Broadcasting Ordinance


Published: 2012-08-02

Subscribe to a Global-Regulation Premium Membership Today!

Key Benefits:

Subscribe Now for only USD$20 per month, or Get a Day Pass for only USD$4.99.
Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 1

Chapter: 562 Broadcasting Ordinance Gazette Number Version Date

Long title E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


An Ordinance to license companies to provide broadcasting services, to regulate the provision of broadcasting services
by licensees, and to provide for matters incidental thereto or connected therewith.


[The Ordinance (other than }

sections 13, 14, 16 and 17) 7 July 2000





Sections 13, 14, 16 and 17 } 16 February 2001 L.N. 45 of 2001]


(Enacting provision omitted—E.R. 2 of 2012)


(Originally 48 of 2000)
(*Format changes—E.R. 2 of 2012)

_________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* The format of the Ordinance has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Part: 1 Preliminary E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012




Section: 1 Short title E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) This Ordinance may be cited as the Broadcasting Ordinance.
(2)-(3) (Omitted as spent—E.R. 2 of 2012)


Section: 2 Interpretation L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) In this Ordinance, unless the context otherwise requires-
associate (相聯者)-

(a) subject to paragraph (b), in relation to-
(i) a voting controller holding voting control, means the same as it does in the definition of associate in

Part 1 of Schedule 1;
(ii) a disqualified person, means the same as it does in relation to a voting controller holding voting

control, with the modification that any reference in the definition mentioned in subparagraph (i) to a
voting controller shall be construed as a reference to a disqualified person;

(iii) a licensee, means the same as it does in relation to a voting controller which is a corporation holding
voting control, with the modification that any reference in the definition mentioned in subparagraph (i)
to a voting controller which is a corporation shall be construed as a reference to a licensee;

(iv) a person who exercises control of a licensee, means the same as it does in relation to a voting
controller holding voting control, with the modification that any reference in the definition mentioned
in subparagraph (i) to a voting controller shall be construed as a reference to a person who exercises
control of a licensee;

(b) does not include a person who is not an associate in accordance with the provisions of a notice under
subsection (2);

Authority (管理局) means the Communications Authority established by section 3 of the Communications Authority
Ordinance (Cap 616); (Added 17 of 2011 s. 28)

broadcasting service (廣播服務) means-
(a) a domestic free television programme service;



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 2

(b) a domestic pay television programme service;
(c) a non-domestic television programme service; or
(d) an other licensable television programme service;

Chief Secretary (司長) means the Chief Secretary for Administration;
Code of Practice (業務守則) means a Code of Practice approved under section 3;
company (公司) means the same as it does in the definition of company in section 2(1) of the Companies Ordinance

(Cap 622); (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
conditions (條件), in relation to a licence, means the conditions specified in the licence, the conditions specified in

this Ordinance which are applicable to the licence and the conditions specified in a notice under section 10(3)
which are applicable to the licence;

corporation (法團) means a company or other body corporate;
decoder (解碼器) means an apparatus, component part of an apparatus, or other component in electronic or tangible

form, which is designed or adapted to enable (whether of its own or with any other apparatus) an encrypted
television programme service to be decoded;

disqualified person (不符合持牌資格人士) means the same as it does in the definition of disqualified person in
Part 1 of Schedule 1;

domestic free television programme service (本地免費電視節目服務) means a television programme service
which-
(a) is intended or available for reception by the public free of charge in Hong Kong;
(b) is intended or available for reception by an audience of more than 5000 specified premises; and
(c) primarily targets Hong Kong;

domestic pay television programme service (本地收費電視節目服務) means a television programme service
which-
(a) is intended or available for reception by the public, on payment, whether periodically or otherwise, of a

subscription in Hong Kong;
(b) is intended or available for reception by an audience of more than 5000 specified premises; and
(c) primarily targets Hong Kong;

domestic premises (住宅) means any premises which are constructed or intended to be used for habitation;
exercise control (行使控制) means the same as it does in Part 1 of Schedule 1;
function (職能) includes a power and a duty;
hotel room (酒店房間) means accommodation within the meaning of section 2(1) of the Hotel Accommodation Tax

Ordinance (Cap 348);
influence (影響、影響力) means the same as it does in the definition of influence in Part 1 of Schedule 1;
let for hire (出租) includes invite to let for hire;
licence (牌照) means a licence-

(a) granted under section 8(1) to provide a domestic free television programme service or domestic pay
television programme service; or

(b) granted under section 8(2) to provide a non-domestic television programme service or an other licensable
television programme service;

licensed service (領牌服務) means a broadcasting service the subject of a licence;
licensee (持牌人) means the holder of a licence;
material (材料) includes pictures (whether moving or not), words, music and other sounds, whether produced, spoken

or made simultaneously or otherwise;
newspaper (報刊) means a paper or other publication or a supplement thereto available to the public which-

(a) contains news, intelligence, occurrences or any remarks, observations or comments in relation to such news,
intelligence or occurrences or to any other matter of public interest;

(b) is published for sale or free distribution and periodically (whether half-yearly, quarterly, monthly,
fortnightly, weekly, daily or otherwise), or in parts or numbers at intervals not exceeding 6 months; and

(c) does not comprise exclusively any item or items specified in Schedule 2;
non-domestic television programme service (非本地電視節目服務) means a television programme service which-



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 3

(a) is-
(i) intended or available for reception by the public-

(A) free of charge in Hong Kong; or
(B) on payment, whether periodically or otherwise, of a subscription in Hong Kong; or

(ii) neither intended nor available for reception by the public-
(A) free of charge in Hong Kong; or
(B) on payment, whether periodically or otherwise, of a subscription in Hong Kong; and

(b) does not primarily target Hong Kong;
offer for sale (要約出售) includes invite to offer for sale;
ordinarily resident in Hong Kong (通常居於香港)-

(a) in relation to an individual, means-
(i) residence in Hong Kong for not less than 180 days in any calendar year; or
(ii) residence in Hong Kong for not less than 300 days in any 2 consecutive calendar years;

(b) in relation to a corporation, means a corporation which satisfies the following-
(i) if the number of directors who actively participate in its direction-

(A) is 2, each is an individual;
(B) is more than 2, each of a majority of them is an individual,

for the time being ordinarily resident in Hong Kong in accordance with paragraph (a) and has been so
resident for at least one continuous period of not less than 7 years; and

(ii) the control and management of the corporation is bona fide exercised in Hong Kong;
other licensable television programme service (其他須領牌電視節目服務) means a television programme service

which is intended or available for reception-
(a) free of charge in Hong Kong or on payment, whether periodically or otherwise, of a subscription in Hong

Kong; and
(b) either-

(i) subject to subsection (12), by an audience of not more than 5000 specified premises; or
(ii) in hotel rooms;

performance bond (履約保證), in relation to a licensee, means a first demand performance bond or bank guarantee-
(a) issued by a bank within the meaning of section 2(1) of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155);
(b) in favour of the Government; and
(c) which complies with the provisions of the notice under subsection (3) applicable to the licensee,
to secure compliance by the licensee with any of its licence conditions;

practicable (切實可行) means reasonably practicable;
prescribed Ordinance (訂明條例) means-

(a) this Ordinance;
(b) the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106); (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(c) (Repealed 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(d) the Broadcasting (Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 391); or (Added 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(e) the Communications Authority Ordinance (Cap 616); (Added 17 of 2011 s. 28)

principal officer (主要人員) means the same as it does in the definition of principal officer in Part 1 of Schedule 1;
provide (提供), in relation to a broadcasting service, includes establish and operate;
public place (公眾地方) means a place to which the public or a section of the public may or are permitted to have

access from time to time, whether by payment or otherwise;
representations (申述) means representations in writing;
restriction (限制) includes restraint;
specified (指明), in relation to a form, means specified under section 41;
specified premises (指明處所) means any domestic premises, or hotel room, in Hong Kong;
subscription (收看費) means a fee payable by or on behalf of any person for the right to view a television programme

service in Hong Kong;
subsidiary (附屬公司) has the same meaning as in the Companies Ordinance (Cap 622); (Amended 28 of 2012 ss.

912 & 920)



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 4

telecommunications (電訊) means the same as it does in the definition of telecommunications in section 2(1) of the
Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106);

television programme (電視節目) means moving visual representational images (that is, images comprised within
sequences of visual images capable of being seen as moving images), or a combination of sounds and such
images, that are intended to inform, enlighten or entertain, but does not include visual images that consist
predominantly of alphanumeric text, data, graphs, charts, diagrams or video games;

television programme service (電視節目服務)-
(a) subject to paragraph (b)-

(i) means the provision of a service that includes television programmes for transmission by
telecommunications-
(A) that are readily accessible to, or made available to, the general public in or outside Hong Kong;

or
(B) to persons, in 2 or more specified premises, simultaneously or on demand, whether on a point-to-

point or a point-to-multipoint basis, or any combination thereof, having equipment appropriate
for receiving that service; and

(ii) includes a service, or a service belonging to a class of services, which is a television programme
service in accordance with the provisions of a notice under subsection (5)(a);

(b) does not include the provision of a service that-
(i) consists only of a television programme that is made solely for performance or display in a public

place;
(ii) consists only of a television programme that is intended wholly or mainly for the purposes of the trade,

business, employment or profession of the recipient (but excluding a television programme delivered
to hotel rooms);

(iii) consists only of a service that is specified in Schedule 3; or
(iv) is a service, or a service belonging to a class of services, which is not a television programme service

in accordance with the provisions of a notice under subsection (5)(b);
television programme service locking device (鎖碼裝置) means a device which enables a person to whom a

television programme service is or is to be provided to control access to the service;
unauthorized decoder (未經批准的解碼器) means a decoder by means of which encrypted television programmes

or encrypted television programme services provided under a licence can be viewed in decoded form without
payment of a subscription where a subscription is required to be paid; (Added 8 of 2004 s. 2)

voting control (表決控制權) and voting controller (表決控權人) mean the same as they do in the definitions of
voting control and voting controller respectively in Part 1 of Schedule 1;

voting share (有表決權股份), in relation to a corporation, means a share which entitles the registered owner of the
share to vote at meetings of the shareholders of the corporation.

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28; 14 of 2012 s. 176)
(2) The Authority may, by notice in the Gazette, declare that persons specified in the notice are not associates if the

Authority specifies in the notice that it is satisfied that- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) the persons do not act together in any relevant dealing relating to a licensee or disqualified person; and
(b) each person is not in a position to exert influence over the business dealings of the other person in relation

to that licensee or disqualified person.
(3) The Chief Executive in Council or the Authority, as the case may require, may, by notice in writing, specify the

form and the amount of a first performance bond or bank guarantee mentioned in the definition of performance
bond in subsection (1). (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(4) For the purposes of this Ordinance-
(a) transmission on a point-to-point basis means that each transmission (of which there may be more than one

at the same time, but independent of and separate from one another) is between one point and only one
other point;

(b) transmission on a point-to-multipoint basis means that a transmission is between one point and 2 or more
other points;

(c) a television programme does not cease to be so merely because it is an interactive programme, that is, a
programme which is designed so that the viewer can participate in or influence its contents and method of
presentation (if it is otherwise a television programme).



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 5

(5) The Chief Executive in Council may, by notice in the Gazette-
(a) declare a service, or a class of services, specified in the notice to be a television programme service, or a

class of television programme services, as the case may be;
(b) declare a service, or a class of services, specified in the notice not to be a television programme service, or a

class of television programme services, as the case may be.
(6) Any reference in this Ordinance to the performance of a function shall be construed as including the exercise of

a power or the performance of a duty, as the case may require.
(7) Where, in relation to a corporation, 2 or more persons have a joint interest, then for the purposes of this

Ordinance each of those persons shall be regarded as having the entire interest to the exclusion of the other
persons.

(8) For the purposes of this Ordinance-
(a) Schedules 1 and 4, unless otherwise stated, shall have effect to and in relation to a domestic free television

programme service, domestic free television programme service licence and domestic free television
programme service licensee;

(b) Schedules 1 and 5, unless otherwise stated, shall have effect to and in relation to a domestic pay television
programme service, domestic pay television programme service licence and domestic pay television
programme service licensee;

(c) Schedule 6, unless otherwise stated, shall have effect to and in relation to a non-domestic television
programme service, non-domestic television programme service licence and non-domestic television
programme service licensee;

(d) Schedule 7, unless otherwise stated, shall have effect to and in relation to an other licensable television
programme service, other licensable television programme service licence and other licensable television
programme service licensee.

(9) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that-
(a) a television programme service includes any advertisements comprised within the service;
(b) a notice under subsection (2) or (3) is not subsidiary legislation;
(c) a notice under subsection (5) is subsidiary legislation;
(d) where a condition specified in a licence makes any reference to an approval by or of the Authority (or

words to the like effect), then that approval may be given subject to such conditions as the Authority thinks
fit; (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(e) a provision of this Ordinance which requires information or a document to be disclosed or otherwise given
to the Authority or any other person does not operate to require a person to disclose or otherwise give any
information or document which the person could not be compelled to disclose or otherwise give in evidence
in civil proceedings before the Court of First Instance. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(10) Subsection (9)(e) shall not apply to the disclosure by a solicitor of the name and address of a client of the
solicitor.

(11) In exercising its powers under this Ordinance, the Authority shall- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) when forming an opinion or making a determination, direction or decision under this Ordinance, only do so

on reasonable grounds and having regard to relevant considerations;
(b) when forming an opinion or making a determination, direction or decision under this Ordinance, provide

reasons in writing for it.
(12) The Authority may, by notice in writing served on the licensee, or the person seeking to be a licensee,

concerned, waive the requirement specified in paragraph (b)(i) of the definition of other licensable television
programme service if the Authority is satisfied that the other licensable television programme service concerned
is only intended or available for reception by a single housing estate. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(13) In this Ordinance-
(a) a reference to "telecommunications" includes "telecommunication";
(b) a reference to "Telecommunications" includes "Telecommunication".

(Amended E.R. 2 of 2012)

Part: 2 Codes of Practice and Guidelines E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012






Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 6

Section: 3 Approval of codes of practice by Authority* E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Subject to subsection (8), for the purpose of providing practical guidance for licensees in respect of any
requirements under this Ordinance imposed on licensees or in respect of licence conditions, the Authority may-
(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) approve and issue such codes of practice (whether prepared by it or not) as in its opinion are suitable for

that purpose; and
(b) approve such codes of practice issued or proposed to be issued otherwise than by it as in its opinion are

suitable for that purpose.
(2) Where a code of practice is approved under subsection (1), the Authority shall, by notice in the Gazette-

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) identify the code concerned and specify the date on which its approval is to take effect; and
(b) specify for which of the requirements under this Ordinance or licence conditions the code is so approved.

(3) The Authority may- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) from time to time revise the whole or any part of any code of practice prepared by it under this section; and
(b) approve any revision or proposed revision of the whole or any part of any code of practice for the time

being approved under this section,
and the provisions of subsection (2) shall, with the necessary modifications, apply in relation to the approval of

any revision under this subsection as they apply in relation to the approval of a code of practice under subsection
(1).

(4) The Authority may at any time withdraw its approval from any code of practice approved under this section.
(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(5) Where under subsection (4) the Authority withdraws its approval from a code of practice approved under this
section, it shall, by notice in the Gazette, identify the code concerned and specify the date on which its approval
of it is to cease to have effect. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(6) References in this Ordinance to a Code of Practice are references to that code as it has effect for the time being
by virtue of any revision of the whole or any part of it approved under this section.

(7) The power of the Authority under subsection (1)(b) to approve a code of practice issued or proposed to be issued
otherwise than by it shall include power to approve a part of such a code and, accordingly, in this Ordinance
Code of Practice may be read as including a part of such a code. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(8) The Authority shall, before approving a code of practice under subsection (1) or any revision or proposed
revision of the code under subsection (3), consult with- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) such bodies representative of licensees to which the code or the code as so revised, as the case may be, will

apply (whether in whole or in part), (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(b) (Repealed 17 of 2011 s. 28)

as it thinks fit.
(9) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that different codes of practice may be approved under

subsection (1) for different classes of licensees, and may be so approved for the same or different requirements
mentioned in that subsection or licence conditions.

_________________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

Section: 4 Guidelines L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Authority may from time to time cause to be prepared and published by notice in the Gazette, for the
guidance of licensees or companies seeking to be licensees, guidelines not inconsistent with this Ordinance-
(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) indicating the manner in which the Authority proposes to perform functions conferred by this Ordinance

upon the Authority;
(b) on such other matters relevant to this Ordinance as the Authority thinks fit.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), the Authority shall, as soon as is practicable, issue
guidelines indicating the manner in which it proposes to- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) perform its function under section 9(2), including the licensing criteria and other relevant matters it

proposes to consider;



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 7

(b) perform its function under section 10(2), including the licensing criteria and other relevant matters it
proposes to consider;

(c) (Repealed 14 of 2012 s. 176)
(d) perform its function under section 18(2), including the criteria it proposes to consider.

(3) (Repealed 14 of 2012 s. 176)
(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)


Part: 3 Regulation of Broadcasting Services E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012




Section: 5 Offence of providing broadcasting service without licence E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A person shall not provide a broadcasting service except under and in accordance with a licence.
(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable-

(a) on summary conviction, to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 2 years;
(b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 5 years.


Section: 6 Unauthorized decoders E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A person shall not, in the course of trade or business, import, export, manufacture, sell, offer for sale or let for
hire an unauthorized decoder.

(1A) A person shall not, without lawful authority or reasonable excuse, for the purpose of, or in connection with, any
trade or business, possess or use, or authorize another person to possess or use an unauthorized decoder. (Added
8 of 2004 s. 3)

(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1) or (1A) commits an offence and is liable- (Amended 8 of 2004 s. 3)
(a) on summary conviction, to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 2 years;
(b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 5 years.

