Supreme Court (Criminal Case Management) Rules 2012

Link to law: http://laws.bahamas.gov.bs/cms/images/LEGISLATION/SUBORDINATE/2012/2012-0058/SupremeCourtCriminalCaseManagementRules2012_1.pdf
Published: 2012-04-20

EXTRAORDINARY

OFFICIAL GAZETTE
THE BAHAMAS
PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY

NASSAU 20'h April, 2012

T
SUPREME COURT (CRIMINAL CASE

MANAGEMENT) RULES, 2012

Arrangement of Rules

Rule
I. Citation .. ...... .......... ............ .... ... ... ....................... .... .............. ............ .............. .. ... ... 2
2. Interpretation ... ........ .......... .................. .. .. ...... .. .... ..... ...... .. .... ... .. .... .... ... ..... ..... .. ...... 2
3. Application ofRules .. ...... ... .. ........ .. ........ ... .... .. .............. ................. ............. ... ... .... 2
4. Purpose ofRules ... ................ ............... .... ............ ....... .... .............. ....... ..... ...... .. ..... 2
5. Arraignments ......... .... ........ .. ........ ... ...... ................. ... ... ..... ... .... ... ... .................. ...... 2
6. Status hearings .. ... .......................... ... ... ..... ... .......... ... ............. ................ ..... .... ....... 3
7. Duty of court ... .......... .. .......................... .... ...... ...... .......... .. ..... .. ........................... .. .3
8. Duty of the parties .... ....... .. ... ........ ... .. .. ...... ......................... .. .. ................................ 3
9. Designation of case progression officers ........................................................ .... .. .4
10. Duties of case progression officers .... .... .. ........... .... ........... .. ........ ............ ....... .. .... .4
11. Case management powers of the court .... .. .......................... .. .......................... .. .... 4
12. Application to vary a direction .. ....................... .... ............................................ .. .. .5
13. Agreement to vary a time limit fixed by a direction ........ .. .......... ......... ... .. ....... ..... S
14. Case preparation and progression .. .. ........ ...... .. ... ...... .. ... .. .................. .... ......... .. ..... 6
15. Readiness for trial. .. .. .. ........... ... ... ... ................ ........... ........... .... .. ... ..... ............. .... .. 6
16. Conduct of a trial. ...................................... .. .... .... ........ .. .................................. ...... 7
17. Record of directions .. ..... ......... ........... ............. ........ _.~ ...... ..... .. ................. ............... ?
18. Forrn ............ ....... ..... .. .... ...... ..... ......... ............. ..... ........... ..... .. ......... ... .. ................... 7

SCHEDULE 8

OFFICE OF THE ATTORNEY-GENERAL
AND MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS

S.I. No. 58 of2012

SUPREME COURT ACT

(CHAPTER 53)

SUPREME COURT (CRIMINAL CASE
' MANAGEMENT) RULES, 2012

In exerice of the powers conferred by sections 15 and 76 of the Supreme
Court Act, Ch. 53, the Rules Committee makes the following Rules-

1. Citation.

These Rules may be cited as the Supreme Court (Criminal Case Management)
Rules, 2012.

2. Interpretation.

In these Rules-

"court" means the Supreme Court;

"case" means criminal proceedings.

3. Application of Rules.

These Rules shall apply to the management of cases in the Supreme Court.

4. Purpose of Rules.

The purpose of these Rules are -

(a) to promote the active management of criminal cases; and

(b) to cause the disclosure and resolution of material issues prior to a
trial, so as to avoid delay and promote certainty.

5. Arraignments.

(I) Arraignments shall take place at least once a month before a judge
assigned by the Chief Justice.

(2) On arraignment, the court shall-

(a) assign the case to a trial judge for hearing;

(b) fix a date for the trial; and

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(c) fix a date for mention within three weeks of the arraignment date.

6. Status hearings.

( 1) At the date for mention, the trial judge shall fix a date within three months
for a directions hearing.

(2) At the directions hearing, the trial judge shall give directions, as
necessary, having regard to the duty of the court as outlined in rule 7 and
shall fix a date for a pre-trial review of the case, which date shall not be
less than six weeks before the trial date, to enable any outstanding
material issues to be addressed before trial.

