Rules of the Air (Jersey) Order 2000

Link to law: http://www.jerseylaw.je/Law/display.aspx?url=lawsinforce%2fconsolidated%2f03%2f03.105.60_RulesoftheAirOrder2000_RevisedEdition_1January2006.htm
Published: 2006-01-01

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Rules of the Air (Jersey) Order 2000

Revised Edition

03.105.60

Showing the law as at 1 January 2006

This is a revised edition of the law

Rules of the Air (Jersey) Order 2000

Arrangement

Article

1            Rules of the Air

2            Citation

SCHEDULE

Rules of the Air (Jersey) 2000

SECTION I

INTERPRETATION

1            Interpretation

SECTION II

GENERAL

2            Application of Rules to aircraft

3            Misuse of signals and markings

4            Reporting hazardous conditions

5            Low flying

6            Simulated instrument flight

7            Practice instrument approaches

SECTION III

LIGHTS AND OTHER SIGNALS TO BE SHOWN OR MADE BY AIRCRAFT

8            General

9            Display of lights by aircraft

10          Failure of navigation and anti-collision lights

11          Flying machines

12          Gliders

13          Free balloons

14          Captive balloons and kites

15          Airships

SECTION IV

GENERAL FLIGHT RULES

16          Weather reports and forecasts

17          Rules for avoiding aerial collisions

18          Aerobatic manoeuvres

19          Requirement to comply with air traffic control unit instructions

20          Notification of arrival and departure

21          Flight in Class A airspace

22          Choice of VFR or IFR

23          Speed Limitation

SECTION V

VISUAL FLIGHT RULES

24          Visual flight and reported visibility

25          Flight within controlled airspace

26          Flight outside controlled airspace

27          VFR flight plan and air traffic control clearance

SECTION VI

INSTRUMENT FLIGHT RULES

28          Instrument Flight Rules

29          Minimum height

30          Quadrantal rule and semi-circular rule

31          Flight plan and air traffic control clearance

32          Position reports

SECTION VII

AERODROME TRAFFIC RULES

33          Application of aerodrome traffic Rules

34          Visual signals

35          Movement of aircraft on aerodromes

36          Access to and movement of persons and vehicles on the aerodrome

37          Right of way on the ground

38          Launching, picking up and dropping of tow ropes, etc.

39          Flight within aerodrome traffic zones

SECTION VIII

SPECIAL RULES

40          Use of radio navigation aids

SECTION IX

AERODROME SIGNALS AND MARKINGS – VISUAL AND AURAL SIGNALS

41          General

42‎          ‎

43          Markings for paved runways and taxiways

44          Markings on unpaved manoeuvring areas

45          Signals visible from the ground

46          Lights and pyrotechnic signals for control of aerodrome traffic

47          Marshalling signals (from a marshaller to an aircraft)

48          Marshalling signals (from a pilot of an aircraft to a marshaller)

49          Distress, urgency and safety signals

Supporting Documents

Endnotes

Table of Legislation History

Table of Renumbered Provisions

Table of Endnote References



Rules of the Air (Jersey) Order 2000

THE HARBOURS AND AIRPORT COMMITTEE in pursuance of Article 74(1) of the Air Navigation (No. 2) Order 1995 as it applies in relation to Jersey pursuant to the Air Navigation (Jersey) Order 2000,[1] orders as follows –

Commencement [see endnotes]

1      Rules of the Air

The Rules of the Air set out in the Schedule to this Order shall have effect and may be cited as the Rules of the Air (Jersey) 2000.

2      Citation

This Order may be cited as the Rules of the Air (Jersey) Order 2000.



SCHEDULE

(Article 1)

Rules of the Air (Jersey) 2000

SECTION I

INTERPRETATION

1      Interpretation

(1)    In these Rules, unless the context otherwise requires –

“air traffic control clearance” means authorization by an air traffic control unit for an aircraft to proceed under conditions specified by that unit;

“Airport Director” has the same meaning as in the Aerodromes (Administration) (Jersey) Law 1952;[2]

“anti-collision light” means –

(a)     in relation to rotorcraft a flashing red light;

(b)     in relation to any other aircraft a flashing red or flashing white light,

and in either case showing in all directions for the purpose of enabling the aircraft to be more readily detected by the pilots of distant aircraft;

“ground visibility” means the horizontal visibility at ground level;

“IFR flight” means a flight conducted in accordance with the Instrument Flight Rules in Section VI of these Rules;

“principal Order” means the Air Navigation (No. 2) Order 1995 as it applies in relation to Jersey pursuant to the Air Navigation (Jersey) Order 2000;[3]

“runway” means an area, whether or not paved, which is provided for the take-off or landing run of aircraft;

“special VFR flight” means a flight made at any time in a control zone which is Class A airspace, or in any other control zone in Instrument Meteorological Conditions or at night, in respect of which the appropriate air traffic control unit has given permission for the flight to be made in accordance with special instructions given by that unit instead of in accordance with the Instrument Flight Rules and in the course of which flight the aircraft complies with any instructions given by that unit and remains clear of cloud and in sight of the surface;

“VFR flight” means a flight conducted in accordance with the Visual Flight Rules in Section V of these Rules.

(2)    In these Rules, unless the context otherwise requires –

(a)     a reference to a Rule by number only is a reference to the Rule of that number in these Rules;

(b)     a reference to a paragraph, sub-paragraph or clause by number or letter only is a reference to the paragraph, sub-paragraph or clause of that number or letter in the Rule, paragraph or sub-paragraph in which the reference appears.

(3)    Subject to paragraph (1) expressions used in these Rules shall, unless the context otherwise requires, have the same respective meanings as in the principal Order.

SECTION II

GENERAL

2      Application of Rules to aircraft

These Rules, in so far as they are applicable in relation to aircraft, shall, subject to the provisions of Rule 33, apply in relation to all aircraft within Jersey.

3      Misuse of signals and markings

(1)    A signal or marking to which a meaning is given by these Rules, or which is required by these Rules to be used in circumstances, or for a purpose therein specified, shall not be used except with that meaning, or for that purpose.

(2)    A person in an aircraft or on an aerodrome or at any place at which an aircraft is taking off or landing shall not make any signal which may be confused with a signal specified in these Rules, and, except with lawful authority, shall not make any signal which the person knows or ought reasonably to know to be a signal in use for signalling to or from any of Her Majesty's naval, military or air force aircraft.

4      Reporting hazardous conditions

The commander of an aircraft shall, on meeting with hazardous conditions in the course of a flight, or as soon as possible thereafter, send to the appropriate air traffic control unit by the quickest means available information containing such particulars of the hazardous conditions as may be pertinent to the safety of other aircraft.

