Forestry Act 2010


Published: 2011-01-04

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EXTRAORDINARY

OFFICIAL GAZETTE
THE BAHAMAS
PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY

NASSAU 61h July, 2010 (A)

FORESTRY ACT, 2010

Arrangement of Sections

Section

PART I 3
PRELIMINARY 3

L. Short title and commencement. ............................................................................. 3
2. Interpretation ............................................................................ ............................. 3

PARTU 6
ADMINISTRATION 6

3. Establishment of a Forestry Unit.. ......................................................................... 6
4. Responsibilities of the Director of Forestry ........................................................... 6
5. National forest plan ............................................................................. ................... 8

PART Ill 8
FOREST RESERVES, PROTECTED FORESTS AND CONSERVATlON FORESTS 8

6. Declaration of a forest reserve ........................................ ....................................... 8
7. Declaration of protected forest. ............................................................................. 9
8. Declaration of a conservation forest. ..................................................................... 9
9. Forest Management Plans ...................................................................................... 9

PART IV 10

PROTECTED TREES 10

10. Declaration of protected trees ............................................................................. 1 0
11 . Permit required for harvesting of protected trees ................................................ I 0
12. Application for grant of permit to harvest protected trees ................................... IO
13. Grant of permit to harvest protected trees ............................................................ It
14. Suspension and revocation of permit ..................................... .............................. 11
15. Appeal from decision of Director of Forestry ...................................................... 12
16. Obligation of holder on termination of permit ..................................................... 12

PART V 13
LEASES, LICENCES AND PERMITS 13

17. Leases, Licences and permits ............................................................................... !)
18. Terms of leases, licences and permits .................................................................. l4
19. Validity of Leases, Licences and perrnits ............................................................. \4

PART VI 14
FORESTRY ON PRIVATE LAND 14

20. Assistance to owners of private lands .................................... .............................. 14
21. Harvesting of private forest land ......................................................................... 1 5

PART VII
POWER OF OFFICERS

15
15

22. Designation of authorized officers ...................................... ...................... .... ....... 15
23. Power of Arrest .................................................................................................... 15
24. Imniunity of authorized officers .......................................................................... 16
25. Power to prosecute offenders ............................................................................... 16
26 Power to inspect and seize ................................................................................... 16
27. Sale of perishable objects .................................................................................... 17

PART VIII 17
OFFENCES 17

28. Forest Offences .............. ............................................................... ....................... 17
29. Repeat Offenders ............................................... .............................. .................... IS
30. Limitation Act not to apply .................................................................................. IS
31. Obstruction of authorized officers ............................................ ........................... 18
32. Compensation ...................................................................................................... I 8
33. Compounding of0tfences ...................................................................... ............. l9

PARTJX 19
REGULATIONS 19

34. Power to make Regulations ................................................................................. 19
35. The Crown ........................................................................................................... 20
36. Repeals .............. ............... .................................................................... ...... .......... 20

No. 20 of2010

FORESTRY ACT, 2010

AN ACT TO PROVIDE THE CONSERVATION AND CONTROL OF
FORESTS AND FOR MATTERS RELATED THERETO

[Date of Assent - 1st July, 20 l 0]

Enacted by tbe Parliament of Tbe Bahamas

PART I

PRELIMINARY

1. Short title and commencement

(I) This Act may be cited as the Forestry Act, 20 I 0.

(2) This Act shall come into operation on such date as the Minister may
appoint by notice published in the Gazette.

2. Interpretation.

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-

"affirmatin resolution" means approval by a resolution of each House
of Parliament.

"artifact" means an object made by a human being, such as a tool or
ornament, especially one that has archaeological or cultural interest;

"agro-forestry" means a derberate intermixing of agricultural crops with
forest trees.

•·authorized officer" means a forest ofticcr or a police officer, or any
public officer designated by the Minister under the provisions of
section 22;

"conservation forest" means an area of land declared to be a
conservation forest by or under this Act.

Page - 3

Page- 4

"crown land'' includes all vacant land in The Bahamas vested in Her
Majesty as the property of the Crown for the beneficial interest of
The Bahamas, whether by forfeiture, escheat, purchase or
exchange;

"Director of Forestry" means the forest officer appointed to head the
Forestry Unit;

"forest" means any area consisting mainly of trees including forest cover,
all other vegetation, wetlands, soil and ground beneath it;

"forest industry" includes any activity involving the economic utilization
of forest produce;

"forest management plan" means a plan approved by the Minister under
the provisions of section 9;

"forest officer" means any forest officer appointed under the provisions
of section 3;

"forest produce" includes-

(a) timber, lumber, firewood, logs;

(b) any product of such timber, or any part thereof, including
charcoal, resin and gum, bark, extracts of bark fibres, leaves,
needles;

(c) any other vegetative growth, whether alive or dead, including
bromeliads, orchids, tops, sisal, grasses, materials extracted
from the forest for such use but not limited to handicraft and
artisanal production and such other plant species as the
Minister determines to be rare or endangered or in need of
management to prevent plant species from becoming
endangered;

(d) any plant material used for medicinal purposes; and

(e) Soil, humus, rock, limestone, or any such products of forest
sites as the Minister may from time to time declare to be
forest produce;

"forest reserve" means an area of land declared to be a forest reserve by
or under this Act to be managed as a permanent forest estate for the
sustained yield of timber and other forest produce;

urorestry" means the science and art of making the best permanent use of
the forest; thus ensuring its most productive and sustainable use;

"growing stock" means standing trees under silvicultural management,
and making up a forest;

"harvesting" in relation to a protected tree, means cutting down,
uprooting, destroying or taking the protected tree;

"invasive species" means alien species that become established in a new
environment, then proliferate and spread in ways that are
destructive to native ecosystems, human health, and ultimately
human welfare which includes but not limited to, wild hogs, feral
cats, raccoons;

''large-scale operations'' means the harvesting of forestry produce and
non-timber forest produce from forest areas in excess of one
thousand acres;

"lease" means a lease issued under the provisions of section J 7 ( 1) (a);
uucence" means a licence issued under the provision of se