Public Water Supply And Sewerage Act


Published: 2014-07-01

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Public Water Supply and Sewerage Act

Passed 10.02.1999
RT I 1999, 25, 363
Entry into force 22.03.1999
Amended by the following legal instruments (show)

Passed
Published
Entry into force

04.05.2000
RT I 2000, 39, 238
26.05.2000

12.12.2000
RT I 2000, 102, 670
01.01.2001

13.12.2001
RT I 2001, 102, 668
10.01.2002

24.04.2002
RT I 2002, 41, 251
27.05.2002

19.06.2002
RT I 2002, 61, 375
01.08.2002

19.06.2002
RT I 2002, 63, 387
01.09.2002

15.01.2003
RT I 2003, 13, 64
01.07.2003

08.06.2005
RT I 2005, 37, 280
10.07.2005, 01.01.2006

18.12.2008
RT I 2009, 3, 15
01.02.2009

15.06.2009
RT I 2009, 39, 262
24.07.2009

30.09.2009
RT I 2009, 49, 331
01.01.2010

22.04.2010
RT I 2010, 22, 108
01.01.2011, enters into force on the date which has been determined in the Decision of the Council of the European Union regarding the abrogation of the derogation established in respect of the Republic of Estonia on the basis provided for in Article 140 (2) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, Council Decision 2010/416/EU of 13 July 2010 (OJ L 196, 28.07.2010, p. 24 - 26).

03.08.2010
RT I 2010, 56, 363
01.11.2010, partially 1.01.2011

23.02.2011
RT I, 25.03.2011, 1
01.01.2014; entry into force postponed to 01.07.2014 [RT I, 22.12.2013, 1]

19.06.2013
RT I, 05.07.2013, 1
15.07.2013

05.12.2013
RT I, 22.12.2013, 1
01.01.2014

§ 1.  Scope of application of Act

(1) This Act regulates the organisation of supply of registered immovables with water and the leading off and treatment of waste water of the registered immovables, rain water, drainage water and other soil and surface water through the public water supply and sewerage system, and provides for the rights and obligations of the state, local governments, water undertakings and clients.
(11) In this Act, the term "registered immovable" is used with the same meaning as provided for in clauses 51 1) and 2) of the Land Register Act.
(2) The provisions of this Act apply on equal bases to land used on the basis of the right of superficies, to land belonging to structures which are movables and to registered immovables.
(3) The provisions of this Act do not apply to public water supply and sewerage systems intended for manufacturing purposes only.
(4) The provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act apply to administrative proceedings prescribed in this Act, taking account of the specifications provided for in this Act.
[RT I 2005, 37, 280 - entry into force 10.07.2005; 1.01.2006]

§ 2.  Public water supply and sewerage system

(1) "Public water supply and sewerage system" means a system of structures and equipment by which registered immovables are supplied with water and by which waste water is led off and which is administered by a water undertaking or serving more than 50 persons. Public water supply and public sewerage system separately or both together are deemed to be public water supply and sewerage system.
(2) Structures and equipment for leading off rain water, drainage water and other soil and surface water are deemed to be part of a public water supply and sewerage system unless the local government decides otherwise.
(3) A public water supply and sewerage system may be in the ownership of a person in public law or a person in private law. The provisions of § 158 of the Law of Property Act apply to public water supply and sewerage systems.
[RT I 2005, 37, 280 - entry into force 01.01.2006]

§ 3.  Extent of public water supply and sewerage system

(1) The boundary between a public water supply and sewerage system and the water supply and sewerage facilities of a registered immovable is determined by the supply point.
(2) A supply point is the connection point between a public water supply and sewerage system and the water supply and sewerage facilities of a registered immovable designated by the owner or possessor of the public water supply and sewerage system. A supply point shall be situated on public land up to one metre outside the boundary of a registered immovable. A supply point is an essential part of a public water supply and sewerage system. If the supply point cannot be designated under the conditions specified above, the supply point shall be designated with the agreement of the owner or possessor of the public water supply and sewerage system and the owner or possessor of the registered immovable.
(3) A supply point between a public sewerage system and structures for leading off rain water, drainage water and other soil and surface water from public roads, streets and squares is determined on the basis of the rules for connection to the public water supply and sewerage system approved by the local government council.
[RT I 2005, 37, 280 - entry into force 01.01.2006]

§ 31.  Protected zone of public water supply and sewerage system

(1) Protected zone of public water supply and sewerage system is the land, air space or body of water surrounding the structures of public water supply and sewerage system, in which the use of the immovable has been restricted in order to ensure the protection and safety of the structures of public water supply and sewerage system.
(2) In a protection zone for public water supply and sewerage system, activities which may damage the structures of public water supply and sewerage system shall be avoided and this includes:
1) prevention of access to the structures of public water supply and sewerage system, and the planting of trees;
2) construction, storing of materials and performing of blasting, drilling, excavation, pile, extraction, filling, flooding or land drainage operations, and lifting operations near structures, without the permission of the owner of the public water supply and sewerage system;
3) to perform dredging operations or soil-removal work, sink solid substances, moor water craft, or drag anchors, chains, logs, trawls or nets near the structures of the public water supply and sewerage system located in a water body.
(3) The Minister of the Environment shall establish by a regulation the extent of a protection zone for public water supply and sewerage system on the basis of the purpose, location, installation depth and diameter of the structure.
[RT I 2005, 37, 280 - entry into force 01.01.2006]