5      Low flying

(1)    Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3) –

(a)     an aircraft shall not fly below such height as would enable the aircraft to alight without danger to persons or property on the surface, in the event of failure of a power unit;

(b)     an aircraft shall not fly –

(i)     over, or within 1000 metres of, any assembly in the open air of more than 1000 persons assembled for the purpose of witnessing or participating in any organised event, except with the permission in writing of the Minister[4] and in accordance with any conditions therein specified and with the consent in writing of the organisers of the event, or

(ii)    below such height as would enable it to alight clear of the assembly in the event of the failure of a power unit and if such an aircraft is towing a banner such height shall be calculated on the basis that the banner shall not be dropped within 1000 metres of the assembly;

(c)     an aircraft shall not fly closer than 500 feet to any person, vessel, vehicle or structure.

(2)    

(a)     Paragraphs (1)(b) and (1)(c) shall not apply to an aircraft flying under and in accordance with the terms of a police air operator’s certificate.

(b)     Paragraphs (1)(b)(i) and (1)(c) shall not apply to the flight of an aircraft over or within 1000 metres of an assembly of persons gathered for the purposes of witnessing or participating in an event which consists wholly or partly of a flying display for which a permission under Article 61 of the principal Order is required, if the aircraft is taking part in such display or is engaged on a flight arranged by or made with the consent of the organizers of the event and the flight is made –

(i)     in accordance with the terms of a permission granted to the flying display director under Article 61 of the principal Order, and

(ii)    in accordance with the conditions of a pilot display authorization granted to the pilot under Article 61 of the principal Order;

(c)     Paragraph (1)(c) shall not apply to –

(i)     any aircraft while it is landing or taking off in accordance with normal aviation practice,

(ii)    any glider while it is hill-soaring,

(iii)   any aircraft while it is flying in accordance with Article 48(3)(f) of the principal Order,

(iv)   any aircraft while it is flying under and in accordance with the terms of an aerial application certificate granted to the operator thereof under Article 50 of the principal Order, or

(v)    any aircraft while it is flying for the purpose of picking up or dropping tow ropes, banners or similar articles at an aerodrome.

(3)    Nothing in this Rule shall prohibit an aircraft from flying in such a manner as is necessary for the purpose of saving life.

(4)    

(a)     Subject to sub-paragraph (b), nothing in this Rule shall prohibit any aircraft from flying in accordance with normal aviation practice, for the purpose of taking off from, landing at or practising approaches to landing at, or checking navigational aids or procedures at, a Government aerodrome or a licensed aerodrome in Jersey or at any aerodrome in any other country;

(b)     The practising of approaches to landing shall be confined to the airspace customarily used by aircraft when landing or taking off in accordance with normal aviation practice at the aerodrome concerned.

(5)    Nothing in this Rule shall apply to any captive balloon or kite.

6      Simulated instrument flight

(1)    An aircraft shall not be flown in simulated instrument flight conditions unless –

(a)     the aircraft is fitted with dual controls which are functioning properly;

(b)     an additional pilot (in this Rule called a “safety pilot”) is carried in a second control seat of the aircraft for the purpose of rendering such assistance as may be necessary to the pilot flying the aircraft; and

(c)     if the safety pilot’s field of vision is not adequate both forward and to each side of the aircraft, a third person, being a competent observer, occupies a position in the aircraft which from the observer’s field of vision makes good the deficiencies in that of the safety pilot, and from which the observer can readily communicate with the safety pilot.

(2)    For the purposes of this Rule the expression “simulated instrument flight” means a flight during which mechanical or optical devices are used in order to reduce the field of vision or the range of visibility from the cockpit of the aircraft.

7      Practice instrument approaches

(1)    Within Jersey an aircraft shall not carry out instrument approach practice when flying in Visual Meteorological Conditions unless –

(a)     the appropriate air traffic control unit has previously been informed that the flight is to be made for the purpose of instrument approach practice; and

(b)     if the flight is not being carried out in simulated instrument flight conditions, a competent observer is carried in such a position in the aircraft that the observer has an adequate field of vision and can readily communicate with the pilot flying the aircraft.

(2)    For the purposes of this Rule the expression “simulated instrument flight” shall have the same meaning as in Rule 6.

SECTION III

LIGHTS AND OTHER SIGNALS TO BE SHOWN OR MADE BY AIRCRAFT

8      General

(1)    For the purposes of this section of these Rules the horizontal plane of a light shown in an aircraft means the plane which would be the horizontal plane passing through the source of that light, if the aircraft were in level flight.

(2)    Where by reason of the physical construction of an aircraft it is necessary to fit more than one lamp in order to show a light required by this section of these Rules, the lamps shall be so fitted and constructed that, so far as is reasonably practicable, not more than one such lamp is visible from any one point outside the aircraft.

(3)    Where in these Rules a light is required to show through specified angles in the horizontal plane, the lamps giving such light shall be so constructed and fitted that the light is visible from any point in any vertical plane within those angles throughout angles of 90° above and below the horizontal plane, but, so far as is reasonably practicable, through no greater angle, either in the horizontal plane or the vertical plane.

(4)    Where in these Rules a light is required to show in all directions, the lamps giving such light shall be so constructed and fitted that, so far as is reasonably practicable, the light is visible from any point in the horizontal plane and on any vertical plane passing through the source of that light.

9      Display of lights by aircraft

(1)    

(a)     By night an aircraft shall display such of the lights specified in these Rules as may be appropriate to the circumstances of the case, and shall not display any other lights which might obscure or otherwise impair the visibility of, or be mistaken for, such lights;

(b)     By day an aircraft fitted with an anti-collision light shall display such a light in flight.

(2)    A flying machine on a Jersey aerodrome shall –

(a)     display by night either the lights which it would be required to display when flying or the lights specified in Rule 11(2)(c) unless it is stationary on the apron or part of the aerodrome provided for the maintenance of aircraft;

(b)     display when stationary on the apron by day or night with engines running a red anti-collision light, if fitted.

(3)    Notwithstanding the provisions of this section of these Rules the commander of an aircraft may switch off or reduce the intensity of any flashing light fitted to the aircraft if such a light does or is likely to –

(a)     adversely affect the performance of the duties of any member of the flight crew; or

(b)     subject an outside observer to unreasonable dazzle.

10    Failure of navigation and anti-collision lights

(1)    In Jersey, in the event of the failure of any light which is required by these Rules to be displayed at night, if the light cannot be immediately repaired or replaced the aircraft shall not depart from the aerodrome and, if in flight, shall land as soon as in the opinion of the commander of the aircraft it can safely do so, unless authorized by the appropriate air traffic control unit to continue its flight.

(2)    In Jersey, in the event of a failure of an anti-collision light when flying by day, an aircraft may continue to fly by day provided that the light is repaired at the earliest practicable opportunity.

11    Flying machines

(1)    A flying machine when flying at night shall display lights as follows –

(a)     in the case of a flying machine registered in the United Kingdom having a maximum total weight authorized of more than 5700 kg or any other flying machine registered in the United Kingdom which conforms to a type first issued with a type certificate on or after 1st April 1988 the system of lights in paragraph (2)(b);

(b)     in the case of a flying machine registered in the United Kingdom which conforms to a type first issued with a type certificate before 1st April 1988 having a maximum total weight authorized of 5700 kg or less, any one of the following systems of lights –

(i)     that specified in paragraph (2)(a), or that specified in paragraph (2)(b), or

(ii)    that specified in paragraph (2)(d), excluding clause (ii);

(c)     in the case of any other flying machine one of the systems of lights specified in paragraph (2).

