Disability Discrimination Ordinance


Published: 2013-04-25

Subscribe to a Global-Regulation Premium Membership Today!

Key Benefits:

Subscribe Now for only USD$20 per month, or Get a Day Pass for only USD$4.99.
Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 1

Chapter: 487 Disability Discrimination Ordinance Gazette Number Version Date

Long title E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


An Ordinance to render unlawful discrimination against persons on the ground of their or their associates' disability in
respect of their employment, accommodation, education, access to partnerships, membership of trade unions and
clubs, access to premises, educational establishments, sporting activities and the provision of goods, services and
facilities; to make provision against harassment and vilification of persons with a disability and their associates;
to extend the jurisdiction of the Equal Opportunities Commission to include discrimination against persons on
the ground of their or their associates' disability, and for connected purposes.

(Enacted 1995)

[Sections 62, 64 and 65 } 20 May 1996 L.N. 184 of 1996
The other provisions, other than Part III, sections
33(1), (2) and (4), 39(4), 48(1) and (3), 48(2) (in
so far as that subsection relates to an agent who is
also an employee of his principal), 49(2) (in so far
as that subsection relates to an employee or
employer) and 84, Schedule 3 and any other
provision of the Ordinance in so far as that
provision makes reference to-
(a) Part III or any section or provision
contained within that Part; and
(b) any section or Schedule mentioned above

}
}
}
}
}
}
}







20 September 1996 L.N. 395 of 1996




The remaining provisions } 20 December 1996 L.N. 558 of 1996]


(Enacting provision omitted—E.R. 1 of 2013)

(Originally 86 of 1995)

Part: 1 Preliminary E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(*Format changes—E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)

_______________________________________________________________________________
Note:
*The format of Part 1 has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Section: 1 Short title E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) This Ordinance may be cited as the Disability Discrimination Ordinance.
(2) (Omitted as spent—E.R. 1 of 2013)

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 2 Interpretation E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) In this Ordinance, unless the context otherwise requires-
access (獲得享用) means access as construed in accordance with section 56;



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 2

act (作為) includes a deliberate omission;
advertisement (廣告) includes every form of advertisement, whether to the public or not, and whether-

(a) in a newspaper or other publication;
(b) by television or radio;
(c) by display of notices, signs, labels, showcards or goods;
(d) by distribution of samples, circulars, catalogues, price lists or other material;
(e) by exhibition of pictures, models or films; or
(f) in any other way,
and references to the publishing of advertisements shall be construed accordingly;

associate (有聯繫人士), in relation to a person, includes-
(a) a spouse of the person;
(b) another person who is living with the person on a genuine domestic basis;
(c) a relative of the person;
(d) a carer of the person; and
(e) another person who is in a business, sporting or recreational relationship with the person;

carer (照料者) includes-
(a) the Director of Social Welfare;
(b) any officer of the Social Welfare Department authorized in writing by the Director of Social Welfare;
(c) any person specified in Schedule 1;

club (會社) means an association, incorporate or unincorporate, of not less than 30 persons associated together for
social, literary, cultural, political, sporting, athletic or other lawful purposes and which provides and maintains
its facilities, in whole or in part, from the funds of the association; (Amended 29 of 2008 s. 97)

Commission (平等機會委員會) has the same meaning as in the relevant Ordinance;
commission agent (佣金經紀人) means commission agent as construed in accordance with section 20;
committee (小組委員會) has the same meaning as in the relevant Ordinance;
committee of management (管理委員會), in relation to a club, means the group or body of persons (however

described) that manages the affairs of that club;
conciliator (調停人) has the same meaning as in the relevant Ordinance; (Amended 15 of 2012 s. 11)
contract worker (合約工作者) means contract worker as construed in accordance with section 13;
disability (殘疾), in relation to a person, means-

(a) total or partial loss of the person's bodily or mental functions;
(b) total or partial loss of a part of the person's body;
(c) the presence in the body of organisms causing disease or illness;
(d) the presence in the body of organisms capable of causing disease or illness;
(e) the malfunction, malformation or disfigurement of a part of the person's body;
(f) a disorder or malfunction that results in the person learning differently from a person without the disorder or

malfunction; or
(g) a disorder, illness or disease that affects a person's thought processes, perception of reality, emotions or

judgment or that results in disturbed behaviour,
and includes a disability that-

(i) presently exists;
(ii) previously existed but no longer exists;
(iii) may exist in the future; or
(iv) is imputed to a person;

discrimination (歧視) means any discrimination falling within sections 6, 7, 9 or 10, and related expressions shall be
construed accordingly;

discriminator (歧視者) includes a prospective discriminator;
dispose (處置), in relation to premises, includes granting a right to occupy the premises, and any reference to

acquiring premises shall be construed accordingly;
dynamically supported craft (動力承托的航行器) has the same meaning as in the Shipping and Port Control

Ordinance (Cap 313); (Amended L.N. 315 of 1998)



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 3

education (教育) includes any form of training or instruction;
educational establishment (教育機構) has the same meaning as in the relevant Ordinance;
employment (僱用) means employment under-

(a) a contract of service or of apprenticeship; or
(b) a contract personally to execute any work or labour,

and related expressions shall be construed accordingly;
employment agency (職業介紹所) means a person who, for profit or not, provides services for the purpose of

finding employment for workers or supplying employers with workers;
enforcement notice (執行通知) means a notice under section 73(2);
estate agent (地產代理) has the same meaning as in the Estate Agents Ordinance (Cap 511); (Replaced 29 of 2008 s.

97)
firm (商號) means a firm within the meaning of the Partnership Ordinance (Cap 38);
formal investigation (正式調查) means an investigation under section 66;
general notice (一般通告), in relation to any person, means a notice published by him at a time and in a manner

appearing to him suitable for securing that the notice is seen within a reasonable time by persons likely to be
affected by it;

genuine occupational qualification (真正的職業資格) means genuine occupational qualification as construed in
accordance with section 12(3);

harass (騷擾) shall be construed in accordance with subsection (6);
near relative (近親), in relation to a person, means-

(a) the person's spouse;
(b) a parent of the person or of the spouse;
(c) a child of the person or the spouse of such a child;
(d) a brother or sister (whether of full blood or half blood) of the person or of the spouse or the spouse of such a

brother or sister;
(e) a grandparent of the person or of the spouse; or
(f) a grandchild of the person or the spouse of such a grandchild,

and, in determining the above relationships, children born out of wedlock are to be included, an adopted child is
to be regarded as a child of both the natural parents and the adoptive parent or parents and a step child as the
child of both the natural parents and any step parent; (Added 29 of 2008 s. 97)

notice (通知、通告) means a notice in writing;
palliative or therapeutic device or auxiliary aid (具減輕患情或治療作用的裝置) includes a device or aid

specified in Schedule 2;
prescribed (訂明) means prescribed in rules made under section 85;
profession (專業) includes any vocation or occupation;
registered (註冊) includes licensed;
relevant Ordinance (《性別歧視條例》) means the Sex Discrimination Ordinance (Cap 480);
responsible body (負責組織) has the same meaning as in the relevant Ordinance;
trade (行業) includes any business;
training (訓練) includes any form of education or instruction;
unjustifiable hardship (不合情理的困難) means unjustifiable hardship as construed in accordance with section 4.
(2) References in this Ordinance to the dismissal of a person from employment or to the expulsion of a person from

a position as partner include references-
(a) to the termination of that person's employment or partnership by the expiration of any period (including a

period expiring by reference to an event or circumstance), not being a termination immediately after which
the employment or partnership is renewed on the same terms;

(b) to the termination of that person's employment or partnership by any act of his (including the giving of
notice) in circumstances such that he is entitled to terminate it without notice by reason of the conduct of
the employer, or the other partners, as the case may be.

(3) References in this Ordinance to the provision of facilities shall be construed to include references to making



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 4

those facilities available or making arrangements for the provision of those facilities or to the provision of those
facilities in buildings or premises.

(4) For the purposes of this Ordinance, an enforcement notice or a finding by the District Court becomes final when
an appeal against the notice or finding is dismissed, withdrawn or abandoned or when the time for appealing
expires without an appeal having been brought; and for this purpose an appeal against an enforcement notice
shall be taken to be dismissed if, notwithstanding that a requirement of the notice is quashed on appeal, a
direction is given in respect of it under section 74(3).

(5) (Repealed 29 of 2008 s. 97)
(6) For the purposes of this Ordinance, a person (howsoever described) harasses another person if that first-

mentioned person engages in unwelcome conduct (which may include an oral or written statement) on account
of that second-mentioned person's disability, or on account of the disability of an associate of that second-
mentioned person, in circumstances in which a reasonable person, having regard to all the circumstances, would
have anticipated that the second-mentioned person would be offended, humiliated or intimidated by that
conduct.

(7) For the purposes of section 6(c), references in this Ordinance to-
(a) a person with a disability (or words to the like effect) shall be construed to mean a person (and whether or

not he has a disability) with an associate with a disability;
(b) a person without a disability (or words to the like effect) shall be construed to mean a person without an

associate with a disability.
(8) For the purposes of any of the provisions of sections 22, 23, 37, 38, 39, 46 and 47, references to a person with a

disability (or words to the like effect) shall be construed to include a person (and whether or not he has a
disability) with an associate with a disability.

(9) Subject to subsection (10), in this Ordinance existing statutory provision (現有法例條文) means any provision
of-
(a) any Ordinance enacted before this Ordinance was enacted;
(b) any subsidiary legislation made-

(i) under an Ordinance enacted before this Ordinance was enacted; and
(ii) before, on or after this Ordinance was enacted.

(10) Where an Ordinance enacted after this Ordinance was enacted re-enacts (with or without modifications) a
provision of an Ordinance enacted before this Ordinance was enacted, then that provision as re-enacted shall be
treated for the purposes of subsection (9) as if it continued to be contained in an Ordinance enacted before this
Ordinance was enacted.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 3 Act done because of disability and for other reason E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


If-
(a) an act is done for 2 or more reasons; and
(b) one of the reasons is the disability of a person (whether or not it is the dominant or a substantial reason for

doing the act),
then, for the purposes of this Ordinance, the act is taken to be done for the reason specified in paragraph (b).

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 4 Unjustifiable hardship E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


For the purposes of this Ordinance, in determining what constitutes unjustifiable hardship, all relevant circumstances
of the particular case are to be taken into account including-

(a) the reasonableness of any accommodation to be made available to a person with a disability;
(b) the nature of the benefit or detriment likely to accrue or be suffered by any persons concerned;
(c) the effect of the disability of a person concerned; and
(d) the financial circumstances of and the estimated amount of expenditure (including recurrent expenditure)

required to be made by the person claiming unjustifiable hardship.
(Enacted 1995)





Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 5

Section: 5 Application E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


This Ordinance binds the Government.
(Enacted 1995)


Part: 2 Discrimination to which Ordinance Applies E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(*Format changes—E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)

_______________________________________________________________________________
Note:
*The format of Part 2 has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Section: 6 Discrimination against persons with disability, etc. E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


A person discriminates against another person in any circumstances relevant for the purposes of any provision of this
Ordinance if-

(a) on the ground of that other person's disability he treats him less favourably than he treats or would treat a
person without a disability;

(b) he applies to that other person a requirement or condition which he applies or would apply equally to a
person without a disability but-
(i) which is such that the proportion of persons with a disability who can comply with it is considerably

smaller than the proportion of persons without a disability who can comply with it;
(ii) which he cannot show to be justifiable irrespective of the disability or absence of the disability of the

person to whom it is applied; and
(iii) which is to that person's detriment because he cannot comply with it; or

(c) on the ground of the disability of an associate of that other person he treats him less favourably than he
treats or would treat a person without such a disability.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 7 Discrimination by way of victimisation E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) A discriminator discriminates against another person (the person victimised) in any circumstances relevant for
the purposes of any provision of this Ordinance if he treats the person victimised less favourably than in those
circumstances he treats or would treat other persons, and does so by reason that the person victimised or any
other person (the third person) has-
(a) brought proceedings against the discriminator or any other person under this Ordinance;
(b) given evidence or information in connection with proceedings brought by any person against the

discriminator or any other person under this Ordinance;
(c) otherwise done anything under or by reference to this Ordinance in relation to the discriminator or any other

person; or
(d) alleged that the discriminator or any other person has committed an act which (whether or not the allegation

so states) would amount to a contravention of this Ordinance,
or by reason that the discriminator knows the person victimised or the third person, as the case may be, intends

to do any of those things, or suspects the person victimised or the third person, as the case may be, has done, or
intends to do, any of them.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to treatment of a person by reason of any allegation made by him if the allegation
was false and not made in good faith.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 8 Comparison of cases under section 6 E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


A comparison of the cases of persons with or without a disability under section 6 shall be such that the relevant
circumstances in the one case are the same, or not materially different, in the other.



