Metrology Act 2015

Link to law: http://www.palemene.ws/new/wp-content/uploads/01.Acts/Acts%202015/Metrology-Act-2015-Eng.pdf

Subscribe to a Global-Regulation Premium Membership Today!

Key Benefits:

Subscribe Now
rangement of Provisions

PART 1
PRELIMINARY

1. Short title and commencement 2. Interpretation

PART 2
UNITS OF MEASUREMENT

3. Legal units used for trade 4. Authorised units

PART 3
NATIONAL STANDARDS

5. Standards 6. Primary standards 7. Secondary standards 8. Working standards 9. Temporary standards 10. Custodian of standards

PART 4
SALE OF GOODS BY
WEIGHT, MEASURE
OR NUMBER

11. Obligation to sell by net weight or measure

12. Obligation to weigh or measure
13. Offence to supply short weight, measure or number
14. Packaged goods 15. Obligation to mark packages 16. Obligation to sell packaged
goods by weight or measure
17. Offences for false or incorrect declaration or statement
18. Court may order offender to make good any deficiency

PART 5
WEIGHING AND
MEASURING EQUIPMENT

Division 1 - Stamping, Verification
and Approval of Weights
and Measures

19. Requirements for equipment 20. Marking 21. Pattern approval 22. Verification 23. Refusal to produce equipment 24. Forgery 25. Counterfeiting



2 Metrology 2015, No. 11
Division 2 - Manufacture, Sale
and Repair of Equipment

26. Meaning of “a person” 27. Licence to manufacture, sell
or repair equipment
28. Offence for sale of unverified equipment

PART 6
ADMINISTRATION

29. Responsibilities and functions of the Ministry
30. Powers of the Chief Executive Officer
31. Appointment and termination of inspectors
32. Duties of inspectors 33. Authority to adjust, alter or
repair
34. Appointment of inspection agencies
35. Offences for inspectors
PART 7
MISCELLANEOUS

36. General penalty and forfeiture orders
37. Principal liable for offences by employees and agents
38. Evidence 39. Defences 40. Dispute settlement 41. Fees and forms 42. Regulations and amendment
of Schedules
43. Repeal, saving and transitional
Schedules


__________

2015, No. 11

AN ACT to provide for metric weights and measures, and for
related purposes. [27th
March 2015]

BE IT ENACTED by the Legislative Assembly of Samoa in
Parliament assembled as follows:

PART 1
PRELIMINARY

1. Short title and commencement-(1) This Act may be cited
as the Metrology Act 2015.
(2) This Act commences on a date or dates to be nominated by
the Minister.


2015, No. 11 Metrology 3

2. Interpretation - In this Act, unless the context otherwise
requires:
“approved fee” means fees determined under section 41;
“catch weight package” means a package that, because of the
nature of the goods within the package, cannot normally
be portioned to a predetermined quantity and is, as a
result, usually sold in varying quantities;
“Chief Executive Officer” means the Chief Executive Officer
of the Ministry;
“company” means a company incorporated under the
Companies Act 2001;
“Convention of the Metre” means the mutual recognition
agreement of the Bureau International des Poids et
Mesures for national measurement standards and for
calibration and measurement certificates issued by
national measurement institutes, and includes any
amendment to the agreement as agreed to by the
Government of Samoa;
“correct” in relation to a weight, measure, or weighing or
measuring instrument, means correct within the limits of
maximum error permitted by regulations for the weight,
measure, or weighing or measuring instrument;
“equipment” means a weight, measure, weighing or
measuring instrument or sub-assembly of a weighing or
measuring instrument;
“international system of units” or “SI” means the units that
belong to the international system of units, abbreviated as
« SI » and consists of base units and derived units
described in Schedule 1;
“initial verification” means the verification of a new or
repaired weight, measure or weighing or measuring
instrument prior to being placed in service;
“in-service verification” means the periodic verification of a
weight, measure or weighing or measuring instrument that
is in service;
“inspection agency” means an agency appointed by the
Minister pursuant to section 34;
“inspector” means an inspector of metrology appointed under
section 31;

4 Metrology 2015, No. 11

“licence” means a licence issued under section 27;
“licensee” means a person who has a valid licence;
“measure” means a vessel of determinate capacity for
determining the volume of a liquid or the length of a
graduated rod or line;
“measuring instrument” means an instrument used for the
measurement of length, area, volume, capacity or mass
(weight) or any instrument for the measurement of any
quantity;
“metrological traceability”, in relation to a measurement
result, means the result that can be related to a reference
through a documented unbroken chain of calibrations,
each contributing to the measurement uncertainty;
“metrology” means the science of measurements including
weights and measures;
“Minister” means the Minister responsible for this Act;
“Ministry” means the Ministry responsible for this Act;
“National Measurement Institute” means a National
Measurement Institute of a country that is a signatory to
the Convention of the Metre;
“primary standard”:
(a) means a standard provided in section 6; and
(b) includes a national standard metre, a national standard
kilogram or standard for any unit of measurement
declared as a national primary standard.
“secondary standard” means a standard for any unit of
measurement declared as a national secondary standard
under section 7;
“Organisation” or “OIML” means the International
Organisation of Legal Metrology recognised by the World
Trade Organisation as an international standardization
organisation;
“overseas weights and measures authority” means a weights
and measures authority of a country that is a full member
of the OIML;
“package” includes anything in or by which goods are cased,
covered, contained, or packed;


2015, No. 11 Metrology 5

“pattern approval” means pattern approval of equipment under
section 21;
“premises”, includes any building, factory, shop, store,
warehouse, shed, land, vehicle, vessel or aircraft;
“regulations” means regulations made under this Act;
“sell” includes to expose or offer for sale, purporting to sell, to
possess for purpose of sale, or to supply whether or not for
sale;
“standard” means a national primary standard, national
secondary standard, working standard or temporary
standard declared or procured under this Act;
“trade” means any contract, bargain, sale or dealing under
which any work, goods, wares, merchandise or other thing
is to be done, sold, hired, delivered, carried, measured,
computed, paid for or agreed to by a unit of measurement;
“temporary standard” means a standard for any unit of
measurement temporarily used as the national primary
standard under section 9;
“weight” means a body of determinate weight for use with a
weighing instrument;
“working standard” means a standard procured under section
8.

PART 2
UNITS OF MEASUREMENT

3. Legal units used for trade-(1) Subject to subsection (2),
the units of measurement in Samoa are the international system of
units in Schedule 1.
(2) The customary units of measurement in Part 2 of Schedule
2 may be legal units of measurement used for trade in Samoa for
one (1) year from the commencement of this Act.

4. Authorised units-(1) The international system of units in
Schedule 2 are the authorised units of measurement for trade.
(2) Subject to subsection (4) a person must:
(a) use the authorised units of measurement in the conduct
of trade;

6 Metrology 2015, No. 11

(b) use the authorised units of measurement in advertising,
displaying or exposing goods for sale.
(3) A person who contravenes subsection (2) commits an
offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding 30
penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three
(3) months, or both.
(4) This section does not apply to:
(a) trade in connection with the export of goods to, or the
importation of goods from, a country where a
system, other than the international system of
units, is used; and
(b) the weighing or measuring of goods or any other action
in connection with the export of goods to, or the
importation of goods from, a country where a
system other than the international system of units
is used;
(c) the advertisement, display or exposure for sale by retail
or on the package of any such goods if -
(i) the goods are imported; or
(ii) the goods are part of a line of goods
intended for sale by retail in another country,
where the goods are required by the law of that
country or a contract relating to import, to be
marked according to a system other than the
international system of units.

