retire in 1999 being, subject to paragraphs (5) and (6) below, the councillor elected by the smallest number of votes;

(b)one-third shall retire in 2000 being, subject as aforesaid, the councillor elected by the next smallest number of votes;

(c)the remaining councillor shall retire in 2001.

(4) Of the councillors elected at the ordinary election of councillors in 1997 for Colnbrook and Poyle ward—

(a)one shall retire in 2000 being, subject to paragraphs (5) and (6) below, the councillor elected by the smaller number of votes,

(b)the remaining councillor shall retire in 2001.

(5) In the case of an equality of votes between any persons elected which makes it uncertain which of them is to retire in any such year, the person to retire in that year shall be determined by lot.

(6) If an election of councillors for any ward is not contested, the person to retire in each such year shall be determined by lot.

(7) Where under this article any question is to be determined by lot, the lot shall be drawn at the next practicable meeting of the council after the question has arisen, and the drawing shall be conducted under the direction of the person presiding at the meeting.

(8) In each year in which a councillor for a ward in the borough retires in accordance with paragraphs (3) to (7) above an election of a councillor for that ward shall be held on the ordinary day of election of councillors in that year; and the term of office of councillors elected at such an election shall be three years.

(9) Except as otherwise provided in the foregoing paragraphs of this article, the term of office of councillors shall be four years, and all councillors shall retire on the fourth day after the ordinary day of election of councillors for the borough in the year of retirement and the newly elected councillors shall come into office on the day on which their predecessors retire.”.

Elections in Wokingham in 1997 and subsequent years

14.—(1) The District of Wokingham (Electoral Arrangements) Order 1978(19) shall be amended in accordance with the following paragraphs of this article.

(2) The following shall be substituted for article 6—

“6.—(1) Elections of all councillors for wards of the district shall be held simultaneously on the ordinary day of election of councillors in 1997.

(2) The councillors holding office for any ward in the district immediately before 5th May 1997 shall retire on that date and the newly elected councillors for any such ward shall come into office on that date.

(3) The order of retirement of the councillors elected in 1997 shall be as set out in Schedule 2 to this Order.

(4) Where the number of councillors elected at the ordinary election of councillors in 1997 for any ward of the district is two, the first to retire in that ward shall be, subject to paragraphs (6) and (7) below, the councillor elected by the smaller number of votes.

(5) Where the number of councillors elected at the ordinary election of councillors in 1997 for any ward of the district is three—

(a)one-third shall retire in 1999 being, subject to paragraphs (6) and (7) below, the councillor elected by the smallest number of votes;

(b)one-third shall retire in 2000 being, subject as aforesaid, the councillor elected by the next smallest number of votes;

(c)the remaining councillor shall retire in 2001.

(6) In the case of an equality of votes between any persons elected which makes it uncertain which of them is to retire in any such year, the person to retire in that year shall be determined by lot.

(7) If an election of councillors for any ward is not contested, the person to retire in each such year shall be determined by lot.

(8) Where under this article any question is to be determined by lot, the lot shall be drawn at the next practicable meeting of the council after the question has arisen, and the drawing shall be conducted under the direction of the person presiding at the meeting.

(9) In each year in which a councillor for a ward in the district retires in accordance with paragraphs (3) to (8) above an election of a councillor for that ward shall be held on the ordinary day of election of councillors in that year; and the term of office of councillors elected at such an election shall be three years.

(10) Except as otherwise provided in the foregoing paragraphs of this article, the term of office of councillors shall be four years, and all councillors shall retire on the fourth day after the ordinary day of election of councillors for the district in the year of retirement and the newly elected councillors shall come into office on the day on which their predecessors retire.”.