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 6

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 9 Discrimination (palliative or therapeutic devices and

auxiliary aids)
E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013



For the purposes of this Ordinance, a discriminator discriminates against another person on the ground of that other
person's disability if the discriminator treats that other person less favourably because of-

(a) the fact that other person is accompanied by, or possesses a palliative or therapeutic device or auxiliary aid
that is used by that other person; or

(b) any matter related to that fact, whether or not it is the discriminator's practice to treat less favourably any
person who is accompanied by, or is in possession, and is the user, of such a palliative or therapeutic device
or auxiliary aid.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 10 Discrimination (interpreters, readers and assistants) E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


For the purposes of this Ordinance, a discriminator discriminates against another person on the ground of that other
person's disability if the discriminator treats that other person less favourably because of-

(a) the fact that other person is accompanied by-
(i) an interpreter;
(ii) a reader;
(iii) an assistant; or
(iv) a carer,

who provides interpretive, reading or other services to that other person because of the disability; or
(b) any matter related to that fact, whether or not it is the discriminator's practice to treat less favourably any

person who is accompanied by such-
(i) an interpreter;
(ii) a reader;
(iii) an assistant; or
(iv) a carer.

(Enacted 1995)

Part: 3 Discrimination and Harassment in Employment Field E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(*Format changes—E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)

_______________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* The format of Part 3 has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Section: 11 Discrimination against applicants and employees E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Discrimination by employers

(1) It is unlawful for a person (the employer), in relation to employment by him at an establishment in Hong Kong,

to discriminate against another person with a disability-
(a) in the arrangements the employer makes for the purpose of determining who should be offered that

employment;
(b) in the terms on which the employer offers that other person that employment; or
(c) by refusing or deliberately omitting to offer that other person that employment.

(2) It is unlawful for the employer, in the case of a person with a disability employed by him at an establishment in
Hong Kong, to discriminate against that person-
(a) in the way he affords that person access to opportunities for promotion, transfer or training, or to any other

benefits, services or facilities, or by refusing or deliberately omitting to afford that person access to them; or
(b) in the terms of employment he affords that person; or



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 7

(c) by dismissing that person, or subjecting him to any other detriment.
(3) Except in relation to discrimination falling within section 7, subsections (1) and (2) shall not apply to

employment where the number of persons employed by the employer, added to the number employed by any
associated employers of his, does not exceed 5 (disregarding any persons employed for the purposes of a private
home).

(4) Subsection (2) shall not apply to benefits, services or facilities of any description if the employer is concerned
with the provision (for payment or not) of benefits, services or facilities of that description to the public, or to a
section of the public comprising the person with a disability concerned, unless-
(a) that provision differs in a material respect from the provision of the benefits, services or facilities by the

employer to his employees without a disability; or
(b) the benefits, services or facilities relate to training.

(5) Subsection (3) shall expire on the 3rd anniversary of the day on which this Ordinance is enacted.
(6) For the purposes of subsection (3), 2 employers are to be treated as associated if one is a company of which the

other (directly or indirectly) has control or if both are companies of which a third person (directly or indirectly)
has control.

(7) The Chief Executive in Council may, by notice in the Gazette- (Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)
(a) amend subsection (3) by substituting another number for the last number appearing in that subsection;
(b) amend subsection (5) by substituting another anniversary for the anniversary appearing in that subsection.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 12 Exception where absence of disability is genuine

occupational qualification
E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013



(1) In relation to discrimination-
(a) section 11(1)(a) or (c) shall not apply to any employment where being a person without a disability is a

genuine occupational qualification for the job;
(b) section 11(2)(a) shall not apply to opportunities for promotion or transfer to, or training for, such

employment.
(2) Section 11(1)(a) and (c) and (2)(c) shall not apply to an employer who discriminates against a person with a

disability, if taking into account -
(a) the person's past training, qualifications and experience relevant to the particular employment;
(b) where the person is already employed by the employer, the person's performance as an employee; and
(c) all other relevant factors that it is reasonable to so take into the account,

the person because of the person's disability-
(i) would be unable to carry out the inherent requirements of the particular employment; or
(ii) would, in order to carry out those requirements, require services or facilities that are not required by persons

without a disability and the provision of which would impose an unjustifiable hardship on the employer.
(3) Being a person without a disability is a genuine occupational qualification for a job only where-

(a) the essential nature of the job calls for a person without a disability for reasons of physiology or, in
dramatic performances or other entertainment, for reasons of authenticity, so that the essential nature of the
job would be materially different if carried out by a person with a disability;

(b) the nature or location of the establishment makes it impracticable for the holder of the job to live elsewhere
than in premises provided by the employer, and the only such premises which are available for persons
holding that kind of job are lived in, or normally lived in, by persons without a disability and, subject to
subsection (5), are not equipped with accommodation and facilities for persons with a disability where the
alteration of those premises to be so equipped would impose an unjustifiable hardship on the employer; or

(c) the job needs to be held by a person without a disability because of restrictions imposed by a provision
specified in Schedule 3.

(4) Subsection (3) applies where some only of the duties of the job fall within any paragraph of that subsection as
well as where all of them do.

(5) Paragraph (b) of subsection (3) shall not apply in relation to the filling of a vacancy where the applicant for that
vacancy, being a person with a disability, proposes to the employer that, on appointment to the vacancy, he will
make reasonable alterations to that part of the premises to be occupied by him as accommodation if-
(a) the applicant undertakes to restore the premises to their condition before alteration on leaving the premises;
(b) in all the circumstances it is likely that the applicant will perform the undertaking;



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 8

(c) in all the circumstances, the action required to restore the premises to their condition before alteration is
reasonably practicable;

(d) the alteration is at that applicant's expense; and
(e) the alteration does not involve alteration of other premises occupied by any other person.

(6) Paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of subsection (3) shall not apply in relation to the filling of a vacancy at a time when the
employer already has employees without a disability-
(a) who are capable of carrying out the duties falling within that paragraph;
(b) whom it would be reasonable to employ on those duties; and
(c) whose numbers are sufficient to meet the employer's likely requirements in respect of those duties without

undue inconvenience.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 13 Discrimination against contract workers E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) This section applies to any work for a person (the principal) which is available for doing by individuals
(contract workers) who are employed not by the principal himself but by a contractor or sub-contractor of the
principal. (Amended 29 of 2008 s. 98)

(2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), it is unlawful for the principal, in relation to work to which this section
applies, to discriminate against a contract worker with a disability-
(a) in the terms on which he allows the contract worker to do that work;
(b) by not allowing the contract worker to do it or continue to do it;
(c) in the way he affords the contract worker access to any benefits, services or facilities or by refusing or

deliberately omitting to afford the contract worker access to them; or
(d) by subjecting the contract worker to any other detriment.

(3) Subsection (2)(b) shall not apply to a principal who does any act in relation to a contract worker with a disability
at a time when if the work were to be done by a person taken into his employment being a contract worker
without a disability would be a genuine occupational qualification for the job.

(4) Subsection (2)(b) shall not apply to a principal who discriminates against a contract worker with a disability, if
taking into account-
(a) the contract worker's past training, qualifications and experience relevant to working as a contract worker;
(b) where the person is already working for the principal as a contract worker, the contract worker's

performance as a contract worker; and
(c) all other relevant factors that it is reasonable to so take into the account,

the contract worker because of the contract worker's disability-
(i) would be unable to carry out the inherent requirements of a contract worker; or
(ii) would, in order to carry out those requirements, require services or facilities that are not required by persons

without a disability and the provision of which would impose an unjustifiable hardship on the principal.
(5) Subsection (2)(c) shall not apply to benefits, services or facilities of any description if the principal is concerned

with the provision (for payment or not) of benefits, services or facilities of that description to the public, or to a
section of the public to which the contract worker with a disability belongs, unless that provision differs in a
material respect from the provision of the benefits, services or facilities by the principal to his contract workers
without a disability.

(6) In this section-
contractor (承判商) means a person who undertakes any work for the principal under a contract that is entered into

by the person directly with the principal;
sub-contractor (次承判商) means a person who enters into a contract with another person (whether or not a

contractor of the principal) to undertake all or any part of the work that a contractor of the principal has
undertaken. (Added 29 of 2008 s. 98)

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 14 Meaning of employment at establishment in Hong Kong E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) For the purposes of this Ordinance (the relevant purposes), employment is to be regarded as being at an
establishment in Hong Kong unless the employee does his work wholly or mainly outside Hong Kong.



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 9

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to-
(a) employment on board a ship registered in Hong Kong; or
(b) employment on aircraft or dynamically supported craft registered in Hong Kong and operated by a person

who has his principal place of business, or is ordinarily resident, in Hong Kong,
but for the relevant purposes such employment is to be regarded as being at an establishment in Hong Kong

unless the employee does his work wholly outside Hong Kong.
(3) In the case of employment on board a ship registered in Hong Kong (except where the employee does his work

wholly outside Hong Kong) the ship shall for the relevant purposes be deemed to be the establishment.
(4) Where work is not done at an establishment it shall be treated for the relevant purposes as done at the

establishment from which it is done or (where it is not done from any establishment) at the establishment with
which it has the closest connection.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 15 Partnerships E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Discrimination by other Bodies

(1) It is unlawful for a firm consisting of not less than 6 partners, in relation to a position as partner in the firm, to

discriminate against a person with a disability-
(a) in the arrangements the firm makes for the purpose of determining who should be offered that position;
(b) in the terms on which the firm offers him that position;
(c) by refusing or deliberately omitting to offer him that position; or
(d) in a case where he already holds that position-

(i) in the way the firm affords him access to any benefits, services or facilities, or by refusing or
deliberately omitting to afford him access to them; or

(ii) by expelling him from that position or subjecting him to any other detriment.
(2) Subsection (1) shall apply in relation to persons proposing to form themselves into a partnership as it applies in

relation to a firm.
(3) Subsection (1)(a) and (c) shall not apply to a position as partner where, if it were employment, being a person

without a disability would be a genuine occupational qualification for the job.
(4) Subsection (1)(a), (c) and (d)(ii) shall not apply to a person who discriminates against another person with a

disability, if taking into account-
(a) that other person's past training, qualifications and experience relevant to the proposed firm or firm, as the

case may be;
(b) where that other person is already a partner, that other person's performance as a partner; and
(c) all other relevant factors that it is reasonable to so take into account,

that other person because of that other person's disability-
(i) would be unable to carry out the inherent requirements of a partner in the proposed firm or firm, as the case

may be; or
(ii) would, in order to carry out those inherent requirements, require services or facilities that are not required

by partners without a disability and the provision of which would impose an unjustifiable hardship on the
proposed firm or firm, as the case may be.

(5) In the case of a limited partnership references in subsection (1) to a partner shall be construed as references to a
general partner within the meaning of section 2 of the Limited Partnerships Ordinance (Cap 37).

(6) The Chief Executive in Council may, by notice in the Gazette, amend subsection (1) by- (Amended 66 of 1999
s. 3)
(a) substituting another number for the number appearing in that subsection; or
(b) repealing the words and number appearing after "for a firm" and before ", in relation to".

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 16 Trade unions, etc. E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) This section applies to an organization of workers, an organization of employers, or any other organization
whose members carry on a particular profession or trade for the purposes of which the organization exists.

(2) It is unlawful for an organization to which this section applies, in the case of a person with a disability who is



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 10

not a member of the organization, to discriminate against him-
(a) in the terms on which it is prepared to admit him to membership; or
(b) by refusing or deliberately omitting to accept his application for membership.

(3) It is unlawful for an organization to which this section applies, in the case of a person with a disability who is a
member of the organization, to discriminate against him-
(a) in the way it affords him access to any benefits, services or facilities, or by refusing or deliberately omitting

to afford him access to them;
(b) by depriving him of membership, or varying the terms on which he is a member; or
(c) by subjecting him to any other detriment.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 17 Qualifying bodies E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) It is unlawful for an authority or body which can confer an authorization or qualification which is needed for, or
facilitates, engagement in a particular profession or trade to discriminate against a person with a disability-
(a) in the terms on which it is prepared to confer on him that authorization or qualification;
(b) by refusing or deliberately omitting to grant his application for it; or
(c) by withdrawing it from him or varying the terms on which he holds it.

(2) Where an authority or body is required by law to satisfy itself as to his good character before conferring on a
person an authorization or qualification which is needed for, or facilitates, his engagement in any profession or
trade then, without prejudice to any other duty to which it is subject, that requirement shall be taken to impose
on the authority or body a duty to have regard to any evidence tending to show that he, or any of his employees
or agents (whether past or present), has-
(a) practised unlawful discrimination;
(b) engaged in unlawful harassment; or
(c) engaged in acts which contravene section 46 or 47,

in, or in connection with, the carrying on of any profession or trade.
(3) Subsection (1) shall not apply to an authority or body which discriminates against a person on the ground of the

person's disability, if taking into account-
(a) that person's past training, qualifications and experience relevant to the particular profession, trade or

occupation;
(b) where that person is already a member of the profession, carrying on the trade or engaged in the occupation,

that person's performance in the profession, trade or occupation; and
(c) all other relevant factors that it is reasonable to so take into the account,

that person because of that person's disability, would be unable to carry out the inherent requirements of the
profession, trade or occupation.