PART 3
NATIONAL STANDARDS

5. Standards-(1) The Chief Executive Officer must provide
national standards for a unit of measurement the Chief Executive
Officer considers necessary for the purposes of this Act.
(2) The Chief Executive Officer must procure, maintain or
recognise standards as a:
(a) primary standard; or
(b) secondary standard; or
(c) working standard.

2015, No. 11 Metrology 7

(3) The Minister may by notice declare or revoke a standard in
accordance with regulations.
(4) The Chief Executive Officer must ensure that the
standards are verified as follows:
(a) primary standards - verification and authentication at a
National Measurement Institute at least once every
10 years;
(b) secondary standards - verified as true and correct at
least once every five (5) years, in comparison with
the primary standard;
(c) working standards - verified as true and correct at least
once every two (2) years.
(5) If a standard is damaged, the standard must be re-verified
in accordance with the methods of comparison determined by the
Chief Executive Officer.
(6) The Chief Executive Officer may make a determination on
the following:
(a) the nature, form, material, and derivation or
specification of a standard;
(b) the markings to verify that a standard complies with
this Act;
(c) the methods of comparison and certification of copies
of primary standards and secondary standards
derived from primary standards;
(d) the method of comparison of a working standard with
an appropriate level standard of that unit of
measurement which has metrological traceability
to the primary standard.

6. Primary standards - A standard may be a primary
standard if it is:
(a) a national standard of another country that is a
signatory to the Convention of the Metre; or
(b) equivalent to a unit of measurement defined in
Schedule 1 or any multiple or sub-multiple of the
unit of measurement, and is to be made of
materials and in a manner as to be, as far as
practicable, proof against mechanical and
atmospheric agents and other sources of error.

8 Metrology 2015, No. 11

7. Secondary standards - A standard may be a secondary
standard if it is one of the denominations set out in Schedule 3.

8. Working standards - A standard may be a working
standard if it is one of a denomination specified in Schedule 3.

9. Temporary standards-(1) The Minister may, in the
absence of a primary standard, declare the secondary standard of
that unit of measurement as the temporary primary standard.
(2) A temporary standard may only be used for the purposes
of this Act if it is verified and authenticated as the Chief
Executive Officer may direct and placed in the custody of the
custodian of standards.

10. Custodian of standards-(1) The Chief Executive Officer
is the custodian of standards.
(2) The Chief Executive Officer may assign custody of a
standard to an officer of the Ministry, an inspector or an
authorised agency.
(3) A custodian of standards must keep and preserve each
standard in their custody.

PART 4
SALE OF GOODS BY WEIGHT,
MEASURE OR NUMBER

11. Obligation to sell by net weight or measure-(1) A
person who sells goods by weight or measure must sell the goods
by net weight or measure.
(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an
offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding 60
penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six (6)
months, or both.

12. Obligation to weigh or measure-(1) A person who sells
goods by weight or measure, and on demand made by the person
to whom the goods are to be delivered, must weigh or measure the
goods in the presence of that person.
(2) This section does not apply to packaged goods.

2015, No. 11 Metrology 9

(3) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an
offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding
60 penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six
(6) months, or both.

13. Offence to supply short weight, measure or number-
(1) If a person sells any goods by weight or measure or numbers,
the person must supply to the buyer the quantity that corresponds
with the price charged for the goods.
(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an
offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding
60 penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six
(6) months, or both.

14. Packaged goods - The tests and limits of error to be
applied to a package, other than a catch weight package, bearing a
statement of the net weight or measure of the goods in that
package are to be prescribed by regulation.

15. Obligation to mark packages-(1) A person who sells
goods by package must mark the product or package by net
weight or net measure using the authorised units of measurement
and as prescribed by regulations.
(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an
offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding 60
penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding
six (6) months, or both.

16. Obligation to sell packaged goods by weight or
measure - A person who sells goods by package, other than a
catch weight package, by weight or by measure that does not
comply with the tests and limits of error specified in regulations
commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not
exceeding 60 penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not
exceeding six (6) months, or both.

17. Offences for false or incorrect declaration or
statement - A person who makes any false or incorrect
declaration or statement as to the number, quantity, measure,

10 Metrology 2015, No. 11

gauge or weight of any goods or things in connection with their
purchase, sale, weighing or measurement, or in the computation
of any charges for services rendered on the basis of weight or
measure commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine
not exceeding 60 penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not
exceeding six (6) months, or both.
18. Court may order offender to make good any deficiency
- The Court may order a person convicted of an offence under
section 13 or 16 to make good to the person in respect of whom
the offence was committed (other than an Inspector), either in
goods or in money:
(a) the deficiency between the quantity of goods actually
delivered and that charged for or purported to be
sold; or
(b) the deficiency between the quantity of goods actually
delivered and that stated on the package or label
attached to the package.

PART 5
WEIGHING AND MEASURING EQUIPMENT

Division 1 - Stamping, Verification
and Approval of Weights and Measures

19. Requirements for equipment-(1) In this section, “a
person” means, a person who:
(a) owns weighing or measuring equipment for use in the
conduct of trade; or
(b) uses weighing or measuring equipment in the conduct
of trade; or
(c) both owns and uses weighing or measuring equipment
for and in the conduct of trade.
(2) Before any equipment is used a person must ensure that
the equipment is:
(a) in accordance with authorised units of measurement
specified in Schedule 2; and
(b) in accordance with denomination specified in Schedule
3; and

2015, No. 11 Metrology 11

(c) marked in accordance with section 20; and
(d) issued with a certificate of pattern approval in
accordance with section 21; and
(e) verified in accordance with section 22.
(3) A person who contravenes subsection (2) commits an
offence and is liable on conviction, to a fine not exceeding 60
penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding
six (6) months, or both.

20. Marking-(1) A person must mark:
(a) a measuring instrument, to indicate the maximum it is
designed to measure; and
(b) a weighing and measuring equipment, with an
authorised denomination on its top side in legible
figures and letters.
(2) The form, size and other criteria for marking may be
prescribed by regulations.
(3) The marking required under subsection (1) does not apply
if the small size of the equipment renders the marking
impracticable.

21. Pattern approval-(1) A person may apply to the Chief
Executive Officer for a certificate of pattern approval for the type
of weighing or measuring equipment used in the conduct of trade.
(2) The Chief Executive Officer may issue a certificate of
pattern approval in accordance with regulations.
(3) Despite section 43, the Chief Executive Officer may, if the
Chief Executive Officer considers it appropriate or necessary for
the administration of this Act, issue a pattern approval at any time
within five (5) years from the commencement of this Act.
(4) If a pattern approval is found to be defective at a later
examination, the Chief Executive Officer must:
(a) cancel the certificate of pattern approval; and
(b) notify the person to whom pattern approval was issued.


12 Metrology 2015, No. 11

22. Verification-(1) A person who owns or is in possession of
any equipment for use in the conduct of trade must present the
equipment to an inspector for verification in accordance with
regulations:
(a) for initial verification, before the equipment is used;
(b) after repair or modification; and
(c) at the time and place fixed in a notice issued
under subsection (2), if subject to periodical
examination.
(2) The Chief Executive Officer must by notice published in
the Savali fix the time and place within an area at which
verification of weighing or measuring equipment subject to
periodical examination is to be conducted by inspectors.
(3) An inspector must, upon payment of the approved fee:
(a) inspect and examine equipment presented for
verification; and
(b) test a weight and measure by comparison with a
working standard equivalent to the nominal value
of that weight or measure; and
(c) test a measuring instrument in the prescribed manner.
(4) An inspector may stamp a weight, measure or measuring
instrument with the prescribed mark of verification, in the
prescribed manner, if the weight, measure or measuring
instrument:
(a) is correct; and
(b) meets the requirements for initial verification,
verification after repair or modification or
in-service verification; and
(c) complies with this Act and regulations.

