Intergovernmental Relations Framework Act

Link to law: http://www.gov.za/documents/intergovernmental-relations-framework-act
Published: 2005-08-15

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Intergovernmental Relations Framework Act [No. 13 of 2005]


Government Gazette
REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA

Vol. 482 Cape Town 15 August 2005 No. 27898
THE PRESIDENCY No. 825 15 August 2005
It is hereby notified that the President has assented to the following Act, which is hereby published for general information:–
No. 13 of 2005: Intergovernmental Relations Framework Act, 2005


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Act No. 13,2005 INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS FRAMEWORK ACT, 2005
(English text signed by the President.) {Assented to 10 August 2005.)
ACT To establish a framework for the national government, provincial governments and local governments to promote and facilitate intergovernmental relations; to provide for mechanisms and procedures to facilitate the settlement of intergovern- mental disputes; and to provide for matters connected therewith.
PREAMBLE
WHEREAS government in the Republic is constituted as national, provincial and local spheres of government which are distinctive, interdependent and interrelated;
AND WHEREAS all spheres of government must provide effective, efficient, transparent, accountable and coherent government for the Republic to secure the well-being of the people and the progressive realisation of their constitutional rights;
AND WHEREAS one of the most pervasive challenges facing our country as a developmental state is the need for government to redress poverty, underdevelopment, marginalisation of people and communities and other legacies of apartheid and discrimination;
AND WHEREAS this challenge is best addressed through a concerted effort by government in all spheres to work together and to integrate as far as possible their actions in the provision of services, the alleviation of poverty and the development of our people and our country; .
AND WHEREAS co-operation and the integration of actions in government depends on a stable and effective system of governance for regulating the conduct of relations and the settlement of disputes between the national government, provincial govern- ments and local governments;
AND WHEREAS section 41(2) of the Constitution requires an Act of Parliament- (a) to establish or provide for structures and institutions to promote and facilitate
intergovernmental relations; and (b) to provide for appropriate mechanisms and procedures to facilitate the
settlement of intergovernmental disputes;
AND WHEREAS various Acts of Parliament already give expression to section 41(2) in some sectors of government;
AND WHEREAS it is necessary to establish a general legislative framework applicable to all spheres and in all sectors of government to ensure the conduct of intergovernmen- tal relations in the spirit of the Constitution;
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Act No. 13,2005 LNTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS FRAMEWORK ACT, 2005
E IT THEREFORE ENACTED by the Parliament of the Republic of South Africa, B as follows:- TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1
INTERPRETATION, APPLICATION AND OBJECT OF ACT 5
1. Interpretation 2. Application of Act 3. Conflicts with other legislation 4. Object of Act 5. Promoting object of Act
CHAPTER 2
INTERGOVERNMENTAL STRUCTURES
Part 1
President’s Co-ordinating Council
6 . Composition 7. Role 8. Meetings
9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.
16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23.
24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29.
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Part 2
National intergovernmental forums
Establishment Composition Role Reports and referrals to President’s Co-ordinating Council Referrals to Budget Council and Budget Forum Meetings Joint meetings
Part 3
Provincial intergovernmental forums
Establishment of Premier’s intergovernmental forum Composition of Premier’s intergovernmental forum Role of Premier’s intergovernmental forum Meetings of Premier’s intergovernmental forum Reports to President’s Co-ordinating Council Other provincial intergovernmental forums Interprovincial forums Role of interprovincial forums
Part 4
Municipal intergovernmental forums
Establishment of district intergovernmental forums Composition of district intergovernmental forums Role of district intergovernmental forums Meetings of district intergovernmental forums Intermunicipality forums Role of intermunicipality forums
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Act No. 13,2005 INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS FRAMEWORK ACT, 2005
Part 5
General
30. 31. 32. 33. 34.
35. 36. 37. 38.
39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45.
46. 47. 48.