(4) Subsection (1) shall not apply to discrimination which is rendered unlawful by section 24.
(5) In this section-
authorization or qualification (授權或資格) includes recognition, licensing, registration, enrolment, approval and

certification;
confer (授予) includes renew or extend.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 18 Persons concerned with provision of vocational training E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) It is unlawful, in the case of a person with a disability seeking or undergoing training which would help fit him
for any employment, for any person (the trainer) who provides facilities for such training to discriminate against
him-
(a) in the terms on which the trainer affords him access to any training course or other facilities concerned with

such training;
(b) by refusing or deliberately omitting to afford him such access;
(c) by terminating his training; or
(d) by subjecting him to any other detriment during the course of his training.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to-



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 11

(a) discrimination which is rendered unlawful by any of the provisions of section 11(1) or (2) or 24; or
(b) discrimination which would be rendered unlawful by any of those provisions but for the operation of any

other provision of this Ordinance.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 19 Employment agencies E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) It is unlawful for an employment agency to discriminate against a person with a disability-
(a) in the terms on which the agency offers to provide any of its services;
(b) by refusing or deliberately omitting to provide any of its services; or
(c) in the way it provides any of its services.

(2) References in subsection (1) to the services of an employment agency include guidance on careers and any other
services related to employment.

(3) Subsection (1) shall not apply if the discrimination only concerns employment which the employer could
lawfully refuse to offer the person with a disability concerned.

(4) Subsection (1) shall not apply to an employment agency which discriminates against a person with a disability, if
taking into account-
(a) that person's past training, qualifications and experience relevant to the work sought; and
(b) all other relevant factors that it is reasonable to take into account,

that person because of that person's disability, would be unable to carry out the inherent requirements of the
employment sought.

(5) An employment agency shall not be subject to any liability under this section if it proves-
(a) that it acted in reliance on a statement made to it by the employer to the effect that, by reason of the

operation of subsection (3), its action would not be unlawful; and
(b) that it was reasonable for it to rely on the statement.

(6) A person who knowingly or recklessly makes a statement of the kind referred to in subsection (5)(a) which in a
material respect is false or misleading commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 4.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 20 Discrimination against commission agents E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) This section applies to any work for a person (the principal) which is available for doing by individuals
(commission agents) as the agents of the principal and who are remunerated, whether in whole or in part, by
commission.

(2) It is unlawful for the principal, in relation to work to which this section applies, to discriminate against a person
with a disability who is a commission agent-
(a) in the terms on which he allows the person with a disability to do that work;
(b) by not allowing that person to do it or continue to do it;
(c) in the way he affords that person access to any benefits, services or facilities or by refusing or deliberately

omitting to afford that person access to them; or
(d) by subjecting that person to any other detriment.

(3) The principal does not contravene subsection (2)(b) by doing any act in relation to a person with a disability at a
time when if the work were to be done by a person taken into his employment being a person without a disability
would be a genuine occupational qualification for the job.

(4) Subsection (2)(b) shall not apply to a principal who discriminates against a commission agent with a disability, if
taking into account-
(a) the commission agent's past training, qualifications and experience relevant to working as a commission

agent;
(b) where the person is already working for the principal as a commission agent, the commission agent's

performance as a commission agent; and
(c) all other relevant factors that it is reasonable to so take into the account,

the commission agent because of the commission agent's disability-
(i) would be unable to carry out the inherent requirements of a commission agent; or
(ii) would, in order to carry out those requirements, require services or facilities that are not required by persons

without a disability and the provision of which would impose an unjustifiable hardship on the principal.



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 12

(5) Subsection (2)(c) shall not apply to benefits, services or facilities of any description if the principal is concerned
with the provision (for payment or not) of benefits, services or facilities of that description to the public, or to a
section of the public to which the person with a disability belongs, unless that provision differs in a material
respect from the provision of the benefits, services or facilities by the principal to his commission agents.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 21 Government E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Government

(1) Subject to subsection (2), without prejudice to the operation of the other provisions of this Part in relation to the

Government, it is unlawful for the Government to discriminate against a person with a disability in the
performance of its functions or the exercise of its powers.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not render unlawful-
(a) as regards a person with a disability not having the right to enter and remain in Hong Kong, any act done

under any immigration legislation governing entry into, stay in and departure from Hong Kong; or
(b) any act done in relation to a person with a disability if it was necessary for that act to be done in order to

comply with a requirement of an existing statutory provision.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 22 Employees, etc. E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Harassment

(1) It is unlawful for a person, in relation to employment by him at an establishment in Hong Kong, to harass a

person with a disability who is seeking to be employed by the first-mentioned person.
(2) It is unlawful for a person, in the case of a person with a disability employed by him at an establishment in Hong

Kong, to harass that second-mentioned person.
(3) It is unlawful for a person who is employed by another person at an establishment in Hong Kong to harass a

third person with a disability who is seeking to be, or who is, employed by that second-mentioned person.
(4) It is unlawful for the principal, in relation to work to which section 13 applies, to harass a person with a

disability who is a contract worker.
(5) It is unlawful for a contract worker to harass a person with a disability who is a fellow contract worker.
(6) It is unlawful for a partner in a firm to harass a person with a disability who is seeking to be, or who is, a partner

in the firm.
(7) Subsection (6) shall apply in relation to persons proposing to form themselves into a partnership as it applies in

relation to a firm.
(8) Section 15(5) shall apply to subsection (6) as it applies to section 15(1).
(9) It is unlawful for the principal, in relation to work to which section 20 applies, to harass a person with a

disability who is a commission agent.
(10) It is unlawful for a commission agent to harass a person with a disability who is a fellow commission agent.
(11) It is unlawful for a person who is seeking to be, or who is, employed by a person with a disability at an

establishment in Hong Kong to harass that person.
(12) It is unlawful for a person residing in any premises to harass a person with a disability-

(a) employed by another person at an establishment in Hong Kong (and whether or not that other person also
resides in those premises or those premises are that establishment); and

(b) carrying out in those premises all or part of that person's work in relation to that person's employment (and
whether or not that person also resides in those premises).

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 23 Other harassment E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) It is unlawful for a member of an organization to which section 16 applies to harass a person with a disability
who is seeking to be, or who is, a member of the organization.

(2) It is unlawful for a member of an authority or body referred to in section 17 to harass a person with a disability



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 13

seeking an authorization or qualification (within the meaning of that section) which can be conferred by the
authority or body, as the case may be.

(3) It is unlawful for a person to harass a person with a disability seeking or undergoing training which would help
fit the second-mentioned person for any employment if that first-mentioned person provides facilities for such
training.

(4) It is unlawful for a person who-
(a) operates an employment agency; or
(b) is a member of the staff of an employment agency,

to harass a person with a disability in the course of offering to provide, or providing, any of the agency's services
to him.

(Enacted 1995)

Part: 4 Discrimination and Harassment in other Fields E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(*Format changes—E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)

_______________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* The format of Part 4 has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Section: 24 Education E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Education


(1) Subject to subsections (3), (4) and (5), it is unlawful for an educational establishment to discriminate against a
person with a disability-
(a) by refusing or failing to accept that person's application for admission as a student; or
(b) in the terms or conditions on which it is prepared to admit that person as a student.

(2) Subject to subsections (3), (4) and (5), it is unlawful for an educational establishment to discriminate against a
student with a disability-
(a) by denying that student's access, or limiting that student's access, to any benefit, service or facility provided

by the educational establishment;
(b) by expelling that student; or
(c) by subjecting that student to any other detriment.

(3) Subsections (1) and (2) shall not apply to an educational establishment which discriminates against a person with
a disability in respect of admission to an educational establishment established wholly or primarily for students
who have a particular disability where that person does not have that particular disability.

(4) Subsections (1) and (2) shall not apply to an educational establishment which refuses or fails to accept a person's
application for admission as a student at an educational establishment where that person, if admitted as a student
by the educational establishment, would require services or facilities that are not required by students who do not
have a disability and the provision of which would impose unjustifiable hardship on the educational
establishment.

(5) Subsections (1) and (2) shall not apply to an educational establishment which discriminates against a person with
a disability-
(a) if that person is not reasonably capable of performing the actions or activities reasonably required by the

educational establishment in relation to students at that educational establishment; or
(b) if the students who participate in or are to participate in those actions or activities are selected by a method

which is reasonable on the basis of their skills and abilities relevant to those actions or activities and relative
to each other.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 25 Access to premises E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Premises, goods, services and facilities




Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 14

(1) Subject to subsection (2), it is unlawful for a person to discriminate against another person with a disability-
(a) by refusing to allow that other person access to, or the use of, any premises that the public or a section of

the public is entitled or allowed to enter or use (whether for payment or not);
(b) in the terms or conditions on which the first-mentioned person is prepared to allow that other person access

to, or the use of, any such premises;
(c) in relation to the provision of means of access to such premises;
(d) by refusing to allow that other person the use of any facilities in such premises that the public or a section of

the public is entitled or allowed to use (whether for payment or not);
(e) in the terms or conditions on which the first-mentioned person is prepared to allow that other person the use

of any such facilities; or
(f) by requiring the other person to leave such premises or cease to use such facilities.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to a person who discriminates against another person with a disability in relation
to the provision of access to premises if-
(a) the premises are so designed or constructed as to be inaccessible to a person with a disability; and
(b) any alteration to the premises to provide such access would impose unjustifiable hardship on the first-

mentioned person who would have to provide that access.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 26 Goods, services and facilities E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Subject to subsection (2), it is unlawful for a person who, whether for payment or not, provides goods, services
or facilities, to discriminate against another person with a disability-
(a) by refusing to provide that other person with those goods, services or facilities;
(b) in the terms or conditions on which the first-mentioned person provides that other person with those goods,

services or facilities; or
(c) in the manner in which the first-mentioned person provides that other person with those goods, services or

facilities.
(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to a person who discriminates against another person with a disability if-

(a) the provision of the goods, services or facilities would impose unjustifiable hardship on the person who
would have to provide those goods, services or facilities; and

(b) in the case of the facilities described in paragraphs (c), (d), (e) or (f) of section 27 (or facilities of a like
nature to the facilities so described) and to the extent that those facilities are physical in nature, those
facilities are so designed or constructed as to be inaccessible to a person with a disability.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 27 Examples of services and facilities E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


The following are examples of the services and facilities referred to in section 26-
(a) access to and use of any place which members of the public or a section of the public are permitted to enter;
(b) accommodation in a hotel, guesthouse or other similar establishment;
(c) facilities by way of banking or insurance or for grants, loans, credit or finance;
(d) facilities for education, including the conduct of public examinations;
(e) facilities for entertainment, recreation or refreshment;
(f) facilities for transport or travel;
(g) the services relating to transport or travel;
(h) the services relating to telecommunications;
(i) the services of any profession or trade;
(j) the services of-

(i)-(ii) (Repealed 78 of 1999 s. 7)
(iii) any department of the Government; or
(iv) any undertaking by or of the Government.

(Enacted 1995)




Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 15

Section: 28 Discrimination in disposal or management of premises E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) It is unlawful for a person (the disposer), in relation to premises in Hong Kong of which he has power to
dispose, to discriminate against another person with a disability or any other person providing, or intending to
provide, services or facilities on those premises (and who for this purpose is to be treated as an associate of that
other person with a disability) to persons with a disability-
(a) in the terms on which the disposer offers him those premises;
(b) by refusing his application for those premises; or
(c) in his treatment of him in relation to any list of persons in need of premises of that description.

(2) It is unlawful for a person (the manager), in relation to premises managed by him, to discriminate against
another person with a disability occupying the premises-
(a) in the way the manager affords him access to any benefits or facilities, or by refusing or deliberately

omitting to afford him access to them; or
(b) by evicting him, or subjecting him to any other detriment.

(3) Subsection (1) shall not apply to a person who owns an estate or interest in the premises and wholly occupies
them unless he uses the services of an estate agent for the purposes of the disposal of the premises, or publishes
or causes to be published an advertisement in connection with the disposal.

(4) Subsection (2) shall not apply to a person who discriminates against another person with a disability if the
affording of access to any benefits or facilities would impose unjustifiable hardship on the person affording such
access.

(5) In this section in relation to premises, power to dispose (有權處置) includes the power to sell, rent, let, sub-let
or otherwise part with possession of those premises.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 29 Discrimination: consent for assignment or sub-letting E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Where the licence or consent of the landlord or of any other person (the disposer) is required for the disposal to
any person of premises in Hong Kong comprised in a tenancy, it is unlawful for the disposer to discriminate
against another person with a disability by withholding the licence or consent for disposal of the premises to that
other person.

(2) It is unlawful for the disposer to discriminate against another person with a disability-
(a) by evicting that other person from the premises occupied by that other person;
(b) by subjecting that other person to any other detriment in relation to the premises occupied by that other

person; or
(c) by refusing to permit that other person to make reasonable alterations to the premises occupied by that

person if-
(i) that other person has undertaken to restore the premises to their condition before alteration on leaving

the premises;
(ii) in all the circumstances it is likely that that other person will perform the undertaking;
(iii) in all the circumstances, the action required to restore the premises to their condition before alteration

is reasonably practicable;
(iv) the alteration is at that other person's own expense; and
(v) the alteration does not involve alteration of other premises occupied by any other person.