23. Refusal to produce equipment - A person who:
(a) refuses to produce equipment when required to do so
under this Act; or
(b) resists or obstructs the Chief Executive Officer or
inspector in exercising power under this Act to
produce any equipment,
commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not
exceeding 300 penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not
exceeding one (1) year, or both.

2015, No. 11 Metrology 13

24. Forgery-(1) A person commits an offence who makes a
false document within the meaning of Part 17 of the Crimes Act
2013:
(a) with the intention of using it to obtain privilege,
service, pecuniary advantage, benefit, or valuable
consideration; or
(b) knowing it to be false, with the intent that it in any way
be used or acted upon as genuine; or
(c) uses the document to obtain any property, privilege,
service, pecuniary advantage, benefit, or valuable
consideration; or
(d) uses, deals with, or acts upon the document as if it
were genuine; or
(e) causes any other person to use, deal with, or act upon it
as if it were genuine.
(2) Forgery is complete as soon as the document is made with
the intent described in subsection (1)(a) or with the knowledge
and intent described in subsection (1)(b).
(3) Forgery is complete even though the false document may
be incomplete, or may not purport to be such a document as
would be binding or sufficient in law, if it is so made and is such
as to indicate that it was intended to be acted upon as genuine.
(4) A person who is convicted of an offence under subsection
(1) is liable to a fine not exceeding 300 penalty units or to
imprisonment for a term not exceeding one (1) year, or both.

25. Counterfeiting - A person commits an offence and is
liable to a fine not exceeding 300 penalty units or to
imprisonment for a term not exceeding one (1) year, or both who:
(a) unlawfully makes or counterfeits a stamp or
impression of any such stamp used by the Ministry
for the purposes of this Act; or
(b) uses any such seal, stamp, or impression, knowing it to
be counterfeit;
(c) sells equipment with any such seal, stamp, or
impression, knowing it to be counterfeit.

14 Metrology 2015, No. 11

Division 2 - Manufacture, Sale
and Repair of Equipment

26. Meaning of “a person” - In this Division, “person”
whose business or a part of whose business is to manufacture, sell
or repair equipment.

27. Licence to manufacture, sell or repair equipment-(1) A
person must have a licence to manufacture, sell or repair
equipment.
(2) The Chief Executive Officer may issue a licence to
manufacture, sell or repair any equipment, subject to terms and
conditions determined by the Chief Executive Officer and as
prescribed by Regulations.
(3) The application must be supported with the following:
(a) information for the manufacture of equipment, that -
(i) demonstrates the capability of the
applicant to manufacture the type of equipment
which the applicant seeks to manufacture;
(ii) confirms possession by the applicant of
tools and other facilities as may be required for
the manufacture or assembly of equipment;
(iii) is required for pattern approval;
(b) information for the repair of equipment, that -
(i) demonstrates the capability of the
applicant to repair the type of weight, measure
or weighing or measuring instrument which the
applicant seeks to repair;
(ii) confirms possession by the applicant of
equipment, tools or other facilities required to
carry out a proper repair.
(4) The Chief Executive Officer may revoke a licence if the
licensee is convicted of an offence under this Act.
(5) A person who:
(a) contravenes subsection (1); or
(b) as a licensee, breaches a condition of the licence,

2015, No. 11 Metrology 15

commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not
exceeding 300 penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not
exceeding one (1) year, or both.

28. Offence for sale of unverified equipment-(1) A person
who sells equipment must ensure that it meets the requirements of
section 19(2) before each sale is completed.
(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an
offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding 60
penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding
six (6) months, or both.

PART 6
ADMINISTRATION

29. Responsibilities and functions of the Ministry-(1) The
Ministry is responsible for the administration and enforcement of
this Act.
(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the Ministry has the
following functions:
(a) to provide for the use of uniform units of measurement
of physical quantities and for the establishment and
maintenance of standards of measurement of
physical quantities;
(b) to act as custodian of standards declared for the
purposes of this Act;
(c) to establish and maintain laboratories for conducting
scientific, industrial and legal metrology activities;
(d) to provide summaries and plans for laws, rules and
regulations on the management of metrology to the
Minister;
(e) to monitor and evaluate the application of this Act and
regulations by other persons;
(f) to accept, consider and resolve issues arising pursuant
to proposals, petitions and demands associated
with the enforcement of this Act;


16 Metrology 2015, No. 11

(g) to conduct and facilitate training of technical
employees and inspectors;
(h) to facilitate co-operation internationally in metrology
to advance the economic benefit to Samoa;
(i) to promote public awareness of metrology and its
importance for industrial development and the
welfare of citizens;
(j) to assist in the approval patterns of weights, measures
and measuring instruments required under this Act;
(k) to assist in making of appointments for the purpose of
this Act;
(l) to carry out verification of weighing and measuring
equipment;
(m) to assist in the inspection of any weight, measure,
measuring instrument or package to test its
compliance with this Act;
(n) to monitor, assess and evaluate the operations of an
inspection agency;
(o) to ensure that standards are verified in accordance with
regulations;
(p) carry out any function given to it under this Act or any
other Act.

30. Powers of the Chief Executive Officer-(1) The Chief
Executive Officer has the following powers:
(a) to enter, at any reasonable time for the purpose of any
inspection under this Act, any premises in which
any weight or measure or measuring instrument is
or is suspected to be kept or used for the purpose
of any trade, or any article or goods are offered or
exposed for sale;
(b) to search for, or require the person-in-charge of the
premises to produce for courage inspection, all or
any of the weights and measures and measuring
instruments kept in the premises;
(c) to inspect any weight or measure which is found
in the premises or produced for examination,
and compare it with a working standard of the

2015, No. 11 Metrology 17

equivalent nominal value of that weight or
measure;
(d) to inspect any measuring instrument which is found in
the premises or produced for examination and
compare it with working standards or with
measuring instruments tested with working
standards;
(e) to seize and detain for the purpose of this Act any
weight or measure or measuring instrument which
is found upon any comparison or test to be
incorrect, or which appears to the inspector to have
been or likely to be used in contravention of this
Act or regulations;
(f) to inspect and weigh or inspect and measure, any
article or goods kept in any premises, or to be sold
in order to ascertain whether this Act is being
complied for the article or goods and to seize and
detain the article or goods for which this Act has
been or is suspected to have been breached;
(g) to require the production of all books, accounts, or
documents relating to goods in any premises and to
inspect and copy any of those books, accounts or
documents;
(h) to take samples of goods in any premises as may
reasonably be required for the proper performance
of the Chief Executive Officer‟s duties;
(i) to remove a stamp of verification on any weight or
measure or measuring instrument found not to
comply with this Act or regulation;
(j) to carry out any other powers given to the Chief
Executive Officer under this Act.
(2) The Chief Executive Officer may delegate in writing to an
inspector any or all of the powers in subsection (1).


