Law on Markets in Financial Instruments


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OFFICIAL TRANSLATION
 
 
Republic of Lithuania
LAW ON MARKETS IN FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
 
18 January 2007 No X-1024 Vilnius
 
CHAPTER I
GENERAL PROVISIONS
 
Article 1. Purpose of the Law
1. The purpose of this Law is to regulate public relations with a view to ensuring a fair, open and efficient functioning of markets in financial instruments, protection of investor interests and prudential treatment of systemic risk.
2. This Law has the objective of harmonising regulation of markets in financial instruments with the EU legal acts listed in the Annex to this Law.
 
Article 2. Scope of the Law
1. This Law shall set forth the requirements which financial brokerage firms and regulated markets must comply with.
2. Some requirements of this Law shall, in the cases specified by this Law, mutatis mutandis apply to licensed credit institutions providing investment services and/or performing investment activities.
3. Chapter IV of this Law shall apply to all natural and legal persons.
4. The requirements set forth in Chapter II and III of this Law shall not apply to:
1) insurance undertakings, also the undertakings performing reinsurance or retrocession activities;
2) the persons who provide investment services solely for their parent undertakings, for their subsidiaries, or for other subsidiaries of their parent undertakings;
3) the persons who provide investment services on an accidental basis in the course of professional activity as regulated by legal acts or codes of ethics which do not prohibit the provision of investment services;
4) the persons who enter into transactions solely on own account and do not provide other investment services. The exception shall not apply to market makers and the persons who enter into transactions on own account outside a regulated market or a multilateral trading facility on an organised, regular and systematic basis simultaneously providing technical possibilities for third parties to enter into transactions therewith;
5) the persons who provide investment services consisting exclusively in the administration of employee-participation investment schemes;
6) the persons who provide investment services consisting exclusively in the administration of employee-participation investment schemes and provision of investment services for the parent undertakings of that person, for subsidiaries of that person, or for other subsidiaries of the parent undertakings of the person;
7) members of the European System of Central Banks, other national bodies performing similar functions and other public bodies charged with or intervening in the management of the public debt;
8) collective investment undertakings and pension funds whether coordinated at Community level or not, also their depositaries and managers;
9) persons dealing on own account in financial instruments, or providing investment services in commodity derivatives or derivative contracts indicated in subparagraph 10 of paragraph 4 of Article 3 of this Law to the clients of their main business, provided this is an ancillary activity to their main business, when considered on a group basis, and that main business is not the provision of investment services or banking services;
10) persons providing investment advice in the course of providing another professional activity not covered by this Law provided that the provision of such advice is not specifically remunerated;
11) persons whose main business consists of dealing on own account in commodities and/or commodity derivatives. This exception shall not apply where the persons that deal on own account in commodities and/or commodity derivatives are part of a group of persons the main business of which is the provision of other investment services or banking services;
12) firms which provide investment services and/or perform investment activities consisting exclusively in dealing on own account on markets in financial futures, options or other derivatives and on cash markets for the sole purpose of hedging positions on derivatives markets, also firms which deal for the accounts of other market participants indicated in this subparagraph or make prices for them and which are guaranteed by clearing members of the same markets, where responsibility for ensuring the performance of contracts entered into by such firms is assumed by clearing members of the same markets;
13) associations set up by Danish and Finnish pension funds with the sole aim of managing the assets of pension funds that are members of those associations;
14) “agenti di cambio”, whose activities are governed by Article 201 of Italian Legislative Decree No 58 of 24 February 1998.
5. The rights conferred by this Law shall not extend to the provision of investment services as counterparty in transactions carried out by public legal persons performing the functions of public debt management, also members of the European System of Central Banks performing the functions as provided for by the Treaty of the European Economic Community and the Statute of the European System of Central Banks and of the European Central Bank or performing equivalent functions under national provisions.
6. Provisions of paragraph 5 of this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 3. Definitions
1. Home Member State:
1) in the case of a financial brokerage firm, the Member State in which the registered office of the firm is registered.  Where a financial brokerage firm established in another Member State has, under the law of that Member State, no registered office or a natural person acts in the capacity of a financial brokerage firm, the Member State in which the registered office of the firm or the natural person is situated;
2) in the case of a regulated market, the Member State in which the registered office of the regulated market is registered. Where under the law of that Member State, a regulated market in another Member State has no registered office, the Member State in which the registered office of the regulated market is situated.
2. Multilateral trading facility – a multilateral system, operated by a financial brokerage firm or a market operator, which brings together third-party buying and selling interests in financial instruments – in the system and in accordance with non-discretionary rules – in a way that results in a contract in financial instruments.
3. Subsidiary – as defined in the Law on Consolidated Accounts of Entities.
4. Financial instrument – any of the instruments listed below:
1) transferable securities;
2) money-market instruments;
3) securities of collective investment undertakings;
4) options, futures, swaps, forward rate agreements and other derivative contracts relating to securities, currencies, interest rates or yields, also other derivatives instruments, financial indices and the measures which may be settled in cash or physically;
5) options, futures, swaps, forward rate agreements and other derivative contracts relating to commodities  that must be settled in cash or may be settled in cash at the option of one of the parties (otherwise than by reason of insolvency and termination events);
6) options, futures, swaps, and other derivate contracts relating to commodities and admitted to trading on a regulated market and/or a multilateral trading facility, which can be physically settled;
7) options, futures, swaps, forwards and other derivative contracts relating to commodities, that can be physically settled not otherwise mentioned in subparagraph 6 of this paragraph and not being for commercial purposes, which have the characteristics of other derivative financial instruments, having regard to whether, inter alia, they are cleared and settled through a recognised clearing house or are subject to regular margin calls. Definition of the financial instruments as provided for in this subparagraph is specified in Commission Regulation (EC) No 1287/2006 of 10 August 2006;
8) derivative instruments for the transfer of credit risk;
9) financial contracts for differences;
10) options, futures, swaps, forward rate agreements and other derivative contracts relating to climatic variables, freight rates, emission allowances, inflation rates or other official economic statistics that must be settled in cash or may be settled in cash at the option of one of the parties (otherwise than by reason of insolvency and termination events), as well as other derivative contracts relating to assets, rights, obligations, indices and other measures not otherwise mentioned in this Section, which have the characteristics of other derivative financial instruments, having regard to whether, inter alia, they are admitted to trading on a regulated market or a multilateral trading facility, are cleared and settled through recognised clearing houses or are subject to regular margin calls. Definition of the financial instruments as provided for in this subparagraph is specified in Commission Regulation (EC) No 1287/2006 of 10 August 2006.
5. Money-market instruments – the instruments which are normally dealt in on the money market, such as treasury bills, certificates of deposit, commercial papers and others, excluding instruments of payment.
6. Financial instrument portfolio – a set of the financial instruments held an investor.
7. Financial brokerage firm – a legal person whose regular business is the provision of one or more investment services to third parties and/or the performance of one or more types of investment activities on a professional basis. It shall be possible that the financial brokerage firms established in other Member States do not have the status of a legal person.
8. Qualifying holding of a financial brokerage firm – a proportion of the capital or voting rights of a financial brokerage firm which is managed directly or indirectly and represents at least 1/10 of the capital or of the voting rights or which makes it possible to exercise a significant influence over the management of the financial brokerage firm.
9. Branch of a financial brokerage firm – a division of a financial brokerage firm other than the location of the registered office which has no legal personality and which provides only the investment services and/or performs the investment activities and may provide only the ancillary services whose provision is permitted by the licence of a financial brokerage firm. All the divisions which the financial brokerage firm has set up in the same host Member State shall be regarded as a single branch.
10. Head of a financial brokerage firm – as the head of a financial institution is defined in the Law on Financial Institutions.
11. Close links – a situation in which two or more natural or legal persons are linked by:
1) participation – at least 1/5 of the capital or voting rights of an undertaking is held directly or by way of control;
2) control – covers the relationships between a parent undertaking and a subsidiary arising on the basis of control, also other similar relationships between a natural or a legal person and an undertaking, a subsidiary undertaking of an undertaking’s subsidiary undertaking also being considered a subsidiary of the previous undertaking; 
3) permanent control links with the same person – a situation in which two or more natural or legal persons are permanently linked to one and the same person by a control relationship shall be regarded as constituting a close link between all of these persons.
12. Investment advice – a personal recommendation provided to a client at the initiative of a financial brokerage firm or the client, in respect of one or more transactions relating to financial instruments.
13. Investment services and investment activities (hereinafter referred to as “investment services”) – the following services and activities related to one or several financial instruments:
1) reception and transmission of orders;
2) execution of orders on behalf of clients;
3) dealing on own account;
4) management of a financial instrument portfolio;
5) provision of investment advice;
6) underwriting and/or placing of financial instruments on a firm commitment basis;
7) placing of financial instruments without a firm commitment basis;
8) operation of a multilateral trading facility.
14. Investor – a person holding financial instruments by the right of ownership or intending to acquire them.
15. Client – a natural or legal person to whom a financial brokerage firm provides investment services and/or ancillary services.
16. Management company of a collective investment undertaking (hereinafter referred to as “management company”) – as defined in the Law on Collective Investment Undertakings.
17. Control – as defined in the Law on Consolidated Accounts of Entities.
18. Credit institution – as defined in the Law on Financial Institutions.
19. Persons of sufficiently good repute:
1) the persons convicted of a grave or serious crime or a crime against the financial system, economy and business practice, against property, property rights and property interests;
2) the persons who have not been convicted in a crime or offence not provided for in subparagraph 1 of this paragraph or whose conviction has expired or has been annulled;
3) the persons not abusing alcohol, narcotic, toxic or psychotropic substances.
20. Non-professional client – a customer who is not attributed either to professional clients or to eligible counterparties.
21. Central counterparty – as defined in the Law on Settlement finality in Payment and Securities Settlement Systems.
22. Ancillary services:
1) safekeeping, accounting and administration of financial instruments for the account of clients, including custodianship and related services such as cash or collateral management;
2) granting a credit or a loan to an investor to allow him to carry out a transaction in one or more financial instruments, where the undertaking granting the credit or loan is involved in the transaction;
3) advice to undertakings on capital structure, industrial strategy and related matters and advice and services relating to reorganisation and the purchase of undertakings;
4) foreign exchange services where these are connected to the provision of investment services;
5) investment research, financial analysis or other forms of general recommendation relating to transactions in financial instruments;
6) services related to underwriting;
7) investment services, investment activities as well as ancillary services related to financial instruments, assets or other objects to which the derivatives indicated in subparagraphs 5, 6, 7 and 10 of paragraph 4 of this Article are related where the investment services or ancillary services provided or the investment activities performed are connected to these derivatives.
23. Parent undertaking – as defined in the Law on Consolidated Accounts of Entities.
24. Execution of orders on account of customers – acting to conclude agreements to buy and sell one or more financial instruments on  behalf of a client.
25. Transferable securities – the securities which are negotiable on the capital market, with the exception of instruments of payment, including, but not limited to, the following securities:
1) shares in companies and other securities equivalent to shares in companies, the societies operating on the basis of partnership and other entities, and depositary receipts in respect of shares;
2) bonds and other forms of non-equity securities, including depositary receipts in respect of such non-equity securities;
3) other securities giving the right to acquire or transfer transferable securities or giving rise to cash settlements determined by reference to transferable securities, currencies, interest rates, yields, commodities or other indices or measures.
26. Management of a financial instrument portfolio – managing client portfolios including one or more financial instruments in accordance with mandates given by clients on a discretionary client-by-client basis.
27. Supervisory institution – the Securities Commission of the Republic of Lithuania, also the competent authorities of other Member States performing equivalent functions.
28. Host Member State – the Member State other than the home Member State, in which a financial brokerage firm has a branch or provides investment services and/or performs investment activities without establishing a branch or the Member State in which a regulated market provides appropriate arrangements so as to facilitate access to trading on its system by remote members or participants established in that same Member State.
29. Professional customer – a client who possesses the knowledge, expertise and experience to make its own justified investment decisions, can properly assess the risks that it incurs and complies with the criteria set forth for professional customers as indicated in Section Three of Chapter II of this Law.
30. Regulated market – a multilateral system managed and/or operated by a market operator, which is licensed and functions regularly and which brings together or facilitates the bringing together of third-party buying and selling interests in financial instruments – in the system and in accordance with non-discretionary rules – in a way that results in contracts, in respect of the financial instruments admitted to trading and/or traded in this system under its rules.
31. Operator of a regulated market (hereinafter referred to as the “market operator”) – a person or persons who manages and/or operates the business of a regulated market. The market operator may be the regulated market itself.
32. Limit order – an order to buy or sell a financial instrument indicated in the order at the price limit indicated in the order or better and for the size indicated in the order.
33. Market maker – a person who holds himself out on the financial markets on a continuous basis as being willing to deal on own account and at own expense by buying and selling financial instruments at prices defined by him.
34. Dealing on own account – conclusion of transactions in one or more financial instruments on own account.
35. Financial brokerage firm engaged in systematic trade – a financial brokerage firm which, on an organised, frequent and systematic basis, deals on own account by executing client orders outside a regulated market or a multilateral trading facility.
36. Systemic risk – the likelihood of insolvency of a financial brokerage firm, a credit institution or an investor to prejudice the interests of the majority of financial brokerage firms, credit institutions or investors.
37. Foreign supervisory institution – a supervisory institution performing the functions of supervision of markets in financial instruments in a country other than a Member State.
38. Member State – a Member State of the European Union, as well as any state belonging to the European Economic Area (EEA).
39. Securities Commission – the Republic of Lithuania institution for regulation and supervision of markets in financial instruments.
40. Inside information – information of a precise nature relating, directly or indirectly, to one or more issuers or financial instruments about the major events planned or occurred and other information whose disclosure, if it were not made public, would be likely to have a significant effect on the price of these financial instruments or related derivatives. In relation to derivatives on commodities, inside information shall mean information of a precise nature which has not been made public, relating, directly or indirectly, to one or more such derivatives and which users of a market on which such instruments are traded would expect to receive in accordance with well-established market practices. For persons executing orders concerning financial instruments, inside information shall also mean information conveyed by a client and related to the client’s orders, which is of a precise nature, which relates directly or indirectly to one or more issuers or financial instruments, and which, if it were made public, would be likely to have a significant effect on the price of these financial instruments or related derivatives.
 
 
CHAPTER II
LICENSING OF FINANCIAL BROKERAGE FIRMS AND THE REQUIREMENTS SET FORTH FOR THEIR ACTIVITIES
 
SECTION ONE LICENSING OF FINANCIAL BROKERAGE FIRMS.
REQUIREMENTS FOR OBTAINING OF A LICENCE
 
Article 4. Provision of Investment Services – Licensed Activities
1. Only the financial brokerage firms holding the licence of a financial brokerage firm as issued by the Securities Commission or the supervisory institution of another Member State, also the credit institutions licensed in the Republic of Lithuania or another Member State, where the licence of a credit institution grants the right to provide investment services, and the financial adviser undertakings holding the licence of a financial adviser undertaking as issued by the Securities Commission may provide investment services in the Republic of Lithuania as a regular occupation or business on a professional basis.
2. A company holding the licence of a financial brokerage firm shall be referred to as a financial brokerage firm. Only the undertakings which have the right to provide investment services may use the words “financial brokerage firm” or other combinations of these words or their derivatives in their name and advertising. The undertakings which specialise in the management of financial instrument portfolios of other persons may use in their name the words “investment management undertaking” or other combinations and derivatives of these words.
3. Paragraph 1 of this Article shall not apply to a market operator operating a multilateral trading facility and not proposing to provide other investment services. In such a case, the licence shall not be issued to the market operator, however it shall have the right to operate a multilateral trading facility only after the Securities Commission ascertains that the market operator meets the requirements specified in this section (with the exception of Article 11 of this Law) and inform the market operator thereof.
4. A financial brokerage firm established in the Republic of Lithuania and a financial adviser undertaking must have the registered office in the Republic of Lithuania.
5. The Securities Commission shall accumulate data and information about the entities indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article as well as investment and ancillary services which they have the right to provide in the Republic of Lithuania. This information shall be updated on a continuous basis and published on the Internet site of the Securities Commission.
6. Only the undertakings which have the right to perform the activities of a financial advisor company may use the words “financial advisor company” or other combinations of these words or their derivatives in their name or advertising.
7. A financial advisor company shall have the right to provide in the Republic of Lithuania the investment services provided for in subparagraphs 1 and 5 of paragraph 13 of Article 3 of this Law regarding transferable securities and securities of collective investment undertakings, provided the company does not store funds and financial instruments of clients and cannot become a debtor of the clients due to this, and may transmit orders of clients only to:
1) the financial brokerage firms licensed in a Member State;
2) the credit institutions licensed in a Member State;
3) branches of financial brokerage firms and credit institutions established in third countries, which are subject to the requirements not less stringent than set forth in legal acts of the European Union;
4) collective investment undertakings which, in compliance with the legal acts of the Member State of their registered office, have the right to distribute to the public securities of a collective investment undertaking, also managers thereof;
5) investment companies with fixed capital as defined in paragraph 4 of Article 15 of Council Directive 77/91/EEC, the securities of which are admitted to trading on a regulated market.  
8. A financial advisory company shall mutatis mutandis be subject to the requirements specified in Chapter II of this Law as applied to financial brokerage firms, with the exception of the cases provided for in this Law and the legal acts adopted by the Securities Commission.
9. A financial advisor company shall not be subject to capital requirements, however it must insure its professional civil liability. The amount of insurance must be not less than LTL 100 000 per one insured event and LTL 500 000 for all insured events over a year.  A financial advisor company must possess insurance coverage for the entire period of its activities.
10. A financial advisor company shall have the right to provide the investment services indicated in a licence and advertise them only in the Republic of Lithuania. A financial advisor company shall not be granted the rights as specified in Section Five of Chapter II of this Law.
 
Article 5. Scope of the Licence of a Financial Brokerage Firm
1. The licence of a financial brokerage firm shall indicate the investment services which the financial brokerage firm has the right to provide. The licence may also indicate one or several ancillary services. The licence of a financial brokerage firm shall not be issued solely for the provision of ancillary services.
2. The Securities Commission shall issue the licence of a financial brokerage firm to:
1) the undertakings established in the Republic of Lithuania and intending to take up the activities of a financial brokerage firm;
2) the financial brokerage firms licensed in a country other than a Member State and intending to provide investment services in the Republic of Lithuania.
3. The credit institutions established in the Republic of Lithuania shall be granted the right to provide investment services by the licence of a credit institution, unless this activity is restricted therein. The Securities Commission shall submit to the Bank of Lithuania a conclusion about the preparedness of a credit institution to provide investment services upon establishing a specialised internal structural division.
4. A financial brokerage firm or a credit institution intending to provide investment services and/or ancillary services which have not been provided in the licence issued to it must apply to the supervisory institution which has issued the licence for supplementing the effective licence with the investment and/or ancillary services intended to be provided.
5. Peculiarities of the right of the credit institutions operating in the Republic of Lithuania to provide investment and ancillary services shall also be regulated by the laws regulating the activities of appropriate credit institutions.
 