§ 4.  Construction and development of public water supply and sewerage system

(1) A public water supply and sewerage system shall be constructed on the basis of a public water supply and sewerage development plan approved by the local government council. If a local government does not have a public water supply and sewerage development plan, the public water supply and sewerage system may be constructed on the basis of a detailed plan until such development plan is prepared, on the condition that the detailed plan includes the requirements provided for in subsection (2) of this section.
(11) A local government shall administer the preparation of a public water supply and sewerage development plan.
(2) A public water supply and sewerage development plan shall be prepared for a period of at least twelve years. The plan shall be reviewed at least once every four years and it shall be revised, if necessary. The plan shall be amended such that the duration of the specified period is again at least twelve years and the revised plan shall be re-approved. A plan shall include at least the following:
1) maps of the areas serviced by the public water supply and of waste water collection areas;
2) the basic scheme of dimensioned water and sewerage facilities, including the basic scheme of the rain water, drainage water and other soil and surface water runoff facilities of waste water collection areas;
3) the schedule of development measures of public water supply and sewerage system and the estimated value thereof.
(21) A basic scheme of dimensioned water and sewerage facilities shall include at least the following:
1) locations of water sources and water intakes and pumping station and purification facilities, the extent and description of sanitary protection zones and pressure zones;
2) solutions for extraction of fire fighting water and water abstraction points;
3) description of sewerage systems, locations and clearances of overflow, pumping station and purification facilities and septic sludge receiving stations and outlets.
(22) Waste water collection area is an area with enough residents or economic activity for waste water to be collected in a waste water treatment plant through a sewerage system or to be discharged to a recipient. Waste water collection area is delimited on the basis of the Water Act.
(23) A public water supply and sewerage development plan shall be in accordance with the water management plan of the sub-river basin.
(24) A public water supply and sewerage development plan shall be co-ordinated with the Environmental Board and the Health Board before approval.
[RT I 2009, 49, 331 - entry into force 01.01.2010]
(3) The area of a public water supply and sewerage system in the administrative territories of several local governments, and the terms of use of such public water supply and sewerage system shall be determined by a contract under public law between the local governments.
(4) The owner or possessor of a public water supply and sewerage system shall develop the system in the area serviced by the public water supply and sewerage system in a manner which ensures that all the registered immovables in the area are supplied with water from the public water supply and that waste water is led off from the registered immovables to the public sewerage system.
(5) A public water supply and sewerage development plan is the basis for the development of the public water supply and sewerage system if the development is co-financed from the state budget or from a loan guaranteed by the state.
[RT I 2005, 37, 280 - entry into force 10.07.2005; 1.01.2006]

§ 5.  Connection to public water supply and sewerage system

(1) The owner or possessor of a public water supply and sewerage system shall permit connection of the water supply facilities of registered immovables to the public water supply and of the sewerage facilities of registered immovables to the public sewerage system under the conditions provided by this Act and legislation established on the basis thereof.
(2) The water supply and sewerage facilities of a registered immovable shall be connected to a public water supply and sewerage system on the application of the owner or possessor of the water supply and sewerage facilities of the registered immovable and on the basis of a contract entered into by the owner or possessor of the registered immovable and the owner or possessor of the public water supply and sewerage system.
(21) The contract specified in subsection (2) of this section (hereinafter subscription contract) shall be entered into pursuant to the rules for connection to the public water supply and sewerage system. The rules shall be approved by the local government council and shall include:
1) the requirements set for applications for connection and the term and procedure for reviewing applications for connection;
2) the requirements set for the conditions of connection and the subscription contracts of registered immovables and the projects of water supply and sewerage facilities of registered immovables;
3) [repealed - RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]
4) the procedure for payment of connection charges.
(3) A person authorised by a decision of the local government council has the right to verify that the water supply and sewerage facilities of a registered immovable which are to be connected to a public water supply and sewerage system conform to the requirements.
(4) An application for connection shall be denied if:
1) the applicant's need for water cannot be satisfied from the public water supply without impairing the proper functioning thereof;
2) the applicant wants to conduct waste water to the public sewerage system, but the content of hazardous substances of the waste water does not comply with the requirements;
3) the amount of waste water of the applicant cannot be conducted to the public sewerage system without damaging the system.
(5) The owner or possessor of a public water supply and sewerage system shall justify any denial of an application for connection submitted by the owner or possessor of a registered immovable in writing within thirty days as of the receipt of the application for connection.
[RT I 2005, 37, 280 - entry into force 10.07.2005; 1.01.2006]
(6) [Repealed - RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]