Intergovernmental technical support structures Consultation with organised local government Status of intergovernmental structures Internal procedures of intergovernmental structures Standard draft internal rules
CHAPTER 3
CONDUCT OF INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS
Implementation protocols Provincial policies and legislation affecting local government Responsibility for co-ordinating intergovernmental relations of provinces Responsibility for co-ordinating intergovernmental relations of district munici- palities
CHAPTER 4
SETTLEMENT OF INTERGOVERNMENTAL DISPUTES
Application of Chapter Duty to avoid intergovernmental disputes Declaring disputes as formal intergovernmental disputes Consequences of declaring formal intergovernmental disputes Role of facilitator Assistance by Minister or MEC for local government Judicial proceedings
CHAPTER 5
MISCELLANEOUS
Reports to Parliament Regulations and guidelines Short title
CHAPTER 1
INTERPRETATION, APPLICATION AND OBJECT OF ACT
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Interpretation
1. (1) In this Act, unless the context indicates otherwise- “consultation” means a process whereby the views of another on a specific matter are solicited, either orally or in writing, and considered; “Council” means the President’s Co-ordinating Council established by section 6; 35 “district” means the area of jurisdiction of a district municipality; “government” means-
(b) a provincial government; or (c) a local government; 40 “implementation protocol” means an agreement between organs of state in terms of section 35; “intergovernmental dispute” means a dispute between different governments or between organs of state from different governments concerning a matter-
(a) the national-governmat; ~ - ___ ~ I
(a) arising from- 45
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Act No. 13,2005 INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS FRAMEWORK ACT, 2005
(i) a statutory power or function assigned to any of the parties; or (ii) an agreement between the parties regarding the implementation of a
statutory power or function; and (b) which is justiciable in a court of law,
“intergovernmental forum” means- (a) the President’s Co-ordinating Council; (b) a national intergovernmental forum established or regarded as having been
established in terms of section 9;
(d) any other provincial intergovernmental forum established in terms of section 21;
( e ) an interprovincial forum established in terms of section 22; (8 a district intergovernmental forum established by section 24; or (g) an intermunicipality forum established in terms of section 28; “intergovernmental relations” means relationships that arise between different governments or between organs of state from different governments in the conduct of their affairs; “intergovernmental structure” means-
(b) an intergovernmental technical support structure; “intergovernmental technical support structure” means a structure established in terms of section 30; “local government” means a municipality, and includes- (a) all municipal entities under the sole or shared control of the municipality 25
within the meaning of the Local Government: Municipal Finance Manage- ment Act, 2003 (Act No. 56 of 2003); and
(b) all organs of state in that municipality or such municipal entity; “mayor”, in respect of the different types of municipalities, means- (a) a mayor elected in terms of section 48 of the Local Government: Municipal 30
Structures Act, 1998 (Act No. 117 of 1998); (b) an executive mayor elected in terms of section 55 of the Local Government:
Municipal Structures Act, 1998; or (c) a speaker who is called a mayor in terms of section 36(5) of the Local
“MEC for local government” means the member of a provincial Executive Council who is responsible for local government matters in the province; “Minister” means the Cabinet member responsible for provincial and local government; “Minmec” means a standing intergovernmental body consisting of at least a 40 Cabinet member and members of the provincial Executive Councils responsible for functional areas similar to those of the Cabinet member; “municipal entity” has the meaning assigned to it in section 1 of the Municipal Systems Act, and includes any corporate body regarded as a municipal entity in terms of section 31(2) of the Local Government: Municipal Systems Amendment 45 Act, 2003 (Act No. 44 of 2003); “municipality”- (a) when referred to as a corporate body, means a municipality as described in
section 2 of the Municipal Systems Act; or (b) when referred to as a geographic area, means a municipal area determined in 50
terms of the Local Government: Municipal Demarcation Act, 1998 (Act No. 27 of 1998);
“municipal organ of state” means an organ of state in a municipality or a municipal entity;
and includes any dispute between the parties regarding a related matter; 5
(c) a Premier’s intergovernmental forum established by section 16; 10
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(a) an intergovernmental forum; or 20
Government: Municipal Structures Act, 1998; 35
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“Municipal Systems Act” means the Local Government: Municipal Systems Act, 2000 (Act No. 32 of 2000); “national government” means the national executive established by Chapter 5 of the Constitution, and includes all national organs of state; “national organ of state” means an organ of state in the national sphere of government; “organised local government”- (a) means the national organisation recognised by the Minister in terms of the
Organised Local Government Act, 1997 (Act No. 52 of 1997); or (b) in relation to a provincial intergovernmental forum, means a provincial
organisation recognised by the Minister in terms of that Act for the relevant province;
“organ of state” means an organ of state as defined in section 239 of the Constitution, excluding those listed in section 2(2); “provincial government” means the provincial executive established by Chapter 6 of the Constitution for each province, and includes all provincial organs of state in that province; “provincial organ of state” means an organ of state in the provincial sphere of government; “statutory function” means a function assigned by- (a) the Constitution or legislation; or (b) an agreement or other instrument emanating from the Constitution or
legislation; “statutory power” means a power conferred by- (a) the Constitution or legislation; or (b) an agreement or other instrument emanating from the Constitution or
legislation. (2) In this Act, a word or expression derived from a word or expression defined in
subsection (1) has a corresponding meaning unless the context indicates that another meaning is intended.