Article 6. Procedure for Issuing a Licence
1. An undertaking aiming to obtain the licence of a financial brokerage firm must file an application with the Securities Commission. Alongside with the application, a programme of the activities to be performed (business plan), which shall, inter alia, describe the spheres of activities to be performed and the organisational structure of an undertaking, also information about a legal person, members, heads thereof, activities, meeting of capital requirements and other information specified by the Securities Commission upon considering whereof the Securities Commission could state that the undertaking meets the requirements specified in this Section for obtaining of the licence of a financial brokerage firm, must be submitted Upon the request of the Securities Commission, state and municipal institutions must supply the entire information available to them on shareholders of a candidate, their financial position, activities, detected infringements of laws and other legal acts, conclusions of conducted inspections and other information required for the taking of a decision on the issuance of a licence.
2. The Securities Commission shall issue the licence of a financial brokerage firm only upon fully ascertaining that the firm meets the requirements for the obtaining of the licence as specified in this Section.
3. The Securities Commission shall give notice of a decision on the issuance of the licence to an undertaking which has filled an application not later than within 6 months from submission of all required documents and information.
4. The Securities Commission shall have the right to require submission of additional data or clarifications. In this case, a time period for the consideration of the application shall be calculated from the day of submission of the last documents or data.
5. The Securities Commission shall give notice of the issuance or revocation of a licence to the manager of the Legal Entities’ Register and publish it in the Internet site of the Securities Commission.
 
Article 7. Grounds for a Refusal to Issue a Licence
1. The Securities Commission shall have the right to refuse to issue the licence of a financial brokerage firm where:
1) data (documents) do not meet specified requirements or the data submitted are not complete or are false;
2) heads of the firm are not of sufficiently good repute or sufficiently experienced;
3) proposed changes of heads of the firm pose a threat to the sound and transparent management of the undertaking;
4) the firm did not provide information about the firm’s shareholders, the qualifying holdings directly or indirectly managed by them and the size of these holdings;
5) there is a ground for believing that owners of the qualifying holding of the firm will not ensure the sound and transparent management of the undertaking;
6) the close links of the firm with other natural or legal persons may prevent the Securities Commission from efficiently exercising supervisory functions;
7) at least one employee of the firm is an employee of a regulated market operating in the Republic of Lithuania or the Central Securities Depository of Lithuania;
8) the owned or rented premises or equipment are not suitable for performance of the activities of provision of investment services;
9) the place of location of the standing management body of the firm established in the Republic of Lithuania is not in the territory of the Republic of Lithuania;
10) requirements of laws or other legal acts regulating the status of a third country’s natural or legal persons closely linked to the firm or implementation of these requirements may prevent the Securities Commission from efficiently exercising supervisory functions;
11) the firm does not comply with the capital requirements specified by the Securities Commission;
12) the firm has not entered into a commitment to become a member of an authorised investor compensation scheme;
13) the firm has not approved the arrangements and procedures ensuring compliance with the organisational requirements set for a financial brokerage firm.
2. The Securities Commission may refuse to issue a licence to a financial brokerage firm licensed in a country other than a Member State, where the Securities Commission has not concluded with the foreign supervisory institution the agreements which would ensure a proper supervision of activities and supply of information.  
3. A refusal to issue a licence must be motivated in writing and may be appealed against in court.
 
Article 8. Grounds for Revocation of a Licence
The Securities Commission shall have the right to revoke the licence of a financial brokerage firm issued by it where the financial brokerage firm:
1) has applied for the revocation of the licence;
2) within 12 months from the issuance of the licence, has not commenced provision of the services specified in the licence;
3) for the preceding six months, had not provided investment services and has not performed investment activities;
4) has obtained the licence by submitting false data or information or by other irregular means;
5) no longer complies with the requirements set forth for the issuance of the licence of a financial brokerage firm;
6) has seriously and systematically infringed the operating requirements for a financial brokerage firm as set forth in this Law;
7) is incapable of discharging duties according to its obligations or there is evidence that it will not be able to do that in the future;
8) falls within other cases specified by laws.
 
Article 9. Heads of a Financial Brokerage Firm
1. Heads of a financial brokerage firm must be of sufficiently good repute and sufficiently experienced so as to ensure the sound and transparent management of the financial brokerage firm.
2. Where the market operator that seeks authorisation to administer a multilateral trading facility and the persons that direct the business of the multilateral trading facility to be administered by it are the same as those that direct the business of the regulated market, these persons shall be deemed to comply with the requirements laid down in paragraph 1 of this Article.
3. A financial brokerage firm licensed in the Republic of Lithuania must give advance notice to the Securities Commission of all future changes to the heads of the firm, along with submitting to the Securities Commission the specified information needed to assess whether the new heads elected or planned to be elected comply with the requirements of sufficiently good repute and sufficient experience. A financial brokerage firm’s new heads elected may assume office only upon approval of their candidatures by the Securities Commission.
4. The Securities Commission shall have the right not to approve the candidatures of newly elected heads if the elected heads are not of sufficiently good repute, do not possess sufficient experience, or if there are other objective grounds for believing that the planned changes to the heads of the firm pose a threat to the sound and transparent management of the firm. The Securities Commission shall take a decision on the suitability of candidatures of the newly elected heads not later than within one month from the receipt of all required documents.
5. A financial brokerage firm must have in place a single-person management body – the head of a company and a collegial management body – the Board.
 
Article 10. Shareholders of a Financial Brokerage Firm
1. A natural or legal person that proposes to acquire or increase, directly or indirectly, the qualifying holding of a financial brokerage firm already held by him, where in consequence of a proposed acquisition of the firm’s shares the proportion of the voting rights or of the capital that he holds would reach or exceed in the increasing order 20%, 33% or 50% or the firm would become a subsidiary of that legal person, must obtain a prior consent of the Securities Commission.
2. The person must give prior notice to the Securities Commission of a proposed acquisition of the qualifying holding of the firm and submit supporting documents as well as other information specified by the Securities Commission. The Securities Commission must be notified in accordance with the same procedure if a person proposes to transfer or reduce the qualifying holding of a financial brokerage firm belonging to him, where in consequence of the proposed disposal of the firm’s shares the proportion of the voting rights or capital that the person holds would reach or exceed in the decreasing order 20%, 33% or 50% or the firm would cease to be a subsidiary of that legal person.
3. Upon the receipt of a notification of a proposed acquisition or increase of the qualifying holding of a financial brokerage firm, the Securities Commission must, not later than within 3 months from the receipt of the notification, take a decision on the granting of consent to acquire or increase the qualifying holding of the financial brokerage firm.  The Securities Commission shall refuse to grant the consent where there are justified doubts that the persons who propose to acquire or increase the qualifying holding of a firm already held by them will be capable of ensuring the sound and transparent management of the firm. The Securities Commission shall have the right to require submission of additional documents and information about the proposed acquisition or increase of the qualifying holding of a financial brokerage firm; in such a case, the time limit of 3 months shall be calculated from the submission of all required documents and information to the Securities Commission.
4. Where the Securities Commission grants consent to a person to acquire or increase the qualifying holding of a financial brokerage firm, it may lay down a time limit for implementation of the proposed acquisition or increase of the qualifying holding of the financial brokerage firm.
5. The Securities Commission shall not grant consent to acquire or increase the qualifying holding of a financial brokerage firm where:
1) a person (or, the heads and controllers of a legal person) is not of sufficiently good repute;
2) the person is an employee of the operator of a regulated market, the Securities Commission or the Central Securities Depository of Lithuania;
3) the person has not supplied any information about its activities and financial position;
4) the legal person has not supplied any information about its participants;
5) the person has not submitted the documents evidencing that the funds to pay for the shares have been obtained legitimately;
6) the person’s financial position is not sound and stable;
7) the granting of the consent would result in such a close link which would constitute a ground for the refusal to issue the licence of the financial brokerage firm;
8) there are other grounds raising justified doubts that the persons who propose to acquire or increase the qualifying holding of the financial brokerage firm will be capable of ensuring the sound and transparent management of the firm.
6. A refusal of the Securities Commission to allow the acquisition or increase of the qualifying holding of a financial brokerage firm must reasoned in writing and may be appealed against to court.
7. Where a person who proposes to acquire the qualifying holding of a financial brokerage firm is a financial brokerage firm, credit institution, insurance undertaking, management company of a collective investment undertaking or the parent undertaking or controlling person of any of these entities licensed in another Member State, and the financial brokerage firm would become the acquirer’s subsidiary or come under his control after acquisition of the qualifying holding, the Securities Commission shall, prior to taking a decision on the granting of the consent to acquire or increase the qualifying holding of the financial brokerage firm, consult with the supervisory institution of another Member State in accordance with the procedure laid down by Article 17 of this Law.
8. Where a financial brokerage firm becomes aware of the acquisition or disposal of its shares that cause the blocks of shares held by shareholders of the firm to exceed the thresholds specified in paragraph 1 of this Article in the increasing or decreasing order, it must give notice thereof to the Securities Commission without delay.
9. A financial brokerage firm must, at least once a year, inform the Securities Commission of the shareholders of the firm that have a qualifying holding in the firm and the amounts of the qualified holdings held by them. The information shall be submitted according to the data available on the day of the annual general meeting of shareholders, and where shares of the firm are admitted to trading on a regulated market – as a result of compliance with the requirements of legal acts applicable to companies whose securities are traded on a regulated market.
10. Where the influence exercised by the persons referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article poses a threat to the sound and transparent management of a financial brokerage firm, the Securities Commission must take measures to put an end to this situation. To this end, the Securities Commission shall have the right to issue compulsory instructions and impose the sanctions specified in this Law against the heads and other persons responsible for management of the firm.
11. All the shares held by a person who has acquired the qualifying holding of a financial brokerage firm or increased the qualifying holding exceeding the thresholds provided for in this Article without a prior consent of the Securities Commission or in breach of the time limit laid down on the basis of paragraph 3 of this Article shall be divested of the voting right at the general meeting of shareholders.  The voting right shall be acquired anew upon receipt of the consent of the Securities Commission.
 
Article 11. Membership of an Authorised Investor Compensation System
1. An undertaking seeking to obtain the licence of a financial brokerage firm must insure the undertaking’s liabilities to investors in accordance with the procedure laid down by the Law on Insurance of Deposits and Liabilities to Investors.
2. Provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 12. Capital Requirements
An undertaking seeking to obtain the licence of a financial brokerage firm must meet capital requirements. Capital requirements shall be set forth by the Securities Commission.
 
Article 13. Organisational Requirements
1. A financial brokerage firm must establish adequate business organisation policies and procedures sufficient to ensure compliance of the financial brokerage firm, heads, employees and agents thereof with the requirements set forth by this Law and the rules governing personal transactions by the heads, employees and agents of the financial brokerage firm.
2. A financial brokerage firm must maintain and operate effective organisational and administrative arrangements designed to prevent conflicts of interest from adversely affecting the interests of its clients.
3. A financial brokerage firm must take appropriate steps to ensure continuity and regularity in the provision of investment services. To this end a financial brokerage firm must employ and use appropriate systems, resources and procedures.
4. A financial brokerage firm must, when relying on a third party for the performance of such functions of the firm which are critical for the continuous and satisfactory provision of investment services and the performance of investment activities on a continuous and satisfactory basis, take reasonable steps to avoid undue additional operational risk. Outsourcing of important functions of the firm may not undertaken where this could impair materially the quality of the internal control of the financial brokerage firm or the possibilities of the Securities Commission to exercise efficient supervision.
5. A financial brokerage firm must have sound administrative and accounting procedures, an internal control mechanism, effective procedures for risk assessment, effective control and safeguard arrangements for information processing systems.
6. A financial brokerage firm must ensure the storage of the documents of investment services and transactions undertaken to enable the Securities Commission to exercise efficient supervision, and in particular in the cases when it must be ascertained that the financial brokerage firm has complied with the duties as specified in this Law with respect to the firm’s clients and potential clients.  
7. A financial brokerage firm must, when holding the financial instruments belonging to clients, make arrangements so as to safeguard clients’ ownership rights, especially in the event of the financial brokerage firm’s insolvency. A financial brokerage firm must keep separate accounts of its own and each client’s financial instruments.  A financial brokerage firm shall not have the right to use a client’s financial instruments except with the client’s express consent.
8. A financial brokerage firm must, when holding funds belonging to clients, make arrangements so as to safeguard the clients’ ownership rights and prevent the unlawful use of client funds. The prohibition to use a client’s funds shall not apply to licensed credit institutions. A financial brokerage firm must hold clients’ funds in a credit institution on grounds of trust separately from own funds. The clients’ funds transferred to a financial brokerage firm for the buying of financial instruments and the clients’ funds upon selling of a client’s financial instruments shall be the property of the client against which no execution may be levied according to debts of the financial brokerage firm.  
9. When investment services are provided by a branch of a financial brokerage firm established in another Member State, the Securities Commission shall, without prejudice to the right of the supervisory institution of the home Member State of the firm to have direct access to the documents indicated in paragraph 6 of this Article, supervise compliance of the branch with the duties specified in paragraph 6 of this Article.
10. The requirements set forth in paragraph 6 of this Article shall be implemented in compliance with the rules specified by Commission Regulation (EC) No 1287/2006 of 10 August 2006.
11. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 14. Brokers
1. A broker can be a natural person holding a licence issued by the Securities Commission and granting the right to effect one or more operations provided for brokers.
2. A person applying for the licence of a broker must pass the examinations organised by the Securities Commission or submit to this commission a qualification document recognised by it. The Securities Commission shall have the right to set forth education and professional requirements for the candidates. The broker’s licence may not be issued to a person who is not of good repute.
3. The Securities Commission shall have the right to revoke the broker’s licence where:
1) at his own request;
2) in the event of the broker’s decease;
3) where the broker did not commenced, during 12 months, the professional activities provided for in the rules for issuance of financial brokers’ licences as approved by the Securities Commission and related to the market in financial instruments or supervision thereof or where it no longer performs the activities for over 12 months;
4) if the facts that would have precluded the issuance of the licence transpire after the issuance of the licence;
5) where the conditions that preclude the broker from being considered as of good repute arise;
6) where the broker does not comply with this Law or the legal acts adopted by the Securities Commission.
4. Revocation of the broker’s licence shall allow to revoke the licence of a financial brokerage firm in which this broker works where the firm no longer satisfies the conditions according whereto the licence was issue to it.
5. The Securities Commission shall, on a periodical basis, but not more than once per year, have the right to organise re-evaluation of a broker where his clients’ complaints prove to be justified or verification data raise doubts regarding the appropriateness of his qualification. Based on the results of the re-evaluation, the number of the operations which may be effected by the broker may be reduced, and where it is established that the broker has completely lost his qualification or does not participate in the re-evaluation – his licence may be revoked.
6. The Securities Commission shall publish the fact of the issuance or revocation of the broker’s licence not later than within 3 working days.
 
Article 15. Audit of Financial Brokerage Firms
The procedure for performing the audit of financial brokerage firms, requirements for the auditor and audit firm, duties and responsibility of the auditor and audit firms shall be regulated by the Law on Audit, the Law on Financial Institutions and Article 83 of this Law.
 
Article 16. Additional Requirements for Financial Brokerage Firms and Market Operators Operating a Multilateral Trading Facility
1. The financial brokerage firms and the market operators operating a multilateral trading facility must, in addition to the requirements set forth in Article 13 of this Law, approve transparent and non-discretionary rules for fair and orderly trading and establish objective criteria for the efficient execution of orders.
2. Financial brokerage firms and market operators operating a multilateral trading facility must approve the transparent rules regarding the criteria for determining the financial instruments that can be admitted to trading under that system.
3. Financial brokerage firms and market operators operating a multilateral trading facility must ensure publication of the information on the basis whereof members of the multilateral trading facility could make informed investment decisions, taking into account the position of the members of the multilateral trading facility on the market and the types of the financial instruments traded in that facility.
4. The requirements set forth in Articles 22, 24 and 25 of this Law shall not be applicable to the transactions concluded under the rules governing the operation of a multilateral trading facility where only members of or participants in that facility or only the facility itself and members of or participants in it participate in the conclusion of a transaction.  However, the members of or participants in the multilateral trading facility must comply with the requirements set forth in Articles 22, 24 and 25 of this Law with respect to their clients when, acting on behalf of a client, they execute his orders through the multilateral trading facility.
5. Financial brokerage firms and market operators operating a multilateral trading facility must approve and maintain the rules based on objective criteria and setting forth requirements for the market participants seeking to become members of the facility. These rules must comply with the requirements set forth in paragraph 3 of Article 56 of this Law.
6. Financial brokerage firms and market operators operating a multilateral trading facility must supply to members of the facility the entire required information about their duties for the settlement of the transactions concluded under the facility. Financial brokerage firms and market operators operating a multilateral trading facility must put in place the effective arrangements or conclude the necessary agreements to facilitate the efficient settlement of the transactions concluded under the facility, including agreements with a central counterparty as well as a clearing and settlement system.
7. Where the transferable securities which have been admitted to trading on a regulated market are traded in a multilateral trading facility without the consent of the issuer, the issuer of these securities shall not be subject to requirements relating to initial, ongoing and ad hoc information disclosure with regard to that facility.
8. Financial brokerage firms and market operators operating a multilateral trading facility must comply immediately with instructions of the Securities Commission to suspend or remove financial instruments from trading.
9. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 17. Mutual Consultations of Supervisory Institutions prior to Issuance of the Licence of a Financial Brokerage Firm
1. Prior to issuing the licence of a financial brokerage firm, the Securities Commission shall request the opinion of the supervisory institution of another Member State where an undertaking seeking to obtain the licence of a financial brokerage firm is:
1) a subsidiary of the financial brokerage firm or credit institution licensed in another Member State;
2) a subsidiary of the parent undertaking of the financial brokerage firm or credit institution licensed in another Member State;
3) controlled by the same natural or legal persons that control the financial brokerage firm or credit institution licensed in another Member State.
2. Prior to issuing the licence of a financial brokerage firm, the Securities Commission shall request the opinion of the supervisory institution exercising supervision of the credit institutions or insurance undertakings of another Member State where a financial brokerage firm seeking to obtain the licence is:
1) a subsidiary of a credit institution or an insurance undertaking licensed in the European Community;
2) a subsidiary of the parent undertaking of a credit institution or an insurance undertaking licensed in the European Community;
3) controlled by the same natural or legal persons that control the credit institution or insurance undertaking licensed in the European Community.
3. The Securities Commission shall request the opinion of the supervisory institutions indicated in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article when assessing the suitability of holders of the qualifying holding in an undertaking seeking to obtain the licence and the repute as well as experience of heads of the undertakings belonging to the same group. The Securities Commission shall exchange the information required for assessment of the suitability of shareholders, also assessment of the repute and suitability of heads of the undertakings belonging to the same group of undertakings both prior to issuing the licence of a financial brokerage firm and later when exercising supervision of compliance with requirements for the operation of the financial brokerage firm.
 
Article 18. Powers of the Securities Commission in Specifying a Procedure for Licensing Financial Brokerage Firms and Financial Advisor Companies and Requirements for Obtaining of the Licence
In specifying provisions of this Section, the Securities Commission shall determine:
1) the procedure for issuing and revoking the licences of financial brokerage firms;
2) the procedure for issuing and revoking the licences of brokers;
3) the procedure for giving notices of the acquisition or disposal of the qualifying holding of a financial brokerage firm and notices of exceeding of the thresholds of the voting rights provided by the shares as specified in this Law;
4) capital requirements for financial brokerage firms;
5) the rules of organisation of activities of financial brokerage firms specifying the organisational requirements as set forth in Article 13 of this Law;
6) the rules of issuance of licences of financial advisor companies and revocation thereof as well as organisation and pursuit of business.
 