(2)    The systems of lights referred to in paragraph (1) are as follows –

(a)     

(i)     a steady green light of at least 5 candela showing to the starboard side through an angle of 110° from dead ahead in the horizontal plane,

(ii)    a steady red light of at least 5 candela showing to the port side through an angle of 110° from dead ahead in the horizontal plane, and

(iii)   a steady white light of at least 3 candela showing through angles of 70° from dead astern to each side in the horizontal plane;

(b)     

(i)     the lights specified in sub-paragraph (a), and

(ii)    an anti-collision light;

(c)     the lights specified in sub-paragraph (a), but all being flashing lights flashing together;

(d)     the lights specified in sub-paragraph (a), but all being flashing lights flashing together in alternation with one or both of the following –

(i)     a flashing white light of at least 20 candela showing in all directions,

(ii)    a flashing red light of at least 20 candela showing through angles of 70° from dead astern to each side in the horizontal plane.

(3)    If the lamp showing either the red or the green light specified in paragraph (2)(a) is fitted more than 2 metres from the wing tip, a lamp may, notwithstanding Rule 9(1), be fitted at the wing tip to indicate its position showing a steady light of the same colour through the same angle.

12    Gliders

A glider while flying at night shall display either a steady red light of at least 5 candela, showing in all directions, or lights in accordance with Rule 11(2) and (3).

13    Free balloons

A free balloon while flying at night shall display a steady red light of at least 5 candela showing in all directions, suspended not less than 5 metres and not more than 10 metres below the basket, or if there is no basket, below the lowest part of the balloon.

14    Captive balloons and kites

(1)    A captive balloon or kite while flying at night at a height exceeding 60 metres above the surface shall display lights as follows –

(a)     a group of 2 steady lights consisting of a white light placed 4 metres above a red light, both being of at least 5 candela and showing in all directions, the white light being placed not less than 5 metres or more than 10 metres below the basket, or if there is no basket, below the lowest part of the balloon or kite;

(b)     on the mooring cable, at intervals of not more than 300 metres measured from the group of lights referred to in sub-paragraph (a), groups of 2 lights of the colour and power and in the relative positions specified in that sub-paragraph, and, if the lowest group of lights is obscured by cloud, an additional group below the cloud base; and

(c)     on the surface, a group of 3 flashing lights arranged in a horizontal plane at the apexes of a triangle, approximately equilateral, each side of which measures at least 25 metres; one side of the triangle shall be approximately at right angles to the horizontal projection of the cable and shall be delimited by 2 red lights; the third light shall be a green light so placed that the triangle encloses the object on the surface to which the balloon or kite is moored.

(2)    A captive balloon while flying by day at a height exceeding 60 metres above the surface shall have attached to its mooring cable at intervals of not more than 200 metres measured from the basket, or, if there is no basket, from the lowest part of the balloon, tubular streamers not less than 40 centimetres in diameter and 2 metres in length, and marked with alternate bands of red and white 50 centimetres wide.

(3)    A kite flown in the circumstances referred to in paragraph (2) shall have attached to its mooring cable either –

(a)     tubular streamers as specified in paragraph (2); or

(b)     at intervals of not more than 100 metres measured from the lowest part of the kite, streamers not less than 80 centimetres long and 30 centimetres wide at their widest point and marked with alternate bands of red and white 10 centimetres wide.

15    Airships

(1)    Except as provided in paragraph (2), an airship while flying at night shall display the following lights –

(a)     a steady white light of at least 5 candela showing through angles of 110° from dead ahead to each side in the horizontal plane;

(b)     a steady green light of at least 5 candela showing to the starboard side through an angle of 110° from dead ahead in the horizontal plane;

(c)     a steady red light of at least 5 candela showing to the port side through an angle of 110° from dead ahead in the horizontal plane;

(d)     a steady white light of at least 5 candela showing through angles of 70° from dead astern to each side in the horizontal plane; and

(e)     an anti-collision light.

(2)    

(a)     Subject to sub-paragraph (b), an airship while flying at night shall display, if it is not under command, or has voluntarily stopped its engines, or is being towed, the following steady lights –

(i)     the white lights referred to in paragraph (1)(a) and (d),

(ii)    2 red lights, each of at least 5 candela and showing in all directions suspended below the control car so that one is at least 4 metres above the other and at least 8 metres below the control car, and

(iii)   if the airship is making way but not otherwise, the green and red lights referred to in paragraph (1)(b) and (c).

(b)     An airship while picking up its moorings, notwithstanding that it is not under command, shall display only the lights specified in paragraph (1).

(3)    An airship, while moored within Jersey by night, shall display the following steady lights –

(a)     when moored to a mooring mast, at or near the rear a white light of at least 5 candela showing in all directions;

(b)     when moored otherwise than to a mooring mast –

(i)     a white light of at least 5 candela showing through angles of 110° from dead ahead to each side in the horizontal plane, and

(ii)    a white light of at least 5 candela showing through angles of 70° from dead astern to each side in the horizontal plane.

(4)    An airship while flying by day, if it is not under command, or has voluntarily stopped its engines, or is being towed, shall display 2 black balls suspended below the control car so that one is at least 4 metres above the other and at least 8 metres below the control car.

(5)    For the purposes of this Rule –

(a)     an airship shall be deemed not to be under command when it is unable to execute a manoeuvre which it may be required to execute by or under these Rules;

(b)     an airship shall be deemed to be making way when it is not moored and is in motion relative to the air.

SECTION IV

GENERAL FLIGHT RULES

16    Weather reports and forecasts

Immediately before an aircraft flies the commander of the aircraft shall examine the current reports and forecasts of the weather conditions on the proposed flight path, being reports and forecasts which it is reasonably practicable for the commander to obtain, in order to determine whether Instrument Meteorological Conditions prevail or are likely to prevail during any part of the flight.

17    Rules for avoiding aerial collisions

(1)    General

(a)     Notwithstanding that the flight is being made with air traffic control clearance it shall remain the duty of the commander of an aircraft to take all possible measures to ensure that the commander’s aircraft does not collide with any other aircraft.

(b)     An aircraft shall not be flown in such proximity to other aircraft as to create a danger of collision.

(c)     Subject to sub-paragraph (f), aircraft shall not fly in formation unless –

(i)     the commanders of the aircraft have agreed to do so, and

(ii)    the Airport Director has given permission.

(d)     An aircraft which is obliged by these Rules to give way to another aircraft shall avoid passing over or under the other aircraft, or crossing ahead of it, unless passing well clear of it.

(e)     Subject to sub-paragraph (f), an aircraft which has the right-of-way under this Rule shall maintain its course and speed.

(f)     Sub-paragraphs (c) and (e) shall not apply to an aircraft flying under and in accordance with the terms of a police air operator’s certificate.

(2)    Converging

(a)     Subject to paragraphs (3) and (4), an aircraft in the air shall give way to other converging aircraft as follows –

(i)     flying machines shall give way to airships, gliders and balloons,

(ii)    airships shall give way to gliders and balloons,

(iii)   gliders shall give way to balloons.