§ 6.  Charges for connection to public water supply and sewerage system

(1) The water undertaking appointed by the local government council has the right to collect justified connection charges from the parties connected to the public water supply and sewerage system, taking account of the provisions of this Act.
(2) The size of connection charges shall be calculated by the water undertaking based on the methodology for calculating connection charges. The Competition Authority or the local government has the right, pursuant to their competence, to verify the size of connection charges and whether the connection charges are reasoned and comply with the methodology.
(3) A water undertaking shall compile the methodology for calculating connection charges in conformity with the provisions of this section. If the licensed territory of a water undertaking is situated in the waste water collection area with pollution load of less than 2000 population equivalent or outside a waste water collection area, the water company shall co-ordinate the methodology with the local government. If the licensed territory of a water undertaking is situated in the waste water collection area with pollution load of 2000 population equivalent or more, the water company shall co-ordinate the methodology with the Competition Authority. A water company shall disclose the methodology for calculating connection charges after obtaining the approval.
(4) If the licensed territory of a water company is situated in the waste water collection areas with pollution loads of both less than and more than 2000 population equivalent and the same methodology for calculating connection charges are used in these territories, the methods specified in subsection (3) of this section shall be co-ordinated with the Competition Authority in respect of all waste water collection areas.
(5) The provisions of subsections 142 (3)-(13) of this Act apply to the co-ordination of the methodology for calculating connection charges.
(6) Connection charges shall ensure:
1) the development of the public water supply and sewerage system, including rain water pipes, pursuant to the public water supply and sewerage development plan in the particular development area, except development in the area specified in clause 14 (2) 6) of this Act;
2) the connecting of water supply and sewerage facilities of a registered immovable to a public water supply and sewerage system and the connecting of the system for leading off rain water, drainage water and other soil and surface water of a registered immovable, if the registered immovable has one, to rain water pipes.
(7) If the public water supply and sewerage system, including rain water pipes, is being developed outside the public water supply and sewerage development plan on the basis of an application by a party connected or a third party and upon agreement with the water company and the owner of the public water supply and sewerage system, the expenses for such development and connection shall be covered to the full extent by the applicant.
(8) The expenses incurred as grant aid in constructing the public water supply and sewerage system shall be deducted from the connection charges and this must be reflected in the methodology for calculating connection charges.
(9) Connection charges may be collected only to the extent of the expenses which are incurred by the water undertaking and are necessary for connecting the water supply and sewerage facilities of a registered immovable to the public water supply and sewerage system, taking into consideration the specification provided for in clause (6) 1) of this section.
(10) Repeated or additional connection charges shall not be charged for connecting the water supply and sewerage facilities of a registered immovable to the public water supply and sewerage system even if the location or technical solution of the supply point of the water supply and sewerage facilities of the registered immovable and the public water supply and sewerage system changes due to development activities of the water undertaking or if a new water undertaking begins to serve the territory or if the owner of the public water supply and sewerage system changes.
(11) Upon reconstructing the water supply and sewerage facilities of a registered immovable or upon a change in the owner of a registered immovable, connection charges shall not be collected from the owner or possessor of the water supply and sewerage facilities of the registered immovable, unless amendment of the conditions for connection causes additional expenses for the water undertaking.
(12) A water undertaking has the right to demand additional connection charges from a client in the case of amendment of the conditions for connection of the water supply or sewerage facilities of a registered immovable of the client if this is done at the initiative of the client and the water undertaking incurs additional expenses thereby.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]

§ 61.  Set-off of connection charges

If a public water supply or sewerage system has been constructed only for the water company's client who has paid the connection charges to the full extent of the expenses incurred in connection because the water undertaking was not aware of any additional parties to be connected in the territory and additional clients connect to such public water supply and sewerage system within seven years, the water undertaking shall, within three months after the connecting of each new client, make a set-off for the parties connected that have previously paid the connection charges, pursuant to the expenses incurred in connection and the number of new clients connected to the public water supply or sewerage system and taking account of depreciation of fixed assets of the public water supply or sewerage system. The specified principle shall also be included in the methodology for calculating connection charges.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]

§ 7.  Water undertaking

(1) For the purposes of this Act, "water undertaking" means a legal person in private law who supplies the water supply facilities of a registered immovable of a client through the public water supply system with water or organises leading off from the sewerage facilities of a registered immovable of a client and treatment of waste water, rain water, drainage water and other soil and surface water.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]
(11) A water undertaking shall be a provider of the vital services specified in clause 34 (9) 3) of the Emergency Act if:
1) there is a public water supply system serving a high density area with a population of 40,000 or more people in the licensed territory of the water undertaking or
2) waste water is being led off to a water treatment plant with a pollution load of more than 2000 population equivalent administered by the water undertaking.
[RT I 2009, 39, 262 - entry into force 24.07.2009]
(12) A water undertaking shall be the provider of services of general interest within the meaning of the General Part of the Economic Activities Code Act.
[RT I, 25.03.2011, 1 - entry into force 01.07.2014 (entry into force postponed RT I, 22.12.2013, 1)]
(2) If a public water supply and sewerage system is in the ownership of a local government ownership, a water undertaking shall be appointed by a decision of the local government council on the basis of the provisions of subsection 14 (2) of the Competition Act.
(21) If the public water supply and sewerage system is in the ownership of a legal person in private law, the owner of the public water supply and sewerage system shall submit a proposal for appointing a water undertaking which shall be approved by the local government council.
(3) The licensed territory of a water undertaking shall be established by a decision of the local government council.
(4) Until the appointment of a water undertaking and the establishment of the licensed territory thereof pursuant to this section, the undertaking which has provided the services of supplying water and leading off waste water via the public water supply and sewerage system thus far is required to continue its activities until the date specified in the contract.
[RT I 2005, 37, 280 - entry into force 10.07.2005; 1.01.2006]
(5) If a person has not been appointed as a water undertaking pursuant to the procedure provided for in this Act, but the activity of the person complies with the provisions of subsection (1) of this section and the water supply or sewerage system in the ownership or possession of the person complies with the definition of the public water supply and sewerage system specified in subsection 2 (1) of this Act, the requirements and obligations provided for water undertakings in this Act apply to such person.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]
(6) A water undertaking shall, at least twelve months before suspending or terminating the offering of the services of public water supply and sewerage system, notify the local government and the Competition Authority in writing of the time schedule for suspension or termination and submit an overview of measures ensuring the performance of the requirements arising from this Act and the contracts entered into with the local government.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]
(7) Termination or suspension of activities is permitted only if the performance of the obligations of the water undertaking arising from this Act and the contracts entered into with the local government is ensured by another water undertaking appointed by the local government council or if the performance of the obligations of the water undertaking is ensured in another manner and the Competition Authority approves it.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]