SECTION TWO
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE OPERATION OF FINANCIAL BROKERAGE FIRMS
 
Article 19. Duty of a Financial Brokerage Firm to Comply at All Times with Requirements for Obtaining of a Licence
1. The financial brokerage firms licensed in the Republic of Lithuania must comply at all times with the requirements set forth by this Law for obtaining of the licence of a financial brokerage firm.  
2. Compliance with the duty specified in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be supervised by the Securities Commission. A financial brokerage firm must notify the Securities Commission of all material changes to the circumstances present at the time of issuance of the licence.
3. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 20. Duty to Comply at All Times with Requirements for the Operation of a Financial Brokerage Firm and Supply Periodical Information
1. The financial brokerage firms licensed in the Republic of Lithuania and providing investment services in the Republic of Lithuania, also the branches of the financial brokerage firms licensed in another Member State and providing investment services in the Republic of Lithuania must comply at all times with the requirements as set forth in this Section for the operation of a financial brokerage firm.
2. Compliance with the duty specified in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be supervised by the Securities Commission. In performing the supervisory functions, the Securities Commission shall exercise the rights granted in Article 72 of this Law.
3. Financial brokerage firms must, in accordance with the procedure and in the cases specified by the Securities Commission, submit a report on calculation of capital adequacy, interim accounts, operation report and other documents specified by the Securities Commission.
4. Financial brokerage firms must, in the cases and in accordance with the procedure specified by the Securities Commission, disclose to the public information about their activities.
5. The duties established in paragraphs 3 and 4 of this Article shall be specified by the Securities Commission.
6. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 21. Duty to Avoid Conflicts of Interest
1. A financial brokerage firm must take all required steps to identify conflicts of interest between the firm, heads, employees, agents thereof, also other persons directly or indirectly linked to the firm by control and clients of the firm or only between the clients of the firm, when the conflicts of interest arise in the course of providing investment services, ancillary services, or a combination thereof.
2. Where measures made by a financial brokerage firm in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 13 of this Law are not sufficient to ensure prevention of damage to client interests, the financial brokerage firm must clearly disclose the content and source of the conflict of interest to a client before commencing the provision of investment and/or ancillary services.
3. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 22. Duties of a Financial Brokerage Firm in Providing Investment Services to a Client
1. When providing investment services and/or ancillary services to a client, a financial brokerage firm must act honestly, fairly and professionally under the conditions best to the client and in interests thereof and comply with the requirements set forth in this Article.
2. All information which a financial brokerage firm supplies to clients and/or potential clients, including marketing communications about the activities of the firm and the services provided, must be fair, clear and not misleading. Marketing communications must be clearly identifiable as such.
3. A financial brokerage firm must clearly and comprehensible supply to clients and potential clients all the required information on the basis whereof they would be able to understand the essence of the investment services and financial instruments that are being offered as well as the risk typical thereof and to take investment decisions on an informed basis. Information may be provided in a standardised format.
4. When implementing the requirements set forth in paragraph 3 of this Article, a financial brokerage firm must supply information about:
1) the firm and the services provided by it;
2) financial instruments and proposed investment strategy, including guidance on and warning of the risk which is typical of certain investment strategies or investments in certain financial instruments;
3) venues of execution of client orders;
4) costs of execution of an order and other payments.
5. Prior to commencing the provision to a client of the investment services covering the provision of investment advice and/or management of a financial instrument portfolio, a financial brokerage firm must collect information regarding the client’s or potential client’s:
1) knowledge and experience in the investment field relevant to specific investment services or financial instruments;
2) financial situation;
3) investment objectives.
6. Upon collecting and assessing the information indicated in paragraph 5 of this Article, a financial brokerage firm must recommend to the client or potential client specific the investment services and financial instruments that would best meet the interests of the client.
7. Prior to commencing the provision of the investment services other than those referred to in paragraphs 5 and 10 of this Article, a financial brokerage firm must offer to a client or potential client to provide information regarding his knowledge and experience in the investment field relevant to specific investment services or financial instruments offered by the financial brokerage firm or demanded by the client or potential client himself. On the basis of the information received, the financial brokerage firm must assess whether specific investment services and financial instruments are appropriate for the client.
8. In the case a financial brokerage firm considers, upon assessing the information indicated in paragraph 7 of this Article, that an investment service or financial instrument is not appropriate to a specific client or potential client, it must warn the client or potential client. The warning may also be provided in a standardised format.
9. In cases where a client or potential client refuses to provide the information referred to in paragraph 7 of this Article or provides insufficient information regarding his knowledge and experience in the investment field, a financial brokerage firm must warn the client or potential client that the client’s refusal to provide the required information or provision of insufficient required information does not allow the financial brokerage firm to determine whether specific investment services and financial instruments are appropriate for the client. This warning may also be provided in a standardised format.
10. A financial brokerage firm providing investment services that only consist of execution of orders on account of clients and/or the reception and transmission of orders, irrespective of whether it provides ancillary services, may provide these services without collecting information regarding the client’s knowledge and experience in the investment field and without assessing whether specific investment services or financial instruments are appropriate for the client, provided that all the following conditions are met:
1) investment services relate to shares admitted to trading on a regulated market or in an equivalent third country market, also money market instruments, bonds or other forms of securitised debt, excluding these bonds and other forms of securitised debt that embed a derivative, the securities issued by collective investment undertakings and other non-complex financial instruments;
2) an investment service is provided at the initiative of the client or potential client;
3) the client or potential client has been warned that the financial brokerage firm providing investment services is under no duty to assess the suitability for the client of financial instruments and the investment services provided or offered, therefore the client is not under the protection of the interests of a client as specified in this Law and provided for in the provision of other investment services.  Such a warning may be provided in a standardised format;
4) the financial brokerage firm complies with the requirements set forth in Article 21 of this Law to avoid conflicts of interest.
11. A financial brokerage firm must keep the documents establishing the contractual relations of the firm and a client and their mutual rights and duties as well as other terms and conditions of the provision of investment services. The mutual rights and duties of the parties may be specified by reference to other documents or legal acts.
12. A financial brokerage firm must provide to a client adequate reports on the services provided to him. These reports must supply information about the costs associated with the entering into transactions and provision of services to the client.
13. In cases where an investment service is provided as part of a financial product which is subject to the legal acts of the European Community governing risk assessment of clients or supply of information or common European standards related to credit institutions or consumer credits, the requirements as set forth by this Article shall not apply.
14. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 23. Provision of Investment Services through the Medium of Another Financial Brokerage Firm
1. A financial brokerage firm shall have the right, upon the receipt of an instruction of another financial brokerage firm (mediation undertaking) to provide investment and/or ancillary services to a client of the mediation undertaking, to rely on the information about the client transmitted by the mediation undertaking (including the information about the client’s knowledge and experience in the investment field, the client’s financial situation, the objectives which the client is aiming to attain by using investment services, etc.).  The undertaking which mediates the instruction shall be responsible for the accuracy and completeness of the information transmitted.
2. A financial brokerage firm shall have the right, upon the receipt of an assignment to provide investment services to a client of a mediation undertaking, to act on the basis of recommendations regarding the financial instruments and investment services which the mediation undertaking has provided to the client. The undertaking which mediates the instruction shall be responsible for the appropriateness of the recommendations provided to the client.
3. The financial brokerage firm which has received an assignment of a mediation undertaking shall be responsible for the provision of an investment services and/or entering into a transaction in accordance with the procedure laid down by this Section, where the service is provided or the transaction is entered into on the basis of information or recommendations as specified in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article.
4. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 24. Duty to Execute Client Orders on Terms Most Favourable to the Client
1. A financial brokerage firm must, when executing a client’s order, act to obtain the best possible result for the client taking into account the price of financial instruments, the costs of execution of the order, likelihood of execution of the order and settlements, the size, nature of the order and other considerations relevant to the execution of the order. However, if the client submits to the financial brokerage firm a specific order, such an order of the client must be executed strictly and without deviations from the terms and conditions specified in the order.
2. In discharging the duty specified in paragraph 1 of this Article, a financial brokerage firm must approve and implement an order execution policy, according whereto a client’s order would be executed on the terms most favourable to the client, also have and use the effective arrangements intended for the implementation of the order execution policy.
3. The order execution policy must indicate information on the venues of execution of client orders (separately for each type of financial instruments) and the reasons determining the choice of the venues of execution of the orders. The order execution policy must at least indicate the venues of execution of the orders that enable a financial brokerage firm to obtain on a consistent basis the best result for a client.
4. A financial brokerage firm must thoroughly familiarise clients with the order execution policy approved by the firm. Prior to commencing the execution of client orders, a financial brokerage firm must obtain the prior consent of the client to the order execution policy.
5. Where the order execution policy stipulates that client orders may be executed outside a regulated market or a multilateral trading facility, a financial brokerage firm must additionally inform a client about this possibility. The financial brokerage firm must obtain the prior express consent of the client before proceeding to execute a client order outside the regulated market or the multilateral trading system. This consent may be either in the form of a general agreement or in respect of individual transactions.
6. A financial brokerage firm must monitor on a regular basis the effectiveness of its order execution policy and, in the event of identification of deficiencies therein, correct them without delay.  The financial brokerage firm must monitor and analyse on a regular basis whether the venues of execution of orders provided for in the order execution policy enable to obtain the best result for a client and whether the order execution policy needs to be improved. The financial brokerage firm must notify clients of all material changes to its order execution policy.
7. A financial brokerage firm must prove to a client, at the request of the client, that his order has been executed in accordance with the order execution policy.
8. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 25. Other Requirements for Execution of Client Orders
1. Before proceeding to execute client orders on their behalf, a financial brokerage firm must approve and implement arrangements and procedures which ensure the prompt, fair and expeditious execution of the client orders, relative to the orders of other clients or the trading interests of the financial brokerage firm. These arrangements and procedures must ensure the execution of otherwise comparable client orders in accordance with the time of their reception by the financial brokerage firm.
2. Where a client submits a limit order in respect of shares admitted to trading on a regulated market which is not immediately executed under prevailing market conditions, a financial brokerage firm is, unless the client instructs otherwise, to take measures to facilitate the earliest possible execution of the order by making public immediately that this client limit order in a manner which is easily accessible to other market participants. This duty shall be considered to have been discharged where the client limit order is transmitted for execution to the regulated market and/or multilateral trading facility.
3. The duty provided for in paragraph 2 of this Article shall not apply where a client limit order is large in scale compared with normal market size as determined in paragraph 3 of Article 58 of this Law.
4. A spouse’s authorisation to enter into transactions in the financial instruments which belong by the right of joint ownership to the spouses and which are publicly offered and/or which are traded on a regulated market and/or multilateral trading facility may be issued in a simple written form.
5. The requirements set forth in this Article shall be implemented in compliance with the rules specified by Commission Regulation (EC) No 1287/2006 of 10 August 2006.
6. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 26. Powers of the Securities Commission in Specifying the Requirements Set Forth for the Operation of Financial Brokerage Firms
In specifying provisions of this Section, the Securities Commission shall approve:
1) rules for avoiding and managing conflicts of interest;
2) rules for providing investment services and receiving and executing client orders.
 
SECTION THREE
PROVISION OF INVESTMENT SERVICES TO PROFESSIONAL CLIENTS AND ELIGIBLE PARTIES TO A TRANSACTION
 
Article 27. Professional Clients not Subject to a Separate Declaration
1. Professional clients not subject to a separate declaration shall be:
1) licensed and/or otherwise supervised entities operating in financial markets – credit institutions, financial brokerage firms, other licensed and/or supervised financial institutions, insurance undertakings, collective investment undertakings and their management companies, pension funds and their management companies, commodity and commodity derivatives dealers, the persons trading in futures on own account and other institutional investors. The professional clients indicated in this subparagraph shall include the entities licensed and/or supervised in the Member States of the European Union and third countries;
2) large undertakings meeting at least two of the following criteria: the balance sheet total – not less than EUR 20 000 000; net turnover – not less than EUR 40 000 000; own funds – not less than EUR 2 000 000;
3) governments and municipalities of countries, entities that manage public debt, Central Banks, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the European Central Bank, the European Investment Bank and other similar international and interstate institutions;
4) other institutional investors whose main activity is to invest in financial instruments, including entities dedicated to the securitisation of assets or participate in other financing transactions.
2. Prior to provision of investment and/or ancillary services to any of the persons indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article, a financial brokerage firm must inform it that, on the basis of the information available to the financial brokerage firm, such a person is deemed to be a professional client, and it shall not be applied certain investor protection measures, with the exception of the cases when the financial brokerage firm and the client agree otherwise.
3. The professional clients indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article may be, at their choice, not applied all or a part of the investor protection measures indicated in Articles 22 and 24 as well as paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 25 of this Law.
4. A financial brokerage firm must inform a professional client that it has the right to request a variation of the terms of an agreement on the provision of investment services in order to secure a higher degree of protection of the client’s interests.
5. The entities indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article shall have the right to apply to a financial brokerage firm and relinquish their status as a professional client. In such a case, the financial brokerage firm must apply to them all investor protection measures applicable to non-professional clients.
6. A client of a financial brokerage firm, considered to be a professional client, shall be responsible for the choice of the investor protection regime applicable to it when, in its opinion, it is unable to properly assess and manage the investment-related risk.
7. The higher level of investor protection shall be applied to a professional client from the signature and entry into force of a written agreement between a financial brokerage firm and a client stipulating that the client will not be treated as a professional in respect of the investor protection measures provided for by this Law. Such agreement should specify whether this applies to one or more services and transactions, also to one or more types of financial instruments or transactions.  
8. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 28. Persons Who May be Treated as Professional Clients
1. The clients of a financial brokerage firm not indicated in Article 27 of this Law, also other public legal persons and private investors may, in accordance with the procedure laid down by this Article and at their choice, be not applied all or a part of the investor protections indicated in Articles 22 and 24 of this Law as well as paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 25 where they are treated as professional clients provided the investors meet the criteria set out in paragraph 3 of this Article and the procedures laid down in this Article are complied with.
2. It shall be allowed not to apply any of investor protections to a person treated as a professional client only in the case when upon assessment of  knowledge, expertise and experience of the client and in light of the nature of the services planned to be provided or the transactions planned to be entered into, a financial brokerage firm can be reasonably assured that the client is capable of making investment decisions and assess the risks involved in an independent and informed way.    It shall be presumed that the clients treated as professional clients do not possess knowledge and experience comparable to that of the professional clients indicated in Article 27 of this Law. Knowledge and experience may be assessed by means of a fitness test, which shall be applied to heads of financial institutions. In the case of small undertakings, the person authorised to enter into transactions on behalf of an undertaking must also be subject to the assessment.
3. In order to treat a person as a professional client, as a minimum, two of the following criteria must be satisfied:
1) the client has entered into transactions, in significant size, on the relevant market at an average frequency of 10 per quarter over the previous four quarters of the year;
2) the size of the client’s financial instrument portfolio, including cash deposits, exceeds EUR 500 000;
3) the client works or has worked in the financial sector at least for one year in a professional position, which requires knowledge of the services to be provided to the client or the transactions to be entered into.
4. It shall be possible for the clients meeting the criteria indicated in paragraph 3 of this Article not to be applied some investor protections provided that:
1) the client has stated in writing to a financial brokerage firm that he wishes to be treated as a professional client, either for the reason of all the services provided and the transactions entered into or only for the reason of certain services and the transactions entered into, or types of transactions or financial instruments;
2) a financial brokerage firm has clearly stated in writing to the client the investor protections (including investor compensation arrangements) which shall not be applied to him;
3) the client has confirmed in writing, in a separate document, that he has familiarised himself with and is aware of the consequences of the waiver of certain investor protections.
5. Before starting to treat a person as a professional client and discontinuing application to him of some investor protections, a financial brokerage firm must ascertain that the client meets the requirements set forth in this Law.
6. A financial brokerage firm must approve internal policies and procedures to categorise the firm’s clients. A person treated as a professional client must inform a financial brokerage firm about changes in the information on the basis whereof the client has been attributed to a certain category of clients. Where a financial brokerage firm becomes aware that a client no longer fulfils the conditions according to which he has been treated as a professional client, the financial brokerage firm must take appropriate action and apply to the client all investor protections.
7. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 29. Transactions with Eligible Counterparties
1. A financial brokerage firm executing orders on behalf of clients and/or dealing on own account and/or receiving and transmitting client orders shall have the right to enter into transactions or mediate in the entering into the transaction with eligible counterparties without complying with the duties specified in Articles 22 and 24 as well as paragraphs 2 and 3 of Article 25 of this Law in respect of the transactions entered into and the ancillary services directly related to these transactions.
2. For the purposes of this Article, eligible counterparties shall be the financial brokerage firms, credit institutions, insurance undertakings, collective investment undertakings and their management companies, pension funds and their management companies, other financial institutions licensed or supervised in the European Community or individual Member States, the entities indicated in subparagraphs 11 and 12 of paragraph 4 of Article 2 of this Law which are not subject to Chapters II and III of this Law, governments of the Member States and the entities authorised by them that manage public debt, also central banks and interstate organisations.
3. Attribution of a person to the category of eligible counterparties shall not be without prejudice to the right of this person to request application to him of all non-professional investor protections, including those specified in Articles 22, 24 and 25 of this Law. Such a request may be on a general form or on a trade-by-trade basis.
4. Other entities meeting the criteria set out by the Securities Commission may also be recognised as eligible counterparties. Where the prospective counterparties are located in different jurisdictions, a financial brokerage firm shall defer to the status of the entities as determined by the legal acts of a Member State in which a counterparty is established.
5. Prior to entering into a transaction with an eligible counterparty or mediating in the entering into such a transaction, a financial brokerage firm must obtain the express confirmation from the counterparty that it agrees to be treated as an eligible counterparty. This consent may be in the form of a general agreement or in respect of each individual transaction.
6. Third country entities may also be recognised as eligible counterparties, provided they perform similar functions and/or activities similar to those indicated in paragraph 2 of this Article. Other third country entities may also be recognised as eligible counterparties, provided they meet the criteria set out in paragraph 4 of this Article.
7. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 30. Powers of the Securities Commission in Specifying the Procedure for Providing Investment Services to Separate Categories of Clients
In specifying provisions of this Section, the Securities Commission shall lay down the rules regulating the peculiarities of provision of investment services to professional clients and eligible counterparties.
 
