Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

Link to law: http://rgd.legalaffairs.gov.tt/Laws2/Alphabetical_List/lawspdfs/59.53.pdf

Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure
Act
32 of 1961

Amended by
40 of 1970
45 of 1979

*31 of 1980
**19 of 1981
*16 of 1987
†25 of 2005

*See Note on Validation at page 2
**See Note on Amendment at page 2

† See Note on page 2

L.R.O.

Current Authorised Pages
Pages Authorised

(inclusive) by L.R.O.
1–2 ..
3–12 ..
13–14 ..
15–28 ..
29–30 ..
31–36 ..
37–38 ..
39–46 ..
47–48 ..

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS TENURE ACT

CHAPTER 59:53

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UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

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Index of Subsidiary Legislation

Page
Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Regulations (GN 35/1966) … … 34

Agricultural Tribunals Order (LN 25/1986) … … … … 48

Note on Amendment
Section 38(4) of this Act has been amended by Act No. 19 of 1981. However, Act No. 19 of 1981
had not, up to the date of the revision of this Act, been brought into operation.

Note on Validation
This Act was re-enacted with retrospective effect, and all acts done under it were validated,
by Act No. 31 of 1980.

See also section 6 of Act No. 16 of 1987 which provides as follows:

“Notwithstanding any law to the contrary, it is hereby declared that all tribunals
purported to have been established under the Act together with the respective
agricultural districts in which those tribunals exercised their powers and duties are
deemed to have been established in accordance with the Act, and all things done or
omitted to be done by any agricultural tribunal are deemed to have been lawfully and
validly done or omitted to be done, and no legal proceedings or other action of any kind
shall be entertained in respect of or in consequence of such acts and things.”.

Note on Adaptation
Under paragraph 6 of the Second Schedule to the Law Revision Act (Ch. 3:03) the
Commission amended certain references to public officers in this Chapter. The Minister’s
approval of the amendments was signified by LN 52/1980, but no marginal reference is made
to this Notice where any such amendment is made in the text.

Note on Act No. 25 of 2005
Section 13 of the Caroni (1975) Limited and Orange Grove National Company Limited
(Divestment) Act, 2005 (Act No. 25 of 2005) provides as follows:

13. (1) Subject to subsection (2) from the appointed day, the Agricultural
Small Holdings Tenure Act, the Land Tenants (Security of Tenure) Act and the
State Lands (Regularisation of Tenure) Act, shall not apply to the real estate
undertakings vested in the State.

(2) This Act shall not operate to extinguish or otherwise derogate
from any rights, benefits, legitimate expectations or real estate undertakings
already acquired by or vested in any tenant or squatter under the Acts listed in
subsection (1).”.

2 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

“Non-
application of
certain Acts
Ch. 59:53,
Ch. 59:54
and
Ch. 57:05.

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Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 3

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L.R.O.

CHAPTER 59:53

AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS TENURE ACT

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

SECTION

1. Short title.

2. Interpretation.

SECURITY OF TENURE

3. Agricultural small holdings.

4. Statutory term not to be shortened.

5. Contract to be in writing.

6. Statutory conditions.

7. Copy of tenancy instrument to tenant.

8. Extension of renewal of contract of tenancy.

8A. Further extension of contract of tenancy.

9. Practice of good husbandry.

10. Contracting out of Act void.

11. Right of entry.

ESTABLISHMENT OF AGRICULTURAL TRIBUNALS

12. Agricultural tribunals.

13. Meetings of tribunals.

14. Acting Chairman.

15. Disqualification of members.

16. Witnesses before tribunals.

17. Regulation of proceedings and records.

18. Appointment of staff of tribunal.

19. Expenses and allowances of members of tribunal.

POWERS AND DUTIES OF TRIBUNAL

20. Functions of tribunal.

21. Provisions for securing tenancy instrument.



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ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS—Continued

SECTION

RENT ASSESSMENT HEARINGS

22. Application to fix maximum rent.

23. Holding of investigation following notice.

24. Voluntary evidence on investigation.

25. Compulsory evidence on investigation.

26. Oral evidence to be upon oath.

27. Place and hearing of investigation.

28. Representation before tribunal.

29. Relevant facts proved informally.

30. Inspection of small holding by tribunal.

31. Assessment of maximum rent in absence of evidence of landlord.

32. Witness expenses and costs.

33. Maximum rent certificate.

34. Evidential value of certificate.

35. Payment of difference on appeal.

APPEALS

36. Appeal from rent assessment.

RIGHTS OF LANDLORDS AND TENANTS

37. Termination by tenant.

38. Termination by landlord, application therefor.

39. Stay, postponement, etc., of order on conditions.

40. Time granted to take crops.

41. Compensation.

42. Compensation for loss of tenancy through misrepresentation.

43. Termination by agreement.

SUBLETTING AND ASSIGNMENTS

44. Subletting small holding.

45. Consent given by order of tribunal.

46. Assignment of contract of tenancy.

47. Assignment by consent order.

4 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

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Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 5

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SECTION

48. Effect of assignment.

49. Service of notice to quit.

50. Service of notices generally.

51. Agents of landlords.

52. Validity of agreements under this Act.

53. Extent of damages recoverable.

54. Restriction on premiums.

MISCELLANEOUS

55. Recovery of compensation and damages.

56. Offence arising out of order for possession.

57. Regulations.

58. General saving of rights.

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


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32 of 1961.

Ch. 79:07.

*Commencement.
[24/1966.
31 of 1980].
Short title.

Interpretation.

Ch. 63:50.

*See Act No. 31 of 1980.

CHAPTER 59:53

AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS TENURE ACT

An Act to provide for better security of tenure for farmers of
small agricultural holdings, to restrict the right to
recover possession of such holdings and for purposes
connected with the matters aforesaid, and to apply the
loan provisions of the Agricultural Development Bank
Act to certain tenancies.

[1ST MARCH 1966]

1. This Act may be cited as the Agricultural Small Holdings
Tenure Act.

2. (1) In this Act—
“agricultural district” means that area of Trinidad and Tobago in

which an agricultural tribunal may exercise its powers and
duties under this Act;

“agricultural land” means any arboreal plantation, banana land,
cane land, market garden land or rice land;

“arboreal plantation” means a plantation that is let or agreed to be
let for the cultivation of cacao, coffee, citrus or other
arboreal products;

“banana land” means land that is let or agreed to be let for the
cultivation, either wholly or mainly, of bananas or plantains;

“cane land” means land that is let or agreed to be let for the
farming, either wholly or mainly, of sugar cane;

“contract of tenancy” means any contract express or implied that
creates a tenancy in respect of agricultural land or any
transaction that creates a licence to cultivate any agricultural
land, but does not include an agricultural contract as defined
in the Agricultural Contracts Act when the terms and
conditions of such contracts are in writing and signed by the
parties thereto;

6 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

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Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 7

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L.R.O.

Ch. 23 No. 11
(1950 Ed.).
Ch. 23. No. 20
(1950 Ed.).

“landlord” means any person for the time being entitled to
receive the rents and profits of any land;

“market garden land” means land that is let or agreed to be let for
the cultivation of market garden crops, and other annual
foodcrops except rice;

“practice of good husbandry” means in relation to any small holding
that standard of husbandry determined pursuant to section 9;

“prescribed” means prescribed by regulations made under this Act;

“regulations” means regulations made under this Act;

“rice land” means land that is let or agreed to be let for use either
wholly or mainly for the cultivation of paddy, if at the time
of the letting or agreement to let the land is fit for the
cultivation of paddy;

“small holding” means a parcel of agricultural land held under a
contract of tenancy for agricultural purposes and that
consists of not less than one acre nor more than fifty acres
whether with or without buildings;

“tenant” means the holder of land under a contract of tenancy, and
includes the personal representative, executors, administrators,
assigns, committee in lunacy or trustee in bankruptcy of a
tenant or other person deriving title from a tenant;

“tenancy” includes a sub-tenancy;

“tenancy instrument” means the writing evidencing a contract of
tenancy;

“tribunal” means an agricultural tribunal established pursuant to
section 12.

