S.I. No. 410/2013 - European Union (Marketing of fruit juices and certain similar products) Regulations 2013.

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S.I. No. 410/2013 - European Union (Marketing of fruit juices and certain similar products) Regulations 2013.

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Notice of the making of this Statutory Instrument was published in
“Iris Oifigiúil” of 1st November, 2013.
I, SIMON COVENEY, Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine, in exercise of the powers conferred on me by section 3 of the European Communities Act 1972 (No. 27 of 1972) and for the purpose of giving effect to Council Directive 2001/112/EC of 20 December 20011 as amended by Council Regulation (EC) No 1182/2007 of 26 September 20072 , Regulation (EC) No 1332/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 20083 , Commission Directive 2009/106/EC of 14 August 20094 and Directive 2012/12/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 April 20125 hereby make the following regulations:
1. (1) These Regulations may be cited as the European Union (Marketing of fruit juices and certain similar products) Regulations 2013.
(2) These Regulations shall be deemed to be food legislation for the purposes of the Food Safety Authority of Ireland Act 1998 (No. 29 of 1998).
Interpretation
2. (1) In these Regulations—
“authorised officer” means—
(a) a person appointed under Regulation 4,
(b) an authorised officer within the meaning of the European Communities (Food and Feed Hygiene) Regulations 2009 ( S.I. No. 432 of 2009 ),
(c) a person who, immediately before the making of these Regulations was an authorised officer within the meaning of the European Communities (Marketing of fruit juices and certain similar products) Regulations 2003 ( S.I. No. 240 of 2003 ),
(d) an authorised officer within the meaning of the Food Safety Authority of Ireland Act 1998 (No. 29 of 1998)
(e) a member of the Garda Síochána, or
(f) an officer of Customs and Excise;
“Fruit juice legislation” means Council Directive 2001/112/EC of 20 December 2001 as amended by Council Regulation (EC) No 1182/2007 of 26 September 2007, Regulation (EC) No 1332/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008, Commission Directive 2009/106/EC of 14 August 2009 and Directive 2012/12/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 April 2012;
“Minister” means the Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine;
“placing on the market” means the holding of a product for the purpose of sale, including offering for sale or any other form of transfer, whether free of charge or not, and the sale, distribution, and other forms of transfer themselves;
“premises” includes land (including land under water) with or without buildings, an establishment, a vehicle used in connection with, or ancillary to such a thing;
“product” means a product defined in Annex 1 to the Fruit juice legislation.
(2) A word or expression which is used in these Regulations and is also used in the Fruit juice legislation, has, unless the context otherwise requires, the same meaning in these Regulations, as it has in the Fruit juice legislation.
Placing on the market
3. A person shall not place on the market, manufacture, process or label a product except in accordance with the Fruit juice legislation.
Appointment of authorised officer
4. (1) The Minister may, appoint in writing, such persons or classes of persons as he or she considers appropriate to be authorised officers for the exercise of all or any of the functions conferred on an authorised officer under these Regulations, specified in the appointment.
(2) The Chief Executive of the Health Service Executive may, appoint in writing, such officers of the Executive as he or she considers appropriate to be authorised officers for the exercise of all or any of the functions conferred on an authorised officer under these Regulations, specified in the appointment.
(3) The Minister or the Chief Executive of the Health Service Executive may terminate the appointment of an authorised officer appointed by him or her, whether or not the appointment was for a fixed period or specified purpose.
(4) An appointment as an authorised officer ceases—
(a) if it is terminated in accordance with paragraph (3),
(b) if it is for a fixed period, on the expiration of that period,
(c) if it is for a specified purpose, on the completion of that purpose, or
(d) if the person appointed is an officer of the Minister or the Health Service Executive, upon the person ceasing to be such an officer or class of person.
(5) Nothing in paragraph (4) is to be construed so as to prevent the Minister or the Chief Executive of the Health Service Executive from re-appointing as an authorised officer a person to whom paragraph (4) relates.
(6) An authorised officer appointed under this Regulation shall be furnished with a warrant of his or her appointment and, when exercising a function conferred on him or her as an authorised officer, the officer shall, if requested by a person affected, produce the warrant, or other evidence that he or she is such an officer, for inspection.
