UK Forces (Jurisdiction of Courts) Act

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United Kingdom Forces (Jurisdiction of Courts) MONTSERRAT
CHAPTER 2.16
UNITED KINGDOM FORCES (JURISDICTION OF COURTS) ACT
Revised Edition showing the law as at 1 January 2002
This is a revised edition of the law, prepared by the Law Revision Commissioner under the authority of the Revised Edition of the Laws Act.
This edition contains a consolidation of the following laws—
Page
UNITED KINGDOM FORCES (JURISDICTION OF COURTS) ACT 3
Act 18 of 1965 .. in force 15 October 1965
MONTSERRAT
CHAPTER 2.16
UNITED KINGDOM FORCES (JURISDICTION OF COURTS) ACT
Revised Edition showing the law as at 1 January 2002
This is a revised edition of the law, prepared by the Law Revision Commissioner under the authority of the Revised Edition of the Laws Act.
This edition contains a consolidation of the following laws—
Page
UNITED KINGDOM FORCES (JURISDICTION OF COURTS) ACT 3
Act 18 of 1965 .. in force 15 October 1965
U.K. Forces (Jurisdiction of Courts) CAP. 02.16 3 Revision Date: 1 Jan 2002
LAWS OF MONTSERRAT
CHAPTER 2.16
UNITED KINGDOM FORCES (JURISDICTION OF COURTS) ACT
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
SECTION
1. Short title 2. Interpretation 3. Restriction of trial of service offenders by courts 4. Courts of Montserrat not to try offences tried by service courts 5. Saving of powers of arrest, etc. 6. Coroner’s inquests 7. Evidence
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CHAPTER 2.16
UNITED KINGDOM FORCES (JURISDICTION OF COURTS) ACT
(Act 18 of 1965)
AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE WITHDRAWAL OF THE JURISDICTION OF LOCAL COURTS TO TRY MEMBERS OF HER MAJESTY’S FORCES OR OF A CIVILIAN COMPONENT OF THOSE FORCES FOR OFFENCES COMMITTED WHILST ON DUTY
AND FOR CERTAIN OFFENCES COMMITTED WHILST OFF DUTY.
Commencement
[15 October 1965]
Short title
1. This Act may be cited as the United Kingdom Forces (Jurisdiction of Courts) Act.
Interpretation
2. (1) In this Act—
“coroner” means the Coroner appointed under the Coroners Act, and include a Deputy Coroner;
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LAWS OF MONTSERRAT
“court of Montserrat” means a court exercising jurisdiction in Montserrat other than a service court;
“dependant”, in relation to any person, means any of the following—
(a) the wife or husband of that person; and
(b) any other person wholly or mainly maintained by him or in his custody, charge or care;
“Her Majesty’s forces” means the naval, military or air forces of Her Majesty in right of her Government in the United Kingdom but does not include a force raised under a law enacted by the legislature of Montserrat;
“law of Montserrat” means the law for the time being in force in Montserrat or any part thereof;
“service court” means an officer or court exercising jurisdiction under the Naval Discipline Act, 1957 (U.K), the Army Act, 1955 (U.K), or the Air Force Act, 1955 (U.K), and includes a confirming officer or reviewing authority under any of those Acts;
(2) In this Act, a reference to the holder of any office by the term designating his office shall be construed as including, to the extent of his authority, a reference to any person for the time being authorised to exercise the functions of that office.
(3) References in this Act to a member of a civilian component of any of Her Majesty’s forces are references to persons (being persons subject to the jurisdiction of a service court) of any such description as may be prescribed by order made by the Governor.
(4) References in this Act to a person’s having at any time a relevant association with Her Majesty’s forces are references to his being at that time a person of one or the other of the following descriptions, that is to say—
(a) a member of Her Majesty’s forces or a member of a civilian component of any of those forces;
(b) a person who is a dependant of any such member.
(5) References in this Act to any law are references to that law as from time to time amended or extended by or under any other law.
(6) In the exercise of the powers conferred upon him by this Act, the Governor shall not be obliged to consult any other person or authority in Montserrat.
Restriction of trial of service offenders by courts
3. (1) Subject to the provisions of this section, a person charged with an offence against the law of Montserrat shall not be liable to be tried for that offence by a court of Montserrat if at the time that the offence is alleged to
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LAWS OF MONTSERRAT
have been committed he was a member of Her Majesty’s forces or a member of a civilian component, as the case may be; or
(a) the alleged offence, if committed by him, arose out of and in the course of his duty as a member of Her Majesty’s forces or a member of that civilian component, as the case may be;
(b) the alleged offence is an offence against the person, and the person or, if more than one, each of the persons in relation to whom it is alleged to have been committed had at the time thereof a relevant association with Her Majesty’s forces; or
(c) the alleged offence is an offence against property, and the whole of the property in relation to which it was alleged to have been committed (or, in cases where different parts of that property were differently owned, each part of the property) was at the time thereof of the property either of a department of the Government of the United Kingdom or of some other authority of the United Kingdom or of Her Majesty’s forces or of the Navy, Army and Air Force Institutes or of any other institution or organization operating for the benefit of Her Majesty’s forces that is prescribed by order of the Governor or the property of a person having such an association as aforesaid.