(3) Where it is proved that a person has-
(a) in the course of trade or business, imported, exported, manufactured, sold, offered for sale or let for hire an

unauthorized decoder; or
(b) for the purpose of, or in connection with, any trade or business, possessed or used, or authorized another

person to possess or use an unauthorized decoder,
then, unless there is evidence to the contrary, it shall be presumed that the person knew that the decoder was an

unauthorized decoder. (Replaced 8 of 2004 s. 3)
(4) For the purposes of this section, where a company, other body corporate or a partnership has done any act

referred to in subsection (1) or (1A), any person who was a director of the company or body corporate, or a
partner of the partnership at the time when the act was done shall, unless there is evidence to the contrary that he
did not authorize the act to be done, be presumed also to have done the act. (Replaced 8 of 2004 s. 3)

(5) In proceedings under this section, it is presumed that, unless there is evidence to the contrary, unauthorized
decoders on premises are in the possession of the licensee, tenant, lessee, occupier, person in charge and owner
of the premises. (Replaced 8 of 2004 s. 3)

(6) Where an offence against subsection (1) or (1A) is committed by an employee in the course of his employment,
the employer of such employee shall, without prejudice to the liability of any other person, also be guilty of that
offence but shall not be liable to any term of imprisonment. (Replaced 8 of 2004 s. 3)

(7) Where a prosecution is brought against the employer referred to in subsection (6) by virtue of this section in
respect of an offence committed by his employee, it shall be a defence-
(a) if the employer shows that he exercised such control over his employee as would ensure that his employee

was not likely to act in contravention of subsection (1) or (1A); or
(b) if the employer shows that he took all practicable steps to prevent the commission of the offence.

(Replaced 8 of 2004 s. 3)
(8) In proceedings for an offence under this section, it is a defence for the person charged to prove that he was

acting in accordance with the instructions given to him by his employer in the course of his employment and he
had no reasonable grounds to believe that the decoder was an unauthorized decoder. (Replaced 8 of 2004 s. 3)

(9) Subsection (8) does not apply in the case of an employee who-
(a) where the employer is a body corporate, is a director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 8

corporate or is a person purporting to act in any such capacity or, where the affairs of a body corporate are
managed by its members, is a member with functions of management as if he were a director of the body
corporate;

(b) where the employer is a partnership, is concerned in the management of the partnership;
(c) where the employer is a sole proprietorship, is concerned in the management of the proprietorship; or
(d) in any other case, is concerned in the management of the employer's business. (Replaced 8 of 2004 s. 3)


Section: 7 Offence of providing decoders and reception equipment

for television programme service on subscription basis
without licence

E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) Subject to subsection (2), a person shall not, in the course of trade or business, import, export, manufacture, sell,
offer for sale or let for hire any decoder for use by a Television Receive Only System to receive a broadcasting
service which is not licensed on a subscription basis.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply in relation to-
(a) an encrypted broadcasting service which is licensed other than on a subscription basis; or
(b) a decoder, or a decoder belonging to a class of decoders, which is not a decoder for the purposes of

subsection (1) in accordance with the provisions of a notice under subsection (4).
(3) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable-

(a) on summary conviction, to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 2 years;
(b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 5 years.

(3A) Where it is proved that a person has in the course of trade or business, imported, exported, manufactured, sold,
offered for sale or let for hire any decoder of the kind described in subsection (1), then, unless there is evidence
to the contrary, it shall be presumed that the person knew that the decoder was a decoder of the kind described in
subsection (1). (Added 8 of 2004 s. 4)

(3B) For the purposes of this section, where a company, other body corporate or a partnership has done any act
referred to in subsection (1), any person who was a director of the company or body corporate, or a partner of
the partnership at the time when the act was done shall, unless there is evidence to the contrary that he did not
authorize the act to be done, be presumed also to have done the act. (Added 8 of 2004 s. 4)

(3C) In proceedings under this section, it is presumed that, unless there is evidence to the contrary, the decoder of the
kind described in subsection (1) on premises is in the possession of the licensee, tenant, lessee, occupier, person
in charge and owner of the premises. (Added 8 of 2004 s. 4)

(3D) Where an offence against subsection (1) is committed by an employee in the course of his employment, the
employer of such employee shall, without prejudice to the liability of any other person, also be guilty of that
offence but shall not be liable to any term of imprisonment. (Added 8 of 2004 s. 4)

(3E) Where a prosecution is brought against the employer referred to in subsection (3D) by virtue of this section in
respect of an offence committed by his employee, it shall be a defence-
(a) if the employer shows that he exercised such control over his employee as would ensure that his employee

was not likely to act in contravention of subsection (1); or
(b) if the employer shows that he took all practicable steps to prevent the commission of the offence. (Added 8

of 2004 s. 4)
(3F) In proceedings for an offence under this section, it is a defence for the person charged to prove that he was

acting in accordance with the instructions given to him by his employer in the course of his employment and he
had no reasonable grounds to believe that the decoder was a decoder of the kind described in subsection (1).
(Added 8 of 2004 s. 4)

(3G) Subsection (3F) does not apply in the case of an employee who-
(a) where the employer is a body corporate, is a director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body

corporate or is a person purporting to act in any such capacity or, where the affairs of a body corporate are
managed by its members, is a member with functions of management as if he were a director of the body
corporate;

(b) where the employer is a partnership, is concerned in the management of the partnership;
(c) where the employer is a sole proprietorship, is concerned in the management of the proprietorship; or
(d) in any other case, is concerned in the management of the employer's business. (Added 8 of 2004 s. 4)

(4) The Authority may, by notice in the Gazette, declare a decoder, or a class of decoders, specified in the notice not
to be a decoder, or a class of decoders, as the case may be, for the purposes of subsection (1). (Amended 17 of



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 9

2011 s. 28)
(5) In this section, Television Receive Only System (單一接收電視系統) means a system for receiving satellite

television signals for use by a single specified premises and the received signals are not distributed to others.
(6) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that a notice under subsection (4) is subsidiary legislation.

Section: 7A Provisions supplementary to sections 6 and 7 E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Where the Authority or any public officer authorized in writing in that behalf by the Authority has reasonable
grounds for believing that a person has committed or has attempted to commit an offence under section 6(1) or
(1A) or 7(1), then the Authority or public officer may— (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) require the person to produce for inspection by the Authority or public officer, at any place specified by the

Authority or public officer, any unauthorized decoder or decoder— (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(i) imported, exported, manufactured, sold, offered for sale or let for hire by the person in the course of

trade or business; or
(ii) possessed or used, or authorized to be possessed or used, for the purpose of, or in connection with, any

trade or business;
(b) arrest any person whom the Authority or public officer reasonably suspects of being guilty of an offence

under section 6(1) or (1A) or 7(1);
(c) subject to subsection (3), enter and search any premises on which the Authority or public officer reasonably

believes that the person has committed or has attempted to commit an offence under section 6(1) or (1A) or
7(1), and require the production to the Authority or public officer of any books or documents relating to any
unauthorized decoder or decoder referred to in paragraph (a);

(d) seize, remove and detain—
(i) any unauthorized decoder or decoder referred to in paragraph (a);
(ii) anything that appears to the Authority or public officer to be or to be likely to be, or to contain,

evidence of an offence under section 6(1) or (1A) or 7(1).
(2) Where a public officer referred to in subsection (1) arrests a person under paragraph (b) of that subsection, the

public officer shall, without delay, take him to a police station to be dealt with there in accordance with the
Police Force Ordinance (Cap 232) or deliver him into the custody of a police officer for that purpose.

(3) Domestic premises shall not be entered or searched under subsection (1)(c) except pursuant to a warrant issued
under subsection (4).

(4) Where a magistrate is satisfied by information on oath that there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that there
is anything liable to seizure under subsection (1)(d) in any domestic premises possessed or used by a person
whom he has reasonable grounds for believing has committed or has attempted to commit an offence under
section 6(1) or (1A) or 7(1), then he may issue a warrant authorizing the Authority or any other public officer to
enter and search the premises.

(5) The Authority or any public officer authorized in writing in that behalf, in the exercise of the powers under
subsection (1) or pursuant to a warrant issued under subsection (4), may— (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) break open any outer or inner door of any place that the Authority or public officer is empowered or

authorized to enter and search;
(b) remove by force any person or thing obstructing the Authority or public officer or resisting any arrest,

detention, search, inspection, seizure or removal that the Authority or public officer is empowered to make
or carry out;

(c) detain any person found in any place that the Authority or public officer is empowered or authorized to
search until such place has been searched.

(6) A magistrate or court may, upon application by or on behalf of the Authority or by any public officer authorized
in writing in that behalf by the Authority, order that any unauthorized decoder or decoder in respect of which
there has been a contravention or attempted contravention of section 6(1) or (1A) or 7(1) shall be forfeited to the
Government, whether or not proceedings have been taken against any person in respect of the contravention or
attempted contravention.

(7) Any person who wilfully obstructs the Authority or any public officer authorized in writing in that behalf by the
Authority in the exercise of any power conferred upon the Authority or public officer under this section shall be
guilty of an offence and shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine at level 4 and to imprisonment for 6
months.



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 10

(Added 8 of 2004 s. 5. Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

Section: 7B Civil remedy E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A licensee sustaining loss or damage from a breach of section 6(1) or (1A) may bring an action for damages, an
injunction or other appropriate remedy, order or relief against the person who is in breach.

(2) A licensee may bring an action under subsection (1) even though the person against whom the action is brought
has not been charged with or convicted of an offence by reason of a contravention of section 6(1) or (1A).

(3) A licensee may bring an action for damages, an injunction or other appropriate remedy, order or relief against
any person who possesses or uses, or authorizes another person to possess or use an unauthorized decoder to
view any television programme service which is intended or available for reception by the public, on payment,
whether periodically or otherwise, of a subscription in Hong Kong.

(Added 8 of 2004 s. 5)

Part: 4 Licences-General Provisions E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012




Section: 8 To whom licence may be granted L.N. 163 of 2013 03/03/2014


(1) The Chief Executive in Council may in accordance with this Ordinance grant a licence to provide a domestic
free television programme service or domestic pay television programme service on application made to him in
the specified form by a company.

(2) The Authority may in accordance with this Ordinance grant a licence to provide a non-domestic television
programme service or an other licensable television programme service on application made to it in the specified
form by a company. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(3) Subject to subsection (4), a domestic free television programme service licence shall not be granted to a
company which is a subsidiary of a corporation.

(4) Without prejudice to the operation of Schedules 1, 4, 5, 6 and 7, unless otherwise provided in this Ordinance, a
licence shall not be granted to and held by a company unless-
(a) in the case of a domestic free television programme service licence or domestic pay television programme

service licence-
(i) the company complies with paragraph (b) of the definition of ordinarily resident in Hong Kong in

section 2(1);
(ii) the majority of the directors required under subparagraph (iv) actively participate in the direction of the

company;
(iii) a quorum of every meeting of the directors of the company has a majority of directors who is each for

the time being ordinarily resident in Hong Kong in accordance with paragraph (a) of the definition of
ordinarily resident in Hong Kong in section 2(1) and has been so resident for at least one continuous
period of not less than 7 years;

(iv) except with the prior approval in writing of the Authority, the majority of the directors of the company
and the majority of the principal officers of the company, including the principal officer of the
company in charge of the selection, production or scheduling of television programmes, is each an
individual who is for the time being ordinarily resident in Hong Kong in accordance with paragraph (a)
of the definition of ordinarily resident in Hong Kong in section 2(1) and has been so resident for at
least one continuous period of not less than 7 years; and (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(v) no disqualified person, other than a person whose disqualification is disclosed in the application for the
licence, exercises control in the company;

(b) in the case of a non-domestic television programme service licence or an other licensable television
programme service licence, not less than one director or principal officer of the company is an individual
who is for the time being ordinarily resident in Hong Kong in accordance with paragraph (a) of the
definition of ordinarily resident in Hong Kong in section 2(1) and has been so resident for at least one
continuous period of not less than 7 years; and

(c) in the case of any licence, the company is empowered under its articles of association to comply fully with
the provisions of this Ordinance and its licence conditions (whether actual or proposed). (Amended 28 of
2012 ss. 912 & 920)



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 11


Section: 9 Recommendations by the Authority on applications for

licences*
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) An application for the purposes of section 8(1) or (2) shall be submitted to the Authority in the specified form.
(2) The Authority shall consider applications for a domestic free television programme service licence or a domestic

pay television programme service licence and make recommendations thereon to the Chief Executive in Council.
(3) Where an application is submitted to the Authority, it shall- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(a) cause a notice to be published in the Gazette as soon as is practicable-
(i) stating the name of the applicant and the type of licence sought by the applicant together with such

other particulars as the Authority thinks fit; and
(ii) stating that members of the public who are interested may make representations on the application to

the Authority by a date specified in the notice, being a date not less than 21 days after the notice is
published; and

(b) consider the representations, if any, received by the date.
(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

_________________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

Section: 10 Grant of licence E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) The Chief Executive in Council may, after considering recommendations made pursuant to section 9(2), grant a
licence under section 8(1) subject to such conditions as he thinks fit specified in the licence.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), the Authority may grant a licence under section 8(2) subject to such conditions as it
thinks fit specified in the licence.

(3) The Chief Executive in Council, in the case of licences, or a class of licences, that may be granted under section
8(1) and the Authority, in the case of licences, or a class of licences, that may be granted under section 8(2), may
by notice in writing specify conditions to which the licences shall be subject.

(4) The Chief Executive in Council or the Authority, as the case may require, may, where he or it considers it is in
the public interest to do so, vary a licence at any time during its period of validity after the licensee has been
given a reasonable opportunity to make representations under subsection (5).

(5) A licensee may make representations to the Authority in relation to any proposed variation under subsection (4)
and, in the case of a licence granted by the Chief Executive in Council, the Authority shall fairly reflect the
representations to the Chief Executive in Council.

(6) The Chief Executive in Council or the Authority, as the case may require, shall consider the representations, if
any, made under subsection (5) before implementing any proposed variation under subsection (4).

(7) A licence or an interest in a licence shall not be transferred in whole or in part.
(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)


Section: 11 Extension or renewal of licence E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) The Chief Executive in Council or the Authority, as the case may require, may, during the period of validity of a
licence, extend or renew the licence, in accordance with the provisions of this Ordinance, to take effect upon
expiry of the validity of the licence.

(2) A licensee shall submit to the Authority an application in the specified form- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) for the extension or renewal of its licence; and
(b) not less than 24 months, or such shorter period as the Authority may specify in a particular case, before the

date on which the period of validity of the licence expires.
(3) The Authority shall, in respect of a domestic free television programme service licence or domestic pay

television programme service licence, as soon as is practicable after the receipt of an application under
subsection (2) and, in any case, not later than 12 months before the expiry of the period of validity of the licence,
submit recommendations to the Chief Executive in Council in relation to the extension or non-extension or
renewal or non-renewal of the licence, and where appropriate, the conditions subject to which the licence may be
extended or renewed.



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 12

(4) Where subsection (3) applies to a domestic free television programme service licence, or a domestic pay
television programme service licence, which may be extended or renewed for a period of 6 years or more, the
Authority shall conduct a public hearing in accordance with procedures for the hearing determined by the
Authority.

(5) Where recommendations are made under subsection (3), the Chief Executive in Council shall consider them and
as soon as is practicable-
(a) extend or renew the licence to which they relate subject to such conditions as he thinks fit specified in the

licence; or
(b) decide not to extend or renew the licence.

(6) In the case of a non-domestic television programme service licence or an other licensable television programme
service licence, the Authority shall, at a time reasonable in all the circumstances of the case before the expiry of
the licence- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) extend or renew the licence subject to such conditions as it thinks fit specified in the licence; or
(b) decide not to extend or renew the licence.

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

Section: 12 Determination of whether television programme service

primarily targets Hong Kong
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) A licensee (including a person seeking to be a licensee) shall, before providing a television programme service
in or from Hong Kong, make an application in the specified form to the Authority for a determination on
whether or not the service would, if provided, primarily target Hong Kong. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(2) The Authority shall, as soon as is practicable after the receipt of an application under subsection (1), make a
determination in writing that the Authority is of the opinion that the television programme service the subject of
the application, if provided- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) would primarily target Hong Kong; or
(b) would not primarily target Hong Kong.

(3) Where the Authority has made a determination under subsection (2), it shall as soon as is practicable after
making the determination, serve a copy of the determination on the licensee (or person seeking to be a licensee)
concerned together with a statement of its reasons in support of the determination. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(4) Subject to subsection (5), where the Authority ceases to be of the opinion that gave rise to a determination under
subsection (2) (old determination), then- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) it shall make a further determination in writing (new determination) that the Authority is of the opinion that

the television programme service the subject of the old determination- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(i) primarily targets Hong Kong; or
(ii) does not primarily target Hong Kong;

(b) it shall as soon as is practicable after making the new determination, serve a copy of the new determination
on the licensee (or person seeking to be a licensee) concerned together with a statement of its reasons in
support of the determination;

(c) upon the date the licensee (or person seeking to be a licensee) is served with a copy of the new
determination, the old determination shall thereupon be deemed to be repealed unless the new determination
provides for the repeal of the old determination at a later date; and

(d) this subsection shall, with all necessary modifications, apply to the new determination as it applies to the
old determination should the Authority subsequently cease to be of the opinion that gave rise to the new
determination. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(5) The Authority shall, before making a determination under subsection (4)- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) give the licensee concerned a reasonable opportunity to make representations to the Authority in relation to

whether or not the television programme service concerned- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(i) primarily targets Hong Kong; or
(ii) does not primarily target Hong Kong; and

(b) consider the representations, if any, made.
(6) In determining whether or not a television programme service primarily targets Hong Kong, account shall be

taken of, but not limited to, the following matters-
(a) whether the service covers Hong Kong;
(b) whether the sources of advertising and subscription revenues, where applicable, of the service are derived



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 13

principally from Hong Kong;
(c) the language of the service and the nature and size of the audiences targeted by the service; and
(d) whether the service is actively marketed in Hong Kong by the licensee or by a third party on its behalf.