(3) Subsection (1) shall not apply-
(a) if-

(i) the disposer, or a near relative of his ("the relevant occupier") resides, and intends to continue to
reside, on the premises;

(ii) there is on the premises, in addition to the accommodation occupied by the relevant occupier,
accommodation (not being storage accommodation or means of access) shared by the relevant occupier
with other persons residing on the premises who are not members of his household; and

(iii) the premises are small premises as construed in accordance with section 30(2); or
(b) to a disposer who discriminates against another person with a disability if the granting of the licence or

consent for disposal of the premises by the disposer would impose unjustifiable hardship on the disposer.
(4) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that this section applies to tenancies created before the



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 16

enactment of this Ordinance as well as to tenancies created on or after the enactment of this Ordinance.
(5) In this section-
disposal (處置), in relation to premises comprised in a tenancy, includes assignment of the tenancy and sub-letting or

parting with possession of the premises or any part of the premises;
tenancy (租賃) means a tenancy created-

(a) by a lease or sub-lease;
(b) by an agreement for a lease or sub-lease;
(c) by a tenancy agreement; or
(d) pursuant to any enactment.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 30 Exceptions for small dwellings E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Sections 26(1) and 28 shall not apply to the provision by a person of accommodation in any premises, or the
disposal of premises by him, if-
(a) that person or a near relative of his (the relevant occupier) resides, and intends to continue to reside, on the

premises;
(b) there is on the premises, in addition to the accommodation occupied by the relevant occupier,

accommodation (not being storage accommodation or means of access) shared by the relevant occupier
with other persons residing on the premises who are not members of his household; and

(c) the premises are small premises.
(2) Premises shall be treated for the purposes of subsection (1) as small premises if-

(a) in the case of premises comprising residential accommodation for one or more households (under separate
letting or similar agreements) in addition to the accommodation occupied by the relevant occupier, there is
not normally residential accommodation for more than 2 such households and only the relevant occupier
and any members of his household reside in the accommodation occupied by him;

(b) in the case of premises not falling within paragraph (a), there is not normally residential accommodation on
the premises for more than 6 persons in addition to the relevant occupier and any members of his
household.

(3) The Chief Executive in Council may, by notice in the Gazette, amend subsection (2)(b) by substituting another
number for the number appearing in that subsection. (Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 31 Exceptions for voluntary bodies E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Subject to subsection (5), this section applies to a body the activities of which are carried on otherwise than for
profit.

(2) Sections 26(1), 28 and 29 shall not be construed as rendering unlawful-
(a) the restriction of membership of any body to which this section applies to persons without a disability

(disregarding any minor exceptions) where such restriction is reasonable having regard to the main object of
the body; or

(b) the provision of benefits, services or facilities to members of any body to which this section applies where
the membership is so restricted,

even though membership of the body is open to the public, or to a section of the public.
(3) Nothing in section 26, 28 or 29 shall-

(a) be construed as affecting a provision to which this subsection applies; or
(b) render unlawful an act which is done in order to give effect to such a provision.

(4) Subsection (3) applies to a provision for conferring benefits on persons without a disability (disregarding any
benefits to persons with a disability which are exceptional or are relatively insignificant), being a provision
which constitutes the main object of a body to which this section applies.

(5) This section shall not apply to a body whose recurrent expenditure is funded wholly or in part by the
Government.

(Enacted 1995)




Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 17

Section: 32 Further exceptions from sections 26(1) and 28 E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Sections 26(1) and 28 shall not apply-
(a) to discrimination which is rendered unlawful by any provision or Part of this Ordinance specified in column

1 of Schedule 4; or
(b) to discrimination which would be so unlawful but for any provision or Part of this Ordinance specified in

column 2 of that Schedule.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 33 Discrimination by, or in relation to, barristers E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Barristers

(1) It is unlawful for a barrister or barrister's clerk, in relation to any offer of a pupillage or tenancy, to discriminate

against a person with a disability-
(a) in the arrangements which are made for the purpose of determining to whom it should be offered;
(b) in respect of any terms on which it is offered; or
(c) by refusing or deliberately omitting to offer it to him.

(2) It is unlawful for a barrister or barrister's clerk, in relation to a person with a disability who is a pupil or tenant in
the chambers concerned, to discriminate against him-
(a) in respect of any terms applicable to him as a pupil or tenant;
(b) in the opportunities for training, or gaining experience, which are afforded or denied to him;
(c) in the benefits, services or facilities which are afforded or denied to him; or
(d) by terminating his pupillage or by subjecting him to any pressure to leave the chambers or other detriment.

(3) It is unlawful for any person, in relation to the giving, withholding or acceptance of instructions to a barrister, to
discriminate against a person with a disability.

(4) In this section-
barrister's clerk (大律師書記) includes any person carrying out any of the functions of a barrister's clerk;
pupil (見習大律師), pupillage (見習職位), tenancy (租賃) and tenant (承租人) have the meanings commonly

associated with their use in the context of a set of barristers' chambers.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 34 Clubs E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Clubs and Sporting Activities

(1) Subject to subsection (4), it is unlawful for a club, the committee of management of a club or a member of the

committee of management of a club to discriminate against a person with a disability who is not a member of the
club-
(a) by refusing or failing to accept that person's application for membership; or
(b) in the terms or conditions on which the club is prepared to admit that person to membership.

(2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), it is unlawful for a club, the committee of management of a club or a member
of the committee of management of a club to discriminate against a person with a disability who is a member of
the club-
(a) in the terms or conditions of membership that are afforded to that member;
(b) by refusing or failing to accept that member's application for a particular class or type of membership;
(c) by denying that member's access, or limiting that member's access, to any benefit, service or facility

provided by the club;
(d) by depriving that member of membership or varying the terms of membership; or
(e) by subjecting that member to any other detriment.

(3) Subsection (2)(c) shall not apply to a club, the committee of management of a club or a member of the
committee of management of a club which discriminates against a person with a disability where, because of that
person's disability, that person requires the benefit, service or facility to be provided in a special manner and the
benefit, service or facility cannot without unjustifiable hardship be so provided by the club.



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 18

(4) Subsections (1) and (2) shall not apply to a club, the committee of management of a club or a member of the
committee of management of a club which discriminates against a person with a disability if membership
(however described) of the club is restricted only to persons who have a particular disability and that first-
mentioned person does not have that disability.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 35 Sport E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Subject to subsection (3), it is unlawful for a person to discriminate against another person with a disability by
excluding that other person from a sporting activity.

(2) In subsection (1), a reference to a sporting activity includes a reference to an administrative or coaching activity
in relation to any sport.

(3) Subsection (1) shall not apply to a person who discriminates against another person with a disability-
(a) if that other person is not reasonably capable of performing the actions reasonably required in relation to the

sporting activity;
(b) if the persons who participate or are to participate in the sporting activities are selected by a method which

is reasonable on the basis of their skills and abilities relevant to the sporting activity and relative to each
other; or

(c) if a sporting activity is conducted only for persons who have a particular disability and that other person
does not have that disability.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 36 Government E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Government

(1) Subject to subsection (2), without prejudice to the operation of the other provisions of this Part in relation to the

Government, it is unlawful for the Government to discriminate against a person with a disability in the
performance of its functions or the exercise of its powers.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not render unlawful-
(a) as regards a person with a disability not having the right to enter and remain in Hong Kong, any act done

under any immigration legislation governing entry into, stay in and departure from Hong Kong; or
(b) any act done in relation to a person with a disability if it was necessary for that act to be done in order to

comply with a requirement of an existing statutory provision.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 37 Educational establishments E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Harassment

(1) It is unlawful for a student of an educational establishment, or a person who is, or is a member of, the

responsible body for an educational establishment, as the case may be, to harass a person with a disability who is
seeking to be, or who is, a student of that educational establishment.

(2) It is unlawful for a person who is a member of the staff of an educational establishment to harass a person with a
disability who is seeking to be, or who is, a student of that educational establishment.

(3) It is unlawful for a person who is seeking to be, or who is, a student of an educational establishment to harass a
person with a disability-
(a) who is, or is a member of, the responsible body for; or
(b) who is a member of the staff of,

the establishment.
(Enacted 1995)





Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 19

Section: 38 Harassment in relation to the provision of goods, services
and facilities

E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013



(1) It is unlawful for a person who, whether for payment or not, provides goods, services or facilities, to harass
another person with a disability who wants to acquire the goods or services or to make use of the facilities.

(2) It is unlawful for a person to-
(a) interfere with the provision of goods, services or facilities to another person with a disability; or
(b) prevent or to attempt to prevent another person who, whether for payment or not, provides goods, services

or facilities, or wishes to provide goods, services or facilities from providing those goods, services or
facilities to a third person with a disability.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 39 Other harassment E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) It is unlawful for a person, in relation to premises managed by him, to harass a person with a disability
occupying the premises.

(2) Where the licence or consent of the landlord or of any other person is required for the disposal to any person of
premises in Hong Kong comprised in a tenancy, it is unlawful for the landlord or other person to harass a person
with a disability seeking the licence or consent for disposal of the premises to him.

(3) Section 29(5) shall apply to subsection (2) as it applies to section 29.
(4) It is unlawful for a barrister or barrister's clerk, in relation to any chambers, to harass a person with a disability-

(a) in the course of offering to provide to him pupillage or tenancy in the chambers; or
(b) who is a pupil or tenant in the chambers.

(5) It is unlawful for any person, in the course of the giving, withholding or acceptance of instructions to a barrister,
to harass a person with a disability who is a barrister.

(6) Section 33(4) shall apply to subsections (4) and (5) as it applies to section 33.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 40 Extent of Part 4 E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Extent

(1) Section 26(1)-

(a) shall not apply to goods, services or facilities outside Hong Kong except as provided in subsections (2) and
(3); and

(b) shall not apply to facilities by way of banking or insurance or for grants, loans, credit or finance, where the
facilities are for a purpose to be carried out, or in connection with risks wholly or mainly arising, outside
Hong Kong.

(2) Section 26(1) applies to the provision of facilities for travel outside Hong Kong where the refusal or omission
occurs in Hong Kong or on a ship, aircraft or dynamically supported craft referred to in subsection (3).

(3) Section 26(1) applies on and in relation to-
(a) any ship registered in Hong Kong;
(b) any aircraft or dynamically supported craft registered in Hong Kong and operated by a person who has his

principal place of business, or is ordinarily resident, in Hong Kong;
(c) any ship, aircraft or dynamically supported craft belonging to or possessed by the Government,

even if the ship, aircraft or dynamically supported craft is outside Hong Kong.
(4) This section shall not render unlawful an act done in or over a place outside Hong Kong, or in or over that

place's territorial waters, if any, for the purpose of complying with the laws of that place.
(5) Section 24 shall not apply to benefits, services or facilities outside Hong Kong except-

(a) travel on a ship registered in Hong Kong;
(b) benefits, services or facilities provided on a ship so registered.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)





Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 20

Part: 5 Other Unlawful Acts E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(*Format changes—E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)

_______________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* The format of Part 5 has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Section: 41 Discriminatory practices E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) In this section discriminatory practice (歧視性的做法) means the application of a requirement or condition
which results in an act of discrimination which is unlawful by virtue of any provision of Part 3 or 4 as read with
section 6(b) or which would be likely to result in such an act of discrimination if the persons to whom it is
applied were not all persons with a disability.

(2) A person acts in contravention of this section if and so long as-
(a) he applies a discriminatory practice; or
(b) he operates practices or other arrangements which in any circumstances would call for the application by

him of a discriminatory practice.
(3) Proceedings in respect of a contravention of this section shall be brought only by the Commission in accordance

with the provisions of sections 73, 74, 75, 76 and 77.
(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 42 Requests for information E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) If, because of another provision of Part 3 or 4, it would be unlawful, in particular circumstances, for a person to
discriminate against another person, in doing a particular act, it is unlawful for the first-mentioned person to
request or require that other person to provide, in connection with or for the purposes of the doing of the act,
information (whether by completing a form or otherwise) that persons who do not have a disability would not, in
circumstances that are the same or are not materially different, be requested or required to provide.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), if, because of section 11(1), it would be unlawful, in particular circumstances, for a
person to discriminate against another person, in doing a particular act, it is unlawful for the first-mentioned
person to request or require that other person to provide information of a medical nature (whether by completing
a form or otherwise) in connection with or for the purposes of the doing of the act.

(3) Nothing in subsection (2) shall render it unlawful for a person to request or require another person to provide
information of a medical nature that is necessary to determine if that other person would be unable to carry out
the inherent requirements of the job or would require services or facilities that are not required by persons
without a disability.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 43 Discriminatory advertisements E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) It is unlawful to publish or cause to be published an advertisement which indicates, or might reasonably be
understood as indicating, an intention by a person to do any act which is or might be unlawful by virtue of Part 3
or 4.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to an advertisement if the intended act would not in fact be unlawful.
(3) The publisher of an advertisement made unlawful by subsection (1) shall not be subject to any liability under

that subsection in respect of the publication of the advertisement if he proves-
(a) that the advertisement was published in reliance on a statement made to him by the person who caused it to

be published to the effect that, by reason of the operation of subsection (2), the publication would not be
unlawful; and

(b) that it was reasonable for him to rely on the statement.
(4) A person who knowingly or recklessly makes a statement of the kind referred to in subsection (3) which in a



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 21

material respect is false or misleading commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 4.
(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 44 Instructions to discriminate E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


It is unlawful for a person-
(a) who has authority over another person; or
(b) in accordance with whose wishes that other person is accustomed to act,

to instruct him to do any act which is unlawful by virtue of Part 3 or 4, or procure or attempt to procure the doing by
him of any such act.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 45 Pressure to discriminate E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) It is unlawful to induce, or attempt to induce, a person to do any act which contravenes Part 3 or 4 by-
(a) providing or offering to provide him with any benefit, service or facility; or
(b) subjecting or threatening to subject him to any detriment.