SECTION FOUR
MARKET TRANSPARENCY REQUIREMENTS FOR FINANCIAL BROKERAGE FIRMS
 
Article 31. Duty of Financial Brokerage Firms to Uphold Integrity of Markets, Report the Transactions Entered into and Maintain Records
1. Financial brokerage firms must act honestly, fairly, professionally and in a manner so that their activities would provide conditions for ensuring of the integrity of markets in financial instruments.
2. A financial brokerage firm must keep, for at least 10 years, all the data and documents relating to the transactions in financial instruments which the firm has entered into on behalf of clients or on own account so that it could forthwith submit them to the Securities Commission where necessary. Where transactions are entered into on behalf of clients, the records must additionally contain data of a client’s identity and the documents evidencing it as well as the data and information required by the Law on Prevention of Money Laundering.
3. Having entered into a transaction in the financial instruments admitted to trading on a regulated market, a financial brokerage firm must forthwith, no later than the end of the following working day, give to the Securities Commission a notice of the transaction entered into in accordance with the procedure laid down by the Securities Commission. This duty shall apply whether or not the transaction has been entered into on a regulated market. The Securities Commission shall ensure that information about the transactions entered into is forwarded also to the supervisory institution of the most relevant market in terms of liquidity for the financial instrument.
4. The notice indicated in paragraph 3 of this Article must include information about the financial instrument which is the subject of the transaction, quantity thereof, date and time of the entering into the transaction, the transaction price, also data about the financial brokerage firm giving the notice.
5. A notice about a transaction entered into may be given by a financial brokerage firm, a third party acting on its behalf, a trade-matching or reporting system approved by the Securities Commission, also by a regulated market or a multilateral trading facility wherein the transaction has been entered into.  In cases where the transactions entered into are reported directly by a regulated market, a multilateral trading facility or a trade-matching or reporting system approved by the Securities Commission, the duty specified in paragraph 3 of this Article shall be deemed to have been discharged.
6. Where a branch of a financial brokerage firm licensed in another Member State, which is established in the Republic of Lithuania, gives a notice to the Securities Commission of a transaction entered into, the Securities Commission shall transmit such a notice to the supervisory institution of that financial brokerage firm, unless it declares that it does not want to receive such notices.
7. The requirements set forth in this Article shall be implemented in compliance with the rules specified by Commission Regulation (EC) No 1287/2006 of 10 August 2006.
8. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 32. Supervision of Compliance with the Rules of Activities of a Multilateral Trading Facility and with Other Specified Duties
1. Financial brokerage firms and market operators operating a multilateral trading facility must approve the arrangements and procedures for the supervision of the compliance by members of the multilateral trading facility with the rules of activities thereof and ensure an efficient application of such arrangements and procedures. Financial brokerage firms and the market operators operating a multilateral trading facility must monitor the transactions undertaken under their systems, identify and prevent breaches of the rules of a system, disorderly trading conditions and market abuse.
2. Financial brokerage firms and market operators operating a multilateral trading facility must report to the Securities Commission the detected significant breaches of the rules of a system, disorderly trading conditions and cases of market abuse. Financial brokerage firms and market operators operating a multilateral trading facility must supply to the Securities Commission without delay the information relating to possible breaches, also closely co-operate in investigating the cases of market abuse in that system.
3. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 33. Duty of the Financial Brokerage Firms Engaged in Systematic Trade to Make Public Quotes
1. The financial brokerage firms engaged in systematic trade in the shares which are admitted to trading on a regulated market and for which there is a liquid market must publish quotes committing to enter into a transaction. Where the stock market is not liquid, the financial brokerage firms engaged in systematic trade in these shares must disclose quotes only on the request of a client.
2. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply to the financial brokerage firms engaged in system trading when dealing for sizes up to standard market size. The requirements set forth in this Article shall not apply to the financial brokerage firms engaged in systematic trading and only dealing in sizes above standard market size.
3. The financial brokerage firms engaged in systematic trade shall have the right to independently decide to the sizes at which they quote. A quote shall consist of a bid and/or offer price or prices for a size or sizes which could be up to standard market size for the class of shares at which a commitment is assumed to enter into a transaction. The price or prices must reflect the prevailing market conditions for that share.
4. A share shall be attributed to a certain class of shares on the basis of the arithmetic average value of the orders executed in the market for this share. The standard market size for each class of shares shall be the arithmetic average value of the orders executed in the market for the shares attributed to that class of shares.
5. The market for each share shall include all orders executed in the entire European Union in respect of that share excluding the orders which are large in scale compared to normal market size for that share.
6. Being the supervisory institution of the most relevant market in terms of liquidity (as indicated in Article 31 of this Law) and taking into account the arithmetic average value of the orders executed in the market in respect of a share, the Securities Commission shall determine at least annually the class of shares to which each share belongs. This information shall be made public to all market participants on the website of the Securities Commission.
7. A financial brokerage firm engaged in systematic trade must make public specified quotes on a regular and continuous basis during normal trading hours. Quotes may be changed or updated at any time. Under exceptional market conditions, specified quotes may be withdrawn.
8. Quotes must be made public in a manner which is easily accessible to other market participants on a reasonable commercial basis.
9. A financial brokerage firm engaged in systematic trade must, while complying with the requirements set forth in Article 24 of this Law, execute the orders submitted by non-professional clients in relation to the shares in whose systematic trade the firm is engaged at the quoted price at the time of reception of a client’s order.
10. A financial brokerage firm engaged in systematic trade must execute the orders submitted by professional clients in relation to the shares in whose systematic trade the firm is engaged at the quoted price at the time of reception of a client’s order. However, those orders may be executed at a better price for the client in justified cases provided that this price falls within a range close to market conditions and provided that an order is of a size bigger than the size of the orders customarily undertaken by non-professional investors.
11. A financial brokerage firm engaged in systematic trade shall have the right to execute orders of professional clients at prices different than quoted ones without complying with the requirements set forth in paragraph 10 of this Article, in respect of orders where execution in several securities is part of one transaction or in respect of orders that are subject to conditions other than the current market price.
12. Where a financial brokerage firm engaged in systematic trade which quotes only one quote or whose highest quote is lower than the standard market size receives an order from a client of a size bigger than the firm’s quotation size, but lower than the standard market size, the firm may execute that part of the order which exceeds the quotation size only at the quoted price, except where the cases specified in paragraphs 10 and 11 of this Article permit to deviate from the quoted price. Where a financial brokerage firm engaged in systematic trade is quoting in different sizes, but receives an order from a client between such sizes and decides to execute this order, the order must be executed at one of the quoted prices out of two in compliance with the requirements set forth in Article 25 of this Law, with the exception of the cases specified in paragraphs 10 and 11 of this Article.
13. The Securities Commission shall supervise that the financial brokerage firms engaged in systematic trade regularly update bid and/or offer prices published in accordance with the procedure laid down in paragraph 1 of this Article, so that the specified prices reflect the prevailing market conditions, and that firms comply with the requirements set forth in paragraph 10 of this Article for                                                                                       the entering into transactions at a better price that specified by the firm. In exercising supervision, the Securities Commission shall have the right to issue mandatory instructions and other rights specified in this Law and other legal acts.
14. A financial brokerage firm engaged in systematic trade shall have the right to decide, on the basis of its commercial policy and taking into account objective criteria, the investors who will be given access to the firm’s quotes. To this end the firm must approve the rules governing the giving of access to the firm’s quotes.
15. A financial brokerage firm engaged in systematic trade may decide not to enter into or discontinue business relationships with investors on the basis of commercial considerations such as the investor credit status, the counterparty risk and the final settlement risk upon entering into a transaction.
16. In order to limit the risk related to the number of transactions from the same client, a financial brokerage firm engaged in systematic trade shall have the right to limit in a non-discriminatory way the number of transactions from the same client which are undertaken to enter at the published conditions.  Moreover, the firm shall have the right, in a non-discriminatory way and in compliance with the requirements set forth in Article 25 of this Law, to limit the total number of transactions from different clients at the same time provided that such a limitation is allowable only where the number and volume of orders sought by clients considerably exceed the usual trading volume.
17. The requirements set forth in this Article shall be implemented in compliance with the rules specified by Commission Regulation (EC) No 1287/2006 of 10 August 2006.
18. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 34. Duty of Financial Brokerage Firms to Make Public Post-Trade Information
1. A financial brokerage firm which, either on behalf of a client or on own account, has concluded a transaction in shares admitted to trading on a regulated market outside a regulated market or multilateral trading facility must make public the volume and price of the transaction and the time at which the transaction was concluded. This information must be made public without delay on a reasonable commercial basis, and as close to real time as possible so as to be easily accessible to other market participants.
2. The information indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article and the time limit within which it is published may not violate the requirements set forth in Article 59 of this Law. Provisions of Article 59 of this Law permitting to defer disclosure of information for certain categories of transactions shall apply mutatis mutandis to those transactions when undertaken outside a regulated market or a multilateral trading facility.
3. The requirements set forth in this Article shall be implemented in compliance with the rules specified by Commission Regulation (EC) No 1287/2006 of 10 August 2006.
4. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 35. Requirements for Making Public of Pre-Trade Information Applicable to Multilateral Trading Facilities
1. A financial brokerage firm and the market operator operating a multilateral trading facility must make public the offers made through the multilateral trading facility in respect of the entering into transactions in the shares admitted to trading on the regulated market. A financial brokerage firm and the market operator operating a multilateral trading facility must, on reasonable commercial terms and on a continuous basis throughout the trading hours, indicate the total number of orders and related shares according to each price level specifying five best bid and offer price levels.
2. Taking into account the market model and type and size of orders, the Securities Commission shall have the right to specify exceptions from the duty provided for in paragraph 1 of this Article.  Exceptions may in particular apply to the orders that are large sized compared with normal market size for a specific share or type of shares.
3. The requirements set forth in this Article shall be implemented in compliance with the rules specified by Commission Regulation (EC) No 1287/2006 of 10 August 2006.
4. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 36. Requirements for Making Public of Post-Trade Information Applicable to Multilateral Trading Facilities
1. A financial brokerage firm and the market operator operating a multilateral trading facility must make public information about the transactions entered into within the facility operated by them in the shares admitted to trading on a regulated market indicating the price and quantity of the shares transferred by each transaction as well as the time of the entering into the transaction. This information must be made public without delay on a reasonable commercial basis and as close to real-time as possible.
2. The duty specified in paragraph 1 of this Article shall not apply to the transactions entered into within a multilateral trading facility where information about these transactions is made public under the information publication system of a regulated market.
3. Taking into account the type and size of the transactions entered into, the Securities Commission may allow to defer the publication of the information indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article. In particular, it may be allowed to defer the publication of information in respect of transactions that are large in scale compared with the normal market size for a specific share or class of shares. The operator operating a multilateral trading facility must obtain the Securities Commission’s prior approval to arrangements for deferred publication of information about transactions, and information about such arrangements must be clearly disclosed to market participants and investors.
4. The requirements set forth in this Article shall be implemented in compliance with the rules specified by Commission Regulation (EC) No 1287/2006 of 10 August 2006.
5. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
SECTION FIVE
RIGHTS OF FINANCIAL BROKERAGE FIRMS
 
Article 37. Provision of Investment Services in Another Member State Without Establishing a Branch by the Financial Brokerage Firms Established in the Republic of Lithuania
1. A financial brokerage firm wishing to start to provide investment services in another Member State for the first time or to change the range of the investment services provided in another Member State must give a notice to the Securities Commission about a Member State in which it intends to provide investment services or in which it intends to change range thereof and present a programme of operations to be performed stating the investment and ancillary services planned to be provided.
2. Upon the receipt of the information indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article, the Securities Commission shall, within one month, forward it to the supervisory institution of the host Member State. A financial brokerage firm shall have the right to start to provide investment services and ancillary services in another Member State without establishing a branch after the lapse of one month from the submission of all required documents and information to the Securities Commission.
3. In the event of a change in the data and information indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article, a financial brokerage firm must give a notice of the changes to take place to the Securities Commission not later than one month in advance before the planned entry into force of the changes.  The Securities Commission shall forward this information to the supervisory institution of the host Member State.
4. A financial brokerage firm licensed in the Republic of Lithuania and the market operator operating a multilateral trading facility which intend to provide in other Member States the arrangements aimed at facilitating access to or remote use of the multilateral trading facility by the persons established in those Member States must communicate to the Securities Commission the Member State in which they intend to provide such arrangements.  The Securities Commission shall communicate, within one month, this information to the supervisory institution of the host Member State. The Securities Commission shall, on the request of the supervisory institution of the host Member State and within a reasonable delay, communicate the identity of the members of this multilateral trading facility.
5. The requirements set forth in paragraph 4 of this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 38. Right of the Financial Brokerage Firms Established in Another Member State to Provide Investment Services in the Republic of Lithuania Without Establishing a Branch
1. A financial brokerage firm established in another Member State shall have the right to provide investment and ancillary services in the Republic of Lithuania without establishing a branch provided that the right to provide specific investment or ancillary services is granted by a licence issued by the supervisory institution of the firm. Ancillary services may only be provided where at least one investment service is provided.
2. A financial brokerage firm established in another Member State shall have the right to start to provide investment services in the Republic of Lithuania without establishing a branch or to change the volume of the investment services provided in the Republic of Lithuania after the Securities Commission receives a notice of the supervisory institution of the firm indicating that the financial brokerage firm intends to provide investment services in the Republic of Lithuania or change volume thereof and a programme of operations to be performed setting out the investment and ancillary services planned to be provided. The Securities Commission shall make public this information not later than within 3 working days.
3. In the event of a change in the data and information indicated in paragraph 2 of this Article, a financial brokerage firm must give a notice of the changes to take place to the supervisory institution of the Member State of its registered office. The Securities Commission shall have the right to obtain the documents substantiating the change of such information.
4. A financial brokerage firm licensed in another Member State and the market operator operating a multilateral trading facility shall have the right to provide in the Republic of Lithuania the required arrangements facilitating access to or remote use of the multilateral trading facility by the legal persons established in the Republic of Lithuania.
5. Provisions of this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 39. Provision of Investment Services by the Financial Brokerage Firms Established in the Republic of Lithuania in Another Member State Through the Establishment of a Branch
1. A financial brokerage firm wishing to establish a branch in another Member State must give to the Securities Commission a notice indicating:
1) the Member State within the territory of which it plans to establish the branch;
2) a programme of operations setting out, inter alia, the investment and ancillary services to be offered, the organisational structure of the branch, also information as to whether the branch intends to use the tied agents;
3) the address in the host Member State from which documents of the branch may be obtained;
4) the names of heads of the branch.
2. In cases where a financial brokerage firm established in the Republic of Lithuania appoints a tied agent established in another Member State, such tied agent shall be assimilated to the firm’s branch and shall be subject to the provisions regulating activities of the branch of the financial brokerage firm.
3. Unless the Securities Commission has reason to doubt the adequacy of the administrative structure or the financial situation of a financial brokerage firm, taking into account the nature of the activities envisaged, the Securities Commission shall, not later than within 3 months of receiving the information indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article, communicate it to the supervisory institution of the host Member State and inform the firm which has given the notice. In addition, the Securities Commission shall communicate to the supervisory institution of the host Member State information about the accredited investor compensation scheme of which the financial brokerage firm establishing a branch is a member.
4. In the event of a change in the information as indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article, a financial brokerage firm must give written notice thereof to the Securities Commission not later than one month in advance before the planned implementation of the change.  The Securities Commission shall communicate this information to the supervisory institution of the host Member State.
5. Where the Securities Commission establishes that the administrative structure or the financial situation of a financial brokerage firm, taking into account the nature of the activities envisaged, is inadequate, the Securities Commission shall refuse to communicate the information indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article to the supervisory institution of the host Member State and inform the firm which has given the notice within a time limit provided for in paragraph 3 of this Article giving reasons for the refusal to communicate the information.
6. A branch of a financial brokerage firm may be established and commence business on receipt by the firm of a communication from the supervisory institution of the host Member State confirming the receipt of the communicated information, or failing such communication within 2 months from the date of transmission of the communication by the Securities Commission.
7. Provisions of paragraph 2 of this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 40. Right of the Financial Brokerage Firms Established in Other Member States to Provide Investment Services in the Republic of Lithuania Through the Establishment of a Branch
1. A financial brokerage firm established in another Member State shall have the right to provide investment and ancillary services in the Republic of Lithuania through the establishment of a branch provided that the right to provide such services is granted by a licence of the financial brokerage firm. Ancillary services may only be provided where at least one investment service is provided.
2. A branch of a financial brokerage firm may be established and commence activities in the Republic of Lithuania after the supervisory institution of the firm communicates to the Securities Commission the information indicated in paragraph 1 of Article 39 of this Law.  On receipt of this information, the Securities Commission shall prepare for the exercise of supervision, indicate to the financial brokerage firm which operation requirements as set forth on grounds of public interest it will have to comply with, and inform thereof the financial brokerage firm not later than within 2 months. A branch may be established on receipt such a communication of the Securities Commission by the financial brokerage firm, and where no communication is received, after two months from the date of transmission of the information provided for in this paragraph by the firm’s supervisory institution to the Securities Commission.
3. Provisions of this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 41. Right of a Financial Brokerage Firm of Membership of a Regulated Market Operating in Another Member State
1. A financial brokerage firm established in another Member State and licensed to execute client orders or to deal on own account shall have the right of membership of a regulated market operating in the Republic of Lithuania, both directly, by setting up a branch in the Republic of Lithuania, and indirectly, without establishing a branch, but operating by rights of a remote member using possibilities of remote access to the regulated market, unless the trading procedures and systems of the regulated market require a direct physical presence for conclusion of transactions on the market.
2. Provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to any financial brokerage firm established in the Republic of Lithuania and wishing to become a member of a regulated market operating in another Member State.
 
Article 42. Right of Financial Brokerage Firms of Membership of a Central Counterparty, a Clearing and Settlement System and Right to Designate Settlement System
1. A financial brokerage firm established in another Member State shall, for the purposes of finalising or arranging the finalisation of transactions in financial instruments, have the right of membership of central counterparty, clearing and settlement systems operating in the Republic of Lithuania. These rights shall be exercised in compliance with the same non-discriminatory, transparent and objective criteria as apply to the financial brokerage firms established in the Republic of Lithuania. Membership of these systems may not be restricted to the clearing and settlement of transactions in financial instruments undertaken on a regulated market or a multilateral trading facility operating in the Republic of Lithuania.
2. A regulated market operating in the Republic of Lithuania must ensure for its members the right to designate the settlement system for the settlement of transactions in financial instruments undertaken on that regulated market, subject to:
1) such links and arrangements between the designated settlement system and other necessary systems as ensure the efficient and economic settlement of the transactions undertaken and 
2) agreement by the Securities Commission that technical conditions of the designated system for settlement of transactions concluded on that regulated market are such as to ensure the smooth and orderly functioning of the market.  
3. The agreement of the Securities Commission as provided for in paragraph 2 of this Article shall be without prejudice to the competence of the Bank of Lithuania and the central banks of other Member States or other supervisory institutions on settlement systems. The Securities Commission shall, prior to declaring such agreement, take into account the results of supervision of central banks and other important aspects relating to supervision of settlement systems exercised by them in order to avoid undue duplication of supervision.
4. The rights of financial brokerage firms as stipulated in this Article shall be without prejudice to the right of operators of central counterparty, clearing or securities settlement systems not to satisfy a financial brokerage firm’s request to make the services provided by them available where the refusal is based on legitimate commercial grounds.
 
Article 43. Right of Financial Brokerage Firms and Market Operators Operating a Multilateral Trading Facility to Select a Central Counterparty and a Clearing and Settlement System
1. A financial brokerage firm established in the Republic of Lithuania and the market operator operating a multilateral trading system shall have the right to conclude agreements with a central counterparty or clearing house and a settlement system established in another Member State which would ensure the clearing and/or settlements of all or some transactions concluded by market participants under the system operated by them.
2. The Securities Commission may not oppose the use, by a financial brokerage firm or market operator operating a multilateral trading facility established in the Republic of Lithuania, of central counterparty, clearing houses and/or settlement systems operating in another Member State except where this is demonstrably necessary in order to ensure the orderly functioning of the multilateral trading facility and taking into account provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 42 of this Law.
3. In order to avoid undue duplication of supervision, the Securities Commission shall take into account the supervision of clearing and settlement systems exercised by central banks of the Member States and by other supervisory institutions.
 