(7) In this section, television programme service (電視節目服務) includes any part of a television programme
service.


Part: 5 Requirements Relating to Licensed Services E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012




Section: 13 (Repealed 14 of 2012 s. 176) L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015




Section: 14 (Repealed 14 of 2012 s. 176) L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015




Section: 15 (Repealed 14 of 2012 s. 176) L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015




Section: 16 (Repealed 14 of 2012 s. 176) L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015




Section: 17 Separate accounting E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Where a licensee holds a licence under the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106), it shall adopt accounting
practices which ensure that-
(a) its activities in relation to its licence under this Ordinance can be readily understood without reference to its

activities in relation to its licence under that Ordinance; and
(b) its activities in relation to its licence under the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106) can be readily

understood without reference to its activities in relation to its licence under this Ordinance.
(2) The Authority may, by notice in writing served on a licensee to which subsection (1) applies, direct the licensee

to adopt an accounting practice- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) specified in the direction;
(b) for the purpose of securing, or assisting the securing of, compliance with that subsection; and
(c) which is consistent with generally accepted accounting principles in Hong Kong.


Section: 18 Service provision requirements E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Subject to subsection (2), a licensee the licensed service of which is a domestic free television programme
service or domestic pay television programme service shall, within such period as is specified in the licence or
such other period as may be determined in writing by the Authority, provide the service in such manner as to
enable the service to be received throughout Hong Kong to the satisfaction of the Authority or, in the case of a
domestic pay television programme service, such parts of Hong Kong as are specified for the purposes in the
licence.

(2) The Authority may, by notice in writing served on a licensee, exempt the licensee from complying with
subsection (1) in relation to any parts of Hong Kong specified in the notice and during any period specified in
the notice.

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

Section: 19 Television programmes for schools E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


The Authority may, by notice in writing served on a domestic free television programme service licensee, require the
licensee to include in its licensed service, without charge, any educational television programme for schools supplied
by the Government.

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 14


Section: 20 Television programme service locking device E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


A licensee (except a domestic free television programme service licensee) shall provide a television programme
service locking device to the satisfaction of the Authority where its licensed service is- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(a) a domestic pay television programme service;
(b) a non-domestic television programme service provided in Hong Kong where a subscription is required to be

paid for the service provided in Hong Kong; or
(c) an other licensable television service,

but excluding such a service provided to hotel rooms.

Section: 21 Restrictions on persons not regarded as fit and proper E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A licensee and any person exercising control of the licensee shall be and remain a fit and proper person.
(2) Subject to subsection (3), a licensee shall, on or before the 1st of April of each year, provide information in the

specified form to the Authority to enable the Authority to establish and verify whether the licensee or a person
exercising control of the licensee is a fit and proper person. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(3) Subsection (2) shall not apply to a licensee which has been a licensee for less than 4 months.
(4) In determining whether a licensee or person exercising control over the licensee is a fit and proper person,

account shall be taken of-
(a) the business record of the licensee or person;
(b) the record of the licensee or person in situations requiring trust and candour;
(c) the criminal record in Hong Kong of the licensee or person in respect of offences under the laws of Hong

Kong involving bribery, false accounting, corruption or dishonesty; and
(d) the criminal record in places outside Hong Kong of the licensee or person in respect of conduct which, if

done in Hong Kong, would constitute or form part of the criminal record in Hong Kong of the licensee or
person as mentioned in paragraph (c).


Section: 22 Prevention of interference with programming

independence of licensees
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) A licensee shall not, except in respect of material the supply of which it is contracting for its licensed service,
agree to include or to refrain from including in its licensed service any material.

(2) Any provision in an agreement which requires a licensee to include or to refrain from including in its licensed
service any material, other than material to be supplied under the agreement, shall not be enforceable against the
licensee.


Section: 23 General requirements as to television programme services E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A licensee shall be responsible at all times for ensuring that its licensed service does not include a subliminal
message.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), a licensee shall-
(a) comply with its licence conditions;
(b) comply with any requirements under this Ordinance which are applicable to it;
(c) comply with any directions, orders, or determinations, under this Ordinance which are applicable to it;
(d) comply with all provisions in a Code of Practice which are applicable to it; and
(e) without prejudice to the operation of any Code of Practice which relates to this section, to any regulations

under section 42(1)(e) or to the Authority's functions under section 9 of the Broadcasting (Miscellaneous
Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 391), secure proper standards for its licensed service with regard to television
programme content and technical performance. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(3) Subsection (2) shall not apply in the case of material supplied by the Government.
(4) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that the fact that any material included or to be included in a

licensee's licensed service is material exempted or approved for the purposes of exhibition or publication under
the Film Censorship Ordinance (Cap 392) does not by itself relieve the licensee of any obligation under this



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 15

Ordinance.
(5) In this section-
standards (標準), in relation to television programme content, includes restrictions on the time of day when content

of a particular class may be provided;
subliminal message (潛送訊息) means the transmission of material the duration of which is so brief that it does not

enable a person to obtain a conscious picture of the material.

Part: 6 Enforcement of Licences E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012




Section: 24 Directions of Authority* E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) The Authority may issue directions in writing to a licensee requiring it to take such action specified in the notice
as the Authority considers necessary in order for the licensee to comply with any requirement under a prescribed
Ordinance, any licence condition or any provision in a Code of Practice applicable to it.

(2) (Repealed 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(3) The Authority shall cause directions under subsection (1) (except directions relating to technical standards) to be

published in the Gazette or in such other manner as it thinks fit
(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

_________________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

Section: 25 Investigation of licensee's business E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Where the Authority is satisfied that it is necessary for the proper performance of its functions under a
prescribed Ordinance in order to ensure a licensee's compliance with a licence condition, a requirement under
the Ordinance which is applicable to it, a direction, order, or determination, under the Ordinance which is
applicable to it, or a provision in a Code of Practice which is applicable to it, it may authorize in writing any
person to do all or any of the following at such times as are specified by it in the authorization- (Amended 17 of
2011 s. 28)
(a) require a licensee or a person whom such authorized person reasonably believes to be employed or engaged

in connection with the relevant business of a person to whom this section applies to produce for
examination any data, book, document or record which relates to such business and which is in the
possession or under the control of the licensee or person, as the case may be;

(b) examine and, if he thinks fit, to take copies of any data, book, document or record produced under
paragraph (a) or any entry therein;

(c) remove the data, book, document or record referred to in paragraph (a) or the copies referred to in
paragraph (b) for examination by him and the Authority; and (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(d) require a licensee or a person whom such authorized person reasonably believes to be employed or engaged
in connection with the relevant business of a person to which this section applies to give the authorized
person and the Authority any explanation or further particulars as specified by the authorized person in
respect of any data, book, document or record produced under paragraph (a). (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(2) Where any information or matter relevant to an investigation under this section is recorded otherwise than in a
readily legible or comprehensible form, the powers conferred by subsection (1) to require the production of any
data, book, document or record shall include power to require the production or reproduction of the data, book,
document or record of a relevant part of it in a readily legible and comprehensible form.

(3) A magistrate may, if satisfied by information on oath laid by the chairperson or vice-chairperson of the
Authority or by the Director-General of Communications- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) that it is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the Authority as referred to in subsection

(1) that entry be obtained to any premises which the chairperson, vice-chairperson or the Director-General
of Communications has reasonable grounds for believing is used or occupied by a person to whom this
section applies for the purposes of keeping, storing or using any data, book, document or record which
relates to the relevant business of the person to whom this section applies; and (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 16

(b) that permission to enter such premises has been refused or that entry is likely to be refused,
issue a warrant authorizing a person authorized under subsection (1) to enter such premises, and such person-

(i) may exercise therein the powers specified in subsection (1); and
(ii) copy, seize, remove and detain any data, book, document or record therein or any copy thereof which the

authorized person has reasonable grounds for believing will afford evidence likely to assist the Authority in
the proper performance of its functions under this Ordinance. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(4) A person who is an employee, director, principal officer or agent of a person to whom this section applies shall
assist and shall not obstruct a person exercising a power under this section.

(5) Any data, book, document or record removed under this section may be retained for any period not exceeding 6
months beginning on the day of its removal or, where the data, book, document or record is required in
connection with any criminal proceedings, for such longer period as may be necessary for the purposes of those
proceedings.

(6) Where a person removes any data, book, document or record under this section, he shall, as soon as is
practicable, give a receipt for it, and he shall permit any person who would be entitled to inspect it but for its
removal to inspect the same at any reasonable time and to make copies of and take extracts from it; but any such
permission shall be subject to such reasonable conditions as to security or otherwise as the Authority may
impose. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(7) Every person exercising any power under subsection (1) or (3) shall be furnished with a copy of his
authorization and shall, upon request, produce for inspection, evidence of his identity and of his authorization.

(8) The powers conferred by subsections (1)(a) or (b) and (3) include a power-
(a) to require the person mentioned in subsection (1)(a) to extract or retrieve, or cause to be extracted or

retrieved, in a visual or printed or other written form or on a computer disc, or in both, any information
referred to in subsection (10) and specified by the person exercising the power, and if when extracted or
retrieved the information is in a printed or other written form, to require the person so described to deliver it
to the person exercising the power;

(b) to extract or retrieve himself, in either of or both such forms, by means of the equipment normally used for
that purpose, any information so referred to; and

(c) to examine any information so extracted or retrieved and if thought fit to remove it.
(9) This section applies to a person who is a licensee or its associate.
(10) In this section-
data, book, document or record (數據、簿冊、文件或紀錄) includes any information which-

(a) relates to a relevant business; and
(b) is recorded in a form in which it can be extracted or retrieved by equipment operating automatically in

response to instructions given for that purpose.
relevant business (有關業務) means business directly connected or associated with the provision of a television

programme service.
(11) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that the provisions of Part XII of the Interpretation and General

Clauses Ordinance (Cap 1) apply to this section.

Section: 26 Authority may obtain information* E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) If the Authority is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for believing that a person, other than a licensee, is,
or is likely to be, in possession of information or a document that is relevant to the Authority's investigation of a
breach or suspected breach of a licence condition, a requirement under this Ordinance, or a direction, order, or
determination, under this Ordinance, the Authority may serve a notice in writing on the person- (Amended 17 of
2011 s. 28)
(a) requesting the person to-

(i) give the information or document in writing to the Authority; or
(ii) produce the document to the Authority,

as the case requires, before a date (the relevant date) specified in the notice, being a date reasonable in all
the circumstances of the case;

(b) stating that if the person is of the view that he cannot, or does not wish to, comply with the request, then he
may make representations in writing to the Authority as to why he is of that view before the relevant date;
and



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 17

(c) accompanied by a copy of this section in the Chinese and English languages.
(2) Where the Authority receives representations referred to in subsection (1)(b) from a person, the Authority shall-

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) consider them; and
(b) serve a notice in writing on the person stating that the Authority has considered the representations and that-

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(i) the notice under subsection (1) served on the person is withdrawn with effect from the date of service

of the notice under this subsection; or
(ii) the notice under subsection (1) served on the person remains in force and the Authority will on a date

specified in the notice under this subsection seek an order under subsection (3) unless the person has,
before the date, complied with the notice under subsection (1) served on the person.

(3) Where a notice under subsection (1) served on a person has not been withdrawn under subsection (2)(b)(i) and
the person has not complied with the notice before the relevant date, or before the date specified in the notice
under subsection (2) served on the person, as the case requires, then a magistrate may-
(a) if satisfied by information on oath that there are reasonable grounds for believing that the person is, or is

likely to be, in possession of the information or a document to which the first-mentioned notice relates and
that the information or document is relevant to the Authority's investigation of a breach or suspected breach
of a licence condition, a requirement under this Ordinance, or a direction, order, or determination, under this
Ordinance; and

(b) after considering the representations, if any, referred to in subsection (1)(b) received by the Authority in
consequence of the service of the notice,

issue an order that the person shall, within the time specified in the order, give the information or document in
writing to the Authority or produce the document to the Authority, as the case requires.

(4) Any information or document to be given or produced to the Authority by a person in compliance with a notice
under subsection (1) or an order under subsection (3) shall be so given or produced by reference to the
information or document at the time of service of that notice except that the information or document may take
account of any processing- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) made between that time and the time when the information or document is so given or produced; and
(b) that would have been made irrespective of the service of that notice.

(5) The Authority shall not disclose any information or document given or produced to it under this section except
subject to the requirement in subsection (6) and if the Authority considers that it is in the public interest to
disclose that information or document, as the case may be.

(6) The Authority shall give a person giving or producing any information or document under this section a
reasonable opportunity to make representations on a proposed disclosure of the information or document, as the
case may be, and shall consider all representations made before the Authority makes a final decision to disclose
the information or document, as the case may be.

(7) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that where a person gives or produces any information or
document under this section notwithstanding that the information or document is the subject of a confidentiality
agreement with another person that prevents the first-mentioned person from releasing the information or
document, the first-mentioned person shall not be liable for any civil liability or claim whatever in respect of the
giving or production of that information or document contrary to that agreement.

(8) A person commits an offence if he, without reasonable excuse-
(a) fails to comply with an order under subsection (3);
(b) fails to comply with subsection (4); or
(c) in purported compliance with a notice under subsection (1) or an order under subsection (3), knowingly

gives information that is false or misleading,
and shall be liable on conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 2 years.
(9) In this section, processing (處理), in relation to any information or document, includes amending, augmenting,

deleting or rearranging all or any part of the information or document, whether by automated means or
otherwise.

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
_________________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)




Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 18

Section: 27 Confidential matter to be safeguarded E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Subject to subsections (1A) and (2)- (Amended 14 of 2012 s. 176)
(a) any information which is furnished, and any data, book, document or record which is produced, by a person

in confidence to the Authority or any person authorized by it or any committee appointed by it or by that
committee for any purpose connected with the performance of any function under this Ordinance, shall be
treated as confidential; and

(b) unless the person otherwise permits in writing and except in accordance with such permission, no such
information, data, book, document or record or any copy thereof shall be divulged or shown to any person
other than in confidence to members of the Authority or any committee appointed thereby, or to a public
officer acting in the performance of his duties or for the purposes of this Ordinance or the Broadcasting
(Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 391).

(1A) Subsection (1) does not apply to any information that is furnished, or any data, book, document or record that is
produced, to the Authority under the Competition Ordinance (Cap 619). (Added 14 of 2012 s. 176)

(2) Subsection (1) shall not be construed as prohibiting the disclosure of information-
(a) with a view to the institution of or otherwise for the purposes of any criminal proceedings or any

investigation in connection therewith, whether under this Ordinance or otherwise, in Hong Kong;
(b) in connection with civil proceedings to which the Authority is a party;
(c) which facilitates the Authority investigating or determining a complaint that a licensee is engaging in

conduct that contravenes a provision of a prescribed Ordinance; or
(d) subject to subsection (3), which the Authority considers it is in the public interest to disclose.

(3) The Authority shall give the person supplying the information in confidence a reasonable opportunity to make
representations on a proposed disclosure of the information under subsection (2)(c) or (d) and shall consider all
representations made before the Authority makes a final decision to disclose the information.

(4) A person may permit, subject to such conditions as the person may specify, the Authority or any person
authorized by the Authority- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) to divulge specified information which the person has given thereto; or
(b) to show any specified document or any copy thereof which the person has produced thereto,

to any person or to any specified person.
(5) In this section, data, book, document or record (數據、簿冊、文件或紀錄) means the same as it does in

section 25(10).
(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28; E.R. 1 of 2013)

(Format changes—E.R. 1 of 2013)

Section: 28 Licensee to pay financial penalty L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) Subject to this section, the Authority may, by notice in writing served on a licensee, require the licensee to pay
the financial penalty specified in the notice where that penalty may be imposed by virtue of this section.

(2) The Authority may impose a financial penalty on a licensee if it is satisfied that the licensee contravened-
(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) a licence condition;
(b) a requirement under this Ordinance which is applicable to it;
(c) a direction, order, or determination, under this Ordinance which is applicable to it; or
(d) a provision in a Code of Practice which is applicable to it.

(3) The financial penalties imposed under this section shall not exceed $200000 for the first occasion on which a
penalty is imposed, $400000 for the second occasion on which a penalty is imposed, and $1000000 for any
subsequent occasion on which a penalty is imposed.

(4) (Repealed 14 of 2012 s. 176)
(5) The Authority shall not impose a financial penalty under this section unless, in all the circumstances of the case,

the financial penalty is proportionate and reasonable in relation to the failure or series of failures concerned
giving rise to that penalty.

(6) The Authority shall not impose a financial penalty unless it has given the licensee a reasonable opportunity to
make representations to it in relation to the matters in respect of which a financial penalty is proposed to be
imposed.



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 19

(7) The Authority shall not impose a financial penalty in respect of a contravention by a licensee of a licence
condition where a performance bond has been called in respect of the contravention.

(8) The Authority shall not impose a financial penalty in respect of a contravention by a licensee of a requirement
under this Ordinance where the licensee has been convicted of an offence in respect of the contravention.