Application of Act
2. (1) This Act applies to- (a) the national government; (b) all provincial governments; and (c) all local governments.
(2) This Act does not apply to-
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Parliament; the provincial legislatures; the courts and judicial officers; any independent and impartial tribunal or forum contemplated in section 34 of the Constitution and any officer conducting proceedings in such a tribunal or forum; any institution established by Chapter 9 of the Constitution; any other constitutionally independent institution; and any public institution that does not fall within the national, provincial or local sphere of government.
(3) An organ of state may only participate in an intergovernmental structure contemplated in Chapter 2 if-
(a) it is specifically referred to in that Chapter; or (b) it is invited to participate.
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Conflicts with other legislation
3. (1) In the event of a conflict between a provision of this Act and a provision of another Act of Parliament regulating intergovernmental relations, the provision of that other Act prevails.
(2) In the event of a conflict between a provision of this Act and- 5 (a) provincial legislation, the conflict must be resolved in terms of section 146 of
the Constitution; (b) a municipal by-law, the provision of this Act prevails.
Object of Act
4. The object of this Act is to provide within the principle of co-operative government 10 set out in Chapter 3 of the Constitution a framework for the national government, provincial governments and local governments, and all organs of state within those governments, to facilitate co-ordination in the implementation of policy and legislation, including-
(a) coherent government; 15 (b) effective provision of services; (c) monitoring implementation of policy and legislation; and (d) realisation of national priorities.
Promoting object of Act
5. In conducting their affairs the national government, provincial governments and 20 local governments must seek to achieve the object of this Act, including by-
taking into account the circumstances, material interests and budgets of other governments and organs of state in other governments, when exercising their statutory powers or performing their statutory functions; consulting other affected organs of state in accordance with formal proce- 25 dures, as determined by any applicable legislation, or accepted convention or as agreed with them or, in the absence of formal procedures, consulting them in a manner best suited to the circumstances, including by way of- (i) direct contact; or
(ii) any relevant intergovernmental structures; 30 co-ordinating their actions when implementing policy or legislation affecting the material interests of other governments; avoiding unnecessary and wasteful duplication or jurisdictional contests; taking all reasonable steps to ensure that they have sufficient institutional
(i) to consult, to co-operate and to share information with other organs of state; and
(ii) to respond promptly to requests by other organs of state for consultation, co-operation and information sharing; and
participating- 40 (i) in intergovernmental structures of which they are members; and
(ii) in efforts to settle intergovernmental disputes.
capacity and effective procedures- 35
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Act No. 13,2005 INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS FRAMEWORK ACT, 2005
CHAPTER 2
INTERGOVERNMENTAL STRUCTURES
Part 1
President’s Co-ordinating Council
Composition 5
6. (1) There is a President’s Co-ordinating Council consisting of- (a) the President; (b) the Deputy President; (c ) the Minister in the Presidency;
( e ) the Cabinet member responsible for finance; (f3 the Cabinet member responsible for the public service; (g) the Premiers of the nine provinces; and (h) a municipal councillor designated by the national organisation representing
organised local government. 15
(d) the Minister; 10
(2) The President is the chairperson of the Council. (3) The President may invite any person not mentioned in subsection ( I ) to a meeting
of the Council.
Role
7. The Council is a consultative forum for the President- 20 (a) to raise matters of national interest with provincial governments and
organised local government and to hear their views on those matters; (b) to consult provincial governments and organised local government on-
(i) the implementation of national policy and legislation in provinces and municipalities; 25
(ii) the co-ordination and alignment of priorities, objectives and strategies across national, provincial and local governments; and
(iii) any other matters of strategic importance that affect the interests of other governments;
(c) to discuss performance in the provision of services in order to detect failures 30 and to initiate preventive or corrective action when necessary; and
(d) to consider- (i) reports from other intergovernmental forums on matters affecting the
national interest, including a report referred to in section 21; and (ii) other reports dealing with the performance of provinces and municipali- 35
ties.
Meetings
8. (1) The President- (a) convenes the meetings of the Council; and (b) determines the agenda for a meeting of the Council.
Minister in terms of a framework determined by the President.
services to the Council.
40 (2) Suggestions for inclusion in the agenda for a meeting may be submitted to the
(3) The Minister is responsible for providing administrative and other support
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Act No. 13,2005 INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS FRAMEWORK ACT, 2005
Part 2
National intergovernmental forums
Establishment
9. (1) Any Cabinet member may establish a national intergovernmental forum to promote and facilitate intergovernmental relations in the functional area for which that Cabinet member is responsible.