§ 71.  Disclosure of management report of water undertaking

(1) For the purpose of disclosing the activities and ensuring the transparency of a water undertaking, the water undertakings shall disclose a report on their own website or on that of the local government once a year within thirty days after approval thereof by the water undertaking.
(2) The report specified in subsection (1) of this section shall include a summary of the annual report and an overview of investments made in the past year, of drinking water quality, of waste water treatment, of future developments and of planned investments for developing the public water supply and sewerage system.
(3) The requirements of this section do not release a water undertaking from compliance with the obligations of a holder of information provided by law.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]

§ 72.  Special requirement concerning accounting

(1) In addition to compliance with the requirement provided in § 181 of the Competition Act a water undertaking must keep separate accounts of the expenses in terms of the following activities:
1) supplying of water;
2) leading off and treatment of waste water;
3) leading off of rain water, drainage water and other soil and surface water;
4) providing of extra services related to the activities specified in clauses 1)-3) of this subsection;
5) connection charges for connection to the public water supply and sewerage system;
6) other activities.
[RT I, 05.07.2013, 1 - entry into force 15.07.2013]
(2) Any assets acquired by grant aid must be specified separately under the expenses specified in clauses 1)-4) of subsection (1) of this section.
(3) If services are provided to a client or another water undertaking in the territory of several local governments, the water undertaking must keep separate accounts in terms of the different local governments in accordance with the provisions of subsection (1) of this section unless otherwise agreed by the local governments.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]

§ 8.  Extraction of water from public water supply and conducting waste water to public sewerage system

(1) For the purposes of this Act, "client of a water undertaking" means the owner or possessor of a registered immovable, a user of land on the basis of the right of superficies, or the owner or possessor of a structure which is a movable, on whose registered immovable the water supply or sewerage facilities are connected to a public water supply and sewerage system through a corresponding piping connection and with whom the water undertaking has entered into a contract for abstraction of water from the public water supply or for discharge of waste waters.
(2) In an area covered by a public water supply and sewerage system, clients have the right to receive water from the public water supply and conduct waste water to the public sewerage system.
(3) Water shall be extracted from a public water supply and waste water shall be conducted to a public sewerage system on the basis of a contract between a client and a water undertaking.
(4) A contract specified in subsection (3) of this section shall be entered into pursuant to the rules on use of the public water supply and sewerage systems. The rules shall be approved by the local government council and it shall include:
1) the procedure for measuring the water to be abstracted and for calculating the waste water:
2) the limit values for pollutants in the waste water and rain water discharged to the public sewerage system such that the waste water discharged from the public sewerage system conforms to the requirements established on the basis of the Water Act and the waste water discharged to the public sewerage system does not damage the functioning of the public sewerage system;
3) the procedure for checking the pollutant content;
4) the procedure for payment for the service of supply of water and sewerage;
5) the definition of water abstracted without authorisation and of waste water, rain water, drainage water and other soil and surface water discharged without authorisation and the procedure for determining the volume and cost thereof;
6) the procedure for interruption and restoration of the supply of water and the reception of waste water and rain water;
7) the procedure for restriction or suspension of supplying water and leading off waste water in the case of damage to or an accident in the public water supply and sewerage system;
8) the minimum permitted limit value of water pressure at the point of connection to the public water supply depending on the overall height of buildings;
9) the maximum permitted limit value of headwater level at the point of connection to the public sewerage system.
(41) A case in which the water undertaking and the client have not entered into a written contract but the water undertaking regularly submits invoices to the client for the water consumed or the waste water discharged and the client has paid the invoices in a timely manner shall not be deemed to be the reason for interruption of the supply of water and the reception of waste water and rain water specified in clause (4) 6) of this section.
(5) If land is in common ownership, a written contract for abstraction of water of a public water supply or discharging waste water to the public sewerage system shall be entered into on the basis of a decision of a majority of the co-owners with their authorised representative pursuant to § 72 of the Law of Property Act. The corresponding water undertaking shall be one party to the contract and all co-owners of the registered immovable through an authorised representative shall be the other party.
(6) Water undertakings are required to accept from clients the waste water in which the concentrations of pollutants do not exceed the limit values established by the rules on use of the public water supply and sewerage systems, and the waste water for which limit values for pollutants have not been established by the specified rules but which does not damage the public water supply and sewerage system and does not cause disturbances in the purification process.
[RT I 2005, 37, 280 - entry into force 10.07.2005; 1.01.2006]