(3) The following shall be substituted for Schedule 2—

Article 6(3)

“SCHEDULE 2ORDER OF RETIREMENT OF COUNCILLORS

Name of ward
Number of councillors to retire in 1999
Number of councillors to retire in 2000
Number of councillors to retire in 2001

Arborfield
1
0
0

Barkham
0
1
0

Bulmershe
1
0
1

Charvil
0
0
1

Coronation
1
1
1

Emmbrook
1
1
1

Evendons
1
1
1

Finchampstead North
1
0
1

Finchampstead South
1
1
0

Hurst
0
0
1

Little Hungerford
1
1
1

Loddon
1
1
1

Norreys
1
1
1

Redhatch
1
1
1

Remenham and Wargrave
1
1
0

Shinfield
1
1
1

Sonning
0
1
0

South Lake
1
1
1

Swallowfield
1
0
0

Twyford and Ruscombe
1
1
1

Westcott
0
1
1

Whitegates
0
1
1

Winnersh
1
1
1

Wokingham Without
1
1
1”.

Suspension of elections and casual vacancies

15.—(1) The ordinary election of councillors in 1997 for the County Council shall not take place; and any councillor for that council holding office immediately before the relevant date who would, but for this paragraph, have retired on that date shall, unless he resigns his office or it otherwise becomes vacant, continue to hold office until the reorganisation date.

(2) Section 89 of the 1972 Act (filling of casual vacancies in case of councillors) shall have effect—

(a)in the case of a casual vacancy occurring in the office of councillor of a Berkshire district before the relevant date, as if the reference in subsection (3) of that section to the day on which the councillor whose office is vacant would regularly have retired were a reference to the relevant date; and

(b)in the case of a casual vacancy occurring in the office of councillor for any electoral division in Berkshire, as if that reference in that subsection were a reference to the reorganisation date.

Signed by authority of the Secretary of State

David Curry
Minister of State,
Department of the Environment
18th July 1996

Article 9(1)

SCHEDULEWARDS OF DISTRICT OF NEWBURY: NAMES, AREAS AND NUMBERS OF COUNCILLORS

(1)
(2)
(3)

Name of ward
Description of area of ward
Number of councillors

Aldermaston
The parishes of Aldermaston, Brimpton, Wasing and Woolhampton
1

Basildon
The parishes of Basildon and Streatley
1

Birch Copse
The parish ward of Tilehurst Birch Copse (see Maps 3 and 4)
2

Bradfield
The parishes of Beenham, Bradfield, Englefield and Stanford Dingley
1

Bucklebury
The parishes of Bucklebury and Midgham
1

Burghfield
The parish of Burghfield
2

Calcot
The parish ward of Tilehurst Calcot (see Maps 3 and 4)
1

Chievely
The parishes of Boxford, Chieveley and Winterbourne
1

Cold Ash
The parishes of Cold Ash and Shaw-cum-Donnington
2

Compton
The parishes of Aldworth, Ashampstead, Compton and East Ilsley
1

Downlands
The parishes of Beedon, Brightwalton, Catmore, Chaddleworth, Farnborough, Fawley, Leckhampstead, Peasemore and West Ilsley
1

Falkland
The area is shown on Map 1
3

Greenham
The parish of Greenham
1

Hermitage
The parishes of Frilsham, Hampstead Norreys, Hermitage and Yattendon
1

Hungerford
The parish of Hungerford
2

Kintbury
The parishes of Combe, Enborne, Hamstead Marshall, Inkpen, Kintbury and West Woodhay
2