(2) Any Minmec which existed when this Act took effect must for the purposes of this Act be regarded as having been established in terms of subsection (l), except if such Minmec was established by another Act of Parliament.
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Composition 10
10. (1) A national intergovernmental forum established in terms of section 9(1) consists of-
(a ) the Cabinet member responsible for the functional area for which the forum is established;
(b) any Deputy Minister appointed for such functional area; 15 (c) the members of the Executive Councils of provinces who are responsible for
a similar functional area in their respective provinces; and (d) a municipal councillor designated by the national organisation representing
organised local government, but only if the functional area for which the forum is established includes a matter assigned to local government in terms 20 of Part B of Schedule 4 or Part B of Schedule 5 to the Constitution or in terms of national legislation.
(2) The relevant Cabinet member is the chairperson of the forum. (3) The relevant Cabinet member may invite any person not mentioned in subsection
(1) to a meeting of the forum. 25
Role
11. A national intergovernmental forum established in terms of section 9 is a consultative forum for the Cabinet member responsible for the functional area for which the forum is established-
(a) to raise matters of national interest within that functional area with provincial 30 governments and, if appropriate, organised local government and to hear their views on those matters;
(b) to consult provincial governments and, if appropriate, organised local government on- (i) the development of national policy and legislation relating to matters 35
affecting that functional area; (ii) the implementation of national policy and legislation with respect to that
functional area; (iii) the co-ordination and alignment within that functional area of-
(aa) strategic and performance plans; and (bb) priorities, objectives and strategies across national, provincial and
(iv) any other matters of strategic importance within the functional area that affect the interests of other governments; and
(c) to discuss performance in the provision of services in order to detect failures 45 and to initiate preventive or corrective action when necessary.
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local governments; and
Reports and referrals to President’s Co-ordinating Council
12. (1) A national intergovernmental forum established in terms of section 9 must report back to the President’s Co-ordinating Council on any matter referred to it by the Council. 50
(2) The Cabinet member responsible for the functional area for which a national intergovernmental forum is established may in consultation with the President refer any matter discussed in the forum to the Council.
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Act No. 13,2005 INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS FRAMEWORK ACT, 2005
Referrals to Budget Council and Budget Forum
13. The Cabinet member responsible for the functional area for which a national intergovernmental forum is established may in consultation with the Cabinet member responsible for finance refer any matter discussed in the forum to the Budget Council or the Budget Forum established in terms of the Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations Act, 1997 (Act No. 97 of 1997), if such matter has implications for the national budget.
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Meetings
14. (1) The Cabinet member responsible for the functional area for which a national intergovernmental forum is established-
(a) convenes the meetings of the forum; and 10 (b) determines the agenda for a meeting of the forum.
(2 ) Suggestions for inclusion in the agenda for a meeting may be submitted to the relevant Cabinet member in terms of a framework determined by that Cabinet member.
(3) The Department of the relevant Cabinet member is responsible for providing administrative and other support services to the forum. 15
Joint meetings
15. Two or more national intergovernmental forums established in terms of section 9 may meet jointly when necessary to discuss and consult on issues which are intersectoral in nature.
Part 3 20
Provincial intergovernmental forums
Establishment of Premier’s intergovernmental forum
16. There is a Premier’s intergovernmental forum to promote and facilitate intergovernmental relations between the province and local governments in the province. 25
Composition of Premier’s intergovernmental forum
17. (1) A Premier’s intergovernmental forum consists of- (a) the Premier of the province; (b) the member of the Executive Council of the province who is responsible for
local government in the province; (c) any other members of the Executive Council designated by the Premier; (d) the mayors of district and metropolitan municipalities in the province; (e) the administrator of any of those municipalities if the municipality is subject
to an intervention in terms of section 139 of the Constitution; and a municipal councillor designated by organised local government in the 35 province.
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(2 ) The Premier is the chairperson of the forum. (3) The Premier may invite any person not mentioned in subsection (1) to a meeting
of the forum.