CHAPTER III
TRADING IN A REGULATED MARKET
 
SECTION ONE
LICENSING OF A REGULATED MARKET
 
Article 44. Licensing and Applicable Law
1. The right to perform the activities of a market operator in the Republic of Lithuania shall be granted only the public limited liability companies whose trading systems hold a licence as a regulated market issued by the Securities Commission.
2. The licence as a regulated market shall be issued only where the Securities Commission is absolutely satisfied that the market operator and the trading and other systems of the regulated market comply with the requirements laid down in this Section.
3. A public limited liability company being established or operating and wishing to perform the activities of the operator of a regulated market must provide to the Securities Commission:
1) an application indicating the purpose of establishment of the operator of the regulated market, name, registered office, data about founders (shareholders) and heads thereof;
2) the memorandum of association;
3) a programme of operations setting out, inter alia, the types of business envisaged and the organisational structure of the market operator;
4) articles of association;
5) rules of the regulated market.
4. On receipt of all required documents, the Securities Commission must, within 3 months, issue a licence or provide a justified refusal in writing. The Securities Commission may require that a company supplies additional information or clarifies the data already submitted. In this case, a time period for the consideration of the application shall be calculated from the day of submission of the last documents or data.
5. The licence as a regulated market shall be issued only where the Securities Commission, upon considering all required documents, states that at the time of issuance of the licence, the initial requirements for operation of the regulated market as set forth in this Section are complied with.
6. The operator of a regulated market must comply with the organisational and operation requirements set forth for a market operator (including initial requirements for the issuance of the licence as a regulated market) and ensure that the regulated market operated by it complies with the requirements set forth in this Section.
7. Without prejudice to provisions of Article 62 and 63 of this Law, trading on a regulated market operating in the Republic of Lithuania shall be conducted in compliance with requirements of legal acts of the Republic of Lithuania.
 
Article 45. Grounds for Refusal to Issue the Licence as a Regulated Market
The Securities Commission shall have the right to refuse to issue the licence as a regulated market where:
1) the articles of association, memorandum of association of the regulated market, the rules of the regulated market or other submitted documents contravene laws of the Republic of Lithuania or other legal acts;
2) incorrect information has been supplied in the submitted documents;
3) the submitted programme of operations of the regulated market is not sufficient for the regulated market to properly perform its functions;
4) holders of the candidate’s qualifying holding do not fulfil the conditions set out in Article 50 of this Law;
5) members of the supervisory board of the operator of the regulated market, members of the board or the head are of insufficiently good repute, do not possess the qualification or work experience at financial or equivalent institutions as specified by the Securities Commission.
 
Article 46. Grounds for Revocation of the Licence as a Regulated Market
The Securities Commission shall have the right to revoke the licence as a regulated market issued by it where the operator of the regulated market:
1) fails to commence the exercise of the rights granted by the licence within 12 months from the issuance of the licence, voluntarily renounces the licence or has not exercised the rights granted by the licence for the preceding six months;
2) has obtained the licence after submitting false information or by other irregular ways or means;
3) no longer meets the conditions under which the licence was issued;
4) seriously and systematically infringes provisions of this Law;
5) on other grounds specified by laws.
 
Article 47. Duties of the Operator of a Regulated Market
1. The operator of a regulated market must:
1) organise trading in financial instruments, admission thereof to trading on a regulated market, quoting, secure and effective entering into transactions and settlements;
2) promote a fair trade in financial instruments and seek to prevent market manipulation and other unfair actions;
3) disseminate the information allowing to ensure compliance with the pre- and post-trade transparency requirements as applied to a regulated market;
4) ensure the protection of confidential information and exercise internal control.
2. The operator of a regulated market shall have the right to perform only the activities directly relating to the activities indicated in the licence as a regulated market and duties thereof as provided for in this Law.  
3. The code of management of the companies whose securities are traded on a regulated market shall be drawn up and approved by the operator of the regulated market. Prior to approving such a code, the operator of the regulated market must obtain agreement of the Securities Commission.
4. The operator of a regulated market must, in accordance with the procedure laid down by the Securities Commission, inform of:
1) admission of financial instruments to or removal thereof from trading on the regulated market;
2) acceptance and exclusion of members of the regulated market.
5. The Securities Commission shall determine the minimum size of the equity capital of the operator of a regulated market and restrictions on the investment of funds.
 
Article 48. Management of the Operator of a Regulated Market
1. The operator of a regulated market must have a collegial management body – the Board.
2. A representative of the Securities Commission shall have the right to participate in meetings of the management bodies of the operator of a regulated market with the right of deliberative vote and to obtain the material presented to participants of a meeting.
 
Article 49. Heads of the Operator of a Regulated Market
1. Heads of the operator of a regulated market must be of sufficiently good repute and sufficient experienced as to ensure the sound and transparent management of the regulated market. The operator of a regulated market must inform the Securities Commission of the identity and subsequent changes of heads of the regulated market.
2. The Securities Commission shall have the right to oppose candidatures of heads of the operator of a regulated market where there is a ground for believing that the proposed candidatures of the heads pose a threat to the transparent and sound management and operation of the regulated market.
3. Heads of the operator of a licensed regulated market shall be deemed to comply with the requirements set forth in paragraph 1 of this Article until proven otherwise.
 
Article 50. Requirements for Persons Exercising Significant Influence over the Management of a Regulated Market
1. The persons who exercise, directly or indirectly, significant influence over the management of a regulated market must be suitable for the post held and performance of the functions assigned to them taking into account their repute, education, knowledge, experience and other important features, also the possible influence over the management of the regulated market. 
2. The operator of a regulated market must:
1) provide the Securities Commission with, and to make public, information regarding shareholders of the regulated market and the market operator, and information regarding other persons exercising significant influence over the management of the regulated market, including disclosure of the identity of the persons and scale of interests in exercising such an influence;
2) inform the Securities Commission of and make public information about changes in the ownership of shareholders of the regulated market which gives rise to a change in the persons exercising significant influence over the management of the regulated market.
3. The Securities Commission shall have the right to oppose proposed changes in the persons exercising significant influence over the management of a regulated market and/or the market operator where there is a ground for believing that such changes pose a threat to the transparent and sound management and operation of the regulated market.
 
Article 51. Acquisition of the Qualifying Holding of the Operator of a Regulated Market
1. The qualifying holding of the operator of a regulated market shall be acquired in accordance with the same procedure as is laid down in this Law for acquisition of the qualifying holding of a financial brokerage firm.
2. The Securities Commission shall not grant consent to acquire or increase the qualifying holding of the operator of a regulated market where:
1) a person (or, the heads and controllers of a legal person) is not of sufficiently good repute;
2) the person is an employee of another operator of a regulated market, the Securities Commission or the Central Securities Depository of Lithuania;
3) the person has not supplied any information about its activities and financial position;
4) the legal person has not supplied any information about its participants;
5) the person has not submitted the documents evidencing that the funds to pay for the shares have been obtained legitimately;
6) the person’s financial situation is not sound and stable;
7) the granting of the consent would result in such a close link which would constitute a ground for the refusal to issue the licence as a regulated market;
8) there are other grounds raising justified doubts that the persons intending to acquire or increase the qualifying holding of the regulated market will be capable of ensuring the sound and transparent management of the regulated market.
 
Article 52. Organisational Requirements Imposed on the Operator of a Regulated Market
The operator of a regulated market must:
1) have proper arrangements and procedures to identify and manage the potential adverse consequences for the operation of the regulated market or for its participants, also conflicts of interest between the regulated market, its shareholders or the market operator and the sound functioning of the regulated market, in particular where such conflicts of interest might prove prejudicial to the accomplishment of functions delegated to the regulated market;
2) be adequately equipped to manage the risks typical for the functioning of the regulated market, implement arrangements and systems to identify risks to operation, and put in place effective arrangements in order to reduce the potential risk;
3) have arrangements for the smooth management of the technical operations of the system, including the establishment of effective contingency arrangements to cope with system disruptions;
4) have transparent and non-discretionary rules and procedures that provide for fair and continuous trading and establish objective criteria for the                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   effective execution of orders;
5) have effective arrangements or required agreements to facilitate an the efficient and timely finalisation of the transactions executed under the systems of the regulated market;
6) have available sufficient financial resources ensuring the proper functioning of the regulated market, having regard to the nature and extent of the transactions concluded on the regulated market, also the nature and degree of the risks typical for the functioning of the regulated market.
 
SECTION TWO
TRADING IN A REGULATED MARKET. TRANSPARENCY REQUIREMENTS
 
Article 53. Rules of a Regulated Market and Ensuring of Compliance Therewith and Other Duties Specified in Legal Acts
1. A regulated market must have in place the explicit, transparent and non-discriminatory rules based on objective criteria, which shall be drawn up and approved by the operator of the regulated market. Prior to approving such rules, the operator of the regulated market must co-ordinate them with the Securities Commission.  The rules of the regulated market may be contained in a single document or several separate documents.
2. A regulated market must adopt and implement effective arrangements and procedures to monitor on a continuous basis the compliance of members of the regulated market with rules of the regulated market. The regulated market must monitor the transactions undertaken by its members through a trading facility of the regulated market in order to identify possible breaches of the rules of the regulated market, disorderly trading conditions or conduct that may involve market abuse.
3. The operator of a regulated market must report significant breaches of rules of the regulated market, disorderly trading conditions or conduct that may involve market abuse to the Securities Commission. Moreover, the operator of the regulated market must supply the entire available information relating to possible breaches of rules of the regulated market without delay to the Securities Commission, also co-operate in investigating and prosecuting the cases of market abuse.
 
Article 54. Admission of Financial Instruments to Trading on a Regulated Market
1. Financial instruments may be admitted to trading on a regulated market according to rules regarding the admission of the financial instruments to trading on the regulated market.
2. These rules must ensure that the transferable securities admitted to trading on a regulated market are not subject to transfer restrictions and determine:
1) the conditions of, procedure for and time limits of admission of the financial instruments to trading on the regulated market and removal therefrom;
2) the amounts of a fee for admission of the financial instruments to trading on the regulated market and of the annual quoting fee;
3. An issuer whose financial instruments are admitted to trading on a regulated market must, in accordance with the procedure and within the time limits laid down by the operator of the regulated market, supply thereto the information provided for in this Law and other laws.
4. A regulated market must establish and maintain effective arrangements to verify that issuers of transferable securities that are admitted to trading on the regulated market comply with the requirements for initial, ongoing and ad hoc disclosure of information as set forth by the Law on Securities.
5. A regulated market must have in place arrangements which facilitate members of the regulated market in obtaining access to information which has been made public according to requirements of legal acts of the European Union.
6. A regulated market must have arrangements to review regularly the compliance of a financial instrument admitted to trading on the regulated market with the admission requirements of a specific type of financial instruments.
7. The transferable securities that have been admitted to trading on a regulated market can additionally be admitted to trading on other regulated markets, regardless of whether the issuer of these securities has granted consent in respect of such admission, provided that the requirements for admission of transferable securities to trading on a regulated market as set forth in other legal acts are complied with. The regulated market must inform the issuer of securities that it securities are traded on this regulated market. The issuer shall not be subject to an obligation to provide information indicated in paragraphs 3 and 4 of this Article directly to a regulated market where securities were admitted to trading on this regulated market without the issuer’s consent.
8. The requirements set forth in this Article shall be implemented in compliance with the rules specified by Commission Regulation (EC) No 1287/2006 of 10 August 2006.
 
Article 55. Suspension and Removal of Financial Instruments from Trading
1. Without prejudice to the right of the Securities Commission as specified in subparagraph 11 of paragraph 1 of Article 72 of this Law to demand suspension or removal of a financial instrument from trading, the operator of a regulated market shall have the right to suspend or remove the financial instrument from trading on the regulated market operated by it where the financial instrument no longer complies with the requirements set forth in the rules of the regulated market, unless suspension or removal from trading could cause significant damage to the investors’ interests or orderly functioning of the market.
2. The operator of a regulated market who suspends or removes a financial instrument from trading on that regulated market must make public this decision and communicate the information relating to this decision to the Securities Commission, which must inform thereof supervisory institutions of other Member States.
3. Paragraph 2 of this Article shall not prevent the operator of a regulated market from directly informing operators of other regulated market about suspension or removal of a financial instrument from trading.  
4. Where the Securities Commission demands the suspension or removal of a financial instrument from trading on one or several regulated markets, such a decision of the Securities Commission must immediately be made public and supervisory institutions of other Member States must be informed.
5. On receipt of a communication of the supervisory institution of another Member State about suspension or removal of a financial instrument from trading on a regulated market of that Member State, the Securities Commission shall take a decision on suspension or removal of this financial instrument from trading on a regulated market operating in the Republic of Lithuania and a multilateral trading facility supervised by the Securities Commission, unless this could cause significant damage to the investors’ interests or orderly functioning of the market.
 
Article 56. Membership of a Regulated Market
1. Membership of and access to a regulated market shall be governed by rules.
2. These rules must specify:
1) requirements for members of the regulated market;
2) a procedure for and conditions of granting, suspension of the right of participation in trading on a regulated market, exclusion from members thereof;
3) the duties of the members of the regulated market arising from the constitution and administration of the regulated market, transactions on the market; professional standards imposed on the staff of the financial brokerage firms and credit institutions that are operating on that market; the requirements established for other members of the regulated market as indicated in paragraph 3 of this Article; the clearing and settlement of transactions concluded on that regulated market;
4) liability for non-fulfilment of the duties;
5) rights of members of the regulated market;
6) the amount of the annual contribution of a member.
3. Financial brokerage firms, credit institutions and other persons shall have the right to become members of a regulated market, provided they:
1) are fit and proper;
2) have a sufficient level of trading ability and competence;
3) have adequate organisational arrangements;
4) have sufficient resources to ensure the performance of their functions, taking into account the financial arrangements and procedures that the regulated market has established in order to guarantee the adequate settlement of the transactions entered into;
5) have the right provide investment services in the Republic of Lithuania as provided for in subparagraph 2 or 3 of paragraph 13 of Article 3 of this Law.
4. Members of a regulated market are not obliged to apply to each other the duties specified in Articles 22, 24 and 25 of this Law with respect to the transactions entered into on that regulated market. However, the members of the regulated market must apply the requirements set forth in Articles 22, 24 and 25 of this Law with respect to their clients when they, acting on behalf of their clients, execute their orders on that regulated market.
5. The rules on membership of and access to a regulated market must provide for an opportunity for financial brokerage firms and credit institutions to become direct or remote members of the regulated market.
6. A regulated market operating in another Member State shall have the right to provide in the Republic of Lithuania arrangements so as to facilitate remote membership of that regulated market of the entities established in the Republic of Lithuania and/or trading on that regulated market.
7. The right specified in paragraph 6 of this Article may be exercised after the supervisory institution of another Member State communicates to the Securities Commission information about the intention of the regulated market operating in that Member State to provide appropriate arrangements in the Republic of Lithuania.
8. A regulated market operating in the Republic of Lithuania shall have the right, without prejudice to requirements of legal acts of another Member State, to provide arrangements so as to facilitate membership of the entities established in that Member State of and/or trading on the regulated market.
9. In order to exercise the right provided for in paragraph 8 of this Article, a regulated market must communicate to the Securities Commission the Member State in which it intends to provide the arrangements indicated in paragraph 8 of this Article. On receipt of such communication, the Securities Commission shall, not later than within one month, forward the information supplied in the communication to the supervisory institution of a Member State in which the appropriate arrangements are to be provided. The Securities Commission shall, on the request of the supervisory institution of another Member State, communicate to it the identity of members of a regulated market.
10. The operator of a regulated market shall have the right to obtain information about the financial and economic activities of members of the regulated market, verify compliance of the requirements set forth by the operator of the regulated market by the members of the regulated market, and impose the sanctions provided for in rules of the regulated market for non-compliance with the requirements set forth.
11. The operator of a regulated market operating in the Republic of Lithuania must, in accordance with the procedure laid down by the Securities Commission, communicate the identity of members of the regulated market operated by it.
 
Article 57. Trading in Financial Instruments on a Regulated Market
1. Trading in financial instruments on a regulated market shall be governed by rules.
2. These rules must ensure that trading in financial instruments on a regulated market is conducted a fair, orderly and efficient manner, also specify:
1) a procedure for trading in financial instruments on the regulated market;
2) the time of trading on the regulated market;
3) a procedure for setting the price of financial instruments and/or derivatives;
4) terms and conditions of settlement;
5) the types of the transactions entered into on the regulated market;
6) a procedure for making public the information about prices and scope of trading;
7) the ways of settlement of the disputes arising from the transactions entered into on the regulated market;
8) the amounts of fees for transactions on the regulated market.
 
Article 58. Pre-Trade Transparency Requirements for Regulated Markets
1. A regulated market must make public about the offers made thereon to enter into transactions in the shares admitted to trading on that regulated market. A regulated market must on a continuous basis and throughout the trading hours on reasonable commercial terms, indicate the total number of orders and related shares according to each price level specifying five best bid and offer price levels.
2. A regulated market shall have the right to give access, on reasonable commercial terms and on a non-discriminatory basis, to the arrangements the regulated market employs for making public the information indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article to the financial brokerage firms which are obliged to publish their quotes in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 33 of this Law.
3. Taking into account the model of a regulated market and/or type and size of submitted orders, the Securities Commission shall have the right to waive for the duty the regulated market to make public the information indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article.  The Securities Commission shall have the right to waive from the duty specified in paragraph 1 of this Article also in respect of orders that are large in scale compared with normal market size for that share or that type of shares.
4. The requirements set forth in this Article shall be implemented in compliance with the rules specified by Commission Regulation (EC) No 1287/2006 of 10 August 2006.
 
Article 59. Post-Trade Transparency Requirements for Regulated Markets
1. A regulated market must make public the price, volume and time of the transactions executed in respect of shares admitted to trading on that regulated market. Details of the concluded transactions must be made public on a reasonable commercial basis and as close to real-time as possible.
2. A regulated market shall have the right to give access, on reasonable commercial terms and on a non-discriminatory basis, to the arrangements the regulated market employs for making public the information indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article to financial brokerage firms which are obliged to publish the quotes committing to enter into a transaction in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 33 of this Law.
3. The Securities Commission shall have the right to allow to defer publication of the information indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article based on the type and size of the transactions entered into on a regulated market. The Securities Commission shall have the right to defer publication of information at least in respect of transactions that are large in scale compared with the normal market size for a specific share or type of shares. A regulated market must obtain the Securities Commission’s prior approval of proposed arrangements for deferred publication of information, and these arrangements must be disclosed in advance to market participants and other investors.
4. The requirements set forth in this Article shall be implemented in compliance with the rules specified by Commission Regulation (EC) No 1287/2006 of 10 August 2006.
 