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

Section: 29 Recovery of financial penalty E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A financial penalty required to be paid under section 28(1) may be recovered by the Government as a civil debt.
(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(2) Where, on an appeal under section 34, the Chief Executive in Council-
(a) remits a financial penalty, subsection (1) shall not apply; or
(b) reduces the amount of a financial penalty, subsection (1) shall apply in respect of the reduced financial

penalty.
(3) A certificate in writing purporting to have been made by the Authority to the effect that a financial penalty is due

and payable to the Government shall be prima facie evidence of that fact. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(4) A licensee shall pay to the Director of Accounting Services the financial penalty imposed by a notice under

section 28(1) served on it not later than 30 days after the date on which the notice is served.

Section: 30 Licensee to include correction or apology in television

programme service
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) Subject to subsection (3), the Authority may, in a case falling within subsection (2), by notice in writing served
on a licensee, direct the licensee to include in its licensed service a correction or apology, or both, in a form
approved by the Authority, in such manner (including within such period and within such time of day) as is
specified in the notice. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(2) The Authority may issue a direction under subsection (1) if it is satisfied that the licensee contravened-
(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) a licence condition;
(b) a requirement under this Ordinance which is applicable to it;
(c) a direction, order, or determination, under this Ordinance which is applicable to it; or
(d) a provision of a Code of Practice which is applicable to it.

(3) The Authority shall not issue a direction under subsection (1) unless the licensee has been given a reasonable
opportunity to make representations to the Authority regarding the matter complained of. (Amended 17 of 2011
s. 28)

(4) Where a licensee carries out a direction under this section, it may announce that it is doing so pursuant to the
direction.


Section: 31 Suspension of licence L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, the Authority may, by notice in writing served on a licensee, suspend its
licence for a period of not more than 30 days as is specified in the notice. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(2) A licence shall only be suspended under subsection (1)-
(a) for failure by the licensee to pay-

(i) any licence fee, or any other fee or charge owing by the licensee under this Ordinance, within 30 days
beginning on the date the payment is due; or

(ii) any financial penalty when it is due for payment-
(A) (Repealed 14 of 2012 s. 176)
(B) under section 29(4); or

(b) if, as may be applicable in the particular case, having regard to all the circumstances, including the number
of occasions and the gravity in respect of which, after the issue of the licence-
(i) the licensee has contravened-

(A) a licence condition;
(B) a requirement under this Ordinance which is applicable to it;
(C) a direction, order, or determination, under this Ordinance which is applicable to it; or



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 20

(D) a provision of a Code of Practice which is applicable to it;
(ii) another person has contravened a condition, requirement, direction, order, determination or provision

mentioned in subparagraph (i) and such contravention has taken place with the consent or connivance
of the licensee.

(3) The Authority shall, before making a decision whether or not to suspend a licence under subsection (1)-
(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) serve on the licensee a notice in writing stating that-

(i) the Authority has under consideration the suspension of the licence and the grounds upon which and
any other reason why such suspension is being considered;

(ii) representations as regards the proposed suspension may be made to the Authority during the period
specified in the notice (being a period of not less than 28 days beginning on the date of service of the
notice); and

(b) consider any representations made to it in relation to the proposed suspension; and
(c) in the case of a domestic free television programme service or a domestic pay television programme service

where subsection (2)(b) is applicable, conduct a public hearing in accordance with procedures for the
hearing determined by the Authority. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(4) The suspension of a licence under subsection (1) shall not come into force-
(a) subject to paragraph (b), until the expiration of the period during which an appeal under section 34 against

the suspension may be made; or
(b) if an appeal under section 34 against the suspension is made, until the appeal is withdrawn, abandoned or

determined.

Section: 32 Revocation of licence L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) Where the Authority considers that there may be cause for the Chief Executive in Council or it, as the case may
require, to revoke a licence under subsection (4), it shall conduct an inquiry in accordance with section 33 and, if
the licence was granted by the Chief Executive in Council, submit recommendations to the Chief Executive in
Council concerning the revocation. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(2) The Authority may as part of its inquiry, and shall where its inquiry concerns the provisions of subsection (4)(c),
conduct a public hearing in accordance with procedures for the hearing determined by the Authority. (Amended
17 of 2011 s. 28)

(3) Without prejudice to the generality of procedures which the Authority may determine under subsection (2), it-
(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) may, notwithstanding section 27, divulge any data, book, document or record it has received in the course

of the public hearing to any person it considers appropriate on terms of confidentiality or otherwise or treat
the same as confidential; and

(b) shall publish in such manner as it considers fit a report of the public hearing and, if the licence was granted
by the Chief Executive in Council, together with its recommendations to the Chief Executive in Council.

(4) After section 33 has been complied with but subject to subsection (5), the Chief Executive in Council or the
Authority, as the case may require, may, by notice in writing served on the licensee, revoke a licence-
(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) for failure by the licensee to pay-

(i) any licence fee, or any other fee or charge owing by the licensee under this Ordinance, within 60 days
beginning on the date the payment is due; or

(ii) any financial penalty within 60 days beginning on the date the payment is due-
(A) (Repealed 14 of 2012 s. 176)
(B) under section 29(4);

(b) if the licensee-
(i) goes into compulsory liquidation or into voluntary liquidation other than for the purposes of

amalgamation or reconstruction; or
(ii) enters into a composition or arrangement with its creditors; or

(c) if, as may be applicable in the particular case, having regard to all the circumstances, including the number
of occasions and the gravity in respect of which, after the issue of the licence-
(i) the licensee has contravened-

(A) a licence condition;



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 21

(B) a requirement under this Ordinance which is applicable to it;
(C) a direction, order, or determination, under this Ordinance which is applicable to it; or
(D) a provision in a Code of Practice which is applicable to it,

and the licensee has failed to comply with a direction under section 24(1) relating to that
contravention;

(ii) another person has contravened a condition, requirement, direction, order, determination or provision
mentioned in subparagraph (i) and such contravention has taken place with the consent or connivance
of the licensee.

(5) The Chief Executive in Council or the Authority shall not exercise a power under subsection (4) until after
considering- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) in the case of the Chief Executive in Council, the recommendations of the Authority; and
(b) in the case of both the Chief Executive in Council and the Authority, such information, matter and advice as

he or it thinks fit. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(6) The revocation by the Chief Executive in Council under subsection (4) of a licence shall take effect on the date

the notice of the revocation is served on the licensee or on such later date as is specified in the notice.
(7) The revocation by the Authority under subsection (4) of a licence shall not take effect- (Amended 17 of 2011 s.

28)
(a) subject to paragraph (b), until the expiration of the period during which an appeal under section 34 against

the revocation may be made; or
(b) if an appeal under section 34 against the revocation is made, until the appeal is withdrawn, abandoned or

determined.

Section: 33 Inquiry by Authority* E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Where the Authority conducts an inquiry under section 32(1), it may consider information and matter received
from any source.

(2) The following provisions shall apply in relation to an inquiry under section 32(1)-
(a) the Authority shall serve on the licensee a notice in writing stating- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(i) that the revocation of its licence is under consideration;
(ii) the grounds upon which and any other reason why the revocation of its licence is being considered;

and
(iii) that representations as regards the proposed revocation may be made to the Authority during such

period as shall be specified in the notice (being a period of not less than 28 days beginning on the date
of service of the notice);

(b) the Authority shall consider any representations made to it as regards the proposed revocation.
(3) The Authority shall consider any representations submitted by the licensee and such further information and

matter as it may consider necessary by reason of such representations.
(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

_________________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

Section: 34 Appeal to Chief Executive in Council E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, a licensee (including a person seeking to be a licensee) aggrieved by-
(a) a decision of-

(i) the Authority in the exercise of a discretion conferred on it under this Ordinance or the Broadcasting
(Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 391) (including a decision to specify a condition in a
licence); (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(ii) (Repealed 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(b) anything contained in a direction, order, or determination, under this Ordinance; or
(c) anything contained in a Code of Practice,

may appeal by way of petition to the Chief Executive in Council, not later than 30 days beginning on the date of
the relevant decision, the issue or making of the direction, order, or determination, or the publication of the Code
of Practice, as the case may be.



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 22

(2) Subject to sections 31(4) and 32(7), pending the determination of an appeal under subsection (1), the licensee
shall comply with the matter mentioned in that subsection being appealed against.


Section: 35 Determination of appeal E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) In determining an appeal under section 34, the Chief Executive in Council-
(a) may receive information and advice from the Authority or any other person he considers appropriate; and

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(b) shall afford the licensee concerned a reasonable opportunity to make representations on such information

and advice, if any, received.
(2) The Chief Executive in Council may determine an appeal by confirming, varying or reversing the decision,

direction, order, or determination, appealed against or, where appropriate, by directing that the relevant
provision of the Code of Practice be amended as specified by him.


Part: 7 Prohibition and Proscription by Court E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012




Section: 36 Court may prohibit certain television programmes, etc. E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A licensee shall not include in its licensed service a television programme, or any part thereof, that is likely, in
Hong Kong, to-
(a) incite hatred against any group of persons, being a group defined by reference to colour, race, sex, religion,

nationality or ethnic or national origins;
(b) result in a general breakdown in law and order; or
(c) gravely damage public health or morals.

(2) Where the Chief Secretary reasonably believes that the inclusion of a television programme, or any part thereof,
in a licensed service would contravene subsection (1), the Chief Secretary may apply to the Court of First
Instance for an order under this section.

(3) In a case of urgency, the Chief Secretary may, under subsection (2), make an application for an interim order, ex
parte and on affidavit, but otherwise the application shall be made by motion or summons.

(4) Where the Chief Secretary makes an application under subsection (2), the Court of First Instance may, where it
is satisfied that the inclusion of a television programme, or any part thereof, in a licensed service would
contravene subsection (1), make an order prohibiting the inclusion of the whole or any part of the programme in
the licensed service and requiring any person who in the opinion of the Court would be knowingly involved in
that contravention to take such steps as the Court may direct for the purpose of giving effect to the prohibition.

(5) Where the Chief Secretary makes an application under subsection (2), the Court of First Instance may, by order,
require the licensee or any other person referred to in subsection (4) to produce to it any material in the
possession or control of the licensee or other person and which relates to the television programme the subject of
the application.

(6) Where subsection (3) applies to an application under subsection (2), the Court of First Instance shall not make an
interim order under subsection (4) or (5) unless it is satisfied that it is a case of urgency.

(7) Any material produced under subsection (5) shall not be admissible in any criminal proceedings against the
licensee, or person, producing it.

(8) Subject to subsection (9), rules of court may provide for-
(a) the discharge and variation of orders under this section;
(b) proceedings relating to such orders; and
(c) costs.

(9) The power to make rules of court under section 54 of the High Court Ordinance (Cap 4) shall include the power
to make rules of court for the purposes of this section.

(10) The jurisdiction of the Court of First Instance under this section shall not be exercised by the Registrar of the
High Court or a Master of that Court.





Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 23

Part: 8 Miscellaneous E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012




Section: 37 Contests E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


Notwithstanding the provisions of the Gambling Ordinance (Cap 148), contests which comply with the standards set
out in a Code of Practice applicable to contests may be organized in connection with television programmes included
in a licensed service and may form part of those programmes.

Section: 38 Inspection and testing of technical equipment E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) The Authority or any person authorized in writing by it in that behalf may, at any reasonable time, inspect and
test any equipment or part thereof used, or intended to be used, by a licensee for the provision of any television
programme service for the purpose of ascertaining whether or not the licensee is complying with such technical
standards as the Authority considers necessary in order for the licensee to comply with any requirement under a
prescribed Ordinance, any licence condition or any provision in a Code of Practice applicable to it.

(2) The directors, principal officers and other employees of a licensee shall, for the purpose of any inspection or test
under subsection (1)-
(a) make available on request to the Authority or any person authorized by it for the purpose of the inspection

or test and permit to be inspected and tested any equipment or part thereof used, or intended to be used, for
the provision of any television programme service;

(b) if so required by the Authority or such authorized person, give any explanation or particulars which the
Authority or person considers necessary for the purposes of exercising any powers of the Authority or such
person under this section; and

(c) assist the Authority or such authorized person in carrying out the inspection or test in any manner specified
by the Authority or such person.

(3) Nothing in subsection (2) shall oblige any person to answer any question which incriminates or might
incriminate him or which relates to matters not within his knowledge or to give information which cannot
reasonably be expected to be in his possession or under his control.

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

Section: 39 Licensee to submit returns E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A licensee shall submit to the Authority on or before the 1st of April of each year a return in the specified form
showing the names and places of residence of the directors and principal officers of the licensee and indicating
whether or not those directors and principal officers are for the time being ordinarily resident in Hong Kong and
have been so resident for at least one continuous period of not less than 7 years.

(2) A domestic free television programme service licensee or domestic pay television programme service licensee
shall submit, at the same time as the return submitted under subsection (1), a statutory declaration made by the
company secretary of, or a director of, the licensee showing whether or not any disqualified person has exercised
any control in the licensee during the year immediately preceding the year to which the return relates.

(3) Without prejudice to the operation of subsection (1), where there is any change of directors or principal officers
in a licensee, the licensee shall submit to the Authority a return in the specified form showing particulars of the
change, within 7 days beginning on the date the change takes place.

(4) A licensee shall submit to the Authority, within a reasonable time after being required to do so, such other
information as the Authority considers necessary for the purpose of performing its functions under this
Ordinance.

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

Section: 40 Service of documents E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A document (howsoever described) required to be served under this Ordinance may be served by prepaying
(where requisite), registering and posting an envelope addressed to the person on or to whom the document is to
be served at his usual or last known place of abode or business and containing the document; and, unless there is



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 24

evidence to the contrary, the document shall be deemed to have been served and received at the time at which
such envelope would have been delivered in the ordinary course of post.

(2) For the purposes of this section, a company shall be deemed to have its usual place of business at its registered
office, and any other body corporate shall be deemed to have a usual place of business at its principal office or
any other place at which it carries on business.


Section: 41 Power of Authority to specify forms* E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Subject to subsection (2), the Authority may specify the form of any document (howsoever described) required
under this Ordinance to be in the specified form and the form of such other documents (howsoever described)
required for the purposes of this Ordinance as it thinks fit.

(2) The Authority's power under subsection (1) shall be subject to any express requirement under this Ordinance for
a form, whether specified or otherwise, to comply with that requirement, but that requirement shall not restrict
the exercise of that power in respect of that form to the extent that, in the opinion of the Authority, its exercise of
that power in respect of that form does not contravene that requirement.

(3) The Authority's power under subsection (1) may be exercised in such a way as to- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) include in the specified form of any document referred to in that subsection a statutory declaration-

(i) to be made by the person completing the form; and
(ii) as to whether the particulars contained in the form are true and correct to the best of that person's

knowledge and belief;
(b) specify 2 or more forms of any document referred to in that subsection, whether as alternatives, or to

provide for particular circumstances or particular cases, as the Authority thinks fit.
(4) A form specified under this section shall be-

(a) completed in accordance with such directions and instructions as are specified in the form;
(b) accompanied by such documents as are specified in the form; and
(c) if the completed form is required to be provided to-

(i) the Authority;
(ii) another person on behalf of the Authority; or
(iii) any other person,

so provided in the manner, if any, specified in the form.
(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

_________________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

Section: 42 Regulations L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Chief Executive in Council may by regulation-
(a) in relation to a licence, specify requirements, additional to those specified elsewhere in this Ordinance, with

respect to the control, whether direct or indirect, to be exercised over the provision of television programme
services, the board of directors, or property used or kept by the licensee in connection with its licensed
service by any other person;

(b) empower the Authority to waive or dispense with the requirements mentioned in paragraph (a) generally or
in a particular case on the grounds specified in the regulation; (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(c) in relation to a domestic free television programme service licence or domestic pay television programme
service licence, specify requirements, additional to those specified elsewhere in this Ordinance, with respect
to the beneficial ownership or control, whether direct or indirect, of any of the voting shares in the licensee;

(d) for the purposes of securing compliance with Parts 3 and 4 of Schedule 1 by a domestic free television
programme service licensee, make provision for-

(i) matters relating to voting controllers under that Schedule; and
(ii) the holding, acquisition or disposal of rights, titles and interests to or in voting shares in a licensee;
(e) specify television programme and advertising standards, including, without limitation, restrictions on the

time of day when television programme and advertisements may be provided, and may do so for different
licensees and different broadcasting services;

(f) prescribe anything that may be prescribed under this Ordinance;



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 25

(g) provide for any matter incidental or ancillary to or necessary to give effect to any matter referred to in
paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d), (e) or (f).

(2) Subject to subsection (3), regulations under subsection (1) shall be subject to the approval of the Legislative
Council.

(3) Subject to subsection (4), subsection (2) shall not apply to regulations under subsection (1)(f) or regulations
under subsection (1)(g) to the extent that they relate to subsection (1)(f).

(4) (Repealed 14 of 2012 s. 176)
(5) Subject to subsection (6), any regulation under this section may provide that a contravention of a specified

provision of any regulation under any provision of this section shall be an offence punishable-
(a) on summary conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 6 months; and
(b) on conviction on indictment to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 12 months.

(6) Regulations under subsection (1)(d) may provide that a contravention of a specified provision made thereunder
shall be an offence punishable with a fine not exceeding $1000000 and a term of imprisonment not exceeding 2
years.


Section: 43 Amendment of Schedules 1 to 8, etc. E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) The Chief Executive in Council may, by notice in the Gazette, amend any of Schedules 1 to 8 and amendments
to Schedule 1 or 3 shall be subject to the approval of the Legislative Council.

(2) Any provision in Schedule 4, 5, 6 or 7 relating to any matter as regards an applicant for a licence, licensee or a
licensed service shall be in addition to and not in substitution of any other provision in this Ordinance relating to
that matter.


Section: 44 Repeal, transitional and savings provisions and

consequential amendments
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) The Television Ordinance (Cap 52) is repealed.
(2) Schedule 8 sets out the transitional and savings provisions applicable upon subsection (1) coming into operation.
(3) The enactments specified in Schedule 9 are amended as set out in that Schedule.