Role of Premier’s intergovernmental forum 40
18. A Premier’s intergovernmental forum is a consultative forum for the Premier of a province and local governments in the province-
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Act No. 13,2005 INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS FRAMEWORK ACT, 2005
(a ) to discuss and consult on matters of mutual interest, including- the implementation in the province of national policy and legislation affecting local government interests; matters arising in the President’s Co-ordinating Council and other national intergovernmental forums affecting local government interests in the province; draft national policy and legislation relating to matters affecting local government interests in the province; the implementation of national policy and legislation with respect to such matters; the development of provincial policy and legislation relating to such matters; the implementation of provincial policy and legislation with respect to such matters; the co-ordination of provincial and municipal development planning to facilitate coherent planning in the province as a whole; the co-ordination and alignment of the strategic and performance plans and priorities, objectives and strategies of the provincial government and local governments in the province; and any other matters of strategic importance that affect the interests of local governments in the province; and
(b) to consider reports from- (i) other provincial intergovernmental forums on matters of mutual interest
to the province and local governments in the province; and (ii) district intergovernmental forums in the province.
Meetings of Premier’s intergovernmental forum
19. (1) The Premier of a province- (a) convenes the meetings of the Premier’s intergovernmental forum; and (b) determines the agenda for a meeting of the forum.
(2) Suggestions for inclusion in the agenda for a meeting may be submitted to the Premier in terms of a framework determined by the Premier.
(3) The Department of the Premier is responsible for providing administrative and other support services to the forum.
Reports to President’s Co-ordinating Council
20. A Premier’s intergovernmental forum- (a) must report at least annually to the President’s Co-ordinating Council on
progress with the implementation of national policy and legislation within the province; and
(b) may report to the Council on matters of national interest that have arisen in the forum.
Other provincial intergovernmental forums
21. (1) The Premier of a province may establish a provincial intergovernmental forum-
(a) for any specific functional area to promote and facilitate effective and efficient intergovernmental relations between the province and local governments in the province with respect to that functional area; or
(b) for any specific part in the province to promote and facilitate effective and efficient intergovernmental relations between the province and local govern- ments in that part.
(2) The composition and role of a provincial intergovernmental forum established in terms of subsection (1) must be determined by the Premier of the relevant province.
(3) Any provincial intergovernmental forum established for a purpose referred to in subsection (1) that existed when this Act took effect must for the purpose of this Act be regarded as having been established in terms of subsection (l), until disestablished by the Premier.
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Interprovincial forums
22. (1) The Premiers of two or more provinces may establish an interprovincial forum to promote and facilitate intergovernmental relations between those provinces.
(2) The composition, role and functioning of an interprovincial forum established in terms of subsection (1) must be determined by agreement between the participating provinces.
Role of interprovincial forums
23. An interprovincial forum is a consultative forum for the participating provinces to discuss and consult on matters of mutual interest, including-
(a) information sharing, best practice and capacity building; (b) co-operating on provincial developmental challenges affecting more than one
province; and (c) any other matter of strategic importance which affects the interests of the
participating provinces.
Part 4
Municipal intergovernmental forums
Establishment of district intergovernmental forums
24. There is a district intergovernmental forum to promote and facilitate intergovern- mental relations between the district municipality and the local municipalities in the district.
Composition of district intergovernmental forums
25. (1) A district intergovernmental forum consists of- (a) the mayor of the district municipality; (b) the mayors of the local municipalities in the district or, if a local municipality
does not have a mayor, a councillor designated by the municipality; and (c) the administrator of any of those municipalities if the municipality is subject
to an intervention in terms of section 139 of the Constitution. (2) The mayor of the district municipality or, if that municipality is subject to an
intervention, the administrator of the municipality is the chairperson of the forum. (3) The chairperson of the forum may invite any person not mentioned in subsection
(1) to a meeting of the forum.
Role of district intergovernmental forums
26. (1) The role of a district intergovernmental forum is to serve as a consultative forum for the district municipality and the local municipalities in the district to discuss and consult each other on matters of mutual interest, including-
(a) draft national and provincial policy and legislation relating to matters affecting local government interests in the district;
(b) the implementation of national and provincial policy and legislation with respect to such matters in the district;
(c) matters arising in the Premier’s intergovernmental forum affecting the district; (d) mutual support in terms of section 88 of the Local Government: Municipal
Structures Act, 1998 (Act No. 117 of 1998); (e ) the provision of services in the district; (fl coherent planning and development in the district; (g) the co-ordination and alignment of the strategic and performance plans and
priorities, objectives and strategies of the municipalities in the district; and
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(h) any other matters of strategic importance which affect the interests of the municipalities in the district.
(2) A district intergovernmental forum may refer a matter arising in the forum to- (a) the Premier’s intergovernmental forum; or (b) any other provincial intergovernmental forum established in terms of section
21.
Meetings of district intergovernmental forums
27. (1) The chairperson of the district intergovernmental forum- (a) convenes the meetings of the forum; and (b) determines the agenda for a meeting of the forum.