(2) Aparcel of agricultural land that, immediately before the
commencement of this Act, was a holding or small holding for the
purposes of the Sugar Cane Small Holdings Ordinance (now repealed)
or the Rents of Small Agricultural Holdings Ordinance (now repealed)
but is not a small holding as defined in subsection (1) shall be deemed
for the purposes of this Act to be a small holding—

(a) during the subsistence of any tenancy agreement
in relation to that parcel and in effect on the
commencement of this Act; and



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Agricultural
small holdings.

Statutory term
not to be
shortened.

(b) during the continuance of any extension or
renewal of the tenancy agreement.

SECURITY OF TENURE

3. (1) Notwithstanding any law or agreement to the
contrary but subject to this Act, a contract of tenancy of a small
holding, whether written or oral, shall—

(a) in the case of a small holding of cane land, be
deemed to be a contract of tenancy for a term of
five years;

(b) in the case of a small holding of banana land, be
deemed to be a contract of tenancy for a term of
five years;

(c) in the case of a small holding of rice land, be
deemed to be a contract of tenancy for a term of
three years;

(d) in the case of a small holding of market garden
land, be deemed to be a contract of tenancy for
a term of one year; and

(e) in the case of a small holding of an arboreal
plantation, be deemed to be a contract of
tenancy for a term of ten years.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1) the term of years
therein limited for a contract of tenancy shall be computed from
the date the contract of tenancy was entered into or extended or
renewed, as the case may be.

(3) This section applies in respect of any land of the
kind mentioned in subsection (1) that is deemed to be a small
holding under section 2(2).

4. No contract of tenancy of any land mentioned in section
3(1), whether the contract was made before or after the
commencement of this Act, shall be terminated by the landlord or
tenant of the land within the term fixed for that contract by that
subsection, except in the manner provided by this Act.

8 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

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Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 9

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L.R.O.

Contract to be
in writing.

Statutory
conditions.

5. (1) A contract of tenancy shall be evidenced by an
instrument in writing called, in this Act, the tenancy instrument.

(2) The tenancy instrument shall contain the names
and addresses of the parties, the rent provided for, and the
place at which the rent is to be paid, the purpose of the tenancy,
the term of the contract of tenancy and such other particulars
as may be prescribed.

(3) The tenancy instrument shall be in such form as may
be prescribed and shall be signed by the parties thereto and
attested before a justice of the peace.

(4) This section does not apply to a contract of tenancy
of a small holding that was entered into before the
commencement of this Act.

6. (1) The conditions set forth in this section shall be implied
in every contract of tenancy of a small holding, whether entered into
before or after the commencement of this Act, and shall be written
under the heading “statutory conditions” into every tenancy
instrument executed after the commencement of this Act.

STATUTORY CONDITIONS

1. The rental payable under this contract shall be paid
annually by the tenant not later than the 31st December in
each year of the term of the contract.

2. The landlord undertakes and agrees to issue to the
tenant a receipt in writing for the payment of rent by or on
behalf of the tenant, and the receipt shall be in such form as
may be prescribed under the Agricultural Small Holdings
Tenure Act.

3. The landlord undertakes and agrees not to evict or
attempt to evict the tenant or to give the tenant notice to quit
or otherwise to terminate or attempt to terminate the
contract except as permitted and authorised by the
Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Act.

4. The tenant undertakes and agrees not to terminate or
attempt to terminate the tenancy except as permitted and
authorised by the Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Act.



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Copy of tenancy
instrument to
tenant.

Extension of
renewal of
contract of
tenancy.
[16 of 1987].

(2) In the case of a contract of tenancy of a small holding
of cane land the following statutory condition shall be implied in
the contract of tenancy and written into the tenancy instrument in
addition to the statutory conditions set forth in subsection (1).

CANE LAND: The landlord undertakes and agrees that the
tenant may use not more than one-fifth of the
total area of the small holding for the purpose
of growing food crops of the tenant.

7. (1) Forthwith upon the execution of a tenancy instrument,
the landlord shall deliver a signed copy of the tenancy instrument
to the tenant.

(2) Every landlord shall keep a file which shall contain
all tenancy instruments relating to small holdings and executed in
respect of any of his agricultural lands.

(3) Every landlord shall permit any file kept by him
pursuant to subsection (2) to be inspected at all reasonable times by
any person authorised in writing for that purpose by the Minister.

(4) A landlord who fails to comply with this section is
liable on summary conviction—

(a) in the case of a first offence, to a fine of seventy-
five dollars;

(b) in the case of a second or subsequent offence, to
a fine of one hundred and fifty dollars; and

(c) in any case, to a further fine of seventy-five
dollars each month during which failure to
comply with any such provision continues after
conviction therefor.

8. (1) A contract of tenancy of a small holding may be
extended or renewed from time to time.

(2) A tenant of a small holding who, for the term of his
contract of tenancy—

(a) has cultivated the small holding in a manner
consistent with the practice of good husbandry; and

10 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

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Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 11

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Further
extension of
contract of
tenancy.
[16 of 1987].

(b) has committed no breach of the contract
of tenancy,

is, subject to the provisions of this Act relating to the termination
of a contract of tenancy, entitled at the end of the term of the
contract of tenancy to an extension of the contract of tenancy for
a like term, and similarly at the end of that term or any subsequent
extended term of the contract of tenancy.

(3) The aggregate of the original period of a contract
of tenancy and the periods of extension thereof shall not,
except with the consent in writing of the landlord, exceed
twenty-five years.

8A. (1) Where a tenant requires consent in writing of a
landlord under section 8(3), the tenant shall, not less than three
months before the expiry of the period of twenty-five years, serve
notice in writing upon the landlord of his intention to further
renew the contract of tenancy for such period as may be
applicable to the type of small holdings held by the tenant under
section 3(1).

(2) Where a tenant serves a landlord with notice under
subsection (1) of the tenant’s intention to further renew the
contract of tenancy, the landlord may, not less than thirty days
before the date of expiry of the contract of tenancy under
section 8(3), either give or withhold his consent by notice in
writing served on the tenant.

(3) Where the tenant does not, before the expiry of the
thirty-day period referred to in subsection (2), receive any notice
in writing from the landlord, the landlord shall be deemed to have
assented to the renewal of the contract of tenancy.

(4) Sections 3 and 8 of this Act apply to a contract of
tenancy renewed under subsection (2) or subsection (3) as they
apply to an original contract of tenancy, so however that the
aggregate of the original period of a contract of tenancy and the
periods of extension thereof, shall not exceed fifty years.

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Practice of good
husbandry.

9. (1) For the purposes of this Act, the “practice of good
husbandry” in relation to a small holding shall be determined as a
matter of fact by the tribunal, who in making or giving an order
under section 38, shall take into consideration the following factors:

(a) the character and location of the small holding,
and the increase or decrease in the capital value
of the small holding as a result of the cultivation
practices of the tenant;

(b) the extent to which the tenant has maintained the
soil in good order in accordance with the
generally accepted measures and methods used
in similar locations for the conservation of soil,
or in accordance with any directions or advice
issued in writing to the tenant by the Minister or
his nominee in respect of measures and methods
most likely to conserve the soil and fertility of
the small holding of that tenant;

(c) the extent to which the tenant has maintained in
good order—

(i) drains, embankments, ditches, terraces,
barriers and hedges,

(ii) gates, fences and walls,
(iii) farm buildings, water tanks, ponds and

catchments;
(d) the extent to which the tenant has avoided any

practice commonly known to have an effect
harmful to the soil or that can lead to a reduction
in the fertility of the small holding;

(e) the extent to which the tenant has initiated and
carried out measures for the control of pests,
diseases and noxious weeds in accordance with
commonly accepted good methods or in
accordance with the written advice of the
Minister or his nominee;

(f) the extent to which the cultivation of the
small holding by the tenant has adversely or
beneficially affected other agricultural land
in the vicinity of the small holding.

12 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

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Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 13

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L.R.O.

*See section 4 of Act No. 40 of 1970 for validation of acts of tribunals between 15th December
1968 and 4th November 1970.

Contracting out
of Act void.

Right of entry.

Agricultural
tribunals.
[40 of 1970
45 of 1979
16 of 1987].