Schedule: 1 Disqualification for Holding Domestic Free or Pay

Television Programme Service Licences and Restriction on
Voting Control of Voting Controllers

L.N. 163 of 2013 03/03/2014



Remarks:
For the saving and transitional provisions relating to the amendments made by the Resolution of the Legislative
Council (L.N. 130 of 2007), see paragraph (12) of that Resolution.


[sections 2, 8, 42 & 43
& Schedules 4 & 8]


Part 1


Interpretation and Application


1. Interpretation


(1) In this Schedule, unless the context otherwise requires-
advertising agency (廣告宣傳代理商) means a person who-

(a) carries on business as an advertising agent; or
(b) exercises control of a person who carries on business as an advertising agent;

associate (相聯者), in relation to a voting controller holding voting control (whether the controller is qualified
or unqualified), means-
(a) where the voting controller holding the voting control is an individual-



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 26

(i) a relative of the voting controller;
(ii) a partner of the voting controller or a relative of the partner;
(iii) a partnership in which the voting controller is a partner;
(iv) a corporation influenced by-

(A) the voting controller;
(B) a partner of the voting controller; or
(C) a partnership in which the voting controller is a partner; or

(v) a director or principal officer of a corporation mentioned in paragraph (iv);
(b) where the voting controller holding the voting control is a corporation-

(i) an associated corporation;
(ii) a voting controller who-

(A) influences the corporation and, if the voting controller is an individual, a relative of the
voting controller; or

(B) is a partner of the voting controller to whom or which sub-subparagraph (A) applies, and if
the partner is an individual, a relative of the partner;

(iii) a director or principal officer of the corporation or of an associated corporation and a relative of
the director or officer;

(iv) a partner of the corporation and, if the partner is an individual, a relative of the partner; or
(c) where the voting controller holding the voting control is a partnership-

(i) a member of the partnership and, if the partner is an individual, a relative of the member;
(ii) a partner of the partnership and, where the partner-

(A) is an individual, a relative of the partner; or
(B) is itself a partnership, a relative of a member of the partnership who is an individual;

(iii) a corporation influenced by-
(A) the partnership;
(B) a partner of it; or
(C) where the partner is an individual, a relative of the partner;

(iv) a corporation of which a partner of the partnership is a director or principal officer;
(v) a director or principal officer of a corporation mentioned in subparagraph (iii);

associated corporation (相聯法團), in relation to a voting controller holding voting control (whether qualified
or unqualified), means-
(a) a corporation over which the voting controller has influence;
(b) a corporation which has influence over the voting controller being itself a corporation ("the second

corporation");
(c) a corporation which is under the influence of the second corporation;

disqualified person (不符合持牌資格人士) means a person who is a disqualified person under section 4, 5, 6
or 7;

influence (影響、影響力), in relation to a corporation, means the power of a voting controller to ensure-
(a) by means of the holding of shares or possession of voting power in or in relation to that or any other

corporation; or
(b) by virtue of any powers conferred by the memorandum or articles of association regulating that or any

other corporation,
that the affairs of the first-mentioned corporation are conducted in accordance with the wishes of the voting

controller;
licence (牌照 ) means a domestic free television programme service licence or domestic pay television

programme service licence;
licensee (持牌人) means the holder of a licence;
licensee's register (持牌人登記冊), in relation to a particular licensee, means the register required to be kept

under section 627 of the Companies Ordinance (Cap 622); (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
principal officer (主要人員), in relation to a corporation, means-

(a) a person employed or engaged by the corporation who, by himself or with 1 or more other persons, is
responsible under the immediate authority of the directors of the corporation for the conduct of the
business of the corporation; or



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 27

(b) a person so employed or engaged who, under the immediate authority of a director of the corporation
or a person to whom paragraph (a) applies, performs managerial functions in respect of the
corporation;

qualified voting controller (一般表決控權人) means-
(a) a voting controller who-

(i) in the case of an individual, is ordinarily resident in Hong Kong in accordance with paragraph (a)
of the definition of "ordinarily resident in Hong Kong" in section 2(1) of this Ordinance and has
been so resident for at least one continuous period of not less than 7 years;

(ii) in the case of a corporation, is ordinarily resident in Hong Kong; or
(b) a voting controller who is-

(i) the trustee or manager of any unit trust or mutual fund authorized as a collective investment
scheme under section 104 of the Securities and Futures Ordinance (Cap 571); (Amended 5 of
2002 s. 407)

(ii) the trustee of a charitable scheme made by order of a court of competent jurisdiction;
(iii) a judicial officer in whom the estate of a deceased is vested between the time of death and the

grant of letters of administration;
(iv) the Registrar of the High Court; or
(v) such other person as may be prescribed;

relative (親屬), in relation to an individual, means the spouse, parent, child, brother, sister, brother-in-law,
father-in-law, mother-in-law, sister-in-law, daughter-in-law, son-in-law, aunt, cousin, uncle, niece, nephew,
grandfather or grandmother of the individual, and for the purposes of this definition, an adopted child shall
be regarded as a child both of the natural parents and the adoptive parents and a stepchild as the child both
of the natural parents and any step parents;

total voting control (總計表決控制權) means the aggregate of voting control;
unqualified voting controller (受限制表決控權人) means a voting controller who is not a qualified voting

controller;
voting control (表決控制權) means the control of or the ability to control, whether directly or indirectly, the

exercise of the right to vote attaching to 1 or more voting shares of a licensee-
(a) by the exercise of a right, where such exercise confers the ability to exercise a right to vote or to

control the exercise of a right to vote;
(b) by an entitlement to exercise such a right to vote;
(c) under a duty or obligation;
(d) through a nominee;
(e) through or by means of a trust, agreement or arrangement, understanding or practice, whether or not

the trust, agreement or arrangement, understanding or practice has legal or equitable force or is based
on legal or equitable rights; or

(f) as a chargor of voting shares of a licensee unless the chargee of the voting shares or the nominee of the
chargee has given notice in writing to the chargor under the charge of an intention to exercise the right
to vote attaching to such voting shares;

voting controller (表決控權人) means a person who either alone or with 1 or more other persons holds voting
control.

(2) Where-
(a) 2 or more voting controllers together are voting controllers in relation to the same voting share; and
(b) 1 or more of them is a disqualified person,

then, for the purposes of this Schedule, each of the voting controllers referred to in paragraph (a) shall, in
relation to the voting share mentioned in that paragraph, be regarded as a disqualified person.

(3) When 2 or more voting controllers together are voting controllers in relation to the same voting share and 1
or more than 1 of those voting controllers is an unqualified voting controller, then for the purposes of this
Schedule, each of those voting controllers shall, in relation to that voting share, be regarded as an
unqualified voting controller.

(4) For the purposes of this Schedule, the fact that the particular voting share or shares in relation to which a
person is a voting controller cannot be identified is immaterial.

(5) For the purposes of this Schedule, any reference to exercise of control-



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 28

(a) in relation to a corporation, shall be construed in accordance with subsection (6);
(b) in relation to a body other than a corporation, means the power of a person to ensure, by virtue of the

rules regulating that or any other body, that the affairs of the first-mentioned body are conducted in
accordance with the wishes of that person.

(6) For the purposes of subsection (5)(a), a person exercises control of a corporation if-
(a) he is a director or principal officer of the corporation;
(b) he is the beneficial owner of more than 15% of the voting shares in the corporation;
(c) he is a voting controller of more than 15% of the voting shares in the corporation; or
(d) he otherwise has the power, by virtue of any powers conferred by the memorandum or articles of

association or other instrument regulating that corporation or any other corporation, to ensure that the
affairs of the first-mentioned corporation are conducted in accordance with the wishes of that person,

and any reference in this Schedule to exercising control of a licensee shall be construed accordingly.
(7) Any reference in this Schedule to a person-

(a) holding or being beneficially entitled to shares in a corporation; or
(b) being a voting controller of any voting shares in a corporation,

shall be construed as a reference to his being so entitled, whether by himself or jointly with other persons,
and whether directly or through 1 or more nominees.

(8) For the purposes of this Schedule, 2 corporations are members of the same group if-
(a) 1 of them is a corporation of which the other is a subsidiary; or
(b) both are subsidiaries of another corporation.

(9) In subsection (8), subsidiary (附屬公司), in relation to a corporation, has the same meaning which a
subsidiary has in relation to another body corporate under section 15 of the Companies Ordinance (Cap
622). (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)


2. Application


Part 3 shall not apply to a domestic pay television programme service, domestic pay television programme
service licence or domestic pay television programme service licensee.


Part 2


Disqualification for Holding Domestic Free or Pay Television Programme Service Licences and Restrictions on

Voting Control


3. Disqualified person not to hold licence or exercise control

(1) A disqualified person shall not become the holder of a licence or exercise control of a licensee unless the

disqualification was disclosed in the application for the licence.
(2) Unless the Chief Executive in Council, on application in the specified form by a licensee, is satisfied that

the public interest so requires and approves otherwise-
(a) a person shall not become or remain the holder of a licence if he is a disqualified person; and
(b) a person shall not exercise control of a licensee if he is a disqualified person.

(3) In considering the public interest for the purposes of subsection (2), account shall be taken of, but not
limited to, the following matters-
(a) the effect on competition in the relevant service market;
(b) the extent to which viewers will be offered more diversified television programme choices;
(c) the impact on the development of the broadcasting industry; and
(d) the overall benefits to the economy.


4. Disqualification of licensees


(1) Subject to subsection (2), any one of the following shall be a disqualified person in relation to a licence-

(a) a licensee in the same category of licence;
(b) a licensee in a different category of licence, including a non-domestic television programme service

licence and an other television programme service licence (except that a non-domestic television



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 29

programme service licensee is not a disqualified person in relation to a domestic pay television
programme service licence);

(c) a person who exercises control in the licensee mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b);
(d) an associate of a person who is a disqualified person by virtue of paragraph (a), (b) or (c).

(2) A licensee mentioned in subsection (1)(a) or (b) shall not be disqualified from holding a licence by reason
only of the fact that it has, under Part 4, obtained the prior approval in writing of the Chief Executive in
Council to hold or acquire an interest in a company which is a disqualified person.

(3) A person shall not be a disqualified person in relation to a company which is a licensee by reason only of
the fact that he is a director or a principal officer of, or holds or controls more than 15% of the voting shares
in, that company.


5. Disqualification of sound broadcasting licensees


The following are disqualified persons in relation to a licence-

(a) a sound broadcasting licensee under Part 3A of the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106);
(b) a person who exercises control over a licensee mentioned in paragraph (a); or
(c) an associate of-

(i) a licensee mentioned in paragraph (a); or
(ii) a person mentioned in paragraph (b).


6. Disqualification of advertising agencies


The following are disqualified persons in relation to a licence-

(a) an advertising agency;
(b) a person who exercises control over an advertising agency; or
(c) an associate of-

(i) an advertising agency; or
(ii) a person mentioned in paragraph (b).


7. Disqualification of local newspapers


The following are disqualified persons in relation to a licence-
(a) the proprietor of a newspaper printed or produced in Hong Kong;
(b) a person who exercises control over a proprietor mentioned in paragraph (a); or
(c) an associate of-

(i) a proprietor mentioned in paragraph (a); or
(ii) a person mentioned in paragraph (b).


8. Restriction on disqualified persons acting in association with voting controllers


(1) Where a voting controller holds or acquires voting control of the voting shares of a licensee as an associate
of a disqualified person and it appears to the Authority that a purpose of the holding or acquisition is to
avoid a restriction imposed on a disqualified person under this Part, then the Authority may, by notice in
writing served on any voting controller whom it believes to be a party to the holding or acquisition, give
directions to the voting controller which appear to the Authority to be necessary to- (Amended 17 of 2011
s. 28)
(a) effect a cesser of the holding or acquisition; and
(b) ensure compliance with the restriction.

(2) A notice under subsection (1) shall specify-
(a) where the directions are given for the purpose of subsection (1)(a), those directions;
(b) where the directions are given for the purpose of subsection (1)(b), those directions and the restriction

required to be complied with; and
(c) the period within which the directions are required to be complied with.

(3) Nothing in this section shall be construed as restricting or otherwise affecting a person's power to transfer a
voting share.



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 30

(4) Where 2 or more persons act together to hold or acquire the voting control of the voting shares of a licensee,
then, for the purposes of this Part, each of those persons shall be regarded in relation to the voting shares of
the licensee as being an associate of the other and of any other person acting on the directions of any of
them to hold or to acquire voting control over those voting shares.


9. Licensee's power to investigate a disqualified person


(1) Where a licensee knows or has reasonable cause to believe a person-
(a) to be a voting controller of voting shares of the licensee;
(b) to have been such a controller at any time during the relevant period; or
(c) to have assisted in or been a party to any transaction involving, in respect of any such voting share, a

change of voting controller,
then the licensee may, by notice in writing served on the person, require the person-

(i) to confirm or refute that fact; and
(ii) if he confirms it, to give such further particulars as may be required under subsection (2).

(2) A notice under subsection (1) may require the person on whom it is served-
(a) to give particulars as to his status as a disqualified person or otherwise at any time during the relevant

period;
(b) to give particulars which are within his knowledge or belief relating to the address and identity of any

person who is a party to any holding or acquisition mentioned in section 8(1);
(c) where he has at any time during the relevant period been a voting controller, but at the time the notice

is given has ceased to be so, to give particulars which are within his knowledge or belief relating to the
address and identity of any person who became a voting controller immediately upon his ceasing to be
a voting controller; and

(d) where he has at any time during the relevant period assisted in or been a party to any transaction
involving, in respect of any voting share, a change of voting controller, to give particulars which are
within his knowledge or belief relating to the address and identity of any person who became a voting
controller upon the change.

(3) A notice under subsection (1) shall specify a period within which the requirements of the notice are to be
complied with.

(4) Where any particulars are given to a licensee under this section, it shall, not later than 15 days beginning on
the date it receives the particulars, give the Authority notice in writing of the particulars. (Amended 17 of
2011 s. 28)

(5) In this section, relevant period (有關期間), in relation to a particular notice, means the period of 3 years
immediately preceding the date on which the licensee serves the notice.


10. Authority's power to obtain information as to disqualified persons

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)


(1) If it appears to the Authority that there is reason to investigate the voting controllers of any voting shares of
a licensee, it may require any person whom it has reasonable cause to believe to have, or to be able to
provide or obtain, any information as to any present or past voting controllers and their names and
addresses and of those persons who act or have acted on their behalf, to give that information to the
Authority. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), where the Authority has reasonable cause to believe a
person- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) to be a voting controller of voting shares of the licensee;
(b) to have been such a controller at any time during the relevant period; or
(c) to have assisted in or been a party to any transaction involving, in respect of any such voting shares, a

change of voting controller,
then it may, by notice in writing served on the person, require the person-

(i) to confirm or refute that fact; and
(ii) if he confirms it, to give such further particulars as may be required under subsection (3).

(3) A notice under subsection (2) may require the person on whom it is served-
(a) to give particulars as to his status as a disqualified person or otherwise at any time during the relevant



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 31

period;
(b) to give particulars which are within his knowledge or belief relating to the address and identity of any

person who is a party to any holding or acquisition mentioned in section 8(1);
(c) where he has at any time during the relevant period been a voting controller, but at the time the notice

is served has ceased to be so, to give particulars which are within his knowledge or belief relating to
the address and identity of any person who became a voting controller immediately upon his ceasing to
be a voting controller; and

(d) where he has at any time during the relevant period assisted in or been a party to any transaction
involving, in respect of any voting share, a change of voting controller, to give particulars which are
within his knowledge or belief relating to the address and identity of any person who became a voting
controller upon the change.

(4) A notice under subsection (2) shall specify a period within which the requirements of the notice are to be
complied with.

(5) The Authority may, by notice in writing served on a licensee, direct the licensee to exercise its powers of
investigation under section 9 in respect of a person named in the notice and, where the Authority gives such
a direction- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) the licensee shall comply with it; and
(b) the following shall apply-

(i) the licensee shall, not later than 15 days after the investigation is concluded, give in writing to
the Authority any information and particulars received by the licensee as a result of the
investigation; (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(ii) without prejudice to subparagraph (i), where the investigation is not concluded within 3 months
beginning on the date the relevant notice under this subsection was served on the licensee, the
licensee shall, not later than 15 days beginning on-
(A) the expiry of that 3 months period; and
(B) the expiry of every successive period of 3 months before the conclusion of the

investigation,
give to the Authority an interim report relating to the information and particulars received by it

during the period referred to in sub-subparagraph (A) or (B), as the case may be; (Amended 17
of 2011 s. 28)

(iii) an investigation shall be regarded as concluded when the licensee has made all the inquiries
necessary or expedient for the purpose of the investigation and any such inquiry shall be
regarded as concluded when a response has been received by the licensee or the time given by it
for a response has expired.

(6) In this section, relevant period (有關期間), in relation to a particular notice, means the period of 3 years
immediately preceding the date on which the Authority serves the notice. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)


11. Additional requirements regarding form and content of licensee's records


(1) Where a licensee serves a notice under section 9(1), or serves such notice in consequence of a direction
under section 10(5), it shall keep a record in the specified form containing-
(a) the date of the notice;
(b) the name of any person on whom it is served; and
(c) the particulars received by the licensee in response to the notice.