18 Metrology 2015, No. 11

31. Appointment and termination of inspectors-(1) The
Chief Executive Officer may appoint a person as an inspector,
subject to terms and conditions the Chief Executive Officer may
determine.
(2) The Chief Executive Officer may terminate the
appointment of a person as inspector, if the person:
(a) does not comply with the inspector‟s duties under this
Act; or
(b) fails to carry out the inspector‟s functions to a
satisfactory standards; or
(c) has been convicted of an offence under this Act.

32. Duties of inspectors - An inspector has the following
duties:
(a) to verify weighing and measuring equipment;
(b) to inspect weights, measures, measuring instruments,
or packages to establish compliance with this Act;
(c) to use a working standard for the purpose of testing
any weight or measure;
(d) to use a verified measuring instrument for the purposes
of this Act;
(e) to keep a register to record particulars of performance
of duties;
(f) to provide the register to the Chief Executive Officer at
intervals to be determined by the Chief Executive
Officer;
(g) to conduct inspection, repair, alteration or adjustment
of weights and measuring equipment in accordance
with written authority from the Chief Executive
Officer to do so;
(h) if required by the Chief Executive Officer, to produce
all the records, test reports, documents or
equipment in the inspector‟s possession, relating to
any verification or inspection conducted by the
inspector under this Act;


2015, No. 11 Metrology 19

(i) to charge the fee for inspection, repair, alteration or
adjustment before carrying out any inspection,
repair, alteration or adjustment the inspector is
authorised to carry out;
(j) to dispose of fees paid for services under this Act in
accordance with section 41;
(k) to carry out any other duty given to inspectors under
this Act or any other Act.

33. Authority to adjust, alter or repair - If the Chief
Executive Officer considers necessary, the Chief Executive
Officer may in writing authorise an inspector to adjust, alter or
repair weights, measures or measuring equipment within a certain
area.

34. Appointment of inspection agencies-(1) The Minister,
acting on the advice of the Chief Executive Officer, may by
written notice appoint and certify an entity as an inspection
agency if the Minister is satisfied that the entity:
(a) has the resources and technical expertise appropriate to
carry out the functions to be assigned or powers to
be granted under subsection (2); and
(b) can maintain any working standard in its custody in the
manner required under this Act; and
(c) has paid the approved fee.
(2) When appointing and certifying an entity under subsection
(1), the Minister may, acting on the advice of the Chief Executive
Officer:
(a) assign specific functions or duties under this Act to the
inspection agency including -
(i) verification of weighing and measuring
equipment;
(ii) inspection of weights, measures,
measuring instruments, or packages to establish
compliance;
(iii) certification of patterns for weighing
and measuring equipment; and


20 Metrology 2015, No. 11

(b) grant an inspection agency -
(i) the powers of the Chief Executive
Officer under section 30;
(ii) the powers of the Chief Executive
Officer to authorise an inspector as an adjuster
weighing and measuring equipment under
section 33;
(iii) the power to issue a certificate of
pattern approval under section 21;
(iv) the power to impose and collect fees
for services provided under this Act; and
(c) authorise an inspection agency -
(i) to make appointments necessary for
implementation of the functions of the agency;
(ii) to procure working standards in
accordance with section 8;
(iii) to issue notices for periodical
examination under section 22; and
(d) require an inspection agency to carry out its functions
in accordance with the scope of its appointment
and instructions imposed by the Ministry.
(3) An inspection agency may appoint an inspector as an
accredited person who is responsible to the inspection agency for
carrying out the inspector‟s duties.
(4) An accredited person has the same functions, duties, and
powers of inspectors of the Ministry.
(5) The Minister may, acting on the advice of the Chief
Executive Officer, revoke a notice of appointment and
certification made under subsection (1).

35. Offences for inspectors-(1) An inspector commits an
offence who:
(a) breaches the duties provided in section 32; or
(b) contravenes any regulation relating to the examination,
verification or stamping of weights or measures or
weighing or measuring instruments; or

2015, No. 11 Metrology 21

(c) derives any benefit or profit from or is employed in the
manufacturing, selling or repairing of weighing
and measuring equipment; or
(d) repairs, alters or adjusts any weighing or measuring
equipment without written authorisation from the
Chief Executive Officer to do so.
(2) An inspector convicted of an offence under subsection (1)
is liable to a fine not exceeding 300 penalty units or to
imprisonment for a term not exceeding one (1) year, or both.
(3) A person who impersonates the Chief Executive Officer or
an inspector for the purpose of this Act commits an offence and is
liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding 600 penalty units or to
imprisonment for a term not exceeding three (3) years, or both.
(4) In this section, “inspector” includes the head of an agency
appointed under section 34 or any other person authorised to carry
out any function, duty or powers under this Act.

PART 7
MISCELLANEOUS

36. General penalty and forfeiture orders-(1) A person who
is convicted of an offence under this Act or regulation for which
no penalty is provided is liable on conviction to a fine not
exceeding 30 penalty units or to imprisonment for a term not
exceeding three (3) months, or both.
(2) In proceedings for an offence relating to equipment or
goods under this Part, the court may order, either at trial or on a
subsequent application that the equipment or goods be:
(a) delivered to the person appearing to the court to be
entitled to the equipment or goods; or
(b) forfeited or destroyed (in the case of instruments or
things for falsifying verification of equipment); or
(c) otherwise disposed of in a manner determined by the
court.


22 Metrology 2015, No. 11

37. Principal liable for offences by employees and
agents - If an offence under this Act is committed by the agent or
employee of a manufacturer or trader, the offence is deemed to
have been committed by the manufacturer or trader unless it
proves that the offence was committed without its knowledge.

38. Evidence-(1) A person who carries on any trade, if found
in the possession of weighing and measuring equipment is
deemed to be in possession of the equipment for use in trade, until
the contrary is proved.
(2) A certificate issued by the Chief Executive Officer or
inspection agency regarding the condition of any weight, measure
or measuring instrument, is admissible in evidence in any court,
and is evidence of the facts stated in the certificate.
(3) Subsection (2) does not affect the right to cross-examine a
person on the facts stated in the certificate.
(4) A court must take judicial notice of a standard.

39. Defences-(1) If an offence under this Act is committed by
a company, the person at the time of commission of that offence
who was a director of that company is deemed to have committed
the same offence.
(2) It is a defence under subsection (1) for the director to
prove that:
(a) the director took any reasonable and proper steps to
ensure that the requirements of this Act would be
complied with; or
(b) the director took any reasonable and proper steps to
ensure that the company complied with the
requirements of this Act; or
(c) in the circumstances, the director could not have been
expected to take any reasonable and proper steps to
ensure that the company complied with the
requirements of this Act.
(3) If an offence under this Act is committed by a body of
persons other than a company, a person who at the time of the
commission of the offence was an officer or member of that body
is deemed to have committed the same offence.


2015, No. 11 Metrology 23

(4) It is a defence under subsection (3) for the officer or
member to prove that:
(a) the offence was committed without the officer‟s or
member‟s knowledge; or
(b) the officer or member took reasonable precautions and
exercised due diligence to prevent the commission
of the offence.

40. Dispute settlement-(1) The Chief Executive Officer may,
at the request of an inspector or a party to a dispute, hear and
determine a dispute between the parties regarding the methods to
be adopted in testing any weight, measure or measuring
instrument.
(2) A determination by the Chief Executive Officer regarding
the dispute is final.