(b)     

(i)     Subject to sub-paragraphs (a) and (b)(ii), when 2 aircraft are converging in the air at approximately the same altitude, the aircraft which has the other on its right shall give way.

(ii)    Mechanically driven aircraft shall give way to aircraft which are towing other aircraft or objects.

(3)    Approaching head-on

When 2 aircraft are approaching head-on or approximately so in the air and there is danger of collision, each shall alter its course to the right.

(4)    Overtaking

(a)     Subject to sub-paragraph (b), an aircraft which is being overtaken in the air shall have the right-of-way and the overtaking aircraft, whether climbing, descending or in horizontal flight, shall keep out of the way of the other aircraft by altering course to the right, and shall not cease to keep out of the way of the other aircraft until that other aircraft has been passed and is clear, notwithstanding any change in the relative positions of the 2 aircraft.

(b)     A glider overtaking another glider in Jersey may alter its course to the right or to the left.

(5)    Flight in the vicinity of an aerodrome

Without prejudice to Rule 39, a flying machine, glider or airship while flying in the vicinity of what the commander of the aircraft knows or ought reasonably to know to be an aerodrome, or moving on an aerodrome, shall, unless the appropriate air traffic control unit otherwise authorizes –

(a)     conform to the pattern of traffic formed by other aircraft intending to land at that aerodrome, or keep clear of the airspace in which the pattern is formed; and

(b)     conform to all air traffic control unit instructions.

(6)    Order of landing

(a)     An aircraft while landing or on final approach to land shall have the right-of-way over other aircraft in flight or on the ground or water.

(b)     (i)     Subject to clause (ii), in the case of 2 or more flying machines, gliders or airships approaching any place for the purpose of landing, the aircraft at the lower altitude shall have the right-of-way, but it shall not cut in front of another aircraft which is on final approach to land or overtake that aircraft.

(ii)    

(aa)     When an air traffic control unit has communicated to any aircraft an order of priority for landing, the aircraft shall approach to land in that order.

(bb)     When the commander of an aircraft is aware that another aircraft is making an emergency landing, the commander shall give way to that aircraft, and at night, notwithstanding that the commander may have received permission to land, shall not attempt to land until the commander has received further permission so to do.

(7)    Landing and take-off

(a)     A flying machine, glider or airship shall take off and land in the direction indicated by the ground signals or, if no such signals are displayed, into the wind, unless good aviation practice demands otherwise.

(b)     A flying machine or glider shall not land on a runway at an aerodrome if the runway is not clear of other aircraft unless the appropriate air traffic control unit otherwise authorizes.

(c)     Where take-offs and landings are not confined to a runway –

(i)     a flying machine or glider when landing shall leave clear on its left any aircraft which has landed or is already landing or about to take off; if such a flying machine or glider is about to turn it shall turn to the left after the commander of the aircraft is satisfied that such action will not interfere with other traffic movements, and

(ii)    a flying machine about to take off shall take up position and manoeuvre in such a way as to leave clear on its left any aircraft which has already taken off or is about to take off.

(d)     A flying machine after landing shall move clear of the landing area as soon as it is possible to do so unless the appropriate air traffic control unit otherwise authorizes.

18    Aerobatic manoeuvres

An aircraft shall not carry out any aerobatic manoeuvre within Jersey except with the consent of the Airport Director.

19    Requirement to comply with air traffic control unit instructions

An aircraft which is flying within Jersey shall be flown in accordance with instructions given by the appropriate air traffic control unit.

20    Notification of arrival and departure

(1)    The commander of an aircraft who has caused notice of its intended arrival at any aerodrome to be given to the air traffic control unit or other authority at that aerodrome shall ensure that the air traffic control unit or other authority at that aerodrome is informed as quickly as possible of any change of intended destination and any estimated delay in arrival of 45 minutes or more.

(2)    The commander of an aircraft arriving at or departing from an aerodrome in Jersey shall take all reasonable steps to ensure upon landing or prior to departure, as the case may be, that notice of that event is given to the appropriate air traffic control unit.

(3)    Without prejudice to Rules 27 and 31, before taking off on any flight from an aerodrome in Jersey, being a flight whose intended destination is more than 40 km from the aerodrome of departure, the commander of an aircraft shall cause a flight plan containing such particulars of the intended flight as may be necessary for search and rescue purposes to be communicated to the appropriate air traffic control unit.

(4)    Without prejudice to Rules 20(3), 27 and 31, the commander of an aircraft who intends to fly or who flies across any boundary of airspace notified as either the London or Scottish Flight Information Region other than the boundary common to each shall, before so flying, cause a flight plan, containing such particulars of the intended flight as may be necessary for search and rescue purposes, to be communicated to the appropriate air traffic control unit within the London or Scottish Flight Information Region.

21    Flight in Class A airspace

In relation to flights in Visual Meteorological Conditions in Class A airspace, the commander of an aircraft shall comply with Rules 31 and 32 as if the flights were IFR flights but shall not elect to continue the flight in compliance with the Visual Flight Rules for the purposes of Rule 31(3).

22    Choice of VFR or IFR

(1)    Subject to paragraph (2) and to Rule 21 an aircraft shall always be flown in accordance with the Visual Flight Rules or the Instrument Flight Rules.

(2)    An aircraft flying at night in Jersey shall be flown in accordance with the Instrument Flight Rules unless it is flying on a special VFR flight.

23    Speed Limitation

(1)    Subject to paragraph (3), an aircraft shall not fly below flight level 100 at a speed which according to its air speed indicator is more than 250 knots unless it is flying in accordance with the terms of a written permission of the Airport Director.

(2)    The Airport Director may grant a permission for the purpose of this Rule subject to such conditions as the Airport Director thinks fit and either generally or in respect of any aircraft or class of aircraft.

(3)    Paragraph (1) shall not apply to –

(a)     the flight of an aircraft taking part in a flying display for which a permission under Article 61 of the principal Order is required, if the flight is made in accordance with the terms of a permission granted to the flying display director under Article 61 of the principal Order, and in accordance with the conditions of a pilot display authorization granted to the pilot under Article 61 of the principal Order; or

(b)     the flight of an aircraft flying in accordance with the “A Conditions” or the “B Conditions” set forth in Schedule 2 to the principal Order.

SECTION V

VISUAL FLIGHT RULES

24    Visual flight and reported visibility

(1)    In relation to flights within controlled airspace Rules 25 and 27 shall be the Visual Flight Rules.

(2)    In relation to flights outside controlled airspace Rule 26 shall be the Visual Flight Rules.

(3)    For the purposes of an aeroplane taking off from or approaching to land at an aerodrome within Class B, C or D airspace, the visibility, if any, communicated to the commander of an aeroplane by the appropriate air traffic control unit shall be taken to be the flight visibility for the time being.