(2) Suggestions for inclusion in the agenda for a meeting may be submitted by local
(3) A majority of the local municipalities in a district may request the chairperson in
(a) to convene a meeting of the district intergovernmental forum at a time and place set out in the request; or
(b) to include in the agenda for a meeting any specific matter for discussion.
municipalities in the district to the chairperson.
writing-
(4) The chairperson of the district intergovernmental forum presides at meetings of the forum, but if that chairperson is absent from a meeting, the members present must elect another member to preside at the meeting.
(5) The forum must meet at least once per year with service providers and other role players concerned with development in the district to co-ordinate effective provision of services and planning in the district.
(6) The district municipality is responsible for providing administrative and other support services to the forum.
Intermunicipality forums
28. (1) Two or more municipalities may establish an intermunicipality forum to promote and facilitate intergovernmental relations between them.
(2) The composition, role and functioning of an intermunicipality forum established in terms of subsection (1) must be determined by agreement between the participating municipalities.
Role of intermunicipality forums
29. The role of an intermunicipality forum is to serve as a consultative forum for the participating municipalities to discuss and consult each other on matters of mutual interest, including-
(a) information sharing, best practice and capacity building; (b) co-operating on municipal developmental challenges affecting more than one
municipality; and (c) any other matter of strategic importance which affects the interests of the
participating municipalities.
Part 5
General
Intergovernmental technical support structures
30. (1) An intergovernmental forum may establish an intergovernmental technical
(2) An intergovernmental technical support structure- support structure if there is a need for formal technical support to the forum.
(a) must consist of officials representing the governments or organs of state participating in the intergovernmental forum which established the technical support structure; and
(b) may include any other persons who may assist in supporting the intergovern- mental forum.
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Consultation with organised local government
31. (1) Where there is an obligation in terms of this Act or any other legislation to consult organised local government on any matter, such consultation may be conducted through an appropriate intergovernmental structure.
(2) If organised local government is not represented in the intergovernmental structure in question, it is for purposes of subsection (1) entitled to participate through a representative with full speaking rights in such structure when the relevant matter is discussed.
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Status of intergovernmental structures
32. (1) An intergovernmental structure is a forum for intergovernmental consultation 10
(2) Although it is not an executive decision-making body, it may adopt resolutions or and discussion.
make recommendations in terms of agreed procedures.
Internal procedures of intergovernmental structures
33. (1) Every intergovernmental structure must adopt rules to govern its internal 15
(a) the name and terms of reference of the intergovernmental structure; (b) the functions of the chairperson; (c) procedures for the designation of a person to preside at a meeting in the
(d) procedures for the functioning of the intergovernmental structure; (e) the frequency of meetings and the manner in which meetings must be
convened; cf3 procedures for the adoption of resolutions or recommendations; (g) procedures for the settlement of intergovernmental disputes- 25
(i) between the parties; or (ii) that are referred to the intergovernmental structure for settlement; and
(h) procedures for the amendment of its internal rules.
procedures, including-
absence of the chairperson; 20
(2) The internal rules of an intergovernmental structure must be consistent with this Act and any other applicable legislation.
(3) A party participating in an intergovernmental structure, and any person representing that party, must adhere to the provisions of the internal rules of that structure. (4) Any intergovernmental body not established in terms of this Act must comply with
subsection (1) within one year unless an Act of Parliament in terms of which it was 35 established specifically regulates the rules of such intergovernmental body.
Standard draft internal rules
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34. (1) The Minister may, by notice in the Gazette- (a) issue standard draft internal rules for intergovernmental structures; and (b) when necessary amend any standard draft internal rules issued in terms of 40
paragraph (a). (2) Standard draft internal rules issued under subsection (1) apply to an intergovern-
mental structure only- (a) if such intergovernmental structure formally adopts the rules; and (b) to the extent and subject to the modifications and qualifications determined by 45
the intergovernmental structure.
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Act No. 13,2005 INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS FRAMEWORK ACT, 2005
CHAPTER 3
CONDUCT OF INTERGOVERNMENTAL RELATIONS
Implementation protocols
35. (1) Where the implementation of a policy, the exercise of a statutory power, the performance of a statutory function or the provision of a service depends on the participation of organs of state in different governments, those organs of state must co-ordinate their actions in such a manner as may be appropriate or required in the circumstances, and may do so by entering into an implementation protocol.
