Financial Institutions (Protection of Funds) Act

Link to law: http://www.gov.za/documents/financial-institutions-protection-funds-act
Published: 2001-11-23

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Financial Institutions (Protection of Funds) Act [No. 28 of 2001]


Government Gazette

REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA
Vol. 437 Cape Town 23 November 2001 No. 22857
THE PRESIDENCY
No. 1238 23 November 2001
It is hereby notified that the President has assented to the following Act, which is hereby published for general information:–
No. 28 of 2001: Financial Institutions (Protection of Funds) Act, 2001


2 No. 22857 GOVERNMENT GAZETTE, 23 NOVEMBER 2001
Act No. 28,2001 FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS (PROTECTION OF FUNDS) ACT, 2001
(English text signed by the President.) (Assented to 12 November 2001.)
ACT To provide for, and consolidate the laws relating to, the investment, safe custody and administration of funds and trust property by financial institutions; to enable the registrar to protect such funds and trust property; to repeal the Financial Institutions (Investment of Funds) Act, 1984 (Act No. 39 of 1984); to improve the enforcement powers of the registrar; and to provide for matters incidental thereto.
B E IT ENACTED by the Parliament of the Republic of South Africa, as fol~0ws:- INTRODUCTORY PROVISIONS
Definitions
1. In this Act, unlessthe context indica es otherwise- 5 “company” includes a close corporation referred to in the Close Corporations Act, 1984 (Act No. 69 of 1983); “financial institution’’ means-
(a) any person or institution referred to in the definition of ‘financial institution’ in section 1 of the Financial Services Board Act, 1990 (Act No. 97 of 1990);’ 10 or
1. In terms of section 1 of the Financial Services Board Act, 1990, a “financial institution” is defined as- ‘(a)(i) any pension fund organisation registered in terms of the Pension Funds Act, 1956 (Act No. 24
of 1956). or any person referred to in section 13B of that Act administering the investments of such a pension fund or the disposition of benefits provided for in the rules of such a pension fund;
(ii) any friendly society registered in terms of the Friendly Societies Act, 1956 (Act No. 25 of 1956), or any person in charge of the management of the affairs of such a society;
(iii) any ‘unit trust scheme’ as defined in section 1 of the Unit Trusts Control Act, 1981 (Act No. 54 of 1981), or any management company or trustee in relation to such a scheme;
(iv) any ‘scheme’ as defined in section 1 of the Participation Bonds Act, 1981 (Act No. 55 of 1981), or any manager or nominee company in relation to such a scheme;
(v) any ‘stock exchange’, ‘member’ or ‘stockbroker’ as defined in section 1 of the Stock Exchanges Control Act, 1985 (Act No. 1 of 1985), or any person referred to in section 4(1) of that Act managing investments as contemplated in that section;
(vi) any ‘financial exchange’, ‘member’ or ‘recognised clearing house’ as defined in section 1 of the Financial Markets Control Act, 1989 (Act No. 55 of 1989), or any person referred to in section 5( 1) of that Act managing investments as contemplated in that section;
(vii) any ‘registered insurer’ as defined in section l(1) of the Insurance Act, 1943 (Act No. 27 of 1943);
(viii) any agent, broker or other person contemplated in section 20bis of the Insurance Act, 1943; (ix) any person deemed, in terms of section 60 of the Insurance Act, 1943, to be carrying on
insurance business in the Republic; (x) any person rendering or who is to render services contemplated in section 23A(1) of the
Insurance Act, 1943; (xi) any ‘central securities depository’ or a ‘depositary institution’ as defined in section 1 of the
Safe Deposit of Securities Act, 1992 (Act No. 85 of 1992), or any member of such a securities depository;
(b) (i) a bank as defined in section 1 (1) of the Banks Act, 1990 (Act No. 94 of 1990), or a mutual bank as defined in section l(1) of the Mutual Banks Act, 1993 (Act No. 124 of 1993), which deals with trust property as a regular feature of its business; or
(ii) any other person who or which deals with trust property as a regular feature of his, her or its business, but who is not registered, licensed, recognised, approved or otherwise authorised to deal so in terms of any Act, other than the Companies Act, 1973 (Act No. 61 of 1973), the Close Corporations Act, 1984 (Act No. 69 of 1984), and the Trust Property Control Act, 1988 (Act No. 57 of 1988);’
.J
4 No. 22857 GOVERNMENT GAZETTE, 23 NOVEMBER 2001
Act No. 28,2001 FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS (PROTECTION OF FUNDS) ACT, 2001
(b) any medical scheme contemplated in section 1 of the Medical Schemes Act, 1998 (Act No. 131 of 1998);
