Criminal Law (Measures) Act


Published: 1991-11-11

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Criminal Law (Measures) Act
CRIMINAL LAW (MEASURES) [CH.101 – 1


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[Original Service 2001] STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

CRIMINAL LAW (MEASURES)
CHAPTER 101

CRIMINAL LAW (MEASURES)

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

PART I
PRELIMINARY


SECTION

1. Short title.
2. Interpretation.


PART II
CORPORAL PUNISHMENT


3. Power to impose corporal punishment.
4. General rules as to corporal punishment.
5. Number of strokes that may be awarded.
6. Corporal punishment on females prohibited.


PART III
SEARCH OF VEHICLES


7. Exercise of powers of search of vehicles at road checks.
8. Locality, and duration of search to be specified.
9. Member of public may request information.
10. Saving.
11. Reports of recorded searches.

FIRST SCHEDULE
SECOND SCHEDULE

CRIMINAL LAW (MEASURES) [CH.101 – 3


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[Original Service 2001] STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

CHAPTER 101

CRIMINAL LAW (MEASURES)
An Act to make provision for the re-introduction of that

form of corporal punishment which was of that description of
punishment that was lawful in The Bahamas immediately
before 10th July, 1973 as an additional punishment to be
inflicted upon certain offenders and to enhance the powers of
law enforcement officers.

[Assent 5th November, 1991]
[Commencement 11th November, 1991]

PART I
PRELIMINARY

1. This Act may be cited as the Criminal Law
(Measures) Act, 1991.

2. In this Act —
“child” means a person under the age of fourteen

years;
“court” means the Supreme Court, a Magistrate’s or

Juvenile Court presided over by a stipendiary
and circuit magistrate and includes any appellate
court exercising on appeal the powers of any
such lower court;

“gazetted police officer” means any police officer of
or above the rank of assistant superintendent;

serious offence” means any offence specified in the
Second Schedule and which the Governor-Gen-
eral may by Order amend;

“young person” means a person who has attained the
age of fourteen years and is under the age of
eighteen years.

12 of 1991

Short title.

Interpretation.

CH.101 – 4] CRIMINAL LAW (MEASURES)





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS [Original Service 2001]

PART II
CORPORAL PUNISHMENT

3. (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, any
offender on being convicted by a court of any of the
offences mentioned in the First Schedule may be ordered
by the court to undergo corporal punishment in addition to
any other punishment to which the offender is liable.

(2) Nothing in subsection (1) shall be construed as
having the effect of authorising the infliction of corporal
punishment for an offence mentioned in the First Schedule
committed prior to the coming into operation of this Act.

(3) The Governor-General may by Order amend the
First Schedule.

4. (1) Whenever an offender is sentenced to
undergo corporal punishment, such punishment shall be
inflicted privately either by flogging or whipping in
accordance with the provisions of this section.

(2) Flogging shall be administered with a cat or rod
of a pattern approved by the Governor-General and, when
with a cat, on the back of the offender and when with a rod,
on his buttocks, and in either case only after an
examination by and in the presence of a medical officer.

(3) A sentence of flogging shall be inflicted only on
a male adult, and which sentence shall be carried out in the
prison in New Providence.

(4) A child or young person shall not be sentenced
to flogging, but in lieu thereof he may be sentenced to be
whipped. Whipping shall be administered with a light cane
of a pattern approved by the Governor-General on the
buttocks, by or in the presence of a parent or guardian (if
he desires to be present) or by such other person as the
court may approve. In New Providence a sentence of
whipping shall be administered only after an examination
by and in the presence of a medical officer.

(5) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in
subsections (2) and (4) the type of instruments used in
The Bahamas prior to 10th July, 1973 for the purpose of
administering any sentence of corporal punishment shall
be deemed to be the respective instruments approved by
the Governor-General under those subsections until
otherwise notified by the Governor-General by notice in
the Gazette.

Power to impose
corporal
punishment.
First Schedule.

General rules as
to corporal
punishment.

CRIMINAL LAW (MEASURES) [CH.101 – 5


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[Original Service 2001] STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

5. (1) A sentence of corporal punishment shall
specify the number of strokes which shall be administered,
which in the case of flogging shall not exceed twenty-four
and in the case of whipping twelve, and shall specify
whether the prisoner shall receive the whole sentence at
one time or by instalments, and in the case of instalments,
the number of strokes at each instalment.

(2) The maximum number of strokes which may be
administered at any one time shall be twelve in the case of
a flogging and six in the case of a whipping and no person
who has been flogged or whipped shall be again flogged or
whipped within fourteen days.

(3) Every magistrate’s or juvenile court which
awards any sentence of corporal punishment shall as soon
as possible after the imposition of such sentence report the
fact to the Supreme Court.

6. No sentence of flogging or whipping shall be
passed upon a female of any age; but in lieu of such
sentence, where a female is convicted of an offence for
which corporal punishment may be inflicted on a male, the
court may sentence her to solitary confinement or to any
other such additional punishment as the law for the time
being permits to be inflicted on a female for an offence
against the rules of the prison in New Providence.

PART III
SEARCH OF VEHICLES

7. (1) This Part of this Act shall have effect in
relation to search of vehicles during the conduct of road
checks by police officers for the purpose of ascertaining
whether a vehicle is carrying —

(a) a person who has committed an offence;
(b) a person intending to commit an offence; or
(c) a person who is unlawfully at large.
(2) For the purposes of this Part a road check consists

of the exercise in a locality of the power conferred by
section 44 of the Police Act in such a way as to stop during
the period for which its exercise in that way in the locality
continues all vehicles or vehicles selected by any criterion.