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(2) An implementation protocol must be considered when- (a) the implementation of the policy, the exercise of the statutory power, the 10
performance of the statutory function or the provision of the service has been identified as a national priority;
(b) an implementation protocol will materially assist the national government or a provincial government in complying with its constitutional obligations to support the local sphere of government or to build capacity in that sphere;
(c) an implementation protocol will materially assist the organs of state participating in the provision of a service in a specific area to co-ordinate their actions in that area; or
(d) an organ of state to which primary responsibility for the implementation of the policy, the exercise of the statutory power, the performance of the statutory 20 function or the provision of the service has been assigned lacks the necessary capacity.
(a) identify any challenges facing the implementation of the policy, the exercise of the statutory power, the performance of the statutory function or the 25 provision of the service and state how these challenges are to be addressed;
(b) describe the roles and responsibilities of each organ of state in implementing policy, exercising the statutory power, performing the statutory function or providing the service;
(c) give an outline of the priorities, aims and desired outcomes; (d) determine indicators to measure the effective implementation of the protocol; (e) provide for oversight mechanisms and procedures for monitoring the effective
implementation of the protocol; cf) determine the required and available resources to implement the protocol and
the resources to be contributed by each organ of state with respect to the roles 35 and responsibilities allocated to it;
(g) provide for dispute-settlement procedures and mechanisms should disputes arise in the implementation of the protocol;
(h) determine the duration of the protocol; and (i) include any other matters on which the parties may agree.
(a) consistent with any provisions of the Constitution or national legislation applicable to the relevant policy, power, function or service; and
(b) in writing and signed by the parties.
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(3) An implementation protocol must-
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( 5 ) Any organ of state may initiate the process for the conclusion of an 45
(6) The implementation of the protocol may be co-ordinated by an appropriate implementation protocol after consultation with the other affected organs of state.
intergovernmental forum.
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Provincial policies and legislation affecting local government
36. (1) When developing provincial policies or draft legislation affecting the local sphere of government in a province, the provincial government must-
(a) take into account national priorities; (b) take into account the interests of local communities in the province; and (c) consult the local sphere of government in the province and any specifically
affected municipalities. (2) Consultation in terms of subsection (1) must be appropriately focused and include
a consideration of the impact that such policy or legislation might have on the functional, institutional or financial integrity and coherence of government in the local 10 sphere of government in the province.
(3) Provincial intergovernmental forums established in terms of section 16 or 21 must, to the extent that it is practical, be utilised as forums for such consultation.
Responsibility for co-ordinating intergovernmental relations of provinces
5
37. The Premier of a province is responsible for ensuring the co-ordination of 15 intergovernmental relations within the provincial government with-
(a) the national government; and (b) local governments in the province.
Responsibility for co-ordinating intergovernmental relations of district munici- palities 20
38. The mayor of a district municipality is responsible for ensuring the co-ordination of intergovernmental relations within the district municipality with local municipalities in the district.
CHAPTER 4
SETTLEMENT OF INTERGOVERNMENTAL DISPUTES 25
Application of Chapter
39. (1) This Chapter does not apply- (a) to the settlement of specific intergovernmental disputes in respect of which
other national legislation provides resolution mechanisms or procedures; or (b) to a dispute concerning an intervention in terms of section 100 or 139 of the 30
Constitution.
Duty to avoid intergovernmental disputes
40. (1) All organs of state must make every reasonable effort- (a) to avoid intergovernmental disputes when exercising their statutory powers or
(b) to settle intergovernmental disputes without resorting to judicial proceedings. (2) Any formal agreement between two or more organs of state in different
governments regulating the exercise of statutory powers or performance of statutory functions, including any implementation protocol or agency agreement, must include dispute-settlement mechanisms or procedures that are appropriate to the nature of the 40 agreement and the matters that are likely to become the subject of a dispute.
performing their statutory functions; and 35
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Declaring disputes as formal intergovernmental disputes
41. (1) An organ of state that is a party to an intergovernmental dispute with another government or organ of state may declare the dispute a formal intergovernmental dispute by notifying the other party of such declaration in writing.
(2) Before declaring a formal intergovernmental dispute the organ of state in question must, in good faith, make every reasonable effort to settle the dispute, including the initiation of direct negotiations with the other party or negotiations through an intermediary.
Consequences of declaring formal intergovernmental disputes
42. (1) Once a formal intergovernmental dispute has been declared, the parties to the dispute must promptly convene a meeting between themselves, or their representa- tives-
(a) to determine the nature of the dispute, including- (i) the precise issues that are in dispute; and
(ii) any material issues which are not in dispute; (b) to identify any mechanisms or procedures, other than judicial proceedings,
that are available to the parties to assist them in settling the dispute, including any mechanism or procedure provided for in legislation or any agreement between the parties;
(c) to agree on an appropriate mechanism or procedure to settle the dispute, subject to subsection (2); and
(d) to designate a person to act as facilitator. (2) Where a mechanism or procedure is specifically provided for in other legislation
or in an agreement between the parties, the parties must make every reasonable effort to settle the dispute in terms of such mechanism or procedure.