Article 60. Central Counterparty and Clearing and Settlement System Arrangements of a Regulated Market
1. A regulated market shall have the right to enter into arrangements with a central counterparty or clearing house and a settlement system operating in another Member State with a view to providing for the clearing and settlement of some or all transactions concluded by market participants under the trading system of the regulated market.
2. The Securities Commission may not oppose the use, by a regulated market operating in the Republic of Lithuania, of central counterparty, clearing houses and/or settlement systems operating in another Member State except where this is demonstrably necessary in order to maintain the orderly functioning of the regulated market and taking into account provisions of paragraph 2 of Article 42 of this Law.
3. In order to avoid undue duplication of supervision, the Securities Commission shall take into account the supervision of clearing and settlement systems exercised by the central banks of Member States or by other supervisory institutions exercising supervision of clearing and settlement systems.
 
Article 61. List of Regulated Markets
The Securities Commission shall draw up a list of the regulated markets operating in the Republic of Lithuania and forward it to the other Member States and the European Commission. The Securities Commission shall communicate all changes to this list to the other Member States and the European Commission. A list of all regulated markets of the European Union shall be drawn up, updated and, at least one a year, published by the European Commission in the Official Journal of the European Union. The list of regulated markets of the European Union shall also be published at the website of the European Commission, which shall be updated each time a Member State communicates changes to its list of regulated markets.
 
 
CHAPTER IV
PROHIBITION OF ABUSE OF A MARKET IN FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
 
Article 62. Prohibition of the Use of Inside Information when Trading in Financial Instruments
1. The persons who possess inside information by virtue of being employees of the issuer’s administration, by virtue of membership of the management or supervisory bodies or by virtue of having access to such information through the exercise of their employment, profession, duties or by virtue of being a shareholder of the issuer or by virtue of their criminal activities shall be prohibited from trying to enter or to enter for their own account or for the account of a third party, either directly or indirectly, into transactions in the financial instruments to which the information relates, until it is made public. Where the person referred to is a legal person, the appropriate prohibition shall also apply to the natural persons who take part in the decisions to enter into transactions for the account of the legal person concerned.
2. The persons indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article shall also be prohibited:
1) from directly or indirectly forwarding inside information to another person, unless such disclosure is made in the normal course of the exercise of his employment, profession or duties;
2) from recommending, inducing or offering another person, on the basis of inside information, to enter into a transaction in the financial instruments to which the inside information relates.
3. The prohibitions specified in this Article shall also apply to any person who possesses inside information, while that person knows, or ought to have known, that it is inside information. The prohibitions specified in paragraph 1 of this Article shall not apply to carrying out of the transactions entered into prior to familiarisation with inside information.
4. Heads of the issuer and the persons closely linked thereto a list whereof shall be compiled by the Securities Commission must, in accordance with the procedure and within the time limits laid down by it, notify of the transactions which they entered into on own account concerning the securities of their issuer and the derivatives or other financial instruments related to those securities. These notices must indicate the type, number of transactions, dates, the type and number of the financial instruments transferred or acquired, the amount of the transactions, form of settlement and other data required by the Securities Commission. The information indicated in this paragraph shall be published in accordance with the procedure laid down by the Securities Commission.
5. An issuer or a person acting on behalf of or for the account of the issuer who discloses inside information to any third party in the normal exercise of his employment, profession or duties must simultaneously (in the case of non-intentional disclosure – immediately after the disclosure) make effective public disclosure of the entire information. This requirement shall not apply if the person receiving the information owes a duty of confidentiality based on regulations, on articles of association of an undertaking or on a contract. Issuers, or persons acting on behalf of the issuers or for their account, must, in accordance with the procedure laid down by the Securities Commission, transmit to it data (including personal numbers) of the persons having the right to familiarise with inside information under contracts of employment or otherwise and of the persons associated with an issuer.
6. When mediating in the entering into a transaction and having reasonable suspicions that the transaction would be effected in violation of the prohibitions specified in paragraph 1, 2 or 3 of this Article or Article 63, a financial brokerage firm or a credit institution must forthwith give a notice thereof to the Securities Commission.  
7. The prohibitions provided for in this Article and Article 63 shall not apply to the operations effected by the Republic of Lithuania, another Member State of the European Union, the Bank of Lithuania, the European System of Central Banks or another institution performing similar functions or a person acting under their authorisation in the field of monetary policy, regulation of the currency exchange rate, state debt and reserve management policy.
8. The prohibitions provided for in this Article and Article 63 shall not apply to the purchase of own shares or stabilisation of prices, where it is carried out in accordance with the procedure laid down by legal acts.
9. The prohibitions and requirements as provided for in this Article and Article 63 in respect of the financial instruments which are traded on the regulated market situated or operating in the Republic of Lithuania (or for which a request for admission to trading to such markets has been made) shall apply both to the actions carried out on the territory of the Republic of Lithuania and abroad. The prohibitions and requirements as provided for in this Article and Article 63 in respect of the financial instruments which are traded on the regulated market situated or operating in the Republic of Lithuania (or for which a request for admission to trading to such markets has been made) shall apply to the actions carried out on the territory of the Republic of Lithuania, even if an appropriate transaction has been entered into outside such a market.
10. The prohibitions as provided for in this Article shall also apply to the financial instruments traded in the markets provided for in paragraph 9 of this Article where the value of these measures is related to the financial instruments provided for in paragraph 9.
 
Article 63. Prohibition of Market Manipulation
1. All persons shall be prohibited from:
1) entering into transactions or issuing orders to purchase or sell which give, or are likely to give, false or misleading signals as to the supply of, demand for or price of financial instruments or which secure, by a person, or persons acting in collaboration, the price of one or several financial instruments at an abnormal or artificial level. The prohibition indicated in this subparagraph shall not apply where a person who has entered into a transaction or issued the order establishes that he has a legal ground to conduct himself in such a manner or that appropriate transaction or orders conform to accepted practices on the regulated market as approved by the supervisory institution;
2) entering into transactions or issuing orders which employ fictitious devices or any other form of deception or contrivance;
3) disseminating information through the media, including the Internet, or by other means, which gives, or is likely to give, false or misleading signals as to financial instruments, including dissemination of rumours and false or misleading news, where the person who made the dissemination knew, or ought to have known, that the information was false or misleading. Where such an information is disclosed by journalists when they act in their professional capacity, such an act must be assessed taking into account the rules governing their profession, unless they derive, directly or indirectly, gain personal advantage or profits from the disclosure of such information.
2. The actions prohibited in paragraph 1 of this Article shall take the following forms:
1) conduct by a person, or persons acting in collaboration, to secure a dominant position over the supply of or demand for financial instruments which has the effect of fixing, directly or indirectly, the purchase or sale price or creating other unfair trading conditions;
2) the buying or selling of financial instruments at the close of the market with the effect of misleading investors acting on the basis of closing prices;
3) taking advantage of occasional or regular access to the media by voicing own opinion about financial instruments (or indirectly about their issuer) where that person has previously entered into a transaction or issued an order concerning those financial instruments, due to which he may gain profit from the impact of his opinion voiced on the price, without having simultaneously disclosed information about such a conflict of interest in a proper and effective way;
4) other forms a typical list whereof shall be specified by the Securities Commission.
3. The persons who produce or disseminate research intended for distribution channels or for the public and concerning financial instruments or issuers thereof or other information recommending or suggesting investment strategy must ensure that such information is fairly presented and disclose their interests, indicate conflicts of interest concerning the financial instruments to which that information relates.
4. In order to ensure compliance with the requirements set forth in this Article and Article 62 of this Law, the Securities Commission shall undertake the measures allowing to ensure that the public is correctly informed (including public disclosure of any known information).
5. Disseminators of public information must disseminate the information liable to have a significant effect on a market in financial instruments in compliance with the principles of fairness and transparency.
 
 
CHAPTER V
ACCOUNTING OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
 
Article 64. Basic Principles of Accounting of Financial Instruments
1. Financial instruments shall be recorded by entries in the personal accounts of financial instruments managed in accordance with the procedure laid down by the Rules on Accounting of Financial Instruments and Their Circulation. These rules shall be prepared by the Central Depository and approved by the Securities Commission. Personal accounts shall be opened in the name of owners of the financial instruments, with the exception of the exceptions specified in paragraphs 2, 3, 4 and 5 of this Article.
2. The accounts of pledged financial instruments may be opened in the name of the holder of the pledge also indicating the owner of the financial instruments.  The entry of pledged financial instruments in an account opened in the name of the holder of the pledge shall be considered as transfer thereof to the holder of the pledge.
3. Accounts of customers of the managers of accounts registered in foreign states may be opened in the name of the managers of the accounts indicating that they act as managers of accounts and an account is opened for the benefit of the customers. Managers of foreign accounts in the name whereof such accounts are opened must, on demand of the Securities Commission or the Central Securities Depository of Lithuania, indicate the clients for the benefit whereof financial instruments have been acquired.
4. The financial instruments pledged to the European Central Bank or the central bank of another Member State may be recorded by entries in the accounts opened in the name of the Bank of Lithuania in the Central Depository indicating the holder of the pledge and the owner of the financial instruments. Entries in these accounts shall be made according to instructions of the Bank of Lithuania.
5. The financial instruments transferred into the ownership of the European Central Bank or the central bank of another Member State according to repurchase or other transactions may be recorded by entries in the accounts opened in the name of the Bank of Lithuania in the Central Depository indicating the European Central Bank or the central bank of the Member State as the holder of the financial instruments. Entries in these accounts shall be made according to instructions of the Bank of Lithuania.
 
Article 65. Management of Accounts of Financial Instruments
1. Financial brokerage firms, licensed credit institutions and the Central Depository shall have the right to open personal accounts of financial instruments.
2. When opening an account of the financial instruments issued by it, amending or supplementing entries, the issuer must submit documents within the time limits and in accordance with the procedure laid down by the Rules on Accounting of Financial Instruments and Their Circulation.
3. Prior to commencing the initial circulation of financial instruments, the issuer must conclude a contract with the manager of accounts on the management of personal accounts of financial instruments. The Central Depository shall communicate the managers of accounts authorised by issuers to the Securities Commission in accordance with the procedure laid down by it. A manager of accounts authorised by an issuer must open personal accounts of the financial instruments issued by the issuer for each owner who has not stated in writing to the issuer that it transfers the management of an account to another manager of accounts.
4. An issuer shall have the right to require at any time that managers of accounts submit lists of owners of the registered financial instruments issued by it and the persons in the name whereof accounts of the financial instruments have been opened. This right shall be exercised by submitting an enquiry to the Central Depository, which shall, at the choice of the issuer, submit a list of managers of accounts or a list of the owners of the financial instruments.  Prior to each annual general meeting of shareholders, a list of managers of accounts shall be submitted free of charge at the request of the issuer. Managers of accounts shall submit lists of owners of financial instruments and the persons in the name whereof accounts of financial instruments have been opened in the accounting of the managers of the accounts to the Central Depository in accordance with the procedure laid down by it.
5. Accounts of financial instruments may be managed and content thereof may be altered in the name of a manager of accounts only by the employees thereof authorised in writing. Each manager of accounts must submit a list of such persons to the Central Depository. The manager of accounts must, on a continuous basis, ensure the right of the owner to dispose of financial instruments.
6. Heads and employees of a manager of accounts must ensure the confidentiality of the information which they obtained while managing accounts, with the exception of the cases when they are subject to the duty to supply such information under laws.
 
Article 66. Communications about the Status of an Account
A manager of account must communicate to the owner of financial instruments any change in his account in accordance with the procedure, in a manner and at intervals specified in a contract with the owner of the financial instruments. After the close of a calendar year, managers of accounts must, in accordance with the procedure and in a manner specified in the contract, present a report about the status of the account of the financial instruments at the end of the last day of the past year.
 
Article 67. Central Depository
1. The Central Depository is a public limited liability company acting according to this Law and its regulations.
2. Only the Republic of Lithuania, the Bank of Lithuania or the credit institutions, financial brokerage firms, insurance undertakings, investment companies with variable capital and investment fund management companies, pension fund management companies, operators of a regulated market, central depositories and central counterparties licensed in the Republic of Lithuania, another Member State or a state which has commenced official negotiations on membership in the European Union may be shareholders of the Central Depository. The Central Depository may issue only ordinary registered shares.
3. Members of the supervisory board of the Central Depository, members of the board or the head must be of sufficiently good repute, possess the qualification or work experience at financial or equivalent institutions as specified by the Securities Commission.
 
Article 68. Rights and Duties of the Central Depository
1. The Central Depository must:
1) draft and submit to the Securities Commission for approval the Rules on Accounting of Financial Instruments and Their Circulation;
2) draft and approve the documents of accounting of financial instruments and their circulation specifying in detail the separate procedures provided for in the rules, also other documents regulating the accounting of financial instruments and their circulation;
3) open accounts of managers of accounts and personal accounts of financial instruments and manage them;
4) ensure a timely transfer of financial instruments from an account of financial instruments of one manager of accounts to an account of financial instruments of another manager of accounts when executing transactions in the financial instruments;
5) control the correspondence of the number of the financial instruments of each issue put into circulation to the number of these financial instruments actually in circulation;
6) prepare and introduce the measures ensuring the uniformity and security of the system of accounting of financial instruments;
7) control compliance, by managers of accounts, with provisions of the rules on accounting of financial instruments and other documents regulating the accounting of the financial instruments and their circulation;
8) accumulate, process and disseminate information about the accounting of financial instruments, train and advise specialists of accounting of financial instruments;
9) issue to managers of accounts extracts about the status of their account of financial instruments;
10) ensure the protection of confidential information and exercise internal control;
11) provide proposals to the Securities Commission on the issues of accounting of financial instruments and submit thereto a report on improvement of the accounting and the main problems encountered during a year;
12) supply free of charge to the Bank of Lithuania and the Securities Commission the information required for performance of functions thereof.
2. The Central Depository shall have the right:
1) to handle clearing and monetary settlements for transactions in financial instruments;
2) to take over the management of accounting of financial instruments from the managers of accounts against which bankruptcy proceedings have been instituted;
3) to provide to issuers and managers of accounts other services related to the accounting of financial instruments and settlements.
3. A representative of the Securities Commission shall have the right to participate in meetings of the management bodies of the Central Depository with the right of deliberative vote and to obtain the material presented to participants of a meeting.
4. Documents of the Central Depository on the issues of financial instruments and their circulation, ensuring of its security requirements shall be binding on all managers of accounts.
5. The amounts of entrance and annual fees of managers of accounts, quarterly account management fees and operation fees for accounting entries as specified by the Central Depository and applied generally and in a standard manner must be co-ordinated with the Securities Commission.
 
 
CHAPTER VI
SUPERVISION OF MARKETS IN FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
 
SECTION ONE
LEGAL STATUS OF THE SECURITIES COMMISSION
 
Article 69. Securities Commission – Supervisory Institution of Markets in Financial Instruments
1. Markets in financial instruments shall be regulated and supervised by the Securities Commission of the Republic of Lithuania (hereinafter referred to as the “Securities Commission”).
2. The Securities Commission shall be a legal entity having a seal with the Lithuanian state emblem and its name inscribed therein.
3. The Securities Commission shall be set up and liquidated by the Seimas on the recommendation of the Government.
 
Article 70. Composition of and Procedure for Forming the Securities Commission
1. The Securities Commission shall consist of a chairman and 4 members. They shall be appointed for a period of five years by the Seimas on the recommendation of the President of the Republic.
2. The same person may be elected a member of the Securities Commission only for two successive terms of office. The chairman of the Securities Commission shall appoint his deputies from among the members. The chairman and members of the Securities Commission must be citizens of the Republic of Lithuania.
3. On expiry of the term of office, members of the Securities Commission shall hold office until new members are appointed.
4. Members of the Securities Commission shall be dismissed before the expiry of the term of office only in the following cases:
1) at their own request;
2) if they lose citizenship of the Republic of Lithuania;
3) by reason of their health condition (where they are incapable of work for at least 3 successive months);
4) upon the entry into force of a court judgement imposing a punishment for a deliberate crime, a criminal act against the civil service and public interests, disclosure of a state secret, loss of a state secret, disclosure of an official secret or a corruption criminal act as defined in the Law on Corruption Prevention;
5) if they commit a grave infringement of provisions of this Law regarding restrictions on trading in financial instruments as imposed on members and employees of the administration of the Securities Commission.
5. Dismissal of a member of the Securities Commission before the expiry of the term of office shall be proposed to the Seimas by the President of the Republic. The Seimas shall appoint other persons to the office of the members of the Securities Commission dismissed before the expiry of the term of office on the recommendation of the President of the Republic for a period of five years.
6. A member of the Securities Commission shall be prohibited from performing the activities incompatible with the civil service.
7. Remuneration of members of the Securities Commission shall be regulated by the Law on the Remuneration of State Politicians, Judges and State Officials; The Labour Code shall apply to members of the Securities Commission to the extent their status is not regulated by other laws.  The chairman and members of the Securities Commission may be provided with incentives by the payment of lump sums not exceeding the amount of funds allocated for remuneration. The chairman and members of the Securities Commission shall be provided with incentives in the following cases:
1) for excellent performance during a calendar year;
2) upon performance of one-time tasks of particular importance;
3) on the occasion of the public holidays specified by a law;
4) on the occasion of personal and professional anniversaries.
8. A decision on provision of a member of the Securities Commission with incentives shall be taken by the chairman of the Securities Commission. A decision on provision of the chairman of the Securities Commission with incentives shall be taken collegially by members of the Securities Commission. In each case indicated in paragraph 7 of this Article, a lump sum may be paid not more than once per year and may not exceed 100% of the basic salary.
 
Article 71. Tasks and Functions of the Securities Commission
1. The Securities Commission shall have the following tasks:
1) to supervise observance of the rules of fair trading in respect of circulation of financial instruments;
2) to undertake the measures ensuring an efficient functioning of markets in financial instruments and protection of investors;
3) to submit proposals regarding formation of the state economic policy promoting development of markets in financial instruments;
4) to disseminate information about the principles of functioning of markets in financial instruments;
5) to undertake other measures for implementation of this Law and other legal acts related to a market in financial instruments.
2. In implementing the tasks specified in paragraph 1 of this Article, the Securities Commission shall perform the following functions:
1) draft, approve, amend and declare as void the rules regulating the licensing and activities of regulated markets, financial brokerage firms, financial adviser companies and brokers, circulation of financial instruments;
2) provide explanations and recommendations on issues of circulation of financial instruments;
3) issue or revoke licences of regulated markets, financial brokerage firms, brokers;
4) monitor, analyse, inspect and otherwise supervise the activities of financial brokerage firms, regulated markets and members thereof, the Central Depository and managers of accounts;
5) impose the sanctions specified in this Law and other laws of the Republic of Lithuania on the persons that have violated this Law and resolutions of the Securities Commission;
6) print or participate in the printing of publications about the functioning and regulation of markets in financial instruments;
7) organise examinations and performance appraisals to assess the knowledge and competence of financial brokers;
8) co-operate with associations of financial brokerage firms;
9) conclude agreements with appropriate institutions of other states on co-operation and exchange of information;
10) co-operate and exchange required information with appropriate institutions of other states;
11) co-operate and exchange information with the institutions exercising supervision of credit institutions, insurance undertakings and mediators of insurance undertakings, also other institutions exercising supervision of financial institutions;
12) delegate its representative to the Commission for Co-ordination of Regulation and Supervision of Financial Institutions and Insurance Companies;
13) perform other functions specified by this Law and other laws of the Republic of Lithuania.
3. The Securities Commission must draft and submit to the public and to the Seimas an annual work report. It must describe the development of markets in financial instruments and the main events of the reporting period.
4. Acts or omissions committed by the Securities Commission may be appealed against in accordance with the procedure laid down in the Law on Administrative Proceedings.
 