Number of
strokes that may
be awarded.

Corporal
punishment on
females
prohibited.

Exercise of
powers of search
of vehicles at
road checks.

Ch. 205.

CH.101 – 6] CRIMINAL LAW (MEASURES)





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS [Original Service 2001]

(3) There may only be search of vehicles at a road
check pursuant to this Part if a gazetted police officer or
any police officer then in charge of a police station
authorises the search in writing.

(4) An officer may only authorise a search under
subsection (3) —

(a) for the purpose specified in subsections (1)(a)
and (b), if he has reasonable grounds —

(i) for believing that the offence is a serious
offence and;

(ii) for suspecting that the person is, or is
about to be, in the locality in which
vehicles would be stopped if the search
were authorised;

(b) for the purpose specified in subsection (1)(c), if
he had reasonable grounds for suspecting that
the person is, or is about to be in that locality.

8. (1) An officer giving an authorisation under section
7 shall specify —

(a) the locality in which vehicles are to be searched;
(b) a period, not exceeding seven days, during which

the search at road checks may continue; and
(c) may direct that during that period the search of

road checks —
(i) shall be continuous; or
(ii) shall be conducted at specified times.

(2) If it appears to a gazetted police officer that a
search of vehicles at a road check ought to continue
beyond the period for which it has been been authorised he
may, from time to time, in writing specify a further period,
not exceeding seven days, during which it may continue.

(3) Every written authorisation shall specify —
(a) the name of the officer giving it;
(b) the purpose of the search; and
(c) the locality in which the search of vehicles at a

road check is to be carried out.
(4) The duty to specify the purpose under subsection

(3) include the duty to specify any relevant serious offence.

Locality, and
duration of
search to be
specified.

CRIMINAL LAW (MEASURES) [CH.101 – 7


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[Original Service 2001] STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

9. Where a vehicle is stopped in a road check, the
person in charge of the vehicle at the time when it is
stopped shall be entitled to obtain thereafter a written
statement of the purpose of the road check if he applies for
such a statement not later than the end of the period of
twelve months from the day on which the vehicle was
stopped.

10. Nothing in this Part affects the exercise by police
officers of any power other than that sanctioned by this Part
to stop vehicles.

11. (1) The Minister responsible for National Security
shall lay before each House of Parliament an annual report
from the Commissioner of Police containing informa-
tion —

(a) about road checks carried out under section 44
of the Police Act during the period to which the
report relates; and

(b) about searches authorised under this Part during
that period.

(2) The information about searches shall not include
information about specific searches but shall include —

(a) the total number of searches in each month
during the period to which the report relates —

(i) for stolen articles;
(ii) for offensive weapons; and
(iii) for other prohibited articles;

(b) the total number of persons arrested in each such
month in consequence of searches of each of the
descriptions specified in paragraphs (a)(i) to (iii).

(3) The information about road checks shall include
information —

(a) about the reason for authorising each road
check; and

(b) about the result of each of them.

Member of
public may
request
information.

Saving.

Reports of
recorded
searches.

Ch. 205.

CH.101 – 8] CRIMINAL LAW (MEASURES)





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS [Original Service 2001]

FIRST SCHEDULE
1. Offences under the following sections of the Penal Code:

ss. 269 (causing wound); 270 (causing grievous harm); 276
(garrotting); 339(2) robbery being armed with an offensive
weapon); 340(4) – (7) (stealing in certain cases on second or
subsequent conviction); 362 (housebreaking); and 363
(burglary).

2. Offences under the following sections of the Sexual
Offences and Domestic Violence Act 1991:

ss. 6(1) (rape); 6(2) (attempt or assault with intent to commit
rape upon second or subsequent conviction); 10(1) (sexual
intercourse with person under fourteen years); 10(2)
(attempt to have sexual intercourse with person under
fourteen years on second or subsequent conviction); 12(1)
(unlawful sexual intercourse with a person suffering from a
mental disorder); 12(2) (attempt to have unlawful sexual
intercourse with a person suffering from a mental disorder
on second or subsequent conviction); 13(1)(a) (act of incest
by adult with a minor); 13(2)(a) (attempted act of incest by
adult with a minor on second or subsequent conviction);
14(1) (adult unlawful sexual intercourse with dependent
child); and 14(2) (adult attempted unlawful sexual inter-
course with dependent child on second or subsequent
conviction).

3. Offences under the following sections of the Firearms Act:
ss. 33 (possession of firearms with intent to injure); 34 (use
or possession of firearm or imitation firearm in certain
cases).

SECOND SCHEDULE (Sections 2 and 7(4))
1. Offences under the following sections of the Penal Code:

ss. 282 (kidnapping); 291 (murder); 293 (manslaughter);
323 and 324 (arson); 326-327 (use of explosive); 339
(robbery); 362 (housebreaking); 363 (burglary); 365
(possession of instrument for burglary); 389 (treason); 443
(resist or prevent the execution of the law); 444 (escape).

2. Offences under the following sections of the Sexual
Offences and Domestic Violence Act , 1991:

ss. 6 (rape); 10 to 14 (sexual intercourse with certain
persons); 17 (indecent assault); and 20 to 23 (detention of
persons with certain intent and abduction).

3. Offences under the Firearms Act.
4. Offences under the Explosives Act.
5. Offences under section 22 of the Dangerous Drugs Act.

Ch. 84.

Ch. 99.

Ch. 211.

Ch. 84.

Ch. 99.

Ch. 211.

Ch. 215.

Ch. 228.