25    Flight within controlled airspace

(1)    Within Class B airspace –

(a)     an aircraft flying within Class B airspace at or above flight level 100 shall remain clear of cloud and in a flight visibility of at least 8 km;

(b)     an aircraft flying within Class B airspace below flight level 100 shall remain clear of cloud and in a flight visibility of at least 5 km.

(2)    Within Class C, Class D or Class E airspace –

(a)     an aircraft flying within Class C, Class D or Class E airspace at or above flight level 100 shall remain at least 1500 metres horizontally and 1000 feet vertically away from cloud and in a flight visibility of at least 8 km;

(b)     subject to sub-paragraph (c), an aircraft flying within Class C, Class D or Class E airspace below flight level 100 shall remain at least 1500 metres horizontally and 1000 feet vertically away from cloud and in a flight visibility of at least 5 km;

(c)     sub-paragraph (b) shall be deemed to be complied with if –

(i)     the aircraft is not a helicopter and is flying at or below 3000 feet above mean sea level at a speed which, according to its airspeed indicator, is 140 knots or less and it remains clear of cloud, in sight of the surface and in a flight visibility of at least 5 km, or

(ii)    the aircraft is a helicopter flying at or below 3000 feet above mean sea level and it remains clear of cloud and in sight of the surface.

26    Flight outside controlled airspace

(1)    An aircraft flying outside controlled airspace at or above flight level 100 shall remain at least 1500 metres horizontally and 1000 feet vertically away from cloud and in a flight visibility of at least 8 km.

(2)    

(a)     Subject to sub-paragraph (b), an aircraft flying outside controlled airspace below flight level 100 shall remain at least 1500 metres horizontally and 1000 feet vertically away from cloud and in a flight visibility of at least 5 km.

(b)     Sub-paragraph (a) shall be deemed to be complied with if –

(i)     the aircraft is flying at or below 3000 feet above mean sea level and remains clear of cloud and in sight of the surface and in a flight visibility of at least 5 km,

(ii)    the aircraft, other than a helicopter, is flying at or below 3000 feet above mean sea level at a speed which according to its air speed indicator is 140 knots or less and remains clear of cloud and in sight of the surface and in flight visibility of at least 1500 metres, or

(iii)   in the case of a helicopter the helicopter is flying at or below 3000 feet above mean sea level flying at a speed which, having regard to the visibility, is reasonable and remains clear of cloud and in sight of the surface.

27    VFR flight plan and air traffic control clearance

(1)    Unless otherwise authorized by the appropriate air traffic control unit, before an aircraft flies within Class A or Class D airspace within Jersey during the notified hours of watch of the appropriate air traffic control unit, the commander of the aircraft shall cause a flight plan to be communicated to the appropriate air traffic control unit and shall obtain an air traffic control clearance to fly within the said airspace.

(2)    The flight plan shall contain such particulars of the flight as may be necessary to enable the air traffic control unit to issue a clearance and for search and rescue purposes.

(3)    Whilst flying within the said airspace during the notified hours of watch of the appropriate air traffic control unit the commander of the aircraft shall –

(a)     cause a continuous watch to be maintained on the notified radio frequency appropriate to the circumstances; and

(b)     comply with any instructions which the appropriate air traffic control unit may give in a particular case.

SECTION VI

INSTRUMENT FLIGHT RULES

28    Instrument Flight Rules

(1)    In relation to flights within controlled airspace Rules 29, 31 and 32 shall be the Instrument Flight Rules.

(2)    In relation to flights outside controlled airspace Rules 29 and 30 shall be the Instrument Flight Rules.

29    Minimum height

Without prejudice to Rule 5, in order to comply with the Instrument Flight Rules an aircraft shall not fly at a height of less than 1000 feet above the highest obstacle within a distance of 5 nautical miles of the aircraft unless –

(a)     it is necessary for the aircraft to do so in order to take off or land;

(b)     the aircraft is flying on a route notified for the purposes of this Rule;

(c)     the aircraft has been otherwise authorized by the competent authority; or

(d)     the aircraft is flying at an altitude not exceeding 3000 feet above mean sea level and remains clear of cloud and in sight of the surface.

30    Quadrantal rule and semi-circular rule

(1)    Subject to paragraph (2), in order to comply with the Instrument Flight Rules, an aircraft flying within Jersey, when in level flight above 3000 feet above mean sea level or above the appropriate transition altitude, whichever is the higher, shall be flown at a level appropriate to its magnetic track, in accordance with the appropriate Table set forth in this Rule and the level of flight shall be measured by an altimeter set to a pressure setting of 1013.2 hectopascals.

(2)    An aircraft may be flown at a level other than the level required by paragraph (1) if it is flying in conformity with instructions given by the appropriate air traffic control unit.

(3)    For the purposes of this Rule "transition altitude" means the altitude so notified in relation to flight over such area or areas as may be notified.

TABLE I – Flights at levels below 24,500 feet



Magnetic Track



Cruising Level



Less than 90°



Odd thousands of feet.



90° but less than 180°



Odd thousands of feet + 500 feet.



180° but less than 270°



Even thousands of feet.



270° but less than 360°



Even thousands of feet + 500 feet.



TABLE II – Flights at levels above 24,500 feet



Magnetic Track



Cruising Level



Less than 180°



25,000 feet;



 



27,000 feet;



 



29,000 feet or higher levels at intervals of 4,000 feet.



180° but less than 360°



26,000 feet;



 



28,000 feet;



 



31,000 feet or higher levels at intervals of 4,000 feet.



31    Flight plan and air traffic control clearance

(1)    In order to comply with the Instrument Flight Rules, before an aircraft either takes off from a point within Jersey or otherwise flies within Jersey the commander of the aircraft shall cause a flight plan to be communicated to the appropriate air traffic control unit and shall obtain an air traffic control clearance based on such flight plan.

(2)    The flight plan shall contain such particulars of the intended flight as may be necessary to enable the air traffic control unit to issue an air traffic control clearance, and for search and rescue purposes.

(3)

(a)     Subject to sub-paragraph (b), the commander of the aircraft shall fly in conformity with –

(i)     the air traffic control clearance issued for the flight, as amended by any further instructions given by the appropriate air traffic control unit, and

(ii)    the holding and instrument approach procedures notified in relation to the aerodrome of destination, unless the commander is otherwise authorized by the air traffic control unit there.

(b)     The commander of the aircraft shall not be required to comply with sub-paragraph (a) if –

(i)     the commander is able to fly in uninterrupted Visual Meteorological Conditions for so long as the commander remains within Jersey, and

(ii)    the commander has informed the appropriate air traffic control unit of the commander’s intention to continue the flight in compliance with Visual Flight Rules and has requested that unit to cancel the commander’s flight plan.

(4)    If for the purpose of avoiding immediate danger any departure is made from the provisions of paragraph (3) (as is permitted by Article 74(3) of the principal Order) the commander of the aircraft shall, in addition to causing particulars to be given in accordance with Article 74(4) of the principal Order, as soon as possible inform the appropriate air traffic control unit of the deviation.

(5)    The commander of the aircraft after it has flown within Jersey shall, unless the commander has requested the appropriate air traffic control unit to cancel the commander’s flight plan, forthwith inform that unit when the aircraft lands within or leaves Jersey.

