Enforcement of Judgments (Payments from Wages) Act

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Published: 1974-12-23

Enforcement of Judgments (Payments from Wages) Act


2008 Revised Edition

CAP. 7.20






ENFORCEMENT OF JUDGMENTS
(PAYMENTS FROM WAGES) ACT

Enforcement of Judgments (Payments from
Wages) Act CAP. 7.20 Arrangement of Sections





2008 Revised Edition


Page 3



ENFORCEMENT OF JUDGMENTS (PAYMENTS
FROM WAGES) ACT

Arrangement of Sections
Section
1 Short title................................................................................................................ 5
2 Payment of wages to satisfy judgment................................................................... 5
3 Rates of payments from wages .............................................................................. 5
4 Signing and delivery of order ................................................................................ 6
5 Compliance with order........................................................................................... 6
6 Application of sums received by court under order ............................................... 6
7 Priority as between orders...................................................................................... 7
8 Statements of wages............................................................................................... 7
9 Discharge and variation of orders .......................................................................... 7
10 Penalty for non-compliance ................................................................................... 8
11 Proof of reasonable excuse .................................................................................... 8
12 Jurisdiction of courts.............................................................................................. 8
13 Regulations ............................................................................................................ 8


SCHEDULE 9

Supporting Documents

ENDNOTES 10

Enforcement of Judgments (Payments from Wages) Act CAP. 7.20 Section 1





2008 Revised Edition


Page 5



ENFORCEMENT OF JUDGMENTS (PAYMENTS
FROM WAGES) ACT

AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR THE ENFORCEMENT OF JUDGMENTS BY
THE ATTACHMENT OF WAGES1

Commencement [23rd December 1974]

1 Short title
This Act may be cited as the Enforcement of Judgments (Payments from
Wages) Act.

2 Payment of wages to satisfy judgment
If any judgment of a court (other than a lands court) requiring the payment of a sum
of money by any person (hereinafter referred to as the judgment debtor) is not
complied with the court may, without prejudice to any other powers it may have to
enforce the judgment, make an order that part of any wages payable then and in the
future to the judgment debtor shall be paid by the employer of the judgment debtor
(hereinafter referred to as the employer) into court and applied towards satisfaction
of the judgment.

3 Rates of payments from wages
(1) Where an order under section 2 is made by an island court or a magistrate's

court, other than the Senior Magistrate's Court, the order shall not require
payments at a rate exceeding $20 each fortnight.2

(2) The Minister in consultation with the Chief Justice may by order amend
subsection (1) to provide for a different maximum rate in which case the
Minister shall cause a copy of the order to be laid before Parliament at its
sitting next following the date on which the order came into operation.

Section 4 CAP. 7.20 Enforcement of Judgments (Payments from Wages) Act





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(3) Where an order under section 2 is made by the Senior Magistrate's Court the
order shall require payments at a rate which in the opinion of the Senior
Magistrate is reasonable having regard to the judgment debtor's wages and
anticipated wages and to his resources and needs.

4 Signing and delivery of order
(1) Every order under section 2 shall be in the form in the Schedule and shall be

signed by the judge, magistrate or president of the island court making the
order.

(2) Having been signed in accordance with subsection (1) the order shall be
delivered by hand to the employer:

Provided that the order shall be deemed to have been delivered to the
employer in accordance with this subsection —
(a) where the employer is the Government, if the order is delivered to the

Secretary to Government; or
(b) where the employer is a body corporate, if the order is delivered to the

manager, secretary or other principal officer of the corporation resident
in Tuvalu.

5 Compliance with order
(1) Subject to section 7, upon delivery of an order under section 2 in accordance

with section 4(2) the employer shall comply with it; but he shall be under no
liability for noncompliance before 7 days have elapsed since the delivery.

(2) Where a person has delivered to him an order under section 2 directed to him
and he is not the employer of the judgment debtor, or he subsequently ceases
to be the employer of the judgment debtor, he shall in either case within 10
days from the date of delivery or the cesser, as the case may be, give notice in
writing or in person of that fact to the court.

(3) Any person who without reasonable excuse fails to comply with subsection
(2) shall be liable to a fine of $200.3

(4) All payments made to the court in compliance with an order under section 2
shall be deemed to have been duly made by the employer to the judgment
debtor as part of his wages.

6 Application of sums received by court under order
The court into which a person makes payments in compliance with an order under
section 2 shall, after deducting such court fees, if any, in respect of proceedings for
or arising out of the order, as are deductible from those payments, deal with the

Enforcement of Judgments (Payments from Wages) Act CAP. 7.20 Section 7





2008 Revised Edition


Page 7



sums paid in the same way that it would if they had been paid by the judgment
debtor to satisfy the relevant judgment.