41. Fees and forms-(1) The Minister, with the approval of the
National Revenue Board, may by notice published in the Savali,
determine the fees and other charges for the purpose of this Act.
(2) All fees and charges are to be paid to:
(a) the Ministry; or
(b) for services by an inspection agency, to the inspection
agency.
(3) The Chief Executive Officer may approve forms for the
purposes of this Act.

42. Regulations and amendment of Schedules-(1) The Head
of State, acting on the advice of Cabinet, may make regulations
for the purpose of or to give effect to the provisions of this Act,
and in particular to make the following regulations:
(a) for the purpose of section 3 -
(i) assign definitions of the base units in
Schedule 1 to a definition that appears to
reproduce the international definition adopted
by the General Conference on Weights and
Measures; and


24 Metrology 2015, No. 11

(ii) extend the period of time that a
customary unit of measurement may remain
legal for use in trade; and
(iii) remove any customary unit from
Schedule 2 and Schedule 3;
(b) for the purpose of section 14, prescribe the tests and
limits of error to be applied to a package, other
than a catch weight package, bearing a statement
of the net weight or measure of the goods in that
package;
(c) for the purpose of section 15 -
(i) the requirements for the marking and
labelling of the quantity of a package of goods
or goods sold, offered or exposed for sale
whether on a price ticket, price list,
advertisement or otherwise;
(ii) the requirements for the marking and
labelling of the name and address of the packer
of those goods; and
(iii) exempt any package of goods or class
of goods from any marking or labelling
requirement under section 15;
(iv) the requirements for the marking of
every package containing food in a liquid
medium to be marked with the drained weight
of the contents; and
(v) specify different types, categories or
classes of goods to which the requirements
apply;
(d) for the purpose of section 19, exempt a field from the
requirements in section 19 or limit the extent of
application to a field;
(e) for the purpose of section 21, the procedures,
conditions, specification, or limits of error to be
used for determining pattern approval;
(f) for the purpose of section 22 -
(i) to determine which weights, measures or
measuring instruments are subject to periodical
examination; and

2015, No. 11 Metrology 25

(ii) the requirements for initial verification,
verification after repair or modification and in-
service verification;
(iii) the duration of validity for verification;
(g) for the purpose of section 27, for prohibiting licensees
from demanding or accepting fees for repair or
adjustment of weights, measures, and measuring
instruments in excess of approved fees;
(h) any other matter required to be prescribed by this Act.
(2) The Head of State, acting on the advice of Cabinet, may by
regulations amend a Schedule.

43. Repeal, saving and transitional-(1) The Measures
Ordinance 1960 (“Ordinance”) is repealed.
(2) A weight, measure, or measuring instrument in trade use
under the Ordinance continues and is taken to be approved for the
purposes of section 21 for a period of five (5) years from the
commencement date of this Act.
(3) A verification of any weight, measure or measuring
instrument under the Ordinance continues in force until expiry of
12 months from the commencement of this Act.
(4) Any proceedings initiated under the Ordinance pending at
the commencement of this Act continue as if they were initiated
under this Act.
(5) A reference to the Ordinance in any other enactment (other
than this Act) is taken as a reference to this Act, except where the context otherwise requires.


26 Metrology 2015, No. 11

SCHEDULE 1 (Sections 2, 3(1), 6(b) and 42(1)(a)(i))


INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM OF UNITS

1. Definition of the international system of units - The
international system of units « SI » consists of:
(a) the base units; and
(b) the derived units.

2. Base units - The names and symbols of the base units are
respectively for:
length metre (m)
mass kilogram (kg)
time second (s)
electric current ampere (A)
thermodynamic temperature kelvin (K)
amount of substance mole (mol)
luminous intensity candela (cd)

3. Derived units-(1) The derived units are coherent with the
base units and, if necessary, with the supplementary units, and are
defined by algebraic expressions in the form of products of
powers of the base and supplementary units, with a numerical
factor equal to one. Most commonly used derived units are
indicated in subclauses (2), (3), (4), (5), (6) and (7).
(2) The units of space and time are as follows:
(a) Plane angle: radian (symbol: rad)
The radian is the plane angle between two radii
which cut off on the circumference of a circle an
arc equal in length to the radius.
1m (1 rad = = 1)
1m


2015, No. 11 Metrology 27

(b) Solid angle: steradian (symbol: Sr)
The steradian is the solid angle, which having its
vertex in the centre of a sphere, cuts off an area of
the surface of the sphere equal to that of a square
with its side of equal length to the radius of the
sphere.
1m2 (1 sr = = 1)
1m2
(c) Wave number: 1 per metre (symbol: m
– 1)
1 per metre is the wave number of a
monochromatic radiation whose wave length is
equal to 1 metre.

1
(1 m – 1
= )
1m
(d) Surface, Area: the square metre (symbol: m
2)
The square metre is the surface of a square having
a side of 1 metre.

(1 m2 = 1 m .1 m)

(e) Volume: the cubic metre (symbol: m3)
The cubic metre is the volume of a cube having a
side of 1 metre.

(1 m3 = 1 m.1 m.1 m)

(f) Frequency: the hertz (symbol: Hz)
The hertz is the frequency of a periodic
phenomenon of which the periodic time is 1
second.
1 (1 Hz = 1 s
– 1 = )
1s

28 Metrology 2015, No. 11

(g) Angular velocity: radian per second (symbol: rad/s or
rad . s – 1
)
The radian per second is the angular velocity of a
body which, animated by a uniform rotation
around a fixed axis, turns 1 radian in 1 second.

1 rad
(1 rad / s = )
1 s
(h) Angular acceleration: radian per second squared
(symbol: rad/s2 or rad . s
– 2)
The radian per second squared is the angular
acceleration of a body which is animated by a
rotation varying uniformly around a fixed axis, and
whose angular velocity varies by 1 radian per
second in 1 second.

1 rad/s
(1 rad/s2 = )
1s
(i) Speed: metre per second (symbol: m/s or m . s
– 1)
The metre per second is the speed of a body which,
animated by a uniform movement, covers 1 metre
in 1 second.

1 m
(1 m/s = )
1 s

(j) Acceleration: metre per second squared (symbol: m/s2
or m . s – 2
)
The metre per second squared is the acceleration of
a body, animated by a uniformly varied movement
whose speed varies in 1 second by 1 metre per
second.


2015, No. 11 Metrology 29

1 m/s
(1 m/s2 = )
1 s
(3) The units of mechanics are as follows:
(a) Linear density: kilogram per metre (symbol: kg/m or
kg . m – 1
)
The kilogram per metre is the linear density of a
homogeneous body of uniform section having a
mass of 1 kilogram and a length of 1 metre.

1 kg
(1 kg/m = )
1 m

(b) Surface density: kilogram per square metre (symbol:
kg/m2 or kg . m
– 2)
The kilogram per square metre is the density of a
homogeneous body having a mass of 1 kilogram
and a surface of 1 square metre.

1 kg
(1 kg/m2 = )
1 m2

(c) Density (mass density): kilogram per cubic metre
(symbol : kg/m3 or kg . m
– 3)
The kilogram per cubic metre is the density of a
homogeneous body having a mass of 1 kilogram
and a volume of 1 cubic metre.

1 kg
(1 kg/m3 = )
1 m3


30 Metrology 2015, No. 11

(d) Force: Newton (symbol: N)
The newton is the force which, when applied to a
body having a mass of 1 kilogram, gives it an
acceleration of 1 metre per second squared.