32    Position reports

In order to comply with the Instrument Flight Rules the commander of an aircraft in IFR flight who flies within or is intending to enter Jersey shall report to the appropriate air traffic control unit the time, and the position and level of the aircraft at such reporting points or at such intervals of time as may be notified for this purpose or as may be directed by the air traffic control unit.

SECTION VII

AERODROME TRAFFIC RULES

33    Application of aerodrome traffic Rules

The Rules in this section of these Rules which are expressed to apply to flying machines shall also be observed, so far as is practicable, in relation to all other aircraft.

34    Visual signals

(1)    Subject to paragraph (2), the commander of a flying machine on, or in the pattern of traffic at, an aerodrome shall observe such visual signals as may be displayed at, or directed to the commander from the aerodrome by the authority of the person in charge of the aerodrome and shall obey any instructions which may be given to the commander by means of such signals.

(2)    The commander of such a flying machine shall not be required to obey the signals referred to in Rule 47 if in the commander’s opinion it is inadvisable to do so in the interests of safety.

35    Movement of aircraft on aerodromes

An aircraft shall not taxi on the apron or the manoeuvring area of an aerodrome in Jersey without the permission of the person in charge of the aerodrome or, where the aerodrome has an air traffic control unit, without the permission of that unit.

36    Access to and movement of persons and vehicles on the aerodrome

(1)    A person or vehicle shall not go onto any part of an aerodrome in Jersey without the permission of the Airport Director, and except in accordance with any conditions subject to which that permission may have been granted.

(2)    A vehicle or person shall not go or move on the manoeuvring area of an aerodrome in Jersey having an air traffic control unit without the permission of that unit, and except in accordance with any conditions subject to which that permission may have been granted.

(3)    Any permission granted for the purposes of this Rule may be granted whether in respect of persons or vehicles generally, or in respect of any particular person or vehicle or any class of person or vehicle.

37    Right of way on the ground

(1)    This Rule shall apply to flying machines and vehicles on any part of a land aerodrome in Jersey provided for the use of aircraft and under the control of the Airport Director.

(2)    Notwithstanding any air traffic control clearance it shall remain the duty of the commander of an aircraft to take all possible measures to ensure that the commander’s aircraft does not collide with any other aircraft or with any vehicle.

(3)

(a)     Flying machines and vehicles shall give way to aircraft which are taking off or landing.

(b)     Vehicles, and flying machines which are not taking off or landing, shall give way to vehicles towing aircraft.

(c)     Vehicles which are not towing aircraft shall give way to aircraft.

(4)    Subject to paragraph (3) and Rule 17(7)(c), in case of danger of collision between 2 flying machines –

(a)     when the 2 flying machines are approaching head-on or approximately so, each shall alter its course to the right;

(b)     when the 2 flying machines are on converging courses, the one which has the other on its right shall give way to the other and shall avoid crossing ahead of the other unless passing well clear of it;

(c)     a flying machine which is being overtaken shall have the right-of-way, and the overtaking flying machine shall keep out of the way of the other flying machine by altering its course to the left until that other flying machine has been passed and is clear, notwithstanding any change in the relative positions of the 2 flying machines.

(5)    Subject to paragraph (3)(b) a vehicle shall –

(a)     overtake another vehicle so that the other vehicle is on the left of the overtaking vehicle;

(b)     keep to the left when passing another vehicle which is approaching head-on or approximately so.

38    Launching, picking up and dropping of tow ropes, etc.

Tow ropes, banners or similar articles towed by aircraft shall not be launched at, or picked up or dropped from aircraft at an aerodrome in Jersey except in accordance with arrangements made with the Airport Director.

39    Flight within aerodrome traffic zones

(1)    Paragraphs (2) and (3) shall apply only in relation to such of the aerodromes described in Column 1 of the following Table as are notified for the purposes of this Rule and at such times as are specified in Column 2 thereof.

TABLE



Column 1



Column 2



(a) A Government aerodrome
 



At such times as are notified



(b) An aerodrome having an air traffic control unit
 



During the notified hours of watch of the air traffic control unit



(c) A licensed aerodrome having a means of two-way radio communication with aircraft



During the notified hours of watch of the air/ground radio station



(2)    An aircraft shall not fly, take off or land within the aerodrome traffic zone of an aerodrome to which this paragraph applies unless the commander of the aircraft has obtained the permission of the appropriate air traffic control unit.

(3)    The commander of an aircraft flying within the aerodrome traffic zone of an aerodrome to which this paragraph applies shall cause a continuous watch to be maintained on the appropriate radio frequency notified for communications with the appropriate air traffic control unit.

SECTION VIII

SPECIAL RULES

40    Use of radio navigation aids

(1)    Subject to paragraph (2), the commander of an aircraft shall not make use of any radio navigation aid without complying with such restrictions and appropriate procedures as may be notified in relation to that aid unless authorized by an air traffic control unit.

(2)    The commander of an aircraft shall not be required to comply with this Rule if the commander is required to comply with Rule 31.

SECTION IX

AERODROME SIGNALS AND MARKINGS – VISUAL AND AURAL SIGNALS

41    General

(1)    Whenever any signal specified in this section of these Rules is given or displayed, or whenever any marking so specified is displayed, by any person in an aircraft, or at an aerodrome, or at any other place which is being used by aircraft for landing or take-off, it shall, when given or displayed in Jersey, have the meaning assigned to it in this section.

(2)    All dimensions other than those in Rule 45(6), of signals or markings specified in this section of these Rules (but not distances at which markings must be placed) shall be subject to a tolerance of 10%, plus or minus.

42‎    ‎

(1)    When any signal specified in the following paragraphs of this Rule is displayed it shall be placed in a signals area, which shall be a square visible from all directions bordered by a white strip 30 centimetres wide the internal sides measuring 12 metres.

(2)    A white landing T, as illustrated in this paragraph,

Fig. 1

signifies that aeroplanes and gliders taking off or landing shall do so in a direction parallel with the shaft of the T and towards the cross arm, unless otherwise authorized by the appropriate air traffic control unit.

(3)    A white disc 60 centimetres in diameter displayed alongside the cross arm of the T and in line with the shaft of the T, as illustrated in this paragraph,

Fig. 2

signifies that the direction of landing and take off do not necessarily coincide.

(4)    A white dumb-bell, as illustrated in this paragraph,

Fig. 3

signifies that movements of aeroplanes and gliders on the ground shall be confined to paved, metalled or similar hard surfaces.

(5)    A white dumb-bell as described in (4) above but with a black strip 60 centimetres wide across each disc at right angles to the shaft of the dumb-bell, as illustrated in this paragraph,

Fig. 4

signifies that aeroplanes and gliders taking off or landing shall do so on a runway but that movement on the ground is not confined to paved, metalled or similar hard surfaces.

(6)    A red and yellow striped arrow, as illustrated in this paragraph,

Fig. 5

the shaft of which is one metre wide placed along the whole or a total of 11 metres of 2 adjacent sides of the signals area and pointing in a clockwise direction signifies that a right-hand circuit is in force.