Functions of authorised officer
5. (1) For the purposes of these Regulations and the Fruit juice legislation an authorised officer may—
(a) enter and inspect, at all reasonable times, any premises if he or she is carrying out an official control for the purposes of these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation or where he or she has reasonable grounds for believing that—
(i) a product is, may be or has been present,
(ii) a record relating to a product is, may be or has been present,
(iii) equipment, machinery, a vehicle, a vessel or other thing used in connection with a product is, may be or has been present,
(b) examine equipment, machinery, a vehicle, a vessel or other thing used in connection with a product,
(c) require the name and address of the owner, or person in possession or control of equipment, machinery, a vehicle, a vessel used in connection with a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate, place of departure, journey or destination,
(d) inspect equipment, machinery, a vehicle, a vessel used in connection with a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate and require the person in charge or control of such to refrain from moving it,
(e) require the owner, person in possession or control of any premises, equipment, machinery, a vehicle, a vessel used in connection with a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate, to produce to the officer such records (and in the case of a record stored in non-legible form, produce to him or her a copy in a legible form) that are in the person’s possession or procurement, or under the person’s control, as the officer may reasonably require,
(f) inspect and take copies of any record (including a legible reproduction of one stored in non-legible form) or a record, document or extracts from the record or document that the officer finds or is produced to him or her during an inspection,
(g) make a record, including by means of writing, sound recording, photograph, video or other means,
(h) take, without making a payment, samples from a product relate, or any article, substance or liquid as he or she may reasonably require and carry out or cause to be carried out on the samples such tests, analyses, examinations or inspections as he or she considers necessary or expedient and mark or otherwise identify it.
(2) An authorised officer may require a person to give information regarding the ownership and identity of equipment, machinery, a vehicle, a vessel or other thing used in connection with a product relate as is in the person’s knowledge or procurement.
(3) Where an authorised officer has reasonable grounds for believing that an offence is being or has been committed under these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation, the officer may, in addition to the powers exercisable by him or her under paragraph (1)—
(i) search any premises,
(ii) search the equipment, machinery, vehicle, vessel or other thing used in connection with a product relate,
(iii) require a person in charge or control of the equipment, machinery, vehicle, vessel or other thing used in connection with a product relate to—
(I) refrain from moving it, or move it to a location where it may be searched, or
(II) give information regarding its ownership, place of departure, journey or destination,
(iv) seize and detain, for as long as is necessary, a product, record, document or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate and mark or otherwise identify it,
(v) detain any equipment, machinery, vehicle, vessel or other thing used in connection with a product or other things to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate for such reasonable period necessary for the purposes of permitting an inspection or a search under this Regulation or the Fruit juice legislation either at the place where it was first detained or require it to be moved to such other location as the authorised officer requires,
(vi) remove any equipment, machinery, vehicle, vessel or other thing used in connection with a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate, documents or records and detain them for such reasonable period necessary for the purpose of his or her functions under these Regulations,
(vii) give such direction to a person who has a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate, equipment, machinery, vehicle or vessel or other thing used in connection with a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate in his or her possession or under his or her control or information relating to such, as the authorised officer may reasonably consider necessary for the purposes of these Regulations.
(4) An authorised officer shall not enter, except with the consent of the occupier, a private dwelling unless he or she has obtained a search warrant under Regulation 6.
(5) An authorised officer, when exercising a function under this Regulation, may be accompanied by other persons and may take with him or her, or those persons may take with them, any equipment or materials to assist the officer in the exercise of the function.
(6) An authorised officer may use reasonable force, if necessary, to exercise his or her functions under these Regulations.
(7) Where, in the course of exercising a function under these Regulations, an authorised officer finds or comes into possession of anything that the officer has reasonable grounds for believing to be evidence of an offence or suspected offence under these Regulations, the officer may seize and retain it for use in evidence in proceedings for an offence under these Regulations.
(8) Nothing in section 17 of the Industrial and Provident Societies Act 1893 prevents an authorised officer from exercising a function conferred on him or her by these Regulations.