§ 9.  Use of public water supply and sewerage system in public interest

(1) Extraction of fire fighting water from fire hydrants in the public water supply system and extraction of water from public water extraction points are governed by a contract under public law entered into between the water undertaking and the rural municipality or city government.
(2) The rural municipality or city government shall enter into a contract with the water undertaking concerning the conduct of rain water, drainage water and other soil and surface water from public roads, streets and squares to the public sewerage system and treatment thereof.
[RT I 2005, 37, 280 - entry into force 01.01.2006]

§ 10.  Maintenance of public water supply and sewerage system

(1) In its licensed territory, a water undertaking shall ensure the functioning and maintenance of the public water supply and sewerage system pursuant to the rules on use of the public water supply and sewerage system and a contract under public law entered into between the rural municipality or city government and the water undertaking.
(2) The requirements concerning hazardous substances conducted to the public sewerage system shall be established by a regulation of the Minister of the Environment.
(3) During elimination of damage caused by force majeure or an accident in the public water supply and sewerage system, a water undertaking has the right to restrict or suspend the supply of water from the public water supply to clients or the conduct of waste water to the public sewerage system pursuant to the procedure provided by the rules on use of the public water supply and sewerage system.
[RT I 2005, 37, 280 - entry into force 10.07.2005]

§ 11.  Water supply and sewerage facilities of registered immovables and maintenance and supervision thereof

(1) "Water supply and sewerage facilities of a registered immovable" means a system of structures and equipment for supplying an immovable with water from the public water supply and conducting waste water to the public sewerage system. The water supply and sewerage facilities of a registered immovable are not part of the public water supply and sewerage system.
(2) A client shall maintain the water supply and sewerage facilities of a registered immovable connected to a public water supply and sewerage system such that they do not damage the public water supply and sewerage system or hinder the provision of services.
(3) The owner of the water supply and sewerage facilities of a registered immovable shall permit the installation of water meters in the water supply facilities of the registered immovable and ensure the functioning and preservation of the water meters pursuant to the procedure and under the conditions provided by law and under the rules on use of the public water supply and sewerage system.
(4) The owner of the water supply and sewerage facilities of a registered immovable shall permit a person authorised by a decision of the local government council to verify compliance with the requirements provided for in subsection 5 (3) of this Act and in subsections (2) and (3) of this section.
(5) The sewerage facilities of registered immovables shall have protection equipment for the prevention of floods at the waste water and rain water runoffs and the drainage water runoffs located below the headwater level of the public sewerage system.
(6) A local government may establish the requirements for the building and use of the water supply and sewerage facilities of registered immovables by the rules on use of the public water supply and sewerage system, which are necessary for ensuring the functioning of the public water supply and sewerage system and for the protection of people, structures and environment.
[RT I 2005, 37, 280 - entry into force 10.07.2005; 1.01.2006]

§ 12.  Use of water supply and sewerage facilities of registered immovables in public interest

In the public interest, local governments have the right to exercise compulsory possession or expropriation for fair and immediate compensation on the basis of the provisions of the Immovables Expropriation Act in order to use or acquire structures necessary for ensuring trouble-free functioning and development of the public water supply and sewerage system.

§ 13.  Sale of services of supplying water and leading off waste water

The service of supplying water and leading off waste water shall be sold on the basis of a contract entered into between a client and a water undertaking.
[RT I 2005, 37, 280 - entry into force 10.07.2005]

§ 14.  Prices for water services

(1) The following charges (hereinafter prices for water services) may be charged for the services of supplying water and leading off and treatment of waste water, rain water, drainage water and other soil and surface water:
1) a charge for water extracted;
2) a charge for leading off and treatment of waste water;
3) a charge for leading off and treatment of rain water, drainage water and other soil and surface water;
4) a basic fee.
(2) Prices for water services shall be established such that the water undertaking can:
1) cover justified operating expenses;
2) make investments in order to ensure the sustainability of the existing public water supply and sewerage systems;
3) comply with environmental requirements;
4) comply with quality and safety requirements;
5) ensure justified profitability of the capital invested by the water undertaking;
6) develop the public water supply and sewerage system, including rain water pipes, pursuant to the public water supply and sewerage development plan in specific development areas where more than 50 per cent of residential buildings for which building permits were issued before 22 March 1999 are connected to the public water supply and sewerage system.
(3) The charges specified in clauses 2) and 3) of subsection (1) of this section for leading off and treatment of waste water, rain water, drainage water and other soil and surface water may differ depending on the level of pollution of waste water, rain water, drainage water and other soil and surface water. The charge for leading off and treatment of rain water, drainage water and other soil and surface water may also differ depending on whether it is being conducted to a combined sewer system or to rainwater pipes. In addition to the prices for water services a charge for pollution exceeding the standard may be established if the content of pollutants, including hazardous substances, in the led off waste water, rain water, drainage water or other soil and surface water exceeds the maximum content of pollutants established by the rules on use of the public water supply and sewerage system or the contract on use of the public water supply and sewerage system entered into between the water company and the client or the maximum limit values of hazardous substances conducted to public sewerage system established pursuant to subsection 10 (2) of this Act.
(4) The prices for water services shall not be discriminatory with regard to different clients or groups of clients.
(5) The prices for water services shall not be used to cover the expenses covered by connection charges.
(6) If a water undertaking provides water services in several different waste water collection areas, uniform prices for water services may be established for all the areas, considering the total expenses of the water undertaking specified in subsection (2) of this section.
(7) The charges specified in subsection (1) of this section may be established by different groups of clients on the basis of different expenses of the water undertaking due to different consumption volumes.
(8) The prices for leading off and treatment of waste water and rain water, drainage water and other soil and surface water led off from registered immovables shall be calculated on the basis of the volume of extracted water.
(9) The recommended principles for calculation of prices for water services shall be prepared and disclosed on its website by the Competition Authority.
(10) If state funds or European Union funds have been received for the development of the public water supply and sewerage system, the approval of prices for water services shall be based on the commitments undertaken for the receipt of grant aid.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]