(7)    A red panel 3 metres square with a yellow strip along one diagonal 50 centimetres wide, as illustrated in this paragraph,

Yellow strip on red background

Fig. 6

signifies that the state of the manoeuvring area is poor and pilots must exercise special care when landing.

(8)    A red panel 3 metres square with a yellow strip, 50 centimetres wide, along each diagonal, as illustrated in this paragraph,

Fig. 7

signifies that the aerodrome is unsafe for the movement of aircraft and that landing on the aerodrome is prohibited.

(9)    A white letter H, as illustrated in this paragraph,

Fig. 8

signifies that helicopters shall take off and land only within the area designated by the marking specified in Rule 44(5).

(10)  A red letter L displayed on the dumb-bell specified in paragraphs (4) and (5), as illustrated in this paragraph,

Fig. 9

signifies that light aircraft are permitted to take off and land either on a runway or on the area designated by the marking specified in Rule 44(6).

(11)  A white double cross, as illustrated in this paragraph,

Fig. 10

signifies that glider flying is in progress.

43    Markings for paved runways and taxiways

(1)    Two or more white crosses, as illustrated in this paragraph,

Fig. 11

displayed on a runway or taxiway, with each arm of each cross at an angle of 45° to the centre line of the runway, at intervals of not more than 300 metres signify that the section of the runway or taxiway marked by them is unfit for the movement of aircraft.

(2)    

(a)     Two yellow broken lines and 2 continuous lines, as illustrated in this paragraph,



 



Fig. 12a

signify the holding position closest to the runway beyond which no part of a flying machine or vehicle shall project in the direction of the runway without permission from the air traffic control unit at the aerodrome during the notified hours of that unit. Outside the notified hours of watch of that unit or where there is no air traffic control unit at the aerodrome the markings signify the position closest to the runway beyond which no part of a flying machine or vehicle shall project in the direction of the runway when the flying machine or vehicle is required by virtue of Rule 37(3)(a) of these Rules to give way to aircraft which are taking off from or landing on that runway.

(b)     A yellow marking, as illustrated in this paragraph,



Fig. 12b

signifies a holding position other than that closest to the runway beyond which no part of a flying machine or vehicle shall project in the direction of the runway without permission from the air traffic control unit at the aerodrome during the notified hours of watch of that unit. Outside the notified hours of watch of that unit or where there is no air traffic control unit at the aerodrome the marking may be disregarded.

(3)    Orange and white markers, as illustrated in this paragraph,

Fig. 13

spaced no more than 15 metres apart, signify the boundary of that part of a paved runway, taxiway or apron which is unfit for the movement of aircraft.

44    Markings on unpaved manoeuvring areas

(1)    Markers with orange and white stripes of an equal width of 50 centimetres, with an orange stripe at each end, as illustrated in this paragraph,



 



Fig. 14

alternating with flags 60 centimetres square showing equal orange and white triangular areas, indicate the boundary of an area unfit for the movement of aircraft and one or more white crosses as specified in Rule 43(1) indicate the said area. The distance between any 2 successive orange and white flags shall not exceed 90 metres.

(2)    Striped markers, as specified in paragraph (1), spaced not more than 45 metres apart, indicate the boundary of an aerodrome.

(3)    On structures, markers with orange and white vertical stripes, of an equal width of 50 centimetres, with an orange stripe at each end, as illustrated in this paragraph,

Fig. 15

spaced not more than 45 metres apart, indicate the boundary of an aerodrome. The pattern of the marker shall be visible from inside and outside the aerodrome and the marker shall be affixed not more than 15 centimetres from the top of the structure.

(4)    White flat rectangular markers, 3 metres long and 1 metre wide at intervals not exceeding 90 metres, flush with the surface of the unpaved runway or stopway, as the case may be, indicate the boundary on an unpaved runway or of a stopway.

(5)    A white letter H, as illustrated in this paragraph,

Fig. 16

indicates an area which shall be used only for the taking off and landing of helicopters.

(6)    A white letter L, as illustrated in this paragraph,

Fig. 17

indicates a part of the manoeuvring area which shall be used only for the taking off and landing of light aircraft.

(7)    A yellow cross with 2 arms each 6 metres long by 1 metre wide at right angles, indicates that tow ropes, banners and similar articles towed by aircraft shall only be picked up and dropped in the area in which the cross is placed.

(8)    A white double cross, as illustrated in this paragraph,

Fig. 18

indicates an area which shall be used only for the taking off and landing of gliders.

(9)    A white landing T as specified in Rule 42(2) placed at the left-hand side of the runway when viewed from the direction of landing indicates the runway to be used, and at an aerodrome with no runway it indicates the direction for take off and landing.

45    Signals visible from the ground

(1)    A black ball 60 centimetres in diameter suspended from a mast signifies that the directions of take off and landing are not necessarily the same.

(2)    A checkered flag or board, 1.2 metres by 90 centimetres containing 12 equal squares, 4 horizontally and 3 vertically, coloured red and yellow alternately, signifies that aircraft may move on the manoeuvring area and apron only in accordance with the permission of the air traffic control unit at the aerodrome.

(3)    Two red balls 60 centimetres in diameter, disposed vertically one above the other, 60 centimetres apart and suspended from a mast, signify that glider flying is in progress at the aerodrome.

(4)    Black arabic numerals in 2-figure groups and, where parallel runways are provided the letter or letters L (left), LC (left centre), C (centre), RC (right centre) and R (right), placed against a yellow background, indicate the direction for take off or the runway in use.

(5)    A black letter C against a yellow background, as illustrated in this paragraph,

Fig. 19

indicates the position at which a pilot can report to the air traffic control unit or to the person in charge of the aerodrome.

(6)    A rectangular green flag of not less than 60 centimetres square and not more than 66 centimetres square flown from a mast indicates that a right-hand circuit is in force.

46    Lights and pyrotechnic signals for control of aerodrome traffic

Each signal described in the first column of Table A, when directed from an aerodrome to an aircraft or to a vehicle, or from an aircraft, shall have the meanings respectively appearing in the second, third and fourth columns of that Table opposite the description of the signal.

Table A – Meaning of Lights and Pyrotechnic Signals



Characteristic and
colour of light beam or pyrotechnic



From an aerodrome



From an aircraft in
flight to an aerodrome



to an aircraft in flight



to an aircraft or vehicle on the aerodrome



(a) Continuous red light.



Give way to other aircraft and continue circling.



Stop.



-



(b) Red pyrotechnic light, or red flare.



Do not land; wait for permission.



-



Immediate assistance is requested.



(c) Red flashes.



Do not land; aerodrome not available for landing.



Move clear of landing area.



-



(d) Green flashes.



Return to aerodrome; wait for permission to land.



To an aircraft: you may move on the manoeuvring area and apron.
To a vehicle: you may move on the manoeuvring area.



-



(e) Continuous green light.



You may land.



You may take off (not applicable to a vehicle).



-



(f) Continuous green light, or green flashes, or green pyrotechnic light.