7. Duty of court.

(I) The court shall actively manage each case before it by giving appropriate
directions at an early stage of the case as needs be.

(2) For the purposes of these Rules, "active case management" includes-

(a) the early identification of the material issues involved;

(b) the early identification of the needs of witnesses;

(c) achieving certainty as to what must be done, by whom, and when,
in particular by the early setting of a timetable for the progress of
the case;

(d) monitoring the progress of the case and compliance with directions;

(e) ensuring that evidence, whether disputed or not, is presented in the
most efficient and clear manner;

(f) discouraging delay, dealing with as many aspects of the case as
possible on the same occasion, and avoiding unnecessary hearings;

(g) encouraging cooperation among parties in the progression of a case;
and

(h) making use of the modern technology available.

(3) The court must actively manage the case by giving any direction
appropriate to the needs of that case as early as possible.

( 4) In fulfilment of its duty, the court shall conduct a directions hearing and a
pre-trial review hearing unless in the discretion of the court,
circumstances make such unnecessary.

8. Duty of the parties.

Each party to a case shall -

(a) actively assist the court in fulfilling its duty under rule 7, without or
if necessary, with directions; and

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(b) apply for directions, when necessary, for the further effective
management of the case.

9. Designation of case progression officers.

( l) At the initial directions hearing, each party shall, unless the court
otherwise directs -

(a) designate a person responsible for progressing the case; and

(b) inform the court and the other party of the name of the person
appointed under paragraph (a) and how that person may be
contacted.

(2) The court shall, in fulfilling its duty under rule 7, where appropriate -

(a) designate the court officer responsible for progressing the case; and

(b) ensure that the parties know who that person is and how that person
may be contacted.

(3) A person designated under this rule shall be referred to as a "case
progression officer".

10. Duties of case progression officers.

Every case progression officer shall-

(a) monitor compliance by the parties with directions given by the

(b)

(c)

(d)

(e)

court;

ensure that the court is kept informed of events that may affect the
progress of that case; ...

ensure that he can be contacted promptly about the case during
normal business hours;

act promptly and reasonably in response to communications about
the case; and

appoint a substitute to fulfil his duties and keep him informed of the
progress of the other case progression officers, where he is
unavailable.

11. Case management powers of the court.

(l) The court may, in fulfilling its duty under rule 7, duly give any direction
to actively manage a case and in particular, may -

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(a) give directions on its own initiative or on application by a party;

(b) ask or allow a party to propose directions;

(c) for the purpose of giving directions, receive applications and
representations by letter, by telephone or by any other means of

electronic communication, and conduct a hearing by such means,
provided that in cases where applications are received and
directions given by telephone, the party making the application
shall, within forty-eight hours of the giving of such directions,
submit for the approval of the judge who considered the
application, or the Registrar, confirmation in writing of the
application as well as the directions given;

(d) give directions without a hearing;

(e) fix, postpone, bring forward, extend or cancel a hearing;

(f) shorten or extend (even after it has expired) a time limit fixed by
any direction;

(g) require that issues in the case should be determined separately, and
decide in what order they will be determined; and

(h) specify the consequences, if any, of failing to comply with any
direction.

(2) Any power to give directions under this Part includes a power to vary or
revoke those directions, or any one of them.

(3) If a party fails to comply with a rule or a direction, the court may, after
explanation by the party -

(a) fix, postpone, bring forward, extend, cancel or adjourn a hearing;
and

(b) impose such other sanction as may be appropriate.

12. Application to vary a direction.

( 1) A party may apply to vary a direction, if -

(a) the direction given by the court was made without a hearing;

(b) the direction given by the court was made in the absence of the
party; or

(c) the circumstances in the case have changed.

(2) A party who applies to vary a direction must-

(a) apply as soon as practicable after becoming aware of the grounds
for doing so; and

(b) give notice to the other party as to the nature of the application.