(2) An offer or threat is not prevented from falling within subsection (1) because it is not made directly to the person
concerned, if it is made in such a way that he is likely to hear of it.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 46 Vilification E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) It is unlawful for a person, by any activity in public, to incite hatred towards, serious contempt for, or severe
ridicule of, another person with a disability or members of a class of persons with a disability.

(1A) For the purposes of subsection (1), it is immaterial whether a person is actually incited, by an activity, to-
(a) hatred towards;
(b) serious contempt for; or
(c) severe ridicule of,

another person with a disability or members of a class of persons with a disability. (Added 29 of 2008 s. 99)
(2) Nothing in this section renders unlawful-

(a) a fair report of an activity in public;
(b) an activity in public that-

(i) is a communication or the distribution or dissemination of any matter; and
(ii) consists of a publication which is subject to a defence of absolute privilege in proceedings for

defamation; or (Replaced 29 of 2008 s. 99)
(c) an activity in public done reasonably and in good faith, for academic, artistic, scientific or research purposes

in the public interest, including discussions about and expositions of any matter.
(3) In this section and section 47, activity in public (公開活動) includes-

(a) any form of communication to the public, including speaking, writing, printing, displaying notices,
broadcasting, screening and playing of tapes or other recorded material;

(b) any conduct (not being a form of communication referred to in paragraph (a)) observable by the public,
including actions and gestures and the wearing or display of clothing, signs, flags, emblems and insignia;

(c) the distribution or dissemination of any matter to the public.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 47 Offence of serious vilification E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) A person commits an offence if-
(a) the person, by any activity, incites hatred towards, serious contempt for, or severe ridicule of, another

person (the second-mentioned person) with a disability or members of a class of persons with a disability;



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 22

(b) the person intentionally incites such hatred, serious contempt or severe ridicule; and
(c) the activity is an activity in public and consists of threatening physical harm, or inciting others to threaten

physical harm-
(i) towards, or towards any premises or property of, the second-mentioned person or the members of the

class of persons; or
(ii) towards the premises or property of any other person to which the second-mentioned person or the

members of the class of persons have access.
(2) For the purposes of subsection (1)(a), it is immaterial whether a person is actually incited, by an activity, to-

(a) hatred towards;
(b) serious contempt for; or
(c) severe ridicule of,

another person with a disability or members of a class of persons with a disability.
(3) A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on conviction to a fine at level 6 and to

imprisonment for 2 years.
(Replaced 29 of 2008 s. 100)


Section: 48 Liability of employers and principals E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Anything done by a person in the course of his employment shall be treated for the purposes of this Ordinance as
done by his employer as well as by him, whether or not it was done with the employer's knowledge or approval.

(2) Anything done by a person as agent for another person with the authority (whether express or implied, and
whether precedent or subsequent) of that other person shall be treated for the purposes of this Ordinance as done
by that other person as well as by him.

(3) In proceedings brought under this Ordinance against any person in respect of an act alleged to have been done
by an employee of his it shall be a defence for that person to prove that he took such steps as were reasonably
practicable to prevent the employee from doing that act, or from doing in the course of his employment acts of
that description.

(4) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that this section shall not apply for the purposes of any criminal
proceedings.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 49 Aiding unlawful acts E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) A person who knowingly aids another person to do an act made unlawful by this Ordinance shall be treated for
the purposes of this Ordinance as himself doing an unlawful act of the like description.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), an employee or agent for whose act the employer or principal is liable under
section 48 (or would be so liable but for section 48(3)) shall be deemed to aid the doing of the act by the
employer or principal.

(3) A person does not under this section knowingly aid another to do an unlawful act if-
(a) he acts in reliance on a statement made to him by that other person that, by reason of any provision of this

Ordinance, the act which he aids would not be unlawful; and
(b) it is reasonable for him to rely on the statement.

(4) A person who knowingly or recklessly makes a statement of the kind referred to in subsection (3)(a) which in a
material respect is false or misleading commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 4.

(Enacted 1995)

Part: 6 General Exceptions from Parts 3 to 5* E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(#Format changes—E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


____________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended L.N. 391 of 1996; E.R. 1 of 2013)
#The format of Part 6 has been updated to the current legislative styles.



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 23


Section: 50 Special measures E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 shall render unlawful an act that is reasonably intended to-
(a) ensure that persons with a disability have equal opportunities with other persons in circumstances in

relation to which a provision is made by this Ordinance;
(b) afford persons with a disability or a particular disability, goods or access to services, facilities or

opportunities to meet their special needs in relation to-
(i) employment, education, clubs or sport;
(ii) the provision of premises, goods, services or facilities; or
(iii) their capacity to live independently;

(c) afford persons with a disability or a particular disability, grants, benefits or programmes, whether direct or
indirect, to meet their special needs in relation to-
(i) employment, education, clubs or sport;
(ii) the provision of premises, goods, services or facilities; or
(iii) their capacity to live independently.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 51 Charities E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 shall-
(a) be construed as affecting a provision to which this subsection applies; or
(b) render unlawful an act which is done in order to give effect to such a provision.

(2) Subsection (1) applies to a provision for conferring benefits on persons who have a disability or a particular
disability (disregarding any benefits to other persons which are exceptional or are relatively insignificant), being
a provision which is contained in a charitable instrument.

(3) In applying this section, account shall be taken of section 88 of the Inland Revenue Ordinance (Cap 112).
(4) In this section-
charitable instrument (慈善文書) means an enactment or other instrument so far as it relates to charitable purposes;
charitable purposes (慈善目的) means purposes which are exclusively charitable according to any enactment or rule

of law.
(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 52 Insurance, etc. E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 shall render unlawful the treatment of a person in relation to any class of insurance business,
or similar matter involving the assessment of risk, where the treatment-

(a) was effected by reference to actuarial or other data from a source on which it was reasonable to rely; and
(b) was reasonable having regard to the data and any other relevant factors.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 53 Discriminatory training by certain bodies E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 shall render unlawful any act done in relation to particular work by any person in, or in
connection with-
(a) affording persons with a disability only, or persons without a disability only, access to facilities for training

which would help to fit them for that work; or
(b) encouraging persons with a disability only, or persons without a disability only, to take advantage of

opportunities for doing that work,
where it reasonably appears to that person that at any time within the 12 months immediately preceding the

doing of the act there were no persons with or without a disability, as the case may be, doing that work in Hong



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 24

Kong, or the number of persons with or without a disability, respectively, doing the work in Hong Kong was
comparatively small.

(2) This section shall not apply in relation to any discrimination which is rendered unlawful by section 11.
(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 54 Other discriminatory training, etc. E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 shall render unlawful any act done by an employer in relation to particular work in his
employment, being an act done in, or in connection with -
(a) affording his employees with a disability only, or his employees without a disability only, access to

facilities for training which would help to fit them for that work; or
(b) encouraging persons with a disability only, or persons without a disability only, to take advantage of

opportunities for doing that work,
where at any time within the 12 months immediately preceding the doing of the act there were no persons with

or without a disability, as the case may be, among those doing that work or the number of persons with or
without a disability, respectively, doing the work was comparatively small.

(2) Nothing in section 16 shall render unlawful any act done by an organization to which that section applies in, or
in connection with -
(a) affording members with a disability of the organization only, or members without a disability of the

organization only, access to facilities for training which would help to fit them for holding a post of any
kind in the organization; or

(b) encouraging members with a disability only, or members without a disability only, to take advantage of
opportunities for holding such posts in the organization,

where at any time within the 12 months immediately preceding the doing of the act there were no persons with
or without a disability, as the case may be, among persons holding such posts in the organization or the number
of persons with or without a disability, respectively, holding such posts was comparatively small.

(3) Nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 shall render unlawful any act done by an organization to which section 16 applies in, or
in connection with, encouraging persons with a disability only, or persons without a disability only, to become
members of the organization where at any time within the 12 months immediately preceding the doing of the act
there were no persons with or without a disability, as the case may be, among those members or the number of
persons with or without a disability, respectively, among the members was comparatively small.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 55 Elections in respect of trade unions, etc. E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) If an organization to which section 16 applies comprises a body the membership of which is wholly or mainly
elected, nothing in that section shall render unlawful provision which ensures that a minimum number of persons
with or without a disability are members of the body-
(a) by reserving seats on the body for those persons respectively; or
(b) by making extra seats on the body available (by election or co-option or otherwise) for those persons

respectively on occasions when the number of those persons respectively in the other seats is below the
minimum,

where in the opinion of the organization the provision is in the circumstances needed to secure a reasonable
lower limit to the number of members with or without a disability, as the case may be, serving on the body; and
nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 shall render unlawful any act done in order to give effect to such a provision.

(2) This section shall not be taken as making lawful-
(a) discrimination in the arrangements for determining the persons entitled to vote in an election of members of

the body, or otherwise to choose the persons to serve on the body; or
(b) discrimination in any arrangements concerning membership of the organization itself.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)





Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 25

Section: 56 Indirect access to benefits, etc. E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) References in this Ordinance to the affording by any person of access to benefits, services or facilities are not
limited to benefits, services or facilities provided by that person himself, but include any means by which it is in
that person's power to facilitate access to benefits, services or facilities provided by any other person (actual
provider).

(2) Where by any provision of this Ordinance the affording by any person of access to benefits, services or facilities
in a discriminatory way is in certain circumstances prevented from being unlawful, the effect of the provision
shall extend also to the liability under this Ordinance of any actual provider.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 57 Acts done for purposes of protection of persons with

disability
E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013



(1) Nothing in-
(a) the provisions of Part 3;
(b) the provisions of Part 4 so far as it applies to vocational training; or
(c) the provisions of Part 5 so far as it has effect in relation to any of the provisions referred to in paragraph (a)

or (b),
shall render unlawful any act done by a person in relation to a person with a disability if-

(i) it was necessary for that first-mentioned person to do it in order to comply with a requirement of an existing
statutory provision concerning the protection of persons with a disability; or

(ii) it was necessary for that first-mentioned person to do it in order to comply with a requirement of a
provision specified in Schedule 3 and it was done by that person for the purpose of the protection of the
second-mentioned person (or of any class of persons with a disability that included that second-mentioned
person).

(2) In subsection (1)-
(a) the reference in paragraph (i) of that subsection to an existing statutory provision concerning the protection

of persons with a disability is a reference to any such provision having effect for the purpose of protecting
those persons as regards circumstances giving rise to risks specifically affecting those persons (or any class
of those persons) whether the provision relates only to such protection or to the protection of any other
persons as well;

(b) the reference in paragraph (ii) of that subsection to the protection of a particular person with a disability or
class of persons with a disability is a reference to the protection of that person or those persons as regards
any circumstances falling within paragraph (a).

(3) Subject to subsection (4), the provisions of subsections (1)(ii) and (2)(b), section 12(3)(c) and Schedule 3 shall
expire on the 1st anniversary of the day on which this Ordinance is enacted.

(4) Prior to the expiry of the provisions referred to in subsection (3), the Legislative Council may, by resolution,
amend that subsection to extend those provisions for a period of 1 year.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 58 Acts done under statutory authority to be exempt from

certain provisions of Part 4
E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013



(1) Nothing in-
(a) the relevant provisions of Part 4; or
(b) Part 5 so far as it has effect in relation to those provisions,

shall render unlawful any act done by a person if it was necessary for that person to do it in order to comply with
a requirement of an existing statutory provision.

(2) In subsection (1), the relevant provisions of Part 4 (第4部的有關條文) means the provisions of Part 4 except
so far as they apply to vocational training or harassment.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 26


Section: 59 Construction of references to vocational training E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


In sections 57 and 58, vocational training (職業訓練) includes-
(a) retraining; and
(b) vocational guidance.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 60 Further exceptions E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) No provision or Part of this Ordinance specified in column 1 of Schedule 5 shall render unlawful any
discrimination specified opposite thereto in column 2 of that Schedule.

(2) Nothing in Part 3, 4 or 5 shall render unlawful any act done by any person -
(a) in connection with any discrimination which is not unlawful by virtue of the operation of subsection (1);

and
(b) to the extent that it is done for the purposes of that discrimination.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 61 Infectious diseases E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Subject to subsection (2), nothing in this Ordinance shall apply to a person who discriminates against another
person with a disability if-
(a) that person's disability is an infectious disease; and
(b) the discriminatory act is reasonably necessary to protect public health.

(2) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that subsection (1) has no application to a person who is HIV-
positive or has acquired immune deficiency syndrome (commonly known as "AIDS") merely because of the fact
that the person has such a condition.

(3) In this section, infectious disease (傳染病) includes-
(a) any scheduled infectious disease, or a disease caused by a scheduled infectious agent, within the meaning of

the Prevention and Control of Disease Ordinance (Cap 599); and (Replaced 14 of 2008 s. 18)
(b) any communicable disease specified by the Director of Health by notice in the Gazette.