(2) A licensee shall retain a record mentioned in subsection (1) in accordance with any direction in that behalf
given by the Authority under section 16. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)


12. Power of Authority to impose restrictions

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)


(1) If-
(a) a disqualified person is convicted of an offence under section 17(2) or (3); or
(b) a person is convicted of an offence under section 17(1), (4), (5) or (6),

and it appears to the Authority that the offence was committed in relation to any voting share of a licensee,
then the Authority may, by notice in writing, direct that the share, which shall be specified in the notice,



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 32

shall be subject to such of the restrictions mentioned in subsection (3) as are specified in the notice until the
Authority makes a further notice under this subsection in respect of the share. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(2) If, in connection with an investigation under section 9 or 10, it appears to the Authority that there is
difficulty in ascertaining the relevant facts regarding a person who, in the opinion of the Authority, is or
appears to be the voting controller of any voting share of a licensee, then the Authority may, by notice in
writing, direct that the share, which shall be specified in the notice, shall be subject to such of the
restrictions mentioned in subsection (3) as are specified in the notice until the Authority makes a further
notice under this section in respect of the share. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(3) The restrictions for the purposes of subsections (1) and (2) are that-
(a) any transfer of the voting share or, in the case of a voting share that has not been issued, any transfer of

the right to be issued with it or any issue of the share is void;
(b) no voting right can be exercised in respect of the voting share;
(c) no further voting share shall be issued in right of the voting share or under any offer made to the holder

of it; and
(d) except in a liquidation, no payment shall be made of any amount due from the licensee on the voting

share, whether in respect of capital or otherwise.
(4) Where a voting share is subject to a restriction mentioned in subsection (3)(a), an agreement to transfer-

(a) the voting share; or
(b) in the case of a voting share which has not been issued, the right to be issued with it,

is void.
(5) Where a voting share is subject to a restriction, mentioned in subsection (3)(c) or (d), any agreement to

transfer a right to be issued with any other voting share in the right of such voting share, or to receive any
payment on it otherwise than on liquidation, is void.


13. Relaxation and removal of restrictions under section 12


(1) Where a voting share of a licensee is the subject of a notice under section 12(1) or (2), the licensee or any
person aggrieved by the notice may apply to the Court of First Instance for an order directing that the share-
(a) shall cease to be subject to the restrictions specified in the notice; or
(b) be sold, subject to the Court of First Instance's approval for the sale.

(2) Where the Court of First Instance makes an order under subsection (1)(b), it may also direct that the voting
share shall cease to be subject to any restrictions specified in the notice concerned under section 12(1) or
(2).

(3) An order under this section directing that a voting share shall cease to be subject to restrictions specified in
the notice concerned under section 12(1) or (2), if it is stated to be made with a view to permitting the
transfer or directing the sale of the share, may direct that any such restrictions shall continue in whole or in
part, in so far as such restrictions relate to a right acquired or offer made before the transfer or sale.


14. Provision as to proceeds of sale by order of Court of First Instance


(1) Where a voting share of a licensee is sold pursuant to an order under section 13(1)(b), the proceeds of sale,
less the costs of the sale, shall be paid into court for the benefit of any person who is beneficially interested
in the voting share and any such person may apply to the Court of First Instance for the whole or any part of
those proceeds to be paid to him.

(2) Where a person makes an application under subsection (1), the Court of First Instance may order the
payment to the applicant of the whole of the proceeds of sale together with any interest thereon or, if any
other person had a beneficial interest in the voting share at the time of its sale, the Court of First Instance
may apportion the proceeds and interest between the applicant and such other person in proportion to their
respective beneficial interests and direct that payment be made accordingly.

(3) Where the Court of First Instance makes an order under section 13(1)(b), it may further order that the costs
of an applicant in relation to the application under that section be paid out of the proceeds of sale and, if it
makes such an order and the licensee is such an applicant, the licensee shall be entitled to the payment of its
costs out of the proceeds before any other applicant is paid any part of the proceeds.


15. Privilege relating to non-disclosure and confidentiality



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 33


(1) A person is not obliged to comply with the requirements of a notice under section 9 if he is for the time

being exempted by the Financial Secretary by notice in the Gazette from the operation of section 329 of the
Securities and Futures Ordinance (Cap 571). (Amended 5 of 2002 s. 407)

(2) (Repealed 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(3) Subject to subsection (4), nothing in this Part shall be construed as requiring the disclosure of information

by an authorized institution within the meaning of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155), or by a nominee of
any such institution, acting as a banker or financial adviser in relation to the affairs of any of its customers.

(4) Subsection (3) shall not apply to the disclosure of the name and address of a voting controller by an
authorized institution, or the nominee of such an institution, mentioned in that subsection.

(5) Subject to subsection (6), any information designated as confidential which is received by a licensee or the
Authority under this Part shall be treated as confidential. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(6) Subsection (5) shall not be construed as prohibiting the disclosure of information-
(a) with a view to the institution of or otherwise for the purpose of any criminal proceedings or any

investigation in that connection, whether under this Ordinance or otherwise, in Hong Kong;
(b) by the licensee-

(i) to the Authority; (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(ii) to the Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development; or (Amended L.N. 106 of 2002;

L.N. 130 of 2007)
(iii) in connection with civil proceedings to which the licensee is a party.


16. Directions of Authority

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)


(1) The Authority may issue directions for the purposes of this Part.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), the Authority may under that subsection- (Amended

17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) specify the manner in which any document to be used for the purposes of this Part is to be distributed

by a licensee, completed and executed by or on behalf of a person to whom the document is distributed
and returned to the licensee, and assessed, processed, recorded or reported on by the licensee to the
Authority;

(b) specify the manner in which any document to be used for the purposes of this Part is to be distributed
by the licensee and returned to the licensee by or on behalf of a person to whom the document is
distributed;

(c) where a period is not specified for the doing of anything in respect of which the Authority may issue
directions under this Part, specify a period; and

(d) impose any duty or obligation on the licensee for the purpose of securing, or assisting the securing of,
compliance by the licensee with this Part.

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

17. Offences


(1) A person who, in purported compliance with any duty or requirement to give information under this Part,
gives, orally or in writing, information which is false in any material particular and which he knows or
ought reasonably to have known was false in a material particular, commits an offence.

(2) A voting controller who fails to comply with the requirements of a notice served on the controller under
section 8(1) within the period specified in the notice for complying with it commits an offence.

(3) A person who fails to comply with the requirements of a notice served on him under section 9(1) within the
period specified in the notice for complying with it commits an offence.

(4) A person who fails to comply with the requirements of a notice served on him under section 10(2) within
the period specified in the notice for complying with it commits an offence.

(5) A person who votes on a poll at a general meeting of a licensee, whether in person or by proxy, in respect of
a voting share which, to his knowledge, is for the time being subject to a restriction under section 12(3)(b),
or appoints a proxy to vote in respect of the share, commits an offence.

(6) A person who being the holder of a voting share which, to his knowledge, is for the time being subject to a



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 34

restriction under section 12(3) or having a right to be issued with another voting share in the right of the
first-mentioned share, or to receive any payment in respect of the first-mentioned share otherwise than in a
liquidation, enters into an agreement which is void under section 12(4) or (5) commits an offence.

(7) A person who commits an offence under this section is liable on conviction to a fine of $1000000 and to
imprisonment for 2 years.


18. Prosecution of offences and limitation on institution of proceedings


(1) Without affecting the powers of the Secretary for Justice in relation to the prosecution of criminal offences,
prosecution for an offence under this Part may be instituted by the Authority. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(2) Notwithstanding section 26 of the Magistrates Ordinance (Cap 227), any information or complaint relating
to an offence under this Part may be tried if it is laid or made, as the case may be, at any time within 3 years
beginning on the date of the commission of the offence or within 12 months beginning on the first
discovery of the offence by the prosecutor, whichever period expires first.


Part 3


Restrictions on Voting Control Held by Unqualified Voting Controllers (Not Applicable in Relation to Domestic

Pay Television Programme Service Licence)


19. Restrictions on percentage of voting control of unqualified voting controllers


(1) Subject to subsection (2), notwithstanding anything contained in the articles of association of a licensee or
any provision of any law apart from this section, where any question or matter is to be determined by a poll
at any general meeting of the licensee, the following shall apply- (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(a) no vote shall be cast on the poll, whether in person or by proxy, other than by or by proxy on behalf of

any person who, at the time of the general meeting, is a registered shareholder of voting shares of the
licensee in respect of which a document mentioned in section 22(1)(b) has, in accordance with any
direction in that behalf issued by the Authority under section 30, been completed and returned to the
licensee; (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(b) where the total voting control exercised by unqualified voting controllers would otherwise exceed, in
the aggregate, 49% of the total voting control exercised on the poll by both qualified and unqualified
voting controllers, the votes cast on the poll by unqualified voting controllers shall, for the purpose of
determining the question or matter, be reduced by multiplying those votes by the percentage
determined by the formula specified in paragraph (c);

(c) the formula for the purposes of paragraph (b) is-


1
x

(49 x A)
x 100 B 51

where A = the percentage of the total votes cast on the poll, the voting controllers of which are
qualified voting controllers;

B = the percentage of the total votes cast on the poll, the voting controllers of which are
unqualified voting controllers.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in the articles of association of the licensee, this section shall not
apply- (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(a) where the question or matter which is to be determined by a poll at any general meeting of the licensee

is the creation of different classes of shares in the licensee; or
(b) where the share capital of the licensee is for the time being divided into different classes of shares, to

the variation, including abrogation, of any special rights attaching to any such classes of shares.
(3) The Authority may at any time before, at or during a general meeting of a licensee, direct the licensee orally

or by notice in writing to conduct a poll upon any resolution and, where such a direction is given, the
licensee shall comply with it. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)


20. 2% to 10% control limits by unqualified voting controller subject to approval of Authority

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 35


(1) An unqualified voting controller shall not, without the prior approval in writing of the Authority-

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) hold;
(b) acquire; or
(c) exercise or cause or permit to be exercised,

2% or more but less than 6%, or 6% or more but not more than 10%, or more than 10%, in the aggregate, of
the total voting control of a licensee.

(2) If an unqualified voting controller holds more than 10%, in the aggregate, of the total voting control of a
licensee in contravention of subsection (1)(a), notwithstanding anything contained in the articles of
association of the licensee or any provision of the laws of Hong Kong apart from this section, he shall not
exercise or cause or permit to be exercised, in relation to any question or matter arising at a general meeting
of the licensee, voting rights exceeding, in the aggregate, 10% of the total voting control of the licensee.
(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(3) The Authority may, in respect of any unqualified voting controller who is in contravention of subsection
(1), by notice in writing served on him, give such directions as appear to it to be required to effect a cesser
of the contravention. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(4) A notice under subsection (3) shall specify-
(a) the directions given under subsection (3); and
(b) a period within which the directions are to be complied with.

(5) Nothing in this section shall be construed as restricting or otherwise affecting the power of a person to
transfer a voting share.


21. Restriction on unqualified voting controllers acting in association with other voting controllers


(1) Where a person being-
(a) a qualified voting controller; or
(b) an unqualified voting controller,

holds or acquires voting control of the voting shares of a licensee as an associate of an unqualified voting
controller and it appears to the Authority that a purpose of the holding or acquisition is to avoid a restriction
imposed on an unqualified voting controller under this Part, then the Authority may, by notice in writing
served on any voting controller whom it believes to be a party to the holding or acquisition, give directions
to the voting controller which appear to the Authority to be necessary to- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(i) effect a cesser of the holding or acquisition; and
(ii) ensure compliance with the restriction.

(2) A notice under subsection (1) shall specify-
(a) where the directions are given for the purpose of subsection (1)(i), those directions;
(b) where the directions are given for the purpose of subsection (1)(ii), those directions and the restriction

required to be complied with; and
(c) the period within which the directions are required to be complied with.

(3) Nothing in this section shall be construed as restricting or otherwise affecting a person's power to transfer a
voting share.

(4) Where 2 or more persons act together to hold or acquire the voting control of the voting shares of a licensee,
then, for the purposes of this Part, each of those persons shall be regarded in relation to the voting shares of
the licensee as being an associate of the other and of any other person acting on the directions of any of
them to hold or to acquire voting control over those voting shares.


22. Duty of licensee to notify Authority in relation to general meetings, etc.

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)


(1) For the purposes of this Part, a licensee shall, in relation to any general meeting and in accordance with any
relevant directions given by the Authority under section 30- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) give the Authority notice in writing of any general meeting and a copy of all the documents relevant to

the general meeting sent by it to its registered shareholders;
(b) distribute to each person whose name appeared in the licensee's register immediately before the



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 36

distribution, a document relating to the voting control attaching to the voting shares registered in that
person's name, to be completed and returned to the licensee;

(c) on receiving a request in writing from a registered shareholder, in that behalf, by reference to the
document mentioned in paragraph (b), notify in writing the registered shareholder of the number and
identity of the voting shares of the licensee in respect of which that registered shareholder is a person
described in section 19(1)(a);

(d) by reference to the document mentioned in paragraph (b), notify in writing the Authority of the total
number of voting shares held by any person mentioned in section 19(1)(a) and controlled by
unqualified voting controllers and by qualified voting controllers and the proportion, expressed as a
percentage, that the former bears to the whole;

(e) notify in writing the Authority of the name, address, and such further particulars as the Authority may
require of all unqualified voting controllers who, by reference to the document mentioned in paragraph
(b), hold 2% or more of the total voting control of the licensee; and

(f) notify in writing the Authority as to the details of the conduct of any poll held at the general meeting,
including particulars of any calculation of voting control under section 19(1)(b), and such further
particulars as the Authority may require. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(2) Where a person to whom a document is distributed under subsection (1)(b) is unable, from his own
knowledge or belief, to complete the document or has no authority to do so, he shall, where he knows the
name and address of any other person whom he has reason to believe may be able to complete or to assist in
the completion of the document or who has authority to do so, send the document to that person.


23. Licensee's power to investigate voting controllers


(1) Where a licensee knows or has reasonable cause to believe a person-

(a) to be a voting controller of voting shares of the licensee;
(b) to have been such a controller at any time during the relevant period; or
(c) to have assisted in or been a party to any transaction involving, in respect of any such voting shares, a

change of voting controller,
then the licensee may, by notice in writing served on the person, require the person-

(i) to confirm or refute that fact; and
(ii) if he confirms it, to give such further particulars as may be required under subsection (2).

(2) A notice under subsection (1) may require the person on whom it is served-
(a) to give particulars as to his status as an unqualified voting controller or otherwise at any time during

the relevant period;
(b) to give particulars which are within his knowledge or belief relating to the address and identity of any

person who is a party to any holding or acquisition mentioned in section 21(1);
(c) where he has at any time during the relevant period been a voting controller, but at the time the notice

is served has ceased to be so, to give particulars which are within his knowledge or belief relating to
the address and identity of any person who became a voting controller immediately upon his ceasing to
be a voting controller; and

(d) where he has at any time during the relevant period assisted in or been a party to any transaction
involving, in respect of any voting share, a change of voting controller, to give particulars which are
within his knowledge or belief relating to the address and identity of any person who became a voting
controller upon the change.

(3) A notice under subsection (1) shall specify a period within which the requirements of the notice are to be
complied with.

(4) Where any particulars are given to a licensee under this section, it shall, not later than 15 days beginning on
the date it receives the particulars, give the Authority notice in writing of the particulars. (Amended 17 of
2011 s. 28)

(5) In this section, relevant period (有關期間), in relation to a particular notice, means the period of 3 years
immediately preceding the date on which the licensee serves the notice.


24. Authority's power to obtain information as to voting controllers

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)




Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 37

(1) If it appears to the Authority that there is reason to investigate the voting controllers of any voting shares of
a licensee, it may require any person whom it has reasonable cause to believe to have, or to be able to
provide or obtain, any information as to any present or past voting controllers and their names and
addresses and of those persons who act or have acted on their behalf, to give that information to the
Authority. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), where the Authority has reasonable cause to believe a
person- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) to be a voting controller of voting shares of the licensee;
(b) to have been such a controller at any time during the relevant period; or
(c) to have assisted in or been a party to any transaction involving, in respect of any such voting shares, a

change of voting controller,
then it may, by notice in writing served on the person, require the person-

(i) to confirm or refute that fact; and
(ii) if he confirms it, to give such further particulars as may be required under subsection (3).

(3) A notice under subsection (2) may require the person on whom it is served-
(a) to give particulars as to his status as an unqualified voting controller or otherwise at any time during

the relevant period;
(b) to give particulars which are within his knowledge or belief relating to the address and identity of any

person who is a party to any holding or acquisition mentioned in section 21(1);
(c) where he has at any time during the relevant period been a voting controller, but at the time the notice

is served has ceased to be so, to give particulars which are within his knowledge or belief relating to
the address and identity of any person who became a voting controller immediately upon his ceasing to
be a voting controller; and

(d) where he has at any time during the relevant period assisted in or been a party to any transaction
involving, in respect of any voting share, a change of voting controller, to give particulars which are
within his knowledge or belief relating to the address and identity of any person who became a voting
controller upon the change.

(4) A notice under subsection (2) shall specify a period within which the requirements of the notice are to be
complied with.

(5) The Authority may, by notice in writing served on a licensee, direct the licensee to exercise its powers of
investigation under section 23 in respect of a person named in the notice and, where the Authority gives
such a direction- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) the licensee shall comply with it; and
(b) the following shall apply-

(i) the licensee shall, not later than 15 days after the investigation is concluded, give in writing to
the Authority any information and particulars received by the licensee as a result of the
investigation;

(ii) without prejudice to subparagraph (i), where the investigation is not concluded within 3 months
beginning on the date the relevant notice under this subsection was served on the licensee, the
licensee shall, not later than 15 days beginning on-
(A) the expiry of that 3 months period; and
(B) the expiry of every successive period of 3 months before the conclusion of the

investigation,
give to the Authority an interim report relating to the information and particulars received by it

during the period referred to in sub-subparagraph (A) or (B), as the case may be;
(iii) an investigation shall be regarded as concluded when the licensee has made all the inquiries

necessary or expedient for the purpose of the investigation and any such inquiry shall be
regarded as concluded when a response has been received by the licensee or the time given by
the licensee for a response has expired. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(6) In this section, relevant period (有關期間), in relation to a particular notice, means the period of 3 years
immediately preceding the date on which the Authority serves the notice. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)


25. Additional requirements regarding form and content of licensee's records


(1) Where a licensee serves a notice under section 23(1), or serves such notice in consequence of a direction



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 38

under section 24(5), it shall keep a record in the specified form containing-
(a) the date of the notice;
(b) the name of any person on whom it is served; and
(c) the particulars received by the licensee in response to the notice.