“institution”, for the purposes of sections 5, 6, 9 and 10, means- (a) a financial institution; (b) any person, partnership, company or trust in which, or in the business of 5
which, a financial institution or an unregistered person has or had a direct or indirect interest;
(c) any person, partnership, company or trust which has or had a direct or indirect interest in a financial institution or unregistered person, or in the business of a financial institution or an unregistered person; 10
(d) a participating employer in a pension fund organisation; (e ) any person, partnership, Company or trust that controls, manages or
administers the affairs or part of the affairs of a financial institution or an unregistered person; or
( j ) any unregistered person; 15 “nominee company” means a company, controlled by a financial institution, which-
(a) is incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1973 (Act No. 61 of 1973);
(b) has as its principal object to act as nominee for, or representative of, any person in the holding of any property in trust for such person or persons; 20
(c) is precluded by its memorandum of association from incurring any liabilities other than those to the persons on whose behalf it holds assets, to the extent of their respective rights to, and interest in, such assets; and
(d) has entered into an irrevocable written agreement with a financial institution which controls the company, and in terms of which such financial institution 25 has undertaken to pay all the expenses of, and incidental to, its formation, operations and liquidation;
( 6 registrar” means- (a) the registrar as defined in any of the Acts referred to in paragraph (a) of the
definition of ‘financial institution’ in section 1 of the Financial Services Board 30 Act, 1990;
1990; or
Schemes Act, 1998; 35
(b) the executive officer defined in section 1 of the Financial Services’Board Act,
(c) the registrar of medical schemes referred to in section 1 of the Medical
I
6 No. 22857 GOVERNMENT GAZETTE, 23 NOVEMBER 2001
Act No. 28,2001 FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS (PROTECTION OF RTNDS) ACT, 2001
“trust property” means any corporeal or incorporeal, movable or immovable asset invested, held, kept in safe custody, controlled, administered or alienated by any person, partnership, company or trust for, or on behalf of, another person, partnership, company or trust, and such other person, partnership, company or trust is hereinafter referred to as the principal; 5 “unregistered person” means any person, partnership, company or trust not registered, approved or otherwise authorised by the registrar under a relevant law to carry on the business of a financial institution, but who or which carries on such business or a business corresponding to a business normally carried on by a financial institution.
CHAPTER 1 10
FUNDS AND TRUST PROPERTY HELD BY FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
Duties of persons dealing with funds of, and with trust property controlled by, financial institutions
2. A director, member, partner, official, employee or agent of a financial institution or of a nominee company who invests, holds, keeps in safe custody, controls, administers 15 or alienates any funds of the financial institution or any trust property-
(a) must, with regard to such funds, observe the utmost good faith and exercise proper care and diligence;
(b) must, with regard to the trust property and the terms of the instrument or agreement by which the trust or agency in question has been created, observe 20 the utmost good faith and exercise the care and diligence required of a trustee in the exercise or discharge of his or her powers and duties; and
(c] may not alienate, invest, pledge, hypothecate or otherwise encumber or make use of the funds or trust property or furnish any guarantee in a manner calculated to gain directly or indirectly any improper advantage for himself or 25 herself or for any other person to the prejudice of the financial institution or principal concerned.
Declaration of interest
3. (1) A director, member, partner, official, employee or agent of a financial institution or of a nominee company who takes part in a decision to invest any of the funds of the 30 financial institution or any trust property in a company or other undertakmg in which he or she has a direct or indirect financial interest, must declare that interest in writing to the board of management or other governing body of the financial institution or nominee company, indicating the nature and extent of such interest, before such decision is made.
(a ) the purchase of shares in a company, or of an interest in a close corporation or
(b) the granting of a secured or unsecured loan.