(Enacted 1995)

Part: 7 Commission E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(*Format changes—E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)

_______________________________________________________________________________
Note:
*The format of Part 7 has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Section: 62 Functions and powers of Commission E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) The Commission shall-
(a) work towards the elimination of discrimination;
(b) promote equality of opportunity between persons with a disability and persons without a disability;
(c) work towards the elimination of harassment and vilification;
(d) in the case of any act alleged to be unlawful by virtue of this Ordinance, encourage persons who are

concerned with the matter to which the act relates to effect a settlement of the matter by conciliation,
whether under section 80 or otherwise;

(e) keep under review the working of this Ordinance and, when it is so required by the Chief Executive or
otherwise thinks it necessary draw up and submit to the Chief Executive proposals for amending this
Ordinance; and (Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 27

(f) perform such other functions as are imposed on it under this Ordinance or any other enactment.
(2) The Commission may do all such things as are necessary for, or incidental or conducive to, the better

performance of its functions and in particular but without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, may-
(a) with the prior approval of the Chief Executive, become a member of or affiliate to any international body

concerned with (whether in whole or in part) the elimination of discrimination; (Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)
(b) exercise such other powers as are conferred on it under this Ordinance.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 63 Review of Schedules 2, 3 and 5 E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Without prejudice to the generality of section 62(1), the Commission, pursuant to its functions under paragraphs
(a) and (b) of that section, shall keep Schedules 2, 3 and 5 under review.

(2) Whenever the Commission thinks it necessary, it shall draw up and submit to the Chief Executive proposals for-
(Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)
(a) amending Schedules 2 and 5;
(b) amending the provisions specified in Schedule 3.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 64 Delegations E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


The Commission shall not under section 67 of the relevant Ordinance delegate any of its functions or powers under-
(a) section 85;
(b) any provisions of any regulations made under section 86 which are specified in the regulations as provisions

which shall not be subject to section 67 of the relevant Ordinance;
(c) any provisions of any rules made under section 85 which are specified in the rules as provisions which shall

not be subject to section 67 of the relevant Ordinance.
(Amended 80 of 1997 s. 102)

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 64A Protection of members of Commission etc. 18 of 2014 05/12/2014


(1) No person to whom this subsection applies, acting in good faith, is personally liable in damages for any act done
or default made in the performance or purported performance of any function, or the exercise or purported
exercise of any power, imposed or conferred on the Commission under this Ordinance.

(2) The protection conferred by subsection (1) on any person to whom that subsection applies in respect of any act
or default does not in any way affect the liability of the Commission for that act or default.

(3) Subsection (1) applies to the following persons-
(a) a member of the Commission or a committee;
(b) an employee of the Commission;
(c) a conciliator.

(Added 18 of 2014 s. 32)

Section: 65 Codes of practice E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Remarks:
For the saving and transitional provisions relating to the amendments made by the Resolution of the Legislative
Council (L.N. 130 of 2007), see paragraph (12) of that Resolution.


Codes of practice


(1) The Commission may issue codes of practice containing such practical guidance as it thinks fit for the purposes

of-
(a) the elimination of discrimination;
(b) the promotion of equality of opportunity between persons with a disability and persons without a disability



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 28

generally;
(c) the elimination of harassment and vilification.

(2) When the Commission proposes to issue a code of practice, it shall prepare and publish (otherwise than in the
Gazette) the code, shall consider any representations made to it about the code and may modify the code
accordingly.

(3) In the course of preparing any code of practice for eventual publication under subsection (2), the Commission
shall consult with such associations, organizations, associations of organizations or bodies as appear to the
Commission to be appropriate, including any of the associations, organizations, associations of organizations or
bodies specified by the Secretary for Labour and Welfare by notice in the Gazette. (Amended L.N. 106 of 2002;
L.N. 130 of 2007)

(4) If the Commission determines to proceed with a code of practice published under subsection (2), it shall cause
the code to be-
(a) published in the Gazette; and
(b) laid on the table of the Legislative Council at the next sitting after its publication in the Gazette.

(5) Where a code of practice has been laid on the table of the Legislative Council under subsection (4), the
Legislative Council may, by resolution passed at a sitting of the Legislative Council held before the expiration of
a period of 28 days after the sitting at which it was so laid, provide that the code of practice shall be amended in
any manner consistent with this section.

(6) If the period referred to in subsection (5) would but for this subsection expire-
(a) after the end of a session of the Legislative Council or a dissolution thereof; but
(b) on or before the day of the second sitting of the Legislative Council in the next following session thereof,

that period shall be deemed to extend to and expire on the day after that second sitting.
*(7) Before the expiration of the period referred to in subsection (5) or that period as extended by virtue of subsection

(6), the Legislative Council may by resolution in relation to a code of practice specified therein-
(a) in the case of the period referred to in subsection (5), extend that period to the first sitting of the Legislative

Council held not earlier than the twenty-first day after the day of its expiration;
(b) in the case where the period referred to in subsection (5) has been extended by virtue of subsection (6), extend

that period as so extended to the first sitting of the Legislative Council held not earlier than the twenty-first day
after the day of the second sitting in that next following session. (Replaced 8 of 2002 s. 20)

(8) A resolution passed by the Legislative Council in accordance with this section shall be published in the Gazette
not later than 14 days after the passing thereof or within such further period as the Chief Executive may allow in
any particular case. (Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)

(9) A code of practice issued under this section shall come into operation-
(a) in the case where before the expiration of the period referred to in subsection (5), or before the expiration of

that period as extended under subsection (6) or (7), the Legislative Council does not pass a resolution
amending the code of practice, upon the expiration of that period, or upon the expiration of that period as so
extended, as the case may be; and

(b) in the case where the Legislative Council passes a resolution amending the code of practice, upon the expiration
of the day next preceding the day of the publication in the Gazette of such resolution under subsection (8).

(10) A code of practice issued under this section may contain such transitional provisions or savings as appear to the
Commission to be necessary or expedient in connection with the matters the subject of the code.

(11) The Commission may from time to time revise the whole or any part of a code of practice issued under this
section and issue that revised code, and subsections (2) to (10) shall apply (with appropriate modifications) to
such a revised code as they apply to the first issue of a code.

(12) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), a code of practice issued under this section may include
such practical guidance as the Commission thinks fit as to what steps it is reasonably practicable for employers
to take for the purpose of preventing their employees from doing in the course of their employment acts made
unlawful by this Ordinance.

(13) A failure on the part of any person to observe any provision of a code of practice shall not of itself render him
liable to any proceedings; but in any proceedings under this Ordinance before any court any code of practice
issued under this section shall be admissible in evidence, and if any provision of such a code appears to the court
to be relevant to any question arising in the proceedings it shall be taken into account in determining that
question.

(14) In this section, sitting (會議), when used to calculate time, means the day on which the sitting commences and
only includes a sitting at which subsidiary legislation is included on the order paper.



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 29

(Enacted 1995)
_________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* For the transitional provision relating to this subsection as amended by section 20 of the Extension of

Vetting Period (Legislative Council) Ordinance 2002 (8 of 2002), see section 21 of that Ordinance.

Section: 66 Power to conduct formal investigations E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Investigations

Without prejudice to the generality of section 62(1), the Commission may if it thinks fit, and shall if required by the
Chief Secretary for Administration, conduct a formal investigation for any purpose connected with the carrying out of
any of its functions under that section.

(Amended L.N. 362 of 1997)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 67 Terms of reference E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) The Commission shall not embark on a formal investigation unless the requirements of this section have been
complied with.

(2) Terms of reference for the formal investigation shall be drawn up by the Commission or, if the Commission was
required by the Chief Secretary for Administration to conduct the investigation, by the Chief Secretary for
Administration after consulting the Commission. (Amended L.N. 362 of 1997)

(3) It shall be the duty of the Commission to give general notice of the holding of the formal investigation unless the
terms of reference confine it to activities of persons named in them, but in such a case the Commission shall in
the prescribed manner give those persons notice of the holding of the investigation.

(4) Where the terms of reference of the formal investigation confine it to activities of persons named in them and the
Commission in the course of it proposes to investigate any act made unlawful by this Ordinance which it
believes that a person so named may have done, the Commission shall-
(a) inform that person of its belief and of its proposal to investigate the act; and
(b) offer him an opportunity of making oral or written representations with regard to it (or both oral and written

representations if he thinks fit),
and a person so named who avails himself of an opportunity under this subsection of making oral representations

may be represented-
(i) by counsel or a solicitor; or
(ii) by some other person of his choice, not being a person to whom the Commission objects on the ground that

he is unsuitable.
(5) The Commission or, if the Commission was required by the Chief Secretary for Administration to conduct the

formal investigation, the Chief Secretary for Administration after consulting the Commission may from time to
time revise the terms of reference; and subsections (1), (3) and (4) shall apply to the revised investigation and
terms of reference as they applied to the original. (Amended L.N. 362 of 1997)

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 68 Power to obtain information E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) For the purposes of a formal investigation the Commission, by a notice in the prescribed form served on him in
the prescribed manner-
(a) may require any person to furnish such written information as may be described in the notice, and may

specify the time at which, and the manner and form in which, the information is to be furnished;
(b) may require any person to attend at such time and place as is specified in the notice and give oral

information about, and produce all documents in his possession or control relating to, any matter specified
in the notice.

(2) Except as provided by section 75, a notice shall be served under subsection (1) only where-
(a) service of the notice was authorized in writing by or on behalf of the Chief Secretary for Administration; or

(Amended L.N. 362 of 1997)



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 30

(b) the terms of reference of the formal investigation state that the Commission believes that a person named in
them may have done or may be doing acts of all or any of the following descriptions-
(i) unlawful discriminatory acts;
(ii) unlawful acts of harassment;
(iii) contraventions of section 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46 or 47,

and confine the investigation to those acts.
(3) A notice under subsection (1) shall not require a person-

(a) to give information, or produce any documents, which he could not be compelled to give in evidence, or
produce, in civil proceedings before the Court of First Instance; or (Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)

(b) to attend at any place unless the necessary expenses of his journey to and from that place are paid or
tendered to him.

(4) If a person fails to comply with a notice served on him under subsection (1) or the Commission has reasonable
cause to believe that he intends not to comply with it, the Commission may apply to the District Court for an
order requiring him to comply with it or with such directions for the like purpose as may be contained in the
order; and section 66A of the District Court Ordinance (Cap 336) shall apply to failure without reasonable
excuse to comply with any such order as it applies in the cases there provided.

(5) A person commits an offence if he-
(a) wilfully alters, suppresses, conceals or destroys a document which he has been required by a notice or order

under this section to produce; or
(b) in complying with such a notice or order, knowingly or recklessly makes any statement which in a material

respect is false or misleading,
and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 4.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 69 Recommendations and reports on formal investigations E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) If in the light of any of its findings in a formal investigation it appears to the Commission necessary or
expedient, whether during the course of the investigation or after its conclusion-
(a) to make to any persons, with a view to promoting equality of opportunity between persons with a disability

and persons without a disability who are affected by any of their activities, recommendations for changes in
their policies or procedures, or as to any other matters; or

(b) to make to the Chief Secretary for Administration any recommendations, whether for changes in the law or
otherwise, (Amended L.N. 362 of 1997)

the Commission shall make those recommendations accordingly.
(2) The Commission shall prepare a report of its findings in any formal investigation conducted by it.
(3) If the formal investigation is one required by the Chief Secretary for Administration-

(a) the Commission shall deliver the report to the Chief Secretary for Administration; and
(b) the Chief Secretary for Administration shall cause the report to be published in such manner as he thinks fit,

and unless required by the Chief Secretary for Administration the Commission shall not publish the report.
(Amended L.N. 362 of 1997)

(4) If the formal investigation is not one required by the Chief Secretary for Administration, the Commission shall
publish the report or make it available for inspection in accordance with subsection (5). (Amended L.N. 362 of
1997)

(5) Where under subsection (4) a report is to be made available for inspection, any person shall be entitled, on
payment of such reasonable fee, if any, as may be determined by the Commission-
(a) to inspect the report during ordinary office hours and take copies of all or any part of the report; or
(b) to obtain from the Commission a copy, certified by the Commission to be correct, of the report.

(6) The Commission may if it thinks fit determine that the right conferred by subsection (5)(a) shall be exercisable
in relation to a copy of the report instead of, or in addition to, the original.

(7) The Commission shall give general notice of the place or places where, and the times when, reports may be
inspected under subsection (5).

(Enacted 1995)




Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 31

Section: 70 Restrictions on disclosure of information E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) No information given to the Commission by any person (the informant) in connection with a formal
investigation shall be disclosed by the Commission, any member of the Commission or a committee, any
employee of the Commission, any conciliator, or any person who has been such a member, employee or
conciliator, except -
(a) on the order of any court;
(b) with the informant's consent;
(c) in the form of a summary or other general statement published by the Commission which does not identify

the informant or any other person to whom the information relates;
(d) in a report of the investigation published by the Commission or made available for inspection under section

69(5);
(e) to members of the Commission or a committee, employees of the Commission or conciliators or, so far as

may be necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the Commission, to other persons;
(f) for the purpose of any civil proceedings under this Ordinance to which the Commission is a party, or any

criminal proceedings.
(2) Any person who discloses information in contravention of subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on

conviction to a fine at level 4.
(3) In preparing any report for publication or for inspection the Commission shall exclude, so far as is consistent

with its functions and the object of the report, any matter which relates to the private affairs of any individual or
business interests of any person where the publication of that matter might, in the opinion of the Commission,
prejudicially affect that individual or person.