(2) A licensee shall retain a record mentioned in subsection (1) in accordance with any direction in that behalf
given by the Authority under section 30.


26. Power of Authority to impose restrictions

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)


(1) If-
(a) an unqualified voting controller is convicted of an offence under section 31(2) or (3); or
(b) a person is convicted of an offence under section 31(1), (5), (6), (7) or (8),

and it appears to the Authority that the offence was committed in relation to any voting share of a licensee,
then the Authority may, by notice in writing, direct that the share, which shall be specified in the notice,
shall be subject to such of the restrictions mentioned in subsection (3) as are specified in the notice until the
Authority makes a further notice under this subsection in respect of the share. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(2) If, in connection with an investigation under section 23 or 24, it appears to the Authority that there is
difficulty in ascertaining the relevant facts regarding a person who, in the opinion of the Authority, is or
appears to be the voting controller of any voting share of a licensee, then the Authority may by notice in
writing direct that the share, which shall be specified in the notice, shall be subject to such of the restrictions
mentioned in subsection (3), as are specified in the notice until the Authority makes a further notice under
this subsection in respect of the share. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(3) The restrictions for the purposes of subsections (1) and (2) are that-
(a) any transfer of the voting share or, in the case of a voting share that has not been issued, any transfer of

the right to be issued with it or any issue of the share is void;
(b) no voting right can be exercised in respect of the voting share;
(c) no further voting share shall be issued in right of the voting share or under any offer made to the holder

of it; and
(d) except in a liquidation, no payment shall be made of any amount due from the licensee on the voting

share, whether in respect of capital or otherwise.
(4) Where a voting share is subject to a restriction mentioned in subsection (3)(a), an agreement to transfer-

(a) the voting share; or
(b) in the case of a share which has not been issued, the right to be issued with it,

is void.
(5) Where a voting share is subject to a restriction mentioned in subsection (3)(c) or (d), any agreement to

transfer a right to be issued with any other voting share in the right of such voting share, or to receive any
payment on it otherwise than on liquidation, is void.


27. Relaxation and removal of restriction under section 26


(1) Where a voting share of a licensee is the subject of a notice under section 26(1) or (2), the licensee or any

person aggrieved by the notice may apply to the Court of First Instance for an order directing that the share-
(a) shall cease to be subject to the restrictions specified in the notice; or
(b) be sold, subject to the Court of First Instance's approval for the sale.

(2) Where the Court of First Instance makes an order under subsection (1)(b), it may also direct that the voting
share shall cease to be subject to any restrictions specified in the notice concerned under section 26(1) or
(2).

(3) An order under this section directing that a voting share shall cease to be subject to restrictions specified in
the notice concerned under section 26(1) or (2), if it is stated to be made with a view to permitting the
transfer or directing the sale of the share, may direct that any such restrictions shall continue in whole or in
part, in so far as such restrictions relate to a right acquired or offer made before the transfer or sale.


28. Provision as to proceeds of sale by order of Court of First Instance




Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 39

(1) Where a voting share of a licensee is sold pursuant to an order under section 27(1)(b), the proceeds of sale,
less the costs of the sale, shall be paid into court for the benefit of any person who is beneficially interested
in the voting share and any such person may apply to the Court of First Instance for the whole or any part of
those proceeds to be paid to him.

(2) Where a person makes an application under subsection (1), the Court of First Instance may order the
payment to the applicant of the whole of the proceeds of sale together with any interest thereon or, if any
other person had a beneficial interest in the voting share at the time of its sale, the Court of First Instance
may apportion the proceeds and interest between the applicant and such other person in proportion to their
respective beneficial interests and direct that payment be made accordingly.

(3) Where the Court of First Instance makes an order under section 27(1)(b), it may further order that the costs
of an applicant in relation to the application under that section be paid out of the proceeds of sale and, if it
makes such an order and the licensee is such an applicant, the licensee shall be entitled to the payment of its
costs out of the proceeds before any other applicant is paid any part of the proceeds.


29. Privilege relating to non-disclosure and confidentiality


(1) A person is not obliged to comply with the requirements of a notice under section 23 if he is for the time
being exempted by the Financial Secretary by notice in the Gazette from the operation of section 329 of the
Securities and Futures Ordinance (Cap 571). (Amended 5 of 2002 s. 407)

(2) (Repealed 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(3) Subject to subsection (4), nothing in this Part shall be construed as requiring the disclosure of information

by an authorized institution within the meaning of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155), or by a nominee of
any such institution, acting as a banker or financial adviser in relation to the affairs of any of its customers.

(4) Subsection (3) shall not apply to the disclosure of the name and address of a voting controller by an
authorized institution, or the nominee of such an institution, mentioned in that subsection.

(5) Subject to subsection (6), any information which is furnished by a person in confidence under this Part shall
be treated as confidential.

(6) Subsection (5) shall not be construed as prohibiting the disclosure of information-
(a) with a view to the institution of or otherwise for the purpose of any criminal proceedings or any

investigation in that connection, whether under this Ordinance or otherwise, in Hong Kong;
(b) by the licensee-

(i) to the Authority; (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(ii) to the Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development; or (Amended L.N. 106 of 2002;

L.N. 130 of 2007)
(iii) in connection with civil proceedings to which the licensee is a party.


30. Directions of Authority

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)


(1) The Authority may issue directions for the purposes of this Part.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), the Authority may under that subsection- (Amended

17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) specify the manner in which any document to be used for the purposes of this Part is to be distributed

by a licensee, completed and executed by or on behalf of a person to whom the document is distributed
and returned to the licensee, and assessed, processed, recorded or reported on by the licensee to the
Authority;

(b) specify the manner in which any document to be used for the purposes of this Part is to be distributed
by the licensee and returned to the licensee by or on behalf of a person to whom the document is
distributed;

(c) where a period is not specified for the doing of anything in respect of which the Authority may issue
directions under this Part, specify a period; and

(d) impose any duty or obligation on the licensee for the purpose of securing, or assisting the securing of,
compliance by the licensee with this Part.

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)




Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 40

31. Offences


(1) A person who, in purported compliance with any duty or requirement to give information under this Part,
gives, orally or in writing, information which is false in any material particular and which he knows or
ought reasonably to have known was false in a material particular, commits an offence.

(2) An unqualified voting controller who fails to comply with the requirements of a notice served on the
controller under section 20 within the period specified in the notice for complying with it commits an
offence.

(3) A voting controller who fails to comply with the requirements of a notice served on the controller under
section 21(1) within the period specified in the notice for complying with it commits an offence.

(4) A person who, without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with section 22(2) commits an offence.
(5) A person who fails to comply with the requirements of a notice served on him under section 23 within the

period specified in the notice for complying with it commits an offence.
(6) A person who fails to comply with the requirements of a notice served on him under section 24 within the

period specified in the notice for complying with it commits an offence.
(7) A person who votes on a poll at a general meeting of a licensee, whether in person or by proxy, in respect of

a voting share which, to his knowledge, is for the time being subject to a restriction under section 26(3)(b),
or appoints a proxy to vote in respect of the share, commits an offence.

(8) A person who being the holder of a voting share which, to his knowledge, is for the time being subject to a
restriction under section 26(3) or having a right to be issued with another voting share in the right of the
first-mentioned share, or to receive any payment in respect of the first-mentioned share otherwise than in a
liquidation, enters into an agreement which is void under section 26(4) or (5) commits an offence.

(9) A person who commits an offence under this section is liable on conviction to a fine of $1000000 and to
imprisonment for 2 years.


32. Prosecution of offences and limitation on institution of proceedings


(1) Without affecting the powers of the Secretary for Justice in relation to the prosecution of criminal offences,

prosecution for an offence under this Part may be instituted by the Authority. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(2) Notwithstanding section 26 of the Magistrates Ordinance (Cap 227), any information or complaint relating

to an offence under this Part may be tried if it is laid or made, as the case may be, at any time within 3 years
beginning on the date of the commission of the offence or within 12 months beginning on the first
discovery of the offence by the prosecutor, whichever period expires first.


Part 4


Restriction on Domestic Free or Pay Television Programme Service Licensees Exercising Control on

Disqualified Persons


33. Restrictions on licensees exercising control on disqualified person without Chief Executive in Council's
approval


(1) A licensee shall not exercise control on a disqualified person-

(a) unless the Chief Executive in Council, on application in the specified form by a licensee, is satisfied
that the public interest so requires and approves otherwise; and

(b) except in accordance with such conditions as are specified in the approval.
(2) In considering public interest for the purposes of subsection (1), account shall be taken of, but not limited

to, the following matters-
(a) the effect on competition in the relevant service market;
(b) the extent to which viewers will be offered more diversified television programme choices;
(c) the impact on the development of the broadcasting industry; and
(d) the overall benefits to the economy.

(Amended E.R. 2 of 2012)




Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 41

Schedule: 2 Items Which are not to be Regarded as Newspapers for the
Purpose of Paragraph (C) of Definition of Newspaper in
Section 2(1)

E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



[sections 2 & 43]
Item Description

1. Academic journals.
2. Almanacs.
3. Cartoons and comic strips.
4. Collections of photographic images (with or without captions).
5. Commercial advertisements and commercial advertising circulars and brochures.
6. Commercial circulars.
7. Company and partnership reports and company prospectuses.
8. Consumer information and reports.
9. Election pamphlets and posters.
10. Financial, economic and statistical reports.
11. Information sheets and newsletters relating to clubs, educational institutions, professional associations,

societies, trade unions and other organizations.
12. Maps, charts and tables.
13. Price lists.
14. Public speeches and statements.
15. Racing tips, racing form reports and other related materials.
16. Religious materials.
17. Sales catalogues.
18. Sheet music.
19. Trade catalogues and journals.
20. Travel brochures.
21. Technical or technology journals and catalogues.
22. Television programme guides.

Schedule: 3 Services not to Be Regarded as Television Programme

Services
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



[sections 2 & 43]

1. A service consisting of the conveyance, without variation or alteration of contents, of a licensed service-

(a) by means of a telecommunications network; and
(b) under an interconnection agreement (within the meaning of the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap

106)) between the licensee of the licensed service and the owner or operator of the telecommunications
network.

2. A service-
(a) consisting of the conveyance of a programme service exclusively between points specified by the

person transmitting the programme service and the person receiving it; and
(b) which is not made available to any other person.

3. The provision of a transactional service, that is, a service which affords facilities to conduct from the place of
reception of the service, using the same means of telecommunications by which the service is provided,
transactions for the receipt of goods or services, or both, other than a transaction which consists of ordering and
receiving a service that includes television programmes by the same means of telecommunications.

4. Any service (such as the services commonly known as video conferencing and video telephony) in which
material is transmitted by means of telecommunications, and an essential feature of the service is that while the
material is being transmitted there will or can be sent from the place of reception of the service, by the same
means of telecommunications, material (other than signals sent for the operation or control of the service) for
reception by the person providing the service or other persons receiving it.

5. Any service provided on the service commonly known as the INTERNET.



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 42

6. A service consisting of television programmes-
(a) which do not primarily target Hong Kong;
(b) uplinked from a place outside Hong Kong;
(c) transmitted from a satellite; and
(d) intended for general reception in that-

(i) the programmes are not encrypted or, where encrypted-
(A) the originator of the programmes has published a notice in a Chinese language newspaper

circulating generally in Hong Kong, and in an English language newspaper circulating
generally in Hong Kong, stating that the programmes are intended for general reception and
that no fee will be charged for the right to view or listen to any such programmes in Hong
Kong; and

(B) the Authority states in writing that it is satisfied that the programmes are intended for
general reception and that no fee will be charged for the right to view or listen to any such
programmes in Hong Kong; and (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(ii) no fee is in fact charged for the right to view or listen to any such programme in Hong Kong.
7. A service consisting of a closed circuit television system comprising a television transmitter unit, with or

without an associated audio system, connected to reception units by wire or other material substance which does
not cross a public street or unleased Government land, where the service is operated solely for internal
information or security information purposes solely for users of the reception units.


Schedule: 4 Domestic Free Television Programme Service

Supplementary Provisions
L.N. 163 of 2013 03/03/2014



[sections 2, 8 & 43 &
Schedules 5, 6, 7 & 8]


Part 1


General


1. Interpretation


In this Schedule-
licence (牌照) means a domestic free television programme service licence;
licensee (持牌人) means the holder of a licence;
service (服務) means a domestic free television programme service the subject of a licence.


2. Application for licence


A licence shall not be granted to or held by a company which is the subsidiary of a corporation.

3. Television programmes supplied by Government


(1) Where a requirement is made on a licensee pursuant to a condition to include in its service, without charge,
a television programme supplied by the Government or the Authority- (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)
(a) the requirement may include the inclusion in its service, of television programmes supplied by the

Government or the Authority, during the 3 hours commencing at 7 p.m., on any day from Monday to
Friday inclusive;

(b) unless the licensee consents otherwise, the number of such hours of television programmes supplied by
the Government or the Authority for inclusion in its service during the hours mentioned in paragraph
(a) shall not be required to exceed, in any one day, 30 minutes in duration, in aggregate or otherwise;

(c) without prejudice to the operation of paragraphs (a) and (b), if the licensee's service is not provided on
demand, the duration of the television programmes supplied by the Government or the Authority shall
not be required to exceed, in aggregate or otherwise, any of the following- (Amended 17 of 2011 s.



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 43

28)
(i) 2 1/2 hours in any period of 24 hours commencing at 6 a.m.;
(ii) 2 1/2 hours in the 15 hours between the hours of 7 p.m. and 10 p.m. in any period from Monday

to Friday inclusive in any one week;
(iii) in the case of a service in the Chinese language, 12 hours in any week; and
(iv) in the case of a service in the English language, 6 hours in any week. (Amended 17 of 2011 s.

28)
(2) Nothing in subsection (1) shall be construed to prejudice the operation of section 19 of this Ordinance.


4. Duration of licence


(1) The Chief Executive in Council may by notice in the Gazette-
(a) specify the period of validity of a licence;
(b) order a licence to be reviewed within such period as is specified in the notice.

(2) A licence shall-
(a) subject to paragraph (b), be valid for such period as is specified in a notice under subsection (1)(a)

applicable to the licence, and shall, unless otherwise provided under this Ordinance, cease to have
effect on the expiration of that period; and

(b) be subject to review-
(i) within that period on such dates as are specified in the licence for the purpose; or
(ii) within such period as is specified in a notice under subsection (1)(b) applicable to the licence.


5. Disqualified persons not to increase control of licensee


(1) Subject to section 6, no disqualified person who exercises control of a licensee shall increase such control-
(a) by increasing the percentage of voting shares of the licensee which he holds as the beneficial owner; or
(b) as the result of any change of office held by him in the licensee.

(2) A disqualified person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a
fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years.


6. Circumstances in which disqualified person may increase control of licensee


On the application of a licensee, the Chief Executive in Council may, if he is satisfied that the public interest so

requires, approve-
(a) an increase in the control exercised by a disqualified person in the licensee; or
(b) the introduction of a disqualified person to exercise control of the licensee.


7. Licensee to include certain statement in prospectus

A licensee shall ensure that a clear statement of the effect of section 8 of this Ordinance, of Schedule 1 and of

sections 5 and 6 is made in any prospectus, within the meaning of the Companies (Winding Up and
Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32), issued at any time in respect of the licensee.

(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)


Part 2


Effect of Non-Renewal or Revocation of Licence

8. Notice of non-renewal or revocation of licence


(1) Where the Chief Executive in Council decides under-
(a) section 11(5) of this Ordinance not to extend or renew a licence, he shall cause notice in writing of the

decision to be served on the licensee at least 12 months before the expiry of the validity of the licence
under section 4(2)(a); or

(b) section 32 of this Ordinance to revoke a licence, he shall cause notice in writing of the decision to be



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 44

served on the licensee as soon as is practicable after the decision to revoke the licence.
(2) Where it is necessary for the purpose of complying with the requirement as to length of notice in subsection

(1)(a), the Chief Executive in Council may extend the term of a licence (but no such extension shall
continue in force any exclusive right to provide the licensed service).


9. Direction to Financial Secretary to purchase land and property belonging, etc. to licensee, etc.


(1) Where a notice is served under section 8(1)(a) or (b) in respect of a licence, or notice of a decision to revoke
a licence is served under section 32(4) of this Ordinance, the Chief Executive in Council may direct The
Financial Secretary Incorporated to purchase any property (including land) belonging to and used or kept by
the licensee-
(a) for the purpose of the licence; and
(b) during the period of validity of the licence.

(2) Where a notice is served under section 32(4) of this Ordinance or section 8, then, not later than 12 months
beginning on the date the notice is served, The Financial Secretary Incorporated shall do the following-
(a) where the property is land, purchase the entirety of the land or acquire a lease or a licence over the land

for a period not exceeding 2 years;
(b) in the case of any other property, purchase the entirety of the property or acquire a licence to use the

property for a period not exceeding 2 years.
(3) The consideration for the purchase of property under subsection (2) shall be an amount equal to the open

market value of the property at the date of the decision not to extend or renew, or to revoke, as the case may
be, the licence concerned as between a willing buyer and a willing seller but without regard to-
(a) loss of profit;
(b) goodwill;
(c) the right of pre-emption;
(d) the cost of related capital; and
(e) all the property being placed on the market at the same time.