(2) For the purposes of subsection (l), ‘invest’ includes- 35
partnership;
(3) A declaration of interest made in terms of subsection (1) must be recorded in the minutes of the meeting of the board or governing body at which the declaration is made 40 or considered.
Investment of trust property
4. (1) A director, member, partner, official, employee or agent o fa financial institution which administers trust property under any instrument or agreement may not cause such trust property to be invested otherwise than in a manner directed in, or required by, such 45 instrument or agreement.
8 No. 22857 GOVERNMENT GAZETTE, 23 NOVEMBER 2001
Act No. 28,2001 FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS (PROTECTION OF FUNDS) ACT, 2001
(2) In the absence of a direction or requirement referred to in subsection (l), a director, member, partner, official, employee or agent of a financial institution may not cause any trust property to be invested otherwise than in the name of-
(a) the principal concerned; (b) the financial institution in its capacity as administrator, trustee, curator or 5
(c) a nominee company. agent; or
(3) (a ) Despite subsections (1) and (2)- (i) where the articles of association of a company prohibit the registration of its
shares or debentures in the name of- 10 (aa) a trust; (bb) a financial institution in its capacity as administrator, trustee or curator;
or (cc) any nominee; and
(ii) where such shares or debentures form part of trust property administered by a 15 financial institution,
those shares or debentures must be registered in the name of a director, member, partner or manager of that financial institution.
(b) The director, member, partner or manager must hold those shares or debentures in a fiduciary capacity on behalf of the principal concerned. 20
( c ) Prior to the registration of any shares or debentures in the name of a director, member, partner or manager as contemplated in paragraph (a), the financial institution concerned must f m i s h security to the satisfaction of the Master of the High Court, if such security has not already been furnished in terms of the Trust Property Control Act, 1988 (Act No. 57 of 1988). 25
(4) A financial institution must keep trust property separate from assets belonging to that institution, and must in its books of account clearly indicate the trust property as being property belonging to a specified principal.
(5 ) Despite anything to the contrary in any law or the common law, trust property invested, held, kept in safe custody, controlled or administered by a financial institution 30 or a nominee company under no circumstances forms part of the assets or funds of the financial institution or such nominee company.
(6) This section also applies in a case where a financial institution invests, holds, keeps in safe custody, controls, administers or alienates trust property under any instrument or agreement jointly with another person. 35
CHAPTER 2
ENFORCEMENT
Appointment of curator
5. (1) The registrar may, on good cause shown, apply to a division of the High Court having jurisdiction for the appointment of a curator to take control of, and to manage the 40 whole or any part of, the business of an institution.
( 2 ) Upon an application in terms of subsection (1) the court may- ( a ) provisionally appoint a curator to take control of, and to manage the whole or
any part of, the business of the institution on such conditions and for such a period as the court deems fit; and 45
(b) simultaneously grant a rule nisi calling upon the institution and other interested parties to show cause on a day mentioned in the rule why the appointment of the curator should not be confirmed.
(3) On application by the institution the court may anticipate the return day if not less than 48 hours’ notice of such application has been given to the registrar. 50
(4) If at the hearing pursuant to the rule nisi the court is satisfied that it is desirable to do so, it may confirm the appointment of the curator.
(5 ) The court may make an order with regard to- (a) the suspension of legal proceedings against the institution for the duration of
(6) the powers and duties of the curator; (c) the remuneration of a curator appointed provisionally under subsection (2)(a)
or finally under subsection (4);
the curatorship; 55
10 No. 22857 GOVERNMENT GAZETTE, 23 NOVEMBER 2001
Act No. 28,2001 FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS (PROTECTION OF FUNDS) ACT, 2001
(d) the costs relating to any application made by the registrar under subsection (1);
(e) the costs incurred by the registrar in respect of an inspection of the affairs of the institution concerned in terms of the Inspection of Financial Institutions Act, 1998 (Act No. 80 of 1998); or 5
If) any other matter which the court deems necessary. (6) The curator acts under the control of the registrar who made the application under
subsection (l), and may apply to that registrar for instructions with regard to any matter arising out of, or in connection with, the control and management of the business of the institution. 10
(7) The curator must furnish the registrar of the institution concerned with such information concerning the affairs of that institution as the registrar may require.