(Enacted 1995)

Part: 8 Enforcement E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(*Format changes—E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)

_______________________________________________________________________________
Note:
*The format of Part 8 has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Section: 71 Restrictions of proceedings for contravention of Ordinance E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


General


(1) Except as provided by this Ordinance no proceedings, whether civil or criminal, shall lie against any person in
respect of an act by reason that the act is unlawful by virtue of a provision of this Ordinance.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not preclude the making of an order of certiorari, mandamus or prohibition.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 72 Claims under Part 3 or 4 E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) A claim by or on behalf of any person (the claimant) that another person (the respondent)-
(a) has committed an act of discrimination against the claimant which is unlawful by virtue of Part 3 or 4;
(b) has committed an act of harassment against the claimant which is unlawful by virtue of Part 3 or 4;
(c) has committed an act which is unlawful by virtue of section 46; or
(d) is to be treated, by virtue of section 48 or 49, as having committed an act of discrimination or harassment

referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) against the claimant or an act referred to in paragraph (c), (Replaced 29
of 2008 s. 101)

may be made the subject of civil proceedings in like manner as any other claim in tort.
(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to a claim under section 17(1) of an act in respect of which an appeal, or

proceedings in the nature of an appeal, may be brought under any enactment.
(3) Proceedings under subsection (1) shall be brought in the District Court but all such remedies shall be obtainable

in such proceedings as, apart from this subsection and section 71(1), would be obtainable in the Court of First



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 32

Instance. (Replaced 71 of 1997 s. 12. Amended 25 of 1998 s. 2)
(4) Without limiting the generality of the power conferred by subsection (3), the District Court may-

(a) make a declaration that the respondent has engaged in conduct, or committed an act, that is unlawful under
this Ordinance, and order that the respondent shall not repeat or continue such unlawful conduct or act;

(b) order that the respondent shall perform any reasonable act or course of conduct to redress any loss or
damage suffered by the claimant;

(c) order that the respondent shall employ or re-employ the claimant;
(d) order that the respondent shall promote the claimant;
(e) order that the respondent shall pay to the claimant damages by way of compensation for any loss or damage

suffered by reason of the respondent's conduct or act;
(f) order that the respondent shall pay to the claimant punitive or exemplary damages; or
(g) make an order declaring void in whole or in part either abinitio or from such date as may be specified in the

order, any contract or agreement made in contravention of this Ordinance.
(4A) By virtue of this subsection and notwithstanding any law, the District Court shall have jurisdiction to hear and

determine any proceedings under subsection (1) and shall have all such powers as are necessary or expedient for
it to have in order to provide, grant or make any remedy, injunction or order mentioned in this Ordinance.
(Added 71 of 1997 s. 12)

(5) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that damages in respect of an unlawful act of discrimination or
harassment, or an act which is unlawful under section 46, may include compensation for injury to feelings
whether or not they include compensation under any other head.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 73 Issue of enforcement notices 18 of 2014 05/12/2014


Enforcement Notices

(1) This section applies to any act which is-

(a) an unlawful discriminatory act;
(b) an unlawful act of harassment; (Amended 18 of 2014 s. 33)
(ba) a contravention of section 41; or (Added 18 of 2014 s. 33)
(c) a contravention of section 42, 43, 44, 45, 46 or 47,

and so applies whether or not proceedings have been brought in respect of the act.
(2) If in the course of a formal investigation the Commission becomes satisfied that a person is committing, or has

committed, any acts to which this section applies, the Commission may in the prescribed manner serve on him a
notice in the prescribed form requiring him-
(a) not to commit any such acts (which may include discontinuing or changing any of his practices or other

arrangements which occasioned those acts, in particular to avoid any repetition thereof); and
(b) where compliance with paragraph (a) involves changes in any of his practices or other arrangements-

(i) to inform the Commission that he has effected those changes and what those changes are; and
(ii) to take such steps as may be reasonably required by the notice for the purpose of affording that

information to other persons concerned.
(3) An enforcement notice may also require the person on whom it is served to furnish the Commission with such

other information as may be reasonably required by the notice in order to verify that the notice has been
complied with.

(4) An enforcement notice may specify the time at which, and the manner and form in which, any information is to
be furnished to the Commission, but the time at which any information is to be furnished in compliance with the
notice shall not be later than 5 years after the notice has become final.

(5) Section 68(4) shall apply to requirements under subsections (2)(b), (3) and (4) contained in an enforcement
notice which has become final as it applies to requirements in a notice served under section 68(1).

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 74 Appeal against enforcement notice E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Not later than 45 days after an enforcement notice is served on any person he may appeal against any



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 33

requirement of the notice to the District Court.
(2) Where the District Court considers a requirement in respect of which an appeal is brought under subsection (1)

to be unreasonable because it is based on an incorrect finding of fact or for any other reason, the Court shall
quash the requirement.

(3) On quashing a requirement under subsection (2), the District Court may direct that the enforcement notice shall
be treated as if, in place of the requirement quashed, it had contained a requirement in terms specified in the
direction.

(4) Subsection (1) shall not apply to a requirement treated as included in an enforcement notice by virtue of a
direction under subsection (3).

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 75 Investigation as to compliance with enforcement notice E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) If-
(a) the terms of reference of a formal investigation state that its purpose is to determine whether any

requirements of an enforcement notice are being or have been carried out, but section 68(2)(b) does not
apply; and

(b) section 67(3) is complied with in relation to the investigation on a date (the commencement date) not later
than the expiration of the period of 5 years beginning when the enforcement notice became final,

the Commission may within the relevant period serve notices under section 68(1) for the purposes of the
investigation without needing to obtain the consent of the Chief Secretary for Administration. (Amended L.N.
362 of 1997)

(2) In subsection (1), relevant period (有關期間) means the period beginning on the commencement date and
ending on the later of the following dates-
(a) the date on which the period of 5 years referred to in subsection (1)(b) expires;
(b) the date 2 years after the commencement date.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 76 Register of enforcement notices E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) The Commission shall establish and maintain a register (the register) of enforcement notices which have
become final.

(2) Any person shall be entitled, on payment of such reasonable fee, if any, as may be determined by the
Commission-
(a) to inspect the register during ordinary office hours and take copies of any entry; or
(b) to obtain from the Commission a copy, certified by the Commission to be correct, of any entry in the

register.
(3) The Commission may, if it thinks fit, determine that the right conferred by subsection (2)(a) shall be exercisable

in relation to a copy of the register instead of, or in addition to, the original.
(4) The Commission shall give general notice of the place or places where, and the times when, the register or a

copy of it may be inspected.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 77 Persistent discrimination, harassment or vilification E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Other Enforcement by Commission

If, during the period of 5 years beginning on the date on which either of the following became final in the case of any
person, namely-

(a) an enforcement notice served on him;
(b) a finding by the District Court under section 72 that he has done an unlawful discriminatory act, an

unlawful act of harassment or acts contravening section 46 or 47,
it appears to the Commission that unless restrained he is likely to do one or more acts falling within paragraph (b), or
contravening section 41, the Commission may apply to the District Court for an injunction restraining him from doing



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 34

so; and the District Court, if satisfied that the application is well-founded, may grant the injunction in the terms
applied for or in more limited terms.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 78 Enforcement of sections 42, 43, 44 and 45 E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Proceedings in respect of a contravention of section 42, 43, 44 or 45 shall be brought only by the Commission in
accordance with the provisions of this section.

(2) The proceedings shall be-
(a) an application for a decision whether the alleged contravention occurred; or
(b) an application under subsection (4),

or both.
(3) An application under subsection (2)(a) shall be made to the District Court.
(4) If it appears to the Commission-

(a) that a person has done an act which by virtue of section 42, 43, 44 or 45 was unlawful; and
(b) that unless restrained he is likely to do further acts which by virtue of that section are unlawful,

the Commission may apply to the District Court for an injunction restraining him from doing so; and the District
Court, if satisfied that the application is well-founded, may grant the injunction in the terms applied for or in
more limited terms.

(5) Without prejudice to subsection (4), if it appears to the Commission that a person has done an act which was
unlawful by virtue of section 43, the Commission may apply to the District Court for an order imposing a
financial penalty on such person; and the District Court, if satisfied that the application is well-founded, may
make such an order.

(6) The financial penalty imposed under subsection (5) shall not exceed $10000 for the first occasion on which a
penalty is imposed, and $30000 for the second and any subsequent occasion on which a penalty is imposed in
respect of the same person.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 79 Help for aggrieved persons in obtaining information, etc. E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Help for Persons Suffering Discrimination, Harassment or Vilification

(1) With a view to helping a person (the person aggrieved) who considers he may have been discriminated against

or harassed in contravention of this Ordinance, or the subject of an unlawful act under section 46 or 47, to decide
whether to institute proceedings and, if he does so, to formulate and present his case in the most effective
manner, the Commission may prescribe-
(a) forms by which the person aggrieved may question the respondent on his reasons for doing any relevant act,

or on any other matter which is or may be relevant;
(b) forms by which the respondent may if he so wishes reply to any questions.

(2) Where the person aggrieved questions the respondent (whether or not in accordance with forms referred to in
subsection (1))-
(a) the question, and any reply by the respondent (whether or not in accordance with such a form) shall, subject

to subsections (3), (4) and (5), be admissible as evidence in the proceedings;
(b) if it appears to the District Court that the respondent deliberately, and without reasonable excuse, omitted to

reply within a reasonable period or that his reply is evasive or equivocal, the Court may draw any inference
from that fact it considers it just and equitable to draw, including an inference that he committed an
unlawful act.

(3) The Commission may-
(a) prescribe the period within which questions must be served in order to be admissible under subsection

(2)(a);
(b) prescribe the manner in which a question, and any reply by the respondent, may be served.

(4) Rules under the District Court Ordinance (Cap 336) may enable the District Court entertaining a claim under
section 72 to determine, before the date fixed for the hearing of the claim, whether a question or reply is
admissible under this section or not.

(5) This section is without prejudice to any other enactment or rule of law regulating interlocutory and preliminary



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 35

matters in proceedings before the District Court, and has effect subject to any enactment or rule of law
regulating the admissibility of evidence in such proceedings.

(6) In this section, respondent (答辯人) includes a prospective respondent.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 80 Assistance by way of conciliation E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) A person may lodge with the Commission a complaint in writing alleging that another person has done an act
which is unlawful by virtue of a provision of this Ordinance.

(2) A representative complaint may be lodged under subsection (1) in accordance with rules made under section 85.
(3) Subject to subsection (4), where a complaint is lodged under subsection (1), the Commission shall-

(a) conduct an investigation into the act the subject of the complaint; and
(b) endeavour, by conciliation, to effect a settlement of the matter to which the act relates.

(4) The Commission may decide not to conduct, or to discontinue, an investigation into an act the subject of a
complaint lodged under subsection (1) if-
(a) it is satisfied that the act is not unlawful by reason of a provision of this Ordinance;
(b) it is of the opinion that the person aggrieved by the act does not desire (or, in a case to which subsection (2)

applies, none of the persons aggrieved by the act desires) that the investigation be conducted or continued;
(c) a period of more than 12 months has elapsed beginning when the act was done;
(d) in a case to which subsection (2) applies, it determines, in accordance with rules made under section 85, that

the complaint should not be a representative complaint; or
(e) it is of the opinion that the complaint is frivolous, vexatious, misconceived or lacking in substance.

(5) Where the Commission decides not to conduct, or to discontinue, an investigation into an act the subject of a
complaint lodged under subsection (1), it shall by notice served on the person who lodged the complaint advise
him of-
(a) that decision; and
(b) the reasons for that decision.

(6) Evidence of anything said or done by any person in the course of conciliation under this section (including
anything said or done at any conference held for the purposes of such conciliation) is not admissible in evidence
in any proceedings under this Ordinance except with the consent of that person.

(7) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that subsection (6) shall not apply where-
(a) a complaint is lodged under subsection (1); and
(b) a settlement has been effected of the matter to which the act the subject of the complaint relates.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 81 Assistance other than by way of conciliation E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Where a complaint has been lodged under section 80(1) but, for whatever reason, there has not been a settlement
of the matter to which the act the subject of the complaint relates, then any person who may institute proceedings
under this Ordinance in respect of that act may make an application to the Commission for assistance in respect
of those proceedings.

(2) The Commission shall consider an application under subsection (1) and may grant it if it thinks fit to do so, in
particular where-
(a) the case raises a question of principle; or
(b) it is unreasonable, having regard to the complexity of the case or the applicant's position in relation to the

respondent or another person involved or any other matter, to expect the applicant to deal with the case
unaided.