-



-



By night: may I land?
By day: may I land in direction different from that indicated by landing T?



(g) White flashes.



Land at this aerodrome after receiving continuous green light, and then, after receiving green flashes, proceed to the apron.



Return to starting point on the aerodrome.



I am compelled to land.



(h) White pyrotechnic lights. Switching on and off the navigation lights. Switching on and off the landing lights.



-



-



I am compelled to land.



47    Marshalling signals (from a marshaller to an aircraft)

Each of the signals for the guidance of aircraft manoeuvring on or off the ground, described in the first column of Table B, paragraphs (a) to (x) shall, in Jersey, have the meanings set forth in the second column of that Table opposite the description of the signal. By day any such signals shall be given by hand or by circular bats and by night by torches or illuminated wands (save that the signals described at paragraphs (v) and (w) shall not be given at night).

Table B – Meaning of marshalling signals (Rule 47)



Description of signal



Meaning of signal



In daylight



By night



(a) Right or left arm down, the other arm moved across body and extended to indicate position of the other marshaller.



Proceed under guidance of another marshaller.



(b) Arms repeatedly moved upward and backward, beckoning onward.



Move ahead.



(c) Right arm down, left arm repeatedly moved upward and backward. The speed of arm movement indicates the rate of turn.



Open up starboard engine or turn to port.



(d) Left arm down, the right arm repeatedly moved upward and backward. The speed of arm movement indicates the rate of turn.



Open up port engine or turn to starboard.



(e) Arms repeatedly crossed above the head. The speed of arm movement indicates the urgency of the stop.



Stop.



(f) A circular motion of the right hand at head level, with the left arm pointing to the appropriate engine.



Start engine.



(g) Arms extended, the palms facing inwards, then swung from the extended position inwards.



Chocks inserted.



(h) Arms down, the palms facing outwards, then swung outwards.



Chocks away.



(j) Either arm and hand placed level with the chest, then moved laterally with the palm downwards.



Cut engines.



(k) Arms placed down, with the palms towards the ground, then moved up and down several times.



Slow down.



(l) Arms placed down, with the palms towards the ground, then either the right or left arm moved up and down indicating that the motors on the left or right side, as the case may be, should be slowed down.



Slow down engines on indicated side.



(m) Arms placed above the head in a vertical position.



This bay.



(n) The right arm raised at the elbow, with the arm facing forward.



All clear: marshalling finished.



     



(o) Arms placed horizontally sideways.



Hover.



(p) Arms placed down and crossed in front of the body.



Land.



(q) Arms placed horizontally sideways with the palms up beckoning upwards. The speed of arm movement indicates the rate of ascent.



Move upwards.



(r) Arms placed horizontally sideways with the palms towards the ground beckoning downwards. The speed of arm movement indicates the rate of descent.



Move downwards.



(s) Either arm placed horizontally sideways, then the other arm moved in front of the body to that side, in the direction of the movement, indicating that the helicopter should move horizontally to the left or right side, as the case may be; repeated several times.



Move horizontally.



(t) Arms placed down, the palms facing forward, then repeatedly swept up and down to shoulder level.



Move back.



(u) Left arm extended horizontally forward, then right arm making a horizontal slicing movement below left arm.



Release load.



(v) Raise arm, with fist clenched, horizontally extended in front of body, then extend fingers.



Release brakes.



Shall not be given at night.



Raise arm and hand, with fingers extended, horizontally in front of body, then clench fist.



Engage brakes.



Shall not be given at night.



(w) Left hand overhead with the number of fingers extended, to indicate the number of the engine to be started, and circular motion of right hand to head level.



Start engine(s).



Shall not be given at night.



(x) Point left arm down, move right arm down from overhead, vertical position to horizontal forward position, repeating right arm movement.



Back aircraft’s tail to starboard.



Point right arm down, move left arm down from overhead, vertical position to horizontal forward position, repeating left arm movement.



Back aircraft’s tail to port.



48    Marshalling signals (from a pilot of an aircraft to a marshaller)

The following signals made by a pilot in an aircraft to a marshaller on the ground shall respectively have the following meanings:



Description of Signal



Meaning of Signal



(a)     Raise arm and hand with fingers extended horizontally in front of face, then clench fist.
 



Brakes engaged.



(b)     Raise arm with fist clenched horizontally in front of face, then extend fingers.
 



Brakes released.



(c)     Arms extended palms facing outwards, move hands inwards to cross in front of face.
 



Insert chocks.
 



(d)     Hands crossed in front of face, palms facing outwards, move arms outwards.
 



Remove chocks.
 



(e)     Raise the number of fingers on one hand indicating the number of the engine to be started. For this purpose the aircraft engines shall be numbered in relation to the marshaller facing the aircraft, from the marshaller’s right to the marshaller’s left, for example, No. 1 engine shall be the port outer engine, No. 2 engine shall be the port inner engine, No. 3 engine shall be the starboard inner engine and No. 4 engine shall be the starboard outer engine.
 



Ready to start engines.



49    Distress, urgency and safety signals

(1)    The following signals, given either together or separately before the sending of a message, signify that an aircraft is threatened by grave and imminent danger and requests immediate assistance –

(a)     by radiotelephony:

the spoken word “MAYDAY”;

(b)     by visual signalling:

(i)     the signal SOS (... --- ...),

(ii)    a succession of pyrotechnic lights fired at short intervals each showing a single red light;

(iii)   a parachute flare showing a red light;

(c)     by sound signalling other than radiotelephony:

(i)     the signal SOS (... --- ... ),

(ii)    a continuous sounding with any sound apparatus.

(2)    The following signals, given either together or separately, before the sending of a message, signify that the commander of the aircraft wishes to give notice of difficulties which compel it to land but that the commander does not require immediate assistance:

(a)     a succession of white pyrotechnic lights;

(b)     the repeated switching on and off of the aircraft landing lights;

(c)     the repeated switching on and off of its navigation lights, in such a manner as to be clearly distinguishable from the flashing navigation lights described in Rule 11.

(3)    The following signals, given either together or separately, indicate that the commander of the aircraft has an urgent message to transmit concerning the safety of a ship, aircraft, vehicle or other property or of a person on board or within sight of the aircraft from which the signal is given:

(a)     by radiotelephony:

the repeated spoken word, “PAN PAN”;

(b)     by visual signalling:

the signal XXX (- .. -- .. -- .. -);

(c)     by sound signalling other than radiotelephony:

the signal XXX (- .. -- .. -- .. -).



Endnotes

Table of Legislation History



Legislation



Year and No



Commencement



Rules of the Air (Jersey) Order 2000



R&O.128/2000



11 December 2000



Table of Renumbered Provisions



Original



Current



2



spent, omitted from this revised edition



3



2



Table of Endnote References



[1]



chapter 03.105



[2]



chapter 03.035



[3]



chapter 03.105



[4]



The functions of the Harbours and Airport Committee were transferred to the Minister for Economic Development by the States of Jersey (Transfer of Functions from Committees to Ministers) (Jersey) Regulations 2005 chapter 16.800.30