(8) (a) Any person, on good cause shown, may make application to the court to set aside or alter any decision made, or any action taken, by the curator or the registrar with regard to any matter arising out of, or in connection with, the control and management 15 of the business of an institution which has been placed under curatorship.
(b) A person who makes application contemplated in paragraph (a) must give notice of not less than 48 hours of such application to the registrar or the curator, as the case may be, and such registrar or curator is entitled to be heard at such application.
time. (9) The court may, on good cause shown, cancel the appointment of the curator at any 20
Powers of registrar
6. (1) The registrar may institute proceedings in the High Court having jurisdiction in order to-
(a) discharge any duty or responsibility imposed on the registrar in tems of any 25
(b ) compel any institution to comply with any law or to cease contravening a law; (c) compel any institution to comply with a lawful request, directive or
(d) obtain a declaratory order on any point of law relating to any law or to the 30
law;
instruction made, issued or given by the registrar under a law; or
business of an institution. (2) For the purpose of ensuring compliance with a law, or if the registrar has reason
to believe that an institution is contravening or failing to comply with, or has contravened or failed to comply with, any provision of a law, the registrar may-
(a) by notice direct that institution to- 35 (i) furnish the registrar within a specified period with any specified informa-
tion or documents in the possession or under the control of that institution and which relate to the matter of such contravention or failure;
(ii) appear before the registrar at a specified time and place for questioning by the registrar in connection with such matter; or 40
(iii) make arrangements to the satisfaction of the registrar for the discharge of all or any part of that institution’s obligations in terms of such law;
(6) if it appears that prejudice has occurred or might occur as a result of such contravention or failure to comply, apply to a court having jurisdiction for an order restraining such institution from continuing business or dealing with 45 trust property pending an application to court by the registrar as contemplated in section 5, or pending the exercising of such other legal remedy as may be available to the registrar.
(3) (a) If the registrar has reason to believe that a person has contravened a law, or has failed to comply with a request, directive or instruction made, issued or given by the 50 registrar under such law, the registrar may publish a statement to that effect in such manner as the registrar considers appropriate.
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Act No. 28,2001 RNANCJAL INSTITUTIONS (PROTECTION OF FUNDS) ACT, 2001
(6) Before publishing a statement, the registrar must give the person concerned a notice warning it of the proposed publication of such statement, the reason therefor and the proposed date of publication.
(c) The person concerned may before the proposed date of publication of the statement make representations to the registrar concerning the proposed action. 5
(d) If the registrar thereafter decides to publish the statement, the registrar must, without delay, give the person concerned a notice which sets out the terms of the statement to be published.
(4) In paragraphs (a), (b), (c) and (d) of subsection (l), in subsection (2) and in subsection (3) ‘law’ means this Act, the Inspection of Financial Institutions Act, 1998, 10 any other Act referred to in the definition of ‘financial institution’ in section 1 of the Financial Services Board Act, 1990, or the Medical Schemes Act, 1998, and includes any subordinate measure made under or in terms of any such Act.
(5 ) The registrar may take any reasonable steps, including the issue of an instruction to carry out an inspection in terms of the Inspection of Financial Institutions Act, 1998, 15 to ensure that an institution which is subject to an order of court made in terms of subsection (1) or (2) is complying with that order.
Declaration of certain practices as irregular or undesirable
7. (1) The registrar may, by notice in the Gazette, declare a specific practice or method of conducting business an ‘irregular or undesirable practice’ or an ‘undesirable method 20 of conducting business’ for a specific category or categories of financial institutions, or for all such institutions.
(2) The registrar may not issue a declaration referred to in subsection (1) unless the registrar-
(a) has invited interested persons to make written representations concerning the 25 intended declaration so as to reach him or her within 21 days before the proposed date of publication of that notice; and
(b) has consulted with any advisory committee or board established in respect of the supervision, regulation and.contro1 of the financial institutions concerned.
(3) A financial institution may not, on or after the date of the notice referred to in 30 subsection (l), carry on the relevant business practice or method of conducting business.