Article 72. Rights of the Securities Commission in Implementing the Functions Assigned Thereto
1. For the purpose of implementing the functions assigned thereto, the Securities Commission shall have the right:
1) to receive free of charge documents, copies thereof, other data and information from the entities subject to inspection, also state institutions and registers or the entities performing analogous functions;
2) to demand any other available information from persons and if necessary to obtain additional information – to summon such persons and obtain their explanations;
3) to carry out investigations and on-the-spot verifications, invite auditors and experts during them;
4) to employ specialists, experts in appropriate fields (auditors, accountants, lawyers, information technology specialists, etc.) for them to present their opinion, conclusion, assessment or carry out the actions requiring appropriate qualification, knowledge or experience;
5) to obtain existing telephone and existing data traffic records;
6) to require the cessation of any practice that is contrary to the provisions of this Law or the legal acts specifying it;
7) to refer to court for the freezing or the sequestration of assets;
8) to require temporary termination of professional activity;
9) to require auditors of financial brokerage firms and operators of regulated markets to provide information about the audit of these entities;
10) to adopt other measures to ensure that financial brokerage firms and regulated markets continue to comply with the requirements set forth in this Law and other legal acts;
11) to require the suspension of trading in or the removal from trading of a specific financial instrument on a regulated market or under other trading arrangements;
12) to forward the material collected during investigation and another information to law enforcement institutions;
13) to refer to court for defence of a public interest in representing the interests of investors;
14) to make public the information required for the protection of interests of a market or participants thereof.
2. The Securities Commission shall exercise the rights provided for in paragraph 1 of this Article:
1) directly;
2) in collaboration with other supervisory institutions;
3) by application to other persons for the carrying out of certain actions;
4) by application to law enforcement institutions.  
3. Provisions of this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 73. Organisation of Work of the Securities Commission
1. The work of the Securities Commission shall be headed by the chairman and, in the absence thereof, by the deputy chairman.
2. The chairman of the Securities Commission shall:
1) ensure that meetings of the Securities Commission are convened on a regular basis, determine the issues to be considered at each meeting, submit reports on the activity of the Securities Commission, give assignments to members of the Securities Commission between the meetings and check their execution;
2) sign decisions (resolutions) of the Securities Commission;
3) approve the structure and lists of staff of the administration not exceeding the largest allowable number of positions of civil servants and employees as specified by the Seimas and the annual work remuneration fund;
4) be in charge of the administration, unless he authorises an employee of the administration to be in charge thereof.
3. Each member of the Securities Commission shall be responsible for the field of activities assigned to him and shall participate in the consideration and taking of decisions (resolutions) on all issues within the sphere of competence of the Securities Commission. Where an issue considered during a meeting of the Securities Commission is related to the private interests of a member of thereof resulting in a conflict of public and private interest, the member concerned shall, prior to the consideration, give a written notice thereof and shall not have the right to participate in the consideration and taking of a decision (resolution).
4. The Securities Commission shall hold open and closed meetings. The issues related to infringements of this Law and other legal acts as committed by market participants or confidential information shall be considered during closed meetings. Other issues shall be considered during open meetings.
5. A meeting of the Securities Commission may take place where not less than three members of the Securities Commission participate in it.
6. A decision of the Securities Commission shall be taken by a simple majority of votes of participants of a meeting, and a resolution on the adoption, amendment or annulment of legal acts shall be deemed adopted if not less than three members vote for it.
7. Members of the Securities Commission shall have equal rights of the casting vote. A member of the Securities Commission shall not have the right to refuse to vote or restrain from voting. In the event of a tie, the chairman of a meeting shall have the casting vote. Decisions (resolutions) of the Securities Commission shall be taken recorded vote, where this is required by at least one member of the Securities Commission. Decisions (resolutions) of the Securities Commission and reasons therefor shall be made public. The sanctions imposed by the Securities Commission shall be made public not later than within three workings days, with the exception of the cases when such publication would incur damage to a market or would incur disproportionate damage to the persons concerned.
 
Article 74. Delegation of Powers
The Securities Commission make take a decision on authorisation of a member of the Securities Commission or an employee of the administration to perform any of the functions thereof, with the exception of the adoption, amendment or annulment of legal acts, issuance of licences or revocation thereof and imposition of the sanctions provided for in this Law.
 
Article 75. Restrictions on Trading in Financial Instruments for Members and Employees of the Administration of the Securities Commission
1. Seeking to avoid conflicts of interest, members and employees of the administration of the Securities Commission as well as spouses and cohabitants thereof shall be prohibited from transferring the financial instruments traded in a regulated market operating in the Republic of Lithuania earlier than after the lapse of six months from acquisition thereof.
2. The prohibition provided for in paragraph 1 of this Article shall not apply to:
1) inherited financial instruments;
2) the financial instruments subject to an official offer;
3) the financial instruments transferred for management to a portfolio manager;
4) the financial instruments of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania or the Bank of Lithuania.
 
Article 76. Duty of Confidentiality of Members and Employees of the Administration of the Securities Commission and Other Persons
1. Current and former members and employees of the administration of the Securities Commission shall not have the right to make use of confidential information received in the course of their duties at the Securities Commission or to divulge it to other persons. This prohibition shall also apply to auditors, experts and other persons to whom tasks have been delegated by the Securities Commission
2. The following shall not be considered as disclosure of confidential information as prohibited in paragraph 1 of this Article:
1) supply of information about financial brokerage firms and licensed credit institutions in aggregate form such that an individual person cannot be identified;
2) forwarding of information for investigation of a criminal case or for hearing thereof in accordance with the procedure laid down by law;
3) forwarding of information in civil proceedings in the case of bankruptcy or compulsory winding up of a financial brokerage firm or credit institution;
4) forwarding of information in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 82 of this Law.
 
Article 77. Financing of the Securities Commission
The Securities Commission shall be funded from the State budget.
 
SECTION TWO
CO-OPERATION OF THE SECURITIES COMMISSION WITH OTHER SUPERVISORY INSTITUTIONS
 
Article 78. Co-Operation of the Securities Commission with Supervisory Institutions of Other Member States
1. The Securities Commission shall co-operate with supervisory institutions of other Member States for the purpose of performing the functions assigned to it by this Law and other laws. Co-operation shall cover exchange of information, participation in investigation or inspection activities or performance of other supervisory functions at the initiative of any of the supervisory institutions.
2. Where a regulated market operating in another Member States establishes in the Republic of Lithuania the arrangements facilitating remote membership of that regulated market of the entities established in the Republic of Lithuania and/or trading on that regulated market due to which the activity of that regulated market becomes of importance for ensuring the orderly functioning of Lithuanian markets in financial instruments and the protection of the investors, the Securities Commission shall conclude an agreement on co-operation and exchange of information with the supervisory institution of that regulated market.
3. Where a regulated market operating in the Republic of Lithuania establishes in another Member State the arrangements facilitating remote membership of this regulated market of the entities established in that Member State and/or trading on this regulated market, provisions of paragraph 2 of this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis.  
4. The Securities Commission shall co-operate and render other assistance to supervisory institutions of Member States, even in cases where the conduct under investigation does not constitute an infringement of legal acts in the Republic of Lithuania.
5. Where there are good reasons to suspect that acts or omissions carried out by the persons not subject to supervision of the Securities Commission in another Member State are contrary to requirements of legal acts of another Member State, the Securities Commission shall notify this to the supervisory institution of the relevant Member State.
6. Where the supervisory institution of another Member State notifies the Securities Commission about the possible infringements committed by the persons subject to its supervision in another Member State, the Securities Commission shall forthwith take appropriate action and inform thereof the notifying supervisory institution.
7. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 79. Co-operation in Supervisory Activities, in Investigations and On-the-spot Verifications
1. The Securities Commission shall co-operate with supervisory institutions of other Member States in a supervisory activity and in an investigation as well as an on-the-spot verification. To this end, the Securities Commission shall have the right to address supervisory institutions of other Member States for supply of information or rendering of other assistance.
2. In the case of a financial brokerage firm established in another Member State that is a remote member of a regulated market operating in the Republic of Lithuania, the Securities Commission shall have the right to perform the functions of supervision of the regulated market by directly addressing the financial brokerage firm.  In this case, the firm’s supervisory institution must be informed about the action taken in respect of the remote member of the regulated market.
3. The supervisory institution of another Member State shall have the right to apply to the Securities Commission for co-operation and, upon the receipt of consent thereof, carry out an investigation or verification itself, also to request that the investigation or verification be carried out by the Securities Commission or that it assign carrying out thereof to auditors or experts. Investigations and verifications shall be carried out in accordance with the procedure laid down by this Law.
4. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 80. Exchange of Information
1. The Securities Commission shall exchange information with supervisory institutions of other Member States for the purposes of performing the functions assigned to it by this Law.
2. When communicating information to the supervisory institution of another Member State, the Securities Commission shall have the right to demand that the information thus supplied must not be communicated to third parties without a prior consent of the Securities Commission. Such a restriction must be provided for at the time of communicating of information. When granting consent to communicate information to third parties, the Securities Commission must indicate the purposes for which information may be communicated.
3. The Securities Commission shall have the right to transmit the information received from supervisory institutions of other Member States or third countries to institutions of the Republic of Lithuania exercising supervision of credit institutions, insurance undertakings and other financial institutions. The institutions of the Republic of Lithuania which have received the information may not transmit this information to other natural or legal persons without a prior consent of the supervisory institution of another Member State or a foreign state to communicate the information thus supplied and solely for the purposes indicated therein, unless the information is communicated without such a consent or for purposes other than indicated in justified circumstances. In this last case, a notice must be given to the Securities Commission, which shall immediately inform the supervisory institution of another Member State or a third country that sent the notification.  
4. The Securities Commission and other institutions of the Republic of Lithuania exercising supervision of credit institutions, insurance undertakings or other financial institutions shall have the right to use the confidential information received in accordance with the procedure laid down in this Article solely for the purpose of performing their supervisory functions, in particular:
1) to check that the entities subject to supervision fulfil the conditions set out for the issuance of a licence and to monitor compliance with organisational and operation requirements, especially with regard to capital adequacy, administrative and accounting procedures as well as internal-control mechanisms;
2) to monitor the proper functioning of trading venues;
3) to impose sanctions;
4) in hearing of disputes over the decisions taken by supervisory institutions in accordance with the procedure laid down by the Law on Public Administration;
5) in hearing in court of disputes over the decisions taken by supervisory institutions;
6) in hearing of investors’ disputes at extra-judicial (alternative) dispute settlement institutions.
5. Provisions of Articles 76 and 82 of this Law and this Article shall not prevent the Securities Commission from transmitting confidential information to the Bank of Lithuania, the European system of Central Banks and the European Central Bank, to the extent this is necessary for the performance of their monetary functions, also to other state institutions overseeing payment and settlement systems, to the extent this is necessary for the performance of their supervisory functions.  
6. The institutions indicated in paragraph 5 of this Article shall have the right to communicate to the Securities Commission such confidential information as is required for the performance of the functions provided for in this Law.
7. Where the Securities Commission possesses data that the actions prohibited in Articles 62 and 63 of the Law are being or have been carried out on the territory of another Member State of the European Union or they are related to the financial instruments which are traded on a regulated market of such a state, it shall notify this to a relevant foreign supervisory institution.
 
Article 81. Refusal to Co-operate
1. The Securities Commission shall have the right to refuse co-operation or rendering of assistance in carrying out an investigation, on-the-spot verification or performing other supervisory functions as provided for in Article 79 of this Law or exchanging information as provided for in Article 80 of this Law, only where:
1) such an investigation, on-the-spot verification, performance of other supervisory functions or communication of information might adversely affect the sovereignty, security or public policy of the Republic of Lithuania;
2) trial or pre-trial proceedings have already been initiated in respect of the same actions and the same persons in the Republic of Lithuania;
3) final judgement has already been delivered in the Republic of Lithuania in respect of the same persons and the same actions.
2. Where the Securities Commission exercises the right provided for in paragraph 1 of this Article, it shall immediately notify this to the supervisory institution of another Member State which has filed a request for the supply of information or rendering of another assistance indicating reasons for the refusal to co-operate.
 
Article 82. Exchange of Information with Supervisory Institutions of Third Countries
1. In performing the supervisory functions assigned to it, the Securities Commission shall have the right to conclude co-operation agreements providing for the exchange of information with supervisory institutions of third countries if in a third country, the communicated information is subject to requirements for the protection of confidential information at least equivalent to those provided for in Article 76 of this Law.  Personal data may be transferred to the supervisory institution of a third country only in compliance with requirements of the Law on Legal Protection of Personal Data.
2. For the purposes of performance of supervisory functions, the Securities Commission shall also have the right to conclude co-operation agreements providing for the exchange of information with entities of third countries if the communicated confidential information is subject to requirements for the protection of confidential information at least equivalent to those provided for in Article 76 of this Law.  The agreements may be concluded with supervisory institutions, also natural or legal persons responsible for:
1) the supervision of credit institutions, other financial institutions, insurance undertakings and financial markets;
2) conducting of the liquidation and bankruptcy of financial brokerage firms and other similar procedures;
3) carrying out statutory audits of the accounts of financial brokerage firms, credit institutions, other financial institutions and insurance undertakings, in their performance of supervisory functions, or administration of investment compensation schemes, in their performance of supervisory functions;
4) overseeing the persons involved in the liquidation and bankruptcy of financial brokerage firms and other similar procedures;
5) overseeing persons carrying out statutory audits of the accounts of insurance undertakings, credit institutions, financial brokerage firms and other financial institutions.
3. Where the information whose supply is requested from the supervisory institutions of a third country originates in another Member State, it may not be communicated without a prior consent of the supervisory institution which has transmitted the information and solely for the purposes of using the information indicated therein.
4. Provisions of paragraph 3 of this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to the information received from supervisory institutions of third countries.
 
Article 83. Relations with Auditors
1. When carrying out the audit of a financial brokerage firm, an auditor must immediately give a written notice to the Securities Commission about the circumstances or facts which is liable to:
1) constitute a material breach of the laws and other legal acts which lay down the conditions governing the issuance of authorisations or which specifically regulate pursuit of the activities of financial brokerage firms, or
2) affect the continuous functioning of a financial brokerage firm, or
3) lead to refusal to certify the accounts or to expression of reservations.
2. An auditor must also report to the Securities Commission the facts and circumstances indicated in subparagraphs 1-3 of paragraph 1 of this Article which transpire in the course of carrying out of the audit of an undertaking having close links with a financial brokerage firm.
3. The notification of the Securities Commission indicated in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article shall not constitute a breach of legal or contractual restriction on disclosure of confidential information and hence shall not involve an auditor in liability of any kind.
 
Article 84. Alternative (Extra-Judicial) Settlement of Investors’ Disputes
1. The Securities Commission shall encourage the setting-up and functioning of the entities ensuring an efficient alternative (out-of-court) settlement of disputes of investors and the undertakings providing investment services.  
2. The entities indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article shall have the right to mutually exchange information and data, including the cases when settlement of a dispute falls under the jurisdiction of several Member States.
 
SECTION THREE
SUPERVISION OF MARKETS IN FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
 
Article 85. Rights of the Securities Commission in Considering Infringements of the Regulatory Enactments Regulating the Functioning of Markets in Financial Instruments
1. The Securities Commission shall have the right to organise and carry out verifications in order to determine compliance with this Law and the legal acts adopted on the basis thereof.
2. When carrying out a verification, officers of the Securities Commission shall have the right:
1) to receive explanations in writing or orally from the persons involved in the infringements under investigation and request them to arrive to the office premises of the officer carrying out inspection in order to give explanations;
2) upon producing their service card and a reasoned decision of the Securities Commission or a person authorised by it, to carry out a verification (audit), freely enter the premises of financial brokerage firms, credit institutions, operators of regulated markets, the Central Depository, issuers and other legal persons related to the alleged infringements, inspect the documents, record books, and other sources of information needed for the verification and, on the basis of the collected evidence, to receive conclusions from expert institutions;
3) to require that copies of accounting documents, contracts, orders, memorandums and other documents which are deemed important for the purposes of the investigation by the Securities Commission are made;
4) to temporarily seize documents of the financial brokerage firms, credit institutions, operators of regulated markets, the Central Depository, issuers under verification that may be used as evidence of infringements leaving a reasoned decision for seizing the documents and a list of the documents seized;
5) upon producing a reasoned decision of the Securities Commission, to obtain from bank institutions the data, certificates and copies of documents of the financial operations related to the object under verification;
6) to obtain the data and documents or copies thereof related to a person under verification from other economic entities, also from state and municipal institutions.
3. For the purpose of exercising the rights specified in paragraph 2 of this Article, the Securities Commission may invite police officers.
4. Where it has good reasons for suspecting an infringement of provisions of this Law or the resolutions of the Securities Commission adopted on the basis thereof, the Securities Commission shall have the right to prohibit or suspend, for a period not exceeding ten working days, trading on a regulated market or admission of financial instruments to trading on the regulated market.   The Securities Commission may take a decision on the public declaration of an issuer as defaulting on its obligations, temporary prohibition for persons to pursue the professional activity relating to the provision of investment services or temporary sequestration of assets of the persons by a court (judge) ruling passed on the basis of a request of the Securities Commission. Requests of the Securities Commission regarding the sequestration of assets shall be heard by the Vilnius Regional Administrative Court.
5. The Securities Commission may request foreign supervisory institutions to carry out required verifications on the territory of these states and to allow employees of the Securities Commission to participate in such inspections. Where the supervisory institution of a Member State of the European Union does not to act on a request to supply information or refuses to supply information, the Securities Commission may notify this to the Committee of European Securities Regulators.
 
Article 86. Sanctions Imposed against Financial Brokerage Firms and Credit Institutions
1. The Securities Commission shall have the right impose the following sanctions against financial brokerage firms:
1) to warn about the shortcomings and infringements of their activities and to set a deadline to eliminate them;
2) to impose administrative penalties on employees of a financial brokerage firm or the penalties specified in this Law;
3) to revoke a licence for the provision of one, several or all investment services;
4) to appoint a temporary representative of the Securities Commission for supervision of the activities.
2. The Securities Commission shall have the right to apply to licensed credit institutions the sanctions specified in subparagraphs 1 and 2 of paragraph 1 of this Article.
 
Article 87. Basic Principles of and Procedure for Imposing Sanctions
1. The sanctions specified in this Law may be imposed where at least one of the following grounds exists:
1) a financial brokerage firm has supplied false information to the Securities Commission;
2) the information or documents necessary for supervision have not been supplied to the Securities Commission;
3) the conditions under which a licence has been granted are no longer met;
4) the laws or other legal acts of the Republic of Lithuania have been violated;
5) a financial brokerage firm is incapable of discharging obligations according to its commitments or there is evidence that it will not be able to do that in the future.
2. The choice of a sanction shall depend on the content of an infringement  for which it is applied, the impact of the infringement and the sanction on an undertaking and security of the financial system. The issue of imposition of sanctions shall be considered upon giving a notice thereof to a financial brokerage firm and providing it with an opportunity to present explanations. A failure of a representative of the firm to attend the consideration of the issue or to present explanations shall not prevent adoption of a decision concerning the imposition of sanctions.
3. A decision on the imposition of sanctions may be taken where not more than two years have lapsed from the commitment of an infringement, and in the case of a continuing infringement – from the carrying out of last actions.
4. Provisions of this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 88. Temporary Representative for the Supervision of Activities
1. In urgent cases and possessing data about an infringement of legal acts, the Securities Commission shall have the right to appoint a temporary representative for the supervision of activities of a financial brokerage firm for the purpose of prevention of a threat to clients’ financial instruments or the funds transferred to the financial brokerage firm.   
2. Heads of a financial brokerage firm must obtain a consent of a temporary representative for supervision of activities with regard to each decision relating to the activities of an undertaking.
3. A temporary representative shall be recalled in the following cases:
1) upon establishing that a financial brokerage firm is capable of sound functioning;
2) where bankruptcy proceedings have been instituted against the financial brokerage firm.
 