(9) A member of the Garda Síochána may stop a vehicle or vessel, for the purposes of these Regulations and may require it to be moved for inspection to such place as he or she directs.
(10) A person who has—
(a) a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate, or
(b) equipment, machinery, a vehicle, a vessel or other thing used in connection with a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate in his or her possession or under his or her control, or information or a record relating to any of them, shall give such—
(i) assistance to an authorised officer, or person who accompanies the officer, and
(ii) information to an authorised officer on request being made, in that behalf by the officer, as the officer may reasonably require for the exercise of his or her functions under these Regulations.
(11) The owner or person in charge of any premises used in connection with a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate shall, if required by an authorised officer, where it is practicable and possible, provide suitable equipment or facilities or a suitable part of the plant or establishment for the officer to carry out his or her functions under these Regulations.
(12) An authorised officer may require a person to give to the officer such information as is in the person’s power or procurement or as regards any premises specified by the officer including—
(a) whether or not the premises is used, either partly or wholly, for or in connection with a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate,
(b) the name of the owner, occupier or person who is in charge of the premises, and
(c) whether or not the premises is let and, if let, the name and address of the person to whom, and the period of time for which, it is let.
(13) A person who tampers with a sample taken under this Regulation commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a class A fine.
Search warrant
6. (1) If a judge of the District Court is satisfied by information on the sworn information of an authorised officer that there are reasonable grounds for believing that—
(a) there is evidence of or relating to the commission or intended commission of an offence under these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relating to a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate on any premises,
(b) there is or was a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate or equipment or other thing made, used or adapted for use (including manufacture or transport) in connection with a product on a premises, or
(c) a record related to a thing to which subparagraph (a) or (b) relates is or may be on the premises,
then the judge may issue a search warrant.
(2) A search warrant under this Regulation shall be expressed and operate to authorise a named authorised officer, accompanied by such authorised officers or other persons as the named authorised officer thinks necessary, at any time, within one month from the date of issue of the warrant, on production if so requested of the warrant, to enter the premises named in the warrant and to exercise all or any of the functions conferred on an authorised officer under these Regulations.
Compliance notice
7. (1) Where an authorised officer is of the opinion that—
(a) a contravention of the Fruit juice legislation or these Regulations may have taken place, may be taking place, or
(b) there is a risk to public health,
the officer may serve a notice (“compliance notice”) stating that opinion on the person—
(i) who appears to be the owner, occupier, or person in charge of the premises, or
(ii) in possession or control of a product or other thing to which the notice relates.
(2) A compliance notice shall—
(a) require the person to whom it is served to take such action as specified in the notice,
(b) inform the person to whom it is served that he or she may appeal the notice in the District Court under Regulation 8, and
(c) state that if the person to whom it is served fails to comply with the notice, he or she commits an offence and is liable to a penalty set out in Regulation 12.
(3) A compliance notice may—
(a) require that a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate be detained, disposed of or destroyed in a manner and at a place (if any) specified in the notice,
(b) prohibit or regulate any activity specified in the notice, including prohibiting or restricting entry onto the premises specified in the notice,
(c) require that the owner, or person in charge of any premises dispose of a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relates in a manner specified in the notice,
(d) prohibit the transport or further transport of a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relates, either absolutely or unless such conditions as may be specified in the notice are complied with,
(e) require a person to return a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate, to the place of departure (whether within the State or otherwise) by a route which in the opinion of the authorised officer is the most direct or prudent,
(f) require that such alterations or additions be made to any product, premises, vehicle, vessel, machinery or equipment as may be specified in the notice,
(g) require a person to undertake a specified type or level of sampling and analysis for a specified period, or
(h) require a person to make such changes to a label, packaging or marketing material including re-labelling of a product or other thing as may be specified in the notice.
(4) A person to whom a compliance notice is served shall comply with it until the notice expires, is withdrawn under paragraph (6) or is annulled under Regulation 8, and not cause or permit another person to contravene the terms of the notice.
(5) A compliance notice may specify a time limit within which it is to be complied with.