(4) The registrar may, by notice in the Gazette, direct a financial institution which carries on the relevant business practice or method of conducting busines on or after the date of the notice referred to in subsection (l), to rectify, repair or repay to the satisfaction of the registrar anything which was caused by, or arose out of, that business 35 practice or method of conducting business.
(5) A financial institution which is directed to rectify, repair or repay anything in terms of subsection (4), must do so within 60 days after the financial institution is so directed.
Restriction on powers of registrar
8. Despite any other provision of this Act, the registrar may not act under section 5, 40 6, or 7 in respect of a stock exchange, financial exchange, member or stock-broker referred to in paragraph (a)(v) and (vi) of the definition of ‘financial institution’ in section 1 of the Financial Services Board Act, 1990, unless the registrar-
(a) has consulted with the committee or executive committee of the stock
(b) is satisfied that no other adequate remedy is available. I exchange or financial exchange in question; and 45
Records and entries in books of account admissible in evidence
9. In any proceedings conducted in terms of this Act, the records and books of account of an institution, a nominee company or a trust administered by such institution are admissible as prima facie evidence of the matters, transactions and accounts recorded 50 therein, if supported by an affidavit by a person who alleges in that affidavit that person-
14 No. 22857 GOVERNMENT GAZETTE, 23 NOVEMBER 2001
Act No. 28,2001 FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS (PROTECTION OF FUNDS) ACT, 2001
(a ) (i) the person is a director, member, partner, official, employee or agent of such institution, nominee company or trust; or
(ii) the person is an inspector appointed under the Inspection of Financial Institutions Act, 1998 (Act No. 80 of 1998), section 11 or 12 of the South 5 African Reserve Bank Act, 1989 (Act No. 90 of 1989), section 6 of the Banks Act, 1990 (Act No. 94 of 1990), or section 4 of the Mutual Banks Act, 1993 (Act No. 124 of 1993); and
(b) such records or books of account are or have been the ordinary records and books of account of that institution, company or trust. 10
Offences
10. (1) A person who contravenes or fails to comply with any provision of this Act is guilty of an offence and on conviction liable to a fine or imprisonment for a period not exceeding 15 years.
order that such person- (2) A court may, in addition to any penalty it may impose in terms of subsection (l), 15
(a) pay the institution or principal concerned any profit he or she made; and (b) compensate the institution or principal concerned for any damage suffered, as a result of the contravention or failure.
(3) A court may, in addition to any penalty imposed in terms of subsection (1) and an 20 order made in terms of subsection (2), order that such person may not serve as a director, member, partner or manager of any financial institution for such period as the court may deem fit.
Repeal of laws
11. The laws mentioned in the Schedule are hereby repealed to the extent set out in the 25 third column of the Schedule, subject to the provisions of section 13.
Status of footnote
12. (1) The footnote in section 1 has been inserted for ease of reference to the definition of ‘financial institution’ in section 1 of the Financial Services Board Act, 1990 (Act No. 97 of 1990). 30
(2) The footnote is not part of this Act and does not have the force of law.
Transitional provision
13. Anything done or deemed to have been done under any provision of a law repealed by section 11 and which could be done under a provision of this Act, is deemed to have been done under the last-mentioned provision. 35
Short title
14. This Act is called the Financial Institutions (Protection of Funds) Act, 2001.
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Act No. 28,2001 FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS (PROTECTION OF FUNDS) ACT, 2001
SCHEDULE
LAWS REPEALED
Number and year of law
ment Act, 1988 Section 23 Financial Institutions Amend- Act No. 51 of 1988
ment Act, 1987 Sections 14, 15, 16 and 17 Financial Institutions Amend- Act No. 6 of 1987
ment of Funds) Act, 1984 The whole Financial Institutions (Invest- Act No. 39 of 1984 Extent of repeal Short title
Act No. 55 of 1989 Financial Markets Control Act, First item of Schedule
Act No. 83 of 1992 Financial Institutions Amend- Section 33
Act No. 104 of 1993 Financial Institutions Second Section 55
1989
ment Act, 1992
Amendment Act, 1993
ment Act, 1997 Act No. 22 of 1997 Sections 1, 2 and 3 Financial Institutions Amend-