Article 89. Reorganisation of a Financial Brokerage Firm
A financial brokerage firm may be reorganised only subject to a prior agreement by the Securities Commission. The Securities Commission shall have the right to refuse to approve reorganisation only in the case where it would pose a threat to the financial instruments or funds transferred by clients to the financial brokerage firm.
 
Article 90. Bankruptcy of a Financial Brokerage Firm
1. The bankruptcy proceedings of a financial brokerage firm shall be heard solely by court.
2. The Securities Commission shall have the right to file a petition with a court for the initiation of bankruptcy proceedings against a financial brokerage firm.
3. Upon the receipt of a petition for the initiation of bankruptcy proceedings, a court must, on the same day, impose a prohibition upon an undertaking to dispose of bank accounts and financial instruments.
4. Not later than within 15 days of the receipt of a petition, a court shall pass a ruling on the initiation of or refusal to initiate bankruptcy proceedings.
5. The operator of a financial brokerage firm shall repay the funds belonging to the firm’s clients and kept in the firm or in the clients’ accounts with a credit institution managed by the financial brokerage firm and shall transfer the management of the personal financial instruments of the firm’s clients to a manager of accounts indicated by a client.
 
Article 91. Powers of the Securities Commission over the Branches of the Financial Brokerage Firms Licensed in Another Member State as Established in the Republic of Lithuania
1. The Securities Commission shall have the right to demand that a financial brokerage firm which has established a branch in the Republic of Lithuania would regularly provide statistical data on the activities of the branch in the Republic of Lithuania.
2. In performing the supervisory functions specified in this Law, the Securities Commission shall have the right to instruct a branch of a financial brokerage firm to provide the entire information required to assess compliance of the branch with the requirements for the activities of branches as set forth on the basis of Article 40 of this Law.  
3. The instructions of the Securities Commission provided for in paragraph 2 of this Article may not be more stringent than those imposed when exercising supervision of the financial brokerage firms established in the Republic of Lithuania.
4. The Securities Commission shall supervise compliance of the branches of financial brokerage firms established in the Republic of Lithuania with requirements of Articles 22, 24, 25, 31, 33 and 34 of this Law and other legal acts adopted on the basis thereof. To this end, the Securities Commission shall have the right to carry out verifications of a branch with a view to ascertaining compliance with these requirements and to demand elimination of detected infringements.
5. The supervisory institution of a financial brokerage firm which is licensed in another Member State and which has established a branch in the Republic of Lithuania shall have the right to carry out verifications of the branch of the firm established in the Republic of Lithuania upon giving a prior (written) notice thereof to the Securities Commission.
6. The requirements set forth in this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 92. Precautionary Measures to Be Taken by the Securities Commission in Respect of the Financial Brokerage Firms Licensed in Another Member State
1. Having grounds for suspecting that a financial brokerage firm providing investment services in the Republic of Lithuania and licensed in another Member State is in breach of the requirements set forth in this Law, the Securities Commission shall notify this to the supervisory institution of the financial brokerage firm.
2. The notifications indicated in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be submitted where:
1) investment services are provided in the Republic of Lithuania without establishing a branch;
2) investment services are provided in the Republic of Lithuania through the establishment of a branch, and the financial brokerage firm which has established the branch is suspected of being in breach of the requirements set forth in this Law which do not confer powers on the Securities Commission.
3. If, despite the sanctions applied by the supervisory institution of a financial brokerage firm or because the applied sanctions prove inadequate, the financial brokerage firm persists in non-compliance with the requirements set forth in this Law and violates the interests of investors of the Republic of Lithuania or poses a threat to the orderly functioning of markets in financial instruments, the Securities Commission shall have the right, after informing the supervisory institution of the financial brokerage firm, to take all the appropriate measures needed in order to protect investors’ interests and to ensure the orderly functioning of the market. The Securities Commission shall have the right to take the measures preventing offending financial brokerage firms from initiating transactions in financial instruments in the Republic of Lithuania. The Securities Commission shall inform the European Commission of the measures taken without delay.
4. Where the Securities Commission ascertains that a financial brokerage firm licensed in another Member State and operating through a branch in the Republic of Lithuania is in breach of the requirements set forth in this Law which confer powers on the Securities Commission, it shall instruct the financial brokerage firm to put an end to the actions violating the requirements of legal acts. Where the financial brokerage firm persists in infringing the requirements of the legal acts, the Securities Commission shall have the right to apply all required sanctions to put an end to the infringements. The Securities Commission shall notify the supervisory institution of the financial brokerage firm of the measures taken.
5. If, despite the sanctions applied by the Securities Commission, a financial brokerage firm persists in infringing requirements of legal acts of the Republic of Lithuania, the Securities Commission shall have the right, after informing to the supervisory institution of the financial brokerage firm, to apply sanctions to prevent the infringements or to impose the penalties specified in legal acts and, in so far as necessary, to prevent the financial brokerage firm from initiating transactions in financial instruments in the Republic of Lithuania. The Securities Commission shall inform the European Commission of the measures taken without delay.
6. Where the Securities Commission has grounds for suspecting that the requirements set forth in this Law are being breached by a regulated market operating in another Member State or a market operator operating a multilateral trading facility or a financial brokerage firm which have undertaken the actions in the Republic of Lithuania as specified in this Law and aimed at providing an opportunity for the entities established in the Republic of Lithuania to become members of the regulated market or multilateral trading facility operated by them or facilitating trading on it, the Securities Commission shall notify this to the supervisory institution of the operator of the regulated market or the operator of the multilateral trading facility without delay.  If, despite the sanctions applied by the host supervisory institution or because the applied sanctions prove inadequate, the operator of a regulated market or multilateral trading facility persists in infringing interests of the Republic of Lithuania investors or poses a threat to the orderly functioning of markets in financial instruments, the Securities Commission shall have the right, after informing the host supervisory institution, to take all the appropriate measures needed in order to protect the investors’ interests and to ensure the smooth/proper functioning of the markets. The Securities Commission shall have the right not to allow the operator of a regulated market or multilateral trading facility to undertake the actions in the Republic of Lithuania aiming at providing an opportunity for the entities established in the Republic of Lithuania to become members of that regulated market or multilateral trading facility or facilitating trading on it.  The Securities Commission shall inform the European Commission of the measures taken without delay.
7. All the sanctions which the Securities Commission may apply in the cases indicated in this Article must be justified and reasoned, and a financial brokerage firm or the operator of a regulated market shall be informed of the applied sanctions without delay.
8. Provisions of this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 93. Supervision of Activities of Financial Brokerage Firms of the Republic of Lithuania in Third Countries
1. The Securities Commission shall supervise compliance of the financial brokerage firms of the Republic of Lithuania providing investment services in a third country with prudential requirements. Where the supervisory institution of a third country notifies of the infringements committed by a financial brokerage firm, the Securities Commission must apply sanctions and notify this to the supervisory institution of the third country.
2. The Securities Commission shall have the right to request the supervisory institution of a third country to carry out a verification of activities of a branch of a financial brokerage firm or to carry out the verification itself after informing the supervisory institution of the third country.
3. Upon revoking the licence of a financial brokerage firm providing investment services in a third country, the Securities Commission shall inform the supervisory institution of the third country without delay.
 
SECTION FOUR
LIABILITY FOR INFRINGEMENTS OF THE LAW
 
Article 94. Consequences of an Infringement of the Law
The persons who have violated this Law must:
1) carry out instructions of the Securities Commission to put an end to actions, restore the previous condition, perform other obligations;
2) reimburse the damage incurred;
3) implement the sanctions specified in this Law and imposed by the Securities Commission.
 
Article 95. Pecuniary Penalties for Infringements of the Law
1. The Securities Commission shall have the right to impose pecuniary penalties:
1) on the legal persons providing investment services without the licence specified in this Law, when such a licence is required – in the amount of up to LTL 100 000 where the illegally received income does not exceed LTL 100 000, and in the amount of up to the double amount of the illegally received income where the illegally received income exceeds LTL 100 000;
2) on the legal persons failing to comply with the requirements set forth in Chapter II of this Law - in the amount of up to LTL 100 000;
3) on the legal persons pursuing the activities of the operator of a regulated market without the licence specified in this Law – in the amount of up to LTL 100 000 where the amount of the illegally received income does not exceed LTL 100 000, and in the amount of up to the double amount of the illegally received income where the amount of the illegally received income exceeds LTL 100 000;
4) on the operators of a regulated market failing to comply with the requirements set forth in Chapter III of this Law - in the amount of up to LTL 100 000;
5) on the legal persons failing to comply with the requirements set forth in Chapter IV of this Law – in the amount of up to LTL 100 000 where the amount of the illegally received income does not exceed LTL 100 000, and in the amount of up to the threefold amount of the illegally received income where the amount of the illegally received income exceeds LTL 100 000;
6) on the legal persons failing to comply with the pre-trade and post-trade transparency requirements set forth in this Law – in the amount of up to LTL 100 000;
7) on the legal persons failing to comply with instructions of the Securities Commission, supply the information indicated in this Law and other laws to the Securities Commission or hindering the Securities Commission or the persons authorised by it to carry out investigations or verifications – in the amount of up to LTL 100 000.
2. Application of the sanctions specified in paragraph 1 of this Article against legal persons shall not release heads thereof from the civil, administrative and criminal liability specified by laws, also shall not prevent the Securities Commission from considering the issue of suspension or revocation of the licences issued by it.
 
Article 96. Procedure for Imposing Pecuniary Penalties
1. Prior to considering the issue of imposition of the pecuniary penalties specified by this Law, the Securities Commission shall lay down a time limit of not less than five days for the submission of clarifications and shall give a notice thereof to a legal person whose actions are subject to an investigation. Where the clarifications are not received within the indicated time limit, it shall be considered that submission thereof has been refused.
2. The Securities Commission shall give a notice by registered mail of the date and time of a sitting to consider the issue of imposition of a penalty to a person whose actions are subject to an investigation. Representatives and advocates thereof shall have the right to participate in consideration of this issue at the sitting.  A failure of the representative of the person whose actions are subject to the investigation to arrive to the sitting shall not hinder consideration the issues of imposition of a penalty where the person has been notified of the consideration.
3. Representatives of a person shall have the right to familiarise with the material evidencing an infringement, submit clarifications, present evidence, make use of the assistance of an advocate.
4. Upon considering the entire available material related to the suspected infringement, the Securities Commission shall have the right:
1) to impose a pecuniary penalty specified by this Law;
2) to terminate investigation in the absence of an infringement or a legal basis for imposition of a penalty;
3) to continue investigation.
5. The Securities Commission shall differentiate the amount of the pecuniary penalty to be imposed taking into consideration:
1) the extent of the damage incurred by the infringement;
2) duration of the infringement;
3) amount of income that the person has received as a result of the infringement;
4) mitigating or aggravating circumstances.
6. Voluntary prevention of the detrimental consequences of an infringement by a person suspected of commitment of the infringement, his assistance to the Securities Commission in the investigation of the infringement, compensation of losses or elimination of the incurred damage shall be considered as mitigating circumstances. The Securities Commission may resolve to consider as mitigating other circumstances not provided for herein.
7. Impeding of the investigation procedure by a person suspected of commitment of the infringement, concealment of the infringement, persistent infringement despite a commitment to discontinue illegal actions or a repeated infringement for which a pecuniary penalty specified in this Law has already been imposed shall be considered as aggravating circumstances.
8. A decision of the Securities Commission shall be posted by registered mail within 3 working days to a person whose actions were subject to investigation or delivered against signature to a representative thereof.
 
Article 97. Recovery of Pecuniary Penalties
Pecuniary penalties shall be paid into the State budget not later than within one month of the receipt of a decision of the Securities Commission on the imposition of a pecuniary penalty. Where the pecuniary penalty has not been paid voluntarily, the decision of the Securities Commission on the imposition of the pecuniary penalty shall be enforced in accordance with the procedure laid down by the Code of Civil Procedure.
 
CHAPTER VII
FINAL PROVISIONS
 
Article 98. Final Provisions
1. A financial brokerage firm which holds the licence of a financial brokerage firm issued by the Securities Commission prior to the entry into force of this Law and meets the requirements set forth in Articles 9-13 and Article 16 of this Law shall have the right to provide investment services and exercise other rights specified in this Law.  
2. A financial brokerage firm which holds the licence of a financial brokerage firm issued by the Securities Commission prior to the entry into force of this Law, but does not meet the requirements set forth in Articles 9-13 and Article 16 of this Law shall have the licence of the financial brokerage firm revoked in accordance with the procedure laid down in this Law.
3. The operator of a regulated market whose administered system holds the licence of a regulated market issued by the Securities Commission prior to the entry into force of this Law and meets the requirements set forth in Chapter III of this Law shall have the right to pursue the activities of a regulated market and exercise other rights specified in this Law.
4. The operator of a regulated market whose administered system holds the licence of a regulated market issued by the Securities Commission prior to the entry into force of this Law, but does not meet the requirements set forth in Chapter III of this Law shall have the licence of the regulated market revoked in accordance with the procedure laid down in this Law.
5. Where a financial brokerage firm treats a person as a professional client in compliance with the criteria and procedures similar to those indicated in Article 28 of this Law prior to the entry into force of this Law, it shall not be under the obligation to repeat the procedure of declaration of the person a professional client.  
6. The financial brokerage firms which concluded contracts with clients on the provision of investment and/or ancillary services prior to the entry into force of this Law must amend these contracts by 31 December 2007 so that they meet the requirements set forth in this Law. Investment and/or ancillary services may be provided after 31 December 2007 only to the clients wherewith the contracts on the provision of investment and/or ancillary services meeting the requirements of this Law have been concluded.
7. Provisions of paragraphs 1, 2, 5 and 6 of this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to licensed credit institutions.
 
Article 99. Application of Provisions of the Law
1. The provisions of this Law setting forth new requirements for the persons providing investment services and/or regulated markets and operators thereof which have not been set forth in the Republic of Lithuania Law on the Securities Market, which was in force prior to the entry into force of this Law, shall apply from 1 November 2007. As of the entry into force of this Law, references to the Republic of Lithuania Law on the Securities Market shall, within the scope of this Law, be considered references to this Law, and references to the definitions provided in the Republic of Lithuania Law on the Securities Market shall be considered references to the respective definitions provided in this Law, with the exception of references to the Republic of Lithuania Law on the Securities Market which should, within the scope of the Republic of Lithuania Law on Securities, be considered references to the Republic of Lithuania Law on Securities, also references to the definitions provided in the Republic of Lithuania Law on the Securities Market which should, within the scope of the Republic of Lithuania Law on Securities, be considered references to the Republic of Lithuania Law on Securities.
2. Upon the entry into force of this Law, the following laws shall be repealed:
1)   the Republic of Lithuania Law on Public Trading in Securities (Valstybės žinios (Official Gazette) No 16-412, 1996);
2)   the Republic of Lithuania Law Supplementing Article 3 of the Law on Public Trading in Securities (Valstybės žinios (Official Gazette) No 41-992, 1996);
3)   the Republic of Lithuania Provisional Law Supplementing Article 41 of the Law on Public Trading in Securities (Valstybės žinios (Official Gazette) No 71-1713, 1996);
4)   the Republic of Lithuania Law Amending the Law on Public Trading in Securities (Valstybės žinios (Official Gazette) No 33-873, 1998);
5)   the Republic of Lithuania Law Amending Articles 3, 7 of the Law on Public Trading in Securities (Valstybės žinios (Official Gazette) No 61-1824, 2000);
6)   the Republic of Lithuania Law Amending Articles 28, 38 and Supplementing Article 41 of the Law on Public Trading in Securities (Valstybės žinios (Official Gazette) No 61-1837, 2000);
7)   the Republic of Lithuania Law Amending Article 41 of the Law on Public Trading in Securities (Valstybės žinios (Official Gazette) No 39-1347, 2001);
8)   the Republic of Lithuania Law Amending Articles 3, 10 of the Law on Public Trading in Securities (Valstybės žinios (Official Gazette) No 43-1497, 2001);
9)   the Republic of Lithuania Law Amending Article 28 of the Law on Public Trading in Securities (Valstybės žinios (Official Gazette) No 85-2971, 2001);
10) the Republic of Lithuania Law Amending the Law on Public Trading in Securities (Valstybės žinios (Official Gazette) No 112-4074, 2001);
11) the Republic of Lithuania Law Amending Article 51 of the Law on Public Trading in Securities (Valstybės žinios (Official Gazette) No 38-1687, 2003);
12) the Republic of Lithuania Law Amending Articles 2, 3, 48, 57 of the Law on Public Trading in Securities (Valstybės žinios (Official Gazette) No 74-3434, 2003);
13) the Republic of Lithuania Law Amending Articles 1, 2, 3, 8, 9, 10, 11, 15, 16, 17, 19, 20, 22, 23, 26, 27, 29, 36, 40, 41, 48, 51, 52, 53, 57, 59, 61, 65 of the Law on the Securities Market and Supplementing the Law with Article 19(1) and an Annex (Valstybės žinios (Official Gazette) No 73-2514, 2004);
14) the Republic of Lithuania Law Amending the Law on the Securities Market (Valstybės žinios (Official Gazette) No 84-3108, 2005);
15) the Republic of Lithuania Law Amending Articles 2, 6, 7, 13, 14, 17, 18, 19, 19(1), 40, 45, 52, 61 of the Law on the Securities Market, Supplementing the Law with Section Three(1) and Supplementing the Annex to the Law (Valstybės žinios (Official Gazette) No 77-2963, 2006).
 
Article 100. Proposal to the Government
To propose that the Government draft and submit to the Seimas by 1 September 2007 the draft laws amending and/or supplementing the laws making references to the Republic of Lithuania Law on the Securities Market.  
 
I promulgate this Law passed by the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania.
 
 
PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC                                                 VALDAS ADAMKUS
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                   Annex to
Republic of Lithuania
Law on Markets in Financial Instruments
 
 
 
IMPLEMENTED EU LEGAL ACTS
 
1. Directive 2001/34/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 May 2001 on the admission of securities to official stock exchange listing and on information to be published on these securities (OJ 2004 special edition, Chapter 6, Volume 4, p. 24).
2. Directive 2003/6/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2003 on insider dealing and market manipulation (market abuse) (OJ 2004 special edition, Chapter 6, Volume 4, p. 367).
3. Directive 2004/39/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 April 2004 on markets in financial instruments amending Council Directives 85/611/EEC and 93/6/EEC and Directive 2000/12/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Council Directive 93/22/EEC (OJ 2004 special edition, Chapter 6, Volume 7, p. 263).