(6) A compliance notice may be modified or withdrawn in a further notice and the earlier notice has effect subject to the modification or withdrawal.
(7) A compliance notice may require the owner, occupier, operator or person in charge of any premises, product, vehicle, vessel, machinery, equipment or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relates, to choose between two or more of the requirements specified in the notice.
(8) A compliance notice shall include an address for service of an appeal under Regulation 8.
(9) A person on whom a compliance notice is served who fails to comply with, or causes or permits another person to contravene the notice commits an offence.
Appeal against compliance notice
8. (1) A person to whom a compliance notice is served may, within 7 days from the date of service of the notice, appeal the notice to the Judge of the District Court having jurisdiction in the District Court district—
(a) where a product, premises, vehicle, machinery, equipment, vessel or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate, which is the subject of the notice, is situated, or
(b) where the person bringing the appeal ordinarily resides or carries on business,
on the grounds that the notice is unreasonable having regard to the Fruit juice legislation or these Regulations.
(2) Notice of an appeal shall contain a statement on the grounds upon which it is alleged that the notice or any of the terms of the notice are unreasonable and shall be served on the authorised officer who served the compliance notice at the address included on the notice in accordance with Regulation 7(8) not later than 48 hours prior to the hearing of the appeal.
(3) A person bringing an appeal shall lodge a copy of the notice or appeal with the District Court Clerk concerned not later than 48 hours prior to the hearing of the appeal.
(4) On the hearing of an appeal a Judge of the District Court may confirm, modify or annul a notice.
(5) A person, including a person on whom a compliance notice has been served, shall not—
(a) pending the determination of an appeal, deal with a product, premises, vehicle, vessel, machinery, equipment or other thing to which the notice relates, other than in accordance with the terms of the compliance notice, or
(b) if the notice is confirmed or modified on appeal, deal with a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relates, any premises, vehicle, vessel, equipment, machinery or other thing to which the notice relates other than in accordance with the terms of the compliance notice as confirmed or modified.
(6) In this Regulation “appeal” means an appeal under paragraph (1).
Seizure and detention for non-compliance with a compliance notice
9. (1) Without prejudice to an appeal under Regulation 8, if—
(a) a person in control of a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate, premises, vessel, vehicle, equipment, machinery or other thing used in connection with a product fails to comply with the terms of a compliance notice within the time specified,
(b) an authorised officer has reasonable grounds for believing that the terms of a compliance notice will not be complied with,
(c) a compliance notice has been confirmed with or without modification under Regulation 8(4) and the notice has not been complied with,
(d) an authorised officer has reasonable grounds for believing that the terms of a compliance notice which has been confirmed with or without modification under Regulation 8(4) will not be complied with,
an authorised officer may at any time seize the product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate, vessel, vehicle, equipment, machinery or other thing used in connection with a product.
(2) If a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate, vessel, vehicle, equipment, machinery or other thing used in connection with a product is seized in accordance with paragraph (1), an authorised officer may—
(a) sell, destroy or dispose of the product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate or cause it to be sold, destroyed or be disposed of, or
(b) take such other measures in relation to the product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate, vessel, vehicle, equipment, machinery or other thing used in connection with a product as the authorised officer considers appropriate in the circumstances.
(3) Any profits arising out of the sale, destruction or disposal of a product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate in accordance with paragraph (2) shall be paid to the owner of the product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate less any expenses incurred in connection with the seizure, sale, destruction or disposal.
(4) The costs (including ancillary costs) of a measure taken under this Regulation are recoverable by the Minister or the Health Service Executive—
(a) as a simple contract debt in a court of competent jurisdiction from the person who was the owner of the product or other thing to which these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation relate or means of transport at the time the measure was carried out, or
(b) by deducting the costs from any sum due to the Minister or the Health Service Executive to a person on whom a notice has been served.