§ 141.  Establishment of prices for water services

(1) A water undertaking shall establish and disclose the prices for water services no later than thirty days before the prices become effective. After having adopted a decision on establishing the prices, the water undertaking shall publish a notice on establishing the prices on the website of the local government or on that of the water undertaking and once in at least one local or county newspaper.
(2) Charges specified in subsection 14 (1) of this Act may be collected by a water undertaking for the services provided to another water undertaking only if the water undertaking has submitted a separate application to set prices for this purpose and obtained an approval on the bases of and pursuant to the procedure provided in § 142. Until obtaining the approval, a water undertaking is prohibited to terminate or suspend the provision of the service unilaterally.
(3) If a water undertaking provides the services of public water supply and sewerage system in the waste water collection areas with pollution loads of both less than and more than 2000 population equivalent and wishes to establish, in accordance with an application to set prices, uniform prices for water services in these areas based on total expenses, it shall submit an application to set prices covering all waste water collection areas for approval to the Competition Authority.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]

§ 142.  Regulation of prices for water services

(1) If the licensed territory of a water undertaking is situated in the waste water collection area with pollution load of 2000 population equivalent or more, the water undertaking shall prepare an application to set prices for water services (hereinafter application to set prices) and submit it together with the price list for services related to the essential services and other documents serving as a basis for the application to set prices for approval to the Competition Authority before establishing the prices for water services. The Competition Authority shall verify that the applied prices would only include the justified expenses and justified profitability prescribed in subsection 14 (2) of this Act.
(2) If the licensed territory of a water undertaking is situated in the waste water collection area with pollution load of less than 2000 population equivalent or outside a waste water collection area, the water undertaking shall submit an application to set prices on the bases and pursuant to the procedure provided in subsection (1) of this section for approval to the rural municipality or city government which shall verify the compliance of the application to set prices with this Act and the legislation of the local government established on the basis thereof, including the public water supply and sewerage development plan. The local government shall approve the prices on the basis of this Act and the recognised principles for regulation of prices, contacting the Competition Authority for know-how if necessary.
(3) If a water undertaking finds that failure by the local government to approve the application to set prices is unjustified or upon other disputes between the local government and the water undertaking concerning the approval of the application to set prices, the Competition Authority is required to provide a reasoned opinion on the matter if the water undertaking or the local government so requests.
(4) A decision to approve the application to set prices shall be made and the reasoned opinion specified in subsection (3) of this section shall be provided within thirty days after the receipt of a conforming application. If an application is particularly complicated or requires more processing work than usual, the Competition Authority or the local government may extend the term for processing the application to up to ninety days and shall inform the applicant of the extension of the term before the original term expires.
(5) If the Competition Authority or the local government does not approve the application of a water undertaking to set prices, the water undertaking has the right to appeal the failure to approve in an administrative court.
(6) A water undertaking is required to monitor the circumstances which are not depending on its activities and affect the price of water services and notify the Competition Authority of any circumstance that may affect the price of water services by more than 5 per cent no later than thirty days as of the occurrence thereof. The Competition Authority shall decide within thirty days as of receipt of such information whether and within which term the water undertaking must submit a new application to set prices.
(7) A water undertaking shall allow the Competition Authority and an authorised person of the local government to check its accounting upon performance of their functions specified in this Act, it shall reason the grounds for the formation of the price of water services and provide necessary explanations about its economic activities.
(8) The Competition Authority and an authorised person of the local government have the right to enter the territory, rooms and civil engineering works of the water undertaking in the presence of a representative of the inspected water undertaking for on-site checks, inspect the necessary documents, other information and circumstances there and make extracts and copies.
(9) The Competition Authority and the local government have the right to require additional information from the water undertaking and natural and legal persons related to the water undertaking and representatives thereof as well as from state agencies and their officials if the information necessary for performance of the functions specified in this Act is not publicly available. The Competition Authority has the right described in this subsection also in respect of the local government and its officials.
(10) The Competition Authority is required to request an opinion of the rural municipality or city government on the compliance of the application to set prices with the public water supply and sewerage development plan.
(11) The term for processing an application to set prices shall be suspended if the Competition Authority has not received all the required information necessary for approval of the application to set prices.
(12) Upon approving an application to set prices the Competition Authority and the local government have the obligation to keep the business secret of the water undertaking on the bases of and pursuant to the procedure provided for in § 63 of the Competition Act.
(13) Upon approving an application to set prices the local government has the same rights and obligations as the Competition Authority, unless otherwise provided by this Act.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]