(2) Nothing in this section implies an obligation on the
part of a tenant of a small holding to carry out repairs to drains,
ditches, gates, fences, walls and farm buildings unless repairs
thereto are required to be carried out by him under his contract of
tenancy of the small holding.

10. A provision in a contract of tenancy of a small holding
whereby the tenant purports to contract himself out of the provisions
of this Act or the effect of which would be to contract the tenant out
of the provisions of this Act is against public policy and void.

11. The landlord of a small holding, or any person authorised
by him, may at all reasonable times enter in the small holding or
any part of it for the purpose of making any inspection thereof
that may reasonably be required for the purposes of this Act.

ESTABLISHMENT OF AGRICULTURAL TRIBUNALS

*12. (1) The President may by Order establish as many
agricultural tribunals as he may think fit and appoint the
members thereof, in accordance with this Act.

(2) The President when establishing a tribunal shall
specify in respect of that tribunal the agricultural district of the
tribunal, which shall be the area of the Territory in which the
tribunal shall exercise its powers and duties under this Act.

(3) A tribunal shall consist of—
(a) a magistrate selected by the Chief Justice, who

shall be the chairman of the tribunal;
(b) three persons appointed by the President who

shall be members at large of the tribunal;
(c) three persons appointed by the President on the

nomination singly of the Agricultural Society of
Trinidad and Tobago, of the Federation of
Agricultural, Fishing and other Co-operative
Societies of Trinidad and Tobago, and of the
Valuers’ Association; and

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Meetings of
tribunals.

Acting
chairman.

Disqualification
of members.

*See section 3 of Act No. 40 of 1970.

*(d) in the case of a tribunal whose agricultural district
is restricted to Trinidad, two persons appointed
by the President on the nomination singly of the
Trinidad Island-Wide Cane Farmers Association
and of the SMA Limited or its successors.

(4) The members appointed under subsection (3)(c) and
(d) shall be known as the representative members of the tribunal.

(5) All appointments under this section shall be for such
a period of not more than three years as the President shall
specify at the time of appointment.

13. (1) A tribunal shall meet so often as the chairman may
determine and at such time and at such place as the chairman may
consider expedient.

(2) Three members of a tribunal, including the chairman
or acting chairman, shall constitute a quorum of the tribunal.

(3) A tribunal may act notwithstanding any vacancy in
its membership.

(4) In all business before a tribunal the chairman or
acting chairman has an original vote.

(5) All matters and questions before a tribunal may be
decided by a majority of votes, but where the voting is equal, the
chairman or acting chairman may cast a deciding vote.

14. In the absence or inability to act as the chairman of a
tribunal, the Chief Justice at the request of the Minister may select
another magistrate to act temporarily as chairman during the period
of the absence or the duration of the inability of the chairman.

15. A member of a tribunal is disqualified from sitting on the
tribunal during the hearing and disposal of any matter in which he
is personally interested or in the case of a company so interested if
the member is directly or indirectly interested in the affairs of the
company or is the servant or agent of a person or company directly
or indirectly interested in the matter before the tribunal.

14 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

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Witnesses
before tribunals.

Regulation of
proceedings and
records.

Appointment of
staff of tribunal.

16. (1) For the purpose of securing the attendance of a
witness before a tribunal, the chairman of the tribunal has the
powers of a judge of a Petty Civil Court to compel the attendance
and examination of witnesses and the production of documents.

(2) A person is liable on summary conviction to a fine of
three hundred dollars who without lawful excuse—

(a) fails or refuses to attend a meeting of a tribunal
in obedience to a summons therefor;

(b) fails or refuses to answer any question material
to the subject of an investigation by a tribunal
and put to him by the tribunal or a member
thereof;

(c) fails or refuses to produce a document that he is
required by a tribunal to produce; or

(d) fails or refuses to supply any information
required by a tribunal.

(3) A person is liable on summary conviction to a fine of
one thousand five hundred dollars and to imprisonment for one
year who wilfully gives a false answer to any question material
to the subject of an investigation by a tribunal and put to him
during the course of any proceedings before the tribunal.

17. (1) Subject to this Act and to the Regulations, a tribunal
may regulate its own proceedings.

(2) The chairman of a tribunal shall cause to be kept a
record of each proceeding before the tribunal, of the evidence
taken before it, the decision arrived at, and of the names of the
members taking part in the proceedings.

18. With the approval of the Minister, a tribunal may appoint
and employ, at such remuneration and on such terms and
conditions as the Minister may determine either generally or
particularly, a secretary and such other officers and employees as
the tribunal may consider necessary for the proper carrying out of
its functions under this Act.

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Expenses and
allowances of
members of
tribunal.

Functions of
tribunal.

19. (1) The members of the tribunal shall be paid such
allowances and expenses as may be prescribed.

(2) Any payment authorised under this section shall be
made in the manner prescribed and shall be a charge on the
Consolidated Fund.

POWERS AND DUTIES OF TRIBUNAL

20. (1) In respect of its agricultural district a tribunal may,
upon the application of a landlord or tenant of a small holding—

(a) subject to subsection (3), assess, fix and certify
the maximum rent to be paid in respect of the
small holding;

(b) determine the amount of compensation in
relation to the small holding in any case where
the tribunal has a power or duty under this Act
to fix compensation;

(c) grant leave to the landlord to relocate the small
holding on other suitable land;

(d) grant leave to the landlord to reduce the size of
the small holding;

(e) authorise and direct the recovery of the small
holding;

(f) authorise and direct the transfer of the tenancy
of the small holding.

(2) In respect of its agricultural district a tribunal may
exercise any power or duty conferred or imposed upon it under
this or any other Act, and any power or duty that is incidental or
necessary to a power or duty thereby conferred or imposed.

(3) In assessing and fixing a maximum rent for a small
holding, a tribunal shall have regard to the market value of the
small holding as agricultural land, exclusive of any improvements
added thereto by the tenant or former tenant under a contract of
tenancy of the small holding, and allow the landlord a net return
of the prescribed percentage a year on the market value as
agricultural land of the land under the small holding.

16 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

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Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 17

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Provisions for
securing
tenancy
instrument.

(4) The prescribed percentage shall be four per cent or
such other percentage as may be fixed by Order of the President,
approved by both Houses of Parliament.

21. (1) Where—
(a) in respect of any contract of tenancy of a small

holding of any land mentioned in section 3(1)(a)
to (e) entered into after the commencement of
this Act, a tenancy instrument has not been
executed by the parties or the tenancy instrument
does not contain the statutory conditions
required by section 6 to be written therein; or

(b) in respect of a contract of tenancy of a small
holding of any land, mentioned in section
3(1)(a) to (e) and entered into before the
commencement of this Act, the terms and
conditions of the contract have not been reduced
to writing and signed by the parties, or if
reduced to writing do not include conditions
similar in substance and not less favourable to
the tenant than the statutory conditions required
by section 6,

the landlord or tenant, if he has first requested the other to have
the contract evidenced by a tenancy instrument or to include the
statutory conditions set out in section 6, or both, as the case may
require, and no such tenancy instrument has been executed, may
refer the matter to the tribunal of the agricultural district in which
the small holding is situated.

(2) On a reference under this section the tribunal shall in
its award—

(a) specify the existing terms of the contract of
tenancy between the landlord and tenant with
any variations thereof agreed upon by the
landlord and tenant; and

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS www.legalaffairs.gov.tt

Application to
fix maximum
rent.

Holding of
investigation
following
notice.

(b) in so far as the existing terms as specified make
no provision similar to section 6 or no less
favourable to the tenant or contain provisions
inconsistent with section 6, make provision for
the inclusion, in the tenancy instrument to
evidence the contract, of all the statutory
conditions required by section 6 to be included
in such instrument.

RENT ASSESSMENT HEARINGS

22. (1) A tenant or landlord of a small holding may make
application to the tribunal of the agricultural district in which the
small holding is situated to have the maximum rent of the small
holding assessed, fixed and certified.

(2) The tribunal shall cause notice of the date, time and
place fixed by the tribunal for investigating the application to be
given to the tenant and landlord concerned in the application.

(3) Where an application is made by a tenant the
tribunal may, if it thinks fit, direct that the notice to the landlord
be given to the agent of the landlord instead of to the landlord.