Obstruction and false statements
10. A person who—
(a) obstructs, interferes with or impedes an authorised officer, or any person who accompanies an authorised officer, in the course of exercising a function conferred on the officer under these Regulations,
(b) fails or refuses, without reasonable cause, to comply with a requirement of an authorised officer under Regulation 5,
(c) fails, without reasonable cause, to give assistance or requested information to an authorised officer in accordance with Regulation 5, or
(d) in purporting to give information to an authorised officer for the exercise of the officer’s functions under these Regulations—
(i) makes a statement that he or she knows to be false or misleading in a material particular or recklessly makes a statement which is false or misleading in a material particular, or
(ii) intentionally fails to disclose a material particular,
commits an offence.
Fixed payment notice
11. (1) Where an officer of the Minister, authorised by the Minister in that behalf, or an officer of the Health Service Executive, authorised by the Chief Executive in that behalf, has reasonable grounds for suspecting that a person is committing or has committed an offence under these Regulations, he or she may serve a notice in writing (“fixed payment notice”) on that person stating that—
(a) the person is alleged to have committed the offence,
(b) the person may during the period of 28 days beginning on the date of the notice make to the Minister or the Chief Executive of the Health Service Executive, at the address specified in the notice, a payment of €250 accompanied by the notice,
(c) the person is not obliged to make the payment, and
(d) a prosecution in respect of the alleged offence will not be instituted during the period specified in the notice and, if the payment specified in the notice is made during that period, no prosecution in respect of the alleged offence will be instituted.
(2) Where a fixed payment notice is served under paragraph (1)—
(a) the person to whom the notice applies may, during the period specified in the notice, make to the to the Minister or the Chief Executive of the Health Service Executive, at the address specified in the notice the payment specified in the notice accompanied by the notice,
(b) the Minister or the Chief Executive of the Health Service Executive, may receive the payment, issue a receipt for it and retain the money so paid, and any payment so received shall not be recoverable in any circumstances by the person who made it, and
(c) a prosecution in respect of the alleged offence shall not be instituted in the period specified in the notice, and if the payment so specified is made during that period, no prosecution in respect of the alleged offence shall be instituted.
(3) In proceedings for an offence under these Regulation, the onus of proving that a payment in accordance with a fixed payment notice has been made lies on the person on whom the fixed payment notice was served.
(4) In proceedings for an offence referred to in paragraph (1) it is a defence for the accused to show that he or she has made a payment in accordance with this Regulation pursuant to a fixed payment notice issued in respect of that offence.
Offences
12. A person who contravenes or fails to comply with these Regulations or the Fruit juice legislation commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction, to a class A fine.
Prosecutions
13. (1) An offence under these Regulations may be prosecuted summarily, as may be appropriate, by—
(a) the Minister,
(b) the Health Service Executive, or
(c) Food Safety Authority of Ireland.
(2) If an offence under these Regulations is committed by a body corporate and it is proved to have been so committed with the consent or connivance of or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of any person who, when the offence is committed, is a director, manager, secretary or other officer of the body corporate, or a person purporting to act in any such capacity, that person, as well as the body corporate, is guilty of an offence and liable to be proceeded against and punished as if guilty of the first-mentioned offence.
(3) If the affairs of a body corporate or unincorporated body are managed by its members, paragraph (2) applies in relation to the acts and defaults of a member in connection with functions of management as if the member is a director or manager of the body corporate.
Revocation
14. The European Communities (Marketing of fruit juices and certain similar products) Regulations 2003 ( S.I. No. 240 of 2003 ) are revoked.
GIVEN under my Official Seal,
26 October 2013.
SIMON COVENEY,
Minister for Agriculture, Food and the Marine.
EXPLANATORY NOTE
(This note in not part of the Instrument and does not purport to be a legal interpretation.)
The purpose of these Regulations is to give legal effect to Directive 2012/12/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council, which establishes quality factors and aligns standards for the composition and labelling of fruit juices and certain similar products within the European Union, taking into account developments in relevant international standards.
These Regulations should be read in conjunction with Directive 2012/12/EU which amends Directive 2001/112/EC.
1 O.J. No. L10, 12.01.2002. p.58

2 O.J. No. L273,17.10.2007, p.1

3 O.J. No. L354, 31.12.2008, p.7

4 O.J. No. L212,15.08.2009, p.42

5 O.J. No. L115, 27.04.2012, p1

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