§ 15.  Calculation of water sold and waste water led off

(1) Water sold to a client from a public water supply shall be measured by a water meter installed by the water undertaking in the water supply facilities of the registered immovable unless the water undertaking and the client agree otherwise.
(2) The amount of waste water, rain water, drainage water and other soil and surface water conducted to the public sewerage system shall be calculated or measured in accordance with the rules on use of the public water supply and sewerage system.
(3) The requirements set for the methods of sampling and the reference methods for analysis established on the basis of subsection 121 (3) of the Water Act shall be taken into account upon measurement of pollutant indicators of the water discharged to the public sewerage system.
[RT I 2005, 37, 280 - entry into force 10.07.2005; 1.01.2006]

§ 151.  Liability
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]

(1) Unauthorised connection to the public water supply and sewerage system, unauthorised extraction of water from the public water supply, unauthorised leading off of waste water, rain water, drainage water and other soil and surface water via the public sewerage system, and conducting hazardous substances to the public sewerage system in quantities which exceed the limits provided for by or in a manner deviating from the provisions of legislation –
are punishable by a fine of up to 300 fine units.
(2) The same act, if committed by a legal person, –
is punishable by a fine of up to 32,000 euros.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.01.2011]
(3) The following cases are deemed to be the unauthorised connection to the public water supply and sewerage system or unauthorised use of the public water supply and sewerage system specified in subsection (1) of this section:
1) no corresponding contract has been entered into with the water undertaking;
2) seals fitted to pipeline, valves, fire fighting system or water or waste water flow meter by the water undertaking are removed or spoiled, except the cases in which removal is permitted by the rules on the public water supply and sewerage system;
3) a water or waste water meter verification seal is removed or spoiled;
4) a connection which enables water abstraction has been installed before the water meter in the water supply facilities of a registered immovable;
5) waste water is discharged to the public sewerage system through observation well or another well without the authorisation of the water undertaking;
6) readings have been distorted;
7) other activities are carried out which are aimed at the consumption of the service without paying the prescribed price.
[RT I 2005, 37, 280 - entry into force 01.01.2006]
(4) Establishment by a water undertaking of connection charges not conforming to the methodology for calculating connection charges or prices for water services not conforming to the requirements of law as well as violation of the requirements related to the obligations of accounting, providing of information or establishment of prices or connection charges or other requirements specified in the Act, which non-performance may hinder the regulating of prices for water services or supervision over the implementation of the Act
is punishable by a fine of up to 32,000 euros.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.01.2011]
(5) Setting by a water undertaking of conditions not conforming to the requirements of this Act on a subscription contract or on a contract specified in subsection 8 (3) of this Act as well as violation of the rules specified in subsection 5 (21) or 8 (4) of this Act
is punishable by a fine of up to 32,000 euros.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.01.2011]

§ 152.  [Repealed - RT I 2005, 37, 280 - entry into force 01.01.2006]

§ 153.  Proceedings

(1) The provisions of the General Part of the Penal Code and of the Code of Misdemeanour Procedure apply to the misdemeanours provided for in § 151 of this Act.
[RT I 2005, 37, 280 - entry into force 01.01.2006]
(2) The rural municipality or city government shall conduct extra-judicial proceedings in the matters of the misdemeanours specified in subsections 151 (1), (2) and (5) of this Act and the Environmental Inspectorate shall conduct extra-judicial proceedings in the matters of the misdemeanours related to hazardous substances. The Competition Authority shall conduct extra-judicial proceedings in the matters specified in subsection 151 (4) if the licensed territory of a water undertaking is situated in the waste water collection area with pollution load of 2000 population equivalent or more and the rural municipality or city government and the Competition Authority shall conduct extra-judicial proceedings in the above matters if the licensed territory of a water undertaking is situated in the waste water collection area with pollution load of less than 2000 population equivalent or outside a waste water collection area.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]
(3) The Environmental Inspectorate shall conduct extra-judicial proceedings in the matters of the misdemeanours related to hazardous substances provided for in § 151 of this Act.
[RT I 2005, 37, 280 - entry into force 01.01.2006]

§ 154.  Supervision

(1) Supervision over compliance with the requirements provided by this Act and legislation established on the basis thereof shall be exercised, pursuant to their competence, by the rural municipality or city government, the Competition Authority and the Environmental Inspectorate.
(2) Compliance of the prices for water services and the connection charges with law and the methodology specified in subsection 6 (3) of this Act shall be verified and decisions shall be made and precepts shall be issued thereon, pursuant to their competence, by the Competition Authority or the rural municipality or city government.
(3) Supplementary supervision over the connection charges or prices for water services shall be exercised by the Competition Authority either on its own initiative or on the basis of a reasoned request of a local government, the Ministry of the Environment or the Environmental Board. Upon exercising supervision the Competition Authority has the rights provided for in subsections 142 (7)-(9) of this Act and the obligation to keep the business secret of the water undertaking on the bases of and pursuant to the procedure provided for in § 63 of the Competition Act.
(4) The conformity of the activities of a water undertaking and of a client of a water undertaking to the requirements for handling hazardous substances shall be verified and decisions shall be made and precepts shall be issued thereon by the Environmental Inspectorate.
(5) The conformity of the activities of a water undertaking to this Act and the legislation of the local government, including the rules specified in subsections 5 (21) and 8 (4) of this Act and the public water supply and sewerage development plan, shall be verified and decisions shall be made and precepts shall be issued thereon by the rural municipality or city government.
(6) The rural municipality or city government shall verify the compliance of the prices for water services with the public water supply and sewerage development plan and oblige a water undertaking to submit an application to set prices if the prices for water services do not cover the expenses prescribed in the public water supply and sewerage development plan in conformity with this Act.
(7) Supervisory authorities shall use the information at their disposal solely for the performance of the functions arising from law.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]