(1 N = 1 kg . m/s2)

(e) Pressure, Stress: Pascal (symbol: Pa)
The Pascal is the uniform pressure which, when
acting on a plane surface of 1 square metre,
exercises perpendicularly to that surface a total
force of 1 Newton. It is also the uniform stress
which, when acting on a plane surface of 1 square
metre, exercises on that surface a total force of 1
Newton.

1 N
(1 Pa = )
1 m2

(f) Dynamic viscosity: Pascal second (symbol: pa . s)
The Pascal second is the dynamic viscosity of a
homogeneous fluid in which the uniform linear
movement of a plane surface of 1 square metre
leads to a retarding force of 1 newton, when there
is a difference in velocity of 1 metre per second
between two parallel planes separated by a
distance of 1 metre.

1 Pa . 1 m
(1 Pa . s = )
1 m/s

(g) Kinematic viscosity: metre squared per second
(symbol: m2/s or m
2.s
– 1)
The metre squared per second is the kinematic
viscosity of a fluid whose dynamic viscosity is 1


2015, No. 11 Metrology 31

Pascal second and whose density is 1 kilogram per
cubic metre.

1 Pa .s
(1 m2/s = )
1 kg/m3

(h) Work, Energy, Quantity of heat: joule (symbol: J)
The joule is the work done when the point of
application of a force of 1 newton is displaced
through a distance of 1 metre in the direction of the
force.

(1 J = 1 N . 1 m)

(i) Power, Energy flow rate, Heat flow rate: watt (symbol:
W)
The watt is the power which gives rise to a
production of energy equal to 1 Joule per second.

1 J
(1 W = )
1 s

(j) Volume flow rate: cubic metre per second (symbol m3/s
or m3. s
– 1)
The cubic metre per second is the volume flow rate
of a uniform flow such that a substance having a
volume of 1 cubic metre passes through the cross
section considered in 1 second.

1 m3
(1 m3/s = )
1 s

(k) Mass flow rate: kilogram per second (symbol: kg/s or
kg . s – 1
)
The kilogram per second is the mass flow rate
of a uniform flow such that a substance having a

32 Metrology 2015, No. 11

mass of 1 kilogram passes through the cross
section considered in 1 second.

1 kg
(1 kg/s = )
1 s

(4) The units of heat are as follows:
(a) Entropy: joule per Kelvin (symbol: J/K or J . K – 1
)
The joule per Kelvin is the increase in the entropy
of a system receiving a quantity of heat of 1 joule
at the constant thermodynamic temperature of 1
Kelvin, provided that no irreversible change takes
place in the system.

1 J
(1 J/K = )
1 K

(b) Specific heat capacity: joule per kilogram Kelvin
(symbol : J/(kg . K) or J .kg– 1
. K – 1
)
The joule per kilogram Kelvin is the specific heat
capacity of a homogeneous body having a mass of
1 kilogram in which the addition of a quantity of
heat of 1 joule produces a rise in temperature of 1
kelvin.
1 J (1 J/(kg .K) =)
1 kg . 1 K
(c) Thermal conductivity: watt per metre kelvin
(symbol: W/(m . K) or W . m – 1
. K – 1
)
The watt per metre kelvin is the thermal
conductivity of a homogeneous body in which a
difference of temperature of 1 kelvin between
two parallel planes having a surface of 1 square


2015, No. 11 Metrology 33

metre and which are 1 metre apart produces
between these planes a heat flow rate of 1 watt.

1 W/m2
(1 W/(m . K) = )
1 K/1m

(5) The units of Electricity and Magnetism are as follows:
(a) Quantity of electricity, Electric charge: coulomb
(symbol: C)
The coulomb is the quantity of electricity carried in
1 second by a current of 1 ampere.

(1 C = 1 . 1 s = 1 A . s).

(b) Electric potential, Electric tension, Electromotive
force: volt (symbol: V)
The volt is the difference of electric potential
between two points of a conducting wire carrying a
constant current of 1 ampere, when the power
dissipated between these two points is equal to 1
watt.

1 W
(1 V = )
1 A

(c) Electric field strength: volt per metre (symbol: V/m)
The volt per metre is the strength of the electric
field which exercises a force of 1 newton on a
body charged with a quantity of electricity of 1
coulomb.
1 N
(1 V/m = )
1 C

34 Metrology 2015, No. 11

(d) Electric resistance: ohm (symbol: Ω)
The ohm is the electric resistance between two
points of a conductor when a constant potential
difference of 1 volt, applied to these points,
produces in the conductor a current of 1 ampere,
the conductor not being the seat of any
electromotive force.

1 V
(1 Ω = )
1 A
(e) Conductance: siemens (symbol: S)
The siemens is the conductance of a conductor
having an electric resistance of 1 ohm.

1
(1 S = 1 Ω –1
= )
1 Ω

(f) Electric capacitance: farad (symbol: F)
The farad is the capacitance of a capacitor between
the plates of which there appears a difference of
electric potential of 1 volt, when it is charged by a
quantity of electricity of 1 coulomb.

1 C
(1 F = )
1 V

(g) Inductance: henry (symbol: H)
The henry is the electric inductance of a closed
circuit in which an electromotive force of 1 volt is
produced when the electric current in the circuit
varies uniformly at the rate of 1 ampere per
second.


2015, No. 11 Metrology 35

1 V .1 s
(1 H = )
1 A

(h) Magnetic flux, magnetic induction flux: Weber
(symbol: Wb)
The weber is the magnetic flux which, linking a
circuit of 1 turn, would produce in it an
electromotive force of 1 volt, if it were reduced to
zero at a uniform rate in 1 second.

(1 Wb = 1 V . 1 s).
(i) Magnetic induction, magnetic, flux density: tesla
(symbol: T)
The tesla is the uniform magnetic induction,
which, distributed normally over a surface of 1
square metre, produces across the surface a total
magnetic flux of 1 weber.

1 Wb
(1 T = )
1 m2

(j) Magnetomotive force: ampere (symbol: A)
The ampere is the magnetomotive force along any
closed curve which surrounds once only an electric
conductor through which an electric current of 1
ampere passes.

(k) Magnetic field strength: ampere per metre (symbol
A/m or A . m – 1
).
The ampere per metre is the strength of the
magnetic field produced in vacuum along
the circumference of a circle of 1 metre
circumference, by an electric current of 1 ampere,
maintained in a straight conductor of infinite


36 Metrology 2015, No. 11

length, of negligible circular cross section, forming
the axis of the circle mentioned.

1 A
(1 A/m = )
1 m
(6) The units of radiation and light are as follows:
(a) Radiant intensity: watt per steradian (symbol W/sr or
W .sr– 1
)
The watt per steradian is the radiant intensity of a
point source emitting a uniform radiant flux of 1
watt in a solid angle of 1 steradian.

1 W
(1 W/sr = )
1 sr

(b) Luminance: candela per square metre (symbol: Cd/m2
or cd . m – 2
)
The candela per square metre is the luminance
perpendicular to the plane surface of 1 square
metre of a source of which the luminous intensity
perpendicular to that surface is 1 candela.

1 cd
(1 cd/m2 = )
1 m2

(c) Luminous flux: lumen (symbol: lm)
The lumen is the luminous flux emitted in the unit
solid angle (steradian) by a uniform point source
having a luminous intensity of 1 candela.

(1 lm = 1 cd . 1 sr)


2015, No. 11 Metrology 37

(d) Illuminance: lux (symbol: lx)
The lux is the illuminance of a surface receiving a
luminous flux of 1 lumen, uniformly distributed
over a square metre of the surface.