23. (1) When, on the day and at the time fixed for the
investigation, the tenant and the landlord, or the tenant and the
agent of the landlord, as the case may be, appear, the tribunal
shall proceed with the investigation; and for that purpose may
direct such adjournments and postponements from time to time
as it thinks proper.

(2) Where notice under section 22 has been received
by the tenant and the landlord, or the tenant and the agent of
the landlord, as the case may be, if the tenant or landlord or
agent of the landlord, as the case may be, fails to appear on the
date and at the time fixed for the investigation, the tribunal
may proceed with the investigation or may postpone it to such
date as it thinks fit.

18 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS www.legalaffairs.gov.tt

Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 19

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

L.R.O.

Voluntary
evidence on
investigation.

Compulsory
evidence on
investigation.

Oral evidence to
be upon oath.
Ch. 7:02.

(3) Where notice under section 22 has been received by
the tenant, the tribunal may, notwithstanding that the landlord or
the agent of the landlord has received no notice under section 22,
proceed with the investigation—

(a) if delivery of the notice was refused by the
landlord or agent of the landlord, as the case
may be;

(b) if the address in Trinidad and Tobago of the
landlord and the agent of the landlord, if any, are
not known to the tenant and cannot be
ascertained by the tribunal; or

(c) if the landlord resides elsewhere than in
Trinidad and Tobago.

24. (1) On an investigation by a tribunal, the landlord or his
agent may give evidence, produce documents and call witnesses;
and the tenant thereof may cross-examine the landlord or his
agent and any witnesses called on behalf of the landlord.

(2) On an investigation by a tribunal, the tenant may
give evidence, produce documents and call witnesses, and any
other person may give evidence for the purpose of ascertaining
all the relevant facts; and the landlord or his agent and the tenant
may cross-examine any witness called on behalf of the tenant and
the landlord or his agent and the tenant may cross-examine any
other person giving evidence on the investigation.

25. A tribunal may require the landlord, or his agent, the
tenant or any other person to give evidence for the purpose of
ascertaining all the relevant facts; and the landlord or his agent
and the tenant may cross-examine any such witness.

26. Subject to the Evidence Act, all oral evidence given
before a tribunal on an investigation of an application under
section 22 shall be given upon oath, and the chairman of the
tribunal shall administer the oath.

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS www.legalaffairs.gov.tt

Place and
hearing of
investigation.

Representation
before tribunal.

Relevant facts
proved
informally.

Inspection of
small holding
by tribunal.

27. The proceedings at every investigation by a tribunal of an
application under section 22 shall be conducted at such place or
places within its agricultural district as may, with the approval of
the Chief Justice, be determined by the tribunal, and shall be open
to the public.

28. (1) The landlord and the tenant and any other interested
party may be represented before a tribunal by an Attorney-at-law
of the Supreme Court.

(2) The landlord may be represented before a tribunal by
his agent.

29. (1) Upon the investigation of an application under
section 22, the tribunal may, subject to subsection (2), take into
consideration any relevant facts that the tribunal finds to be
proved by the investigation, notwithstanding the absence of
formal proof of those facts.

(2) Before any facts referred to in subsection (1) are
taken into consideration by the tribunal—

(a) the party or parties present before the tribunal
shall be informed of the substance of those facts;

(b) the tribunal shall make or cause to be made a
note of those facts; and

(c) the party or parties present before the tribunal shall
be given an opportunity, if he or they so desire, of
adducing evidence in regard to those facts.

30. (1) Where an application is made under section 22, the
tribunal may, for the purpose of inspecting the small holding
concerned in the application require the tenant to permit the tribunal
to enter upon the small holding; and, where necessary, the tribunal
may require the landlord to grant access to the small holding.

(2) Where an inspection is to be made without requiring
the landlord to grant access to the small holding being inspected,
the tribunal shall give reasonable notice to the landlord of its
intention to inspect the small holding.

20 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS www.legalaffairs.gov.tt

Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 21

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

L.R.O.

Assessment of
maximum rent
in absence of
evidence of
landlord.

Witness
expenses and
costs.

(3) Where a tribunal inspects a small holding under the
authority of this section, the tribunal shall record or cause to be
recorded the results of its inspection.

31. Without prejudice to the power of a tribunal to assess, fix
and certify a maximum rent following an investigation, a tribunal
may assess, fix and certify a maximum rent for a small holding in
respect of which an application is made under section 22, where—

(a) the landlord or his agent fails without reasonable
cause to attend before the tribunal on the date
and at the time and place fixed in the notice
given under section 22, or on any date on which
the holding of the investigation was adjourned or
postponed, if the notice was received by the
landlord or his agent;

(b) the landlord or his agent declines to give
evidence, or declines to give evidence on any
point that in the opinion of the tribunal is
relevant to its investigation;

(c) the landlord or his agent is for any reason unable
to prove any fact required to be proved for the
purpose of ascertaining or fixing the maximum
rent; or

(d) the investigation was held under section 23(3).

32. (1) The chairman of a tribunal investigating an
application under section 22 may direct that out of pocket expenses
of any witness shall be paid by such party as he thinks proper.

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), no direction for the
payment of out of pocket expenses of a witness called by the
tenant shall be given against the landlord where the maximum
rent fixed by the tribunal on the application of the tenant is the
same as or greater than the rent actually paid by the tenant to the
landlord before the application was made.

(3) Except as provided in subsection (1), no costs shall
be awarded to any party and no fee shall be allowed to any witness
upon the investigation of an application under section 22.

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS www.legalaffairs.gov.tt

Maximum rent
certificate.

Evidential value
of certificate.

Payment of
difference on
appeal.

33. Where a tribunal has ascertained, assessed and fixed the
maximum rent for a small holding, the chairman shall—

(a) cause to be recorded, filed and preserved the
reasons for the tribunal’s decision;

(b) cause a certificate of the maximum rent to be
completed in the form prescribed, and sign
the same;

(c) issue the certificate by causing a signed copy
thereof to be sent by registered mail to the
landlord and to each tenant who was a party to
the application.

34. A certificate of maximum rent issued pursuant to section 33
shall be admitted in evidence in all Courts of law and before any
tribunal as conclusive proof—

(a) as between the landlord and the tenant who were
parties to the investigation by which the
maximum rent was assessed; and

(b) for and against the tenant who was a party to the
investigation by which the maximum rent was
assessed, notwithstanding any change of landlord,

that the maximum rent of the small holdings described in the
certificate is as stated there, and in all other cases shall be
admitted in evidence in all Courts of law and before any tribunal
as prima facie proof thereof.

35. Payment of the maximum rent stated in a certificate
of maximum rent issued pursuant to section 33 may be
enforced notwithstanding any appeal under section 36, but
where on any such appeal it is adjudged that the maximum
rent stated in the certificate is more or less than the maximum
rent that ought to have been so stated, the tenant or the
landlord, as the case may be, shall pay the difference to the
landlord or tenant, as the case may be, and the difference so
required to be paid may be recovered by the party entitled
thereto as a debt due to that party.

22 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS www.legalaffairs.gov.tt

Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 23

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

L.R.O.

Appeal from
rent assessment.

APPEALS

36. (1) Where a landlord or tenant is dissatisfied with a
decision of a tribunal in respect of any matter referred to the
tribunal for decision under this Act, the landlord or tenant may,
except where the decision is in this Act stated to be final, appeal
therefrom to the Court of Appeal in the manner and subject to the
conditions provided in this section.

(2) Within twenty-one days after the date upon which in
the normal course of post he would have received the certificate
of maximum rent issued by the tribunal, an appellant shall—

(a) pay two dollars on the account of the Comptroller
of Accounts, to the secretary of the tribunal;

(b) lodge with the chairman of the tribunal whose
decision is being appealed from written notice
of the appeal with a receipt for the sum paid
under paragraph (a); and

(c) give a copy of the written notice of appeal to the
opposite party.

(3) Where the appellant has complied with the
requirements of subsection (2)(b) within the time limited in that
subsection therefor, the chairman of the tribunal shall, within
twenty-one days after the written notice of appeal was lodged
with him, transmit to the Registrar of the Supreme Court—

(a) one copy of the evidence recorded by the
tribunal pursuant to this Act;

(b) one copy of the reasons for decision;
(c) two copies of the certificates issued by the

chairman; and
(d) the original notice of appeal together with the

receipt for the sum paid under subsection (2)(a),

and the chairman shall authenticate the copies of the evidence,
reasons and certificates by his signature thereon.