13. Agreement to vary a time limit fixed by a direction.

(1) The parties to a case may agree to vary a time limit fixed by a direction,
provided that -

(a) the variation will not -

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(i) affect the date of any hearing that has been fixed; or

(ii) significantly affect the progress of the case in any other way;

(b) the court has not prohibited variation by agreement; and

(c) the case progression officer of the court is promptly informed.

(2) The court's case progression officer shall satisfy himself that paragraph
(1 )(a) is satisfied, failing which he must refer the agreement to the court.

14. Case preparation and progression.

(I) At" every hearing, if a case cannot be concluded there and then, the court
shall give directions so that it can be concluded at the next hearing or as
soon as possible thereafter.

(2) At every hearing, the court shall -

(a) if the defendant is absent, decide whether to proceed nonetheless;

(b) where no plea has been made, take the defendant's plea or enquire
whether the defendant maintains his plea, if a plea has been made;

(c) set, follow or revise a timetable for the progress of the case, which
may include a timetable for any hearing including the trial itself;

(d) in giving directions, ensure continuity in relation to the court and to
the parties' representatives where that is appropriate and
practicable.

15. Readiness for trial.

(1) This rule applies to a party's preparation for trial and for the purposes of
this rule and rule 16, "trial" includes any hearing at which evidence is
introduced.

(2) Pursuant to rule 8, each party shall-

(a) comply with directions given by the court;

(b) take every reasonable step to ensure that the party's witnesses will
attend when needed;

(c) make appropriate arrangements to present any written or other
material (such as skeleton arguments or written submissions); and

(d) promptly inform the court and the other parties of anything that
may-

(i) affect the date or duration of the trial; or

(ii) significantly affect the progress of the case in any other way.

(3) The court may require a party to give a certificate of readiness.

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16. Conduct of a trial.

In managing the conduct of a trial, the court shall establish with the active
assistance of the parties, what issues they intend to raise and may require a party
to identify -

(a) which witnesses, (if any) the party wants to give oral evidence;

(b)

(c)

the order in which that party wants those witnesses to give their
evidence;

whether the party requires an order compelling the attendance of a
witness;

(d) what arrangements are desirable to facilitate the giving of evidence
by a witness;

(e) what arrangements are desirable to facilitate the participation of any
other person, including the defendant;

(f) whether the party intends to introduce any written evidence;

(g) what other material, if any, the person intends to make available to
the court in the presentation of the case;

(h) whether the party intends to raise any point of law that could affect
the conduct of the trial; and

(i) what timetable the party proposes and expects to follow.

17. Record of directions.

The court shall make available to the parties a record of all directions given by
the court.

18. Form.

The form set out in the Schedule to these Rules shall be used for the purposes of
these Rules.

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SCHEDULE

(rule 18)

CRmflNALCASEMANAGEMOCNTHEAruNGFORMS

DEFENDANT'S QUESTIONNAIRE

OFFICE USE ONLY

Case No:

(This questionnaire is to be provided to the Defendant at his committal and completed by
the Defendant or his counsel prior to the arraignment and presented at the arraignment)

DEFENDANT:

Name:

First Middle Surname

Other Names (alias):

OtherName l Other Name 2 Other Name 3

DateofBirth: _____ ; _________ _

Day Month Year

Home Address:----------------------
Apt/House No. Street Name District and Island

REPRESENTED BY COUNSEL:

At Preliminary Enquiry For current Trial

[ ] Yes [ ] No [ ] Yes [ ] No

If no Counsel, do you desire assigned counsel?

[ ] Yes [ ] No

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COUNSEL AT PRELIMINARY INQUIRY:

First Middle Surname

COUNSEL FOR TRIAL:

First Middle Surname

(To be completed by counsel)

PROGRESSION OFFICER:

Name:

First Middle Surname

PLEA:

Plea to be offered (if known): Guilty [ ] Not Guilty [ ]

Is the defendant -

Fit to Plead: Yes [ ] No [ ]

Fit to stand trial? Yes [ ] No [ ]

Other [ ]

Further investigations for: _________ _______ _

ADVICE:

1. Has Defendant been advised of alternative pleas available for charge on
which to stand trial? [ ] Yes No [ ]

2. Has Defendant been advised of the traditional benefit of an early plea of
guilt? [ ] Yes No [ ]

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WITNESSES/ EXPERTS: For the Defence

Number to be called

Subpoenas required? Yes [ ] No[

Any outside jurisdiction? Yes [ ] No [

Expert eviQence to be relied on? Yes [ ] No[

Intend to challenge prosecution evidence? Yes [ ] No [ ]

For witnesses/experts outside jurisdiction, is any assistance needed from the
State to facilitate attendance of witnesses? Yes [ ] No [ ]

Specify [Ype{s) : ____________ _____ _

SPECIAL ISSUES/ARRANGMENTS:

Are there any issues that can be dealt with by consent or by service of notices
under the Evidence Act or other legislation? Yes [ ] No [ ]

Specify: - --------------------

Are there any special legal issues of admissibility or otherwise that are expected
to arise (voir dire, editing statements, etc.)? Yes [ ] No [ ]

Specify:--------------------

[If required] Provisions made for written submissions:

Submission deadline

Specify: _____ ______ _ __I __ I __

Day I Month I Year

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Any special arrangement(s) to be made for-

Young witnesses: Yes [ No[

Witnesses who are otherwise vulnerable: Yes [ No [

Indicate vulnerability: --------------------------------

Witnesses with disabilities [Itemize Here]? Yes [ ] No [ ]

Indicate disabilities: ----------------------------------

Any special arrangement(s) to be made for the Defendant? Yes [ No [ ]

STATEMENT OF DEFENCE:

(Jhis section is entirely optional and goes beyond the requirement to advise of an alibi.
No sanction can be applied if this section is not filled out.)

Briefly state what the defence is likely to be:

Has the Defendant, if he intends to rely on an alibi, provided the details of that
alibi to the court or the Attorney-General in accordance with the Alibi Notices?

Yes [ ] No [ ]

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PROSECUTION'S QUESTIONNARE

(This questionnaire is to be completed by the Prosecution before the arraignment and
presented at the arraignment)

Has the Prosecution made full disclosure of all matters being relied upon
(including expert witnesses)? Yes [ ] No [ ]

If no, what is outstanding? Full disclosure to be made when?

1.

2.

3.

COUNSEL FOR TRIAL:

First Middle

PROGRESSION OFFICER:

Name:

First Middle

WITNESSES/ EXPERTS:

Number to be called

Subpoenas required?

Any outside jurisdiction?

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_ _ I __ I __

Day I Month I Year

__ I __ I __

Day I Month I Year

__ I __ I __

Day I Month I Year

Surname

Surname

For the Prosecution

Yes [ ] No[

Yes [ ] No[

Expert evidence to be relied on? Yes [ ] No[

Intend to challenge Defence evidence, (if any)? Yes [ ] No [ ]

SPECIAL ISSUES/ARRANGMENTS:

Are there any issues that can be dealt with by consent or by service of notices
under the Evidence Act or other legislation? Yes [ ] No [ ]

Specify: - ---- - -------- ------ -

Are there any special legal issues of admissibility or otherwise that are expected
to arise (voir dire, editing statements, etc.)? Yes [ ] No [ ]

Specify:--------------------

[Jfrequiredj Provisions made for written submissions:

Submission deadline

Specify: --- - --------- __ ! __ ! __

Day I Month I Year

Any special arrangement(s) to be made for-

Young witnesses: Yes [ No [

Witnesses who are otherwise vulnerable: Yes [ No[

Indicate vulnerability:----------------

Witnesses with disabilities [Itemize Here]? Yes [ ] No [ ]

Indicate disabilities: _ _ _ ________ _____ _

Any special arrangement(s) to be made for the Defendant? Yes [ ] No [ ]

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FOR COMPLETION BY COURT

TRIAL TIMETABLE:

Date: __ ! __ 1 _ _

Day/Month/Year

Expected Length: __ Weeks __ Days

Any other special arrangements and/or considerations for trial:

Completed by: ---------

Date:----------- -

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Made this 20'h day of April, 2012.

Signed
MICHAEL BARNETT

Chairman
Rules Committee
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