(2) Nothing in subsection (1) of this section—
(a) shall prevent a person from being tried by a court of Montserrat in any case where a certificate is issued by or on behalf of the Governor, either before or in the course of the trial, that the officer commanding Her Majesty’s forces in Montserrat has notified the Governor that it is not proposed that the case should be dealt with by a service court;
(b) shall affect anything done or omitted in the course of a trial unless in the course thereof objection has already been made that by reason of that subsection the court is not competent to deal with the case; or
(c) shall, after the conclusion of a trial, be treated as having affected the validity thereof if no such objection was made in the proceedings at any stage before the conclusion of the trail.
(3) In relation to cases where the charge (by whatever words expressed) is a charge of attempting or conspiring to commit an offence, or of aiding, abetting, procuring or being accessory to the commission of an offence, paragraphs (b) and (c) of subsection (1) of this section shall have effect as if references in those paragraphs to the alleged offence were references to the offence which the person charged is alleged to have attempted or conspired to commit or, as the case may be, the offence as respects which it is alleged that he aided, abetted, procured or was accessory to the commission thereof; and references in those paragraphs to
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LAWS OF MONTSERRAT
persons in relation to whom, or property in relation to which, the offence is alleged to have been committed shall be construed accordingly.
(4) Nothing in this section shall be construed as derogating from the provisions of any law of Montserrat restricting the prosecution of any proceedings or requiring the consent of any authority to the prosecution thereof.
(5) The Governor may by order prescribe the offences against the law of Montserrat which shall respectively be offences against the person and offences against property for the purposes of this section.
(6) Nothing in this section shall be construed as precluding a court of Montserrat from trying any person for an offence against the law of Montserrat in respect of which he has, before the date on which this Act was made, been charged before a court of Montserrat.
Courts of Montserrat not to try offences tried by service courts
4. Without prejudice to the provisions of section 3 of this Act, where a person has been tried by a service court he shall not be tried for the same crime by a court of Montserrat.
Saving of powers of arrest, etc
5. Nothing in section 3 or 4 of this Act shall affect—
(a) any powers of arrest, search, entry, seizure or custody exercisable under the law of Montserrat with respect to offences committed or believed to have been committed against that law;
(b) any obligation of any person in respect of a recognizance or bail bond entered into in consequence of his arrest, or the arrest of any other person, for such an offence; or
(c) any power of any court to remand (whether on bail or in custody) a person brought before the court in connection with such an offence.
Coroner’s inquests
6. (1) If any coroner having jurisdiction to hold an inquest touching a death is satisfied that the deceased person at the time of his death had a relevant association with Her Majesty’s forces, then, unless the Governor otherwise directs, the coroner shall not hold the inquest or, if the inquest has been begun but not completed, shall adjourn the inquest.
(2) Subject to the provisions of subsection (1) of this section, if on an inquest touching a death the coroner is satisfied—
(a) that a person who is subject to the jurisdiction of a service court has been charged before a service court with the
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LAWS OF MONTSERRAT
homicide of the deceased person, whether or not that charge has been dealt with; or
(b) that such a person is being detained by an authority of the United Kingdom with a view to being so charged,
then, unless the Governor otherwise directs the coroner shall adjourn the inquest.
(3) Where an inquest is adjourned under this section, the coroner shall not resume it except on the direction of the Governor.
(4) Where an inquest is adjourned under this section, the jury (if any) shall be discharged; and if the inquest is resumed the coroner shall proceed in all respects as if the inquest had not previously been begun except that any requirement to view the body shall not apply.
Evidence
7. (1) For the purposes of this Act, a certificate issued by or on behalf of the officer commanding Her Majesty’s forces in Montserrat, stating that at a time specified in the certificate a person so specified either was or was not a member of Her Majesty’s forces shall in any proceedings in any court of Montserrat be sufficient evidence of the fact so stated unless the contrary is proved.
(2) For the purposes of this Act, a certificate issued by or on behalf of the officer commanding Her Majesty’s forces in Montserrat, stating as respects a person specified in the certificate,—
(a) that he has been charged before a service court with the homicide of a deceased person or is detained in custody by an authority of the United Kingdom with a view to being so charged; or
(b) that he has been tried, at a time and place specified in the certificate, by a service court for a crime so specified,
shall in any proceedings in any court of Montserrat be conclusive evidence of the facts so stated.
(3) Where a person is charged with an offence against the law of Montserrat and at the time when the offence is alleged to have been committed he was a member of Her Majesty’s forces or a member of a civilian component of any of those forces, a certificate issued by or on behalf of the officer commanding Her Majesty’s forces in Montserrat, stating that the alleged offence, if committed by him, arose out of and in the course of his duty as a member of Her Majesty’s forces or that component, as the case may be, shall in any such proceedings as aforesaid be sufficient evidence of that fact unless the contrary is proved.
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Printed by the Law Revision Unit of the Government of Montserrat Authorised Printers for this revised edition