(4) An appeal under this section shall be heard by the
Court of Appeal.



UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS www.legalaffairs.gov.tt

(5) On the appeal the Court of Appeal may order that
evidence be adduced before it on a day to be fixed for that
purpose and may—

(a) refer the matter back to the tribunal to make a
fresh investigation subject to such direction of
law, if any, as the Court thinks fit to give; or

(b) affirm, vary or reverse the order or decision of
the tribunal, or where the order of the tribunal
fixed a maximum rent, affirm, decrease or
increase that maximum rent.

(6) Where upon an appeal to the Court of Appeal any
maximum rent as certified by a tribunal is increased or decreased,
the maximum rent as determined by the Court of Appeal becomes
effective from the date on which the certificate of the tribunal
respecting that maximum rent took effect.

(7) The decision of the Court of Appeal on an appeal
under this Act is final.

(8) In the case of an appeal from the decision of a tribunal
fixing a maximum rent, the decision of the Court of Appeal on the
appeal shall be endorsed on the certificate of the tribunal certifying
the maximum rent; and the date of the decision of the Court of Appeal
shall be given in the endorsement and the endorsement shall be
authenticated by the signature of the Registrar of the Supreme Court.

(9) After endorsing a certificate pursuant to subsection (8),
the Registrar of the Supreme Court shall transmit to the chairman of
the tribunal appealed from a copy of the certificate as endorsed and
authenticated in accordance with subsection (8).

(10) It is not necessary that a formal order be drawn up or
entered in respect of an appeal to the Court of Appeal from a tribunal.

(11) No fees shall be charged in respect of any appeal
under this section, except as provided in subsection (2)(a).

(12) Upon an appeal under this section, the award of
costs, if any, and the amount of any award of costs is in the
discretion of the Court of Appeal.

24 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS www.legalaffairs.gov.tt

Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 25

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

L.R.O.

Termination by
tenant.

Termination by
landlord,
application
therefor.

RIGHTS OF LANDLORDS AND TENANTS

37. A tenant may terminate his contract of tenancy of a small
holding by giving to the landlord not less than six months notice
in writing.

38. (1) A landlord of a small holding may apply to the
tribunal of the agricultural district in which the small holding is
situated for the possession of the small holding, or for the
ejectment of the tenant from the small holding.

(2) No order for the recovery of possession of a small
holding, or for the ejectment of a tenant therefrom shall, whether
in respect of a notice given or proceedings begun before or after
the commencement of this Act, be made or given unless—

(a) the tenant fails to pay the rent due by him by the
time and in the manner it becomes due;

(b) the tenant has given notice to quit and in
consequence of that notice, the landlord has
contracted to sell or let the small holding or has
taken any other steps as a result of which he
would, in the opinion of the tribunal, be seriously
prejudiced if he could not obtain possession;

(c) the tenant without any reasonable excuse fails to
use the small holding wholly or mainly for the
purpose for which it was let to him;

(d) the tenant is convicted of any offence involving
fraud or dishonesty in respect of any agricultural
produce or livestock, or if the tenant is
convicted of having caused malicious damage to
the property of the landlord, or of other tenants
of small holdings of the landlord;

(e) the small holding or any part thereof has been
compulsorily acquired for a public purpose
under any law in force in Trinidad and Tobago,
or is required for a public purpose;

(f) the tenant sublets or assigns the small holding
without the consent of the landlord previously
obtained in writing;

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS www.legalaffairs.gov.tt

(g) it is shown to the satisfaction of the tribunal that
the tenant has substantially failed to use the land
in accordance with the practice of good
husbandry and the tribunal has granted leave to
the landlord to terminate the tenancy;

(h) the landlord in applying for leave to relocate the
small holding satisfies the tribunal that having
regard to the character and situation of the small
holding and of the relevant circumstances it is in
the interests of full and efficient production to
relocate the small holding;

(i) the landlord reasonably requires the small
holding or any part thereof for use as such by—

(i) himself, or
(ii) any son or daughter of his over the age of

eighteen years,
and the tribunal is satisfied that having regard to
all the circumstances of the case greater
hardship would be caused by refusing to grant
an order than by granting it;

(j) the landlord reasonably requires the small
holding or a part thereof for the purpose of
adjusting boundaries between the agricultural
units of his land or for drainage or irrigation, or
for making access roads, or for developing other
lands of the landlord,

and in any such case the tribunal considers it reasonable to make
the order.

(3) An order made in pursuance of subsection (2)(e) or
(j) may relate to the part only of the small holding, acquired or
required, as the case may be, and in any such event—

(a) the provisions of this Act respecting
compensation shall apply as if the part to which
the order relates were a separate holding; and

26 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS www.legalaffairs.gov.tt

Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 27

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

L.R.O.

Ch. 27. No. 16.
(1950 Ed.).

Stay,
postponement,
etc., of order on
conditions.

Time granted to
take crops.

Compensation.
[16 of 1987].

(b) the tenant shall be entitled to a reduction of rent
proportionate to the part to which the order
relates, and in respect of any depreciation of the
market value of the residue of the holding caused
by the severance or by the use to be made of the
part severed, and the amount of that reduction
shall be settled as in the case of compensation
under this Act.

(4) An order by a tribunal for the recovery of possession
of a small holding, or for the ejectment of a tenant therefrom,
may be enforced as if it were an order for possession made by a
Court under the Landlord and Tenant Ordinance.

39. (1) Where an application is made under section 38 to a
tribunal for the possession of a small holding, the tribunal may—

(a) adjourn the hearing of the application from time
to time;

(b) stay or suspend execution of its order or
postpone the date of possession for such period
as it thinks fit, and from time to time grant
further stays or suspensions of execution and
further postponements of the date of possession.

(2) An adjournment, stay, suspension or postponement
may be granted subject to such conditions, if any, as the tribunal
thinks proper; and if the conditions are complied with and the order
has been made the tribunal may discharge or rescind the order.

40. In making an order under section 38, the tribunal shall
not require a tenant to quit a small holding until the crop then
growing thereon has been reaped, or until after the date when the
kind of crop growing thereon would normally be reaped in the
agricultural district in which the small holding is situated.

41. (1) Where an order for the possession of a small holding
has been made on any of the grounds set out in section 38(2), the
tribunal making the order may, subject to subsection (3) of this
section, award the tenant and any subtenant such compensation
as the tribunal considers just in the circumstances.

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS www.legalaffairs.gov.tt

Compensation
for loss of
tenancy through
misrepresentation.

Termination by
agreement.

(2) Where a contract of tenancy is terminated by reason
of effluxion of time or by any other cause under the Act, the
tenant or subtenant may, not later than forty-five days after the
termination of the contract of tenancy, make an application to
the tribunal for an award of compensation and subject to
subsection (3), the tribunal may award such compensation as it
considers just in the circumstances.

(3) In fixing compensation under this section, the
tribunal may award compensation for—

(a) the unexpired value of fertilizer placed in or on
the land by the tenant;

(b) the unexpired value of drainage and mechanical
tillage done by the tenant;

(c) the value of any buildings or other improvements
constructed on the land by the tenant with the
written permission of the landlord; and

(d) the value of any growing crops on the land at the
determination of the tenancy,

but in fixing compensation the tribunal shall set off against the
compensation to the tenant the amount by which the capital
value of the land may have depreciated as a result of the tenant
having used the land in a manner contrary to the practice of
good husbandry.

42. Where it is made to appear to a tribunal that an order made
by it for the possession of a small holding or for the ejectment of a
tenant therefrom was obtained by misrepresentation or by the
concealment of material facts, the tribunal may order the landlord
to pay to the person put out of possession such sum as appears to
the tribunal sufficient compensation for the damage or loss
sustained by that person as a result of the order.

43. Nothing in this Act prevents or shall be deemed to
prevent a landlord or a tenant of a small holding from terminating
a contract of tenancy by agreement.

28 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS www.legalaffairs.gov.tt

Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 29

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

L.R.O.