7 Priority as between orders
Where an employer is required to comply with 2 or more orders under section 2 in
respect of the same judgment debtor then the employer shall comply with the orders
consecutively in the sequence they were delivered to him.

8 Statements of wages
(1) Where in any proceedings a court has power to make an order under section 2

it may —
(a) issue a summons to compel the attendance of the judgment debtor

before the court and there require him to give to the court the name and
address of his employer and particulars as to his wages and anticipated
wages and as to his resources and needs;

(b) issue a summons to compel the attendance of any person who appears
to the court to be the employer of the judgment debtor (or, where the
person who appears to be the employer is a body corporate, of its
manager, secretary or other principal officer resident in Tuvalu) before
the court and there require him to give to the court particulars of the
wages and anticipated wages of the judgment debtor.

(2) Where an order under section 2 has been made the court may at any time
thereafter while the order is in force issue a summons under subsection (1) (a)
or (b) and thereafter require the person summonsed to give to the court the
information there referred to.

(3) Every summons issued under this section shall be served by hand on the
person to whom it is addressed.

(4) Any person who without reasonable excuse fails to comply with a summons
issued under this section shall be liable to a fine of $10 and to imprisonment
for 1 month.

(5) The court may require the information referred to in subsection (1) to be given
to the court on oath.

9 Discharge and variation of orders
(1) The court may at any time make an order discharging or varying an order

made under section 2.

(2) Subject to section 7, where an order under section 2 is varied the employer
shall, if notice in writing of the variation has been delivered by hand to him
(or where the employer is a body corporate to its manager, secretary or other

Section 10 CAP. 7.20 Enforcement of Judgments (Payments from Wages) Act





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principal officer resident in Tuvalu), comply with the order as varied; but he
shall be under no liability for non-compliance before 7 days have elapsed
since the delivery.

(3) Where an order under section 2 has been made and the person to whom it is
directed ceases to be the employer of the judgment debtor the order shall lapse
(except as respects deductions from wages paid under the cesser and payment
to the court of amounts deducted at any time) and be of no effect.

10 Penalty for non-compliance
Any person who without reasonable excuse fails to comply with an order under
section 2 delivered in accordance with this Act shall be liable to a fine of $200.4

11 Proof of reasonable excuse
In any proceedings for an offence under this Act the proof of reasonable excuse shall
lie on the person charged with the offence.

12 Jurisdiction of courts
Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary but subject to any different provision
which may be made by regulations made under section 13, every court shall for the
purpose of proceedings under this Act exercise jurisdiction throughout Tuvalu.

13 Regulations
Without prejudice to any powers conferred by other laws to make rules of court or
regulations governing magistrates' courts or island courts, the Minister may with the
approval of the Chief Justice make regulations for those courts in respect of
proceedings under this Act —

(a) regulating the practice and procedure;
(b) regulating the jurisdiction of the courts;
(c) regulating the receipt of moneys paid to a court under an order under

section 2 and the application of such moneys;
(d) generally for the better carrying into effect of the provisions, objects

and intentions of this Act.

Enforcement of Judgments (Payments from Wages) Act CAP. 7.20 SCHEDULE





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SCHEDULE

(Section 4 (1))

................................................. Court Case No. ............

(name of court making order)

To.......................................................................................................................................

(name of employer)

A judgment debt payable by.......................................................................................... to

(name of judgment debtor)

.................................................................................... has not been paid and the amount

(name of judgment creditor)

of $ ........................................ is now due.

It is therefore ordered that you pay to this court the sum of $................................... each
week/fortnight/month from any wages due from you to ...................................................

(name of judgment debtor)
until you have paid a total sum of $ .................................................................................

Dated................... Signed..............................................................

(President of Island Court Magistrate or Judge)
Note:

1. Failure to comply with this order without reasonable excuse is an offence punishable by
a fine of $100.

2. If you have previously received another order to pay a part of wages due to the judgment
debtor to a court you must complete payments under that order before starting payments
under this order.

3. If you are not the employer of the judgment debtor or you subsequently cease to be his
employer you must within 10 days of receipt of this order or the termination of the
employment, as the case may be, give notice in writing or in person of that fact to the
court. Failure without reasonable excuse to do so is an offence punishable by a fine of $50.

ENDNOTES CAP. 7.20 Enforcement of Judgments (Payments from Wages) Act





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ENDNOTES


1 1990 Revised Edition, Cap. 94 – Act 16 of 1974
Amended by Act 4 of 2009, commencement 6 July 2009
2 Amended by Act 4 of 2009
3 Amended by Act 4 of 2009
4 Amended by Act 4 of 2009
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