§ 155.  Precept and penalty payment

(1) In order to terminate or prevent violations of the requirements of this Act, the Competition Authority or the rural municipality or city government have the right, pursuant to their competence, to issue a precept for brining the connection charges or prices for water services into compliance with this Act and legislation established on the basis thereof.
(2) Upon failure to comply with a precept specified in subsection (1) of this section, an official exercising supervision may impose a coercive measure pursuant to the procedure provided for in the Substitutive Enforcement and Penalty Payment Act. The upper limit of penalty payment is 3200 euros.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2011]

§ 16.  Implementation of Act

(1) Until 31 December 2002 the amount of water sold from the public water supply may be calculated in accordance with the rules on use of the public water supply and sewerage system and the standards for water usage established by the local government council.
(2) Water undertakings are required to install water meters for measuring water by the term specified in subsection (1) of this section.
(3) Contracts entered into between local governments and water undertakings and between clients and water undertakings prior to the entry into force of this Act are valid in so far as they are not contrary to this Act. The replacement of such contracts with contracts which comply with the requirements of this Act shall be completed by not later than 31 December 2002.
(4) On 1 January 2006:
1) subsection 1 (11), § 31, subsections 4 (11), (21), (22), (23), (24) and (5), subsections 5 (5) and (6), subsection 7 (21), subsection 8 (6), subsections 11 (5) and (6), clause 14 (3) 5) and subsection 14 (31) and subsection 15 (3) of this Act enter into force;
2) subsection 1 (1), subsection 2 (1), subsection 3 (2), subsections 4 (1) and (2), subsection 5 (21), § 6, subsections 7 (1) and (2), subsections 8 (1), (4) and (5), subsection 9 (2), subsection 14 (2) and §§ 151 and 153 of this Act enter into force in the wording of the redaction of 8 June 2005;
3) section 152 of this Act is repealed.
(5) The public water supply and sewerage development plan specified in § 4 of this Act and the rules specified in §§ 5 and 8 of this Act shall be brought into conformity with this Act by 1 July 2006.
[RT I 2005, 37, 280 - entry into force 10.07.2005]
(6) Until establishment by a water undertaking of the prices for water services conforming to the requirements of price regulation in the procedure prescribed by this Act, the services of supplying water and leading off waste water shall be provided to consumers at the prices effective on 31 October 2010 established by the local government council on the basis of subsection 14 (2) of this Act in the wording in force until 31 October 2010. The Competition Authority has the right to require at any time that a water undertaking establish the prices which are in conformity with the requirements of this Act.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]
(7) Until implementation by a water undertaking of the methodology for calculation of connection charges in the procedure provided for in this Act, the bases of and procedure for calculating connection charges effective on 31 October 2010 established by the local government council in the rules for connection to the public water supply and sewerage system on the basis of clause 5 (21) 3) and subsection 6 (1) of this Act in the wording in force until 31 October 2010 shall apply.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]
(8) Contracts entered into between clients and water undertakings before 1 November 2010 are valid in so far as they are not contrary to this Act.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]
(9) The Competition Authority may establish temporary prices for water services for a water undertaking specified in subsection 142 (1) of this Act if the water undertaking provides water services for prices which do not conform to the conditions provided for in subsection 14 (2) of this Act and has failed to comply with a precept issued by the Competition Authority. The prices established by the Competition Authority shall be effective until the water undertaking has the new prices for water services approved by the Competition Authority.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]
(10) The Competition Authority shall establish the prices specified in subsection (9) of this section on the basis of the current price structure of the water undertaking, the justified expenses in the financial year preceding the year of issuing the precept and the justified rate of profitability. The Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications shall establish by a regulation the conditions of and procedure for the establishment of prices for water services on the basis of the grounds provided for in this subsection.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]
(11) If a local government has established lower prices for natural persons than for legal persons on the basis of § 14 of this Act in the wording in force until 31 October 2010, the water undertaking is required to bring the applied prices into conformity with the requirements of equal treatment so that the annual change in the difference between the prices for natural persons and legal persons would not be greater than 1/15 of the difference between the prices applied by the water undertaking on 31 October 2010. Upon establishment of the prices for water services in the case specified in subsection (9) of this section, the Competition Authority shall take as a basis the proportion expressed in the prices effective at the time of issuing the precept to the water undertaking.
[RT I 2010, 56, 363 - entry into force 01.11.2010]
§ 17. – § 22. [Repealed - RT I 2002, 63, 387 - entry into force 01.09.2002]

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