Subletting small
holding.

Consent given
by order of
tribunal.

Assignment of
contract of
tenancy.

Assignment by
consent order.

SUBLETTING AND ASSIGNMENTS

44. (1) A tenant may with the consent of the landlord sublet
the entire small holding; and the consent of the landlord thereto
shall not be unreasonably withheld.

(2) A tenant may sublet a part of the small holding with
the consent of the landlord.

(3) A tenant who desires to sublet a small holding shall,
if required by his landlord to do so—

(a) disclose to the landlord the terms upon which
the tenant proposes to sublet the small holding;

(b) render it a term of the subtenancy of the small
holding that the subtenant is to pay to the
landlord the full amount of the rent payable by
the tenant in respect of the small holding.

45. (1) Where a tenant claims that his landlord has
unreasonably withheld consent to the subletting of the tenant’s
small holding, the tenant may apply in writing to the tribunal of
the agricultural district in which the small holding is situated for
an order consenting to the subletting.

(2) If the tribunal considers that the consent of the
landlord to the subletting has been unreasonably withheld, the
tribunal shall by order give its consent thereto; and the order of
the tribunal has effect as if it were the consent of the landlord
previously obtained in writing.

46. A tenant of a small holding may, with the consent of his
landlord, assign his contract of tenancy of the small holding.

47. (1) Where a tenant of a small holding desires to assign
his contract of tenancy thereof in circumstances where the
landlord is or appears to be unwilling to give consent thereto, the
tenant shall give or send to the landlord a written notice of
intention to assign the small holding and, at the same time, he
shall give or send a copy of that notice to the tribunal of the
agricultural district in which the small holding is situated.

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS www.legalaffairs.gov.tt

Effect of
assignment.

Service of
notice to quit.

Service of
notices
generally.

Ch. 4:20.

(2) At any time after the receipt of the copy of the notice
mentioned in subsection (1) the tribunal may require the landlord
or the tenant to furnish within a specified time answers to such
particulars of information as the tribunal may reasonably require;
and on receipt of the answers or after the expiration of the time
within which the answers were required to be furnished, the
tribunal shall inquire into the matter.

(3) If after the inquiry the tribunal is of the opinion that the
landlord is unreasonably withholding consent to the assignment of
the contract of tenancy of the small holding, the tribunal may by
order declare that the tenant is entitled without the consent of the
landlord to assign the contract of tenancy on a day specified.

(4) An order under subsection (3) operates in all
respects as if it were the consent of the landlord to the assignment
of the contract of tenancy mentioned in the order.

48. On the assignment of a contract of tenancy pursuant to
section 46 or 47, all the interest, rights, obligations and liabilities
of the tenant vest in and are imposed upon the assignee absolutely,
notwithstanding any law of Trinidad and Tobago to the contrary.

49. Service of a notice to quit under this Act by a landlord on
any of his tenants of a small holding may, if the tenant’s
whereabouts are unknown to the landlord, be effected by serving
the chairman of the tribunal of the agricultural district in which
the small holding is situated with a copy of the notice and sending
the notice by registered post to the tenant at his last known
address; and the service of the copy of the notice on the chairman
shall be deemed to be service on the tenant.

50. (1) Subject to section 49, where a notice is required by
this Act to be given and provision is not made by this Act for the
mode of service, the notice shall be given by registered post and
shall prima facie be deemed to have been received in the ordinary
course of post or by personal delivery.

(2) The provisions of section 120 of the Summary Courts
Act shall apply mutatis mutandis in respect of proof of service of
notice under this Act before a tribunal or Court of Appeal.

30 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS www.legalaffairs.gov.tt

Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 31

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

L.R.O.

Agents of
landlords.

Validity of
agreements
under this Act.

Extent of
damages
recoverable.

Restriction on
premiums.

51. Anything that, by or under this Act, is required or
authorised to be done to, by or in respect of a landlord of a small
holding may be done to, by or in respect of an agent of the
landlord duly authorised in that behalf.

52. Without affecting in any way proceedings that may be
taken under an Act imposing stamp duties on the execution of
instruments, it is no objection to a contract of tenancy, subletting,
assignment of a contract of tenancy or authorisation made
pursuant to this Act in respect of a small holding that the contract,
sublease, assignment or authorisation is not stamped or is
insufficiently stamped or in the case of a contract, other than one
requiring to be evidenced by a tenancy instrument, that the
contract or some memorandum or note thereof is not in writing
and signed by the party to be charged.

53. Notwithstanding any provision in a contract of tenancy
of a small holding making either the landlord or the tenant
liable to pay any liquidated damages or any penalty in the event
of any breach or non-fulfilment of any of the terms or
conditions in the contract, neither party is entitled to recover
any sum in consequence of any such breach or non-fulfilment
in excess of the damage actually suffered by him in
consequence of the breach or non-fulfilment of any of the terms
or conditions in the contract.

54. (1) No person shall, as a condition of the grant, renewal
or continuance of a tenancy of any small holding, require the
payment of any fine, premium, or other like sum, or the giving of
any consideration, in addition to the rent.

(2) A person requiring any payment or the giving of any
consideration in contravention of this section is liable on
summary conviction to a fine of one thousand five hundred
dollars and the Court by which he is convicted may order the
amount paid or the value of the consideration to be repaid to the
person by whom it was made or given.

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS www.legalaffairs.gov.tt

Recovery of
compensation
and damages.

Offence arising
out of order for
possession.

Regulations.

MISCELLANEOUS

55. (1) Any amount awarded or fixed by a tribunal to be
paid as compensation or damages or costs pursuant to this Act
may be recovered in any Court of competent jurisdiction as a debt
due and payable.

(2) A certificate issued by a tribunal under the hand of
the chairman thereof stating the amount of compensation or
damages or costs awarded or fixed by the tribunal under this Act
is admissible in evidence in any Court as conclusive proof of the
amount of compensation or damages or costs so payable.

56. Whenever a landlord has obtained an order for
possession of a small holding pursuant to this Act and the order
is executed or the tenant voluntarily gives up his tenancy in
consequence of that order, the landlord—

(a) if the order was made on the grounds set out in
section 38(2)(h) or (i) or (j) and without first
obtaining the permission of the tribunal of the
agricultural district in which the small holding is
situated, he at any time uses or permits to be used
or lets the small holding for any other purpose;

(b) if the landlord does not within a reasonable time
after obtaining possession of the small holding
use the small holding for the purpose for which
he resumed possession; or

(c) if having obtained the permission of the tribunal,
the landlord fails to comply with any of the terms
or conditions that the tribunal may have attached
to that permission under paragraph (a),

is liable on summary conviction to a fine of seven hundred and
fifty dollars.

57. The Minister may make Regulations—
(a) prescribing the manner and the form in which

applications may be made to a tribunal under
this Act;

32 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

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Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 33

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

L.R.O.

General saving
of rights.

(b) prescribing forms for the purposes of this Act;
(c) prescribing anything required or authorised to

be prescribed by this Act;
(d) generally, for carrying out the provisions of

this Act.

58. Except as in this Act expressly provided, nothing in this
Act prejudicially affects any power, right or remedy of a landlord,
or tenant, or other person, vested in or exercisable by him by
virtue of any other Act or law, in respect of any contract of
tenancy or other contract, or of any fixtures, tax, rate, rent or
other thing.

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

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SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION

AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS TENURE
REGULATIONS

ARRANGEMENT OF REGULATIONS

REGULATION

1. Citation.

2. Form of tenancy agreement.

3. Form of receipt for payment by a tenant under a contract of tenancy.

4. Form of application to fix maximum rent.

5. Form of notice required by section 22(2) of Act.

6. Form of notice required by section 30(2) of Act.

7. Form of certificate of maximum rent.

8. Form of notice of appeal required by section 36(2)(b).

9. Form of application for possession or ejectment.

10. Form of application for an order consenting to subletting.

11. Form of notice of intention to assign small holding.

12. Expenses and allowances of members of a tribunal.

SCHEDULE.

34 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

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Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 35

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

[Subsidiary]

L.R.O.

35/1966.

Citation.

Form of tenancy
agreement.
Form 1.

Form of receipt
for payment by
a tenant under a
contract of
tenancy.
Form 2.