(3) Assistance by the Commission under this section may include-
(a) giving advice;
(b) arranging for the giving of advice or assistance by a solicitor or counsel;
(c) arranging for representation by any person including all such assistance as is usually given by a solicitor or

counsel in the steps preliminary or incidental to any proceedings, or in arriving at or giving effect to a
compromise to avoid or bring to an end any proceedings;

(d) any other form of assistance which the Commission may consider appropriate,



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 36

but paragraph (c) shall not affect the law and practice regulating the descriptions of persons who may appear in,
conduct, defend and address a court in, any proceedings except to the extent permitted under rules made in
accordance with section 73C of the District Court Ordinance (Cap 336).

(4) In so far as expenses are incurred by the Commission in providing the applicant with assistance under this
section the recovery of those expenses (as taxed or assessed in such manner as may be prescribed by relevant
rules) shall constitute a first charge for the benefit of the Commission-
(a) on any costs or expenses which (whether by virtue of a judgment or order of the District Court or an

agreement or otherwise) are payable to the applicant by any other person in respect of the matter in
connection with which the assistance is given; and

(b) so far as relates to any costs or expenses, on his rights under any compromise or settlement arrived at in
connection with that matter to avoid or bring to an end any proceedings.

(5) The charge conferred by subsection (4) shall be subject to any charge under the Legal Aid Ordinance (Cap 91)
and to any provision in that Ordinance for payment of any sum into the Supplementary Legal Aid Fund
established under that Ordinance.

(6) In this section-
relevant rules (有關規則) means any rules made under the District Court Ordinance (Cap 336);
respondent (答辯人) includes a prospective respondent.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 82 Period within which proceedings to be brought E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Period within which Proceedings to be Brought

(1) The District Court shall not consider a claim under section 72 unless proceedings in respect of the claim are

instituted before the end of the period of 24 months beginning-
(a) when the act complained of was done; or
(b) if there is a relevant report in relation to that act, with the day on which the report is published or made

available for inspection under section 69,
whichever is the later.
(2) The District Court shall not consider an application under-

(a) section 78(2)(a) unless it is made before the end of the period of 24 months beginning when the act to
which it relates was done;

(b) section 78(4) unless it is made before the end of the period of 5 years so beginning.
(2A) For the purposes of determining the period under subsection (1) within which proceedings may be brought,

where an act to which the claim relates was the subject of a complaint lodged under section 80(1), then the
period that elapsed between the date when the complaint was lodged and the date when the complaint was
disposed of under section 80(3) or (4), as certified in writing by the Commission, shall be disregarded. (Added
71 of 1997 s. 13. Amended 29 of 2008 s. 102)

(3) Notwithstanding subsections (1) and (2), the District Court may consider any claim or application which is out
of time if, in all the circumstances of the case, it considers that it is just and equitable to do so.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (3), the circumstances of the case include, in relation to any claim, whether the
act to which the claim relates was the subject of a complaint lodged under section 80(1) and, if so, the period
that elapsed between when the act was done and when that complaint was so lodged.

(5) For the purposes of this section-
(a) where the inclusion of any term in a contract renders the making of the contract an unlawful act, that act

shall be treated as extending throughout the duration of the contract;
(b) any act extending over a period shall be treated as done at the end of that period; and
(c) a deliberate omission shall be treated as done when the person concerned decided upon it,

and, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, a person shall be taken for the purposes of this section to decide
upon an omission when he does an act inconsistent with doing the omitted act or, if he has done no such
inconsistent act, when the period expires within which he might reasonably have been expected to do the omitted
act if it was to be done.

(6) The Chief Executive in Council may, by notice in the Gazette, amend subsection (1) by substituting a longer
period for the period specified in that subsection. (Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 37

(7) In this section, relevant report (有關報告), in relation to an act referred to in subsection (1), means a report-
(a) published or made available for inspection under section 69; and
(b) from which it can reasonably be construed (and whether or not the report mentions, or was in any way

prepared in consequence of, the act) that the Commission is of the opinion that the act, or the class of acts to
which the act belongs, is unlawful under a provision of Part 3, 4 or 5.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Part: 9 Miscellaneous E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(*Format changes—E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)

_______________________________________________________________________________
Note:
*The format of Part 9 has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Section: 83 Validity and revision of contracts E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) A term of a contract is void where-
(a) its inclusion renders the making of the contract unlawful by virtue of this Ordinance;
(b) it is included in furtherance of an act rendered unlawful by this Ordinance; or
(c) it provides for the doing of an act which would be rendered unlawful by this Ordinance.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to a term the inclusion of which constitutes, or is in furtherance of, or provides
for, unlawful discrimination against a party to the contract, but the term shall be unenforceable against that party.

(3) A term in a contract which purports to exclude or limit any provision of this Ordinance is unenforceable by any
person in whose favour the term would operate apart from this subsection.

(4) Subsection (3) shall not apply to a contract settling a claim to which section 72 applies.
(5) On the application of any person interested in a contract to which subsection (2) applies, the District Court may

make such order as it thinks just for removing or modifying any term made unenforceable by that subsection; but
such an order shall not be made unless all persons affected have been given notice of the application (except
where under rules made under the District Court Ordinance (Cap 336) notice may be dispensed with) and have
been afforded an opportunity to make representations to the Court.

(6) An order under subsection (5) may include provision as respects any period before the making of the order.
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 84 Building approvals E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) Notwithstanding any provision in any other Ordinance (whether enacted before or after the commencement of
this Ordinance) but subject to subsection (3), a public authority which has the power to approve building works
shall not, in respect of those works, approve building plans, whether for a new building or for the alterations or
additions to an existing building unless the person seeking approval satisfies the public authority that such access
as is reasonable in the circumstances to the building or premises will be provided for persons with a disability.

(2) In considering whether reasonable access will be provided under subsection (1), the public authority may take
into account-
(a) whether it is practicable to provide such access within the curtilage of the building, bearing in mind the

physical location and immediate environs of the building; and
(b) whether providing such access would impose unjustifiable hardship on the person seeking approval or on

any other person.
(3) Subsection (1) has no application to-

(a) buildings of 13 m or less in height above ground level which are used, or intended to be used, for
occupation by a single family; or

(b) temporary buildings or contractor's sheds referred to in Part VII of the Building (Planning) Regulations
(Cap 123 sub. leg. F).

(4) In this section, public authority (公共主管當局) includes-



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 38

(a) the Director of Lands;
(b) the Building Authority;
(c) the Housing Authority;
(d) the Director of Architectural Services.

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 85 Rules E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(1) The Commission may make rules-
(a) to enable the Commission to make any arrangements necessary to assist any person with a disability to

attend before it and provide information pursuant to section 68;
(b) prescribing the persons, or persons belonging to a class of persons, who may lodge a representative

complaint under section 80(1);
(c) prescribing the matters to be taken into account by the Commission for the purposes of a determination

under section 80(4)(d);
(d) to enable the Commission to require such persons, or persons belonging to such class of persons, as are

specified in the rules to furnish information to the Commission for the purposes of section 80;
(e) restricting the disclosure of any information referred to in paragraph (d) furnished to the Commission;
(f) to enable the Commission to direct persons to attend any conference held for the purposes of section 80;
(g) regulating the procedure of any conference held for the purposes of section 80;
(h) prescribing any other thing that is required or permitted to be prescribed under this Ordinance.

(2) Any rules made under subsection (1) may-
(a) make different provisions for different circumstances and provide for a particular case or class of cases;
(b) be made so as to apply only in such circumstances as are prescribed by the rules;
(c) specify forms for the purposes of the rules;
(d) be made generally for the better or more effectual carrying out of the provisions of this Ordinance,

including incidental, consequential, evidential and supplemental provisions.
(3) Any rules made under this section may prescribe offences in respect of contraventions of the rules, and may

provide for the imposition of a fine not exceeding level 4 and of imprisonment for a period not exceeding 2
years.

(Enacted 1995)

Section: 86 Regulations to empower Commission to bring certain

proceedings
E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013



Remarks:
For the saving and transitional provisions relating to the amendments made by the Resolution of the Legislative
Council (L.N. 130 of 2007), see paragraph (12) of that Resolution.


(1) The Secretary for Labour and Welfare may make regulations- (Amended L.N. 106 of 2002; L.N. 130 of 2007)

(a) where any person may bring proceedings under section 72(1) but has not done so, empowering the
Commission, in such circumstances as are specified in the regulations, to bring and maintain those
proceedings as if the Commission were that person;

(b) specifying which of the remedies referred to in section 72(3) shall be obtainable by the Commission in any
such proceedings;

(c) for the purposes of enabling the Commission to bring and maintain any such proceedings (including any
related purposes), specifying modifications to which any provisions of this Ordinance (including any
subsidiary legislation) shall be read.

(2) Any regulations made under this section shall be subject to the approval of the Legislative Council.
(3) This section is without prejudice to the Commission's power to bring proceedings by way of judicial review, in

relation to this Ordinance or any other law, pursuant to its functions under section 62(1). (Added 71 of 1997 s.
14)

(Enacted 1995)




Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 39

Section: 87 Amendment of Schedules E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


Remarks:
For the saving and transitional provisions relating to the amendments made by the Resolution of the Legislative
Council (L.N. 130 of 2007), see paragraph (12) of that Resolution.


(1) The Secretary for Labour and Welfare may, by notice in the Gazette, amend Schedule 1 or 2. (Amended L.N.

106 of 2002; L.N. 130 of 2007)
(2) The Chief Executive in Council may, by notice in the Gazette, amend Schedule 3, 4 or 5 but any notice to amend

Schedule 5 shall be subject to the approval of the Legislative Council. (Amended 66 of 1999 s. 3)
(Enacted 1995)


Section: 88 (Omitted as spent—E.R. 1 of 2013) E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013




Schedule: 1 Persons Specified ad Carers E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


[sections 2 & 87]


(Format changes—E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Enacted 1995)


Schedule: 2 Devices or Aids Specified as Palliative or Therapeutic

Devices or Auxiliary Aids
E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013



[sections 2, 63 & 87]


Item Description of device or aid (including trade
or manufacturer's name if applicable)


1. Optacon reading aid for persons with visual impairment


2. Braille writing device


3. Low vision aid


4. Hearing aid


5. A telecommunications device for persons with hearing impairment


6. Wheelchair or buggy


7. Prosthesis


8. Orthosis


9. Walking aid


10. Aid for dialysis therapy


11. Speech aid


12. Oxygen unit





Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 40

13. Aid for any activities of a personal nature, including a feeding aid and an aid in respect of toilet needs


14. Urinary bag


15. Stoma bag
(Format changes—E.R. 1 of 2013)

(Enacted 1995)

Schedule: 3 Provisions Specified for Purposes of Section 12(3)(c) E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


[sections 12, 57, 63 & 87]


(Format changes—E.R. 2 of 2012)
(Enacted 1995)


Schedule: 4 Discrimination to which Sections 26(1) and 28 shall not

Apply
E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013



[sections 32 & 87]


Provision creating illegality Exception
Part 3 Sections 11(3), 12(1)(b) and 19(3)

(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)
(Format changes—E.R. 2 of 2012)

(Enacted 1995)

Schedule: 5 Further Exceptions to this Ordinance L.N. 4 of 2015 09/01/2015


[sections 60, 63 & 87]


Provision creating illegality


Exception

1. Part 3 Only a person who holds a valid Registration Card for People with
Disabilities issued by the Central Registry for Rehabilitation established by
the Government being allowed to have his or her degree of productivity
assessed under Schedule 2 to the Minimum Wage Ordinance (Cap 608).
(Added 15 of 2010 s. 24)


2. Part 3 An employer, in accordance with the Minimum Wage Ordinance (Cap 608),
paying a minimum wage to a person with a disability that is less than that
payable to a person without such a disability. (Added 15 of 2010 s. 24)


3. Part 3 An employer dismissing a person with a disability on account of the outcome
of an assessment made under Schedule 2 to the Minimum Wage Ordinance
(Cap 608). (Added 15 of 2010 s. 24)


4. Parts 4 and 5 Providing fare concessions to persons—
(a) who—
(i) receive assistance under the Comprehensive Social Security

Assistance Scheme administered by the Director of Social
Welfare; and

(ii) are medically certified under the Scheme to be 100% disabled
for the purposes of the Scheme; or

(b) who receive an allowance described as Disability Allowance under



Cap 487 - Disability Discrimination Ordinance 41

the Social Security Allowance Scheme administered by the
Director of Social Welfare,

in respect of—
(c) a public transport service operated by the MTR Corporation

Limited;
(d) a public transport service operated by a company pursuant to a

franchise granted under section 5 of the Public Bus Services
Ordinance (Cap 230); (Amended L.N. 4 of 2015)

(e) a public transport service operated by a company or person
pursuant to a franchise or licence granted under section 6 or 28 of
the Ferry Services Ordinance (Cap 104); or (Added L.N. 223 of
2009. Amended 15 of 2010 s. 24; L.N. 131 of 2012; L.N. 4 of
2015)

(f) a public transport service operated by a person pursuant to a
passenger service licence issued under section 27 of the Road
Traffic Ordinance (Cap 374) in respect of a public light bus which
is on a scheduled service (as defined by regulation 2(1) of the Road
Traffic (Public Service Vehicles) Regulations (Cap 374 sub. leg.
D)). (Added L.N. 4 of 2015)


(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)

(Format changes—E.R. 2 of 2012)
(Enacted 1995)


Schedule: 6 (Omitted as spent—E.R. 2 of 2012) E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012

Related Laws