(3) If the parties to a dispute fail to convene a meeting in terms of subsection (1) the Minister may convene the meeting if-
(a) a national organ of state is involved in the dispute; (b) the dispute is between different provinces or provincial organs of state from
different provinces; or (c) the dispute is between organs of state from different governments that do not
fall under paragraph (a) or (b) of this subsection or subsection (4). (4) If the parties to a dispute in a province fail to convene a meeting in terms of
subsection (1) the MEC for local government in the province may convene the meeting if the dispute is-
(a) between a provincial organ of state and a local government or a municipal organ of state in the province; or
(b) between local governments or municipal organs of state from different local governments in the province.
(5) If the parties fail to attend a meeting convened by the Minister or MEC or to designate a facilitator referred to in subsection (l)(d), the Minister or MEC may designate a facilitator on behalf of the parties.
Role of facilitator
43. (1) A person designated as facilitator must- (a) assist the parties to settle the dispute in any manner necessary; and (b) submit to the Minister or the MEC for local government in the relevant
province- (i) an initial report concerning-
(aa) the nature of the dispute and the precise issues that are in dispute; (bb) the mechanism or procedure to be used to settle the dispute; and
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(cc) any other matter that may be prescribed by regulation in terms of
(ii) progress reports containing such information as may be prescribed by regulation in terms of section 47.
section 47; and
(2) A report referred to in subsection (l)(b) must be submitted to- (a) the Minister, if the report concerns a dispute referred to in section 42(3); or (b) the MEC, if the report concerns a dispute referred to in section 42(4).
(3) If a dispute referred to in subsection (2)(b) affects the national interest, the Minister may request the facilitator to submit a report to the Minister as well.
Assistance by Minister or MEC for local government
44. (1) A party to a formal intergovernmental dispute may request assistance in the settlement of the dispute from-
(a) the Minister, if it is a dispute referred to in section 42(3); or (b) the MEC for local government in the relevant province, if it is a dispute
referred to in section 42(4). (2) On receipt of a request in terms of subsection (1) the Minister or MEC may take
any appropriate steps to assist the parties in settling the dispute, including the designation of an official in the public service or other person to act as facilitator between the parties.
(3) A facilitator designated in terms of subsection (2) acts on the instructions of the Minister or MEC, as the case may be.
Judicial proceedings
45. (1) No government or organ of state may institute judicial proceedings in order to settle an intergovernmental dispute unless the dispute has been declared a formal intergovernmental dispute in terms of section 41 and all efforts to settle the dispute in terms of this Chapter were unsuccessful.
(2) All negotiations in terms of section 41, discussions in terms of section 42 and reports in terms of section 43 are privileged and may not be used in any judicial proceedings as evidence by or against any of the parties to an intergovernmental dispute.
CHAPTER 5
MISCELLANEOUS
Reports to Parliament
46. The Minister may, from time to time when necessary, table a report in both Houses of Parliament with regard t o -
(a) the general conduct of intergovernmental relations in the Republic; (b) the incidence and settlement of intergovernmental disputes; and (c) any other relevant matters.
Regulations and guidelines
47. (1) The Minister may, by notice in the Gazette, issue regulations or guidelines not inconsistent with this Act regarding-
(a) any matter that may be prescribed in terms of this Act; (b) a framework for co-ordinating and aligning development priorities and
objectives between the three spheres of government; (c) a framework for co-ordinating intergovernmental conduct and action affecting
municipal functions; (d) implementation protocols; (e ) indicators for monitoring and evaluating the implementation of this Act; and fl any other matter that may facilitate the administration of this Act.
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(2) A regulation or guideline in terms of this section may differentiate between
(a) municipalities, which may, for the purpose of this section, be defined either in relation to categories, types or budgetary size of municipalities or in any other determinable manner; 5
(bj functional areas; and (cj types of intergovernmental structures established under this Act.
different-
(3) No guidelines issued in terms of subsection (1) are binding on an organ of state in any sphere of government unless adopted by its executive authority.
(4) Before regulations or guidelines are issued in terms of subsection (l), the Minister 10 must-
(a) publish the draft regulations or guidelines in the Gazette for public comment; and
(bj engage in an appropriate consultative process with relevant organs of state on the substance of the regulations or guidelines. 15
Short title
48. This Act is called the Intergovernmental Relations Framework Act, 2005.