Form of
application to
fix maximum
rent.

Form 3.

Form of notice
required by
section 22(2) of
Act.

Form 4.

Form of notice
required by
section 30(2) of
Act.
Form 5.

Form of
certificate of
maximum rent.

Form 6.

Form of notice
of appeal
required by
section 36(2)(b).
Form 7.

AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS TENURE
REGULATIONS

made under section 57

1. These Regulations may be cited as the Agricultural Small
Holdings Tenure Regulations.

2. A tenancy instrument required by section 5 of the Act
shall be in the form set out as Form 1 in the Schedule.

3. A receipt issued under section 6(1) to a tenant by a
landlord for the payment of rent by or on behalf of a tenant shall
be in the form set out as Form 2 in the Schedule.

4. An application made under section 22(1) of the Act by a
tenant or landlord to a tribunal for the purpose of having the
maximum rent of a small holding assessed, fixed and certified
shall be in the form set out as Form 3 in the Schedule.

5. A notice given under section 22(2) of the Act to a tenant
and landlord of the date, time and place fixed for investigating an
application referred to in regulation 4 shall be in the form set out
as Form 4 in the Schedule.

6. A notice given under section 30(2) of the Act of a
tribunal’s intention to inspect a small holding shall be in the form
set out as Form 5 in the Schedule.

7. A certificate of maximum rent issued under section 33 of
the Act by the chairman of a tribunal shall be in the form set out
as Form 6 in the Schedule.

8. A written notice of appeal from the decision of a tribunal
required by section 36(2)(b) of the Act shall be in the form set out
as Form 7 in the Schedule.

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

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Form of
application for
possession or
ejectment.

Form 8.

Form of
application for
an order
consenting to
subletting.
Form 9.

Form of notice
of intention to
assign small
holding.

Form 10.

Expenses and
allowances of
members of a
tribunal.

Ch. 23:50.
Sub. Leg.

9. An application made under section 38 of the Act by a
landlord to a tribunal for the possession of a small holding or for
the ejectment of a tenant from a small holding shall be in the form
set out as Form 8 in the Schedule.

10. (1) An application made under section 45(1) of the Act to
a tribunal for an order consenting to the subletting of a tenant’s
small holding shall be in the form set out as Form 9 in the Schedule.

(2) The provisions of sections 22 to 32 of the Act apply
mutatis mutandis to applications made under regulation 9 or
under subregulation (1) of this regulation.

11. A written notice given under section 47(1) by a tenant
of an intention to assign his contract of tenancy of a small
holding, where the landlord is or appears to be unwilling to
give consent to such assignment, shall be in the form set out as
Form 10 in the Schedule.

12. (1) The chairman of a tribunal shall be paid an allowance
of $30.00 for each day on which he attends a sitting of the tribunal.

(2) A member of a tribunal shall be paid an allowance of
$20.00 for each day on which he attends a sitting of the tribunal.

(3) Where the chairman or a member of the tribunal uses
his own motor vehicle for the performance of his duties, he shall
be paid a travelling allowance at the rates provided for civil
servants by the Travelling Allowances Regulations for the time
being in force.

(4) Where the chairman or a member of the tribunal uses
public transport for the performance of his duties, he shall be
reimbursed the actual amount spent in such transport.

36 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

[Subsidiary] Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Regulations

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

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Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 37

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Regulations [Subsidiary]

L.R.O.

SCHEDULE

FORM 1

THE AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS TENURE ACT (CH. 59:53)

FORM OF TENANCY INSTRUMENT REQUIRED BY
SECTION 5(1) OF THE ACT

REPUBLIC OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

AN AGREEMENT made this ....................... day of .......................... in the
year of our Lord Two Thousand and .................. between ..................................
of ......................... (hereinafter called “the Landlord”) of the one part and
.......................... of ....................................... (hereinafter called “the Tenant”)
of the other part.

WHEREBY the Landlord agrees to let and the Tenant to take subject to the
following terms and conditions ALL that parcel of land situated in the Ward of
.......................................................... in Trinidad and Tobago, the particulars
whereof are set out in the Schedule hereto (hereinafter called “the Holding”).

1. (a) The rent payable under this Agreement shall be the sum of $........

(b) The said rent of $ .............. shall be paid by the Tenant at ............

(c) The purpose of the tenancy created herein shall be to permit the
Tenant to cultivate (or farm),
.......................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................
.......................................................................................................

(d) The tenancy shall commence on the ................... day of ...............
20....., and shall be for a term of ............ years, unless determined
in the manner provided by sections 37, 38 and 43 of the Agricultural
Small Holdings Tenure Act.

2. Statutory Conditions:

(1) The rental payable under this contract shall be paid annually by
the Tenant not later than the 31st December in each year of the term of
the contract.

(2) The Landlord undertakes and agrees to issue to the Tenant a
receipt in writing for the payment of rent by or on behalf of the Tenant,
and the receipt shall be in such form as may be prescribed under the
Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Act.

Regulation 2.

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

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(3) The Landlord undertakes and agrees not to evict or attempt to
evict the Tenant or to give the Tenant notice to quit or otherwise to
terminate or attempt to terminate the contract except as permitted and
authorised by the Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Act.

(4) The Tenant undertakes and agrees not to terminate or attempt to
terminate the tenancy except as permitted and authorised by the
Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Act.

(5) Cane Land: (In the case of all other holdings delete)

The Landlord undertakes and agrees that the Tenant may not use more
than one-fifth of the total area of the small holding for the purpose of
growing food crops of the Tenant.

3. The Tenant agrees to observe the following stipulations:
(a) The Tenant shall farm, manage, cultivate and maintain the holding

in a good husbandlike manner and in accordance with the practice
of good husbandry as contemplated by section 9 of the
Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Act.

(b) The Tenant shall allow the Landlord or any person authorised by
him at all reasonable times to enter the holding or any part of
it for the purpose of making an inspection thereof that may
reasonably be required for the purposes of the Agricultural Small
Holdings Tenure Act.

(c) The Tenant shall not assign, sublet, or part with possession of the
holding or any part thereof without the consent of the Landlord
previously obtained in writing.

(d) The Tenant shall not convert the whole or any part of the holding
to any use other than that set out in clause 1(c) herein without the
consent of the Landlord first obtained in writing.

(e) The Tenant shall not permit or suffer any waste or spoil of any
part of the holding nor use the holding so as to cause nuisance or
annoyance to neighbouring occupiers.

SCHEDULE

ALL that parcel of land comprising ..................................................... Acres,
...................................... Roods, and ................... Perches, situated in the Ward
of .................................................... and bounded on the N ...............................,
S .................................... E ..................................... and W ................................

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the parties hereto have hereunto subscribed their
names the day and the year first hereinbefore written.

SIGNED by the within named
......................................................
and the within named

...................................................... ............................................................
in the presence of me, Justice of the Peace

38 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

[Subsidiary] Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Regulations

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS www.legalaffairs.gov.tt

Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 39

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Regulations [Subsidiary]

L.R.O.

REPUBLIC OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO.

FORM 2

THE AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS TENURE ACT (CH. 59:53)

FORM OF RECEIPT FOR PAYMENT OF RENT
REQUIRED BY SECTION 6(1) OF THE ACT

Received from/on behalf of* .............................................................................
(here insert name of tenant)

the sum of ..................................... dollars in respect of payment of the annual

rent of a small holding situated at .......................................................................

...............................................................................................................................
(here insert location of small holding)

in the agricultural district of ................................................................................
(here insert agricultural district)

Dated this ............ day of .......................................... 20......

.........................................................
Landlord

*Delete whichever is inapplicable.

Regulation 3.

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

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FORM 3

THE AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS TENURE ACT (CH. 59:53)

APPLICATION FOR FIXING MAXIMUM RENT OF
SMALL HOLDING—SECTION 22(1) OF THE ACT

To the Secretary of the Agricultural Tribunal for the agricultural district of

............................................................................................................................
(here insert agricultural district)

I/We* .................................................. of ........................................................
(here insert name of applicant) (insert address of applicant)

landlord*/tenant* of a small holding situated at .................................................