(4) In default of an agreement between The Financial Secretary Incorporated and a licensee as regards the
consideration mentioned in subsection (3), the consideration shall be determined by arbitration under the
Arbitration Ordinance (Cap 609) and, for that purpose, The Financial Secretary Incorporated and the
licensee shall be regarded as having made an arbitration agreement within the meaning of that Ordinance
whose provisions shall be deemed to include a provision that that consideration shall, in the absence of
agreement, be determined by a single arbitrator. (Amended 17 of 2010 s. 112)

(5) Where any land is purchased under this section, the licensee concerned shall execute an assignment in
favour of The Financial Secretary Incorporated and The Financial Secretary Incorporated shall register the
assignment in the Land Registry within 30 days of the execution of the assignment.

(6) Any property, other than land, purchased under this section shall vest in The Financial Secretary
Incorporated-
(a) in the case of a decision not to extend or renew the licence concerned, upon the expiry of the licence

after notice is served under section 8;
(b) in the case of a decision to revoke the licence concerned under section 32 of this Ordinance, when the

revocation takes effect or when an offer for the purchase is made by The Financial Secretary
Incorporated, whichever is the later,

and upon such vesting all the rights of the licensee in that property shall cease and determine.
(7) Nothing in this section shall be construed as conferring on a licensee any right to require The Financial

Secretary Incorporated to purchase any property owned by the licensee.
(8) Where land is purchased under this section, The Financial Secretary Incorporated shall, within 30 days

beginning on the date the land is purchased, register in the Land Registry by memorial a declaration that the
land has been so purchased.

(9) For the purposes of this section, licensee (持牌人) includes any subsidiary of the licensee.


Part 3


Television Programmes




Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 45

10. Minimum duration of television programme service

The duration of each language television programme service provided under a deemed licence, within the

meaning of Schedule 8 to this Ordinance, falling within section 2(1) of that Schedule shall be not less than 5
hours for each day.


11. Advertising


(1) Subject to subsection (2), the aggregate advertising time of a television programme service shall not exceed

10 minutes per clock hour between the period from 5 p.m. to 11 p.m. each day and at other times the
aggregate advertising time shall not exceed 18% of the total time the service is provided in that period.

(2) Where the Authority is satisfied that compliance with subsection (1) would adversely affect, or would have
adversely affected, the standards of presentation of a television programme, or of television programmes
belonging to a class of television programmes, of a television programme service, it may, by notice in
writing served on the licensee concerned, exempt that television programme, or those television
programmes, as the case may be, from compliance with that subsection in the manner specified in the
notice. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)


12. Certain advertisements prohibited

A licensee shall not include in its service any advertisement of a religious or political nature or concerned with

any industrial dispute.


Part 4


Fees and Charges

13. Annual payment of fees


(1) Subject to section 5 of Schedule 8 to this Ordinance, a licensee shall pay annually to the Authority a
prescribed licence fee and such other fees as may be prescribed. (Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

(2) In a licence issued or renewed under this Ordinance before the commencement date of the Communications
Authority Ordinance (Cap 616), any condition providing for the payment of the licence fee to the
Government is to be construed as a condition providing for the payment of the licence fee to the Authority.
(Added 17 of 2011 s. 28)


14. Procedural provisions for recovery of licence fees, etc.


(1) A licence fee or other fee or charge certified in writing by the Authority to be owing to the Authority shall
be recoverable as a civil debt.

(2) A certificate in writing purporting to be made under subsection (1) shall be prima facie evidence of the debt
specified in the certificate.

(3) A licence fee, and other fees and charges, owing by a licensee to the Authority shall constitute a first charge
on the property belonging to the licensee.

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

Schedule: 5 Domestic Pay Television Programme Service

Supplementary Provisions
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



[sections 2, 8 & 43]

1. Application of Schedule 4


The provisions of Schedule 4, except sections 2, 3, 10 and 11 of that Schedule, shall apply to and in relation to a

domestic pay television programme service licensee and its licensed service as they apply to and in relation to a



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 46

domestic free television programme service licensee and its licensed service.

Schedule: 6 Non-Domestic Television Programme Service

Supplementary Provisions
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



[sections 2, 8 & 43]

1. Application of Schedule 4


The provisions of section 12, and of Part 4, of Schedule 4 shall apply to and in relation to a non-domestic

television programme service and its licensed service as it applies to and in relation to a domestic free television
programme service licensee and its licensed service.


Schedule: 7 Other Licensable Television Programme Service

Supplementary Provisions
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



[sections 2, 8 & 43]

1. Restriction on exercising control of other licensees


An other licensable television programme service licensee, the persons exercising control of the licensee, and the

associates of the licensee and those persons exercising control of the licensee, shall not hold such number of
other licensable television programme service licences, or exercise control of other licensable television
programme service licensees, the combined services of which are intended or available for reception by an
audience of more than 200000 specified premises.


2. Application of Schedule 4

The provisions of sections 12, 13 and 14 of Schedule 4 shall apply to and in relation to an other licensable

television programme service licensee and its licensed service as they apply to and in relation to a domestic free
television programme service licensee and its licensed service.


Schedule: 8 Transitional and Saving Provisions E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


[sections 43 & 44 & Schedule 4]

1. Interpretation


In this Schedule, unless the context otherwise requires-
commercial television broadcasting licence (商營電視廣播牌照 ) means a commercial television

broadcasting licence within the meaning of section 2(1) of the repealed Ordinance and which was in force
immediately before the relevant day or which was to come into force on or after that day;

deemed licence (當作批給的牌照) means a licence deemed under section 2(1), (2), (3), (4) or (5) to be-
(a) a licence granted under this Ordinance and a licence granted under the Telecommunications Ordinance

(Cap 106); or
(b) a licence granted under this Ordinance;

hotel television service licence (酒店電視服務牌照) means a hotel television service licence granted under
the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106) and which was in force immediately before the relevant day
or which was to come into force on or after that day;

programme service licence (節目服務牌照) means a programme service licence within the meaning of section
2(1) of the repealed Ordinance and which was in force immediately before the relevant day or which was to
come into force on or after that day;

relevant day (有關日期) means the day on which section 44(1) of this Ordinance commences;



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 47

repealed Ordinance (已廢除條例) means the Television Ordinance (Cap 52) repealed under section 44(1) of
this Ordinance;

subscription television broadcasting licence (收費電視廣播牌照 ) means a subscription television
broadcasting licence within the meaning of section 2(1) of the repealed Ordinance and which was in force
immediately before the relevant day or which was to come into force on or after that day;

telecommunications licence (電訊牌照) means a licence entitled "Satellite Television Uplink and Downlink
Licence" granted under section 7 of the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106) and which was in force
immediately before the relevant day or which was to come into force on or after that day.


2. Licences under repealed Ordinance deemed to be licences under Ordinance, etc.


(1) A commercial television broadcasting licence shall be deemed to be-
(a) a domestic free television programme service licence granted under this Ordinance; and
(b) a licence granted under the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106),
for-
(i) if the licence was in force immediately before the relevant day, the unexpired portion of the period of

validity the licence had left to run immediately before the relevant day;
(ii) if the licence was to come into force on or after the relevant day, the period of validity of the licence

commencing on the day the licence was to come into force,
and the provisions of this Ordinance and the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106), as the case may

require, shall apply accordingly.
(2) A subscription television broadcasting licence shall be deemed to be-

(a) a domestic pay television programme service licence granted under this Ordinance; and
(b) a licence granted under the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106),
for-
(i) if the licence was in force immediately before the relevant day, the unexpired portion of the period of

validity the licence had left to run immediately before the relevant day;
(ii) if the licence was to come into force on or after the relevant day, the period of validity of the licence

commencing on the day the licence was to come into force,
and the provisions of this Ordinance and the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106), as the case may

require, shall apply accordingly.
(3) A programme service licence shall be deemed to be a domestic pay television programme service licence

granted under this Ordinance for-
(a) if the licence was in force immediately before the relevant day, the unexpired portion of the period of

validity the licence had left to run immediately before the relevant day;
(b) if the licence was to come into force on or after the relevant day, the period of validity of the licence

commencing on the day the licence was to come into force,
and the provisions of this Ordinance shall apply accordingly.

(4) A telecommunications licence shall be deemed to be a non-domestic television programme service licence
granted under this Ordinance for-
(a) if the licence was in force immediately before the relevant day, the unexpired portion of the period of

validity the licence had left to run immediately before the relevant day;
(b) if the licence was to come into force on or after the relevant day, the period of validity of the licence

commencing on the day the licence was to come into force,
and the provisions of this Ordinance shall apply accordingly.

(5) A hotel television service licence-
(a) shall be deemed to be an other licensable television programme service licence granted under this

Ordinance for-
(i) if the licence was in force immediately before the relevant day, the unexpired portion of the

period of validity the licence had left to run immediately before the relevant day;
(ii) if the licence was to come into force on or after the relevant day, the period of validity of the

licence commencing on the day the licence was to come into force,
and the provisions of this Ordinance shall apply accordingly;

(b) which is renewed under the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106) before the expiration of 12



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 48

months immediately following the relevant day shall continue to be deemed to be an other licensable
television programme service licence granted under this Ordinance for the period of validity of the
licence as so renewed, and the provision of this Ordinance shall apply accordingly.


3. Provisions of deemed licences deemed to be conditions specified in licences

The provisions of a deemed licence shall be deemed to be conditions specified in the licence, and, accordingly,

the licensee shall comply with the deemed conditions except that, where there is any conflict between the
deemed conditions and the provisions of this Ordinance or the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106), then
the provisions of this Ordinance or the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106), as the case may require, shall
prevail over the deemed conditions.


4. Disapplication of certain provisions of Ordinance


(1) Section 5 of this Ordinance shall not apply to a broadcasting service consisting of a television programme
service lawfully provided by a person pursuant to an agreement-
(a) lawfully entered into before the specified day; and
(b) to lawfully use facilities in Hong Kong-

(i) which are not owned (including beneficially owned) by that person; and
(ii) to uplink the service to a satellite.

(2) Section 13 of this Ordinance shall not apply to an agreement lawfully entered into before the specified day
if, and only if, the agreement-
(a) continues to be lawful apart from that section; and
(b) is not amended in any way whatsoever apart from any amendment made to mitigate the conduct in

contravention of section 13(1) of this Ordinance provided or permitted, whether directly or indirectly,
under the agreement.

(3) Subsections (1) and (2) shall expire on the 2nd anniversary of the specified day.
(4) Section 21 of this Ordinance shall not apply to a person-

(a) who was, on the specified day, lawfully exercising control of a corporation holding a licence falling
within section 2(1), (2) or (3); and

(b) for so long as the person does not, on or after the specified day, increase the interest the person has in
that corporation in the person's capacity as a person who exercises control over the corporation.

(5) Where-
(a) immediately before the commencement of this subsection, a person was not a disqualified person-

(i) in relation to a licensee; and
(ii) by virtue of falling within paragraph (ii) of the proviso to the definition of disqualified person in

section 2(1) of the repealed Ordinance ("the proviso"); and
(b) the licence, within the meaning of section 2(1) of the repealed Ordinance, of which the licensee

referred to in paragraph (a)(i) was the holder immediately before the commencement of this subsection
is a deemed licence,

then the person is not a disqualified person for the purposes of sections 3 and 7 of Schedule 1-
(i) in relation to the deemed licence and the licensee;
(ii) to the extent only that the person was not a disqualified person by virtue of falling within paragraph (ii)

of the proviso; and
(iii) until such time, if any, as the person ceases to fall within paragraph (ii) of the proviso.

(6) For the purposes of subsection (5)(iii), the proviso referred to in that subsection shall be deemed never to
have been repealed.

(7) In this section, specified day (指明日期) means 28 January 2000.

5. Payment of annual fees


(1) In the case of a deemed licence falling within section 2(1), (2) or (3)-
(a) the Financial Secretary may, by notice in writing served on the licensee, specify the fee to be paid to

the Government by the licensee-
(i) for the year commencing on the relevant day; and



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 49

(ii) not later than 30 days after the relevant day; and
(b) section 13 of Schedule 4 to this Ordinance shall not apply to the licensee until the expiration of that

year.
(2) In the case of a deemed licence falling within section 2(4)-

(a) the licensee shall continue to comply with the provisions of the licence relating to a licence fee until-
(i) the expiration of the licence; or
(ii) the surrender of the licence for another licence,
whichever is the earlier; and

(b) section 13 of Schedule 4 to this Ordinance shall not apply to the licensee until the occurrence of the
event mentioned in paragraph (a)(i) or (ii).

(3) In the case of a deemed licence falling within section 2(5)-
(a) the licensee shall continue to comply with the provisions of the licence relating to a licence fee until-

(i) the expiration of the licence; or
(ii) the surrender of the licence for another licence,
whichever is the earlier; and

(b) section 13 of Schedule 4 to this Ordinance shall not apply to the licensee until-
(i) the occurrence of the event mentioned in paragraph (a)(i) or (ii); and
(ii) the licence held by the licensee does not specify a licence fee to be paid by the licensee to the

Government.
(4) A notice under subsection (1)(a) served on a licensee shall be deemed to be a condition specified in the

deemed licence held by the licensee requiring the licensee to pay to the Government the fee specified in the
notice.

(5) Where-
(a) a licensee has before the relevant day paid an annual fee for a deemed licence falling within section

2(1), (2) or (3);
(b) the period for which that fee has been paid would, but for the commencement of section 44(1) of this

Ordinance, expire on or after the relevant day; and
(c) the licensee has paid the fee required by subsection (1)(a),

then the Financial Secretary shall remit to the licensee so much of the annual fee referred to in paragraph (c)
as is equivalent to so much of the fee referred to in paragraph (a) which, on a pro rata basis, relates to so
much of the period referred to in paragraph (b) which would, but for the commencement of section 44(1) of
this Ordinance, run on and after the relevant day.


6. Suspended licences

Where any licence falling within section 2(1), (2) or (3) was, immediately before the relevant day, suspended

under the repealed Ordinance, then that licence shall, in the like manner, be deemed to be suspended under this
Ordinance for the unexpired portion of the period of suspension left to run on that day, and the provisions of this
Ordinance shall apply accordingly.


7. Actions, etc. under repealed Ordinance deemed to be done under Ordinance

Where an act, matter or thing has been done under the repealed Ordinance to or in relation to a licensee within

the meaning of section 2(1) of that Ordinance, then to the extent that but for the enactment of this Ordinance that
act, matter or thing would on or after the relevant day have had any force or effect or been in operation, that act,
matter or thing shall, in the like manner, be deemed to have been done under this Ordinance to or in relation to
the licensee as if, on the relevant day, that act, matter or thing were, to that extent, done under this Ordinance to
or in relation to the licensee, and the provisions of this Ordinance shall apply accordingly.


8. Section 23 of Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance


(1) Subject to sections 2 to 7 inclusive, section 23 of the Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance (Cap 1)
shall apply to the repeal effected by section 44(1) of this Ordinance.

(2) It is hereby declared that a royalty within the meaning of the repealed Ordinance payable by a licensee (or
former licensee) within the meaning of that Ordinance is payable on a pro rata basis in respect of that



Cap 562 - Broadcasting Ordinance 50

portion of the licensee's (or former licensee's) accounting year which has effluxed before the relevant day,
and subsection (1) shall apply accordingly.


9. Deemed licence may be surrendered

Nothing in this Schedule shall operate to prevent a licensee which is the holder of a deemed licence from

surrendering the deemed licence to the Chief Executive in Council or the Authority, as the case may require, in
return for a licence granted under this Ordinance which, in the opinion of the Chief Executive in Council or the
Authority, as the case may require, is equivalent to the deemed licence.

(Amended 17 of 2011 s. 28)

10. Certain Codes of Practice applicable for interim period for licensees that are holders of deemed licence


Where-
(a) a Code of Practice (old Code) within the meaning of section 2 of the repealed Ordinance was in force

immediately before the relevant day; and
(b) a licensee who is the holder of a deemed licence was required to comply with the old Code

immediately before the relevant day,
then-

(i) the old Code shall, in relation to the licensee, be deemed to be a Code of Practice within the meaning
of section 2 of this Ordinance until the date on which a Code of Practice approved under section 3 of
this Ordinance, and expressed to be in substitution for the old Code, comes into effect; and

(ii) subject to paragraph (iii), the licensee shall comply with the old Code until that date; and
(iii) the old Code shall be read and have effect with such modifications as are necessary to take into

account the provisions of this Ordinance,
and the provisions of this Ordinance (including sections 23(2)(d), 24, 28(2)(d), 30(2)(d), 31(2)(b)(i)(D) and

32(4)(c)(i)(D) of this Ordinance) shall be construed accordingly.

Schedule: 9 Consequential Amendments E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


Telecommunications Ordinance


1-4. (Omitted as spent)

5. Authority may determine terms of interconnection


Section 36A(3)(a) and (aa) is repealed and the following substituted-
"(a) and between telecommunications systems or services licensed under section 7 or expressed as being

licensed in exercise of the powers conferred by sections 7 and 34 or expressed as being licensed in exercise
of the powers conferred by sections 7 and 34 or deemed to be licensed under this Ordinance by virtue of
Schedule 8 to the Broadcasting Ordinance (Cap 562); and

(aa) and between services the subject of a licence the subject of section 2(3) of Schedule 8 to the Broadcasting
Ordinance (Cap 562); and".


6-23. (Omitted as spent)

Related Laws