1 lm
(1 lx = )
1 m 2

(7) The units of ionizing radiations are as follows:
(a) Activity (of a radioactive source): becquerel (Symbol:
Bq)
The becquerel is the activity of a radioactive
source which one nuclear transformation or
transition occurs per second.

1
(1 Bq = )
1 s

(b) Absorbed dose: gray (symbol: Gy)
The gray is the dose absorbed in an element of
matter of 1 kilogram mass to which the energy of 1
joule is imparted by ionizing radiations whose
energy fluence is constant.

1 W
(1 Gy = )
1 kg
(c) Exposure: coulomb per kilogram (symbol: C/kg or
C .kg– 1
)
The coulomb per kilogram is the exposure of a
photonic ionizing radiation, which can produce in a
quantity of air of 1 kilogram mass, ions of one sign
carrying a total electric charge of 1 coulomb, the
energy fluence being uniform in the quantity of air
considered.


38 Metrology 2015, No. 11

4. Decimal multiples and sub-multiples of the SI units-(1)
The decimal multiples and sub-multiples of SI units are formed by
means of the decimal numerical factors set out in subclause (2) by
which the SI unit concerned is multiplied.
(2) The names of the decimal multiples and sub-multiples of
the SI units are formed by means of SI prefixes designating the
decimal numerical factors.
Factors SI
Prefix
Symbol
1 000 000 000 000 000 000 = 10 18
exa E
1 000 000 000 000 000 = 10 15
peta P
1 000 000 000 000 = 10 12
tera T
1 000 000 000 = 10 9 giga G
1 000 000 = 10 6 mega M
1 000 = 10 3 kilo k
100 = 10 2 hecto h
10 = 10 1 deca da
0.1 = 10 – 1
deci d
0.01 = 10 – 2
centi c
0.001 = 10 – 3
milli m
0.000 001 = 10 – 6
micro µ
0.000 000 001 = 10 – 9
nano n
0.000 000 000 001 = 10 – 12
pico p
0.000 000 000 000 001 = 10 – 15
femto f
0.000 000 000 000 000 001 = 10 – 18
atto a

(3) A prefix must be considered to be combined with the name
of the unit to which it is directly attached.
(4) The symbol of the prefix must be placed before the symbol
of the unit without intermediate space; the whole forms the
symbol of the multiple of the unit. The symbol of the prefix is
therefore considered to be combined with the symbol of the unit
to which it is directly attached, forming with it a new unit symbol
which can be raised to a positive or negative power and which can
be combined with other unit symbols to form the symbols for
compound units.

2015, No. 11 Metrology 39

(5) Compound prefixes, formed by the juxtaposition of several
SI prefixes, are not permitted.
(6) The names and symbols of the decimal multiples and sub-
multiples of the unit of mass are formed by the addition of the SI
prefixes to the word « gram » (symbol: g) 1 g = 0.001 kg = 10 – 3

kg.
(7) To designate the decimal multiples and sub-multiples of a
derived unit which is expressed in the form of a fraction, a prefix
can be attached indifferently to the units which appear either in
the numerator, or in the denominator, or in both of these terms.


40 Metrology 2015, No. 11

SCHEDULE 2 (Sections 3(2), 4(1), 19(2)(a), and 42(1)(a)(iii))


UNITS TO BE USED IN TRADE

PART 1

1. The international system of units and other metric
units-(1) The measurement of length is as follows:
(a) SI units:

kilometre (km) = 1000 metres
metre (m) as defined in Schedule 1
millimetre (mm) = 1/1000 metres
micrometre (µm) = 1/1 000 000 metres

(b) Other metric units:

nautical mile = 1852 metres
centimetre = 1/100 metres

(2) The measurement of area is as follows:
(a) SI units:

square metre (m2) = as defined in Schedule 1
square kilometre
((km)2)
= 1 000 000 square metres
square millimetre
((mm)2)
= 1/1 000 000th
of square
metre

(b) Other metric units:

hectare (ha) = 10 000 square metres
are (a) = 100 square metres
square centimetre
((cm) 2
)
= 1/10 000th
of a square metre


2015, No. 11 Metrology 41

(3) The measurement of plane and solid angle is as follows:
(a) Plane angle:

radian (rad) as defined in Schedule 1
degree (0) = π /180 radians
minute („) = π /10800 radians
second (“) = = π /64800 radians
gon (gon) = π /200 radians

(b) Solid angle:

steradian (sr) as defined in Schedule 1

(4) The measurement of speed is as follows:
(a) SI units:

metre per second (m/s) as defined in Schedule 1

(b) Other metric units:
kilometre per hour = 10/36 metres per second
(5) The measurement of volume or capacity is as follows:
(a) SI units:

cubic metre as defined in Schedule 1

(b) Other metric units:

hectolitre (hl) = 100 litres
litre (l) = = 1/1 000th
of a cubic metre
cubic centimetre
((cm)3)
= 1/100 000th
of cubic metre
decilitre (dl) = 1/10th
of a litre
centilitre (cl) = 1/100th
of a litre
millilitre (ml) = 1/1 000th
of a litre



42 Metrology 2015, No. 11

(6) The measurement of mass is as follows:
(a) SI units:

kilogram (kg) as defined in Schedule 1
gram (g) = 1/1 000th
of kilogram
milligram (mg) = 1/100 000th
of a kilogram
microgram (µg) = 1/1 000 000 000th
of a
kilogram

(b) Other metric units:

tonne (t) = 1 000 kilogram
metric carat = 1/5th
part of a gram

(7) The measurement of density (mass density) is as follows:
(a) SI units:
kilogram per cubic metre as defined in Schedule 1
(b) Other metric units:
tonne per cubic metre = 1 000 kilograms per cubic
metre
(8) The measurement of force is as follows:
SI units:

meganewton (MN) = 1 000 000 newtons
kilonewton (kN) = 1 000 newtons
newton (N) as defined in Schedule 1
millinewton (mN) = 1/1 000th
of a newton
(9) The measurement of pressure and stress is as follows:
SI units:
megapascal (MPa) = 1 000 000 pascals
kilopascal (kPa) = 1 000 pascals
pascal (Pa) as defined in Schedule 1


2015, No. 11 Metrology 43

(10) The measurement of linear density of textiles is as
follows:
Other metric units:
tex (tex) = The mass in grams of one
kilometre of yarn.
= 1 g/l km = 10 – 6
kg/m
millitex (mtex) = 1/1 000th
of a tex
decitex (dtex) = 1/10th
of a tex
kilotex (ktex) = 1 000 tex
(11) The measurement of time and frequency is as follows:
(a) Time:
minute (min) = 60 seconds
hour (h) = 3600 seconds
day (d) = 86400 seconds
week = 7 days
month and year of the Gregorian calendar
(b) Frequency:
gigahertz (GHz) = 1 000 000 000 hertz
megahertz (MHz) = 1 000 000 hertz
kilohertz (kHz) = 1 000 hertz
hertz (Hz) as defined in Schedule 1
(12)The measurement of temperature is as follows:
(a) SI units:
kelvin (K) as defined in Schedule 1
(b) Other metric units:
degree celsius (0C) = one kelvin (K)
The celsius temperature scale is defined by the
following equation:

t = T – T0 where

44 Metrology 2015, No. 11

t – temperature in degrees celsius

T – temperature in kelvins

T0 = 273.15 K


(13) The measurement of energy and power is as follows:
(a) Energy, work and quantity of heat:

joule (J) as defined in Schedule 1
kilojoule (kJ) = 1 000 joules
megajoule (MJ) = 1 000 000 joules
watthour (Wh) = 3.6 10 3 joules
kilowatthour (kWh) = 1 000 watthour
electronvolt (eV) = The energy acquired by an
electron in passing through a
potential difference of 1 volt
in vacuum.
All other multiples and sub-multiples as defined in
clause 4 of Schedule 1.