............................................................................................................................
(here insert location of small holding)

in the agricultural district of ...............................................................................
(here insert agricultural district)

hereby apply to the agricultural tribunal of the said agricultural district to have
the maximum rent of the said small holding assessed, fixed and certified.

Dated this .................... day of ........................................... 20......

.............................................................................
Signature of applicant

*Delete whichever is inapplicable

Regulation 4.

40 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

[Subsidiary] Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Regulations

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

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Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 41

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Regulations [Subsidiary]

L.R.O.

Regulation 5.FORM 4

THE AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS TENURE ACT (CH. 59:53)

NOTICE OF HEARING OF APPLICATION FOR FIXING
MAXIMUM RENT OF A SMALL HOLDING—

SECTION 22(2) OF THE ACT

To .....................................................................................................................
(here insert name of tenant)

and ......................................................................................................................
(here insert name of landlord)

TAKE NOTICE that the ............. day of ................................................. 20......,

at the hour of .................................. in the .................. noon has been fixed by

the Agricultural Tribunal of the agricultural district of .......................................

......................................................... for the hearing of an application made by
(here insert agricultural district)

........................................................ for the assessment, fixing and certification
(here insert name of applicant)

of the maximum rent of a small holding situated at ...........................................

............................................... of which the said applicant is landlord*/tenant*.
(here insert location of small holding)

Dated this ............ day of ......................................., 20......

.....................................................................
Secretary,

Agricultural Tribunal for the
agricultural district of

....................................................................
(here insert agricultural district)

*Delete whichever is inapplicable.

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

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Regulation 6. FORM 5

THE AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS TENURE ACT (CH. 59:53)

NOTICE OF INTENTION TO INSPECT A SMALL
HOLDING—SECTION 30(2) OF THE ACT

To .....................................................................................................................
(here insert name of landlord)

of ........................................................................................................................
(here insert address of landlord)

TAKE NOTICE that Agricultural Tribunal for the agricultural district of

............................................................................................................................
(here insert agricultural district)

intends to inspect on the ............... day of ............................. at ............ o’clock

in the ............ noon the small holding situated at ..............................................
(here insert location of small holding)

of which you are landlord and ....................................................... is the tenant.
(here insert name of tenant)

Dated this .................. day of ......................................... 20......

.....................................................................
Secretary,

Agricultural Tribunal for the
agricultural district of

....................................................................
(here insert agricultural district)

42 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

[Subsidiary] Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Regulations

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

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Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 43

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Regulations [Subsidiary]

L.R.O.

Regulation 7.FORM 6

THE AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS TENURE ACT (CH. 59:53)

CERTIFICATE OF MAXIMUM RENT OF A SMALL
HOLDING—SECTION 33 OF THE ACT

This is to certify that on the application of .......................................................
and upon investigation of the said application, the Agricultural Tribunal for the

agricultural district of ............................................................... has ascertained,
(here insert agricultural district)

assessed and fixed the maximum rent of the small holding situated at ...............

............................................................................................................................
(here insert location of small holding)

of which .................................................................................. is the tenant and

....................................................................................................... is landlord at

..................................................... per ................................................................
(here insert rent) (here insert period)

This certificate is issued pursuant to section 33 of the Agricultural Small
Holdings Tenure Act.

.....................................................................
Chairman,

Agricultural Tribunal for the
agricultural district of

....................................................................
(here insert agricultural district)

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

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Regulation 8. FORM 7

THE AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS TENURE ACT (CH. 59:53)

NOTICE OF APPEAL—SECTION 36(2)(b) OF THE ACT

To the Chairman:

Agricultural Tribunal for the agricultural district of ........................................

............................................................................................................................
(here insert agricultural district)

TAKE NOTICE that I, ....................................................................................
(here insert name of appellant)

of ........................................................................................................................
(here insert address)

being dissatisfied with the decision of the Agricultural Tribunal for the

agricultural district of .........................................................................................
(here insert agricultural district)

in respect of the matter of ...................................................................................
(here insert nature of matter)

do hereby appeal against such decision on the following grounds:

(here insert grounds of appeal)

Dated this ............ day of .......................................... 20......

.........................................................
Signature of Appellant

44 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

[Subsidiary] Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Regulations

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS www.legalaffairs.gov.tt

Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 45

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Regulations [Subsidiary]

L.R.O.

Regulation 9.FORM 8

THE AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS TENURE ACT (CH. 59:53)

APPLICATION FOR POSSESSION OF A SMALL
HOLDING—SECTION 38 OF THE ACT

To the Agricultural Tribunal:

Agricultural District of .................................................................................
(here insert agricultural district)

I, .......................................................... of .........................................................
(name of landlord) (address of landlord)

landlord of a small holding situated at ................................................................
(here insert location of small holding)

in the above agricultural district of which ..........................................................
(here insert name of tenant)

of .................................................................... is the tenant, hereby apply to the
(here insert address of tenant)

Agricultural Tribunal for the said agricultural district for the possession of the
said small holding*/the ejectment of the said tenant from the said small
holding* on the following ground*/grounds*:

(here insert grounds)

Dated this ............ day of .......................................... 20......

.........................................................
Signature of Landlord

*Delete whichever is inapplicable.

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

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Regulation 10. FORM 9

THE AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS TENURE ACT (CH. 59:53)

APPLICATION FOR AN ORDER CONSENTING TO THE
SUBLETTING OF A SMALL HOLDING—

SECTION 45(1) OF THE ACT

I. ...................................................... of ............................................................
(here insert name of tenant) (here insert address of tenant)

having claimed that ............................................................................................
(here insert name of landlord)

of ............................................................................................ has unreasonably
(here insert address of landlord)

withheld consent to the subletting of a small holding situated at

............................................................................................................................
(here insert location of small holding)

in the agricultural district of ...............................................................................
(here insert name of agricultural district)

of which I am the tenant, hereby apply to the Agricultural Tribunal of the
said agricultural district for an order consenting to the subletting of the said
small holding.

Dated this ............ day of .......................................... 20......

.........................................................
Signature of Applicant

46 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

[Subsidiary] Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Regulations

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

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Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Chap. 59:53 47

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure Regulations [Subsidiary]

L.R.O.

Regulation 11.FORM 10

THE AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS TENURE ACT (CH. 59:53)

NOTICE OF INTENTION TO ASSIGN A CONTRACT OF
TENANCY OF A SMALL HOLDING—

SECTION 47(1) OF THE ACT

To .................................................... of ............................................................
(here insert name of landlord) (here insert address of landlord)

landlord of the small holding situated at .............................................................
(here insert location of small holding)

TAKE NOTICE that, whereas ...........................................................................
(here insert name of landlord)

landlord of a small holding situated at ................................................................
(here insert location of small holding)

is*/appears* to be unwilling to give consent to the assignment of the contract of

tenancy in respect of the said small holding, I ....................................................
(here insert name of tenant)

intend to assign the contract of tenancy in respect of the said small holding to

............................................................................................................................
(here insert name of proposed assignee)

of ........................................................................................................................
(here insert address of proposed assignee)

Dated this ............ day of .......................................... 20......

.........................................................
Signature of Tenant

*Delete whichever is inapplicable.

cc. To the Secretary:

The Agricultural Tribunal of the agricultural district of ....................................

...............................................................................................................................
(here insert agricultural district)

UNOFFICIAL VERSION


UPDATED TO DECEMBER 31ST 2014

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48 Chap. 59:53 Agricultural Small Holdings Tenure

LAWS OF TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

[Subsidiary]

25/1986.

Citation.

Establishment
of tribunals.

Schedule.

AGRICULTURAL TRIBUNALS ORDER

made under section 12

1. This Order may be cited as the Agricultural
Tribunals Order.

2. The undermentioned tribunals are hereby established and
shall exercise their powers and duties within the boundaries
defined in the Schedule—

(a) Agricultural Tribunal—North;
(b) Agricultural Tribunal—South;
(c) Agricultural Tribunal—Tobago.

SCHEDULE

NORTH TRINIDAD— The Eastern Counties (St. David and St. Andrew),
the County of St. George, the County of Caroni.

SOUTH TRINIDAD— The County of Victoria, the County of Nariva, the
County of St. Patrick, the County of Mayaro.

TOBAGO— The Island of Tobago.

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