Lambourn
The parishes of East Garston, Great Shefford, Lambourn and Welford
2

Mortimer
The parishes of Beech Hill, Stratfield Mortimer and Wokefield
2

Northcroft
The area is shown on Map 1
3

Pangbourne
The parish of Pangbourne
1

Purley on Thames
The parishes of Purley on Thames, Sulham and Tidmarsh
2

St. Johns

The area is shown on Map 1
3

Speen
The parish of Speen
1

Sulhamstead
The parishes of Padworth, Sulhamstead and Ufton Nervet
1

Thatcham East
The area is shown on Map 2
2

Thatcham North
The area is shown on Map 2
3

Thatcham South
The area is shown on Maps 1 and 2
2

Thatcham West
The area is shown on Maps 1 and 2
1

Theale
The parish of Theale
3

Turnpike
The area is shown on Map 1
3

Westwood
The parish ward of Tilehurst Westwood (see Map 3)
2

Explanatory Note

(This note is not part of the Order)
This Order gives effect to recommendations by the Local Government Commission for England for the making of structural and electoral changes in the Royal County of Berkshire.
Article 3 effects the structural change by providing for the abolition of the county council of Berkshire on 1st April 1998 and the transfer of its functions, in relation to each district in the county, to the council of the district.
Article 4 makes provision for the purposes of subordinate legislation which may be made under the Fire Services Act 1947 in respect of fire services.
Article 5 makes provision in relation to the Berkshire structure plan and to enable the local plans prepared by the district councils under the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 to contain minerals and waste policies.
Article 6 designates the council of the borough of Reading for the purposes of regulations relating to finance and the transfer of property, rights and liabilities, and the council of the district of Newbury for the purposes of regulations relating to certain employment liabilities.
Article 7 vests the county council’s superannuation fund in the council of the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead.
Article 8 makes provision in relation to the Berkshire Act 1986.
Article 9 and the Schedule make provision for electoral arrangements in Newbury, including provision for whole council elections in 1997, 2000 and 2003 and every fourth year after 2003. The new wards are shown on the 4 maps prepared by the Department of the Environment, marked “Maps of the Berkshire (Structural Change) Order 1996”. The map forming part of this Note indicates the areas of the new wards.
Article 10 provides for there to be an additional councillor for the Colnbrook and Poyle ward in the borough of Slough.
Article 11 makes provision for whole council elections in Bracknell Forest and Windsor and Maidenhead in 1997, 2000 and 2003 and every fourth year after 2003.
Articles 12, 13 and 14 make provision for elections in Reading, Slough and Wokingham, respectively, in 1997 and subsequent years.
Article 15 provides for the suspension of county council elections in 1997 and extends the term of office of county councillors until 1st April 1998. It also makes provision in respect of casual vacancies in the office of councillor of the local authorities affected by this Order.


(1)
1992 c. 19.

(2)
Section 17 is amended by section 39(4) and (5) of the Police and Magistrates’ Courts Act 1994 (c. 29).

(3)
1972 c. 70.

(4)
1978 c. 30.

(5)
1947 c. 41; section 10 of this Act is amended by paragraph 2 of Schedule 3 to the Local Government Act 1992.

(6)
1990 c. 8. In this Act, sections 36 to 38 were substituted by paragraph 17 of Schedule 4 to the Planning and Compensation Act 1991 (c. 34) and section 50 was amended by paragraph 24 of that Schedule.

(7)
S.I. 1994/2825.

(8)
S.I. 1995/402.

(9)
S.I. 1996/330.

(10)
1972 c. 11. The current regulations are in S.I. 1995/1019, amended by S.I. 1995/2249.

(11)
1986 c.ii.

(12)
S.I. 1994/867, to which there are amendments not relevant to this Order.

(13)
For the ordinary day of election of councillors of local government areas, see section 37 of the Representation of the People Act 1983 (c. 2), amended by section 18(2) of the Representation of the People Act 1985 (c. 50).

(14)
S.I. 1979/1107.

(15)
S.I. 1977/1273; see also the Bracknell (Parishes) Order 1983 (S.I. 1983/1843). By virtue of a resolution under section 74(1) of the Local Government Act 1972 the name of the district was changed to “Bracknell Forest”. The change came into effect in May 1988, at the time the district took on borough status (granted on a petition presented by the district council under section 245 of the Local Government Act 1972 (c. 70)).

(16)
S.I. 1980/733.

(17)
S.I. 1979/1346.

(18)
S.I. 1980/429; see also the Berkshire, Buckinghamshire and Surrey (County Boundaries) Order 1994 (S.I. 1994/330), and article 10 of this Order.

(19)
S.I. 1978/1640.
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