(b) Power, energy flow rate and heat flow rate:

milliwatt (mW) = 1/ 1 000 of a watt
watt (W) as defined in Schedule 1
kilowatt (kW) = 1 000 W
megawatt (MW) = 1 000 000 watts
All other multiples and sub-multiples as defined in
Paragraph 4 of Schedule 1.

(14) The measurement of specific energy is as follows:
(a) SI units:

kilojoules per
kilogram (kJ/kg)
= 1 000 joules per kilogram
joule per kilogram
(J/kg)
= 1 joule per kilogram


2015, No. 11 Metrology 45

(b) Other units:

joule per gram (J/g) 1/1 000th
joules per kilogram

(15) The measurement of electric current is as follows:
SI units:

ampere (A) as defined in Schedule 1
milliampere (mA) = 1/1 000th
of ampere
microampere (µA) = 1/ 1 000 000th
of ampere

(16) The measurement of electromotive force and potential
difference is as follows:
SI units:

kilovolt (kV) = 1 000 volts
volt (V) as defined in Schedule 1
millivolt (mV) = 1/1 000th
of a volt
microvolt (µV) = 1/1 000 000th
of a volt

(17) The measurement of electric capacitance is as follows:
SI units:

henry (H) as defined in Schedule 1
millihenry (mH) = 1/1 000th
of a henry
microhenry (µH) = 1/ 1 000 000th
of a henry

(18) The measurement of electric resistance is as follows:
SI units:

megaohm (MΩ) = 1 000 000 ohms
kiloohm (kΩ) = 1 000 ohms
ohm (Ω) as defined in Schedule 1
milliohm (mΩ) = 1/1 000th
of an ohm
microohm (µΩ) = 1/1 000 000th
of an ohm



46 Metrology 2015, No. 11

(19) The measurement of quantity of electricity is as follows:
(a) SI units:

coulomb (C) as defined in Schedule 1
millicoulomb (mC) = 1/1000th
of coulomb
microcoulomb (µC) = 1/1 000 000th
of coulomb

(b) Other units:

amperehour (Ah) = 3 600 coulombs

(20) The measurement of luminous intensity is as follows:
SI units:

candela (cd) as defined in Schedule 1

(21) The measurement of illumination is as follows:
SI units:

lux (lx) as defined in Schedule 1

(22) The measurement of luminous flux is as follows:
SI units:

lumen (1m) as defined in Schedule 1


(23) The measurement of activity is as follows:
SI units:

becquerel (Bq) as defined in Schedule 1
millibecquerel (mBq) = 1/1 000 of becquerel

(24) The measurement of absorbed dose is as follows:
SI units:

gray (Gy) as defined in Schedule 1
milligray (mGy) = 1/1 000 of gray


2015, No. 11 Metrology 47

(25) The measurement of exposure is as follows:
SI units:

coulomb per kilogram
(C/kg)
as defined in Schedule
1


PART 2

2. Customary units of measurement-(1) Weight:
(a) British Imperial/US units:

avoirdupois
pound
= 7000 grains, or
256 drams, or
16 avoirdupoir
ounces
= 0.453 592
37 kilograms

(b) US units:

hundredweight = 100 pounds = 45.359 237
kilograms
ton = 2000 pounds = 907.184 74
kilograms

(2) Capacity or volume:
(a) British Imperial units:

fluid drahm = 60 minims = 3.551 632 7
fluid ounce = 8 fluid drachms,
or 480 minims
= 28.413 062
5 millilitres
pint = 20 fluid ounces,
or
160 fluid drachms,
or 9600 minims
= 568.261 24
millilitres
gallon = 160 fluid ounces,
or 4 quarts, or
8 pints
= 4.546 09
cubic
decimetres/
litres


48 Metrology 2015, No. 11

(b) US units:

cubic inch = 1/1728 cubic foot = 16.387 064
millilitres
cubic foot = 1728 cubic inches = 28 316.846
592 millilitres
or
0.028 316 846
592 cubic
metre (cm3)
pint (US) = 28.875 cubic
inches (in3), or
16 fluid ounces, or
128 fluid drams, or
7680 minims
= 473.176 47
millilitres
gallon = 231 cubic inches
(in3), or 4 quarts, or
8 pints
= 3.785 411 7
litres

(3) Dry measures:
US customary units:

dry pint = 33.600 312 5
cubic inches (in3)
= 0.550 610 5
litres
dry quart = 67.200 625 cubic
inches (in3)
= 1.101 221
litres
peck = 537.605 cubic
inches (in3)
= 8.809 768
litres
bushel = 2150.42 cubic
inches (in3)
= 35.339 07
litres






2015, No. 11 Metrology 49

SCHEDULE 3 (Sections 7, 8, 19(2)(b) and 42(1)(a)(iii))


WEIGHTS AND MEASURES
LAWFUL FOR USE IN TRADE

PART 1 - THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM
OF UNITS AND OTHER METRIC UNITS

1. - (1) Measurement of length

100 metres 10 metres 1 metre
50 metres 5 metres 1 centimetre
30 metres 3 metres 1 millimetre
20 metres 2 metres 1 micrometre

(2) Square Measures:
Measures of, or any multiple of, 1 square decimetre.

(3) Cubic measures:
Measures of, or any multiple of, the cubic decimetre
= 0.001 m3.

(4) Capacity measures:

10 litres, or any
multiple of 10
litres
250 millilitres 20 millilitres

5 litres 200 millilitres 10 millilitres
2 litres 100 millilitres 5 millilitres
1 litre 50 millilitres 2 millilitres
500 millilitres 25 millilitres 1 millilitre



50 Metrology 2015, No. 11

(5) Weights:
(a) Metric:

50 kilograms 100 grams 200 milligrams
20 kilograms 50 grams 100 milligrams
10 kilograms 20 grams 50 milligrams
5 kilograms 10 grams 20 milligrams
2 kilograms 5 grams 10 milligrams
1 kilogram 2 grams 5 milligrams
500 grams 1 gram 2 milligrams
200 grams 500 milligrams 1 milligram

(b) Other metric units:

500 carats metric 1 carat metric
200 carats metric 0.5 carat metric
100 carats metric 0.25 carat metric
50 carats metric 0.2 carat metric
20 carats metric 0.1 carat metric
10 carats metric 0.05 carat metric
5 carats metric 0.02 carat metric
2 carats metric 0.01 carat metric

PART 2 - CUSTOMARY UNITS

2. - (1) Weight:
British Imperial units:

56 pounds 8 ounces
28 pounds 4 ounces
14 pounds 2 ounces
7 pounds 1 ounce
4 pounds ½ ounce
2 pounds ¼ ounce
1 pound



2015, No. 11 Metrology 51

(2) Capacity or Volume:
British Imperial units:

5 gallons ½ pint
4 gallons 8 fluid ounces
3 gallons 4 fluid ounces
2 gallons 2 fluid ounces
1 gallon 1 fluid ounce
½ gallon 4 fluid drams
¼ gallon (1 quart) 2 fluid drams
1 pint 1 fluid dram

__________
The Metrology Act 2015 is administered by the
Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Labour.